US2792698A - Elastic form fitting undergarment - Google Patents

Elastic form fitting undergarment Download PDF

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Publication number
US2792698A
US2792698A US44842354A US2792698A US 2792698 A US2792698 A US 2792698A US 44842354 A US44842354 A US 44842354A US 2792698 A US2792698 A US 2792698A
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Prior art keywords
garment
portion
yarn
portions
form fitting
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Charles W Hampp
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Alba Hosiery Mills Inc
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41BSHIRTS; UNDERWEAR; BABY LINEN; HANDKERCHIEFS
    • A41B9/00Undergarments
    • A41B9/04Knickers for ladies, with or without inserted crotch or seat parts

Description

May 21, 1957 c. w. HAMPP 7 2,792,693

ELASTIC FORM FITTING UNDERGARMENT Filed Aug. 9, 1954- 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 &

Fig.

Charles M. Hampp INVENTOR.

BY W

May 21, 1957 C. W. HAMPP ELASTIC FORM FITTING UNDERGARMENT 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 9, 1954 wtotum \B 5 .wEQ tQQSQ at. 82:23:

Charles W. Hampp INVENTOR.

United State ELASTIC FORM FITTING UNDERGARMENT Charles W. 'Hampp, Easton, Md., assignor, by direct and mesne assignments, to Alba Hosiery Mills, Inc., a corporation of Delaware Application August 9, 1954, Serial No. 448,423

1 Claim. (Cl. 66-177) This 'invention comprises novel and useful improvements in an elastic form fitting undergarments, and more specifically relates to a ladies panty having improved form fitting properties,'together with a greatly lengthened life during use and washing, together with a novel method for constructing the same,

The principal object of this invention is to provide a novel ladies panty or similar article having improved form fitting characteristics, together with an inherent resiliency whereby the article may comfortably conform to the body of persons of different sizes; together with an improved method for manufacturing such garment.

Another object of the invention is to provide a form fitting undergarment in accordance with the preceding object which shall be fabricated from a suitable synthetic yarn having unusual longitudinal resiliency, whereby the disadvantages normally inherent in the conventional use of rubber or rubber covered yarns for such garments will be obviated.

Another important object of the invention is to create an undergarment in accordance with the foregoing objects wherein a predetermined controlled degree of resiliency may be imparted to the garment and uniformly throughout the extent of the same during the manufacture of a garment.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide a method of fabricating form fitting undergarments of the type set forth in the preceding object whereby controlled variations in the method of forming the article will produce the desired degree of resiliency therein.

A still further important object of the invention is to provide a form fitting undergarment as set forth in the foregoing objects which shall be constructed entirely from a synthetic yarn having exceptional maximum resiliency for longitudinal extension of the same in order that the garment shall be uniformly resilient in all directions and portions.

An additional object is to provide an undergarment as set forth hereinbe-fore and in. which certain portions of the garment, such as the portions adjacent the leg openings or the crotch shall be stiffened to provide a greater resistance to stretching than the main or body portion of the garment.

A still further object of the invention is to: provide an improved undergarment in compliance with the preceding objects which shall be capable of economic production upon conventional full fashioned knitting machines to thus provide an economical method of fabricating the garment as well as an additional and very important use for such conventional machinery.

These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:

Figure l is a plan or development view of a knitted panel or blank forming the frontportion of the iniproved undergarment;

Figure 2 is a plan or development View of a knitted 2,792,698 Patented May 21, 1957 fabric or panel forming the back portion of an undergarment in accordance with this invention;

Figure 3 is a perspective view of one embodiment of a completed undergarment in accordance with this invention;

Figure 4 is a somewhat diagrammatic view illustrating the uniform resiliency or stretch of the garmet in all directions; and

Figure 5 is a further diagrammatic view illustrating the extraordinary tensile elasticity of a particular type of synthetic yarn from which the article is fabricated.

The essential and underlying purpose of this invention is to produce articles such as a ladies panty by knitting upon a conventional full fashioned knitting machine a panty from a yarn of a particular material whereby extraordinary elasticity is imparted to the garment to enable the same to adapt itself to numerous sizes of persons and to be worn with considerably greater comfort and to possess a longer life than is customary for garments of thisnature. In the embodiment illustratedin the drawings, the panty indicated generally by the numeral 10, as shown in Figure 3, includes a waist band portion 12, front and rear portions 14 and 16, which at two adjacent ends are secured together to form a crotch portion 18, contiguous to which are leg openings 20.

