US2731972A - Cover device - Google Patents

Cover device Download PDF

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US2731972A
US2731972A US2731972DA US2731972A US 2731972 A US2731972 A US 2731972A US 2731972D A US2731972D A US 2731972DA US 2731972 A US2731972 A US 2731972A
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Prior art keywords
rods
cover
covering
article
hub
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D55/00Accessories for container closures not otherwise provided for
    • B65D55/02Locking devices; Means for discouraging or indicating unauthorised opening or removal of closure
    • B65D55/06Deformable or tearable wires, strings, or strips; Use of seals, e.g. destructible locking pins
    • B65D55/063Muzzlets

Description

Jan. 24, 1956 v, J, BRAUN 2,731,972

COVER DEVICE Filed Jan. 19, 1953 Jan/MM 31 24 d/xad/r 1/4 INVENTOR.

HWHJI 177mm: x

United States Patent '0 2,731,972 COVER DEVICE Virgilius Joseph Braun, Los Angeles, Calif., assignor, by mesne assignments, to Hughes Aircraft Company, a corporation of Delaware Application January 19, 1953, Serial No. 332,030 2 Claims. (Cl. 135--5) This invention relates generally to means for protecting articles or their contents, and more particularly to a spring-like, self-releasing cover device suitable, for example, for providing a protective covering for an article, and which is capable of being easily removed from the article with a minimum amount of handling and damage to the article.

Cover devices, as employed heretofore, generally require some application of force to remove them, and the transfer of such force to the article itself may damage the article. Such damage to the article may represent a considerable loss of time and investment.

This invention provides a protective cover device which requires a minimum of handling to release-it from an article and which permits the use o'fprotective coverings having characteristics desired for optimum protection for the particular article to be covered. In accordance with one embodiment of this invention, the cover device includes a hub member from which a plurality of spoke-like, flexible rod members extend. The outer ends of the rods are flexed, in the same direction, toward the axis of the hub member, and they are maintained in the flexed position by a suitable banding element, which maybe wire cord, or a fiber strap, that engages the ends thereof. A covering material such as paper or foil surrounds the hub member and rods to provide a bag-like protecting cover to be placed over the article. When it is desired to remove the cover, the banding element may be parted, as by being broken or cut, "to free the flexed rods for movement away from the axis of the hub member. The rods are adapted to spring from their flexed positions and lift or fold the covering material therewith. Subsequently, the entire assembly may be lifted away from the exposed article.

It is, therefore, an object of thisinvention to provide an improved covering device for protecting articles and/ or their contents, in which a covering material surrounds spring-like elements held in flexed condition, and in which such spring-like elements may be freed to unfiex and provide for easy removal of the covering material from the article.

It is another object of this invention to provide an improved cover device which may surround an article to be protected, and which requires a minimum of handling for removal thereof from the article.

It is still a further object of this invention to provide an improved cover device for protecting articles which employs a minimum number of inexpensive component parts of simple design and which is capable of reliable operation.

The novel features which are believed to be characteristic of the invention, both as to its organization and method of operation, together with. further objects and advantages thereof, will be better understood from that following description considered in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which preferred embodiments of the invention are illustrated by way of example. The

scope of the invention is pointed out in the appended claims. Referring to the drawing:

Fig. l is a top plan view of the skeletal structure of a cover device in accordance with this invention;

Fig. 2 is a view in elevation, with certain parts being broken away, of a cover device utilizing the skeletal structure of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a view in elevation, parts being broken away, of a second embodiment of the cover device shown in Fig. 2 for use as a covering for bottles, also in accordance with this invention;

Fig. 4 is a perspective view illustrating still another embodiment of the cover device of the invention shown in Fig. 2 to provide a very simple but effective protective covering for the protection of small plants; and

Fig. 5 is a perspective view showing the skeletal strucrure of the protective cover device shown in Fig. 4 after removal of the covering.

Referring to the drawing, in which like reference characters indicate like parts throughout, and more particularly to Figs. 1 and 2, the cover device of this invention employs a skeletal structure comprising a central member or hub 10. Spaced about the periphery of the hub in spoke-like fashion are a number of flexible rods 12. The inner ends of these rods are secured in the lateral peripheral surface of the hub 19. Spaced a short distance from the outer end of each rod is a depression or recess 14 which, as will now be explained with reference to Fig. 2, provides means for securing the rods 12 in a flexed condition.

