US2789410A - Alarm time-piece - Google Patents

Alarm time-piece Download PDF

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US2789410A
US2789410A US52534055A US2789410A US 2789410 A US2789410 A US 2789410A US 52534055 A US52534055 A US 52534055A US 2789410 A US2789410 A US 2789410A
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Prior art keywords
wheel
alarm
hour
lever
hammer
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Expired - Lifetime
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Bridevaux Georges
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TAVANNES WATCH CO SA
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TAVANNES WATCH CO SA
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04BMECHANICALLY-DRIVEN CLOCKS OR WATCHES; MECHANICAL PARTS OF CLOCKS OR WATCHES IN GENERAL; TIME PIECES USING THE POSITION OF THE SUN, MOON OR STARS
    • G04B23/00Arrangements producing acoustic signals at preselected times
    • G04B23/02Alarm clocks
    • G04B23/06Alarm clocks adjustable for several preselected times with automatic stopping of the signal

Description

April 23, 1957 G. BRIDEVAUX 2,789,410

ALARM TIME-PIECE Filed July 29, 1955 Mo r/ney United States Patent ALARM TIME-PIECE.

Georges Bridevaux, Tavannes, Switzerland, assignor to Tavannes Watch Co. S. A., Tavannes, Switzerland, a Swiss firm Application July 29, 1955, Serial No. 525,340 Claims priority, application Switzerland August 28, 1954 3 Claims. (Cl. 58-21.1)

My invention has for its object an alarm time-piece wherein the bell when released operates during a period limited to a fraction of the expansion of the barrel spring, said time-piece being of the type incorporating an hour wheel adapted to be shifted axially at a moment defined by the alarm wheel on which it rests.

According to my invention, said clock includes a rigid lever submitted to the action of a return spring and urging the hour wheel against "the alarm wheel, said lever locking during normal operation the hammer of the alarm bell mechanism, so as to release said hammer when the hour Wheel is shifted, said lever acting then through an intermediate device on a wheel forming part of the alarm gearing whereby said wheel is held against movement after a fraction of a revolution.

I have illustrated by way of example in accompanying drawings a portion of a time-piece incorporating one embodiment of my invention. In saiddrawings:

Fig. l is a plan view of said portion of a time-piece.

Fig. 2 is a cross section through the broken line 11-11 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a cross section through line IlI-III of a detail.

The alarm mechanism illustrated includes a barrel 1 the shaft of which is revolubly secured at 2 to the plate 3, a striking hammer 4 and a releasing lever 5.

As shown in Fig. 2, the hour wheel 6 on which is fitted the hour hand 6a slides over the spindle 7 of the centre wheel carrying the minute hand 7a. The alarm wheel 8 is revolubly carried by the same spindle 7 and controls the alarm hand 80. The hour wheel 6 carries two projections 9 and 10 provided with sloping surfaces cooperating with recesses 9a and 10a formed in the alarm wheel 8 so as to allow the hour wheel to be shifted axially With reference to the alarm wheel.

The releasing lever is pivotally secured to the plate 3 through the hinge constituted by two pivots 11 and 12 screwed into said plate and is subjected to the action of a return spring 13 (Fig. 3) which urges the lever down towards the plate and thereby the hour wheel against the alarm wheel. Said lever is provided with a lateral stop 21 and with a tail-piece 15 adapted to cooperate with a stud 16 on the striking hammer 4.

Between the stop 21 on the releasing lever 5 and a transmitting wheel or intermediate rotary gear 16' driven by the barrel is inserted an intermediate arrangement including a wheel 17 engaging said intermediate gear 16 and provided with an arcuate groove 18. A heartshaped cam 19 is fitted on the same spindle as the wheel 17 and underneath the latter. Said cam is provided with a pin 20 engaging the groove 18 with some clearance and furthermore with a conical projection 14 cooperating with the stop 21 on the lever. Said cam is subjected to the action of a return spring 22.

