US2794964A - Electric wire connector - Google Patents

Electric wire connector Download PDF

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Publication number
US2794964A
US2794964A US29432352A US2794964A US 2794964 A US2794964 A US 2794964A US 29432352 A US29432352 A US 29432352A US 2794964 A US2794964 A US 2794964A
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Prior art keywords
ferrule
wire
connector
stop
end
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Norman E Hoffman
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AMP Inc
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AMP Inc
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RLINE CONNECTORS; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R4/00Electrically-conductive connections between two or more conductive members in direct contact and means for effecting or maintaining such contact
    • H01R4/10Electrically-conductive connections between two or more conductive members in direct contact and means for effecting or maintaining such contact effected solely by twisting, wrapping, bending, crimping, or other permanent deformation
    • H01R4/18Electrically-conductive connections between two or more conductive members in direct contact and means for effecting or maintaining such contact effected solely by twisting, wrapping, bending, crimping, or other permanent deformation by crimping
    • H01R4/20Electrically-conductive connections between two or more conductive members in direct contact and means for effecting or maintaining such contact effected solely by twisting, wrapping, bending, crimping, or other permanent deformation by crimping using a crimping sleeve
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S439/00Electrical connectors
    • Y10S439/948Contact or connector with insertion depth limiter

Description

June 4, 1957 N. E. HOFFMAN ELECTRIC WIRE CONNECTOR Filed June 19, 1952 INVENTOR Norman, E. Hoffman BY W m MJW ATTOR Y5 electric conductors.

.must be overcome.

nited States PatentC ELECTRIC W IRE CGNNECTOR NormaniE. Hoffman, Rutherford-Heig assignor to AMP Incorporated Application June 19., 1952, 'Serial No. 294,323

Qzfilaims. (o1. area-27a This .inyen-tien; relates to connectors of the type that are fastened-:hyfsoldering or otherwise to the :ends of More particularly, it relates to means torpositioningthe end of the wire in the .ferrule of a; terminal DlyCQHIlQClIQI and to methods of making the positioning means.

7 an electrical conductor, stripped of its insulation, inserted into a.barrel type oonnector :ferrule by a machine r by hand operation, some means must be provided for positioning the end of the wire at the end of the-ferrule. If the wire is not pushed farenough into the ferrule, the current-carrying capacity of the connector will bedecreased; if it is pushed too far into the ferrule the protnudingyend of the wire may interfere with the terminal portion of :the connector. For example, if the end portion--of the connector isfla spade lug the protruding -wire=w.ould prevent the connector from being placed around a screw or binding post. If the connector .is of the typeused for connecting together the ends of two electrical conductors, each of the wires mus-t be positioned correctlyior the current-carrying ability of the connector will be reduced. This stop means can. be built into each of the connectors or, if automatic machinery is used for applying the connectors, the machine can :be constructed to position the wire and connector precisely in the correct relationship. However, the positioning is accomplished much ;more readily and with greater assurance that the wire will be positioned exactly in the right place in each connector .ifthe stop meansis built into the connector.

Therearc, however, a number, of difficulties which in the first place, the arrangement must add sotlittle to the cost of aconnector, that-the price does not become prohibitive in applications where hundreds of thousands .of-terminals are used. Any arrangement, that increases appreciably the cost of the connector-is no solution at all to this problem. Thus, in connectors of this type, the attachment-of a plug or other external device to the end of the ferrule is prohibited by cost considerations alone.

In addition, the stop .means must not result inyweakening; the mechanical strength of the connector. Thus, longitudinal cuts into .or along the body of the ferrule are undesirable. Thegconstruction .of the :stop also should not decrease the minimum current-carrying cross section of the connector or decrease the heat-radiating surface of the ferrule. Iniaddition, the .stopmust have sufficient strength to withstand the force of the wire. Thus, in connector-applying machines, it is necessary to .force "the wire into the connector barrel with sufficient force to make sure that the movement of the wire is not stopped by an irregularity or indentation in the barrel. Thus, with many types of connectors the. thin metal of the barrel would not provide sufficient strength where the operation ,of the .stop means depends upon the resistance to bending forces applied to the ferrule. metal in .-a direction parallel to thethickness of the metal.

