US2765201A - Ceiling jacks - Google Patents

Ceiling jacks Download PDF

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Publication number
US2765201A
US2765201A US342478A US34247853A US2765201A US 2765201 A US2765201 A US 2765201A US 342478 A US342478 A US 342478A US 34247853 A US34247853 A US 34247853A US 2765201 A US2765201 A US 2765201A
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Prior art keywords
support
ceiling
standard
jack
sheath
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US342478A
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Clay E Phillips
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Clay E Phillips
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F3/00Devices, e.g. jacks, adapted for uninterrupted lifting of loads
    • B66F3/02Devices, e.g. jacks, adapted for uninterrupted lifting of loads with racks actuated by pinions
    • B66F3/04Devices, e.g. jacks, adapted for uninterrupted lifting of loads with racks actuated by pinions with several racks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F21/00Implements for finishing work on buildings
    • E04F21/18Implements for finishing work on buildings for setting wall or ceiling slabs or plates
    • E04F21/1805Ceiling panel lifting devices
    • E04F21/1811Ceiling panel lifting devices with hand-driven crank systems, e.g. rope, cable or chain winding or rack-and-pinion mechanisms

Description

I J g m Get. 2, 1956 c. E. PHILLIPS 2,

CEILING JACKS Filed March l, 1955 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR.

file/7.157

Oct. 2, 1956 c. E. PHILLIPS 2,765,201

CEILING JACKS Filed March 16, 1953 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

filo/" veg C. E. PHILLIPS CEILING JACKS Oct. 2, 1956 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed March l6, 1953 INVENTOR. 0), 52m- 5 B 1 j larfi y nited States Patent CEILING JACKS Clay E. Phillips, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Application March 16, 1953, Serial No. 342,478

2 Claims. (Cl. 304-29) This invention relates to supports and more particularly to a ceiling jack adapted to raise and support a section of gypsum board, or the like, against ceiling joists during construction.

Gypsum boards for ceilings or walls are usually made in sizes up to four by twelve foot panels and are approximately one-half to three quarters of an inch in thickness. A board of such dimension is entirely too heavy for one man to hold against a ceiling and at the same time drive nails to secure the board to ceiling joists. The present invention contemplates a ceiling jack which will enable a single workman to raise and support a section of gypsum board, or the like, against the ceiling and secure it in that position by nailing.

An object of the present invention is to provide a ceiling jack that will support a section of gypsum board,

or the like, against the ceiling joists during nailing.

Another object is to provide a ceiling jack that will reduce the labor required in securing gypsum board, or the like, to a ceiling.

Another object is to provide a ceiling jack which will insure speedy accurate alinement of the work pieces.

A further object is to provide a ceiling jack that will enable a single worker to raise large panels against a ceiling readily.

A still further object is to provide a ceiling jack that will serve to raise and support a large ceiling panel so that the panel may be secured to the ceiling with a minimum of effort.

Other objects will become apparent from the following specification, which, when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings illustrate a preferred embodiment of the invention.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 shows an elevational view partly in section, of a ceiling jack made in accordance with the present invention and showing the jack in raised position;

Fig. 2 is a View similar to Fig. 1 showing the center portion of the jack in lowered position;

Fig. 3 is an enlarged vertical cross-section showing the operating mechanism for the jack with the jack raised;

Fig. 4 is a cross-section taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3, looking in the direction of the arrows;

Fig. 5 is a cross-section taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4, looking in the direction of the arrows;

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the top of the post with a portion of the locking member secured thereto;

Fig. 7 is a side view of the locking member shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 6;

Fig. 8 is a perspective view of the entire jack showing the spring support in place thereon;

Fig. 9 is a top plan view of the spring support, per se;

Fig. 10 is a cross-section taken on the line 10-10 of Fig. 9, looking in the direction of the arrows; and

Fig. 11 is a side elevational view of the supporting spring, per se.

