US2750049A - Vending machine shelf having bottle feeding mechanism - Google Patents

Vending machine shelf having bottle feeding mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
US2750049A
US2750049A US449964A US44996454A US2750049A US 2750049 A US2750049 A US 2750049A US 449964 A US449964 A US 449964A US 44996454 A US44996454 A US 44996454A US 2750049 A US2750049 A US 2750049A
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shelf
follower
leg
slot
vending machine
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US449964A
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Charley W Hunter
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SandenVendo America Inc
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SandenVendo America Inc
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F11/00Coin-freed apparatus for dispensing, or the like, discrete articles
    • G07F11/02Coin-freed apparatus for dispensing, or the like, discrete articles from non-movable magazines
    • G07F11/38Coin-freed apparatus for dispensing, or the like, discrete articles from non-movable magazines in which the magazines are horizontal

Description

June 12, 1956 c. w. HUNTER VENDING MACHINE SHELF HAVING BOTTLE FEEDING MECHANISM Filed Aug. 16, 1954 "n". In,

W R w W 0 U R W m V W A United States Patent VENDING MACHINE SHELF HAVING BO'ITLE FEEDING MECHANISM Charley W. Hunter, Kansas City, Mo., assignor to Vendo Company, Kansas City, Mo., a corporation of Missouri Application August 16, 1954, Serial No. 449,964

4 Claims. (Cl. 211-49) This invention relates to improvements in vending machines and particularly to the storage compartment thereof wherein is provided a plurality of superimposed shelves for receiving the vendible merchandise and from which the latter is discharged one by one to the customer.

It is the most important object of the instant invention to provide feeding mechanism for vending machines including a follower for advancing the mechandise along a support therefor, and provided with novel means for holding the follower at one end of its path of travel during loading of the machine with the merchandise.

Another important object of this invention is to provide in structure of the aforementioned character, means for automatically releasing the follower as the machine is being loaded by virtue of movement of the merchandise to a position in engagement with the follower.

A further object of this invention is to provide in combination with a merchandise-receiving shelf, a follower having latch means holding the follower in an inoperative position during loading of the shelf with bottles or other merchandise, the follower being disposed for receiving the proximal bottle to thereby release the latch automatically.

Other objects include important details of construction to be made clear as the following specification progresses, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, wherein:

Figure 1 is a top plan view of a shelf for vending machines or the like having bottle-feeding mechanism made pursuant to the instant invention.

Fig. 2 is an edge elevational view thereof.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged, fragmentary, cross-sectional view taken on line III-III of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3 but showing the latch released by virtue of the proximal bottle being in engagement with the follower.

Fig. 5 is an enlarged, fragmentary, detailed, crosssectional view taken on line VV of Fig. 2; and

Fig. 6 is an enlarged, fragmentary, detailed, crosssectional view taken on line VI--VI of Fig. 2.

While the improvements about to be described may be adapted for use with various types of vending machines, reference may be had to U. S. Letters Patent D. 155,709, issued October 25, 1949, to The Vendo Company, for an illustration of one type of machine particularly adapted for housing a plurality of superimposed, inclined shelves, one of which is shown in the drawing and designated broadly by the numeral 10.

It is to be noted in said patent that there is provided a hollow, upright case having a large access door, together with a relatively small vertical door provided with a transparent panel. When shelves 10 are used in a refrigerating case of that type they slope downwardly toward the said small door and the lowermost of bottles 12 on the shelves are not only accessible by opening the said smaller door, but can be seen through the transparent panel thereof.

2,750,049 Patented June 12, 1956 While the bottles 12 normally gravitate to the lowermost end of the shelf 10, it is desirable to provide a follower broadly designated by the numeral 14 for feeding the said bottles to the point of vending from the machine cabinet or case. I

Follower 14 is L-shaped and is 'reciprocable along a guide in the nature of an elongated slot 16 formed in the shelf 10. To this end, therefore, the follower 14 is provided with an upright pusher 18 and a substantially horizontal leg 20. Leg 20 has a pair of downturned fingers 22 stamped therefrom and extending through the slot 16, the fingers 22 being bent outwardly beneath the shelf 10 as best seen in Fig. 6 to retain the follower 14 for reciprocable movement along the slot 16.

