US2798348A - Packaging of tow - Google Patents

Packaging of tow Download PDF

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US2798348A
US2798348A US262856A US26285651A US2798348A US 2798348 A US2798348 A US 2798348A US 262856 A US262856 A US 262856A US 26285651 A US26285651 A US 26285651A US 2798348 A US2798348 A US 2798348A
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means
carton
tow
cartons
supporting
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US262856A
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Weber Harold
Svend A Petersen
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Celanese Corp
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Celanese Corp
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B63/00Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on articles or materials to be packaged
    • B65B63/02Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on articles or materials to be packaged for compressing or compacting articles or materials prior to wrapping or insertion in containers or receptacles

Description

4 Sheets-Shea?. l

July 9, 1957 H. WEBER Er Al.

PACKAGING oF Tow Filed Dec. 21, 1951.

' July 9, 1957 H. WEBER Er AL PACKAGING OF TOW 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Deo. 2l, 195] FIGJ.

INVENTORS SVEND A. PETERSEN HAROLD WEBER July 9, 1957 I H. WEBER Er AL 2,798,348

PACKAGING oF Tow Filed Dec. 2l, 195] 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENToRs. lsvnaND A. PETERsx-:N

HAROLD WEBER July 9, 1957 H. WEBER Er AL- 2,798,348

l PACKAGING 0F Tow Y Filed Dec. 2l, 195] Y I 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTORS. sv'END A. PETERSEN HAROLD WEBER United States Patent I is ".r.

PACKAGING' VOF TOW 2Hai-olii:WebenBloomfield, N. J.,and Svend A. Petersen, Brooklyn, NfY., assignors to Celanese Corporation of rnerica, New YorlgN. Y., a corporation of Delaware Application DecemberZL 1951,;SrialNo. 262,856

`IG'CImS. l(Cl. 534124) This invention relates to the -'p`ack-aging of tow and relatesirr'ioreparticularly to a novelltowipac'kage and to a fpackagingapp'aratus lfor producing the same.

Filameritary-rnaterials are frequently obtained in the '-forr'nofa tow, sliver or the like,ihereinafter referred to fas a'tow,' comprising arlargenuniber 'of coritinuousila- #ments oriibers `arranged inasinglestrand or rope.

Apresents manyidifculties in handlingowirig/to its weight,

which'may beiseveral hundred pounds, aridto the necessityfor 'rotatably supporting the 'same'durin'g'the unwindingof the tow therefrom. The Yball warp is also `comparatively bulkyowing to thespace occupied by the cylindrical supporting tube and to the fact that it is not possibleto compress the `tow wound thereon to obtain 'a 'densewinding ln addition, 4when a crimped tow is wound on a ball warp it is found that the winding tension tends to remove a considerable amount of the crimp from the tow.

-It is an important object of this -invention'to provide a novel towpackage which will be free from the foregoing and other difficulties.

A further object of this invention is to provide a novel apparatus for producing tow packages.

Another object of this invention is to providea novel tow package.

Other objects of this invention, together with certain details of construction and combinations 'o'fparts, will be apparentv from the following detailed description and claims.

'According to the present invention, there is provided a tow packaging apparatus comprising means for supporting two' cartons'into which the tow is'to `be vpacked.

Positioned above one of the two cartons is a traversing mechanism which directs the tow into the saidcarton to obtain'a compact? package from which the tow can be drawn readily without tangling or snarling. A form of packingl which 'has been found highly advantageous is to arrange the 'tow-in the carton inl pleated form, the pleats extendingsubstantially across the entire width of the carton. The traverse mechanism'employed to deposit the tow into the carton may `comprise a feed mechanism for directingthe tow into the cartonanda pair of actuating means, arrangedy to operateat right angles to one another, -for shifting the feed mechanism `with 'respect to the carton to obtain the desired arrangement ofthe tow. Fluidoperated cylinders-have been found eminently suit- 'able for operatingtheiactuating mechanisms, particularly at high-speeds.

