New! View global litigation for patent families

US2753185A - Statistical machines - Google Patents

Statistical machines Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2753185A
US2753185A US37134653A US2753185A US 2753185 A US2753185 A US 2753185A US 37134653 A US37134653 A US 37134653A US 2753185 A US2753185 A US 2753185A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
card
rollers
support
feed
stop
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Johnson William Edward
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
POWERS SAMAS ACCOUNT MACH Ltd
POWERS-SAMAS ACCOUNTING MACHINES Ltd
Original Assignee
POWERS SAMAS ACCOUNT MACH Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D27/00Envelopes or like essentially-rectangular containers for postal or other purposes having no structural provision for thickness of contents
    • B65D27/04Envelopes or like essentially-rectangular containers for postal or other purposes having no structural provision for thickness of contents with apertures or windows for viewing contents
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K13/00Conveying record carriers from one station to another, e.g. from stack to punching mechanism
    • G06K13/02Conveying record carriers from one station to another, e.g. from stack to punching mechanism the record carrier having longitudinal dimension comparable with transverse dimension, e.g. punched card
    • G06K13/08Feeding or discharging cards
    • G06K13/12Feeding or discharging cards from conveying arrangement to magazine

Description

Jufiy 3, 1956 w. E. JOHNSON STATISTICAL MACHINES Filed July 50, 1953 Invenior ML mu 50mm Jwmsw Attorney rates STATISTIICAL MACHDJES Application July as, 1953, stun No. 371,346

tClaims priority, application Great Britain September 29, 1952 3 Claims. (Cl. 271-37) This invention relates to statistical machines and in particular to apparatus for delivering record cards from such a machine.

In statistical machines for sorting statistical record cards, or otherwise operating under the control of such cards, the cards as they issue from the machine are usually fed to the position of delivery by a pair of rotatable feeding rollers which co-operate to move a card into engagement with a deflector arranged to direct the leading edge of the card downwards towards a support therefor, the support being spring-urged towards the deflector and movable away therefrom under the weight of cards delivered thereto, and a stop is provided against which the leading edge of a card impinges to arrest the forward movement of the card.

in all such machines, as is well understood in the art, the cards are delivered from the machine in an order or sequence which it is desired to maintain but when, as in sorting machines, and some other forms of statistical machines, the cards are delivered in succession at a high rate it has been found that cards have a tendency, on impinging against the stop, to bounce backwards from the stop and, due to the high rate of card delivery, it some times happens that cards become interleaved and are thus not stacked on the support in the desired order 01' sequence.

Further, it is found that in some machines the cards during their passage through the machine acquire static electricity which sometimes causes them to stick to the feeding rollers which should deliver them on to the sup port and this may cause card jamming or mat-delivery.

it is one object of the present invention to provide apparatus for delivering record cards from a statistical machine in a manner such that the movement of a card issuing from the feeding rollers is controlled up to the instant of engagement of the leading edge of the card with the stop.

it is a further object of the invention to provide that in addition to the control just mentioned the card is further controlled until the delivery of the next card from the feeding rollers.

According to the present invention there is. provided apparatus for delivering record cards from a statistical machine and including a pair of rotatable feed rollers cooperating to move a card into engagement with a deflector arranged to direct the leading end of the card downwards towards a support therefor, the support being springurged towards the deflector and on receipt of a card thereon being movable away from the deflector by a distance equal to the thickness of the card, and a stop engageable by the leading edges of the card to align it relative to the support, characterised in that a card-controlling element is disposed between the feed rollers and the stop to engage a card issuing from between the feed rollers positively to move the leading edge thereof into engagement with the stop and to restrain the card against movement thereof away from the stop and support.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention the card Fa -tented July 3, 1956 controlling-element comprises a continuously rotatable roller and if desired, the roller may be rotated by cooperation with one roller of a pair of feed rollers succeeding the pair by which the card is moved into engagement with the deflector.

