US2736598A - Door control for refrigerators - Google Patents

Door control for refrigerators Download PDF

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Publication number
US2736598A
US2736598A US387998A US38799853A US2736598A US 2736598 A US2736598 A US 2736598A US 387998 A US387998 A US 387998A US 38799853 A US38799853 A US 38799853A US 2736598 A US2736598 A US 2736598A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
door
refrigerator
refrigerators
plate
door control
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US387998A
Inventor
William J Laffey
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William J Laffey
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Publication date
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Priority to US387998A priority Critical patent/US2736598A/en
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Publication of US2736598A publication Critical patent/US2736598A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C17/00Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith
    • E05C17/02Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means
    • E05C17/38Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a curved rail rigid with the frame for engagement with means on the wing, or vice versa
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10S292/71Refrigerator latches
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0911Hooked end
    • Y10T292/0926Spring projected
    • Y10T292/0928Operating means
    • Y10T292/0934Rigid
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/28Extension link
    • Y10T292/297Notched keeper
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/65Braces

Description

Feb. 28, 1956 w. J. LAFFEY DOOR CONTROL FOR REFRIGERATORS Filed 001;. 25, 1953 INVENTOR.

BY wan. fiiiorizec s.

United 9 DBOR CQNTROL FOR REFRIGERATORS William J. Laffey, Chicago, Ill.

Application October 23, 1953, Serial No. 387 ,98

1 Claim. (Cl. 292-338) My invention relates to large or commercial refrigerators and like cabinets in which the doors are so massive that the momentum when they are pushed causes them to close into locked position, or where such doors are designed to close automatically. It has occurred at times refrigerator and allowed the door of the same to close,

' that a young child gained access to the interior of the with fatal results to the occupant.

When such a door closes it looks, and many commercial refrigerators and cabinets do not contain a device on the inside for unlocking the door. However, the presence of such a device would not be an aid where the child locked in the refrigerator is so young as not to think of or look for a means of unlocking the door. In view of this situation, it is one object of the present invention to devise a means which prevents the closing of the refrigerator door unless an auxiliary external control is actuated.

A further object is to provide a device which can be actuated only from the outside of the refrigerator in order to close the door.

Another object is to mount the auxiliary control preferably on top of the refrigerator, so that it will be at a high and very remote point for the reach of a child attempting to enter the refrigerator while the same is open, or of another child nearby.

An additional object is to design the novel control along lines of simplicity.

With the above object in view, a better understanding of the invention may be had by reference to the accompanying drawing, in which-- Fig. 1 is a top plan view of a refrigerator equipped with the improved control when the door is in the closed position;

Fig. 2 is a similar fragmental view when the door is partly open; and

Fig. 3 is a similar view, showing the door fully open.

In accordance with the foregoing, specific reference to the drawing indicates the cabinet of the refrigerator at and the door at 11. For the purpose of the invention, the door receives a plate at the top, such plate carrying a fastener 16 extended with an arcuate pawl 17 on one side and a lever 18 on the other side. The fastener 16 is pivoted vertically on a bolt 19 secured in the plate 15; and the latter is attached to the door by screws 20 or other suitable means.

The top of the refrigerator cabinet 10 receives a plate 25 formed with a series of ratchet teeth 26 at one side, such series being in an arcuate direction; and the plate 25 is fastened to the top of the cabinet by bolts 23 or other suitable means.

When the door of the refrigerator is closed, the pawl 17 extends around the rear side of the plate 25 and with its tooth 3i beyond the same; and it is pressed into engage ment with the series of teeth 26 by a leaf spring 32 secured by bolts 33 to the door plate 15. When the door is swung open, such as to the position shown in Fig. 2, the pawl 17 is drawn to engage its tooth 30 with the first or second tooth of the plate 25, as shown; and, should the door be swung out to the wide-open position shown in Fig. 3, the tooth of the pawl 17 will have fallen into the last tooth of the plate 25, as shown.

With the door located in any open position, the engagement of the pawl 17 with the toothed plate 25 locks the door from closing of itself or being pushed into closed position. However, when this is desired, it is only necessary to push the lever 18 inwardly, this action causing the tooth 30 of the pawl 17 to recede from the plate 25 and permit the door to be swung closed.

it is now apparent that it is impossible for a child entering the refrigerator or other cabinet equipped with the novel control to close the door thereof without actuating the control. Obviously, the same is far out of reach to a child entering the refrigerator; and, being on top of the latter, it is too far for another child to reach without special effort or means, so that the door cannot be closed until an adult person arrives to actuate the control. The invention therefore has a large margin of safety, and may be depended upon to eliminate the danger first mentioned. Besides, the control is of a very simple nature, and may be produced and affixed at relatively small cost.

While I have described the invention along specific lines, various minor changes or refinements may be made therein without department from its principle, and I reserve the right to employ all such changes and refinements as may come within the scope and spirit of the appended claim.

I claim:

In a cabinet having a vertically hinged door of the same height as said cabinet, a curved rack providing a plurality of ratchet teeth mounted on the top of said cabinet adjacent said hinged door, and a support mounted on the upper edge of said door adjacent said curved rack, the improvement of; a fastener pivoted to said support comprising an arcuate pawl at one end thereof and a laterally UNITED STATES PATENTS 495,412 Hiser Apr. 11, 1893 812,476 Becker Feb. 13, 1906 1,080,172 Rusk Dec. 2, 1913 2,233,699 Gorrell Mar. 4, 1941

US387998A 1953-10-23 1953-10-23 Door control for refrigerators Expired - Lifetime US2736598A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US387998A US2736598A (en) 1953-10-23 1953-10-23 Door control for refrigerators

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US387998A US2736598A (en) 1953-10-23 1953-10-23 Door control for refrigerators

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US2736598A true US2736598A (en) 1956-02-28

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3313136A (en) * 1964-08-04 1967-04-11 Gen Motors Corp Lock cylinder cover
US4083028A (en) * 1975-12-15 1978-04-04 A.B. Chance Company Pad-mounted double-fused vacuum switchgear
US4688143A (en) * 1986-08-26 1987-08-18 A. B. Chance Company Fuse well and housing for pad-mounted, double fused switchgear
FR2630489A1 (en) * 1988-04-20 1989-10-27 Electrolux Ab Combination closure and aeration accessory for door
US20060119234A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-06-08 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd Easy to open refrigerator

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US495412A (en) * 1893-04-11 hiser
US812476A (en) * 1905-10-14 1906-02-13 John Becker Door-holder.
US1080172A (en) * 1913-07-03 1913-12-02 David Gochenauer Automatic sash-lock.
US2233699A (en) * 1940-10-31 1941-03-04 Battle Creek Sanitarium And Be Safety lock means for cabinets

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US495412A (en) * 1893-04-11 hiser
US812476A (en) * 1905-10-14 1906-02-13 John Becker Door-holder.
US1080172A (en) * 1913-07-03 1913-12-02 David Gochenauer Automatic sash-lock.
US2233699A (en) * 1940-10-31 1941-03-04 Battle Creek Sanitarium And Be Safety lock means for cabinets

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3313136A (en) * 1964-08-04 1967-04-11 Gen Motors Corp Lock cylinder cover
US4083028A (en) * 1975-12-15 1978-04-04 A.B. Chance Company Pad-mounted double-fused vacuum switchgear
US4688143A (en) * 1986-08-26 1987-08-18 A. B. Chance Company Fuse well and housing for pad-mounted, double fused switchgear
FR2630489A1 (en) * 1988-04-20 1989-10-27 Electrolux Ab Combination closure and aeration accessory for door
US20060119234A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-06-08 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd Easy to open refrigerator

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