The present invention provides; a connector wire-stop Patented June 4, 1957 that .is :particularly :low .in cost rand whichmeets. all :of the requirements set forth above. In a .preferred embodiment of the invention as incorporated in a terminal'hav- .ing a barre1-.shaped:fe1rule portion the wire-stoplis formed by the following series of steps: A transverse semicircular cut is made in the ferrule near the terminalend of the connector. The relatively narrow semi-circular strip of metal defined by this cut is then curled inwardly to form two generally -U-shaped oppositely-disposed portions extending across and blocking the wirereceiving opening through the ferrule. The stopmembermay be vcut cross-wise .near its midpoint to form two spaced wire-stop members extending inwardly from each side: ofrthe ferrule.

The ,principlesand details of construction of this; particular embodiment and other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from :the following description considered in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

.Figure 1 is a perspective view of a terminal having .a connecting tongue and .a barrel-shaped ferrule;

Figure 2 shows the same-terminal after the formation of a wire-stop on the end of the connector and .ready .to 'be placed on the end of a piece of wire;

Figure vZrshows the same terminal with .crimpcd to the wire;

.Figure 4shows another wire :stop formed .of a continuous portion of the ferrule extending from one side of :the ferrule to :the other; and

Figure .5 isa perspective view of a connector for coupling two piecesof wiretcgether .and having a centrallyits ferrule I positioned wire stop.

The terminal shown in Figure .1 is .of conventional construction andmay be formed from flat sheet metal. After being .cut .to shape, the metal :ispunched to form the tongue, generally indicated at 2, and ferrule 4 is formed by .rolling the metal upwardly and positioning the edges of the metal in abutting relationship as indicated by the longitudinal :searn 6.

.In .order .to .form the wire-stop, ,a cut is made .in the ferrule 4, for example along the path .as indicated by the broken line .8. This .cut is transverse to the longitudinal axis of the ferrule and extends about half-way around the ferrule. This cut in the metal of the .ferrule can be ,made eitherbefore .or after the .metal is rolled up to form the .barrehshaped .ferrule 4.

Themetal of the .ferrule 4, defined .by .the .end of the ferrule and the .cut .8,now comprises two strips 10 and .12 each joined integrally with the ferrule .and with their endsabutt'ing. Each of these strips .is then bent inwardly by curling its free end downwardly across the face of the ferrule opening into the shape shown in Figure .2.

The cut 8 whichwas made in order to form the stop members 10 and 12 is made .a distance fromthe end of the ferrule somewhat greater than the thickness of the metalof the ferrule. By thismeans, the stop members may be made as strong as necessary for the particular use,

the force which they are required to resist being in a direction .parallel with the width of these strips 10 and 12. Where the metal :of the .ferrule is sufliciently thick, or resistant to bending, the cut -8 may be made nearer the end of the ferrule and yet provide stop members of sufficient strength.

If desired, the terminal maybe brazedor soldered along the junction line 6, but if this is done it is best to do it after the formation of the stop members 10 and L2 as this makes it unnecessary to cut the stop members 10 and 12 apart.

The curlediu-shaped stop members wand 12 as shown in Figure .2- .arelto be preferred to linear stop-members, for example. extending radially inwardly ot the ferrule,

because they provide a larger abutting surface for the end of the wire, as best shown in Figure 3. When stranded wire is used, as shown by wire 14,this eliminates the possibility of the stop members spreading and penetrating between the strands.

The terminal is assembled in the usual manner as shown in Figure 3, the wire 14 being inserted into the ferrule until its further movement is prevented by the stop members 10 and 12. The ferrule is then fastened to the wire in any desired manner, as by crimping, soldering, etc.

Figure shows a wire stop arrangement in which the ferrule strip defined by the cut 8a is continuous and not cut cross-wise near its mid-point. Thus, the wire-stop is formed of two portions A and 12A which are continuous and extend between opposite sides of the ferrule across the end opening. The shape of each portion 10A and 12A is curved as are the members 10 and 12 of Fig tires 1 to 3 so that sufficient abutting area is provided for the end of the wire.