In order that the invention may be clearly understood two embodiments thereof will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 illustrates apparatus according to the invention as applied to a sorting machine for statistical record cards, and

Fig. 2 illustrates apparatus according to the invention as applied to a record card controlled statistical machine from which all cards issue into a single receiver.

In the drawings similar reference numerals indicate like or similar parts.

Referring to Fig. 1, pairs of rotatable rollers ll, 2 cooperate to move record cards into engagement with deflectors 3, only one of which is shown, arranged to direct the leading end of a card downwards towards a support 4 carried on an axially movable stem 5, the support bcin g urged towards the deflector by a spring s.

As mentioned above, the embodiment of the invention now being described is applied to a card sorting machine and, as is well understood in the art, such machines comprise a plurality of card receivers to which cards are delivered at a high rate. Each receiver, as is customary, has a support t and deflector 3 the latter being controlled by card sensing apparatus, not shown, through timing mechanism forming no part of the present inven tion, so that the appropriate one of the deflectors 3 is, at the appropriate time, moved so that the downwardly inclined portion thereof is interposed into the card path so that a card is engaged thereby and is directed downwards towards the support 4. As is well understood the deflectors preceding and succeeding that which is interposed in the manner just mentioned are so disposed that a card passing from the sensing apparatus is fed by the feed rollers over the horizontal portions of the deflectors preceding that having its downwardly inclined portion interposed into the path of the card.

In the apparatus illustrated in Fig. l the upper feed rollers l are positively rotated by any suitable means, not shown, and the lower rollers 2 are rotated by frictional engagement between the peripheries thereof and the peripheries of the upper rollers l which latter preferably are fitted with rubber tyres.

(Do-operating with each support 4, as is customary is a stop plate '7 which is to be engaged by the leading edge of a card to align the card relative to the support dwhich is inclined downwards towards the stop. As can be seen from Fig. 1, the downwardly inclined portion of the defiector 3 is provided with a forked end 8 which supports a spindle 9 about which a roller lltl having a continuous peripheral surface concentric with its axis is freely rotatable. The roller 10, is, as can be seen from Fig. l, disposed between the right-hand pair of feed rollers l, 2 which co-operate with the deflector 3 to deliver a card on to the support 4, and the stop plate '7 and forms a card-controlling element arranged to engage a card issuing from between the said right-hand pair of rollers i, 2 positively to move the leading edge of the card into engagement with the stop 7. This is effected by reason of the spring 6, through the support 4 and any cards supported thereby, pressing the roller ill against the roller 2 of the pair at the left as viewed in Fig. 1 so that the roller 10 is rotated by frictional engagement with the said lefthand roller 2. The position of roller 1'0 is such that a card issuing from the right-hand pair of rollers l, 2 is engaged by the roller 10 which presses it against the support, or against the top card of the support, and the forwardly moving card is moved positively by the roller until its leading edge is arrested by the stop 7. Since the roller 10 maintains its engagement with the card until the next card is delivered by the feed rollers the first card is retained by the roller 10 against stop'7 and is restrained from rebounding therefrom and, as the card is pressed downwards by the roller 10 the next card must be delivered on top of it.

In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in Fig. 2 cards are delivered in succession from the last set of pairs of feed rollers 1, 2 on to a support 4 carried on a carriage 11 provided with upper rollers 12 and lower rollers 13 which engage rails 14, one at each end of the carriage, whereby the support is guided for vertical move ment. The support is urged towards a deflector 3 by springs 6 and a fixed stop plate 7 is provided for engage ment by the leading edge of the card being positioned on the support.

A pair of rollers 10, only one of which is shown in the drawing, are spaced apart along the axis of the spindle 9 which in this instance is supported for rotation in brackets 15 secured to the frames 16 of the machine, the rollers 10 being secured to the spindle 9 for rotation therewith. In this embodiment of the invention the lower rollers 2 of the pairs of feed rollers are those which are positively driven from the main drive of the machine, the rollers 1 being frictionally rotated by the rollers 2. The spindle 9 has pulleys, not shown, secured thereto and belts 17 connect these pulleys with other pulleys secured to the shaft to which the rollers 2 of the last set thereof are secured.