-Since thetow -is relatively bulky, vit will not form "a dense package'unless itis subjected to compression and its `volume reduced -consid'erably below that'which it would normally-occupy. To produce a full carton after compressiomallersleeve is positioned above 'the carton l.so-that a mass of tow havingavolume 'largerthan--the `the volume of the carton. greeof compression of the tow without the necessity for volume'of 'the 'carton itself Vmay be positioned in and above the carton. After the desired amount oftow has been deposited i'n one carton and in the iiller sleeve positioned th'ereabove, the carton supporting apparatus :is moved to bring the empty carton beneath thetraversing mechanism, permitting the feed of the tow to continue without interruption. v'In order to produce a dense 'package, the tow positioned in and abovethe loaded carton is compressed to a volume not substantially in excess of For obtaining the desired deinterrupting the feed'of the tow, there are provided a pair of hydraulic cylinders carrying platens adapted, when the cylinders are energized, to corne into Contact with-and compress the tow. One hydraulic cylinder is located at one side of thetraversemechanisrn andthe other hydraulic cylinder is located at the other side of the traverse mechanism, and thehydraulic cylinders'are positioned sothat the platens will be aligned with 'a loaded cartonV of tow when the empty'carton is moved to a point below the feed traverse mechanism.

It has been found that the most satisfactory to'w packages areobtainedwhen the degree of compression of the tow'is such that the finished vpackage has a density of `between about 12.5 and 18.75 pounds per cubic foot. The tow is not damaged when subjected to'the'degreeof compression "necessary to produce a 'package of Vthis ydensity andthe tow can be drawn from this package vwherein- Fig. 1 is a front elevational view of thepackaging apparatus,

Fig. 2 is a Aside elevational view of the 'packaging apparatus, l

Fig. `3 is a'top plan view of the traversemechanism for distributing the tow,

Fig. 4 is aside elevational-view of the 'traverse'me'c'hamsm,

Fig. 5 is an end elevational viewof the traverse mecha msm,

Fig. 6'is a detail perspective view of theller vtube catch,

Fig. 7 isa cross-sectional view ofv one of the carton holders takenv along the line 7 7 inFg. 2 inthe direc- .tion of the arrows,

Fig. 8 is a detail view ofthe cutter, and

Fig. 9 is a perspective view of the tow package, broken away to show the interior thereof.

kReferring now to the drawings, the reference numeral 2l designates a framework on the'upper portion of which are f mounted hydraulic cylinders 22 and 23 carrying platens 24 and 25', respectively, having grooves l26 eX- tending across the lower faces thereof. Mounted on'the framework 21, between the cylinders 22 and 23, isa traverse -mechanism indicated generally by reference numeral 27, which traverse mechanism 'will be described more fully hereinafter. A vtow 28 (Fig. 2),'fro'm any suitable source (not shown), is dir'ected to thetraverse mechanism 27 by means "of a lpair of grooved guide wheels 29 and a freely rotatable. guide bar 30.

Positioned on the l'floor beneath the cylinders 22 and `V2?; are a. pair of angle-iron tracks Sion vwhich acarriage, indicated generally by reference numeral 32, is mounted by means of groovedf casters '33`which `ride on Vthe said tracks. The carriage `32 comprises a frame 34"supported onthe "casters"'3`3"arid carrying a"pair ofcar'ton'llde's 35 and 36 of identical construction, each comprising a base 37 and a side plate 38 extending substantially across the full width of the frame 34 (Fig. 7). Projecting vertically upward from 4the frame 34 between the side plates 38 are a pair of rods 39 and 41 to which a front wall 42 and a back wall 43, for each of the carton holders 35 and 36, are hingedly connected by means of strap hinges 44 and 45, respectively. The front wall 42 is made up of three plates 46 which are spaced from one another to form a pair of slots 47 extending the full height of said wall, and the said plates are joined to form a strong unitary structure by means of straps 48 that are welded to the faces thereof. The back wall 43 is similarly made up of three plates 49 that are spaced from one another to form a pair of slots 50 extending the full height of said wall. The plates 49 are joined to form a strong unitary structure by means of channeled connectors 51, the ends 52 of which are curved, that extend the length of and lie over the slots 50 and are welded to the said plates. Hingedly connected to the back wall 43 by means of strap hinges 53 is another wall 54 which is provided at its free end with a latch mechanism 55 that cooperates with a projection 56 on the free end of the front wall 42 to keep the walls of the carton holders in closed position.

