US275604A - debozjtteyille - Google Patents

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US275604A
US275604A US275604DA US275604A US 275604 A US275604 A US 275604A US 275604D A US275604D A US 275604DA US 275604 A US275604 A US 275604A
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shaft
wheel
slide
motion
work
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B3/00General-purpose turning-machines or devices, e.g. centre lathes with feed rod and lead screw; Sets of turning-machines
    • B23B3/08Turning-machines characterised by the use of faceplates
    • B23B3/10Turning-machines characterised by the use of faceplates with the faceplate horizontal, i.e. vertical boring and turning machines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/51Plural diverse manufacturing apparatus including means for metal shaping or assembling
    • Y10T29/5104Type of machine
    • Y10T29/5109Lathe
    • Y10T29/5111Pulley or wheel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T408/00Cutting by use of rotating axially moving tool
    • Y10T408/34Combined cutting means
    • Y10T408/356Combined cutting means including plunging [single stroke] cutter
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T408/00Cutting by use of rotating axially moving tool
    • Y10T408/65Means to drive tool
    • Y10T408/675Means to drive tool including means to move Tool along tool-axis
    • Y10T408/6779Rack and pinion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T409/00Gear cutting, milling, or planing
    • Y10T409/50Planing
    • Y10T409/504756Planing with means to relatively infeed cutter and work
    • Y10T409/505412Reciprocating work infeed means

Description

(No Mode 1.) Sheets-Sheet; 1.
v N 4 E. F. n. DEBOUTTEVILLE.
- MACHINE FOR SHAPING,"D'RILLING, BORING AND FACING METALS. N0. 275,604. Patented Apr. 10.1883.
N. PETERS. Phowunm n hw. Waihmglnn. 0.04
4 Sheets-Sheet 2.
(No Model.)
E. 31). DBBOUTTEVILLEL MACHINEv FOR SHAPING DRI LLING, BORING AND FACING METALS.
No. 275,604. Patented Apr.'10. 1883.
[lllll II II II II II N, PETERS. Phuwuxho n rm, Washington D. c.
(No Model.) 4 Sheets- -Sheet 3.
E. F. D. DBBOUTTEVILLE. MACHINE FOR SHAPING, DRILLING, BORING AND' FACING METALS.
No. 275,604. Patented Apr. 10,1883.
N. PETERS, Plwwuflm m hnr. Washinglou. D. c.
(No Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 4.
E. F. D. DEBOUTTE VILLE. A MACHINE FOR SHAPING, DRILLING, BORING AND meme METALS.
L aamW N. PErERs. Phuwblhogmpher. Washing'm'L D. c.
' III-UNITED STATES EfioUARD F.' D. DEBOUT'IEVIIILE, or ROUEN, FRANCE.
PATENT OFFICE,
'MACHINE F R SHAPING, DRILLING, BORING, AND FACING METALS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent a... 275,604, dated April 10, 1883.
Application filed April 6, 1882.
(No model.) Patented in France April 25, 1881, No.142,510; in England May 3, 1881, No.1,910,
and in Germany May 6, 1882, No. 16,381.
To all whom it may concern i Be it known that I, EDOUARD FaANgoIs DELAMARE DEBOUTTEVILLE, a citizen of the Republic of France, apd aresident of'Rouen, Seine Infrieure, France, havejnvented a cerlain Improved Machine for Shaping, Drilling, I Boring, and Facing Metals, (for which French Letters ,Patent No. 142,510, April 25, 1881, and British Letters Patent No. 1,910, May 3, 1881, have been granted,) of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to certain improvements in the construction of metal-working machines; and it consist in so constructing the machine that the article to be operated on, when once placed in position, may be drilled, bored, slotted, milled, planed, surfaced, and
' otherwisefinished without being removed from the work-table. By this means the work will be executed with greaterprecision and in much less time than in the ordinary waywith aseparate machine for each operation. Atthe same time the machine is so constructed as to insure a firm rigidityot' the parts, and thereby obtain perfect regularity in the work done.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1, Sheet 1, represents aside viewof my machine; Fig. 2, Sheet 3, a rear elevation Fig. 3, Sheet 2, a sectional plan on the line 3 4, Fig 4; Fig.