Referring first to Fig. 8, which shows in perspective, the complete ceiling jack, the jack comprises a spiderlike base 15 mounted on casters 17 and supporting a tubular standard 19. An adjustable tubular support 20 is positioned above and in axial alinement with the standard 19 and carries, at its upper end, a resilient spider 22, the spider comprising two or more semielliptic spring leaves 23 (Figs. 9, 10 and 11) so as to give support to a panel (not shown) at not less than three, and preferably four points, 25, 25, 25, 25. A tubular sheath 28 envelopes the upper portion of the standard 19 and the lower portion of the support 20. The sheath houses a pinion 30 (Figs. l-4) which operates racks 32-34 to raise and lower the support 20. The pinion 30 is operated by a wheel or crank 35 (Fig. 8) through an axle 31.

Referring now to Figs. l-S, inclusive, the standard has the rack 32 welded into a slot in the upper end of the: standard, the rack extending upwardly past the center of the sheath 28. Similarly, the racck 34 is secured in a slot in the lower end of the support 20 and extends: downwardly past the center of the sheath 28.

The racks 32 and 34 are guided in the sheath 28 by a pair of rack guides 40-40. The guides 40-40 are retained in a sleeve coupler 42 which joins the two halves of the sheath 28-28. The guides 40-40 are held in the coupling by bolts 44-44 which pass across the coupling between its threaded ends.

The ends of the racks 32-34 are bent over as at 45 to prevent the ends of the racks from passing the guides and also to guide the end of the upper rack into the hollow interior of the tubular standard 19, and to guide the end of the lower rack into the hollow interior of the tubular support 21 when the jack is in lowered position.

The sheath 28-28 is made in two parts, joined by the coupler 42 in order to make the jack easy to assemble.

The support 20 is held in elevated position by a stop, the details of which are shown in Figs. 6 and 7. The stop member comprises a U-shaped bracket 45. fixed to the top of the sheath 28 with the ends of the U lying substantially perpendicular to the axis of the support. A plurality of rings 46, having an inside diameter slightly larger than the outside diameter of the support, surrounds the support and are retained in an aperture 47 in the bracket 45.

The flexible panel support 22 is made of two semielliptical springs 23 secured on the top of a stub post 48. The two springs 23-23 are arranged at an angle to each other in order to give four support points 25 so that the ceiling jack will, of itself, support an entire large panel.

When the stop is released by raising the edge of the rings 46 the weight of the support causes the support to lower automatically spinning the gear 30. When the support is thus allowed to drop the sudden stop at the lower limit of travel of the support would strip the gears, necessitating repairs.

To stop the downward movement of the support, a helical spring 50 (Figs. 1 and 8) is mounted on the standard 19 and retained above the base spider 15 by a nut and bolt 52, so that as the sheath 28 lowers it contacts the spring to bring the jack to a gradual stop.

The stub post 48 is adapted to have a sliding fit within the top of the support 20 so that it may be removed for shipping or packing.

Operation In operation a ceiling panel such as a large gypsum board panel (not shown) is placed on top of the spring support 22 it being supported at four points 25. At this time the support 20 is in its lowermost position.

To raise the panel the wheel 35 is turned which turns the pinion 39. The pinion 30, being in mesh with both the rack 32 and the rack 34 raises the sheath 28-28 on.

the standard 19 and at the same time raises the support 20 with respect to the sheath 28-28 and with respect to the standard 19, thus raising the panel into position against the ceiling. With the panel in contact with the ceiling, the panel may be adjusted to exact position, after which the crank or wheel 35 may be given an additional turn to cause the resilient spider 2 3 to press the panel firmly against the ceiling for nailing.

When the support 20 is moving upwardly the discs 46 loosen on the support permitting the support to rise through the discs. When the upward movement of the support 20, stops, however, the discs drop down due to one side being retainedin the slot 47 in the bracket and grip the support 20 locking the support in its upper position and preventing the support 20 from lowering.

