US2730770A - Clearing rolls for textile machines - Google Patents

Clearing rolls for textile machines Download PDF

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US2730770A
US2730770A US27597252A US2730770A US 2730770 A US2730770 A US 2730770A US 27597252 A US27597252 A US 27597252A US 2730770 A US2730770 A US 2730770A
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Prior art keywords
roll
clearing
rolls
machine
bodies
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Robert J Higginbotham
Jr Marion E Herndon
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Higginbotham
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01HSPINNING OR TWISTING
    • D01H5/00Drafting machines or arrangements Threading of roving into drafting machine
    • D01H5/18Drafting machines or arrangements without fallers or like pinned bars
    • D01H5/60Arrangements maintaining drafting elements free of fibre accumulations
    • D01H5/64Rollers or aprons with cleaning surfaces

Description

1956 R. J. HIGGINBOTHAM ETAL 2,739,770

CLEARING ROLLS FOR TEXTILE MACHINES 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 11, 1952 INVENTORS Ecaawr .3. Hmemam'wm & MAmoM E. HERNDQNAW.

272m flmm \L om/m ATTORNEYS 1956 R. J. HIGGINBOTHAM ETAL 2,730,770

CLEARING ROLLS FOR TEXTILE MACHINES Filed March 11, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS Rosam- J. HIGGMBGTHAM MAmoN E. HERMDOMA ATTORNEYS United States Patent CLEARING ROLLS FUR TEXTHJE MACHINES Robert J. Higginbotham and Marion E. Herudon, Jr.,

Charlotte, N. C.; said Herndon assignor to said Higginbotham Application March 11, 1952, Serial No. 275,972 1 Claim. (Cl. 119-140) This invention relates to clearing rolls for textile machines and more particularly to a roll for clearing a drafting, rolling, drawing, spinning, feed or calender roll and maintaining the associated roll in a clean condition.

It is among the objects of the invention to provide an improved clearing roll which includes spaced apart roller bodies all of which are continuously in contact with the associated machine roll regardless of the build up of thread, lint and fibre on one or more of the clearing roll bodies; which contacts the surface of the associated machine roll over an angular extent materially greater than the extent of contact between existing clearing rolls and the associated machine rolls; which includes roll bodies of readily deformable, elastic material; which is easy to clean and readily releases thread and fibre wound thereon; which may have a pile covering flock coated directly onto the surface of the roll bodies of elastic material; which can be mounted in an existing machine in replacement of the existing clearing rolls with no material modification of the machine construction and may be used as both top and bottom clearing rolls in such a machine; which can be adjusted as to weight for different operating conditions; and which is simple and durable in construction, economical to manufacture, easy to install, and effective and efficient in operation.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent from a consideration of the following description and the appended claim in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:

Figure 1 is a somewhat diagrammatic cross sectional view through a drawing machine showing the application of clearing rolls illustrative of the invention to the machine;

Figure 2 is a perspective view of a clearing roll illustrative of the present invention;

Figure 3 is a transverse cross sectional view on the line 3-3 of Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure l diagrammatically illustrating the manner in which the clearing rolls cooperate with the associated machine rolls to maintain the latter in a clean condition;

Figure 5 is a diagrammatic perspective view showing the manner in which a winding of thread or fibre can be removed from the clearing roll;

Figure 6 is a partly sectioned perspective view of a somewhat modified form of clearing roll unit;

Figure 7 is a perspective view of a still further modified form of clearing roll; and

Figure 8 is a longitudinal cross sectional view on the line 8-8 of Figure 7.

With continued reference to the drawings, Figure 1 illustrates the application of the improved clearing rolls of the present invention to a drawing machine, but it is to be understood that these clearing rolls may be applied to various other textile machines without in any way exceeding the scope of the invention.

