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US275759A - Wilhelm fjschee - Google Patents

Wilhelm fjschee Download PDF

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US275759A
US275759A US275759DA US275759A US 275759 A US275759 A US 275759A US 275759D A US275759D A US 275759DA US 275759 A US275759 A US 275759A
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fork
forks
ot
sounding
board
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03BGENERATION OF OSCILLATIONS, DIRECTLY OR BY FREQUENCY-CHANGING, BY CIRCUITS EMPLOYING ACTIVE ELEMENTS WHICH OPERATE IN A NON-SWITCHING MANNER; GENERATION OF NOISE BY SUCH CIRCUITS
    • H03B5/00Generation of oscillations using amplifier with regenerative feedback from output to input
    • H03B5/30Generation of oscillations using amplifier with regenerative feedback from output to input with frequency-determining element being electromechanical resonator

Description

.um E. H HU S Tl.- P W PIANO FORTE.

No. 275,759. Patented Apr. 10,1883.

InyeM-OT Il d rl. PETERS. Pmw-Lkmmphnr. wnmmnn. D, C.

UNITED STATES WILHELM FISCHER, OF LEIPSIC, SAXONY, GERMANY.

PIANO- SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Application tiled December 18, 1882.

To all whom it may concern:

Beit known that I, WILHELM FISCHER, instrument maker, residing in Leipsic, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire, have invented new and useful Improvements in Piano-Fortes, ot' which the following is a specification.

My invention consists in improvements in the pianos described in the specification ot' my application for United States Letters Patent No. 50,496, of the 19th January, 1882, and in which the notes are produced by sounding-forks. 1y continued experiments I have found that the forks, when they are iixed to the sounding-board, have a prejudicial influence on each other, inasmuch as their sound, however l'ull and sonorous it may be when there are but few forks in the instrument, will be considerably reduced in strength when the whole series is secured to the board. In order to remove this inconvenience, I at present attach the forks to an independent bar, and I establish their connection with the sounding-board separately for each fork at the moment it is struck by the hammer, and for the time only that its sound is desired to be heard. This connection is obtained by means of a piece which I have called the transmitter,77 and which is operated by the key and adapted to convey the vibrations of the fork to the sounding-board.

The invention is represented on the annexed sheet of drawings in Figures 1 and 2 in two different arrangements. Fig. 3 shows a moditication ot" a part thereof, while Fig. 4 is a fork embodying an improvement by which greater purity of tone is attained.

The forks ay are carried by a bar, b, consisting ot` lead strengthened by a core of iron, or of any other suitable material being a bad conductor of sound. To this bar the forks may be tixed directly with their stem; but by preference the attachment is made by means of a hinge, lf, andan arm, fi, as shown in Figs. l and 2, the fork being at the same time held between two screws, q and r, having knobs faced with soft material, or in other convenient manner. In order to reduce the transmission of vibrations from the forks to the bar b, the arms t are, with advantage, made of two parts, between which a piece of indiarubber or felt, 85o., is inserted, as represented by Fig. 3.

m is theintermediate piece. or transmitter, by which the temporary contact between a FORTE.

Patent No. 275,759, dated April 10, 1883,

(No model.)

fork struck by its hammer, and the soundingboard d is established. The same is xed, according to Fig. 1, with one end to theledge c of the said board d. In its position of rest this piece does not touch the fork or the hinge part s; but it is suticiently elastic so that, when the keyj' is depressed, the pin or lifter g will press its free end against the stem of the fork, or the part s, as the case may be, and thus produce the contact requisite for the trans mission of the vibrations. This contact is maintained as long as the key is depressed, and is broken when the latter is released. 1f preferred, the transmitter may be attached to or form one piece with the hinge part s, while it is arranged to be brought in and out of contact with the ledge c.

According to the drawings, the lifter gis operated by a lever, h, acted upon by the key f. The purpose of this lever is to reduce the stroke ofthe lifter, which would be disadvantageously greatif the latter were connected to the end of the key.

ln the modification represented by Fig. 2

the transmitter forms the head of the lifter g,

and is so arranged that, when raised by the key, it will simultaneously touch the ledge c and the fork-stein or the hinge part s.

According to my aforesaid former specification, the secondary or harmonic note of sound ing-forks is suppressed by means of an elastic ring placed around one of the prongs of the fork. The same ei'ect may be obtained by making one prong ot' the fork thicker than the other one, as is shown in Fig. 4.

I claim as my invention- 1. In a piano, the sounding-forks a., secured to a bar-,1), independently of the soundingboard, in combination with the transmitters m and means connecting said transmitters with the keysf, whereby a transmitter establishes contact between the fork and the soundin g-board upon the depression ot' a key, suhstantially as and for the purpose described.

2. In a sounding-fork piano, sounding-forks having one prong thicker than the other, as and for the purpose hercinbefore set forth.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

WILHELM FISCHER.

Witnesses:

G. W. FISCHER, FEED. P. WIsKIE.

US275759A Wilhelm fjschee Expired - Lifetime US275759A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2681588A (en) * 1952-04-08 1954-06-22 Biddle Co James G Vibrating reed device
US3405589A (en) * 1966-12-14 1968-10-15 Thomas E. Myers Tuning fork
US6794890B1 (en) * 1999-07-27 2004-09-21 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Test socket, method of manufacturing the test socket, test method using the test socket, and member to be tested

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2681588A (en) * 1952-04-08 1954-06-22 Biddle Co James G Vibrating reed device
US3405589A (en) * 1966-12-14 1968-10-15 Thomas E. Myers Tuning fork
US6794890B1 (en) * 1999-07-27 2004-09-21 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Test socket, method of manufacturing the test socket, test method using the test socket, and member to be tested
US20040209491A1 (en) * 1999-07-27 2004-10-21 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Test socket, method of manufacturing the test socket, test method using the test socket, and member to be tested
US7112976B2 (en) 1999-07-27 2006-09-26 Misubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Test socket, method of manufacturing the test socket, test method using the test socket, and member to be tested

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