Extending laterally across the ends of the carriage frame 34 are rods 57 and 58 on which are pivotally mounted platforms 59 and 61, respectively, each carrying two rows of casters 62 that are aligned with openings 63 in the base 37. Resting on the inner ends of the platforms 59 and 61 are pairs of rods 64 and 65 slidably mounted in bushings 66 that are secured to the side plates 38. Rectangular filler sleeves 67 and 68, having a crosssection slightly smaller than that of the carton holders 35 and 36, are fastened by means of brackets 69 and collars 71 to the upper ends of the pairs of rods 64fand 65, respectively, and the said ller sleeves normally extended for a short distance into the said carton holders.

A Huid-operated cylinder 72, to which fluid under pressure is supplied through conduits 73 and 74,-causes the reciprocation of a piston rod 75 operatively connected to the carriage 32 by means of a bracket 76. Actuation of the fluid-operated piston rod 75 will move the carriage 32 to bring the carton holder 35 and the ller sleeve 67 beneath the platen 24, or the carton holder 36 and the ller sleeve 68 beneath the platen 25. In either of these positions, the other of the carton holders and ller sleeves will be positioned beneath the ltraverse mechanism 27. Two pairs of fluid-operated jacks 77 and 78, to which fluid under pressure is suplied through conduits 79 and 81, respectively, are located beneath the carriage 32. The pairs of jacks 77, whose function will be set forth hereinafter, are so positioned that they will be beneath the inner end of the platform 59 when the carriage 32 is moved to bring the carton holder 35 and the filler sleeve 67 beneath the platen 24. The pairs of jacks 78 are so positioned, as shown in Fig. l of the drawings, as to be beneath the inner end of the platform 61 when the carton holder 36 and the filler sleeve 68 are beneath the platen 25. During operation, cartons 82, having external dimensions substantially equal to the internal dimensions of the carton holders 35 and 36 are located in the said carton holders. The cartons 82 are sufficiently tall so that the filler sleeves 67 and 68 will extend for a short distance, of the order of about one-half inch, into said cartons, providing a smooth-surfaced guide to direct the tow 28 into the said cartons during the lling operation.

A cutter assembly, indicated generally by reference numeral 83, is positioned between and slightly above the upper ends of the filler sleeves 67 and 68. As shown in Fig. 8 of the drawings, the cutter assembly 83 comprises a tube 84 to one end of which a blade 85 is fastened by means of a clamp 86. A slider 87, mounted in the tube 84, carries a blade 88 that projects through a slot 89 extending along a substantial portion of the length of the 4 I tube 84. The blade 88 is normally maintained at the end of the slot furthest removed from the blade by means of a helical spring 91 that is fastened at one end to the tube 84 and at the other end to the slider 87. To operate the cutter assembly 83, there is provided a rope 92, fastened to the slider 87, which is guided out of the tube 84 by means of a pin 93 extending across the open end of said tube. By pulling on the rope 92 it is possible to draw the blade 88 into cutting engagement with blade 85 to sever the tow 28 as will be described hereinafter. The cutting edge of the blade 88 is inclined at a sharper angle to the vertical than the cutting edge of the blade 85 to provide a scissor-like cutting action during the cutting operation. When the rope 92 is released, the spring 91 will draw the slider 87 and the blade 88 secured thereto back to the position shown in Fig. 8 of the drawings.

The tow 28 is delivered to the ller sleeve 67 or 68 and to the carton 82 by means of the traverse mechanism 27, the details of which are shown in Figs. 3, 4 and 5 of the drawings. Referring now to these figures, the traverse mechanism 27 is supported on a framework 94 resting on the framework 21 and comprises a guiding funnel 95 mounted on a bracket 96. The guiding funnel 95 is adapted to receive the tow 28 from the guide bar 30 and directs the same to the nip of a pair of feed rolls 97 and 98, which are urged toward each other by springs 99. The feed roll 97 is positively rotated to move the tow 28 at the desired rate by means of a fluid-operated motor 101 connected thereto to which fluid under pressure is supplied through a conduit 102. From the nip of the feed rolls 97 and 98, the tow 28 drops into the carton 82 which is positioned beneath the traverse mechanism 27.