Additionally, at the free end of the leg 20, there is provided a downturned T-shaped latch 24 integral with the leg 20 and having a stem 26 together with a pair of oppositely-extending ears 28. Opposed notches 30 in the shelf 10, communicating with the slot 16 at one end of the latter, are adapted to receive the ears 28.

A suitable fastener 32 is provided to couple one end of an elastic element 34 to the stem 26 of the latch 24. The elastic element 34 extends from the follower 14- beneath the shelf 10 and around a sheave 36 at that end of the shelf 10 opposite to notches 30. The sheave 36 is secured to the shelf 10 therebelow for free rotation on a substantially vertical axis. From the sheave 36, the elastic element 34 extends back to a point of connection with the shelf 10 as at 38 near the notches 30.

Shelf 10 has an upstanding, rearmost, longitudinal flange 40 that is engaged with the bottoms of the bottles 12 as the latter slide along the shelf 10 and an upwardly and forwardly inclined ramp portion 42 extending along its forwardmost longitudinal edge for slidably receiving the necks of the bottles 12. Suitable brackets 44 and 46 j are provided for mounting the shelf 10 within a vending machine cabinet.

During loading of the machine, i. e., placement of the bottles 12 upon the shelf 10, the follower 14 is latched in the inoperative position shown in Figs. 1-3, 5 and 6. While the fingers 22 are bent as above mentioned to retain the follower 14 in the slot 16, there is sufiicient looseness of fit to permit tipping of the follower 14 to a position Where the leg 20 is inclined as shown in Fig. 3, thereby positioning the ears 28 in the notches 3t) and preventing movement of the follower 14 toward the sheave 36 under the influence of elastic element 34.

When the follower 14 is thus held or latched to the shelf 10 as seen in Fig. 3, the operator may place the bottles 12 upon the shelf 10 from the lowermost end of shelf 10 adjacent the sheave 36. When the shelf 10 is filled with the bottles 12, as shown in Fig. 4, the first bottle 12, i. e., the one proximal to the follower 14, rolls upon the leg 10 and thereby tips the same downwardly solely by virtue of the weight of the bottle and moves the ears 28 from the notches 30 to a position beneath the shelf 10. As soon as the follower 14 is thus released, as shown in Fig. 4, the elastic element 34 moves the pusher 18 into engagement with the proximal bottle 12 and thereupon tends to feed the bottles toward the lowermost end of the shelf 10 adjacent the sheave 36.

Manifestly, as the bottles 12 are removed singly from the shelf 10, the follower 14 will continue to move the bottles until the shelf 10 is empty, whereupon reloading may take place as in the manner above described.

Having thus described the invention what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

1. In combination with an elongated vending machine shelf having a pair of ends, said shelf being provided with a longitudinally extending, relatively narrow slot therein and a notch having a shoulder near one of said ends, said notch extending laterally from the slot, said shelf being adapted to support a plurality of vendible articles thereon, the improvement which comprises a substantially L-shaped follower provided with an upright article pusher and an article-receiving leg slidably overlying the shelf; means on said leg extending through-the slot and loosely engaging theshelffor restricting displacement of the leg relative to the shelf whereby the follower is reciprocable along said slot andlimitedly tippable with respect to the shelf; means coupled with said leg for urging the follower toward the opposite end of the shelf; and latch means rigidly mounted on said leg, said latch means being engageable with said shoulder when the follower is near saidone end and tipped with respect to the shelf to hold the follower in a locked position, whereby when an article is placed on the leg in said locked position the weight thereon tips the follower to release the latch means from engagement with said shoulder.

