US2786461A - Cross bow pistol - Google Patents

Cross bow pistol Download PDF

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Publication number
US2786461A
US2786461A US517673A US51767355A US2786461A US 2786461 A US2786461 A US 2786461A US 517673 A US517673 A US 517673A US 51767355 A US51767355 A US 51767355A US 2786461 A US2786461 A US 2786461A
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United States
Prior art keywords
bow
wheel
pistol
stock
rod
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Expired - Lifetime
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US517673A
Inventor
Jr Henry F G Pelsue
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Jr Henry F G Pelsue
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Application filed by Jr Henry F G Pelsue filed Critical Jr Henry F G Pelsue
Priority to US517673A priority Critical patent/US2786461A/en
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Publication of US2786461A publication Critical patent/US2786461A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41BWEAPONS FOR PROJECTING MISSILES WITHOUT USE OF EXPLOSIVE OR COMBUSTIBLE PROPELLANT CHARGE; WEAPONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F41B5/00Bows; Crossbows
    • F41B5/12Crossbows

Description

March 26, 1957 PELSUE, JR 2,786,461
CROSS BOW PISTOL 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 24, 1955 .HEvey 6.3 54915, (fie.
INVENTOR/ BY flWfla/W flrraepsy March 26, 1957 H. F. G. PELSUE, JR
CROSS BOW PISTOL 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 away H GPA-1.905% JNVENTOR) flrraewey- Filed June 24, 1955 mw g United States PatentO CROSS BOW PISTOL Henry F. G. Pelsue, Jr., Sunland, (lalif.
Application June 24, 1955, Serial No. 517,673
Claims. (Cl. 124-25) This invention relates to a device of the cross bow type in which are embodied many of the features of a conventional pistol.
It is the object of the present invention to provide a device possessing the advantages of the pistol while retaining all the essential features of the cross bow. A further object is to provide a device which will propel an arrow so accurately and forcibly that it may be conveniently and effectively used in hunting and fishing.
These and other objects of the invention, as well as the many advantageous features thereof, will be apparent from the following detailed description and by referring to the accompanying drawings in which a preferred form of the invention is illustrated.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a device embodying the invention;
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the device with the nearer half portion thereof removed for the sake of clearness;
Fig. 3 shows the greater portion of Fig. 2 with parts thereof in a different position of adjustment;
Figs. 4 and 5 are cross sectional views taken respectively on lines 4-4 of Fig. 2 and 55 of Fig. 3; and
Figs. 6 and 7 illustrate parts of the device the importance of which is hereinafter fully explained.
The device of the invention, in the form illustrated in the drawings, consists of a how 1 which is rigidly mounted on the front end of the pistol 2. The ends of the bow are at 3, 4 recessed to provide seats for the bow string 5, the ends of which for this purpose are fitted with spherical knobs 6, 7 of a diameter firmly to lock the bow string in position therein.
The device is of pistol shape, including the usual hand grip 10 but the conventional pistol barrel is here omitted and in the stock of the pistol is provided a longitudinally directed recess 12 through the upper surface thereof. The pistol is for convenience in manufacture and assembling shown longitudinally divided into half-portions 11, 11a which by bolts 9 are maintained rigidly combined.
The lower portion of this recess is shown widened to form a seat for a bow string loading rod 13. Near the front end of this rod is vertically cut a narrow slot 14 in which a loading blade 15 is seated and this blade is pivotally held on a pin 16 of the rod. A spring 17 urges upward swinging movement of the blade into the position shown in phantom outline in Fig. 3 but the blade is normally held within the passage by suitable means, such as ribs 18, 19 inwardly projecting from the walls of the recess 12 directly above the rod.
The recess is nearer the rear end thereof enlarged to form a somewhat cylindrical chamber in which a bow string retainer wheel 26 is seated. Sockets 27, 28 are sunk into the inner walls of this chamber and bosses 30 project axially from the center of the wheel to seat the wheel for rotation in these sockets. The major portion of the wheel is vertically recessed to form a passage 31 Patented Mar. 26, 1957 for the loading rod 13 and the wheel is normally held in the retracted position indicated in Fig. 3 by a trigger 32. The latter is mounted on a pin 33 of the breech and a spring 34 maintains the trigger yieldingly against the lower front shoulder 35 of the wheel. It is important to note that a notch 36 is sunk into the upper surface of the wheel to receive therein the string of the bow as it will now be more fully described.
The bow string 5 normally takes a position substantially as indicated in Fig. 2. When the time for loading comes, it is merely required to move the rod rearwardly until the loading blade 15 clears the ribs 18, 19. The spring 17 will then swing the blade into the upright position indicated in phantom outline in Fig. 3. The trigger 32 is now pulled to release the string retaining wheel which thereupon is manually turned into the position indicated in Fig. 2 properly to aline the notch 36 of the wheel for reception of the bow string. The rear shoulder 37 of the wheel contacts the lower surface of the rod correctly to position the notch relative to the string and the tension of the spring 34 will retain the wheel in this position.
