US2735424A - Cervical brace - Google Patents

Cervical brace Download PDF

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Publication number
US2735424A
US2735424A US2735424DA US2735424A US 2735424 A US2735424 A US 2735424A US 2735424D A US2735424D A US 2735424DA US 2735424 A US2735424 A US 2735424A
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plate
brace
back
plates
cervical
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/04Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints
    • A61F5/05Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints for immobilising
    • A61F5/055Cervical collars
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S128/00Surgery
    • Y10S128/23Cervical collars

Description

Feb. 21, 1956 M. J. BENJAMIN CERVICAL. BRACE Filed March 3l, 1953 JU/LBUQN rl: BEM/AMW,

INVENTOR.

TTENE YS.

CERVICAL BRACE Milburn I. Benjamin, Glendale, Calif. Application March 31, 1953, Serial No. 345,783 1 Claim. (Cl. 12S-S7) This invention relates to cervical brace apparatus.

Cervical injuries are often of such nature that the patient may be allowed to walk around, provided his head and neck are held quite rigid. To achieve such ambulation it is customary to provide the patient with a cervical brace, which supports his head and immobilizes it. Because of the widely diierent anatomies encountered in treatment of cervical injuries, it has been quite customary to custom fabricate the cervical brace for each individual patient, taking the measurement and contour of the brace from a plaster mold made of the cervical and thoracic portion of the patients body. This procedure is not only expensive but also often requires the patient to wait for a considerable time before his brace is ready.

As an alternative, attempts have been made to manufacture standard cervical braces and adjust them to varying anatomies. This has for the most part required the elimination of the relatively rigid metal shoulder plates, which, in the custom braces are formed integrally with the back plate. However, when such shoulder plates are eliminated and replaced by separate pads secured by straps, it has been found that the lost rigidity derogates appreciably from the required immobilizing action of the brace; and the patient is not as adequately protected by the brace as he should be.

It is an important object of this invention to provide a brace which may be produced in standard form for many patients while still retaining the advantages of relatively rigid metal shoulder plates.

It is often possible for a patient wearing a cervical brace to loosen the chin straps which secure his chin plate in place so that he may shave, wash his face, and place a fresh gauze pad under his chin. This operation, however, is rendered somewhat diicult by the present practice of placing the buckle which adjusts the chin strap, at the forward end of the strap. This is required so that the patient can more readily get to the buckle for detachng it and moving the chin plate aside. However, the operation requires the unbuckling and rebuckling of the chin straps, which is difficult for some patients, and also leaves the bulky buckle sticking out at the forepart of the wearers head.

It is a further important object of this invention to provide a simplified chin strap securement which the wearer may readily loosen and resecure without requiring him to go through the motions of adjusting the buckle each time. In this connection it is a further object of the invention to place the adjusting buckle at a less obstrusive position on the brace.

It is another object of this invention to provide a cervical brace apparatus which is of rigid construction, and may also be adjusted to suit the anatomy of different wearers.

It is another object of this invention to preclude the necessity for individual or custom fabricating of cervical braces for each individual wearer.

It is another object of this invention to provide a cervical brace which may be produced in quantity in standnited States Patent O Cel ard form, and? still provide adequate immobilizingl for the wearer.

Itis another object of this invention to provide simplified means whereby a wearer may more easily remove or disengage a portion of the cervical brace which he is wearing.

In accordance with these and otherr objects which will become apparent hereinafter, a preferred embodiment of the invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawing wherein:

Fig. 1 is a front View of a patient wearing the cervical brace of the instant invention.

Fig. 2 is a side view of the patient wearing the brace.

Fig. 3 is a back view of the patient wearing the brace.

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary detail showing an important feature of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary cross-section taken on line 5--5 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary cross-section taken on line 6 6 of Fig. 3.

In the drawing, the cervical brace is shown comprised of a back plate 11 which rests against the upper portion of the wearers back. The back plate 11 is roughly of square configuration, although the corners are rounded and the bottom edge has a deep relief 12 to permit shaping of the plate both horizontally and vertically to match body contour. The upper edge is also molded, as shown at 13, to adapt itself to the wearers anatomy.

A front or chest plate 14 is also provided, Vwhich bears against the wearers chest just below the neck. The plate 14 is roughlyY trapezoidal in shape and is also molded to fit the wearers anatomy.

A cup-shaped chin plate 16 is provided on which the wearers chin is adapted to rest. Depending from the bottom of the chin-plate 16 and secured thereto by a suitable weldment, is a front brace 17, which bends outwardly at its bottom end as shown at 18, and is adjustably secured to the center of the chest plate 14. The adjustable securement of the brace 17 to the plate 14 is effected through a small strengthening plate 19 secured to the plate 14 and having an elongate, vertical boss 21. The boss 21 rides within an elongate slot 22 formed longitudinally in the brace 17. A screw 23 is threaded into the plates 19 and 14; and the head of the screw bears against the brace 17 at each side of the slot 22 to secure the brace 17 to the plate 14, while permitting vertical adjustment.

