US2724100A - Pedestrian signaling device - Google Patents

Pedestrian signaling device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2724100A
US2724100A US41108154A US2724100A US 2724100 A US2724100 A US 2724100A US 41108154 A US41108154 A US 41108154A US 2724100 A US2724100 A US 2724100A
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Prior art keywords
window
pointer
means
prism
walk
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Expired - Lifetime
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Norman R Hastings
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Walk Time Inc
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/09Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions
    • G08G1/096Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions provided with indicators in which a mark progresses showing the time elapsed, e.g. of green phase

Description

N. R. HAsTlNGs 2,?24,100

PEDESTRIAN SIGNALING DEVICE Nov. 15, 1955 Filed Feb. 18. 1954 Illllllll llllllllll'nillllllllll 50 I NVENTOR NORMAN R. HASTINGS United States Patent hce 2,724,100 Patented Nov. 15, 1955 2,724,100 ,l PEDEs'rRIAN SIGNALINGDEVICE Norman R. Hastings, Huron, S. Dak., assignor to Walk Time, Inc., Huron, S. Dak., a corporation of South Dakota l The present invention `relates to a signaling device and more particularly to a signal used at street intersections to give instructions to pedestrians and to indicate the time remaining for crossing the street.

Heretofore conventional red green traliic signals have been provided at busy street intersections for directing vehicular traic with very little concern to the problems of the pedestrian. Although walk signals have been used at some intersections, these walk signals have not indicated the length of time remaining for the pedestrian to cross the street.` As a result, young people who walk rapidly have ignored the signals and inrm persons have .started to cross the street with the Walk signal on, `but the crossing has required so much time for such iniirm persons that the Vehicular traflic starts moving endangering such inrm pedestrians. Consequently, the signals `heretofore used have not been adequate.

An object of the present invention is to overcome the defects of the prior art signaling devices and provide an Aellicient pedestrian signaling device.

` Another object of the invention is to provide a signaljing device with indication of how long the signaling device will remain with the same indicia exposed.

A further object of the invention is to provide a signaling device which will be eicient in the bright sunlight, in the dark, and in any intermediate lighting conditions.

Another object of the invention is to provide signaling means suitable for attachment to existingvehicular signaling systems without requiring complicated connections.

Another object is to provide a signaling system which is arranged for rapid servicing and repair.

Other and further objects will` become apparent as the description proceeds and upon reference `to the accompanying drawing wherein: 4

Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the signaling device;

Fig. 2, a rear view of the removable frame and the mechanism with the rear casing omitted and parts broken away;

Fig. 3, a side elevation of the removable frame with the mechanism supported thereon;

l Fig. 4, an enlarged section taken substantially on line 4 4 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 5, an enlarged detail view taken generally on line 5-,5 of Fig. 2 of the operating mechanism for the walk wait signaling means;

Fig. 6, a perspective view of the movable walk fwait signaling means; and

Fig. 7, a diagrammatic illustration of the wiring connections for the timing motor, the solenoid operating means for the walk wait signal, and for energizing the lamps.

Briefly, the present invention relates to a signaling device including walk and wait indicia which are alternatelylexposed to view and a timing device including a pointer having a swinging movement of a definite duration to indicate the time remaining for the Walk or lwait indicia to be exposed.` Thesignaling device is designed for attachment to existing systems, by a simple wiring connection to the same sources of energy which energize the green and red signals for directing vehicular traffic.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, a main frame includes a base plate and upstanding side plates 11 which are integrally` connected to a plane rectangular window frame 12 in front of which window frame a transparent panel 13 is positioned and such panel 13 is held in position by an outer window frame which includes a plane peripheral portion 14 engaging the front of the panel 13 and a flange peripheral portion 15 which extends rearwardly. The liange portion 15 is spaced from the base plate 10 and the side members 11 of the main frame providing a recess for receiving the open front of a boxlike casing (not shown) to which the main trame and the window frames are secured by suitable attaching screws to permit ready removal of the main frame with the mechanism and the panel thereon from the box-like casing.

The transparent panel is coated with an opaque coating 16 with the coating omitted tov provide an arcuate shaped upper window 17 and a rectangular lower window 18 for the purpose of exposing a timing pointer and a walk wait signal, respectively. The base plate 10 is additionally supported by diagonal braces 19 extending from the ends of the base plate 10 to the side plates 11. Upon the base plate an inverted U-shaped frame having a top 19 and parallel legs 20, 20 is secured to the base plate 10 by bolts passing through lugs 21 at the lower end of the legs. Upon the top 19 a dual Haydon motor 22 is mounted by means of suitable bolts and such motor carries an arm 23 having a wide pointer 24 movable in an arcuate path so as to be visible through the window 17. The "Haydon motor is of a type which causes the arm 23 to move at a detinite rate over its entire path so that a. `denite elapsed time occurs between the movement of the hand from one end of the window 17 to the other end. The Haydon motor 22 is reversible and by energizing the same through other connections, the arm 23 and the pointer 24 will move in the opposite direction. This type of motor can be stalled at the limit of its movement and such stalling will have no harmful elect. Suitable stops may be provided to limit such movement as desired and such stops may be made adjustable.