The funnel 95, the feed rolls 97 and 98, and the fluidoperated motor 101 constitute a feed assembly 103, which is mounted on a plate 104 fastened to rods 105 slidably mounted in bushings 106 carried by brackets 107, joined together by cross-piece 108. The brackets 107 are themselves slidably mounted, by means of bushings 109, on rods 111 supported by the framework 94. To traverse the feed assembly 103 to lay the tow 28 into the carton 82 in the desired pattern, there are provided a pair of fluid-operated cylinders 112 and 113 to which uid under pressure is supplied by means of conduits 114 and 115, 116 and 117, respectively (Fig. 3). The fluid-operated cylinder 112 is mounted between the brackets 107 and has a piston rod 118 extending therefrom and fastened to the plate 104 by means of a nut 119. The uid-operated cylinder 113 is mounted on the framework 94 and has a piston rod 121 extending therefrom and fastened to the cross-piece 108 by means of a nut 122. When the huid-operated cylinder 112 is energized it will cause the rods to slide back and forth in the bushings 106, whereas, when the Huid-operated cylinder 113 is energized it will cause the brackets 107 to slide back and forth on the rods 111. By adjusting the relative speeds of the fluid-operated motor 101, the fluid-operated cylinder 112 and the fluid-operated cylinder 113, it is possible to lay the tow 28 into the carton 82 in any desired pattern to obtain a uniform packing of the said tow to form a package from which the tow may be withdrawn readily without snarling or tanglinfg.

During operation, .a carton 82 is positioned in each of the carton holders 35 and 36 and the traverse mechlanism 27 is operated to feed the tow 28 into the carton 82 positioned beneath said traverse mechanism which, in Fig. l of the drawings is in the carton holder 35. It has been found that a uniform packing of the tow 28 may be obtained if the fluid-operated cylinder 112 is operated to cause its piston 118 to move at a linear traverse rate of about one-twentieth the linear rate at which the tow is drawn between the feed rolls'97 and 98 and the uid- `operated cylinder 113 is operated to cause its piston 121 to move at a relatively slow rate to lay the successive pori tions of the tow in side by'side relation to produce a fold or pleat arrangement as shown in Fig. 9 of the drawepesses Jholder 35 is vcontinued until the desired amount of tow isy deposited in the said carton, as determined, for 'example, by measuring the length of the tow. At this time, the tow 28 will not only till the carton 82, but will also anrajor portion ofthe llersleeve `67 positioned above the said `carton -becauseof the 'bulk cfs-aid tow.

When the desired amount "of tow 28 is deposited in lthe carton 82 in thecarton 'holder 35, the duid-operated cylinder 72 is actuated to cause its piston rod 75 to nuove the carriage 32 to bring the `carton holder 3S and the ller sleeve l67 beneath'the platen 24 of the hydraulic cylinder 22. With =the carriage l32 in this position, the

carton holder 36 and the ller sleeve 68 will be positioned beneath the traverse mechanism 27 and the tow 28 will -be'deposited in the cartonf82 in the said carton holder 36. Thekcutte'r assembly 83 is Vthen operated by pulling lthe rope'92 Vto cut thetow 28. A cap 123 having an aperture 12'4 therein sthen placed over the mass of vtow 2S in the iiller sleeve 67 and the end of said tow is ving the volume lof the carton 82. When the m'ass of tow A2S has beenfcoinpres'se'd in this manner, the Huid-operated jacks 77 are actuated and will rotate the platform 59 about the rodS` until vthe rows of casters 62 come into contact with the kbase of the carton "82. Because of thedownward force exerted by the'platen 24, no'further rotation of the 'platform v59 will take place. However, the rotationof the platform '59 whih does occur raises the pair of rods V621 a sufiicientdistance to vlift the iller sleeve 67 out of the carton 82. This provides sufficient clearance to permit strapsv A125 to be inserted into and through the grooves "26 in the lowerfface of the=pl`aten 24. The straps "125 will then enter 'the channeled connectors 51'in the back lwall `41,3 of the cartoniholder 35 and will be directed by the said connectors into grooves 126 -extending across the'u'pper face ofthe base 37. After'the ends of the straps 125 emerge `from the grooves 1126, they are guided into the channels 47 Vunder lthe straps '48 and the `ends of saidstraps125'arejoined together by means of clips 127 to hold Vthe tow "2S in the carton 82 cornpressed. The latch "555 is then opened and the walls r-42, 43and b4 of the carton holder 35 are swung awayfrom Ithe walls of the carton 82. With the walls of the carton holder 35 clear of the carton, the hydraulic cylinder 22 is actuated to raise'the platen 24. As theplaten 24 moves away from contact with the carton'SZ, the fluid-operated jacks 77, which are still actuated, will cause I'a further rotation'of the platform 59 about the -rods 57, raising the carton 8201i the base 37 onthe rowsofcasters 62 and causing the said carton to slide out of the carton holder 35. A cover 12e` isV placed over 'the'topof the carton 82 to seal the same and is secured in 'place by means of a gummed band 129.

