US2764107A - Framework for portable building - Google Patents

Framework for portable building Download PDF

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US2764107A
US2764107A US20778651A US2764107A US 2764107 A US2764107 A US 2764107A US 20778651 A US20778651 A US 20778651A US 2764107 A US2764107 A US 2764107A
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Prior art keywords
plates
ends
joists
king
sections
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Emerson A Niswonger
Keith E Niswonger
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Emerson A Niswonger
Keith E Niswonger
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/343Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport
    • E04B1/34315Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport characterised by separable parts
    • E04B1/34326Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport characterised by separable parts mainly constituted by longitudinal elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/02Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation with plane sloping surfaces, e.g. saddle roofs
    • E04B7/022Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation with plane sloping surfaces, e.g. saddle roofs consisting of a plurality of parallel similar trusses or portal frames
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C3/11Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal with non-parallel upper and lower edges, e.g. roof trusses
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C2003/0486Truss like structures composed of separate truss elements
    • E04C2003/0491Truss like structures composed of separate truss elements the truss elements being located in one single surface or in several parallel surfaces

Description

p 1956 E. A. NISWCJNGER ET AL 2,764,107

FRAMEWORK FOR PORTABLE BUILDING Filed Jan. 25, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 mq A a4- MM INVENTOR. 1526/1300 ,4. Man/gym yona KPH/ Mime/yer ATTORNEYS mph 25,. 1956 E. A. mswmmafizm ET AL EW WW FRAMEWORK FOR PORTABLE BUILDING Filed Jan. 25, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet B United States Patent FRAMEWORK FOR PORTABLE BUILDING Emerson A. Niswonger and Keith E. Niswonger, Wallace, Kans.

Appiication .lianuary 25, 1951, Serial No. 207,786 1 Claim. (Cl. 108-23) This invention relates to a portable building or shelter and particularly to a skeleton structure therefor. For example, graziers of cattle and sheep transport their herds from one grazing location to another and they require relatively large shelters to protect the animals from the weather. Such sheds must be easily transported and quickly erected and dismantled with a minimum of labor, and the structures must be capable of withstanding the severe winds and roof loads usually encountered on grazing lands.

It is therefore the principal objects of the present inven tion to provide a skeleton structure that is of light weight and strong construction, which is quickly and easily erected and dismantled without skilled labor, and in which the parts may be easily transported from one grazing site to another.

Further objects of the invention are to provide a skeleton structure composed of sections for erecting a shelter of a desired size; and to :provide a structure which utilizes tubular members since such members have a high strength, low weight ratio and are adapted to be easily welded together with the necessary fittings for connecting one section with another.

In accomplishing these and other objects of the invention hereinafter pointed out, we have provided improved structure the preferred form of which is illustrated in the accompanying drawings wherein:

Fig. 1 is a perspective View of one end of the skeleton work of a shelter or building embodying the features of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of the sections composing one of the roof trusses and showing the method of connecting the sections together at the ridge of the bulding.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary section showing the truss sections after they have been connected together.

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary plan view showing the manner of connecting the ridge pole with the intermediate trusses.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of the outer end of one of the roof trusses particularly illustrating support thereof and the manner of connecting the cave plates or joists at the cave of the roof.

Pig. 6 is a fragmentary plan view of one corner of the skelton structure particularly illustrating one of the brace members and connection thereof with the cave plates or joists and adjacent truss.

Fig. 7 is a fragmentary section showing support of a truss on a supporting post.

Pig. 8 is a detail perspective view showing the method of connecting the purlins or joists with the roof trusses, the joists being shown in disconnected spaced relation with respect to the trusses.

Fig. 9 is a perspective view of the ridge portion of one of the outer trusses showing the method of connecting one of the ridge plates or joists, the ridge joist being shown in disconnected spaced relation to better illustrate the construction.

ice

Fig. 10 is a fragmentary section through a modified form of fasteners for the roof joists or purlins.

