US2784871A - Empty signal for columnar merchandising machines - Google Patents

Empty signal for columnar merchandising machines Download PDF

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US2784871A
US2784871A US292291A US29229152A US2784871A US 2784871 A US2784871 A US 2784871A US 292291 A US292291 A US 292291A US 29229152 A US29229152 A US 29229152A US 2784871 A US2784871 A US 2784871A
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empty signal
empty
ejector
signal
operating
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US292291A
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Gabrielsen Christian
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ROWE Manufacturing CO Inc
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ROWE Manufacturing CO Inc
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F9/00Details other than those peculiar to special kinds or types of apparatus
    • G07F9/02Devices for alarm or indication, e.g. when empty; Advertising arrangements in coin-freed apparatus

Description

March 12, 1957 c. GABRIELSEN EMPTY SIGNAL FOR COLUMNAR MERCHANDISING MACHINES 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed June '7, 1952 4 TTOP/VEY March 12, 1957 c. GABRIELSEN 2,784,871

EMPTY SIGNAL. FOR COLUMNAR MERCHANDISING MACHINES Filed June 7, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 C Afp/s 77m/ GHeR/ELSEA/ j; WMLSM H TTOPNEY United ttes EMPTY SIGNAL FR CLUMNAR MERCHANDISING MACHINES Christian Gabrielsen, Mountain Lakes, N. .1., assigner to Rowe Manufacturing Co., Inc., Whippany, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application June 7, 1952, Serial No. 292,291

1 Claim. (Cl. 221-6) My invention relates to` an improvement in empty signals for columnar merchandising machines and more particularly to an empty signal of simplified construction, certainty in operation and surreness in performance.

ln columnar vending machines the merchandise to be vended, as, for example, cigarettes, is stacked in a plurality of columns each provided with its own selector button in the case of electrical machines, or pull knob in the case of manual machines. Machines are provided with column locking devices to prevent the operation of a machine when a column is depleted of merchandise to prevent a purchaser from operating the machine and not receiving merchandise though losing his money. lt is Iadvantageous to provide a signal to indicate to a user that a particular column of merchandise is depleted in order to save him the yannoyance and bother of attempting to operate the machine only to find that that particular brand is not present in the machine and then having to operate the coin return mechanism to get his money back. Some of the devices of the prior `art which perform this function are expensive to manufacture and diicult to m-aintain. Others are of extremely complicated construction.

One object of my invention is to provide an improved empty signal which is simple :and inexpensive to construct. Another object of my invention is to provide an empty signal which is certain in operation and trouble free in maintenance.

Another object of my invention is to provide an empty signal which in the case of electrical machines may act as an empty lock to prevent the operation of the machine as well as indicating a particular column is empty.

Other and further objects of my invention will appear from the following description:

In the accompanying drawings which form part of the instant specification and which are to be read in conjunction therewith and in which like reference numerals are used to indicate like parts in the various views:

Figure l is a fragmentary sectional view of la columnar vending machine showing the construction of my empty signal in connection with a manual machine.

Figure 2 is a fragmetanary sectional View taken along the line 2 2 of Figure l.

AFigurel is a fragmentary perspective view showing a detail of my empty signal.

Figure 4 is a front elevation of a portion of an electrically operated columnar vending machine with parts broken away.

Figure 5 is a sectional View taken along the line S-S of Figure 4.

Referring now to the drawings, the vending machine comprises a housing 1t) supporting a plurality of columns 12 'adapted to hold merchandise such as cigarettes indicated bythe reference numeral 14 in dotted outline. The merchandise is stacked and adapted to vend the bottommost package 16 first. This package is carried by an ejector 18 which supports the column of merchandise lCC within the confines of the container in a manner that the merchandise cannot be shaken or dislodged. When coins of the proper denomination are deposited. in the machine the plunger 20 is freed bymeans well known to the art and hence not shown or described. The plunger may be pulled forwardly in a slot 22 provided in the ejector housing 24 so that the ejector 18 is free `of the bottommost package 16. This package and tall of the packages above it move downwardly by gravity and rest upon the top of the ejector housing 24. When the plunger operating handle 26 is again returned to the position shown in Figure 1 the ejector pushes the package of' cigarettes lying upon the ejector housing 24 rearwardly to `a chute for passage to the purchaser, -as is well known in the art. As the ejector 18 returns in this ejecting operation `it supports the remaining packages of merchandise within the container in the position shown in Figure 1.