As shown in Fi 2, the rods 12 have their ends pulled inward toward the axis of the hub 10. They are maintained in this flexed position by a banding element, such as a stray or wire 16 which surrounds all the rods 12. To insure that rods 12 will be held flexed, the banding wire 16 may thread through loops formed by the rods 12 adjacent their ends, or, as shown in Fig. 2 the banding wire 16 may rest in depressions 14 at the outer ends of rods 12. The banding wire 16 has its ends connected by a suitable connecting link member 18. Surrounding the rods 12, and extending from the hub 10 substantially to the ends of the rods 12, is a suitable cover or covering material 20 for enclosing and protecting an article.

In the present embodiment of this invention, the cover device is placed over an article, as schematically indicated at 22. The banding wire 16, which is placed over the rods 12 and covering material 20, is drawn tight so as to secure the rods 12 and covering material 20 tightly about the article 22. In this manner, a suitable dust-tight covering for the article 22 is provided. When it is desired to remove such covering from the device 22, the mechanical connection between the ends of the banding wire 16, as provided by the connecting link 18, may be broken. The manner of breaking such mechanical connection may, of course, be manual, that is, the connecting link 18 may be cut with a suitable implement. However, the connecting link 18, in addition to providing sufficient mechanical strength to hold the flexed rods 12 securely to the article 22, may comprise a conductive fuse element adapted for connection, as indicated, to a suitable control circuit 24. Upon sufiicient current being supplied from control circuit 24 to Weaken such fuse, the outward force of the flexed rods 12 against the banding wire 16 will cause the connecting link 18 to breakv Upon the mechanical linkage provided by connecting link 18 being broken, the rods 12 are adapted to disengage the article 22 by folding back covering material 20 and tending to assume a position in the plane of the hub 10 (Fig. l). The material 20 may have folds so that it will readily unfold upon the rods 12 unilexing, or the material 20 may be thin and drawn tightly over the rods 12, whereupon the unflexed rods may tear through it. The cover device may then be removed with ease, as,

, desired position.

for example, by lifting away from the article 22 by means of a small ring 26 affixed to the top of the hub it).

The covering material 20 provided for the cover device of this invention may comprise material suitable for the protection required for the article 22. For example, if the article 22 requires only that protection which can be provided by untreated paper, the covering material 29 may be comprised of such untreated paper. On the other hand, covering material 20 may be exposed to the atmosphere, and it may be desirable that it be substantially weatherproof; in this case, suitably treated material may be used as the covering material 2% The article 22 to be protected may comprise electronic parts which may be susceptible to injury, or whose eificiency may be damaged, by strong radiant energy signals in the vicinity thereof. The covering material 20, to be adequate for proper protection of an article 22 of this character, may comprise material that is capable of reflecting and/or absorbing radiant energy, such as aluminum foil of adequate thickness.

An adaptation of the cover device of the invention for use in the bottling industry is illustrated in Fig. 3. ferring to Fig. 3, a bottle, as indicated at 30, is adapted to be corked by means of a cover device utilizing a hub member in the form of a cap 32 for a cork or stopper 34. The cap 32 serves the same purpose as the hub of Figs 1 and 2, and flexible rods 12 are attached thereto in the same manner. Upon the cork 34 being placed in the neck of the bottle 30, the ends of the flexible rods 12 may be forced downwardly over the neck of the bottle 30, where they are secured in position by the use of handing wire 16 and connecting link 18 in the manner previously described. The covering material 21) in this case may be any suitable covering material used in the industry, such, for example, as metal foil. The ends of the rods 12 may be rounded, as shown, so they can be gathered by hand to remove the cork 34 from the bottle 30; alternatively, a ring, such as ring 26 of Fig. 1, may be provided for removing cork 34.

Another adaptation of the cover device of the invention heretofore described for use in the agricultural field is illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5. In the agricultural field, extended use of paper bags, known as hot caps, is made for protecting young plants during an initial critical period of growth. Heretofore, it has been the practice to cover individual plants with such a paper bag, firmly packing dirt around the open end of the paper bag to hold it to the ground, and relying upon the elements to effect deterioration of the paper at the end of such critical period of growth. Among the problems presented by the use of such protective coverings is that of nonuniform deterioration of the paper. In many instances,

partially deteriorated paper may be blown against the plant and injure it. In other instances, deterioration may not be sufliciently rapid to free the plant from its covering so as to permit it to receive sufficient air and sunlight to further promote its growth. In such instances, vigil must be exercised to discover faulty coverings, and they must be removed by hand from the plants. The use of the protective covering device of this invention to avoid such losses of investment will now be explained.