In this position the panel may be nailed securely to the ceiling without help of other workers.

After the panel is seured in place the crank is turned to raise the support slightly thus loosening the grip of the discs 46 on the support. held up manually and the wheel 35 spun to lower the support 20 to. receive the next panel.

The provisionv of the wheel 35 enables the jack to be shifted readily to any desired position without the necessity of touching the panel itself.

It will be understood that the hereinbefore described forrn of the invention is to be taken merely as a preferred embodiment thereof and that various changes in size, shape and arrangement of parts may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the subjoined claims.

That which is claimed as new and is desired to be secured by United States Letters Patent is:

1. In a jack of the character described, a base, a tubular standard carried by said base and projecting thereabove, a tubular support member mounted above said standard and co-axial therewith, a sheath enclosing the upper portion of the standard and the lower portion of the support, a rack on said standard projecting upwardly within said sheath toward said support, a second rack on said support extending downwardly within said The discs 45 may then be sheath toward said standard and spaced from said first named rack, co-operating means including camming surfaces between the standard and the racks and between the support and the racks to permit telescoping of the racks past the adjacent ends of the standard and the support, and a pinion carried in said sheath engageable with both said racks to actuate the support.

2. In a jack of the character described, a base, a tubular standard carried by said base and projecting thereabove, a tubular support member mounted above said standard, a sheath enclosing the upper end of said standard and the lower portion of the support, a rack on said standard projecting upwardly within said sheath toward said support and extending in one position thereinto, a second rack on said support extending downwardly within said sheath toward said standard and extending in one position thereinto, said rack being spaced from said first named rack cooperating means including camming surfaces between the standard and the racks and between the support and the racks to permit telescoping of the racks past the adjacent ends of the standard and the support, a pinion carried in said sheath engageable with both said racks to raise the support, means within said sheath to retain the racks in engagement with said pinion, and means to releasably retain the support at its highest point.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,121,698 Weiss Dec. 22, 1914 1,213,800 Piper Jan. 23, 1917 1,486,797 Piper Mar. 11, 1924 1,762,397 Kinser June 10, 1930 1,879,865 Wright Sept. 27, 1932 2,648,160 Benson Apr. 26, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS 10,350 Great Britain 1893 530,505 Great Britain Dec. 12, 1940

US342478A 1953-03-16 1953-03-16 Ceiling jacks Expired - Lifetime US2765201A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2964279A (en) * 1958-03-27 1960-12-13 Harold B Galloway Outlet box support
US2964293A (en) * 1957-12-13 1960-12-13 Emery J Foth Jack for building material panels
US2969220A (en) * 1957-11-18 1961-01-24 Herbert D Spencer Device for elevating and aligning building material
US2986395A (en) * 1957-02-04 1961-05-30 Sheftel Harry Adjustable basketball goal
US3219563A (en) * 1960-06-22 1965-11-23 Ici Ltd Multi-electrolytic cell comprising a plurality of diaphragm-free unit cells and the use of same for preparing alkali metal chlorates
US4387881A (en) * 1981-07-02 1983-06-14 Mcduffie Thomas F Barge jacking apparatus
US4944501A (en) * 1986-07-18 1990-07-31 General Electric Cgr Sa Examination bed for NMR or tomodensitometry apparatus
US20080087788A1 (en) * 2006-10-13 2008-04-17 Ko-Po Cheng Height adjusting device
CN102996077A (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-03-27 常熟建工建设集团有限公司苏州分公司 High punch positioning device
CN103449328A (en) * 2013-09-04 2013-12-18 清华大学 Manual portable lifting device
WO2016071589A1 (en) * 2014-11-06 2016-05-12 Établissements Pierre Gréhal Et Cie Sa Lifting mechanism for an apparatus for lifting construction plates, lifting apparatus comprising this mechanism, and lifting method using this apparatus
US20190174967A1 (en) * 2017-12-07 2019-06-13 Helen Of Troy Limited Tension-mounted pole caddy