Itwill be apparent that a tongue 2, as shown in Figures 1 to ,3, or any other connecting means can be formed integrally with or attached to the ferrule 4A. The fer rule can be formed of seamless tubing or it may be brazed along the, top, as in Figures 1 to 3, or along any other portion of its periphery ltwill be noted that because the cut 8 is made before the wire stop is bent inwardly, it resultsin leaving a forrule portion that is cylindrical throughout its length. Thus, the wire is not impeded inits movement through the entire length of the ferrule. This result would not be achieved by merely bendinginwardly a portion of the ferrule without first severing it from the ferrule.

The connector shown in Figure 5 is for the purpose of connecting two pieces of, wire in end-to-end relationship. In order to prevent one of the wiresv from being pushed too far into the connector so that the other one cannot be pushed in far enough, two stop members 108 and 12B are provided at the center of the connector. These stop members are formed by making two spaced semi-circular cuts near the center of the connector, each centered on the longitudinal slit or seam 6B. These two in said ferrule portion by a wire stop comprising the steps of cutting a slit in said ferrule near one end thereof transversely of the longitudinal axis of said ferrule and extending about half-way around its periphery, forming two metal strips defined by said out and said one end of the ferrule portion and curling the ends of the strips formed thereby inwardly to extend substantially across the opening through said ferrule so as to form two wire-stop members.

2. In an electrical connector, a tubular ferrule portion having a longitudinal opening adapted for receiving and making electrical connection with a piece of wire, and at least one stop member integral at its base with said fera rule, the opposite end of said member being free and ex tending transversely. across and blocking the face of the longitudinal opening of said ferrule portion, the crosssection of said stop member being substantially rectangular throughout its length, the longest dimensions of said rectangular cross-section being substantially parallel with the longitudinal axis of said ferrule portion throughout the length of the stop member, said stop member being adapted to abut the end of a wire inserted into said longistop members 10B and 12Bare then curled inwardly as described in connection with Figure 2. The stop members can be curled by any suitable means. One of the best ways is by use of appropriate die stages in a multiple stage die.

it is not necessary to form two wire stop members and a single continuous segment of the ferrule may be partially separated from the ferrule and then indented to extend partially across the opening. Such an arrangement is particularly desirable on ferrules which are rolled and brazed along their entire length. Thus, the ferrule shown in Figure 5 may be slit as shown and indented inwardly by applying a downward force to the resulting wire stop member on the brazing line 6 in the manner indicated in Figure 4. The strip defined by the slits is then continuous across the opening of the ferrule.

From the foregoing, it will be apparent that the connectors embodying my invention are well-adapted for the attainment of the ends and objects set forth above, the construction being economical of material and requiring a minimum number of operations. The connectors require no additional material; and the minimum currentcarrying cross sections and the heat-radiating surface are not altered significantly by the fabrication of the stop members. It will be apparent also that the sequences and series, of steps of my new methodare such that they can, be performed rapidly and economically by means of conventional apparatus and techniques.

I claim:

1. In the manufacture of a connector having at least one tubular ferrule portion with an opening therein adapt- ,ed to receive a wire, the method of blocking the opening tudinal opening.

3. An electrical connector comprising a tubular metal ferrule portion having a longitudinal opening therein for receiving and making electrical connection to a conductor, said ferrule portion having a longitudinal seam therein along one side, said ferrule having a cut transverse to its longitudinal axis intersecting said seam and extending about half-way aroundthe ferrule, said out extending about equal distances on either side of said seam to form two metal strips with these bases integral with said ferrule on opposite sides of said scam, the ends of said strips being curled inwardly across and blocking the opening through said ferrule.

4. A connector for application by crimping to the end of an electrical conductor comprising a tubular metal ferrule for receiving and making connection to the end of the conductor and a stop member comprising a curved metal strip extending across one end opening of said ferrule, said member being integral at each end with said ferrule, and assuming near each end a curvature equal to and coincident with the curvature of said ferrule portion, said stop member being rectangular in cross-section, the longest dimensions of said rectangular cross-section extending in the lengthwise direction of said ferrule.