The housing 10 is provided with a plurality of windows 28, one for each column. Mounted onl the casing 10 l provide a plurality of lugs 30 through which extends a pivot rod or wire 32. The signal itself comprises a member 34 made of sheet metal or the like having an upper portion 36 bent backwardly and carrying on its upper surface a display 40 bearing the words Sold Out or the like. The member 34 is provided with a pair of ears 3% intermediate its ends. These ears are provided with openings through which the pivot rod 32 passes. In this manner the signal member 34 is pivotally mounted adjacent each window 2S. A spring 42 biases the member 34 to rotate in a counterclockwise direction as viewed `in Figure l and in the direction shown by the arrows in Figure 3, that is, to a position to bring the display 40 underneath the window 28, `as shown by the dotted lines in Figure l.

The empty signal operating member 44 is loosely mounted in slots 46 and 48 formed in a mounting member 5t) running transversely of the machine. There is one empty signal operating member 44 for each empty signal member 34, that is one for each column. The member 44 is provided with a cam edge 52 against which the lower end 54 of the pivoted member 34 abuts. The biasing means acting through the pivoted member 34 and its lower end 54 urges the empty signal operating member 44 to the right, as viewed in Figure l. The member 44 is former with a portion 56 projecting beyond the mounting slot 46 and adapted to labut the edge of the lowermost package of merchandise 16. The package of merchandise, therefore, resists the movement to the right of the empty signal operating .member under the iniiuence of the biasing means and maintains the empty signal display 4t) in its full line position in Figure l clear of the window 28. As soon as the last package of the column drops to the ejector housing 24 it will be clear of the projection 56. When this occurs the spring 42 will rotate the pivoted member 34 in a counterclockwise direction causing its lower end 54 to move to the right, urging the empty signal operating member 44 to move to the right. This motion is a simple sliding motion and continues until the notch, 58 formed inthe bottom edge of the empty signal operating member- 44 is sea-ted on the edge of the slot 48 formed in the mounting member 50. The empty signal, therefore, will remain in the empty indicating position until the machine is `again loaded and the empty column is replenished with merchandise. At this time the service man will lift the empty signal operating member 44 and reposition i-t so that it again will be held outwardly, as viewed in Figure l, by the bottommost package of cigarettes of the stack with which the column has been refilled. It is noted that the ejector housing 24 is provided with a notch 60 into which 1 fall by gravity when the last package of cigarettes is dispensed. The empty lock 62 comprises a lever pivoted around pin 64 carried by the ejector 1S. The upper end 66 of the lempty lock lever 62 yabuts the bottom of the bottommost package of cigarettes 16 and rotates the lever in a countercliockwise direction, `as viewed in Figure l, to lift the hook 61 and maintain it out of engagement with the stop notch 6o. As soon as the last pakage of cigarettes. is dispensed gravity will cause the empty lock lever to rotate in a clockwise direction to seat the hook 61V in the notch 66 and thus prevent the ejector from being pulled to the left.

