US27636A - Improvement in harvesters - Google Patents

Improvement in harvesters Download PDF


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US27636A US27636DA US27636A US 27636 A US27636 A US 27636A US 27636D A US27636D A US 27636DA US 27636 A US27636 A US 27636A
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    • A01D75/00Accessories for harvesters or mowers
    • A01D75/18Safety devices for parts of the machines


2 SheetsSheet 1-. E. JONES.


No. 27,636. Patented March 27, 186.0.

- 2 Sheets-8heet 2. E- JONES.


No. 27,636. Patented March 27, 1860.

I, in




Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 27,636, dated March 27 1860.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, EDWIN JoNEs, of Ohester Cross Roads, in the county of Geauga, in the State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combined Reapers and Mowers, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to theaccompanyingdrawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, forming a part of this specification, in which- Figure l is a plan view, Fig. 2 a rear View, Fig. 3 a side view, of a portion of the machine which runs next to the standing grain or grass; Fig. 4, a similar view, showing the cutting apparatus turned up for transportation or to avoid obstructions; and Fig. 5, a section on line A B, Fig. 1, showing the inclined plane at the heel of the finger and cutter bars.

The rectangular frame A is supported by means of two wheels, B B, which turn loosely on stationary journals I I. The wheel B, being the driving-wheel, is provided with coggearing on the inner face to work into gear with the cogs on the wheel attached to the end of the shaft J. The position of the gear-wheel on the end of the shaft J is indicated in dotted lines in Fig. l.

Motion is communicated to the cutting apparatus from the shaft J by means of the gear K taking into a small gear-wheel on the end of crank-shaft J, to which the pitman is attached which operates the cutter-bar.

H is the drivers seat, and D the rakers seat, the latter being supported by the projecting arm D.

The finger-bar F is attached to a frame, E, which is supported by means of the wheel Gr on shaft. b and by the swivel-piece j, which is hinged to the lugs or earst' ion the main frame. (See Fig. 1.) The inner shoe, d, or extension of a post of the frame E, is also connected to the main frame by means of a coupling-piece, M, hinged to a bracket attached to the main frame at n and to the shoe d or frame E at 'n. The point where the coupling-arm M is hinged to the main frame is nearly on a line with the crank-shaft J, and is so arranged for the purpose of preventing the relative position of the cutters, as respects the fingers, from beingvaried too much by the rising and falling of the outer end of the finger-bar.

E is a sheath, which covers the space in front of the wheel G and between the brace-piece F and the outer piece BFfHEe'E, and also helps I to strengthen the frame E at the point where the outer shoe, 0, is attached.

The heel of the finger-bar is provided with an inclined plane or wedge, 1, directly under the heel of the cutter-bar It. (See Fig. 5.) By the use of the inclined plane I it is found that the cutter-bar works with greater ease when the cutting apparatus is rising and falling to conform to the irregularities of the ground than if theinclined plane were notused. Theheelofthe cutter-baris slightly curved, as shown in Fig. 5.

)Nhen the driver desires to raise the front of the finger-bar and cutting apparatus he takes hold oflever fand depresses the end next to his seat, when the front end,whichis bent and supported in bearings 0 0,is revolved,and thereby the extreme front end, f, to which is attached a cord or chain, c, from the shoe d or extension of the frame E, is elevated, together with the fin ger-bar F and cutting apparatus. The lever fis held in any desired position by means of pins or a catch placed in holesin the standard g. When the front only of the frame E is elevated it oscillates on the wheel G and swivelj.

It sometimes happens that it is desirable to raise the frame E entirely off of the ground, in which case the frame E is turned up toward the frame, as shown in Fig. 4, where it can be held or fastened in any desirable manner. One way of holding it is shown in the drawings, where a rope or chain, It, is fastened to the leverf, and then hitched or looped over the end of the frame E. (See Fig.4.) The front or shoe part, d, of the frame E is sustained above the ground by the cord 6 and leverfwhen the machine is to be moved from place to place. The frame E, when the machine is used for mowing, has no covering, so that the grass as it is cut falls back over the fingers m and fingerbar F onto the ground.

When the machine is to be used for cutting grain a platform is placed over the entire frame E if the grain is long; but if thegrain to be cut is short, then only a portion of the front of the frame E is covered with the platform.

The mode of raking the grain from the platform is as follows If the grain is long, the raker from his seat D gathers the grain to the outer side of the platform, and then rakes it off onto the ground, just in rear of the brace F; but if the grain is short, then only a portion of the platform is covered, (just enough to support the cut grain,) and the raker, after gath- Having described my improved combined ering the grain to the outer side, rakes it OK on the ground in front of the rear timber of the frame E. The reel is to be supported on the frame E, and receives its motion from a band or beltpassingover the pnlleyaon shaft 1).

By means of the arrangement of the rakers seat I), as respects the frame E, as fully shown in the drawings, the raker can elevate the front of the frame E, together with the cutting apparatus, by simply pressing the rear end of the frame E with his foot to passover obstructions or in turning. The position of the raker is also such that he can relieve'or assist the reel in separating tangled grain to be cut from that which is to be passed by the machine.

Other modes of gearing for operating the cutting apparatus may be employed different from that herein described, if preferred.

reaper and mower, whatI claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. Hinging the frame E to the inside of the main frame within the periphery of the Wheel B,in combination with hinging the front to the main frame by the coupling-arm M, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

2. The rakersseat D, arranged in relation to and combined with the main frame A A and frame E,substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

3. The inclined plane I, in combination with i the heel of the cutter-bar, substantially as set forth.


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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4954002A (en) * 1982-03-16 1990-09-04 Parker Pen (Benelux) B.V. Writing instrument with membrane vent and their manufacture

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4954002A (en) * 1982-03-16 1990-09-04 Parker Pen (Benelux) B.V. Writing instrument with membrane vent and their manufacture

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