Following removal ofthe filled carton S2 from the carton holder 35, the fluid-operated jacks 77 are de-actuated, permitting the platform 59 to return to its original position. To'hold the iiller sleeve l67 ina raised position to permitan empty carton 82 to be placed in the carton holder 35, there is provided a latch mechanism 131, the construction of which is shown in Fig.'6 of the drawings. The latch mechanism 131 comprises a rod 132 slideably journalled in bushings 133 andhaving an operating handle 134 fastened to the front end thereof. Fastened to the rod 132 is a pin 135 that projects through an aperture 136 in plate 137 fastened tothe ller sleeve 67 when the said iller'sleeve is in its lowermost position. Encircling the rod 132 vis a helical'spring 138 that is compressed between a fixed stop 139 and the pin 135 and that tends to urge the rod 132 to move in a direction toward the front of the tow packaging'apparatus. When the filler sleeve 67 is raised by operation of the fluid-operatedA jacks 77, the plate 137 will be lifted clear of the 'pin 135, permitting the `spring 138 to `move the rod 132 to a `position where the pin `135 is no longer 'aligned withthe 'aperture 136. Upon die-actuation of the huid-operated jacks 7'7,`the filler sleev'e`67 will drop until the plate Vll37f1re`sts on the pin 135. An empty carton 82 isthcn placed 'in 'the lcarton 'holder 35, the said carton holder is`clo`sed and latched, and the vhandle '134 is then into the carton V92 in the carton holder 36 and into the filler sleeve 68, the 'fluid-operated cylinder 72 is again actuatedf-tom'ove the carriage 32 to bring the said carton 'holder 36 and -llerisle'eve 68 beneath the platen 25 of the hydraulic cylinder 23.

In this position of the carriage 3,2, the carton holder 35 and the iiller sleeve "67 will -be positioned beneath vthe traverse mechanism y27 to receive `the tow 28 and `the'entire cycle of'operations will LbeV repeated.

` It `to be understood that the foregoing detailed de- 'scription'willbe `given merely by'way of illustration and 'that many Variations Ymay be made therein without departing from the 's'piritof our invention.

Having described our invention, what we desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

l. rA 'tow packaging apparatus comprising means for supporting twoicartons for longitudinal movement, traverse means movable vrelative tosaid cartons for directing a tow i-nto one of said cartons so that it will have a predetermined arrangement in said carton, and means for longitudinally shifting s'aid carton supportingrneans to bring a carton located`i`none or'the other of said carton supporting means to'a position to receive the tow from said traverse means.

'2. 'A tow packaging apparatus comprising means for supporting 'two cartons, traverse means for directing a tow into one of said cartons, means for shifting said carton supporting-means to bring a carton located in a predetermined c'arton'supporting means to a position Vto receive the tow from said traverse means and a pair of means for compressing said tow, one of said pair of compressing'means being located to one side of said trave-rse means ina position to compress the tow in a carton positioned in one of s-aid carton supporting means and the other of said pair of compressing means being located to the other side of said traverse means in a position to compress the tow in a carton positioned in the other of said carton supporting means.

3. A tow packaging apparatus comprising means for supporting two cartons, filler sleeves positioned above said carton supporting means, traverse means for directing a tow into'one of said cartons, means for shifting said carton supporting means -to bring a cartonlocat'ed in a predetermined carton supporting means to a position to receive the tow from said tnaverse means and apair of means for compressing said tow, one of slaidpair of compressing means being located to one side of said traverse means in a position to compress the Vtow in a carton positioned in one of said carton supporting means, and the other of said pair of compressing means being located to theother side of said tnaverse means in a position to compress the tow ina carton positioned in the other of said carton supportingmeans.