A handle 49 is mounted on the rear end of the loading rod. This handle is now gripped by one hand while the other hand grips the pistol handle 41 and the rod is pulled rearwardly until the bow string enters the wheel notch 36. The pull on the bow string is continued thereby to rotate the wheel until the trigger is free to swing back into the position indicated in Fig. 3. The hold on the bow string is then released and the trigger will maintain the wheel in this position. The loading rod is now pushed forward into the inactive position of Figs. 2 and 3, whereupon an arrow 45 is placed in the flared opening of the recess 12 of the pistol stock. In the rear end of this arrow is cut a notch 46 which straddles the bow string when the arrow is placed in the recess to maintain it unturned therein.
It is important to note that the recess 12 near the front end thereof is enlarged to form a cylindrical seat 47 for a magnet 43 the upper surface of which is in line with the lower surface of the arrow when the latter is placed in the recess 12.- Also that the pointed end 49 of the arrow is made of steel or other magnetically attracted metal. When so constructed, it is seen that the arrow will be held firmly in the correct position on the recessed stock while the pistol is swung into sighting position. When the trigger now is pulled to release the wheel it is found that the tension of the string will propel the arrow straightly along the stock of the pistol. When the bow is so proportioned that it requires the strength of a full grown person to retract the loading rod to seat the bow string in the notch of the wheel, it is found that the arrow will be propelled in a straight line with such force that the use of the pistol is not limited to target practice but that it has found its place in hunting and fishing.
It is seen from the foregoing description that I have provided a very simple and conveniently operable device in which the essential features of the cross bow and pistol are combined. But while I have shown a preferred form of the invention, it is to be understood that modifications of arrangements, proportions and shapes may be embodied therein without departing from the spirit of the invention as set forth in the claims hereto appended.
I claim:
1. A cross bow having a pistol-shaped stock, a bow string seated in the ends of the bow and of a length to maintain the bow under tension, a loading rod lengthwise movable in the stock and having a handle at the rear end thereof, a bow string retainer wheel in the stock nearer the rear end thereof, the wheel having a notch in the upper surface thereof to receive therein the bow String 34.151 31 hotel; in its lower surface, a trigger engaging said lowe 5 3L21 ta n the wheel E EEHIEQQ element mounted in the rod to engage the bow string upon rearward movement of the rod to draw the bow string that? he Bat h o the Whee a op 9 e stoc bove the .9?- as r 1 ma ntainin the e men in inop a t eated PQ .i! s in f rc n the el men i bow st i sensa a Po i 1 9 ea f the el m fr the step a the i 9 t wa m men of the m9 and a a row s a e l n he p e s fa e of the stock and having a slot in the rear end thereof enga ing the bow string.
A device as defined in claim 1 having a cylindrical s slset i the a s: ?t t t e f n en of e o ama net ea e in eidspck an a a c p o t e t ea 1 9 o he arrow attra ed by the magnet to the a r w in crr atg sitioa an he s 3. A cross how haying a pistol-shaped stock, the stock having a passage lengthwise 'therethrongh, a bow mounted on the front end of the stock, a bow string seated in the ends pf the how and of a length to maintain the bow somewhat under tension, a loading rod seated for lengthwise rnovement in the stock passage, the rod having a handle atthe rear end thereof, the passage being near the rear end of the stock enlarged to form a chamber, a bow string retainer wheel seated for rotation in said chamber, the wheel beingrecessed from the top to provide clearance for the loading rod and having transverse notches in the upper and lower surfaces thereof, a spring-held trigger in the stock engaging the lower notch to prevent rotation of the wheel, a pull on the trigger releasing the wheel for limited forward rotation, the upper surface of the stock having a narrow groove extending from the front end thereof to said chamber and leading into said passage,
a stop in the groove near the front end thereof, a 'loadthe blade nivetally mounted in th mid below said step and extending rearwardly therefrom a distance, a spring urging limited upward and forward movement of the blade into vertical position, rearward movement of the rod releasing the blade thereof for upward swinging movement in front of the bow string, continued rearward movement of the rod causing the blade to contact the bow string and to draw it rearwardly into the upper notch of the wheel to impart rotation to the wheel to cause the trigger to snap into the lower notch of the wheel and so to lock the wheel against return rotation, and an arrow seatable in the groove of the stock and having a slot in the rear end thereof engaging the bow string in the recess of the wheel.
4. A device of the type set forth in claim 3 in which the upper surface of the stock at the front end thereof is recessed to form a cylindrical seat, a permanent magnet held in said seat, and a magnetic tip on the front end of the arrow for contact withsaid magnet when the bow is loaded.
5 A device of the type set forth in claim 3 in which the stock is lengthwise divided into right and left half-portions, and means for rigidly clamping the portions together.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNlTED STATES PATENTS 2,293,957 Wells Aug. 25, 1942 2,483,752 Buhl Oct. 4, 1949 2,500,509 Bailey Mar. 14, 1950 2,520,713 Diehr Aug. 29, 1950 2,554,966 Stevens May 29, 1951 M r-a,
US517673A 1955-06-24 1955-06-24 Cross bow pistol Expired - Lifetime US2786461A (en)