The machine illustrated in Figure 1 has a base plate 10 and a standard 11 mounted at its lower end on the base plate and extending upwardly therefrom. At its upper end the standard is laterally extended, as indicated at 12, and carries a saddle 13 in which the fiber treating rolls are journaled. The fiber treating rolls illustrated include a guide roll 14 over which the fiber sliver of roving passes to the drawing rolls and include a rear 2,730,770 Patented Jan. 17, 1956 drafting roll 15 of longitudinally fluted construction, a pressure roll 16 journaled in the saddle 13 in opposition to the rear drafting roll 15, so that the fiber 17 passes between the rolls 15 and 16, and a front drafting roll 18 which turns at a speed somewhat greater than the speed of the rear drafting roll 15, a front pressure roll 19 journaled in the saddle 13 in opposition to the front drafting roll 18 and disposed in opposition to the latter, so that the fiber or roving 17 passes between the rolls 18 and 19, and apron rolls 20 and 21 disposed between the front and rear pressure rolls rotating at a speed somewhat faster than the speed of the rear drafting roll 15, but less than the speed of the front drafting roll 18. Aprons 22 and 23 of flexible material and of tubularshape extend around the rolls 20 and 21 respectively, and around guide bars 24 and 25 disposed between the apron roll 20 and the pressure roll 19 and the apron roll 21 and the drafting roll 18 respectively. The sliver or roving 17 passes between and is engaged by the aprons 22 and 23 and these aprons assist in elongating the sliver or roving passing through the drawing machine, this type of drawing machine being known to the trade as a long draft machine.

Clearing rolls 26, 27 and 28 are journaled on the standard 11 in position such that the clearing roll 26 is disposed parallel to and in engagement with the front pressure roll 19, the clearing roll 27 is disposed parallel to and in engagement with the rear drafting roll 15 and the lower apron 23. The clearing roll 28 is known as a bottom clearing or scavenging roll and may be of the same construction as the clearing rolls 26 and 27, or may be maintained as the original equipment roll of the machine, as may be desired. This bottom clearing roll 28 is journaled at its ends in a bracket 30 at one end of the bracket, the bracket being pivotally mounted intermediate its length on the standard 11 and provided at its other end with a weight 31 which urges the clearing roll 28 upwardly against the under surface of the front drafting roll 18.

A lever arm 32 is connected at one end to the base 10 and is connected intermediate its length to a link 33 with a saddle supported box 34 in which the front pressure roll 19 is journaled. A weight, not illustrated, is suspended from the other end of the lever 32 by a link 35 to pull the front pressure roll 19 downwardly and exert pressure between this roll and the associated front drafting roll 18.

As drawing or drafting machines are old and well known to the art and, as the clearing rolls of the present invention may be installed on various types of textile machines, the drawing machine shown in Figures 1 and 4 is illustrated by way of example only, and a more detailed illustration and description is considered unnecessary for the purposes of the present invention.

Upwardly opening, U-shaped brackets, one of which is indicated at 35, are mounted on the box 34, one at each end of the latter, and receive the ends of the clearing roll 26, so that this roll is supported immediately above the front pressure roll 19 and bears on the front pressure roll with a pressure proportional to the weight of the clearing roll 26. Spring brackets, one of which is indicated at 36, are mounted one at each end of a rod 37 extending through the standard 11 and are provided at their ends remote from the rod 37 with U-shaped formations, as indicated at 38, which receive the ends of the clearing roll 27. These spring brackets 36 hold the clearing roll 27 in engagement with the rear drafting roll 15 and the bottom apron 23 at the location at which the apron passes around the bottom apron roll 21.

As the clearing rolls 26 and 27 may be of identical construction, the roll 26 has been selected for detailed illustration and description.

This clearing roll includes an elongated shaft 40 preferably formed of a suitable resilient material of high structural strength, such as steel, and a plurality of roll bodies 41 coaxially mounted on the shaft 40 at spaced apart locations therealong. The roll bodies 41 are so spaced apart and of such length that one roll body overlies each thread engaging portion of the associated machine shaft and each body is of cylindrical shape and formed of an elastic material, such as expanded rubber. Each of the cylindrical expanded rubber bodies, as indicated at 41 in Figure 3, is provided with a coaxial bore of a diameter materially smaller than the diameter of the shaft 40, so that when the bodies are placed on the shaft they will firmly adhere to the shaft by compression of the expanded rubber around the corresponding portion of the shaft and will resist rotational and longitudinal movement relative to the shaft.