5. In the manufacture of an electrical connector having a tubular ferrule portion with an opening therein adapted to receive a wire, the method of blocking the wire-receiv ing opening in said ferrule portion by wire stop comprising the steps of cutting one slit through a part only of the circumference of said ferrule transversely of the longitudinal axis of said ferrule, cutting a second slit parallel to and longitudinally spaced from said first slit leaving a severed strip integral at its base with said ferrule, bending said strip inwardly across and substantially blocking the opening through said ferrule while leaving the remaining part of the tubular ferrule undeformed.

6. The method of claim 5 wherein the central portion of the metal strip is bent inwardly by radially depressing an intermediate section of it to curl it inwardly across the opening in the ferrule.

7. An electrical connector adapted to be pressure forged onto an electrical conductor comprising a tubular metal ferrule defining an aperture for receiving a wire, a wire stop means within the ferrule for locating the wire, said means comprising an inwardly extending, longitudinal section of the ferrule, substantially blocking the aperture whereby the Wire may be inserted into the ferrule until it abuts said inwardly extending section, in which position it is properly located within the ferrule.

8. The connector as set forth in claim7 wherein the inwardly extending section is located between one end of the ferrule and a partially slit portion of said ferrule, said slit extending between the inwardly extending section and the rest of the ferrule and the plane of the slit intersecting the longitudinal axis of the mane.

9. The connector as set forth in claini 7 wherein the inwardly extending section is located between a pair of slits in the ferrule, the plane of each slit intersecting the longitudinal axis of the ferrule.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 6 Darnell Apr. 16, 1940 Holloperter et al. July 29, 1942 Abeel Jan. 26, 1943 Martines Oct. 4, 1949 Macy June 13, 1950 Freedom Dec. 19, 19 50 Uline Aug. 7, 1951 Macy June 10, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS Great Britain 1 Apr. 14, 1937

US2794964A 1952-06-19 1952-06-19 Electric wire connector Expired - Lifetime US2794964A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3167376A (en) * 1961-12-15 1965-01-26 United Carr Fastener Corp Electrical connector
US3178676A (en) * 1962-09-28 1965-04-13 Burndy Corp Pin contact
US3233208A (en) * 1963-09-06 1966-02-01 Elco Corp Contact for direct reception of printed circuit board
US3286223A (en) * 1964-05-18 1966-11-15 Itt Ferrule construction and a method for producing same
US3339719A (en) * 1965-10-12 1967-09-05 Thomas & Betts Co Inc Terminal tape
DE1279161B (en) * 1957-06-20 1968-10-03 Amp Inc A method for pressing an electrical connection terminal
US3963302A (en) * 1974-03-18 1976-06-15 Litton Systems, Inc. Electrical crimp removable socket contact
US4330168A (en) * 1979-06-28 1982-05-18 International Telephone And Telegraph Corporation Electrical contact and method of making same
US4863391A (en) * 1987-06-25 1989-09-05 Yazaki Corporation Contact terminal for high voltage resistor wire
US6402543B1 (en) * 1999-03-29 2002-06-11 Yazaki Corporation Terminal, and connection structure of terminal and electric wire
US20060057904A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-03-16 Yazaki Corporation Jointing sleeve component and joint electric wire
US20070224891A1 (en) * 2006-03-24 2007-09-27 K.S. Terminals, Inc. Connector and method for manufacturing and connecting wire
US20130188297A1 (en) * 2012-01-24 2013-07-25 Michael J. Ranta Neutral bus for a neutral bar and electrical distribution panel including the same
US20140199869A1 (en) * 2013-01-17 2014-07-17 Joseph Michael Manahan Reduced temperature rise of electrical connectors
US9553389B2 (en) 2013-01-17 2017-01-24 Cooper Technologies Company Active cooling of electrical connectors