2. In combination with an elongated vending machine shelf having a pair of ends, said shelf being provided with a longitudinally extending relatively narrow slot therein and a notch having a shoulder near one of said ends, said notch extending laterally from the slot, said shelf being adapted to support a plurality of vendible articles thereon, the improvement which comprises a substantially L-shaped follower provided with an upright article pusher and an article-receiving leg slidably overlying the shelf; a pair of fingers depending from said legs, said fingers extending through the slot and loosely engaging the shelf for restricting displacement of the leg relative to the shelf whereby the follower is reciprocable along said slot and limitedly tippable with respect to the shelf; means coupled with said leg for urging the follower toward theopposite end of the shelf; and latch means rigidly mounted on said leg, said latch means being engageable with said shoulder when the follower is near said one end and tipped with respect to the shelf to hold the follower in a locked position, whereby when an article is placed on the leg in said locked position the weight thereontips the follower to release the latch means from engagement with said shoulder.

3.- In combination with an elongated vending machine shelf having a pair of ends, said shelf being provided with a longitudinally extending, relatively narrow slot therein and a notch having a shoulder near one of said ends, said notch extending laterally from the slot, said shelf being adapted to support a plurality of vendible articles thereon, the improvement which comprises a substantially L-shaped follower provided with an upright article pusher and an article-receiving leg slidably overlying the shelf; means on said leg extending through the slot and loosely engaging the shelf for restricting displacement of the leg relative to theshelf whereby the follower is reciprocable along the slot and limitedly tippable with respect to the shelf; means coupled with said free end for urging the follower toward the opposite end of the shelf; and latch means rigidly mounted on said leg and depending therefrom, said, latchmeans normally being disposed below said shelf and being engageable. with said shoulder when the follower isnear said oneend and tipped with respect to the shelf to hold the follower in a locked position, whereby when an article; is, placed. on the leg in said locked positiontheweight thereon tips the follower torelease the latch means. from engagement with said shoulder.

4. In combination with an elongated vending machine shelf having a pair of ends, said shelf being provided with a longitudinally extending, relatively narrow slot therein and a pair of opposed notches near one of said ends, said" notches extending laterally from the slot and each having a shoulder portion, said shelf being adapted to support a plurality of vendible articles thereon, the improvement which comprises a substantially L-shaped follower provided with an upright article pusher and an article-receiving leg having a free end, said leg slidably overlying the shelf; a pair of fingers depending from said leg and extending through the slot, each of said fingers having an outwardly bent end portion for loosely engaging the shelf torestrict displacement of the leg relative to the shelf whereby the follower is reciprocable along said slot and limitedly tippable with respect to the shelf; resilient means coupled with said free end for urging the follower toward the opposite end of the shelf; a T-shaped latch depending from said free end and normally being disposed below said shelf, said latch having a pair of oppositely extending. ears, each of said ears being engageable with a corresponding shoulder when the follower is near said one end and tipped with respect to the shelf to hold the follower in a locked position, whereby when an article is placed on the leg in said locked position the weight thereon tips the follower to release the ears from engagement with said shoulders.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,167,110 Poeppel Jan. 4, 1916 1,168,437 Stone Jan. 18, 1916 1,964,597 Rapellin a- June 26, 1934 2,376,561 Smith May 22, 1945 2,624,878 Marano Jan. 13, 1953