An occipital plate 24, generally arcuate in shape, rests against the back of the wearers head immediately above the neck. Depending from the plate 24 and secured thereto, as by welding, s a rear brace 26, which is adjustably secured to the back plate 11 in a manner similar to that by which the front brace 17 is secured to the chest plate 14.

In accordance with this invention a pair of shoulder plates 27 rest upon the shoulders of the wearer. The rear ends of the shoulder plates overlie the respective upper corners of the back plate 11, and are pivotally and frictionally secured thereto by pin connections, as shown in Fig. 5. In the particular embodiment shown, a pair of rivets 28 are used, which secure the plates 27 and 11 together pivotally, and also press them together tightly enough that they will stay in adjusted position by virtue of the friction between the plates. All of the plates 11, 14, 16, 24, and 27, as well as the braces 17 and 26 are preferably fabricated of light weight metal sheet such as aluminum.

The instant construction of the shoulder plates 27 pro-y vides virtually the same rigidity and immobilizing of the patients head as is provided in those braces where the shoulder plates are integral with the back plate. At the same time the adjustability provided by the pivot 28 allows a single model to be used on patients having widely varying shoulder anatomies.

All of the plates are preferably covered on both sides and around the edges by `a softening material such as felt, covered with light horse hide Vand Yan outside trim of light sole leather. The covering over the .shoulder plates 27 terminates, on the inner face of the plates 27, just short ofthe edge of the back plate 11, as shown at 29 in Fig. 5` The covering on the upper or outer face ofthe shoulder plates ,27 continues over the rivet 28 and overlies the leather on the back :plate 11, as 'shown at 31 in Fig. 5. Conversely, the covering on the outer face of the back plate 11 terminates atthe edge of the overlying shoulder plate 27, as shown at 32 in 'Eig'. 5; while the covering on the under face of the 'back plate 11 covers the .rivet 28 and continues around the upper. edge of the back plate 11 as shown at 33 in Fig. 5.

The covering on the outer face of the back `plate 11 is cut away to allow protrusion of the strengthening plate 19 with -its elongate boss 21, as shown at 34 in Fig. 3. Similar construction is employed on the chest plate 14.

'IIhe forward ends of the shoulder plates 27 are secured by shoulder straps 36 to the respective upper corners of the chest plate 14. The effective length of the straps `36, and hence the distance between the plates 27 and 14, are adjusted by buckles 37.

Chest straps 38 extend under each arm pit of the wearer and connect the bottom corners of the chest plate 14 with the respective bottom corners of the back plate 11. The chest straps are also made adjustable in elective length by buckles 39.

Head straps 41 .are provided at each side of the wearers head connecting the adjacent portions of the chin plate 16 .and the occipital plate 24. As shown in'Fig. 2, the rear end of the strap 41 is permanently secured at 42 to the leather covering of the occipital plate 24. The strap 41 is made adjustable in eiective length by a buckle 43.

In accordance with the instant invention, the forward end of the strap 41 is readily detachably secured to the chin plate 16 by asnap connection 44. T his snap connection may be readily unsnapped and resnapped 4into position by the wearer; and in so doing he does not alter the adjustment of the belt 41, since the buckle 43 remains unaffected. The snap securement at 44 not only facilitates partial disassembly of the brace by the wearer, but also removes the bulky buckle portion of the strap to the rear of the wearers head where 'it 'is not as obtrusive.

While the instant invention has been shown and described herein in what is conceived to be the most practical and preferred embodiment, it is recognized that departures may be made therefrom within the scope of the invention, which is therefore not to be limited to the details disclosed herein but Ais 'tolbe accorded the full scope of the claim.

What is claimed is:

Cervical brace apparatus comprising in -combination a back plate of leather covered metal adapted to Vrest `against the back of a person, a pair of arcuate leather covered shoulder plates pivotally `and r-firictioua'lly attached to said back plate at the respective upper corners of said back plate, said shoulder plates being adapted to rest upon the shoulders of the person, a leather covered chest plate adapted to rest against the chest yof the person, a pair of shoulder .straps adjustably connecting the respective yforward ends of said shoulder .plates to the upper corners of said chest plate, a `pair of chest straps connecting the respective lower corners of said back plate with the corresponding 4lower corners of said chest plate and adapted to extend beneath the arm pits of a person, a chin plate adapted to rest beneath the chin -of a .person and having a brace extending substantially vertically downwardly therefrom, said lbrace being secured to said chest plate for vertical adjustment with respect thereto, and occipital plate adapted to be disposed against the occiput of the person, a rear brace secured to said occipital plate and eX- tending downwardly therefrom, means adjustably securing said rear brace to said back plate for vertical adjustrnent with respect thereto, and a pair of chin straps connecting said chin plate with said occipital plate at the respective sides of the persons head.