Referring now to Figures 4 and 5 in which there is shown the manner of applying my empty signal to an electric machine, there is shown a housing iii as in the case of the mechanical machine shown in Figures l, 2 and 3. Similarly, there are a plurality of vertical containers l2 housing packages of cigarettes 14. The lowermost package 16 of the stack rests upon an ejector- 18 mounted for movement in an ejector housing 24. It is understood, of course, that there is one ejector for each column of merchandise. The front of 4the housing is formed wit-h a transparent portion 1l through which a plurality of windows 28, one for each column, may be viewed. In the electric machine the ejectors 18 are. operated from an electric motor, as is well understood by those skilled in the art. Only sutiicient of the dispensing mechanism to enable the understanding of the instant invention will be described. Extending across the machine is `an operating bar 70. Whenever the motor (not shown) of the dispensing mechanism is energized the operating bar will move to the left and back to the position shown in Figure 5. The operating bar furnishes the power for moving the selected ejector. of coupling spools 72, one for each ejector. The bottom of the ejector-is formed with a re-entrant portion 7 4 normally uncoupled from the operating bar 70. When a push button 76 is pressed it moves to the right and through link 78 moves the coupling actuating cam Si) to the right. The cam surfacesv 82 and 84 of the actuating cam in moving to the right will lift the cam Si) and hence the coupling spool 72 upwardly. This couples the operating bar 70 with the ejector through the re-entrant portion '74. At the same time the movement to the right of the actuating cam 80 will rotate the member 86 which is operatively connected to the actuating cam 80 in `a clockwise direction, as viewed in Figure 5, thus rotating the shaft SS which is secured to the member 86. The rotation of shaft S8 will close a switch (not shown) when there are sufficient coins in the machine register. The switch energizes the motor and starts the vending cycle. Mounted upon the ejector housing 24 there are a plurality of buffer members 90 urged to moveto the left, as Viewed in Figure 5, by respective springs 92. It is understood, of course, that there is one buffer member for each push button. At the terminal portion of the stroke of the push button the end 94 of the link 78 will abut the projection 96 of the buffer member 90 and cushion the stroke of the push button.

A mounting plate 98 extends across the machine and carries a plurality of brackets 30 similar to those shown in Figure 3 for mounting the empty signal pivot rod 32 as described above. A plurality of empty signal pivoted plates 34 similar to those shown in Figures l, 2 and 3 are pivotally mounted upon the rod 32, there being one for each column. Each of the empty signal plates 34 is provided with lugs 38 formed with holes through which the pivot rod 32 passes. Respective springs 42 are provided normally tobias the empty signal plates 34 to rotate in a counterclockwise direction as viewed in Figure 5. The upper portion of cach empty signal plate 34 is bent backwardly to form a portion 36 carrying the display 40 adapted to be viewed through the Window ZS when the The operating bar carries a plurality empty signal is rotated in a counterclockwise direction under the influence of its spring 4Z.

As in the previous embodiment of the invention, there is a mounting member 50 for the empty signal operating members 44 which slidably mounts the plurality of empty signal operating members, one for each empty signal. The cam surface 52 of each operating member 44 engages the lower portion 54 of each empty signal plate and rotates each plate in a clockwise direction against the action of each respective spring 42 owing to the abutment of the projection 56 against the bottommost package of merchandise 16 of each column. This holds the empty signal display 4G in the full line position shown in Figure 5 clear of its window 28 so that it cannot be seen by a user. When the last package of merchandise is dispensed the empty signal will rotate to the dotted line position shown in Figure 5 and in so doing will move the operating member 44 to its dotted line position. It is understood that this motion is permitted by the absence of a package of merchandise in the column `against which the projection S6 can abut. The empty signal is now in position to be viewed through the window 28. The operating member 44 is integrally formed with a depending portion 100 so that when the operating member is'in the dotted line position shown in Figure 5 this member will be in the path of the upper portion 102 of the tail of cam 80. When the push button is pressed the portion 102 contacts the depending portion lo() which blocks its movement. This contact occurs first before the switch operating member 86 has rotated to switch closing position and before the cam moves upwardly sufficiently to engage the coupling spool 72 with the ejector portion 74. Accordingly, the machine is prevented from operating, iirst because the motor cannot be energized, and secondly because the operating bar is not coupled to the ejector. In the electrical machine, therefore, the empty signal not only shows a purchaser that a column is empty, but also positively prevents that column from being operated, that is, it performs the functions of an empty lock.

It will be seen that I have accomplished the objects of my invention. My empty signal comprises only two mov ing parts, the pivoted member carrying the display and the empty signal operating member 44. My empty signal is positive in that it actually senses the presence or absence of merchandise in the column and does not depend on a counting arrangement or other indirect means. Accordingly, it is simple to maintain and inexpensive to construct. Not only does my empty signal indicate to the purchaser that a particular column is empty, but in the case of an electric machine it also acts as an eiicient empty lock positively preventing the operation of the machine by rendering the selector means for that column inoperative.