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Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3008783A (en) * 1958-12-08 1961-11-14 Vendo Co Shelf assembly for supporting and feeding bottles to point of delivery in vending machines
US3117663A (en) * 1963-03-14 1964-01-14 Cavalier Corp Shelf assembly for vending machines
US3423143A (en) * 1964-07-13 1969-01-21 Waldemar Bunger Storage and sales container
US3570680A (en) * 1969-03-17 1971-03-16 John Klassen Frameless shelf and feeding apparatus for beverage refrigerators
US5111942A (en) * 1990-04-25 1992-05-12 Didier Bernardin Display tray for aligned articles
US20060226095A1 (en) * 2005-09-12 2006-10-12 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US20070090068A1 (en) * 2005-10-25 2007-04-26 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US20070095772A1 (en) * 2001-05-17 2007-05-03 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product Management Display System
US20070158281A1 (en) * 2001-05-17 2007-07-12 Rtc Industries, Inc. Multi-Component Display and Merchandise Systems
US20070251900A1 (en) * 2005-09-12 2007-11-01 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product Management Display System With Trackless Pusher Mechanism
US20080142458A1 (en) * 2006-12-15 2008-06-19 Excell Products, Inc. Pusher assembly
US20080223804A1 (en) * 2007-03-14 2008-09-18 Riley Daniel C Display rack with ventilation window in the vertical walls
US20090184069A1 (en) * 2005-09-12 2009-07-23 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product Management Display System With Trackless Pusher Mechanism
US20100147783A1 (en) * 2005-09-12 2010-06-17 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product Management Display System with Trackless Pusher Mechanism
US7792711B2 (en) 2004-02-03 2010-09-07 Rtc Industries, Inc. System for inventory management
US7931156B2 (en) 2001-05-17 2011-04-26 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with retaining wall
US20110139736A1 (en) * 2002-05-17 2011-06-16 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product Management Display System
US8056734B2 (en) 2006-10-23 2011-11-15 Rtc Industries, Inc. Merchandising system with flippable column and/or item stop
US8739984B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2014-06-03 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US8812378B2 (en) 2004-02-03 2014-08-19 Rtc Industries, Inc. System for inventory management
US8863963B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2014-10-21 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US8967394B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2015-03-03 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US8978904B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2015-03-17 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US9060624B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2015-06-23 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system with rail mounting clip
US9138075B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2015-09-22 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US9173504B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2015-11-03 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US9232864B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2016-01-12 RTC Industries, Incorporated Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US9259102B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2016-02-16 RTC Industries, Incorporated Product management display system with trackless pusher mechanism
US9265362B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2016-02-23 RTC Industries, Incorporated Product management display system
US9265358B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2016-02-23 RTC Industries, Incorporated Product management display system
US9289078B2 (en) 2004-02-03 2016-03-22 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product securement and management system
US9486088B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2016-11-08 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
US9622594B2 (en) * 2015-03-26 2017-04-18 Display Technologies, Llc Product display unit with movable tail
US9706857B2 (en) 2004-02-03 2017-07-18 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product securement and management system
US9750354B2 (en) 2005-09-12 2017-09-05 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
USD801734S1 (en) 2014-12-01 2017-11-07 Retail Space Solutions Llc Shelf management parts
US9818148B2 (en) 2013-03-05 2017-11-14 Rtc Industries, Inc. In-store item alert architecture
US9844280B2 (en) 2004-02-03 2017-12-19 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product securement and management system
US9955802B2 (en) 2015-04-08 2018-05-01 Fasteners For Retail, Inc. Divider with selectively securable track assembly
US10154739B2 (en) 2013-12-02 2018-12-18 Retail Space Solutions Llc Universal merchandiser and methods relating to same
US10178909B2 (en) 2016-01-13 2019-01-15 Rtc Industries, Inc. Anti-splay device for merchandise display system
US10210478B2 (en) 2004-02-03 2019-02-19 Rtc Industries, Inc. Continuous display shelf edge label device
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Cited By (102)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3008783A (en) * 1958-12-08 1961-11-14 Vendo Co Shelf assembly for supporting and feeding bottles to point of delivery in vending machines
US3117663A (en) * 1963-03-14 1964-01-14 Cavalier Corp Shelf assembly for vending machines
US3423143A (en) * 1964-07-13 1969-01-21 Waldemar Bunger Storage and sales container
US3570680A (en) * 1969-03-17 1971-03-16 John Klassen Frameless shelf and feeding apparatus for beverage refrigerators
US5111942A (en) * 1990-04-25 1992-05-12 Didier Bernardin Display tray for aligned articles
US8627965B2 (en) 2001-05-17 2014-01-14 Rtc Industries, Inc. Multi-component display and merchandise systems
US9968207B2 (en) 2001-05-17 2018-05-15 Rtc Industries, Inc. Multi-component display and merchandise systems
US20070095772A1 (en) * 2001-05-17 2007-05-03 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product Management Display System
US20070158281A1 (en) * 2001-05-17 2007-07-12 Rtc Industries, Inc. Multi-Component Display and Merchandise Systems
US9226597B2 (en) 2001-05-17 2016-01-05 Rtc Industries, Inc. Multi-component display and merchandise systems
US9277831B2 (en) 2001-05-17 2016-03-08 Rtc Industries, Inc. Product management display system
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