Orthopaedic Appliances Atlas, published bythe American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Inc., in 1952, page 225. Copy in Div. 5'5, received April 1`0, 1952.

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Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3055358A (en) * 1959-08-05 1962-09-25 Palma Leon J Di Cervical collar
US3103215A (en) * 1961-06-30 1963-09-10 Schmidt William Cervical brace
US3148375A (en) * 1962-02-20 1964-09-15 Cordell C Jones Football helmet harness
DE1199921B (en) * 1962-02-06 1965-09-02 Apel & Blaich Apparatus for supporting the head and supporting the vertebral column
US3313297A (en) * 1962-06-18 1967-04-11 Surgical Appliance Ind Cervical splint
US3724452A (en) * 1971-03-04 1973-04-03 Green T Cervical brace
US3779549A (en) * 1972-04-21 1973-12-18 Pisesky M Head brace for hockey players
DE3423872A1 (en) * 1983-10-01 1985-04-18 Tohru Horiuchi Adjustable stuetzkorsett for the cervical spine and the hull
US4515153A (en) * 1983-08-04 1985-05-07 Charles Greiner & Company, Inc. Stabilizer for cervical collar
US4582051A (en) * 1984-02-08 1986-04-15 United States Manufacturing Company Cervical collar with circumferential and vertical height adjustability and stability
US4593788A (en) * 1984-02-21 1986-06-10 Larry Miller Rescue apparatus
US4648390A (en) * 1985-05-17 1987-03-10 Friddle Frank E Low profile neck ring orthosis
US4757554A (en) * 1986-07-07 1988-07-19 Blair George A Skiers safety harness
US4793334A (en) * 1986-07-22 1988-12-27 Mcguinness Charles G Cervical brace
EP0404362A1 (en) * 1989-06-15 1990-12-27 Protectair Limited Orthopaedic brace and motion control mechanism therefor
US5141489A (en) * 1991-07-26 1992-08-25 Sereboff Joel L Cervical brace
US5320596A (en) * 1992-12-14 1994-06-14 The Research Foundation Of State Univ. Of Ny Cervical orthosis
US5409450A (en) * 1993-09-16 1995-04-25 Donelson; Ronald Cervical brace
US5411038A (en) * 1992-12-14 1995-05-02 The Research Foundation Of State University Of New York Method of using a cervical orthosis
US5520619A (en) * 1993-05-20 1996-05-28 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US5588957A (en) * 1993-05-20 1996-12-31 Ambu International A/S Cervical collar
US5797863A (en) * 1995-11-30 1998-08-25 Ambu International A/S Collapsible cervical collar
US5993403A (en) * 1993-05-20 1999-11-30 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US6036664A (en) * 1994-02-22 2000-03-14 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
US6090058A (en) * 1996-12-23 2000-07-18 Laerdal Medical Corporation Multiple-size cervical collar
US6213765B1 (en) * 1999-12-17 2001-04-10 R. William Standerwick Orthodontic protraction appliance with head-chest bracing
US20020156409A1 (en) * 2001-03-19 2002-10-24 Lee Freddy T. Cervical immobilization device
US6726643B1 (en) 1994-02-22 2004-04-27 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
US6913584B2 (en) 1999-10-27 2005-07-05 Ambu Inc. Cervical immobilizing device
US20110004136A1 (en) * 2008-02-14 2011-01-06 Massimo Giontella Orthopedic tutor for spine and method
US20110111876A1 (en) * 2009-11-06 2011-05-12 Monroe Hart Golf Training System and Method
WO2012088139A1 (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-06-28 Salvatore Calabrese Cervical collar with independent height and circumference adjustability
US20130289460A1 (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-10-31 Eric Schiffman Brace
US9668906B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2017-06-06 Ossur Hf Cervical collar
US9713546B2 (en) 2012-05-21 2017-07-25 Ossur Hf Cervical collar

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US496816A (en) * 1893-05-02 Territory
US639072A (en) * 1898-11-05 1899-12-12 Mary Lyons Body-brace.

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US496816A (en) * 1893-05-02 Territory
US639072A (en) * 1898-11-05 1899-12-12 Mary Lyons Body-brace.

Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3055358A (en) * 1959-08-05 1962-09-25 Palma Leon J Di Cervical collar
US3103215A (en) * 1961-06-30 1963-09-10 Schmidt William Cervical brace
DE1199921B (en) * 1962-02-06 1965-09-02 Apel & Blaich Apparatus for supporting the head and supporting the vertebral column
US3148375A (en) * 1962-02-20 1964-09-15 Cordell C Jones Football helmet harness
US3313297A (en) * 1962-06-18 1967-04-11 Surgical Appliance Ind Cervical splint
US3724452A (en) * 1971-03-04 1973-04-03 Green T Cervical brace
US3779549A (en) * 1972-04-21 1973-12-18 Pisesky M Head brace for hockey players
US4515153A (en) * 1983-08-04 1985-05-07 Charles Greiner & Company, Inc. Stabilizer for cervical collar
DE3423872A1 (en) * 1983-10-01 1985-04-18 Tohru Horiuchi Adjustable stuetzkorsett for the cervical spine and the hull
FR2555435A1 (en) * 1983-10-01 1985-05-31 Horiuchi Tohru adjustable corset for cervical vertebras
US4582051A (en) * 1984-02-08 1986-04-15 United States Manufacturing Company Cervical collar with circumferential and vertical height adjustability and stability
US4593788A (en) * 1984-02-21 1986-06-10 Larry Miller Rescue apparatus
US4648390A (en) * 1985-05-17 1987-03-10 Friddle Frank E Low profile neck ring orthosis
US4757554A (en) * 1986-07-07 1988-07-19 Blair George A Skiers safety harness
US4793334A (en) * 1986-07-22 1988-12-27 Mcguinness Charles G Cervical brace
EP0404362A1 (en) * 1989-06-15 1990-12-27 Protectair Limited Orthopaedic brace and motion control mechanism therefor
US5046490A (en) * 1989-06-15 1991-09-10 Protectair Limited Orthopaedic brace and motion control mechanism therefor
US5141489A (en) * 1991-07-26 1992-08-25 Sereboff Joel L Cervical brace
US5320596A (en) * 1992-12-14 1994-06-14 The Research Foundation Of State Univ. Of Ny Cervical orthosis
US5411038A (en) * 1992-12-14 1995-05-02 The Research Foundation Of State University Of New York Method of using a cervical orthosis
US5993403A (en) * 1993-05-20 1999-11-30 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US5520619A (en) * 1993-05-20 1996-05-28 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US6245033B1 (en) 1993-05-20 2001-06-12 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US5728054A (en) * 1993-05-20 1998-03-17 Ambu International A/S Adjustable cervical collar
US5588957A (en) * 1993-05-20 1996-12-31 Ambu International A/S Cervical collar
US5409450A (en) * 1993-09-16 1995-04-25 Donelson; Ronald Cervical brace
US6726643B1 (en) 1994-02-22 2004-04-27 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
US6036664A (en) * 1994-02-22 2000-03-14 Ambu International A/S Automatic adjustable cervical collar
US5797863A (en) * 1995-11-30 1998-08-25 Ambu International A/S Collapsible cervical collar
US6090058A (en) * 1996-12-23 2000-07-18 Laerdal Medical Corporation Multiple-size cervical collar
US6913584B2 (en) 1999-10-27 2005-07-05 Ambu Inc. Cervical immobilizing device
US6213765B1 (en) * 1999-12-17 2001-04-10 R. William Standerwick Orthodontic protraction appliance with head-chest bracing
US20020156409A1 (en) * 2001-03-19 2002-10-24 Lee Freddy T. Cervical immobilization device
US7297127B2 (en) 2001-03-19 2007-11-20 Ambu Inc. Cervical immobilization device
US8529482B2 (en) * 2008-02-14 2013-09-10 Massimo Giontella Orthopedic tutor for spine and method
US20110004136A1 (en) * 2008-02-14 2011-01-06 Massimo Giontella Orthopedic tutor for spine and method
US9668906B2 (en) 2008-12-03 2017-06-06 Ossur Hf Cervical collar
US20110111876A1 (en) * 2009-11-06 2011-05-12 Monroe Hart Golf Training System and Method
US8808103B2 (en) * 2009-11-06 2014-08-19 Monroe Hart Golf training system and method
US8932243B2 (en) 2010-12-20 2015-01-13 Salvatore Calabrese Cervical collar with independent height and circumference adjustability
WO2012088139A1 (en) * 2010-12-20 2012-06-28 Salvatore Calabrese Cervical collar with independent height and circumference adjustability
US8864694B2 (en) * 2012-04-26 2014-10-21 Eric Schiffman Brace
US20130289460A1 (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-10-31 Eric Schiffman Brace
US9713546B2 (en) 2012-05-21 2017-07-25 Ossur Hf Cervical collar

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