Referring more in detail to the drawings:

1 designates a skeleton structure for a portable building or shed that is constructed in accordance with the present invention. The skeleton structure includes outer roof trusses 2 and a series of intermediate trusses 3 supported on posts 4 at the respective ends of the trusses. In the illustrated instance, each truss is composed of rafter-like sections 5 and 6 that are removably connected together at the ridge portions thereof to promote portability thereof. Each section is of identically the same construction and comprises upper and lower cords or rafters 7 and 8 that are preferably formed of tubular members and which are connected at their outer ends by tubes 9 and at their inner ends by king plates '10 that are of longer length than the tubes 9. The ends of the tubular members 7 and 8 are preferably welded to the tubes 9 and king plates 10 so that the tubes 9 and king plates 10 are substantially perpendicular when the truss sections are in position in the roof structure. The upper and lower cords of the rafter-like sections are interconnected at spaced points along the ends thereof by queen posts 1'1 that are also preferably formed of tubular stock and are welded at the ends to the respective cords. The queen posts are braced by struts 12 arranged in any suitable pattern. The tubes 9 constitute sockets 13 for receiving the upper ends of the posts which abut against straps 1 4 that are welded diametrically across the upper ends of the tubes as best shown in Figs. 5 and 7.

The king plates 10 of the respective truss sections are provided with means for securing the sections together as now to be described. 'Spaced below the upper ends of the king plates 10 a distance substantially conforming with the width of the ridge poles or joists 15 are sleeve members 16 and 17 that are spaced apart on the face of one of the plates and a single transverse sleeve member 18 that is fixed to the other king plate and adapted to engage between the sleeve members 16 and 17. Also attached in similar but alternate relation at the lower ends of the king plates 10 are similar spaced sleeve members '19 and 20 and an intermediate member '21. The sleeve members may be formed of short sections of tubular stock that are welded transversely to the inner faces of the plates as best shown in Figs. 2 and 3. When the truss sections are placed in alignment with the members 18 and 21 engaged. between the members 16- 17 and 19-20 respectively, the sections are connected together by pins 22 and 23 that are passed through the registering bores 24 in the sleeve members, as best shown in Fig. 3. With this arrangement the sections of the truss are rigidly retained in alignment with each other as best shown in Fig. l. The struts between the king plates and the adjacent queen posts may be arranged to transmit loads against the king plates at the points of the cleat members as shown in Fig. 3.

Fixed to the inner sides of the upper cord members of the outer trusses and both opposite sides 3 the intermediate trusses are channel-like brackets 25 having wedge-shaped sockets 26 opening from the upper ends thereof as indicated at 2.7 to receive similarly formed wedge-shaped heads 28 that are attached to the ends of the cave joists or plates 29 and intermediate joists or purlins 30 for connection with the respective trusses as best shown in Pig. 1. The joists may be formed of any suitable material, for example, lumber of standard dimension and which is readily attainable. The wedge-shaped heads 28 may be carried by webs 31 having lateral base flanges 32 which may be secured to the ends of the joists by suitable fastening devices such as nails or screws. The ridge joists or plates are of similar construction and are inserted between the king plates of the truss sections for 3 support on the uppermost cleat members 16 as shown in Fig. 3.

The ridge joists or plates are interconnected as best shown in Fig. 4, each joist being provided with a plate 33 and 34 at their respective ends that are attached to the side faces of the joists by fastening devices such as bolts 35. The plates project from the ends of the joists and terminate in oppositely disposed flanges 36 and 37 on the respective ends of said joists and are also provided with cleats 38 secured as by welding to the opposite sides relative to the flanges 36 and 37 and are spaced therefrom so that when the flanges are in hooked relation and inserted in the slot formed by the connection of the truss members 5 and 6, the cleats will contact the opposite sides of the king plates and maintain a tight union of the neighboring ends of the joists. The outer-most plates are formed as above described and are attached to the end trusses in a similar manner wherein one of the king plates is provided with a cleat 39 over which the flange 37 is hooked and held in contact therewith by the cleats 38 bearing on the sides of the king plate 10.

The juncture of the trusses with the cave joists or plates are preferably connected by braces 41 having similar T- shaped fasteners 42 that are adapted to engage in channel-like brackets 43 similar to the attaching brackets previously described.