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Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3043287A (en) * 1960-03-14 1962-07-10 Raymond L Nelson Crossbow cocking device
US3050046A (en) * 1960-08-25 1962-08-21 Erby L Love Pistol bow
US3186119A (en) * 1963-05-22 1965-06-01 Maras Thomas Device for projecting an aerial target
US3273553A (en) * 1963-09-12 1966-09-20 Richard H Doyle Electromagnetically operated gun
US3406675A (en) * 1966-07-01 1968-10-22 Bert E. Fredrickson Archery bow with handgrip adjusting means and arrow supply support
US3450122A (en) * 1965-06-08 1969-06-17 Clyde Diamond Archery bow with arrow-actuated signalling means
US3463117A (en) * 1967-05-31 1969-08-26 Gerald I Killian Arrow draw checking device
US3670711A (en) * 1971-02-22 1972-06-20 Max Firestone Crossbow cocking device
US3735748A (en) * 1972-06-19 1973-05-29 P Gaylord Combined blow gun and darts
US4206740A (en) * 1978-11-02 1980-06-10 Lydon Edward B Cross bow pistol
US4294222A (en) * 1979-12-31 1981-10-13 Pelsue Henry F Pistol type crossbow
US4343286A (en) * 1979-04-06 1982-08-10 Thacker Bobby J Archery bow
US4489704A (en) * 1983-04-28 1984-12-25 Troncoso Fernando Jr Archery bow with adjustable arrow support
US4548189A (en) * 1982-09-21 1985-10-22 Pietraszek Mitchell E Arrow rests used in archery
US4612907A (en) * 1983-11-28 1986-09-23 Gatomba, Inc. Archery release aid
US4693228A (en) * 1986-02-13 1987-09-15 Kidde Recreation Products, Inc. Crossbow trigger mechanism
US4719897A (en) * 1986-04-24 1988-01-19 Jacques Gaudreau Cocking mechanism for crossbow
US4860719A (en) * 1987-11-05 1989-08-29 Anthony J. Czaja Magnetic hold-down device for crossbow
US5220906A (en) * 1991-01-08 1993-06-22 Horton Manufacturing Company Inc. Device to draw the bowstring of a crossbow
FR2745898A1 (en) * 1996-03-11 1997-09-12 Nevoret Jean Pierre TWO-POLE UNDERWATER RIFLE
US5749348A (en) * 1996-02-26 1998-05-12 Oviedo-Reyes; Alfonso Separating stock hydraulic crossbow
US20050252499A1 (en) * 2004-05-14 2005-11-17 Simo Miroslav A Magnetic arrow rest
US20070163558A1 (en) * 2006-01-18 2007-07-19 Riffe Jesse T Wood spear gun having a magnet under the spear track
US20100075809A1 (en) * 2006-03-03 2010-03-25 Nike, Inc. Portable Hurdle
US20110197869A1 (en) * 2010-01-19 2011-08-18 Matasic Charles S Bow having improved limbs, trigger releases, safety mechanisms and/or dry fire mechanisms
US20130118463A1 (en) * 2008-07-03 2013-05-16 Mcp Ip, Llc Compound bow
US9333440B2 (en) * 2014-08-14 2016-05-10 Pro Performance Sports, L.L.C. Adjustable height hurdle
US9395139B2 (en) * 2014-12-02 2016-07-19 Oscar Pena Rifle sling shot device
US9453699B1 (en) 2013-01-03 2016-09-27 Barnett Outdoors, Llc Crossbow with retractable support lever
US9551544B1 (en) * 2014-01-02 2017-01-24 James J. Kempf Crossbow lock mechanism
US9958232B1 (en) 2017-10-15 2018-05-01 Excalibur Crossbow, Inc. Mechanism for drawing, cocking, and triggering a crossbow
US10082358B2 (en) 2016-11-14 2018-09-25 Mcp Ip, Llc Compound bow with high string payout
US10458743B1 (en) * 2017-06-09 2019-10-29 James J. Kempf Crossbow with built in cocking device
US10989491B2 (en) 2017-02-10 2021-04-27 Mcp Ip, Llc Archery bow with wide ratio limb
US11015892B1 (en) 2020-04-26 2021-05-25 Excalibur Crossbow, Inc. Anti-dry-fire mechanism for a crossbow