When the alarm mechanism is to be released through the progression of the watch hands, the projections 9 and on the hour wheel drop suddenly into the recesses 9a and 10a formed in the alarm wheel. The lever 5 which follows the axial movement of the hour wheel sinks, whereby its tailpiece 15 releases the stud 16 on the striking hammer 4 so as to allow said hammer to operate. The barrel produces the angular movement of the wheel 17 which drives the cam 19 through the agency of the pin 20 until the projection 14 on the cam engages the stop 21 on the lever and stops the alarm. The hour wheel continuing its rotation, the projections 9 and 10 thereon provided with sloping surfaces are released with reference to the recesses 9a and 10a whereby the hour wheel is axially shifted and returns slowly the lever 5 into its original position against the spring 13. The tail-piece 15 on said lever locks then the striking hammer and its stop 21 releases the projection 14 which allows the return spring 22 to make the cam progress and finish its rotary movement and thus return into its original position.

What I claim is:

1. In an alarm clock, the combination of a clockwork including an hour wheel, a spindle on which said hour wheel is axialy shiftable, an alarm mechanism including a spring barrel, an angularly adjustable alarm wheel mounted on the hour wheel spindle and longitudinally rigid therewith, the hour and alarm wheels being normally spaced from each other, a plate on which the spindle and spring barrel are revolubly mounted. hammer controlled by the spring barrel, a lever pivotally secured to said plate round an axis parallel with said plate, normally raised and engaging the hammer to hold same against operation and extending over the surface of the hour wheel opposed to the alarm wheel, one of the alarm and hour wheels being recessed on the surface facing the second wheel, projections on said second wheel adapted to register with the recesses in the recessed wheel for a predetermined angular setting of the hour wheel with reference to the adjusted angular position given to the alarm wheel, a spring urging the lever into a. depressed inoperative position in which it releases the hammer and shifts the hour and alarm wheels towards each other to make the projections on said second wheel enter the recesses in the recessed wheel whenever said wheels enter the above mentioned relative angular setting, an intermediate rotary gear driven into rotation by the spring barrel, a stop formed laterally on the pivoting lever and means engaged by said stop when the lever is in its depressed inoperative position to prevent the progression of the last mentioned gear and thereby the unwinding of the spring barrel and operation of the hammer after a predetermined angular movement of the said gear, the hour wheel when progressing beyond the above mentioned relative angular setting with reference to the alarm wheel returning into its original spaced location with reference to the alarm wheel through disengagement between the projections and recesses on the two wheels and thereby urging the lever back into its original raised hammer locking position.

2. In an alarm clock, the combination of a clock-work including an hour Wheel, a spindle on which said hour wheel is axially shiftable, an alarm mechanism including a spring barrel, an angularly adjustable alarm wheel mounted on the hour wheel spindle and longitudinally rigid therewith, the hour and alarm wheels being normally spaced from each other, a plate on which the spindle and spring barrel are revolubly mounted, a hammer controlled by the spring barrel, a lever pivctally secured to said plate round an axis parallel with said plate, normally raised and engaging the hammer to hold same against operation and extending over the surface of the hour wheel opposed to the alarm wheel, one of the alarm and hour wheels being recessed on the surface facing the second wheel, projections on said second wheel adapted to register with the recesses in the recessed wheel for a predetermined angular setting of the hour wheel with reference to the adjusted angular position given to the alarm wheel, a spring urging the lever into a de pressed inoperative position in which it releases the hammer and shifts the hour and alarm wheels towards each other to make the projections on said second wheel enter the recesses in the recessed Wheel whenever said wheels enter the above mentioned relative angular setting, an intermediate rotary gear driven into rotation by the spring barrel, a heart-shaped cam, means wherethrough the rotary gear drives said cam into rotation, at least one projection rigid with a point of the cam near its periphery, a lateral stop on the lever, adapted when the lever is in its depressed position, to enter the path of the projection on the cam after a predetermined angular movement of said cam under the action of the gear and to prevent the progression of the last mentioned gear and thereby the unwinding of the spring barrel and operation of the hammer after said predetermined angular movement of the said gear, the hour wheel when progressing beyond the above mentioned relative angular setting with references to the alarm wheel returning into its original spaced location with reference to the alarm wheel through disengagement between the projections and recesses on the two wheels and thereby urging the lever back into its original raised hammer locking position, and means urging the cam further in the direction of its previous rotation through a predetermined angle when the projection on said cam has been released by the 'lever upon return of the latter into its said original position.