From Fig. 2 it will be seen that, as was the case with the apparatus illustrated in Fig. 1, the roller 10 is disposed between the feed rollers and the stop and, in the manner described above, positively moves a card against the stop, retains it in engagement therewith, and serves to prevent rebounding of the card away from the stop. Apparatus as shown in the drawing is designed to avoid difiiculties which may arise if the cards, due to their having acquired a charge of static electricity during their passage through the machine, have a tendency to adhere to the last pair of feed rollers. Thus, as described above, the rollers 10 are so disposed between the stop 7 and the last pair of feed rollers 1, 2 as to engage a card issuing from the feed rollers and draw it therefrom thereby to ensure that the cards are delivered one on the other in the order in which they are received by the last pair of feed rollers for delivery on to the support 4.

1 claim:

1. Apparatus for delivering record cards from a statistical machine at high speed, comprising a support to receive the cards, a deflector arranged to direct the leading end of a card downwards towards the support, a spring urging the support towards the deflector, a pair of rotatable feed rollers co-operating to move a card towards said deflector for movement towards the support, a stop engageable by the leading edge of the card to align it relative t0 the support, and a rotatable element disposed between the feed rollers and stop to engage a card delivered from the rollers and to press the card against said support, characterised in that the rotary element comprises a continuously rotatable roller located in advance of the feed rollers a distance less than the length of a card and having a continuous peripheral surface concentric with its axis of rotation and mounted in driven relationship with the feed rollers to be driven at the same peripheral speed as that of the feed rollers and so disposed relatively to said feed rollers, said stop, and said support or to the uppermost card on the support as to engage a card issuing from the feed rollers but with the trailing edge of said card still being engaged by the delivery rolls and thereafter maintain continuous engagement with the card until it engages the next card issuing from the feed rollers thereby positively to move the leading edge of each card into engagement with said stop and restrain it against movement away from the stop and the support.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said continuously rotatable roller is rotated by co-operation with one roller of a pair of feed rollers succeeding the pair by which the card is moved into engagement with the deflector.

3. Apparatus according to claim 2, including supporting means carried by said deflector to support said continously rotatable roller for rotation by frictional engagement with one feed roller of said succeeding pair of feed rollers.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,287,142 Trew Dec. 10, 1918 1,333,193 Trew Mar. 9, 1920 1,375,241 Trew Apr. 19, 1921 1,485,861 Lasker Mar. 4, 1924 1,717,858 Thomas June 18, 1929 2,540,971 Wagner Feb. 6, 1951

US2753185A 1952-09-29 1953-07-30 Statistical machines Expired - Lifetime US2753185A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB314161X 1952-09-29

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2753185A true US2753185A (en) 1956-07-03

Family

ID=10322781

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2753185A Expired - Lifetime US2753185A (en) 1952-09-29 1953-07-30 Statistical machines

