US275439A - Vehicle-spring - Google Patents

Vehicle-spring Download PDF


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US275439A US275439DA US275439A US 275439 A US275439 A US 275439A US 275439D A US275439D A US 275439DA US 275439 A US275439 A US 275439A
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    • B60G9/00Resilient suspensions of a rigid axle or axle housing for two or more wheels
    • B60G9/02Resilient suspensions of a rigid axle or axle housing for two or more wheels the axle or housing being pivotally mounted on the vehicle, e.g. the pivotal axis being parallel to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle
    • B60G9/027Resilient suspensions of a rigid axle or axle housing for two or more wheels the axle or housing being pivotally mounted on the vehicle, e.g. the pivotal axis being parallel to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle the axle having either a triangular, a "T" or "U" shape and being directly articulated with the chassis only by its middle apex, e.g. De Dion suspension


no Model.)
m. 275,439., Patented A r.10,1 883.
WITNESSES i/VVE/VTOR 1%, m mbz fik v v l Affumey Nv PETERS. Phnlu-Lithogmpher. Wuhingion. D. cv
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 275,439, dated April 10,1883.
Application filed September 711, 1882. No model.)
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, IRETT F. TUCKER, of Sumner, county of Gratiot, State of Michigan, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Vehicle Springs and Circles; and I declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use it, reference being bad to,the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.
My invention consists in the.combinations of devices and appliances hereinafter specified, and more particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings, Figure l is an inverted plan view ofan apparatus embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a plan View, showing variations. Fig. 3 is a side elevation.
My invention relates to vehicle springs and circles. Its object is, first, to provide vehicles with coiled springs so constructed and arranged as to form an easy-riding vehicle for different weights, and one in which the springsshall take the strain in any direction-vertically, sidewise, and endwise; second, to provide vehicles with a fifth-wheel or circle which shall also act as a brace for the axle to prevent a rocking motion of the axle forward.
In carrying out myinvention, A is a vehiclebody; B, the head-block; B, the front axle; U, the rear cross-bar; C, the stock upon the axle. D and D represent the side bars, and E represents coiled springs'adapted to. take the downward strain. Said springs are secured in any suitable manner to the corners of the vehicle-body and to any suitable supporting-arms, a, secured upon the side bars or to the'cross-bars or head-block, as may be desired.
Figs.v l and 3 show a single spring, E, preferably running diagonally from the corners of the body to the supporting-arms 0, adapted to take the downward strain. Fig. 2 shows three of said springs at each corner-one, E, running diagonally from the body, as in Figs. 1 and 3, to supporting-arms 0; another running endwise irom the body to a suitable supportin garm, e, as shown at E; and another running sidewise from the body to a suitable supportiug-arm, 6 as shown at E I would have it understood that I do not limit myselfto thenumberofsaid down-springs, as the use of one or more comes within th scope of my invention.
F and'F' represent similar coiled springs, adapted to take the strain from the ends of the body. Said springs are secured to the corners or ends of the body, and with the stock 0 or cross-bar C at the rear, and with the head-block B in front, in any suitable manner. F represents similar coiled springs adapted to take the strain from the sides of the body, said springs being secured to the corners or sides of the body and to the side bars in any proper manner.
It is evident that the end springs, E, may be arranged diagonally, as shown in Fig. 1, to take the side as well as the end strain.
I would have it understood that I contemplate the use of either an end spring or a side spring, or both, to take the end and side strain as coming within the principle of myinvention. It is obvious that in such a construction there is no rigid attachment of the body to anyother portion of the vehicle; but having a springconnection everywhere, it insures elasticity.
G is a front cross-bar. I prefer that the side bars should have extended ends, as shown at d and d, to which the ends of the cross-bar G shall be secured. Said cross-bar is preferably curved in the middle, as shown in the drawlllgS.
H is a circle-bar secured to said cross-bar and to the head-block B.
H is a circle-bar properly secured to the axle B and supported by the arm h. The periphery of said circle extends forward, as shown, ratherthan ascirclesarecommonly constructed. The circle thus extends in front of the axle. It is evident that with a circle so constructed and connected by the cross-bar G to the extended ends of the side bars the whole mechanism is thereby securely braced. It will be seen,furtherinore, that the use ofcoiled springs in the manner described is as applicable for cutter and sleigh bodies as for other vehicles; and Iwould have it understood that I contemplate such a use as coming within the principle of my invention, as a body similar to thatherein described may itself be removed from its wheels and secured upon runners, or a cutter or sleigh body may be provided with IOC coiled springs properly secured to the runners. It will be Seen, also, that said springs can be used with or without side-bar gearings.
What I claim is l. A side-bar road wagon or vehicle combining in its structure the running-gear, the side bars, the vehicle-body, and the coiled springs connecting the lower side portions of the body with the side bars, substantially as described.
2. A side bar road wagon or vehicle combining in its structure the front and rear axles, B and G, the front head-block, B, and rear cross-bar, 0, supported, respectively, by the axles. the side bars, D and D, the vehicle-body, and the coiled springs connecting the lower portions of the body with the side bars and the front head-block and rear cross-bar, substantially as described.
3. The combination, with a front axle and head-block and side bars, of the front crossbar, Gr, secured to the extended ends of said side bars, the circle-barH, secured to said crossbar and head-block, and corresponding circlebar H, secured to said axle in the manner de scribed, and in connection therewith a rear running-gear, a vehicle-body, and a suitable number of coiled springs supporting said body and connecting it with said front and rear runhing-gear and with said side bars, said springs adapted to take the vertical end and side strain, 0
substantially as described.
In testimony whereof .I sign this specification in the presence of two witnesses.
IRETT F. TUCKER. Witnesses:
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