0 4, Sheet 2, a vertical section on the line 1 2, Fig. 3; Fig.5, Sheet4,a frontelevation, partly in section; Figs. 6 and 7, Sheet 3, enlarged sectional views of a part of the operating devices of the machine; and Figs. 5,8, and 9,
3 "detached views of parts of the apparatus.
A is a horizontal bench'bolted to the baseplate B, which is cast in one piece with a standard, B. The upper part of this stand ard is curved over and terminates in two ex- 0 tensions, a, which serve as guides to a vertical slide, G.
To guides on the horizontal bench A is adapted a saddle or carriage, O, to which a longitudinal motion on the bench may be imparted, as hereinafter described; and this saddle O is provided with guides at right angles to those of the bench A, and on these guides is mounted a second carriage, D, to which a 'transversemotion may be imparted. On this second carriage D is mounted a table,p, which is adapted to be rotated in a horizontal plane by the devices hereinafter described, and on which the work to be done is placed and secured.
The lower end of the slide 0 carries a tool- 5 holder, 0, which maybe of the ordinary construction. The slide also carries a vertical spindle, g, to which the drilling and similar tools are secured, and to which a rotary motion maybe imparted,as hereinafterdescribed. 6o Washers 0 0 are provided to compensate for the wear on the shoulders or collars on the spindle g, bearing against the bearings in the slide 0.
The principal portion of the driving-gear is arranged in the rear of the standard B, and the machine may be driven by a belt passing over a cone-pulley, P, the shaft of which carries a bevel-wheel, r, and pinion p, for transmitting power to different parts of the-ma- 7o chines. Thus the rotary motion of the pinion 1) is transmitted (Fig. 4) through the gearwheels of, bevel-Wheels h It, and gears t and j to the tool-spindle y when the wheel f is made fast to its shaft by the screw d. The upper end of the spindle 9 passes through the wheel 9', and is provided with a feather, so thatwhile it can slidefreely through the wheel in partaking of the vertical motion of the slide 0, Fig. 4, the tool-spindlerotates when the wheelj is rotated.
The miter-wheel 'l transmits motion, when desired, through the bevel-wheels It, l, and M, Fig. 4, to the carriages'O D and table 1), carrying the work.
The main shaft, carrying the driving-pulley P, also carries a pulley,p Figs. 3 and 4,which, through the intermediate belt-pulleys, 1" r Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 5, drives the pulley E for operating the differential movement on the shaft 0 G, Fig. 1, as more fully described hereinafter.
Having now briefly referred to some of the principal operating parts of the machine, I will proceed. to describe in detail the separate parts: first, the bench,sliding carriages,worktable, and accessories; secondly, the tool-carrying slide and its parts; and, thirdly, the difi'erent adjustments and. operations of the machine for the various classes of work to be done. IOO
I. The 'ZCOTL-MMG.AS indicated above, the work-table may have three different motions imparted to it in a horizontal plane: first, a longitudinal motion by the movement of the carriage G on the bed; second, a transverse motion by the movement of the carriage D on the carriage G; and, third, a rotary motion of the table on the carriage D. The longitudinal motion of the carriages and table on thebench may be either slow or fast, according to the nature of the work (milling or planing) to be done. The slow longitudinal motion is imparted to the carriages by means of a screwshaft, V, mounted in bearings in the bench A, and carrying atits outer end a band-pulley,g, which is loose on the end of the screw-shaft, but may be fixed thereto by screwing up the tightening-nut r,whichjams thepulleyagainst a shoulder on the screw-shaft V, as shown in Fig.1. Thisconvenientconstructionofcoupling has the advantage ofrendering the dismounting of any of the parts to stop the motion unnecessary, and permitsarapid change from mechanical to hand power when necessary, the end of the screw-shaft being provided with a crank-handle for the purpose. This coupling possesses the further advantage of permitting the automatic stoppage of the movement of the screw Vshould any unusual obstruction be presented to the tool,for then the frictional clamping action of the wheel a will not be sufficient to prevent the pulley g from slipping on the shaft V. The shaftV passes between the two parts of a nut, (l (I, Fig. 5, which is guided in lugs projecting from the under side of the carriage C. The two parts of this nut may be brought together and into gear with the screwshaft, or separated and out of gear therewith, by means of a disk, 1:, Fig. 5 provided with cams or eccentric slots and operated by means of a suitable handle, at, Fig. A band from the pulley 9 passes over a pulley, 0n the end of the horizontal shaft G, Fig. 3, to which a rotary motion is imparted by the ratchet-wheel 7." or differential motion operated by the pulley E, as hereinafter described, so that when the pulley g is secured to the end of the screw-shaft and the two-part nut (I put into gear with the screw-shaft V a rotary motion will be imparted to the latter, and consequently a longitudinal movement to the carriage and work-table. When it is desired to imparta more rapid longitudinal reciprocating motion to the carriages and table, the two-part nut (I is separated out of gear with the screw-shaft and the pulley 9 set free thereon, and an adjustable connecting-rod, H, pivoted to the carriage C at a, Fig. 4, is attached to a crank-pin secured to the face of the driving-wheel M, this crank-pin being ad-.