At the outset, it'is desired to emphasize that the principles upon which this invention is based are not obtainable by the use of conventional yarns commonly employed by the industry; and not until the recent production of a yarn of exceptional tensile elasticity and strength could the requisite properties be secured in such an article. At the present time, a newly developed synthetic nylon yarn, known as Helanca nylon yarn, processed by the Duplan Corporation, has become available. This yarn has the exceptional property of elasticity which enables it to be resiliently elongated more than twice its normal untensioned length without damage or permanent deformation. To my knowledge, this is the only suitable material now known capable of satisfying the demands of this invention.

Turning now more specifically to Figures 1 and 2, it will be seen that the front and rear portions 14 and 16 are very similar to each other in appearance. Each includes as its upper portion the section 12 forming the waist band, which is connected to the body or middle portions 22 and 24 of the portions 14 and 16, respectively, by a laterally enlarged connecting portion 26 and 28. Below the body portions 14 and 16, towards their lower ends, the front and back portions have lowered tapered portions 36 and 32, each of which terminates in a bottom edge 34 and 36. In the front portion, this lower tapered portion has concaved downwardly converging edges 38 which form the edges of the leg openings 20 of the completed garment. The back portion, which throughout its length is about two inches wider than the front portion, in order to allow more fullness for the rear portion of the under-garment, preferably has substantially straight, downwardly convering edges 40 which cooperate with the edges 38 to form the leg openings 20 in the completed garment. The edges 34 and 36 are fastened together, as by a looper along a seam 42 whereby the portions adjacent thereto form the crotch 18 of the garment.

It will usually be found desirable to form the two front and rear panels as above mentioned separately and then to secure them together to make a single garment, as by the vertical seams 44 which may beelfected by a conventional sewing operation, and by securing: thetwo edges 34 and 36 together upon the seam 42. It is, of course, apparent that the complete article may be fabricated by other conventional operations. 1

In order to provide stiffness and a greater resistance to stretching of the waistband 12, it is preferred to'form the .duced portions 30 and 32.

without permanent damage.

latter of a doubled thickness of material, as by folding the upper portion of the same downwardly over the lower portion and then sewing or otherwise securing the down folded edge, thus providing a doubled thickness of mate- .rial and therefore an increased resistance tostretching.

In order to provide a desired increased resistance to stretching to the crotch and leg portions of the garment, the rear portion 16 has its reduced portion 32 provided With-a zone of thickened material, as at 46, this zone extending through any desired length of the converging edge 40 and being from one-half to three-quarters of an 'inch in width. Preferably, this strengthened zone is formed as by incorporating reinforcing or splicing yarn .is provided with a strengthened zone 48 and 50 which likewise may be created by the use of reinforcing or splicing yarn in the fabric in the same manner as the stiffening zones 46.

Although it may be possible to fabricate the garment in various methods, it is deemed preferable for the purposes of this invention to construct the same by knitting upon conventional full fashioned knitting machines. The

machine for this purpose is adjusted in its operation in a known manner in order to knit the two panels 14 and 1-6, the waist band portion 12 being first knitted, thereafter the body portions 14 and 16, and finally, the re- During the knitting of the latter portion, the additional yarn is knitted into the .selvage edges 41) of the reduced portion 32 of the rear panel 16 and the additional yarn is also knitted into the crotch portions 48 and 50 of the two panels. Thereafter, the two edges 34 and 36 are seamed together upon a looper to form the seam 42, and the two portions 14 and 16 are then seamed by the seam 44, the waist band 12 being turned down upon itself with its downturned edge being also secured to the portions 14 and 16. The garment is then ready for the customary finishing operations common to knitted articles of this character, as for example, dyeing, boarding and the like.

It will be noted that the portion 50 extends downwardly a slightly greater distance than the portion 48 in order to provide the necessary increased material from which to fashion the crotch 18.