In assembling the skeleton structure to form a shelter of a given length, a suitable number of the roof truss sections are selected and connected together with the king plate ends thereof in facing relation and with the sleeve members 1S-21 engaging between the pairs of sleeve members 16-17 and 19-20, after which the pins 22 and 23 are inserted through the registering bores or openings 24. The ends of the posts 4 are then inserted in the sockets formed by the tubes 9 with the upper ends of the posts abutting against the straps 14 as shown in Fig. 5. The trusses may then be raised and spaced apart by the ridge and cave joists or plates and 29, the wedgeshaped heads 28 on the ends of the cave joists 29 being moved into engagement with the wedge shaped sockets attached to the ends of the respective trusses. The ridge joists or plates 15 are then inserted with the flanges 36 and 37 of the plates 33 and 34 interengaged and positioned between the king plates 10 as shown in Figs. 3 and 4. The intermediate joists or purlins are then applied in a manner similar to the cave joists or plates after which the diagonal braces 41 are engaged with the cave joists and the sockets 43 on the upper cords 7 of the roof trusses as shown in Fig. 6. A suitable covering which forms no part of the invention but which is disclosed and claimed in a copending application filed even date herewith is applied to the skeleton structure to complete the shelter.

It is to be noted that when the pins 22 and 23 are in place and the ridge sections are connected together and engaged between the king plates 10 of the neighboring ends of the respective rafter sections, the hook-like flanges 36 and 37 cannot become disengaged. Also, the ridge sections form a rigid union between the rafter sections by preventing hinging movement of the rafter sec tions on the pins 22 and 23.

The skeleton structure is readily disassembled by reversing the operations.

In Fig. 10 is illustrated a modified structure utilizing tubes and 51 as the roof joists. These tubes are secured together at their ends and to the roof trusses by tongues 52 Welded to an end of one member as shown at 53 and which extend through loops 54 that are attached to the undersides of the truss members 7. The free ends of the tongues have apertures 55 to pass studs 56 that are carried by plates 57 welded to the adjacent end of the next joist. The pin 56 has a transverse opening 58 to pass a cotter pin 59 which retains the parts in assembly.

From the foregoing, it is obvious that we have provided a skeleton structure for portable building wherein the parts are readily interconnected when the shelter is to be erected and which are readily disconnected when the shelter is to be dismantled for transportation to another grazing site.

It is also obvious that the skeleton structure is of strong, light weight construction and is adapted to withstand relatively high winds and loads to which such structures are subjected.

What we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

A roof frame for a building including laterally spaced apart roof trusses arranged in parallel alignment and each including rafter-like sections having king plates on neighboring ends of said sections with the king plate on one section having a flat face side facing a corresponding fiat face side of the king plate on the neighboring section, a plurality of vertically aligned spaced sleeves having rigid mounting on the faces of said king plates with the sleeves on one king plate in registry with spaces between the sleeves of the other king plate, said sleeves having vertically aligned bores, pins extending through said bores to secure said neighboring ends of the sections together, the upper of said sleeves being down-set from upper ends of the king plates to provide space between the king plates for receiving ridge members, aligned ridge members, plates fixed to adjacent ends of the aligned ridge members with a portion of the plate on one ridge n1ember lapping a portion of the plate on the other ridge member within said space between the king plates, said plates having interengaging flanges on said facing sides of said lapping portions of the plates, and said plates having outer face sides closely engaging the flat facing sides of the king plates to maintain interengagement of said flanges and to form a rigid union between the neighboring ends of the rafter sections for preventing hinging of the rafter sections on said pins.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2868146A (en) * 1952-08-06 1959-01-13 Mackintosh Charles Truss constructions
US3037593A (en) * 1959-06-25 1962-06-05 Clifford L Webster Partition construction
US3058132A (en) * 1957-08-15 1962-10-16 Hedstrom Ake Substructure of interchangeable building components with overlying carriageway
US3224151A (en) * 1962-06-26 1965-12-21 Inland Steel Products Company Roof beams and supporting columns
US4948289A (en) * 1989-03-07 1990-08-14 Dellinger Drew E Support frame corner connector
EP0431353A1 (en) * 1989-11-15 1991-06-12 Technischer Überwachungs-Verein Bayern e.V. Collapsible shed
US5454201A (en) * 1992-11-23 1995-10-03 Slonim; Jeffrey M. Prefabricated truss
WO1996020318A1 (en) * 1994-12-28 1996-07-04 Joseph Bernardi System roof
US6044593A (en) * 1998-01-28 2000-04-04 Puls; John L. Free hanging canopy
US6293057B1 (en) * 1997-02-19 2001-09-25 Gary David Amos Hays Lightweight pre-engineered prefabricated modular building system
US6367496B1 (en) * 2000-09-18 2002-04-09 Dryrainge Equipment Company Inc. Driving range shelter
US6418953B1 (en) * 2000-06-05 2002-07-16 John T. Novotny Canopy system
US20050194030A1 (en) * 2004-02-27 2005-09-08 Opac, Llc Shelter having an extendable roof
US20050194031A1 (en) * 2004-03-04 2005-09-08 Tracy Forlini Goldwitz System and method for storing, assembling and transporting a canopy
WO2006008176A1 (en) * 2004-07-22 2006-01-26 V & M Deutschland Gmbh Industrialized roofing system for large spans in tubular structure
US6994099B2 (en) 2001-10-26 2006-02-07 Opac, Llc Shelter with twist tight canopy and method for assembling same
ES2324757A1 (en) * 2007-06-18 2009-08-13 Estructuras Jomar Coyes, S.L. Roofing structure.
US20100326003A1 (en) * 2009-06-26 2010-12-30 Global Truss America, Llc Portable modular roof truss system
US20120011797A1 (en) * 2007-01-26 2012-01-19 C. Green & Sons, Inc. Tapered truss
US20120324827A1 (en) * 2011-06-25 2012-12-27 James Forero Bracing system for reinforcing beams
US20130145719A1 (en) * 2011-12-07 2013-06-13 Test Rite International Company Limited Gazebo
US20160298345A1 (en) * 2013-12-20 2016-10-13 Sitecover Aps On-site mobile facility
US9879414B2 (en) * 2015-05-12 2018-01-30 Power Solutions International, Inc. Three dimensional structural frames and enclosures