It will be understood that certain features and subcombinations are of utility and may be employed without reference to other features and subcombinations. This is contemplated by and is within the scope of my claim. It is further obvious that various changes may be made in details within the scope of my claim Without departing from the spirit of my invention. It is therefore to be understood that my invention is not to be limited to the specific details shown and described.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:

In a merchandising machine a housing formed with a window, a columnar container for holding articles to be vended, an ejector for dispensing the bottomrnost article in the container, a signal for indicating that the con# tainer is empty, means for mounting the signal for pivotal movement to and away from a position visible through the window, biasing means for moving` the signal to ra position visible through the window, signal actuating means having operative engagement withv the signal and the bottommost article in the container for mounting the signal in a position away from Viewl through the Window against the action of the biasing means, the construction being such that when engagement of the actuating means with the bottommost =article is lost owing to the dispensing of the last article in the container the biasing means will move the signal into position visible through the window, said signal actuating means comprising la slideable member, means carried by the housing for mounting the slideable member for movement in a generally horizontal plane, one end of the slideable member carrying a cam surface normally contacting the signal and` being formed with a depending portion, movable means for operating the ejector, said depending portion being normally supported by the slideable member mounting means out of the path of movement of the ejector operating means, means carried by the other end of the slideable member for contacting the bottommost article in the container to maintain the depending portion out of the path of movement of the ejector operating means, and coacting means carried by the slideable member and its mounting means for permitting the movement of the depending portion into the path of travel of the ejector operating means when the last article in the container is dispensed to prevent the action of the ejector operating means.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 839,304 Long Dec. 25, 1906 1,209,758 Richardson Dec. 26, 1916 1,356,345 Dun Lany Oct. 19, 1920 1,393,964 Potts et al. Oct. 18, 1921 1,506,813 Camelo et al Sept. 2, 1924 1,639,615 Sapp Aug. 16, 1927 1,788,523 Jennings et al. Ian. 13, 1931 1,803,146 Robbins Apr. 28, 1931 2,211,799 Tatter Aug. 20, 1940 2,231,952 Rowe et al. Feb. 18, 1941 2,281,487 Finkel et al Apr. 28, 1942 2,546,690 Gabrielsen Mar. 27, 1951 2,610,100 Childers Sept. 9, 1952 2,650,149 Munz et al Aug. 25, 1953

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Cited By (44)