justable in radial guides in the latter to the proper position for giving the desired extent of travel of the carriages and the work on the bench. The desired transverse motion of the carriage D on the carriage C is obtained through the medium ofa screw-shaft, 1', Figs.
3, 4, and 5, which is adapted to bearings b" in the carriage C, and passes through a threaded socket secured to the under side of the carriage D. Rotary motion may be imparted to the screw-shaft 21 from the shaft Gr through the medium of the bevel-wheels l 021, Fig. 5, pinion n, and gears 0' 1), Figs. 1 and The bevel-wheel I is connected to the shaft G by a groove and feather, so that while it turns with the shaft it can slide thereon longitudinally. To the under side of the table 12 is secured a worm-wheel, 00 into which gears a worm, :0 Figs. 1 and 5, keyed on a transverse shaft, 1, adapted to bearin gs in brackets projecting from opposite sides of the carriage C. 0n the end of this shaft t is a pinion, (1, which gears into and is driven by the pinion 0 before referred to. Each of the pinions p and q is normally loose on its shaft, but can be clamped thereto by a screw-clamp similar to that o for the pulley g, and each shaft 'tand t is provided with a crank, by which it may be turned by hand. At the opposite end of the shaft t from the pinion q is a dividing-plate, Q, hereinafter referred to, and the bearing .for the said shaft 1:, adjacent to this dividing-plate, is provided with abindingscrew, 1?, Fig.8, by which the shaft may be secured in any position and prevented from turning while the machine is being used for planing, drilling, &c. The opposite bracket-bearing for the shaft t is adjustably secured to the carriage 0, so as to allow for compensation for wear of the worm-wheel and worm. The dividing'plate Q, which, as shown in Figs.8 and 9, is mounted on a sleeve secured to the bracketbearing, has, say, one thousand divisions marked on it. It is provided with an annular undercut or T-shaped recess, to which are adapted buttons orstopsmm. Thetirstbutton, m, always remains fixed at zero, while the other, m is adjusted away therefrom, according to the number of divisions it is intended to mark on the work. A handle or pointer, M, to move between these two points, can be made fast or loose on the shaftt by means of a gripping collar and cam, 0 to provide for turning the table 1) through the screw 00 the extent of one division at atime. The differential movement, by means of which the shaft G may be run fast or slow or left loose, is shown in detail in Figs. 6 and 7. A pulley, E, mounted loosely on the shaft G and driven by belts from the pulleys r r, is provided with a fixed radial axle, on which is mounted a bevel-wheel, c. This bevel-wheel, which may be allowed to run free on its axis or be fixed thereto by a set-screw, .7, gears on one side into a bevel-wheel, n, keyed to the shaft G, and on the other with a bevel-wheel, c, mounted loosely on a fixed sleeve, in which the shaft G turns. The bevel-wheel 0 may be made fast to its sleeve by means of a friction screw-couplingw, similar to those above referred to. To run the shaft G at a moderately slow speed, the wheel 6 is secured to its ICQ bolt or catch, z", as shown in Fig. 5.
fixed axle by the set-screw z, and thecoupling c loosened, so that the'pinion a, which is keyed to the shaft G, will turn at the same speed as -the pulley E. To increase the speed the screw 2 is loosened and the coupling a screwed up, so that the pinion n and shaft G will run at twice the speed of the'pulley. By loosening pawl k of this ratchet k is carried by one end of a pivoted lever, is, Fig. 7, the opposite end of which is connected by the link k to an cecentric, f, on the shaft F of the wheel M. The table 12, carrying the work, can thus be moved in all directions horizontally below the tools at different speeds, and either by mechanical or hand power, according to the requirements of the work to be done.