4. A tow packaging apparatus comprising means for supporting two cartons for longitudinal movement, traverse means for directing a tow into one of said cartons, means for longitudinally shifting said canton supporting means to bring a carton located in a predetermined carton supporting'means to a position to receive the tow from said traversemeans and cutter means positioned between said carton supporting means for severing the tow after the shifting, means has been operated. Y

5. A tow packaging apparatusl comprising means for supporting two cartons, traverse means for directing a tow into one of said cartons, means fos shifting said carton supporting means to bring a oarton located in a predetermined carton supporting means -to a position to receive the tow from said traverse means, ller sleeves positioned above said carton supporting means and adapted normally to extend into said cartons, means for raising said ller sleeves out of said cartons, and latch means for holding said ller sleeves in a raised position clear of said cartons.

6. A tow packaging apparatus comprising means for supporting two cartons, traverse means for `directing a tow into one of said cartons, means for shifting said carton supporting means to bring a carton located in a predetermined carton supporting means to a position to receive the tow from said tnaverse means, ller sleeves positioned above said carton supporting means, and adapted normally to extend into said cartons, means for raising said ller sleeves out of said cartons, latch means for holding said ller sleeves in a raised position clear of said cartons and a pair of means for compressing said tow, one of said pair of compressing means being located to one side of said traverse vmeans in a position to compress the tow in a carton positioned in one of said carton supporting means and the other of said pair of compressing means being located to the other side of said traverse means in a position to compress the tow in a carton positioned in the other of said carton supporting means.

7. A tow packaging apparatus comprising means for supporting two cartons, traverse means for directing a tow into one of said cartons, means for shifting said carton supporting means to bring a carton located in :a predetermined carton supporting means to a position to receive the tow from said ltraverse means, ller sleeves positioned above said carton supporting means and adapted normally to extend into said cartons, means for raising said ller sleeves out of said cartons, latch means for holding said filler sleeves in a raised position clear of said cartons and a pair of means for compressing said tow, one of said pair of compressing means being located to one side of said traverse means in a position to compress the tow in a carton positioned in one of said carton supporting means and the other of said pair of compressing means being located to the other side of said traverse means in la position to compress the tow in a carton positioned in the other ofsaid carton supporting means and cutter means positioned between said carton supporting means for severing the tow after the shifting means has been operated.

8. In a tow packaging apparatus, means for supporting a carton, and traversing means for directing a tow into said carton, said traversing means comprising feed means for said tow, ,and a pair of fluid-operated cylinders arranged to operate at right angles to one another to shift the feed means with respect to said carton to obtain the desired arrangement of the tow in the carton.

9. In a tow packaging apparatus, means for supporting a carton, and traversing means for directing a tow into said carton, said traversing means comprising feed rolls for pulling said tow into said carton, and la pair of fluid-operated cylinders ianranged to operate at right angles to one another to shift the feed rolls with respect to said carton to obtain the desired arrangement of the tow in the carton. f

l0. A tow packaging apparatus comprising means for supporting two cartons, traverse means for directing a tow into one of said cartons, means for shifting said carton supporting means to bring a carton located in a predetermined carton supporting means to a position to receive the tow from said traverse means, said traversing means comprising feed means for said tow, and a pair of duid-operated cylinders arranged to operate at right angles to one another to shift the feed means with respect to saidcartonto obtain the desired arrangement of the oarton. A Y

11. In a packaging apparatus, means vfor supporting a carton, means for urging said carton in a given direction, and means for urging said carton in the opposite direction and for compressing the material in said carton, said compressing means exerting a greater force on said carton than said rst mentioned means lfor urging the carton in a given direction whereby the carton will not move while the compressing means is applied but will `move when the compressing means is released.

12. In a packaging apparatus, pivotally mounted means adapted to engage one face of a carton, means for urging said pivotally mounted means against the carton to urge the carton in a given direction, and means for urging said carton in the opposite direction and for compressing the material in said carton, said compressing means exerting a greater force on said carton than said pivotally mounted means whereby the carton will not move while the compressing means is applied but the pivotally mounted means will move to tip the carton when the compressing means is released.

13. In a packaging apparatus, means for supporting a carton, pivotally mounted means positioned beneath said supporting means, engaging means secured to said pivotally mounted means and adapted on movement of said pivotally mounted means to extend through said supporting means to contact the carton, and means for moving said pivotally mounted means to bring said engaging means into contact with the carton and tip the carton.