3. In an alarm clock, the combination of a clockwork including an hour wheel, a spindle on which said hour wheel is axially shiftable, an alarm mechanism including a spring barrel, an angularly adjustable alarm wheel mounted on the hour wheel spindle and longitudinally rigid therewith, the hour and alarm wheels being normally spaced from each other, a plate on which the spindle and spring barrel are revolubly mounted, a hammer controlled by the spring barrel, a lever pivotally secured to said plate round an axis parallel with said plate, normally raised and engaging the hammer to hold same against operation and extending over the surface of the hour wheel opposed to the alarm wheel, one of the alarm and hour wheels being recessed on the surface facing the second wheel, projections on said second wheel adapted to register with the recesses in the recessed wheel for a predetermined angular setting of the hour wheel with reference to the adjusted angular position given to the alarm wheel, a spring urging the lever into a depressed inoperative position in which it releases the hammer and shifts the hour and alarm wheels towards each other to make the projections on said second wheels enter the recesses in the recessed wheel when ever said wheels enter the above mentioned relative angular setting, an intermediate rotary gear driven into rotation by the spring barrel, a heart-shaped cam, coaxial with and revolubly mounted with reference to said gear, means wherethrough the gear drives said cam with an angular play therebetween, at least one projection rigid with a point of the cam near its periphery, a lateral stop on the lever adapted when the lever is in its depressed position, to enter the path of the projection on the cam after a predetermined angular movement of said cam under the action of the gear and to prevent the progression of the last mentioned gear and thereby the unwinding of the spring barrel and operation of the hammer after said predetermined angular movement of the said gear, the hour wheel when progressing beyond the above mentioned relative angular setting with reference to the alarm wheel returning into its original spaced location with reference to the alarm wheel through disengagement between the projections and recesses on the two wheels and thereby urging the lever back into its original raised hammer locking position, and a spring engaging the cam upon return of the lever into its normal hammer locking position to set said cam in a position allowing further operation.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 964,271 Kaiserman July 12, 1910

US2789410A 1954-08-28 1955-07-29 Alarm time-piece Expired - Lifetime US2789410A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3210925A (en) * 1963-07-08 1965-10-12 Robert J Hepler Alarm stop watch
US3498046A (en) * 1963-11-07 1970-03-03 Sunbeam Corp Alarm apparatus and clock movement
US3875737A (en) * 1973-08-27 1975-04-08 Gen Electric Alarm clock timer
US20110205852A1 (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-08-25 Montres Breguet Sa Time zone on demand on the main hands of a timepiece
US20110205856A1 (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-08-25 Montres Breguet Sa Programmable and reprogrammable mechanical memory wheel for a timepiece

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US964271A (en) * 1909-07-15 1910-07-12 Achille Kaiserman Alarm-clock.

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US964271A (en) * 1909-07-15 1910-07-12 Achille Kaiserman Alarm-clock.

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3210925A (en) * 1963-07-08 1965-10-12 Robert J Hepler Alarm stop watch
US3498046A (en) * 1963-11-07 1970-03-03 Sunbeam Corp Alarm apparatus and clock movement
US3875737A (en) * 1973-08-27 1975-04-08 Gen Electric Alarm clock timer
US20110205852A1 (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-08-25 Montres Breguet Sa Time zone on demand on the main hands of a timepiece
US20110205856A1 (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-08-25 Montres Breguet Sa Programmable and reprogrammable mechanical memory wheel for a timepiece
EP2362276A1 (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-08-31 Montres Breguet SA Programmable and reprogrammable mechanical memory wheel for a timepiece
CN102169321A (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-08-31 蒙特雷布勒盖股份有限公司 Programmable and reprogrammable mechanical memory wheel for a timepiece
US8382366B2 (en) 2010-02-25 2013-02-26 Montres Breguet Sa Programmable and reprogrammable mechanical memory wheel for a timepiece
US8416645B2 (en) 2010-02-25 2013-04-09 Montres Breguet Sa Time zone on demand on the main hands of a timepiece
CN102169321B (en) 2010-02-25 2013-05-08 蒙特雷布勒盖股份有限公司 Programmable and reprogrammable mechanical memory wheel for a timepiece

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