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US918501A (en) * 1907-10-15 1909-04-20 George W Bolton Jr Conductor.
US1255037A (en) * 1917-07-10 1918-01-29 Bernard H Oestricher Lead-wire terminal.
GB464269A (en) * 1936-04-01 1937-04-14 Ernst Kleinmann Improvements in electrical contact sockets and in the manufacture thereof
US2197578A (en) * 1939-01-06 1940-04-16 Mary A Darnell Structural toy
US2291434A (en) * 1940-10-30 1942-07-28 Orville C Hollopeter Connector and loading coil for electric conductors
US2309563A (en) * 1940-02-26 1943-01-26 Aerovox Corp Electrolytic cell
US2483424A (en) * 1947-03-31 1949-10-04 Electric Terminal Corp Method of soldering terminals for electrical conductors
US2511806A (en) * 1950-06-13 Electrical connector
US2535013A (en) * 1946-03-20 1950-12-19 Aircraft Marine Prod Inc Electrical connector
US2563761A (en) * 1945-09-20 1951-08-07 Bendix Aviat Corp Socket connector having an indented solder wall
US2600012A (en) * 1946-06-27 1952-06-10 Aircraft Marine Prod Inc Electrical connector

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2511806A (en) * 1950-06-13 Electrical connector
US918501A (en) * 1907-10-15 1909-04-20 George W Bolton Jr Conductor.
US1255037A (en) * 1917-07-10 1918-01-29 Bernard H Oestricher Lead-wire terminal.
GB464269A (en) * 1936-04-01 1937-04-14 Ernst Kleinmann Improvements in electrical contact sockets and in the manufacture thereof
US2197578A (en) * 1939-01-06 1940-04-16 Mary A Darnell Structural toy
US2309563A (en) * 1940-02-26 1943-01-26 Aerovox Corp Electrolytic cell
US2291434A (en) * 1940-10-30 1942-07-28 Orville C Hollopeter Connector and loading coil for electric conductors
US2563761A (en) * 1945-09-20 1951-08-07 Bendix Aviat Corp Socket connector having an indented solder wall
US2535013A (en) * 1946-03-20 1950-12-19 Aircraft Marine Prod Inc Electrical connector
US2600012A (en) * 1946-06-27 1952-06-10 Aircraft Marine Prod Inc Electrical connector
US2483424A (en) * 1947-03-31 1949-10-04 Electric Terminal Corp Method of soldering terminals for electrical conductors

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1279161B (en) * 1957-06-20 1968-10-03 Amp Inc A method for pressing an electrical connection terminal
US3167376A (en) * 1961-12-15 1965-01-26 United Carr Fastener Corp Electrical connector
US3178676A (en) * 1962-09-28 1965-04-13 Burndy Corp Pin contact
US3233208A (en) * 1963-09-06 1966-02-01 Elco Corp Contact for direct reception of printed circuit board
US3286223A (en) * 1964-05-18 1966-11-15 Itt Ferrule construction and a method for producing same
US3339719A (en) * 1965-10-12 1967-09-05 Thomas & Betts Co Inc Terminal tape
US3963302A (en) * 1974-03-18 1976-06-15 Litton Systems, Inc. Electrical crimp removable socket contact
US4330168A (en) * 1979-06-28 1982-05-18 International Telephone And Telegraph Corporation Electrical contact and method of making same
US4863391A (en) * 1987-06-25 1989-09-05 Yazaki Corporation Contact terminal for high voltage resistor wire
US6402543B1 (en) * 1999-03-29 2002-06-11 Yazaki Corporation Terminal, and connection structure of terminal and electric wire
US20060057904A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-03-16 Yazaki Corporation Jointing sleeve component and joint electric wire
US7077712B2 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-07-18 Yazaki Corporation Jointing sleeve component and joint electric wire
US20070224891A1 (en) * 2006-03-24 2007-09-27 K.S. Terminals, Inc. Connector and method for manufacturing and connecting wire
US7364478B2 (en) * 2006-03-24 2008-04-29 K.S. Terminals, Inc. Connector and method for manufacturing and connecting wire
US20130188297A1 (en) * 2012-01-24 2013-07-25 Michael J. Ranta Neutral bus for a neutral bar and electrical distribution panel including the same
US20140199869A1 (en) * 2013-01-17 2014-07-17 Joseph Michael Manahan Reduced temperature rise of electrical connectors
US9093764B2 (en) * 2013-01-17 2015-07-28 Cooper Technologies Company Electrical connectors with force increase features
US9553389B2 (en) 2013-01-17 2017-01-24 Cooper Technologies Company Active cooling of electrical connectors

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