14. A tow packaging apparatus comprising means for supporting two cartons, traverse means for directing a tow into one of said cartons, means for shifting said carton supporting means to bring a carton located in a predetermined carton supporting means to a position to receive the tow from said traverse means, filler sleeves positioned above said carton supporting means, and adapted normally to extend into said cartons, means for raising said filler sleeves out of said cartons, latch means for holding said ller sleeves in a raised position clear of said cartons, a pair of means for compressing said tow, one of said pair of compressing means being located to one side of said traverse means in a position to compress the tow in a carton positioned in one of said carton supporting means and the other of said pair of compressing means being located to the other side iof said traverse means in a position to compress the tow in a carton positioned in the other of said carton supporting means, and means for urging said carton in a direction opposite to the direction in which the carton is urged by the compressing means, said compressing means exerting a greater force on said carton than said means for urging said carton in a given direction whereby the carton will not move while the cornpressing means is applied but will move when the compressing means is released.

15. A tow packaging apparatus comprising means for supporting two cartons, traverse means for directing said tow into one of said cartons, means for shifting said carton supporting means to a position to receive the tow from said traverse means,'filler sleeves positioned above said carton supporting means and adapted normally to extend into said cartons, means for raising said ller sleeves out of said cartons, latch means for holding saidv ller sleeves in a raised position clear of'said cartons, a pair of means for compressing said tow, one of said pair of compressing means being located to one side of said traverse means in a position to compress the tow in a carton positioned in one of said carton supporting means and the other of said pair of compressing means being located to the other side of said traverse means in aposition to compress the tow in a carton positioned in the other of said carton supporting means, cutter means positioned between said carton supporting means for severing the tow after the shifting means has been operated, pivotally mounted means positioned beneath said carton supporting means, engaging means secured to said pivotally mounted means out of contact with said carton and :adapted on movement of said pivotally mounted means to extend through said carton supporting means to contact said carton, means for moving said pivotally mounted means to bring said engaging means into contact with the carton to urge the carton in a direction opposite to the direction in which the carton is urged by the compressing means, and means operatively connecting the pivotally mounted means to the means for raising the filler sleeve whereby the initial movement of the pivotally mounted means raises the ller sleeve, said compressing means exerting a greater force on said carton than said pivotally mounted means whereby the carton will not move when the compressing means is applied but the pivotally mounted means will move to tip the carton when the compressing means is released.

16. A package of tow comprising a carton of rectangular cross-section having a crimped tow of continuous filaments positioned therein and arranged in pleats extending back and forth substantially across the entire 10 width of the carton, the pleats of tow being arranged in superimposed layers having a number of parallel pleats in each layer, successive pleats being disposed in regular side-by-side relationship, said tow being compressed to a density of between about 12.5 and 18.75 pounds per cubic foot.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 588,168 Nickerson Aug. 17, 1897 1,083,765 Smith Ian. 6, 1914 1,156,210 Clark Oct. 12, 1915 1,380,674 Murray et al June 7, 1921 1,490,350 Stroud Apr. l5, 1924 1,887,626 Elssner Nov. 15, 1932 1,937,468 Talbot Nov. 28, 1933 2,304,260 Keller Dec. 8, 1942 2,412,089 Kelly Dec. 3, 1946 2,619,272 Boehling Nov. 25, 1952 2,707,806 Wilkie May 10, 1955 FOREIGN PATENTS 334,107 Great Britain Oct. 19, 1929 525,283 Great Britain Aug. 26, 1940

US262856A 1951-12-21 1951-12-21 Packaging of tow Expired - Lifetime US2798348A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2984957A (en) * 1959-05-11 1961-05-23 Lundgren Gunnar Plant for collecting rubbish from rubbish-chutes in open containers
US3119212A (en) * 1961-11-14 1964-01-28 American Cyanamid Co Tow packaging
US3120893A (en) * 1961-06-19 1964-02-11 Eastman Kodak Co Tow bale
US3206021A (en) * 1961-06-19 1965-09-14 Eastman Kodak Co Tow bale
US3589277A (en) * 1968-12-23 1971-06-29 Automatic Refuse Systems Inc Compactor equipment
USRE29774E (en) * 1970-10-15 1978-09-19 Rhone-Poulenc-Textile Elongated textile product
US4224780A (en) * 1977-08-12 1980-09-30 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Process and apparatus for compressing and packaging filament tows
US4492156A (en) * 1983-01-10 1985-01-08 John Zimmer Apparatus for compacting refuse
US4554868A (en) * 1983-01-12 1985-11-26 Zimmer John C Apparatus for compacting refuse with stabilizers