The material suitable for use in fabricating this garment is a synthetic yarn, recently developed and now becoming available upon the market under the name of Helanca nylon yarn, manufactured by the Duplan Corporation. As diagrammatically indicated in Figure 5,

' this yarn has phenomenal tensile elasticity, an untensioned portion 60 of the yarn being capable of longitudinal stretching or extension, as indicated by the dotted lines 62, to a position more than twice its original length, and

This yarn is of a size capable of being handled by conventional knitting machines, and therefore, to my knowledge, is the only satisfactory material for carrying out the purposes of this invention. When the garment is fabricated from this material, it possesses unusual properties of stretching. Thus, as diagrammatically depicted in Figure 4, the waist band 12 may be stretched from a normal untensioned circumference of 16%" to 44", while the hip portion, will stretch from 18" to 52". Moreover, this stretch is uniform in all directions throughout the garment, thus assuring a snug fit of the garment to users having various body measurements.

It is to be especially noted that the use of this material results in a garment which eliminates the customary binding of the edges of the leg openings upon the legs of the wearer, since the nylon yarn will stretch uniformly throughout the leg portion of the garment and thus cause the same to snugly fit and engage the legs and will minimize any tendency of the crotch of the garment to creep upwardly about the wearer. Thus, a much more comfortable garment is assured and one which snugly and comfortably stretches to provide a comfortable and satisfactory engagement with the wearer. Moreover, the life of the present garment is increased greatly over that of previous garments in the ability of the synthetic nylon yarn to Withstand wear and washing without deterioration, such as accompanies the wearing of the heretofore necessary rubber cords or rubber covered cords forming the elastic portions of previous garments.

I desire also to particularly note that the yarn is knitted into the fabric of the garment in a normal manner and without the necessity of providing excess material which must be gathered together to provide the elastic action commonly necessary heretofore. In my garment, it is the material itself which stretches to provide the phenomenal adaptability of the garment to persons having different measurements.

However, it is an important feature of the process 0 manufacturing this article and of the article itself, that the limits of stretching can be readily controlled in a process of knitting. For this purpose, the yarn may be maintained at any desired adjusted tension during the knitting operation to thus pretension the same and thus limit the additional stretch which can be secured from the garment during use. This provides a ready means, therefore, for pretensioning or controlling the maximum stretch of the garment, as desired.

It is further to be noted that in the garment as manufactured in accordance with this invention, no cutting is necessary in order to prepare the front and rear portions for assembly since these portions are themselves knitted to the exact size required in the conventional knitting machine. Thus, the manufacture of the garment is rendered still easier and less expensive than in conventional practice.

From the foregoing, the construction and operation of the device will be readily understood and further explanation is believed to be unnecessary. However, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction shown and described, and accordingly, all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the appended claim.

What is claimed as new is as follows:

A full fashioned panty made from two fashioned blanks and having a two ply, downwardly turned Waistband, a front body portion, a rear body portion and a crotch por-i tion between and mainly of loss width than the body portions, and being knitted from highly stretchable synthetic yarn, at least one of said portions having reinforcing yarn incorporated in at least one area thereof, the side edges of one body portion being secured to the side edges of the other body portion and the side edges of the crotch portion defining leg openings of the panty and the plies of the waistband being secured together at the bottom of the band.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 411,113 Templeman Sept. 17, 1889 416,615 Holmes Dec. 3, 1889 416,617 Holmes Dec. 3, 1889 475,734 Sutton May 24, 1892 2,249,198 Carter July 15, 1941 2,349,746 Morris et al. May 23, 1944 2,555,974 Kattermann June 5, 1951 2,653,463 Crimmins Sept. 29, 1953 2,679,739 Brooks June 1, 1954 2,706,389 Garrou et a1 Apr. 19, 1955 2,747,391 Burkey May 29, 1956