Referring to Fig. 4, a small hub member 4% is shown supporting four flexible rods 42, 43, 44, 45 of the type previously described. As shown, two of the rods 44, 45, which are placed relatively close together, are longer than the other rods 42, 43. In this embodiment of the invention, the rods 42, 43, 44, 45 preferably are held flexed only by the covering material 46 that surrounds them. Covering material 46 extends from the hub member 49 to a plane passing through the ends of the shorter rods 42, 43. Projecting portions of the longer rods 44, 45 constitute prongs 47, 48 which, for example, may be inserted in the ground for holding the cover device in a 4 As employed for the protection of young plants, the covering material 46 may be placed over the plant and the prongs 47, 48 inserted in the ground for anchoring the cover device over the plant.

The covering material 46 preferably is chemically treated so that it will begin to deteriorate at the end of the desired period through which protective covering for a plant is required. At the termination of such critical period, upon weakening of the covering material 46, the flexed rods 42, 43 will tear through the covering material 46 and away from the plant thereunder. The covering material 46 will thus be torn and lifted away from the I plant, thereby permitting air and sunlight to reach the plant for furthering its growth. The removed covering may thus complete its deterioration without injury to the plant and loss of investment therein.

Fig. 5 illustrates the position of the hub member 40 and rods 42, 43, 44, 45 following the removal of the covering material 46 from a plant in the manner above described. The longer rods 44, 45 will, of course, have remained in the ground to provide a pivot around which the hub member 40 and the shorter rods 42, 43 unflex. It is to be noted that the skeletal structure provided by such hub member 40 and the rods 42, 43, 44, 45 is a salvageable article, because it may be removed from the ground and recovered, thereby permitting its repeated use for the same purpose.

With reference to the flexible rods 12 (Figs. 1-3) and 42, 43, 44, 45 (Figs. 4 and 5), they may be made of any suitable material. For example, such rods may be formed of suitable metals, such as Phosphor bronze, or they may be formed of suitable plastic material adapted to be flexed and which has spring-like qualities.

From the foregoing, it is clear that there has been described an improved cover device for articles, in which self-releasing elements are provided for permitting easy removal of such device from an article with a minimum of handling and possible abuse of the article.

What is claimed is:

l. A cover device adapted for disposition over articles to be protected comprising, in combination: a hub memher; a plurality of flexible rods cylindrical in cross section, having ends thereof secured to a peripheral portion of said hub member and normally biased for disposition radially outwardly therefrom, said rods being adapted for flexation to establish a generally conical frame structure; laterally disposed notches in each of said rods adjacent free ends thereof remote from said secured ends; an unsecured protective cover positioned on said rods, said cover having a configuration conforming to said generally conical frame structure established by said rods; a resilient banding member having free ends disposed about said protective cover and overlyingsaid notches in said rods for maintaining said rods in a flexed position and securing said cover thereto; and an electrically fusible link connected to said ends of said banding member for maintaining said ends together, said rods being adapted for flexation toward said normal radial position thereof upon fusation of said link to effect removal of the cover and rods from said article being protected.

2. A cover device according to claim 1 wherein said protective cover is of frangible, radiantly reflective material and adapted to tear away upon said flexation of said rods toward said normal position thereof.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 534,001 Northall a- Feb. 12, 1895 794,849 Brooks July 18, 1905 1,441,742 OBrien Jan. 9, 1923 1,608,394 Henry Nov. 23, 1926 1,635,511 Tevander July 12, 1927 2,049,380 Huber July 28, 1936 new. .,....a I