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US588168A (en) * 1897-08-17 Apparatus foe
US1083765A (en) * 1910-12-05 1914-01-06 William T Smith Cop-forming machine.
US1156210A (en) * 1914-05-07 1915-10-12 Charles Alfred Clark Silvering-machine.
US1380674A (en) * 1919-11-24 1921-06-07 Joseph Nathan And Company Ltd Machine for compressing and packing commodities
US1490350A (en) * 1923-06-15 1924-04-15 David H Stroud Packing apparatus
GB334107A (en) * 1928-10-26 1930-08-28 Joseph Fages Improvements in machines for dividing up material in the form of fleece or lap
US1887626A (en) * 1931-07-02 1932-11-15 American Glanzstoff Corp Hermetic container
US1937468A (en) * 1932-07-12 1933-11-28 Samson Cordage Works Wrapped article and method
GB525283A (en) * 1939-02-16 1940-08-26 Mackie & Sons Ltd J Improvements in and relating to the coiling and packing of sliver into cans
US2304260A (en) * 1938-11-17 1942-12-08 Ernest G Keller Apparatus for packing containers with yarn
US2412089A (en) * 1943-09-16 1946-12-03 Thomas C Kelly Bottle wadding machine and method
US2619272A (en) * 1950-12-06 1952-11-25 Cardwell Machine Company Inc Apparatus for feeding and packing loose material
US2707806A (en) * 1951-01-30 1955-05-10 Pacific Mills Process and apparatus for making fiber packages

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US588168A (en) * 1897-08-17 Apparatus foe
US1083765A (en) * 1910-12-05 1914-01-06 William T Smith Cop-forming machine.
US1156210A (en) * 1914-05-07 1915-10-12 Charles Alfred Clark Silvering-machine.
US1380674A (en) * 1919-11-24 1921-06-07 Joseph Nathan And Company Ltd Machine for compressing and packing commodities
US1490350A (en) * 1923-06-15 1924-04-15 David H Stroud Packing apparatus
GB334107A (en) * 1928-10-26 1930-08-28 Joseph Fages Improvements in machines for dividing up material in the form of fleece or lap
US1887626A (en) * 1931-07-02 1932-11-15 American Glanzstoff Corp Hermetic container
US1937468A (en) * 1932-07-12 1933-11-28 Samson Cordage Works Wrapped article and method
US2304260A (en) * 1938-11-17 1942-12-08 Ernest G Keller Apparatus for packing containers with yarn
GB525283A (en) * 1939-02-16 1940-08-26 Mackie & Sons Ltd J Improvements in and relating to the coiling and packing of sliver into cans
US2412089A (en) * 1943-09-16 1946-12-03 Thomas C Kelly Bottle wadding machine and method
US2619272A (en) * 1950-12-06 1952-11-25 Cardwell Machine Company Inc Apparatus for feeding and packing loose material
US2707806A (en) * 1951-01-30 1955-05-10 Pacific Mills Process and apparatus for making fiber packages

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2984957A (en) * 1959-05-11 1961-05-23 Lundgren Gunnar Plant for collecting rubbish from rubbish-chutes in open containers
US3120893A (en) * 1961-06-19 1964-02-11 Eastman Kodak Co Tow bale
US3206021A (en) * 1961-06-19 1965-09-14 Eastman Kodak Co Tow bale
US3119212A (en) * 1961-11-14 1964-01-28 American Cyanamid Co Tow packaging
US3589277A (en) * 1968-12-23 1971-06-29 Automatic Refuse Systems Inc Compactor equipment
USRE29774E (en) * 1970-10-15 1978-09-19 Rhone-Poulenc-Textile Elongated textile product
US4224780A (en) * 1977-08-12 1980-09-30 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Process and apparatus for compressing and packaging filament tows
US4492156A (en) * 1983-01-10 1985-01-08 John Zimmer Apparatus for compacting refuse
US4554868A (en) * 1983-01-12 1985-11-26 Zimmer John C Apparatus for compacting refuse with stabilizers

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