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US3058613A (en) * 1959-03-13 1962-10-16 Rowe Mfg Co Inc Manual console cigarette merchandising machine
US3262603A (en) * 1964-09-24 1966-07-26 Goldbert Vending machine ejector
US3270916A (en) * 1965-04-28 1966-09-06 Westinghouse Electric Corp Vending machine empty signal indicating mechanism
US3273748A (en) * 1964-10-28 1966-09-20 Seeburg Corp Helix article vendor
US3838663A (en) * 1973-04-21 1974-10-01 H Focke Light shutter system for detecting blockages in a cigarette feeder
US4642865A (en) * 1984-09-17 1987-02-17 Howard Kelem Method and apparatus for automatic pressure packing of a food casing
US4744489A (en) * 1985-11-22 1988-05-17 Tone Brothers, Inc. Store display fixture
WO2008155575A1 (en) * 2007-06-18 2008-12-24 Stephen William Clarke Dispensing device
US7922437B1 (en) 2009-11-23 2011-04-12 Meadwestvaco Corporation Display system, dispensing device and package for use therein
US20110121011A1 (en) * 2009-11-23 2011-05-26 John Gelardi Product Dispensing System With Anti-Theft Engagement
US20110121022A1 (en) * 2009-11-23 2011-05-26 Sholl Andrew B Product Dispenser With Low Product Indicator
US8302809B1 (en) 2011-05-11 2012-11-06 Meadwestvaco Corporation Product dispensing system with increased product-to-dispenser contact
US8308023B2 (en) 2011-02-23 2012-11-13 Meadwestvaco Corporation Product dispensing system with directional flexing container
US8322543B2 (en) 2010-07-23 2012-12-04 Meadwestvaco Corporation Product dispensing apparatus and system
US8550261B2 (en) 2011-09-09 2013-10-08 Meadwestvaco Corporation Product dispensing system with flexing container
US8628003B2 (en) 2010-09-25 2014-01-14 Meadwestvaco Corporation Product dispensing container, system and method with priming area
US8657126B1 (en) 2012-08-27 2014-02-25 Meadwestvaco Corporation Product dispensing system with dispenser door
US8668114B2 (en) 2011-05-02 2014-03-11 Meadwestvaco Corporation Dispensing system and package for use therewith
US8833601B2 (en) 2012-02-24 2014-09-16 Meadwestvaco Corporation Product dispensing system with staggered perforations
US8851302B2 (en) 2012-04-16 2014-10-07 Meadwestvaco Corporation Product dispensing system with container-product interaction
US8985346B2 (en) 2011-09-08 2015-03-24 Meadwestvaco Corporation Multi-deck product dispensing system with rear guide
US9090390B2 (en) 2010-09-27 2015-07-28 Meadwestvaco Corporation Product dispensing system
US9096345B2 (en) 2013-08-22 2015-08-04 Meadwestvaco Corporation Product dispensing system with reinforced weakening features
US9174785B2 (en) 2011-02-23 2015-11-03 Westrock Mwv, Llc Product dispensing system with panel guide
US20150320237A1 (en) * 2005-09-12 2015-11-12 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product Management Display System
US9320365B2 (en) 2012-08-31 2016-04-26 Westrock Mwv, Llc Product dispensing system with sound reducing features
US9359106B2 (en) 2011-07-18 2016-06-07 Westrock Mwv, Llc Product dispensing system with multiple dispensing decks
US9498057B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2016-11-22 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US9504321B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2016-11-29 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US9510677B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2016-12-06 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with rail mounting clip
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US9848716B2 (en) 2013-10-08 2017-12-26 Fasteners For Retail, Inc. Vending shelf
US9918565B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2018-03-20 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US9930973B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2018-04-03 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US9959696B2 (en) 2014-06-19 2018-05-01 Fastners For Retail, Inc. Resiliently biased actuator
US9955802B2 (en) 2015-04-08 2018-05-01 Fasteners For Retail, Inc. Divider with selectively securable track assembly
US10178909B2 (en) 2016-01-13 2019-01-15 Rtc Industries, Inc. Anti-splay device for merchandise display system
US10285510B2 (en) * 2005-09-12 2019-05-14 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
EP3503050A1 (en) * 2017-12-22 2019-06-26 Tekin Keles Beverage capsule dispensing apparatus
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Cited By (71)

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US3058613A (en) * 1959-03-13 1962-10-16 Rowe Mfg Co Inc Manual console cigarette merchandising machine
US3262603A (en) * 1964-09-24 1966-07-26 Goldbert Vending machine ejector
US3273748A (en) * 1964-10-28 1966-09-20 Seeburg Corp Helix article vendor
US3270916A (en) * 1965-04-28 1966-09-06 Westinghouse Electric Corp Vending machine empty signal indicating mechanism
US3838663A (en) * 1973-04-21 1974-10-01 H Focke Light shutter system for detecting blockages in a cigarette feeder
US4642865A (en) * 1984-09-17 1987-02-17 Howard Kelem Method and apparatus for automatic pressure packing of a food casing
US4744489A (en) * 1985-11-22 1988-05-17 Tone Brothers, Inc. Store display fixture
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US9498057B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2016-11-22 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US10905258B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2021-02-02 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US10555624B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2020-02-11 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US9713393B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2017-07-25 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US20200000245A1 (en) * 2005-09-12 2020-01-02 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US10285510B2 (en) * 2005-09-12 2019-05-14 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US20150320237A1 (en) * 2005-09-12 2015-11-12 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product Management Display System
US10226137B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2019-03-12 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US10206520B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2019-02-19 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US10165871B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2019-01-01 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US10045640B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2018-08-14 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US9968206B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2018-05-15 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US9930973B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2018-04-03 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US9918565B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2018-03-20 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US9486088B2 (en) * 2005-09-12 2016-11-08 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US9895007B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2018-02-20 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US9820585B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2017-11-21 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US9820584B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2017-11-21 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US9750354B2 (en) * 2005-09-12 2017-09-05 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US10278516B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2019-05-07 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US9730531B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2017-08-15 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
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