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2854669A (en) * 1956-04-06 1958-10-07 Franklin Sweater Mills Inc Knitted stretch swim trunks and bathing suits
US2898754A (en) * 1957-01-14 1959-08-11 Harms Hosiery Co Inc Garment and method of making
US2905947A (en) * 1955-10-21 1959-09-29 Boston Royal Petticoat Co Maternity panty
US3006175A (en) * 1958-05-05 1961-10-31 John E Morgan Patents Inc Underwear
US3026697A (en) * 1958-07-24 1962-03-27 Munsingwear Inc Undergarment
US3043123A (en) * 1958-09-08 1962-07-10 Triumph Hosiery Mills Inc Full-fashioned girdle and method of making same
US3178911A (en) * 1961-10-10 1965-04-20 Penn Dale Knitting Mills Inc Foundation garment
US3421513A (en) * 1966-11-28 1969-01-14 James H Landau Knitted garment
US4527403A (en) * 1984-08-06 1985-07-09 Hosiery Maufacturing Corp. Of Morganton Circular knit panty and method
US4984304A (en) * 1988-12-02 1991-01-15 Brown James G Undergarment
US5398346A (en) * 1992-07-22 1995-03-21 I. Appel Corporation Panty undergarment with stretch panels
US5611722A (en) * 1995-02-03 1997-03-18 Alba-Waldensian, Inc. Panty having knit-in buttock lift and separation
US5758367A (en) * 1996-02-01 1998-06-02 Torrent Lopez; Eva Lumbar protector with underpants incorporated
US5954564A (en) * 1995-05-25 1999-09-21 Warnaco, Inc. Undergarment with natural feeling buttock support
US6393621B1 (en) * 1998-11-09 2002-05-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Undergarment for use with an absorbent article
US20060264885A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-11-23 Carstens Jerry E System comprising thong-shaped holder and absorbent article
US20070106350A1 (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-05-10 Carstens Jerry E Body conforming textile holder and thermal article
US20080119815A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2008-05-22 Jerry Edward Carstens Diaper and absorbent article
US20080119814A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2008-05-22 Jerry Edward Carstens Diaper and absorbent article
US20090182298A1 (en) * 1999-06-15 2009-07-16 Uni-Charm Corporation Disposable diaper
US7789867B2 (en) 2006-11-22 2010-09-07 Rusl, Llc Diaper and absorbent article
US7803147B2 (en) 2006-11-22 2010-09-28 Rusl, Llc Diaper and absorbent article
US8099794B2 (en) 2005-12-19 2012-01-24 Rusl, Llc Body conforming textile holder for electronic device

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US411113A (en) * 1889-09-17 Straight knitting machine
US416615A (en) * 1889-12-03 Knitted supporter
US416617A (en) * 1889-12-03 Knitted pantaloons
US475734A (en) * 1892-05-24 Knit nether garment
US2249198A (en) * 1938-08-01 1941-07-15 Carter William Co Garment construction
US2349746A (en) * 1936-02-14 1944-05-23 Scott & Williams Inc Elastic top stocking
US2555974A (en) * 1950-06-16 1951-06-05 Swiss Knitting Company Elastic foundation garment
US2653463A (en) * 1949-09-10 1953-09-29 Cornelius A Crimmins Elastic rib knitted fabric
US2679739A (en) * 1953-08-04 1954-06-01 Belmont Throwing Company Knitted fabric having supertwisted variegated areas and method of manufacture
US2706389A (en) * 1953-11-05 1955-04-19 Pilot Full Fashion Mills Inc Full-fashioned panty and method
US2747391A (en) * 1954-03-18 1956-05-29 Burkey Underwear Company Garment

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US411113A (en) * 1889-09-17 Straight knitting machine
US416615A (en) * 1889-12-03 Knitted supporter
US416617A (en) * 1889-12-03 Knitted pantaloons
US475734A (en) * 1892-05-24 Knit nether garment
US2349746A (en) * 1936-02-14 1944-05-23 Scott & Williams Inc Elastic top stocking
US2249198A (en) * 1938-08-01 1941-07-15 Carter William Co Garment construction
US2653463A (en) * 1949-09-10 1953-09-29 Cornelius A Crimmins Elastic rib knitted fabric
US2555974A (en) * 1950-06-16 1951-06-05 Swiss Knitting Company Elastic foundation garment
US2679739A (en) * 1953-08-04 1954-06-01 Belmont Throwing Company Knitted fabric having supertwisted variegated areas and method of manufacture
US2706389A (en) * 1953-11-05 1955-04-19 Pilot Full Fashion Mills Inc Full-fashioned panty and method
US2747391A (en) * 1954-03-18 1956-05-29 Burkey Underwear Company Garment