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US2753185A (en)
BE (1) BE521841A (en)
DE (1) DE1074305B (en)
FR (1) FR1081743A (en)
GB (1) GB720640A (en)
NL (2) NL180172B (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3087724A (en) * 1960-09-15 1963-04-30 Cummins Chicago Corp Document delivery and stacking apparatus
US3087725A (en) * 1960-09-15 1963-04-30 Cummins Chicago Corp Document delivery apparatus
US3604704A (en) * 1969-09-22 1971-09-14 Ibm Stacker for document cards
DE2448200A1 (en) * 1973-10-18 1975-04-24 Pennsylvania Res Ass Inc An apparatus for stacking documents, cards or the like.
US3905487A (en) * 1974-03-04 1975-09-16 Greene Line Mfg Corp Continuous stacking apparatus
US3918700A (en) * 1972-08-19 1975-11-11 Kleindienst & Co Document deflecting and stacking apparatus for use in document sorting
US4087087A (en) * 1977-01-27 1978-05-02 Xerox Corporation Sheet stacking apparatus for sorter
US4179113A (en) * 1978-01-09 1979-12-18 F. D. Graphics, Inc. Apparatus for feeding leaflets to rapidly moving articles
US4310160A (en) * 1979-09-10 1982-01-12 Leo Willette Card shuffling device
US4315710A (en) * 1978-11-03 1982-02-16 Carta Mundi Collating device for flat goods, particularly cards
US6227538B1 (en) 1999-04-19 2001-05-08 Gbr Systems Corporation Paper tamping mechanism
US6257571B1 (en) 1999-10-28 2001-07-10 Gbr Systems Corporation Edge tamping mechanism
US20070194524A1 (en) * 2006-02-21 2007-08-23 Shuffle Tech International Llc Apparatus and method for automatically shuffling cards
US20080284096A1 (en) * 2006-02-21 2008-11-20 Hirohide Toyama Apparatus and method for automatically shuffling cards
US20080315517A1 (en) * 2007-05-24 2008-12-25 Hirohide Toyama Card shuffling device and method

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1145554B (en) * 1960-08-27 1963-03-14 Telefunken Patent Storage device for flat material to be conveyed
DE1186410B (en) * 1962-03-27 1965-01-28 Ibm Deutschland Stacker for blattfoermige belongings, especially for cards
JPS6050699B2 (en) * 1980-02-29 1985-11-09 Ricoh Kk
FR2521964B1 (en) * 1982-02-19 1986-01-31 Hotchkiss Brandt Sogeme A tongue device and folds stack
FR2555918B1 (en) * 1983-12-06 1986-09-12 Hotchkiss Brandt Sogeme sorting machine Receptacle
FR2555974B1 (en) * 1983-12-06 1986-09-12 Hotchkiss Brandt Sogeme Device for stacking flat objects
DE102004051243A1 (en) * 2004-10-20 2006-05-04 Bhs Corrugated Maschinen- Und Anlagenbau Gmbh Device for stacking of corrugated cardboard sheets has feed unit for feeding of sheets along transporting direction and pressure device at downstream end of sheet stacker for pressing of corrugated cardboard sheets onto stack

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1287142A (en) * 1917-05-08 1918-12-10 Arthur S Trew Automatic pneumatic card-assorting machine.
US1333193A (en) * 1915-11-29 1920-03-09 Trew Tabulating Machine Compan Pneumatic card-distributing machine
US1375241A (en) * 1920-01-08 1921-04-19 Arthur S Trew Card-distributing machine
US1485861A (en) * 1922-06-29 1924-03-04 Powers Accounting Machine Corp Sorting-machine stop device
US1717858A (en) * 1927-10-17 1929-06-18 Accounting & Tabulating Corp Card-delivery mechanism
US2540971A (en) * 1946-05-03 1951-02-06 Samuel M Langston Co Sheet stacking and conveying machine

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE383508C (en) * 1924-06-26 Georg Spiess Fa Stacker with main and auxiliary stacks for sheeter
NL40389C (en) * 1932-06-13

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1333193A (en) * 1915-11-29 1920-03-09 Trew Tabulating Machine Compan Pneumatic card-distributing machine
US1287142A (en) * 1917-05-08 1918-12-10 Arthur S Trew Automatic pneumatic card-assorting machine.
US1375241A (en) * 1920-01-08 1921-04-19 Arthur S Trew Card-distributing machine
US1485861A (en) * 1922-06-29 1924-03-04 Powers Accounting Machine Corp Sorting-machine stop device
US1717858A (en) * 1927-10-17 1929-06-18 Accounting & Tabulating Corp Card-delivery mechanism
US2540971A (en) * 1946-05-03 1951-02-06 Samuel M Langston Co Sheet stacking and conveying machine