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Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4132257A (en) * 1977-07-18 1979-01-02 Michael Filosa Protective device for logs and log racks
US5398443A (en) * 1993-07-19 1995-03-21 Northern Tier Gardens Corporation Windowed shelter for plants
US5836332A (en) * 1997-09-08 1998-11-17 Mick; James Shopping cart canopy
WO1999014153A1 (en) * 1997-09-16 1999-03-25 Eet Corporation, Doing Business As Eet Tn Corporation Safety web lid retainer for waste drum
US5988017A (en) * 1997-09-16 1999-11-23 Eet Tn Corporation Safety web lid retainer for waste drum
US6058808A (en) * 1998-08-18 2000-05-09 Eet Tennessee Corporation Safety web lid retainer for waste drum
US6131217A (en) * 1999-01-27 2000-10-17 Kasem; Jean Convertible canopy crib
US20030196562A1 (en) * 2002-04-19 2003-10-23 Trickett James R. Spring-loaded folding grill cover device
US20050049596A1 (en) * 2003-08-06 2005-03-03 Kenneth Stewart Bone instrumentation cover or shield
GB2420262A (en) * 2004-11-22 2006-05-24 Bernard Franklin Jory Collapsible shelter for garden and potted plants
GB2431852A (en) * 2005-11-01 2007-05-09 Bernard Franklin Jory A collapsible protection device for potted plants and seeds
US20110049153A1 (en) * 2009-09-02 2011-03-03 Lana Marceca Drink cover
US20110073147A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2011-03-31 Kwan Jun Choi Roof connecting mechanism of foldable tent
US8590554B2 (en) 2007-11-30 2013-11-26 Ki Ho Jin Foldable tent with integrated ventilation system
US20140196364A1 (en) * 2013-01-16 2014-07-17 Jonathan E. Mayner Apparatus and system to convert planters into individual greenhouses
US9366054B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2016-06-14 Ki Ho Jin Foldable tent
US9382723B2 (en) 2012-11-29 2016-07-05 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co. Ltd. Mechanism for folding and unfolding a tent or awning
US9546500B2 (en) 2013-12-26 2017-01-17 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co. Ltd. Tent frame
US9574366B2 (en) 2013-05-16 2017-02-21 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co. Ltd. Control structure for folding a shelter
US9605441B2 (en) 2014-04-02 2017-03-28 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co. Ltd. Tent frame top connecting structure
US9650805B2 (en) 2013-12-05 2017-05-16 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Top connecting apparatus for a shelter frame
US9784009B2 (en) 2015-03-24 2017-10-10 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Integrated tent having multiple tent units
US9976319B2 (en) 2014-03-31 2018-05-22 HKD Global Limited Tent system employing an improved spider hub and associated frame structure and method of compacting the frame for reduced storage size
US10012007B2 (en) 2016-04-07 2018-07-03 Xiamen Innovation Metal Products Co., Ltd. Tent frame and tent with slidably coupled top poles
US10041271B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2018-08-07 Xiamen Innovation Metal Products Co., Ltd. Foldable tent
US10119298B2 (en) 2016-11-21 2018-11-06 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Convenient tent
US10227792B2 (en) 2013-05-08 2019-03-12 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Tent having enhanced tent top
US10253522B2 (en) 2013-02-05 2019-04-09 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Shelter frame with transverse member
US10329790B2 (en) 2017-04-21 2019-06-25 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Tent frame and tent with extended top
US10337204B2 (en) 2014-12-26 2019-07-02 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Tent top folding and unfolding structure

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US534001A (en) * 1895-02-12 Thirds to
US794849A (en) * 1905-03-17 1905-07-18 Edward J Brooks Bottle-seal.
US1441742A (en) * 1920-10-21 1923-01-09 Thomas F I O'brien Closure for receptacles
US1608394A (en) * 1925-12-03 1926-11-23 Henry Beulah Louise Parasol bag
US1635511A (en) * 1926-05-20 1927-07-12 Standard Cap & Seal Corp Bottle closure and method of producing the same
US2049380A (en) * 1936-03-02 1936-07-28 Huber Charlotte Inflatable umbrella

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US534001A (en) * 1895-02-12 Thirds to
US794849A (en) * 1905-03-17 1905-07-18 Edward J Brooks Bottle-seal.
US1441742A (en) * 1920-10-21 1923-01-09 Thomas F I O'brien Closure for receptacles
US1608394A (en) * 1925-12-03 1926-11-23 Henry Beulah Louise Parasol bag
US1635511A (en) * 1926-05-20 1927-07-12 Standard Cap & Seal Corp Bottle closure and method of producing the same
US2049380A (en) * 1936-03-02 1936-07-28 Huber Charlotte Inflatable umbrella