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2293957A (en) * 1939-03-13 1942-08-25 Dalsy Mfg Co Air pistol
US2483752A (en) * 1945-11-10 1949-10-04 Associated Dev And Res Corp Combined magazine receiver and barrel for toy guns
US2500509A (en) * 1945-12-03 1950-03-14 Henry L Bailey Crossbow
US2520713A (en) * 1946-06-11 1950-08-29 Charles A Diehr Shoulder bow
US2554966A (en) * 1945-07-12 1951-05-29 George M Stevens Cross bow

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2293957A (en) * 1939-03-13 1942-08-25 Dalsy Mfg Co Air pistol
US2554966A (en) * 1945-07-12 1951-05-29 George M Stevens Cross bow
US2483752A (en) * 1945-11-10 1949-10-04 Associated Dev And Res Corp Combined magazine receiver and barrel for toy guns
US2500509A (en) * 1945-12-03 1950-03-14 Henry L Bailey Crossbow
US2520713A (en) * 1946-06-11 1950-08-29 Charles A Diehr Shoulder bow

Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3043287A (en) * 1960-03-14 1962-07-10 Raymond L Nelson Crossbow cocking device
US3050046A (en) * 1960-08-25 1962-08-21 Erby L Love Pistol bow
US3186119A (en) * 1963-05-22 1965-06-01 Maras Thomas Device for projecting an aerial target
US3273553A (en) * 1963-09-12 1966-09-20 Richard H Doyle Electromagnetically operated gun
US3450122A (en) * 1965-06-08 1969-06-17 Clyde Diamond Archery bow with arrow-actuated signalling means
US3406675A (en) * 1966-07-01 1968-10-22 Bert E. Fredrickson Archery bow with handgrip adjusting means and arrow supply support
US3463117A (en) * 1967-05-31 1969-08-26 Gerald I Killian Arrow draw checking device
US3670711A (en) * 1971-02-22 1972-06-20 Max Firestone Crossbow cocking device
US3735748A (en) * 1972-06-19 1973-05-29 P Gaylord Combined blow gun and darts
US4206740A (en) * 1978-11-02 1980-06-10 Lydon Edward B Cross bow pistol
US4343286A (en) * 1979-04-06 1982-08-10 Thacker Bobby J Archery bow
US4294222A (en) * 1979-12-31 1981-10-13 Pelsue Henry F Pistol type crossbow
US4548189A (en) * 1982-09-21 1985-10-22 Pietraszek Mitchell E Arrow rests used in archery
US4489704A (en) * 1983-04-28 1984-12-25 Troncoso Fernando Jr Archery bow with adjustable arrow support
US4612907A (en) * 1983-11-28 1986-09-23 Gatomba, Inc. Archery release aid
US4693228A (en) * 1986-02-13 1987-09-15 Kidde Recreation Products, Inc. Crossbow trigger mechanism
US4719897A (en) * 1986-04-24 1988-01-19 Jacques Gaudreau Cocking mechanism for crossbow
US4860719A (en) * 1987-11-05 1989-08-29 Anthony J. Czaja Magnetic hold-down device for crossbow