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1121698A (en) * 1913-09-06 1914-12-22 George W Weiss Dress-form.
US1213800A (en) * 1916-06-28 1917-01-23 Weber Joseph Lifting-jack and pulling device.
US1486797A (en) * 1923-05-18 1924-03-11 George W Laing Jack
US1762397A (en) * 1929-03-16 1930-06-10 James W Kinser Wall-board hoist
US1879865A (en) * 1930-04-12 1932-09-27 Dexter M Wright Collapsible music stand
GB530505A (en) * 1939-06-27 1940-12-12 Harold Charles Swith Improved telescopic tubular props, struts, and like supports, and telescopic tubes in general
US2648160A (en) * 1950-03-30 1953-08-11 Noble Van Voorhis Sound-making wheeled stick horse

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1121698A (en) * 1913-09-06 1914-12-22 George W Weiss Dress-form.
US1213800A (en) * 1916-06-28 1917-01-23 Weber Joseph Lifting-jack and pulling device.
US1486797A (en) * 1923-05-18 1924-03-11 George W Laing Jack
US1762397A (en) * 1929-03-16 1930-06-10 James W Kinser Wall-board hoist
US1879865A (en) * 1930-04-12 1932-09-27 Dexter M Wright Collapsible music stand
GB530505A (en) * 1939-06-27 1940-12-12 Harold Charles Swith Improved telescopic tubular props, struts, and like supports, and telescopic tubes in general
US2648160A (en) * 1950-03-30 1953-08-11 Noble Van Voorhis Sound-making wheeled stick horse

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2986395A (en) * 1957-02-04 1961-05-30 Sheftel Harry Adjustable basketball goal
US2969220A (en) * 1957-11-18 1961-01-24 Herbert D Spencer Device for elevating and aligning building material
US2964293A (en) * 1957-12-13 1960-12-13 Emery J Foth Jack for building material panels
US2964279A (en) * 1958-03-27 1960-12-13 Harold B Galloway Outlet box support
US3219563A (en) * 1960-06-22 1965-11-23 Ici Ltd Multi-electrolytic cell comprising a plurality of diaphragm-free unit cells and the use of same for preparing alkali metal chlorates
US4387881A (en) * 1981-07-02 1983-06-14 Mcduffie Thomas F Barge jacking apparatus
US4944501A (en) * 1986-07-18 1990-07-31 General Electric Cgr Sa Examination bed for NMR or tomodensitometry apparatus
US20080087788A1 (en) * 2006-10-13 2008-04-17 Ko-Po Cheng Height adjusting device
CN102996077A (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-03-27 常熟建工建设集团有限公司苏州分公司 High punch positioning device
CN103449328A (en) * 2013-09-04 2013-12-18 清华大学 Manual portable lifting device
CN103449328B (en) * 2013-09-04 2016-04-20 清华大学 A kind of Manual portable lifting apparatus
WO2016071589A1 (en) * 2014-11-06 2016-05-12 Établissements Pierre Gréhal Et Cie Sa Lifting mechanism for an apparatus for lifting construction plates, lifting apparatus comprising this mechanism, and lifting method using this apparatus
FR3028278A1 (en) * 2014-11-06 2016-05-13 Etablissements Pierre Grehal Et Cie Sa Lifting mechanism for construction plate lifting apparatus, lifting apparatus comprising such a mechanism, lifting method using such apparatus
CN107002423A (en) * 2014-11-06 2017-08-01 皮埃尔格雷哈尔机构公司 Lift the elevating mechanism including jacking equipment, the elevating method using this equipment of this mechanism of the equipment of building board
US20190174967A1 (en) * 2017-12-07 2019-06-13 Helen Of Troy Limited Tension-mounted pole caddy
US10485383B2 (en) * 2017-12-07 2019-11-26 Helen Of Troy Limited Tension-mounted pole caddy

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