Cited By (41)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4132257A (en) * 1977-07-18 1979-01-02 Michael Filosa Protective device for logs and log racks
US5398443A (en) * 1993-07-19 1995-03-21 Northern Tier Gardens Corporation Windowed shelter for plants
US5836332A (en) * 1997-09-08 1998-11-17 Mick; James Shopping cart canopy
WO1999014153A1 (en) * 1997-09-16 1999-03-25 Eet Corporation, Doing Business As Eet Tn Corporation Safety web lid retainer for waste drum
US5988017A (en) * 1997-09-16 1999-11-23 Eet Tn Corporation Safety web lid retainer for waste drum
US6058808A (en) * 1998-08-18 2000-05-09 Eet Tennessee Corporation Safety web lid retainer for waste drum
US6131217A (en) * 1999-01-27 2000-10-17 Kasem; Jean Convertible canopy crib
US7152733B2 (en) * 2002-04-19 2006-12-26 Harmon Industries, Llc Spring-loaded folding grill cover device
US20030196562A1 (en) * 2002-04-19 2003-10-23 Trickett James R. Spring-loaded folding grill cover device
US9757155B2 (en) 2003-08-06 2017-09-12 Kenneth Stewart Bone instrumentation cover or shield
US20050049596A1 (en) * 2003-08-06 2005-03-03 Kenneth Stewart Bone instrumentation cover or shield
US8025685B2 (en) * 2003-08-06 2011-09-27 Kenneth Stewart Bone instrumentation cover or shield
GB2420262B (en) * 2004-11-22 2007-05-30 Bernard Franklin Jory Collapsible protection system for plants
GB2420262A (en) * 2004-11-22 2006-05-24 Bernard Franklin Jory Collapsible shelter for garden and potted plants
GB2431852A (en) * 2005-11-01 2007-05-09 Bernard Franklin Jory A collapsible protection device for potted plants and seeds
GB2431852B (en) * 2005-11-01 2007-09-19 Bernard Franklin Jory A collapsible protection device for potted plants and seeds
US9243423B2 (en) 2007-11-30 2016-01-26 Ki Ho Jin Foldable tent
US8448656B2 (en) 2007-11-30 2013-05-28 Ki Ho Jin Roof connecting mechanism of foldable tent
US8590554B2 (en) 2007-11-30 2013-11-26 Ki Ho Jin Foldable tent with integrated ventilation system
US9243424B2 (en) 2007-11-30 2016-01-26 Ki Ho Jin Hub assembly for a foldable tent
US20110073147A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2011-03-31 Kwan Jun Choi Roof connecting mechanism of foldable tent
US9151072B2 (en) 2007-11-30 2015-10-06 Ki Ho Jin Foldable tent
US8925565B2 (en) 2007-11-30 2015-01-06 Ki Ho Jin Hub assembly for a foldable tent
US20110049153A1 (en) * 2009-09-02 2011-03-03 Lana Marceca Drink cover
US9382723B2 (en) 2012-11-29 2016-07-05 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co. Ltd. Mechanism for folding and unfolding a tent or awning
US20140196364A1 (en) * 2013-01-16 2014-07-17 Jonathan E. Mayner Apparatus and system to convert planters into individual greenhouses
US10253522B2 (en) 2013-02-05 2019-04-09 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Shelter frame with transverse member
US10227792B2 (en) 2013-05-08 2019-03-12 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Tent having enhanced tent top
US9574366B2 (en) 2013-05-16 2017-02-21 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co. Ltd. Control structure for folding a shelter
US9650805B2 (en) 2013-12-05 2017-05-16 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Top connecting apparatus for a shelter frame
US9963903B2 (en) 2013-12-05 2018-05-08 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Top connecting apparatus for a shelter frame
US9366054B2 (en) 2013-12-12 2016-06-14 Ki Ho Jin Foldable tent
US9546500B2 (en) 2013-12-26 2017-01-17 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co. Ltd. Tent frame
US9976319B2 (en) 2014-03-31 2018-05-22 HKD Global Limited Tent system employing an improved spider hub and associated frame structure and method of compacting the frame for reduced storage size
US9605441B2 (en) 2014-04-02 2017-03-28 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co. Ltd. Tent frame top connecting structure
US10337204B2 (en) 2014-12-26 2019-07-02 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Tent top folding and unfolding structure
US9784009B2 (en) 2015-03-24 2017-10-10 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Integrated tent having multiple tent units
US10041271B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2018-08-07 Xiamen Innovation Metal Products Co., Ltd. Foldable tent
US10012007B2 (en) 2016-04-07 2018-07-03 Xiamen Innovation Metal Products Co., Ltd. Tent frame and tent with slidably coupled top poles
US10119298B2 (en) 2016-11-21 2018-11-06 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Convenient tent
US10329790B2 (en) 2017-04-21 2019-06-25 Campvalley (Xiamen) Co., Ltd. Tent frame and tent with extended top

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