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3087724A (en) * 1960-09-15 1963-04-30 Cummins Chicago Corp Document delivery and stacking apparatus
US3087725A (en) * 1960-09-15 1963-04-30 Cummins Chicago Corp Document delivery apparatus
US3604704A (en) * 1969-09-22 1971-09-14 Ibm Stacker for document cards
US3918700A (en) * 1972-08-19 1975-11-11 Kleindienst & Co Document deflecting and stacking apparatus for use in document sorting
DE2448200A1 (en) * 1973-10-18 1975-04-24 Pennsylvania Res Ass Inc An apparatus for stacking documents, cards or the like.
US3905487A (en) * 1974-03-04 1975-09-16 Greene Line Mfg Corp Continuous stacking apparatus
US4087087A (en) * 1977-01-27 1978-05-02 Xerox Corporation Sheet stacking apparatus for sorter
US4179113A (en) * 1978-01-09 1979-12-18 F. D. Graphics, Inc. Apparatus for feeding leaflets to rapidly moving articles
US4315710A (en) * 1978-11-03 1982-02-16 Carta Mundi Collating device for flat goods, particularly cards
US4310160A (en) * 1979-09-10 1982-01-12 Leo Willette Card shuffling device
US6227538B1 (en) 1999-04-19 2001-05-08 Gbr Systems Corporation Paper tamping mechanism
US6257571B1 (en) 1999-10-28 2001-07-10 Gbr Systems Corporation Edge tamping mechanism
US20070194524A1 (en) * 2006-02-21 2007-08-23 Shuffle Tech International Llc Apparatus and method for automatically shuffling cards
US20080284096A1 (en) * 2006-02-21 2008-11-20 Hirohide Toyama Apparatus and method for automatically shuffling cards
US7900923B2 (en) 2006-02-21 2011-03-08 Shuffle Tech International Llc Apparatus and method for automatically shuffling cards
US7971881B2 (en) 2006-02-21 2011-07-05 Shuffle Tech International Llc Apparatus and method for automatically shuffling cards
US20080315517A1 (en) * 2007-05-24 2008-12-25 Hirohide Toyama Card shuffling device and method
US20100264582A1 (en) * 2007-05-24 2010-10-21 Shuffle Tech International Llc Card shuffling device and method
US7854430B2 (en) 2007-05-24 2010-12-21 Shuffle Tech International Llc Card shuffling device and method
US8109514B2 (en) 2007-05-24 2012-02-07 Shuffle Tech International Llc Card shuffling device and method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
BE521841A (en) grant
NL180172B (en) application
NL85102C (en) grant
DE1074305B (en) application
GB720640A (en) 1954-12-22 application
FR1081743A (en) 1954-12-22 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3506258A (en) Document feeding mechanism
US3219339A (en) Article separating apparatus
US3572686A (en) Sheet associating device having rotary pneumatic separators
US3612512A (en) Sheet material feed control apparatus
US3908983A (en) Card feeder
US5871433A (en) Buckle folding machine with a collecting folding pocket
US4311475A (en) Counter ejector
US3894732A (en) Apparatus for converting a stack of sheets into a stream of overlapped sheets
US3598400A (en) Document input mechanism
US3173684A (en) Document feeder
US3761079A (en) Document feeding mechanism
US4212456A (en) Apparatus for automatically feeding individual sheets from a stack through an office machine
US1637833A (en) Feeding mechanism
US1919238A (en) Sheet feeder
US4162733A (en) Article stacking apparatus
US3137499A (en) Document stacking device
US5246415A (en) Buckle chute folding machine
US4299379A (en) Moving carriage buffer/feeder
US3273882A (en) Sheet collating device
US2819661A (en) Machine for and method of counting and stacking newspapers and the like
US3838851A (en) Bottom sheet feeder
US3127029A (en) Device for separating individual groups of flat articles
US3622149A (en) Article destacking apparatus
US2947406A (en) Letter inverter
US3637203A (en) Apparatus for feeding sheet material