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2905947A (en) * 1955-10-21 1959-09-29 Boston Royal Petticoat Co Maternity panty
US2854669A (en) * 1956-04-06 1958-10-07 Franklin Sweater Mills Inc Knitted stretch swim trunks and bathing suits
US2898754A (en) * 1957-01-14 1959-08-11 Harms Hosiery Co Inc Garment and method of making
US3006175A (en) * 1958-05-05 1961-10-31 John E Morgan Patents Inc Underwear
US3026697A (en) * 1958-07-24 1962-03-27 Munsingwear Inc Undergarment
US3043123A (en) * 1958-09-08 1962-07-10 Triumph Hosiery Mills Inc Full-fashioned girdle and method of making same
US3178911A (en) * 1961-10-10 1965-04-20 Penn Dale Knitting Mills Inc Foundation garment
US3421513A (en) * 1966-11-28 1969-01-14 James H Landau Knitted garment
US4527403A (en) * 1984-08-06 1985-07-09 Hosiery Maufacturing Corp. Of Morganton Circular knit panty and method
US4984304A (en) * 1988-12-02 1991-01-15 Brown James G Undergarment
US5398346A (en) * 1992-07-22 1995-03-21 I. Appel Corporation Panty undergarment with stretch panels
US5611722A (en) * 1995-02-03 1997-03-18 Alba-Waldensian, Inc. Panty having knit-in buttock lift and separation
US5954564A (en) * 1995-05-25 1999-09-21 Warnaco, Inc. Undergarment with natural feeling buttock support
US5758367A (en) * 1996-02-01 1998-06-02 Torrent Lopez; Eva Lumbar protector with underpants incorporated
US6393621B1 (en) * 1998-11-09 2002-05-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Undergarment for use with an absorbent article
US20090182298A1 (en) * 1999-06-15 2009-07-16 Uni-Charm Corporation Disposable diaper
US8212102B2 (en) 1999-06-15 2012-07-03 Uni-Charm Corporation Disposable diaper
US20110092945A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2011-04-21 Jerry Edward Carstens System comprising thong-shaped holder and absorbent article
US20060264885A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-11-23 Carstens Jerry E System comprising thong-shaped holder and absorbent article
US7867211B2 (en) 2005-05-23 2011-01-11 Rusl, Llc System comprising thong-shaped holder and absorbent article
US8454570B2 (en) 2005-05-23 2013-06-04 Rusl, Llc System comprising thong-shaped holder and absorbent article
US20070106242A1 (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-05-10 Carstens Jerry E Body conforming textile holder and absorbent article
US20070106350A1 (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-05-10 Carstens Jerry E Body conforming textile holder and thermal article
US20070102461A1 (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-05-10 Carstens Jerry E Body conforming textile holder for article
US7846145B2 (en) 2005-11-08 2010-12-07 Rusl, Llc Body conforming textile holder and absorbent article
US8099794B2 (en) 2005-12-19 2012-01-24 Rusl, Llc Body conforming textile holder for electronic device
US20080119815A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2008-05-22 Jerry Edward Carstens Diaper and absorbent article
US20100324525A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2010-12-23 Jerry Edward Carstens Diaper and absorbent article
US20100324522A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2010-12-23 Jerry Edward Carstens Diaper and absorbent article
US20100324526A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2010-12-23 Jerry Edward Carstens Diaper and absorbent article
US7803147B2 (en) 2006-11-22 2010-09-28 Rusl, Llc Diaper and absorbent article
US7789867B2 (en) 2006-11-22 2010-09-07 Rusl, Llc Diaper and absorbent article
US8172820B2 (en) 2006-11-22 2012-05-08 Rusl, Llc Diaper and absorbent article
US7785311B2 (en) 2006-11-22 2010-08-31 Rusl, Llc Diaper and absorbent article
US8262638B2 (en) 2006-11-22 2012-09-11 Rusl, Llc Diaper and absorbent article
US8348918B2 (en) * 2006-11-22 2013-01-08 Rusl, Llc Diaper and absorbent article
US20080119814A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2008-05-22 Jerry Edward Carstens Diaper and absorbent article

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