In the form of the invention shown in Figures 2 and 3, each of the rubber bodies. 41' is provided on its cylindrical surface with a flock covering 42 of special construction. This covering includes a thin coating 43 of adhesive material applied to the cylindrical surface of the expanded rubber body and textile fibres 44 embedded each at one end in the adhesive coating and extending outwardly from the rubber body in contiguous relation ship to each other to provide a pile coating covering the entire cylindrical surface of each roller body. The fibre particles 44 are all of approximately the same length and of a length such as to provide a pile covering having a pile depth in the range between one thirty-second and one-fourth of an inch for best results. These fibres may be of various textile materials, such as rayon, nylon, wool or hair, but preferably have a suflicient resiliency or springiness that they will return to their original position after having been deflected therefrom. They are also all preferably inclined in the same direction relative to the cylindrical surface of the body 41', so that they provide a definite scrubbing action in one direction of rotation relative to the associated roller, and are applied to the adhesive coated body 41 by an electrostatic process known to the art.

Figures 4 and 5 show certain advantageous features of the improved clearing rolls. As illustrated in Figure 4, because of the elasticity or resiliency of the expanded rubber bodies 41 of the roll bodies 41, the clearing rolls contact an area of the associated machine rolls, such as the machine roll 19 associated with the clearing roll 26, of an angular extent materially greater than the extent of contact between the machine rolls and the clearing rolls at present in use on textile machines requiring the use of clearing rolls. As indicated at 45, 46 and 47 in Figure 4, the angular extent of the contact area between the clearing rolls and the associated machine rolls may be as much as 60 degrees, if desired. This gives an effective wiping action between the surface of the clearing roll and the surface of the associated machine roll which enables the pile covering on the clearing roll to remove all of the foreign material from the surface of the machine roll,

the angularity or inclination of the fibres of the pile cov-.

ering assisting in this scrubbing action and the pile covering itself providing a covering which will absorb a large quantity of lint and dust, so that the clearing rolls can operate for an extended period of time without the necessity of being cleaned.

In the operation of the clearing rolls it frequently happens that threads and fibres are wound around the clearing roll bodies, as indicated at 48 in Figure 4. This winding or fouling of the clearing rolls tends to build up and where the clearing rolls are of hard or rigid construction, a foulin on one of the roll bodies will move the remaining roll bodies out of contact with the associated machine roll and discontinue the cleaning action of the clearing roll. With the compressible roll bodies of the present invention, contact between all of the clearing roll bodies and the associated machine roll is maintained regardless of the fouling of one or more of the clearing roll bodies. The compressible nature of the clearing roll bodies also renders such windings or foulings easy to remove from the clearing roll. As is shown in Figure 5, when the compressible clearing roll body is compressed manually, or otherwise, the winding 48 is loosened and can be easily removed from the roll body, even being cut from the roll body, if necessary, without any damage to the clearing roll. The pile nature of the fibre covering of the clearing roll bodies also makes it easy to comb embedded lint and dust from this covering without any damage whatever to the covering or to the surface of the roll body.

In the modified arrangement shown in Figure 6, the roll body 41' of expanded rubber or other suitable elastic and compressible material is the same as that described above, but a different covering is used. In the modified arrangement, the covering 50 is in the form of a separate sleeve or cot of tubular construction having a fabric backing 51 and a pile 52 woven into and extending from one side of the fabric backing, the depth of the pile being preferably within the range described above. The size of the sleeve or cot 50 is slightly less than the circumferential dimension of the body 41' when in a fully expanded condition, so that the body has to be slightly compressed in order to insert it into the cot. pressed body has been inserted into the cot and allowed to expand, the expansion of the body holds the cot in a.

tight condition around the body and against movement either rotationally or longitudinally of the body.

As the top clearing roll 26 bears on the associated pressure or drafting roll 19 only by its own weight, it may be desirable, under certain operating conditions, to increase the weight of the clearing roll. This is done by disposing cylindrical spacer sleeves, as indicated at 55 and 56 in Figures 7 and 8, on the shaft 40 between adjacent roll bodies 41. These spacer sleeves are formed of a heavy material, such as metal, and are given a wall thickness suificient to provide the desired weight at the corresponding locations along the length of the clearing roll.

Bearing sleeves 58 and 59 are mounted one on each end of the shaft 40 adjacent the outer ends of the end roll bodies 41 to firmly support the clearing rolls in the corresponding U brackets while permitting free rotation of the clearing rolls and limited movement of the clearing rolls toward and away from the corresponding machine rolls incident to the compressible nature of the clearing roll bodies.

The invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments are, therefore, to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claim rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claim are, therefore, intended to be embraced therein. a 7

What is claimed is:

A clearing roll for a textile machine comprising an elongated shaft and roll bodies coaxially mounted on said shaft at spaced apart locations along the latter and each including a cylindrically shaped body of compressible and elastic material and a pile covering'on the cylindrical surface of said body, and spacing sleeves of heavy material coaxially mounted on said shaft one between each two adjacent roll bodies to increase the weight of said clearing rolls.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 775,928 Murray Nov. 29, 1904 1,534,071 Morse Apr. 21, 1925 2,078,847 Gray Apr.-27, 1937 2,234,779 Rose Mar. 11, 1 941 1 2,497,696 Smith Feb. 14, 1950 After the corn-

US2730770A 1952-03-11 1952-03-11 Clearing rolls for textile machines Expired - Lifetime US2730770A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2765496A (en) * 1952-04-03 1956-10-09 Sonoco Products Co Clearer roll construction for textile machines and the like
US2787026A (en) * 1953-07-03 1957-04-02 James T White Clearer roll
US3196476A (en) * 1962-11-06 1965-07-27 Pneumafil Corp Roll clearing
US3639957A (en) * 1969-06-06 1972-02-08 Sw Ind Inc Paper manufacturing roll construction and process
US3685436A (en) * 1971-06-01 1972-08-22 Sw Ind Inc Process for squeezing water from paper sheet
US3808657A (en) * 1972-01-26 1974-05-07 Marathon Rollers Inc Hickey roll and method of making same
US3902644A (en) * 1972-03-28 1975-09-02 Karl Bous Apparatus for the treatment of yarn
US4052777A (en) * 1973-10-04 1977-10-11 Alain Meudec Rollers for use in printing and method of making same
US4129411A (en) * 1975-04-24 1978-12-12 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Fluid distributor
EP0503542A1 (en) * 1991-03-14 1992-09-16 Murao And Company Limited Clearer for draft rollers
US6173478B1 (en) * 1998-07-14 2001-01-16 Marzoli S.P.A. Device and method for equalizing the supply to a carder of textile fibres which are in the form of a mat
US6513432B1 (en) * 1998-02-04 2003-02-04 Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Ag Device for cleaning a cylinder in a printing machine
EP1342821A1 (en) * 2002-03-08 2003-09-10 Kohut, Franz-Josef Cleaning roller for spinning machine
US6644463B2 (en) * 2002-02-21 2003-11-11 Asgco Manufacturing, Inc. Cleated conveyor belt and cleaning assembly
US6691617B2 (en) * 2001-03-27 2004-02-17 Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Ag Apparatus for selectively cleaning a printing press cylinder
US20040108187A1 (en) * 2002-12-04 2004-06-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Conveyor belt cleaning system
US20070194523A1 (en) * 2006-02-17 2007-08-23 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Sheet conveying roller, sheet conveying apparatus, and image forming apparatus
EP1705270A3 (en) * 2005-03-21 2007-08-29 Franz-Josef Kohut Detachable sleeve
US20080029954A1 (en) * 2006-08-03 2008-02-07 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Feed roller assembly and image forming apparatus
DE202006015429U1 (en) * 2006-10-09 2008-02-21 Innowatec Dipl.-Ing. Grieger & Englert Gmbh & Co. Kg An apparatus for cleaning a printing cylinder
EP2277702A1 (en) * 2009-07-16 2011-01-26 KULLEN GmbH & Co. KG Rotation brush assembly
US9206533B2 (en) 2013-03-22 2015-12-08 Maschinenfabrik Rieter Ag Clearer roller holder for a textile machine

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US775928A (en) * 1904-03-28 1904-11-29 John A Murray Support for scavenger-rolls of spinning-frames.
US1534071A (en) * 1923-02-27 1925-04-21 Reginald A Morse Roller mechanism for spinning machines
US2078847A (en) * 1936-07-13 1937-04-27 Trumon G Gray Top roller clearer
US2234779A (en) * 1940-04-25 1941-03-11 Eddie F Rose Scavenger roll
US2497696A (en) * 1947-07-10 1950-02-14 Maytag Co Cover for ironer rolls