II. The tool-carrying sZide.--The tool-carrying slide 0 can haveaverticalmotion imparted to it on guides on the standard, and this motion may be either simply for adjustment or slow or rapidly reciprocating, according to the work to be done. The cutting-tool, say for planing, is fixed in the block b on the toolholder 0, carried by the lower end of the slide, and constructed in the usual manner, so as to tip or yield on the return-stroke. The toolholder 0 is provided with a toothed sector and worm b, by which any desired inclination may be given to the holder 0. At the back of the slide is a helicoidal rack, H, Figs. 3 and 4, into which gears the worm h mounted in bearings in the lever L. This lever is pivoted at its outer end to the standard B, and may be moved by hand, so as to throw the worm k into or out of gear with the rack, as required, and itis held in either position indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 3 by means of a sliding 0n the lower end of the axis of this worm is a pinion or ratchet-wheel, into which takes a pawl on a second pivoted lever, L, below the lever -L. By the horizontal vibrating motion of this lever L on its pivot the ratchet is intermittently rotated, and through it the worm k is rotated, and the latter, acting on the rack H, causes the slide 0 to rise or descend, as may be required. This horizontal vibrating motion may be imparted to the lever L to operate the slide either by hand or mechanically. In the latter case the lever L is connected by rods 1 Z and lever Z to an eccentric on the axle F of the wheel M. When it is desired to give a rapid vertical reciprocating motion to the slide 0, as for slotting, the slide is connected by the rod P with the crank-disk P which is mounted on the same shaft as the gear-wheel 6, Fig. 4. The length of stroke or extentot' movement of the slide can be regulated by adjustingthe crank-pin in a radial slot in the disk P. The vertical spindle g, which, as before described,
is mounted in hearings in the slide 0, and can be rotated from the pinion p by the gearing e, f, h, h, a, and j, is adapted to receive a suitable metal-working tool, such as a boring-bit or a millingtool. rotary cutting'tool, s, for cutting wheels or dividing, is provided, this tool being carried by a support, S, Figs. 3 and 4, to which an up and-down motion on slides can be given by a suitable pivoted lever. drawings.) Thesupportmaybesoconstructed and adapted toits slides that a slight inclination may be given to it when desired. The rotary cutting-tool is driven by a belt or band from some moving part of the machine, as indicated by dotted lines in Figs. 3 and 4 for instance.
III. Operations.'1he different adjustments of the various parts for carrying out the different operations of which the machine is capable will now be briefly described.
For planing-The carriage O is connected to the crank-pin on the rotating wheel M by the connecting-rod H, so as to impart a rapid horizontal to-and-fro motion to the carriages, work-table, and work beneath the cutting-tool in the holder 0, the slide 0 having been adjusted to the proper height. The necessary transverse intermittent feed motion of the work after each cutis etlected by the action of.
the screw-shalt e on the. carriage D, this screwshaft receiving its motion from the shaftGr through the gearing above described, and the shaft G being acted on by the pawl k and ratchet it, while all the other movements are thrown out of gear. The cutting-tool is fixed in the block b by screws, and a small spiral spring, Fig. 4, is employed to bring the tool to its cutting position after each stroke.
Turning and boring-The pinion qis clutched to its shaft tand the differential movement so adjusted that the pinion n and shaft G run at the same speed as the pulley, and the shaft G transmits rotary motion to the shaft 25, and thence by the worm m to the table 11 on the carriage D. The turning or boring tool is fixed in the holder 0, and the slide 0 is caused to descend slowly by the action of the lever L and its pawl (operated by hand or automatically) on the ratchet of the worm 7L which gears'into the rack on the back of the slide. The other movements, during this operation,
'are of course thrown outof gear.