US5220906A (en) * 1991-01-08 1993-06-22 Horton Manufacturing Company Inc. Device to draw the bowstring of a crossbow
US5749348A (en) * 1996-02-26 1998-05-12 Oviedo-Reyes; Alfonso Separating stock hydraulic crossbow
FR2745898A1 (en) * 1996-03-11 1997-09-12 Nevoret Jean Pierre TWO-POLE UNDERWATER RIFLE
WO1997034120A1 (en) * 1996-03-11 1997-09-18 Jean Pierre Nevoret Underwater fishing gun with two or more spears
US7047959B2 (en) 2004-05-14 2006-05-23 New Archery Products Corp. Magnetic arrow rest
US20050252499A1 (en) * 2004-05-14 2005-11-17 Simo Miroslav A Magnetic arrow rest
US20070163558A1 (en) * 2006-01-18 2007-07-19 Riffe Jesse T Wood spear gun having a magnet under the spear track
US8517898B2 (en) 2006-03-03 2013-08-27 Nike, Inc. Portable hurdle
US8029412B2 (en) * 2006-03-03 2011-10-04 Nike, Inc. Portable hurdle
US8313417B2 (en) 2006-03-03 2012-11-20 Nike, Inc. Portable hurdle
US20100075809A1 (en) * 2006-03-03 2010-03-25 Nike, Inc. Portable Hurdle
US10845153B2 (en) 2008-07-03 2020-11-24 Mcp Ip, Llc Compound bow
US20130118463A1 (en) * 2008-07-03 2013-05-16 Mcp Ip, Llc Compound bow
US20150114378A1 (en) * 2008-07-03 2015-04-30 Mcp Ip, Llc Compound bow
US8919332B2 (en) * 2008-07-03 2014-12-30 Mcp Ip, Llc Compound bow
US10184749B2 (en) 2008-07-03 2019-01-22 Mcp Ip, Llc Compound bow
US8651094B2 (en) * 2010-01-19 2014-02-18 Kodabow Inc. Bow having improved limbs, trigger releases, safety mechanisms and/or dry fire mechanisms
US20110197869A1 (en) * 2010-01-19 2011-08-18 Matasic Charles S Bow having improved limbs, trigger releases, safety mechanisms and/or dry fire mechanisms
US9453699B1 (en) 2013-01-03 2016-09-27 Barnett Outdoors, Llc Crossbow with retractable support lever
US9551544B1 (en) * 2014-01-02 2017-01-24 James J. Kempf Crossbow lock mechanism
US9333440B2 (en) * 2014-08-14 2016-05-10 Pro Performance Sports, L.L.C. Adjustable height hurdle
US9395139B2 (en) * 2014-12-02 2016-07-19 Oscar Pena Rifle sling shot device
US10082358B2 (en) 2016-11-14 2018-09-25 Mcp Ip, Llc Compound bow with high string payout
US10989491B2 (en) 2017-02-10 2021-04-27 Mcp Ip, Llc Archery bow with wide ratio limb
US10458743B1 (en) * 2017-06-09 2019-10-29 James J. Kempf Crossbow with built in cocking device
US9958232B1 (en) 2017-10-15 2018-05-01 Excalibur Crossbow, Inc. Mechanism for drawing, cocking, and triggering a crossbow
US11015892B1 (en) 2020-04-26 2021-05-25 Excalibur Crossbow, Inc. Anti-dry-fire mechanism for a crossbow

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