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US775928A (en) * 1904-03-28 1904-11-29 John A Murray Support for scavenger-rolls of spinning-frames.
US1534071A (en) * 1923-02-27 1925-04-21 Reginald A Morse Roller mechanism for spinning machines
US2078847A (en) * 1936-07-13 1937-04-27 Trumon G Gray Top roller clearer
US2234779A (en) * 1940-04-25 1941-03-11 Eddie F Rose Scavenger roll
US2497696A (en) * 1947-07-10 1950-02-14 Maytag Co Cover for ironer rolls

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2765496A (en) * 1952-04-03 1956-10-09 Sonoco Products Co Clearer roll construction for textile machines and the like
US2787026A (en) * 1953-07-03 1957-04-02 James T White Clearer roll
US3196476A (en) * 1962-11-06 1965-07-27 Pneumafil Corp Roll clearing
US3639957A (en) * 1969-06-06 1972-02-08 Sw Ind Inc Paper manufacturing roll construction and process
US3685436A (en) * 1971-06-01 1972-08-22 Sw Ind Inc Process for squeezing water from paper sheet
US3808657A (en) * 1972-01-26 1974-05-07 Marathon Rollers Inc Hickey roll and method of making same
US3902644A (en) * 1972-03-28 1975-09-02 Karl Bous Apparatus for the treatment of yarn
US4052777A (en) * 1973-10-04 1977-10-11 Alain Meudec Rollers for use in printing and method of making same
US4129411A (en) * 1975-04-24 1978-12-12 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Fluid distributor
EP0503542A1 (en) * 1991-03-14 1992-09-16 Murao And Company Limited Clearer for draft rollers
US5208947A (en) * 1991-03-14 1993-05-11 Murao And Company Limited Clearer for draft rollers
US6513432B1 (en) * 1998-02-04 2003-02-04 Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Ag Device for cleaning a cylinder in a printing machine
US6173478B1 (en) * 1998-07-14 2001-01-16 Marzoli S.P.A. Device and method for equalizing the supply to a carder of textile fibres which are in the form of a mat
US6691617B2 (en) * 2001-03-27 2004-02-17 Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Ag Apparatus for selectively cleaning a printing press cylinder
US6644463B2 (en) * 2002-02-21 2003-11-11 Asgco Manufacturing, Inc. Cleated conveyor belt and cleaning assembly
EP1342821A1 (en) * 2002-03-08 2003-09-10 Kohut, Franz-Josef Cleaning roller for spinning machine
US20050006204A1 (en) * 2002-12-04 2005-01-13 3M Innovative Properties Company Conveyor belt cleaning system
US7055675B2 (en) * 2002-12-04 2006-06-06 3M Innovative Properties Company Conveyor belt cleaning system
US7114610B2 (en) 2002-12-04 2006-10-03 3M Innovative Properties Company Conveyor belt cleaning system
US20040108187A1 (en) * 2002-12-04 2004-06-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Conveyor belt cleaning system
EP1705270A3 (en) * 2005-03-21 2007-08-29 Franz-Josef Kohut Detachable sleeve
US20070194523A1 (en) * 2006-02-17 2007-08-23 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Sheet conveying roller, sheet conveying apparatus, and image forming apparatus
US8052589B2 (en) * 2006-02-17 2011-11-08 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Sheet conveying roller, sheet conveying apparatus, and image forming apparatus
US20080029954A1 (en) * 2006-08-03 2008-02-07 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Feed roller assembly and image forming apparatus
US7887041B2 (en) * 2006-08-03 2011-02-15 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Feed roller assembly and image forming apparatus
US20100064919A1 (en) * 2006-10-09 2010-03-18 Innowatec Dipl-Ing. Grieger & Englert Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for Cleaning a Printing Cylinder
DE202006015429U1 (en) * 2006-10-09 2008-02-21 Innowatec Dipl.-Ing. Grieger & Englert Gmbh & Co. Kg An apparatus for cleaning a printing cylinder
EP2277702A1 (en) * 2009-07-16 2011-01-26 KULLEN GmbH & Co. KG Rotation brush assembly
US9206533B2 (en) 2013-03-22 2015-12-08 Maschinenfabrik Rieter Ag Clearer roller holder for a textile machine

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