Drilling-The carriages G and D and table 12 are fixed withthe work in position under the spindle g. The gear-wheelf, which at other times is allowed to run loose on its shaft, is now fixed thereto by its screw d, so that a rapid rotary motion through the gearing above described is imparted to the spindle g, to which the drilling-tool is secured. The requisite downward pressure of the spindle and tool is obtained by causing the pawl-lever L to depress the slide C, as before described.
Slotting.-F0r this purpose the slotting-tool is fixed in the holder 0 by the usual screws,
To complete the machine a- (Not shown in the LII 1 275,60&
and the tipping motion of the block, which is used in planing, prevented by means of the screw 10, Fig. 4. The slide 0 is connected to the crankpin on the rotating disk P through the medium of the connecting-rod P, so as to impart a vertical reciprocating motion to the slide and tool. The necessary feed motion between the strokes of the tool is imparted to the work by putting the screw V in intermittent action, so as to move the carriages and work-table longitudinally on the bench A, or by putting the screw 1; into action to move the carriage I) and work-table transversely, according to the requirements of the slot to be cut.
Sm '/hcing.'lhe surfacing-tool istixed in the lower end of the spindle g, to which a rotary motion is imparted by the means above described, and the slide 0 may be caused to descend slowly, or may he held at any desired height. The work-table may be moved in any direction horizontally by the devices before described, according to the form of the work to be surfaced.
Dividing or whc0I-cutting.-The rotary cutting-tool is fixed to the carrier 8 of the adjustable support S and motion communicated to the tool by belts,and the table is adjusted to a position within range of the tool, and after each cut is moved or adjusted for the next cut by means of the handle M, Figs. 5, 8, and 9, of the divider Q, which handle has been clamped to the end of the shaft t for the purpose.
The foregoing are the principal operations which can be effected on this machine, whereby the most complicated pieces of work may be finished without being removed from the machine.
I claim as my invention- 1. In a metal-working machine, the combination of a bed plate and movable work-table with a standard, a slide carrying a cutting-tool, and a drill-spindle mounted in bearings in said slide, and mechanism, substantially as described, for reciprocating the slide and for rotating the spindle.
2. The combination of the bed-plate, carriages O and D, and work-table with rotary feed-screw V, driving-wheel M, and connecting-rod H, and devices, substantially as set forth, for putting the feed screw or wheel into operative gear with the carriages, for the purpose described.
3. The combination of the movable table or carriage with a feed v screw shaft having a shoulder thereon, an operating-wheel on the shaft adjacent to the shoulder, and a screwclamppvhereby the said wheel may be clamped to or released from the said shaft.-
4. The combination of the bed-plate and traversing carriages, worktable, and feedscrews with a shaft, G, for operating said feed screws, gear-wheels, and clamps for securing the said wheels to and releasing them from the feed-serews, substantially as described.
5. The combination of the movable work-table of a metal-working machine with a shaft, G,i'or imparting motion thereto,aud a drivingpulley,1fl, on saidshatt, gear-wheels c n c, and devices, substantiaily as described, for locking the wheels 0 c on their axes or releasing them therefrom, as and for the purpose set forth.
6. The combination of a driven shaft,G, with a pulley, E, loose thereon, and carrying a radial axis and gear-wheel, c, a gear-wheel, a, secured to the shaft, sleeve, and gear-wheel c, and retaining devices for securing the wheel 0 to its axis and the wheel 0 to its s1ceve,snbstantially as specified.
7. The combination of a movable work-table and standard with a slide carrying a cutterholder and drill-spindle, gearing for rotating the spindle, crank and connecting-rod for reciprocating the slide, and rack and worm for adjusting the slide.
5. The combination of the standard and toolslide, having a rack, H, with a worm, L, carried by a lever, and a pawl and pinion for operating said worm, all substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
15. l. DELAMARE DEBOU'ITEYILHJ.
\Vitnesses:
A. VALENTINE, FRED. vow Warns.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3785245A (en) * 1971-09-03 1974-01-15 Design Systems Multi-curve generator

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3785245A (en) * 1971-09-03 1974-01-15 Design Systems Multi-curve generator

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