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US799544A (en) * 1904-12-05 1905-09-12 Charles A Dennis Frame for buildings.
US1165419A (en) * 1911-05-01 1915-12-28 King Construction Company Truss-coupling.
FR20234E (en) * 1912-05-30 1917-03-14 Auguste Marie Ernest Monnot Removable construction system for light sheds, and other applications
FR487326A (en) * 1917-10-12 1918-06-25 Societe C & O Moraz Freres barracks
DE533626C (en) * 1929-02-09 1931-09-18 Johannes Kolb Fa Wooden combination of components
US1958296A (en) * 1933-08-04 1934-05-08 Clifton Mfg Company Tent frame
US2057942A (en) * 1935-01-29 1936-10-20 Fay Marc Aurele Alfred Toy construction unit
GB472391A (en) * 1937-02-23 1937-09-23 Bernard James Gibbs Improvements in or relating to means for joining the members in metallic structures
US2334435A (en) * 1942-04-13 1943-11-16 Mechanical Handling Sys Inc Folding frame structure
US2473017A (en) * 1943-11-01 1949-06-14 Burke H Critchfield Building structure
US2513729A (en) * 1948-08-20 1950-07-04 Springfield Tent & Awning Co Chapel tent
US2541784A (en) * 1946-06-22 1951-02-13 Nat Steel Corp Roof construction

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US799544A (en) * 1904-12-05 1905-09-12 Charles A Dennis Frame for buildings.
US1165419A (en) * 1911-05-01 1915-12-28 King Construction Company Truss-coupling.
FR20234E (en) * 1912-05-30 1917-03-14 Auguste Marie Ernest Monnot Removable construction system for light sheds, and other applications
FR487326A (en) * 1917-10-12 1918-06-25 Societe C & O Moraz Freres barracks
DE533626C (en) * 1929-02-09 1931-09-18 Johannes Kolb Fa Wooden combination of components
US1958296A (en) * 1933-08-04 1934-05-08 Clifton Mfg Company Tent frame
US2057942A (en) * 1935-01-29 1936-10-20 Fay Marc Aurele Alfred Toy construction unit
GB472391A (en) * 1937-02-23 1937-09-23 Bernard James Gibbs Improvements in or relating to means for joining the members in metallic structures
US2334435A (en) * 1942-04-13 1943-11-16 Mechanical Handling Sys Inc Folding frame structure
US2473017A (en) * 1943-11-01 1949-06-14 Burke H Critchfield Building structure
US2541784A (en) * 1946-06-22 1951-02-13 Nat Steel Corp Roof construction
US2513729A (en) * 1948-08-20 1950-07-04 Springfield Tent & Awning Co Chapel tent

Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2868146A (en) * 1952-08-06 1959-01-13 Mackintosh Charles Truss constructions
US3058132A (en) * 1957-08-15 1962-10-16 Hedstrom Ake Substructure of interchangeable building components with overlying carriageway
US3037593A (en) * 1959-06-25 1962-06-05 Clifford L Webster Partition construction
US3224151A (en) * 1962-06-26 1965-12-21 Inland Steel Products Company Roof beams and supporting columns
US4948289A (en) * 1989-03-07 1990-08-14 Dellinger Drew E Support frame corner connector
EP0431353A1 (en) * 1989-11-15 1991-06-12 Technischer Überwachungs-Verein Bayern e.V. Collapsible shed
US5454201A (en) * 1992-11-23 1995-10-03 Slonim; Jeffrey M. Prefabricated truss
WO1996020318A1 (en) * 1994-12-28 1996-07-04 Joseph Bernardi System roof
NL9402229A (en) * 1994-12-28 1996-08-01 Joseph Bernardi Systeemdak.
US5930957A (en) * 1994-12-28 1999-08-03 Bernardi; Joseph System roof
US6293057B1 (en) * 1997-02-19 2001-09-25 Gary David Amos Hays Lightweight pre-engineered prefabricated modular building system
US6044593A (en) * 1998-01-28 2000-04-04 Puls; John L. Free hanging canopy
US6418953B1 (en) * 2000-06-05 2002-07-16 John T. Novotny Canopy system
US6367496B1 (en) * 2000-09-18 2002-04-09 Dryrainge Equipment Company Inc. Driving range shelter
US6994099B2 (en) 2001-10-26 2006-02-07 Opac, Llc Shelter with twist tight canopy and method for assembling same
US20090293927A1 (en) * 2004-02-27 2009-12-03 Shelterlogic Llc Shelter having an extendable roof
US20050194030A1 (en) * 2004-02-27 2005-09-08 Opac, Llc Shelter having an extendable roof
US20090056779A1 (en) * 2004-02-27 2009-03-05 Shelterlogic, Llc Auxiliary section for a canopy
US7296584B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2007-11-20 Shelterlogic Llc System and method for storing, assembling and transporting a canopy
US20080035194A1 (en) * 2004-03-04 2008-02-14 Shelterlogic, Llc System and method for storing, assembling and transporting a canopy
US20050194031A1 (en) * 2004-03-04 2005-09-08 Tracy Forlini Goldwitz System and method for storing, assembling and transporting a canopy
WO2006008176A1 (en) * 2004-07-22 2006-01-26 V & M Deutschland Gmbh Industrialized roofing system for large spans in tubular structure
US8671642B2 (en) * 2007-01-26 2014-03-18 Wayne Green Tapered truss
US9689163B2 (en) 2007-01-26 2017-06-27 Morton Building, Inc. Tapered truss
US9181700B2 (en) 2007-01-26 2015-11-10 Morton Building, Inc. Tapered truss
US20120011797A1 (en) * 2007-01-26 2012-01-19 C. Green & Sons, Inc. Tapered truss
ES2324757A1 (en) * 2007-06-18 2009-08-13 Estructuras Jomar Coyes, S.L. Roofing structure.
US8627633B2 (en) * 2009-06-26 2014-01-14 Global Truss America, Llc Portable modular roof truss system
US8800238B2 (en) 2009-06-26 2014-08-12 Global Truss America, Llc Portable modular roof truss system
US20100326003A1 (en) * 2009-06-26 2010-12-30 Global Truss America, Llc Portable modular roof truss system
US20120324827A1 (en) * 2011-06-25 2012-12-27 James Forero Bracing system for reinforcing beams
US20130145719A1 (en) * 2011-12-07 2013-06-13 Test Rite International Company Limited Gazebo
US20160298345A1 (en) * 2013-12-20 2016-10-13 Sitecover Aps On-site mobile facility
US9879414B2 (en) * 2015-05-12 2018-01-30 Power Solutions International, Inc. Three dimensional structural frames and enclosures

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