Positioned rearwardly of the arm 23 and pointer 24 is a translucent plate 25 which is mounted in supports 26, 26 so that the pointer` is freely movable between such translucent plate 25 and panel 13.

A hollow triangular prism having a translucent plate 27 on one surface and a translucent plate 23 on another surface is provided with the word "wait and the word walk imprinted thereon with fluorescent paint of red and green color respectively. The prism is open on one face and has ends 29 and 30, which have inwardly extending iianges 31 secured to the translucent plates 27 and 26 in any suitable manner as by bolts, rivets or the like. Secured to the end plate 29 is a pivot pin 31 and secured to the end plate 30 is another pivot pin 32, said pivot pins 31' and 32, respectively, passing through bearings formed in legs 2t), 20 of the inverted U-shaped frame and pivotally mounting the prlsln signal. Suitably enlarged bearings and spacing means may be provided to maintain the parts in operative relation. A corner bracket having a base plate 33, a front plate 34, and a side plate 35 is fixed to the base` plate 10 of the main frame by suitable bolts with the side plate 35 abutting one leg 2l) of the inverted U-shaped frame, the pivot pin 32 extending through such side plate and carrying a cylinder 36 suitably xed thereon by a set-screw, a key, or the like.

An arm 37 projects outwardly from the cylinder 36 an appreciable distance for engagement with a ixed stop 38 to limit rotation in one direction and another fixed stop 39 to limit rotation in the other direction, said stops being located at positions to limit the movement of the prism whereby the wait or the walk signal, respectively, will be aligned With the window 18.

Fixed to the front plate 34 of the corner bracket is a solenoid 40 having a vertically movable armature 41 connected to one end of a lever 42 pivoted at 43 to the side plate 35, the other end of the lever 42 being connected to a spring 43 which has its opposite end fixed to the periphery of cylinder 36 by a suitable fastening element so that said spring at least partially embraces the cylinder 36 when the wait signal is exposed and when the arm 37 is in engagement with stop 38. A dash pot 44 is fixed to the base plate 33 of the corner bracket and has .its piston rod 45 pivotally connected to a crank pin 46 on the cylinder 36 whereby said dash pot retards rotary move ment of the walk wait signal and prevents excessive strains on the arm 37 and upon the other mechanism. The spring 43 serves to cushion the sudden force exerted by armature 41 when solenoid 40 is actuated.

A lamp supporting bracket includes a base leg 47 secured to the base plate by suitable bolts and an upstanding leg 48 upon which a plurality of elongated incandescent lamps `50, 51, 52, and 53 are mounted in suitable sockets the lamps being positioned rearwardly of the prism signal and rearwardly of the time indicating pointer.

Referring to Fig. 7, when the green vehicular directing traiiic light 58 is energized through a timer, leads 54 and S5 are connected to the source of energy of the green light or leads 54 and y5S may be energized by a relay actuated when the green light is energized. The energization of such leads 54 and 55 results in actuation of the solenoid 40 and illumination of the lamps 50 and 52. The green light is represented by the lamp 58 and the red light'by the lamp 59. The energization of solenoid 40 causes the armature 41 and the lever '42 to move to the dotted line position shown in Fig. 5 causing the wait walk prism signal to move to the dotted line position shown in Fig. 4 thereby exposing the word walk through the window 18, the lamp 50 providing a source of light to pass through the plate 28 making the Walk signal clearly visible. At the same time, the Hayden motor 22 is energized to cause the pointer 24 to move in one direction as, for example, to the right or clockwise as viewed in Fig. l, the lamp 52 serving to provide light Vthrough the translucent panel with the pointer 24 blocking such light and the silhouette of pointer 24 being visible through illuminated window 17. The pointer 24 may be painted a distinctive color as desired so as to be visible in the event that the illumination source should fail for any reason.

When the red light 59 of the vehicular traiiic signal is energized through the timer the leads 54 and 55 are deenergized and leads '56 and 57 are energized either by a connection to such red light or by means of a relay, and the lamps 51 andl 53 will be illuminated and the motor 22 will be operated inthe reverse or counter-clockwise motion as viewed in Fig. l. The wait signal on the prism will then be exposed through the window 18 since the force of gravity acting on the prism will urge the prism to the wait position and the arm 37 by engagement with stop 38 will prevent excessive motion of the prism signal.

During the night and other times when the red and green signals are not operating and the red and yellow signals ash on and off continuously, the wait signal will remain exposed and the solenoid 40 will not be energized and theforce of gravity will continue to maintain the wait `signal in position. The dashing signals will produce the flashing effect on lamps 51 and 53 in a similar marmer and the Haydon motor 22 will be maintained in its end position, but the energization. of the motor will have no effect since the hand will be maintained at its extreme position. The Haydon motor is not adversely affected by being energized when in its stalled position and therefore the flashing signals have no objectionable etect.

From the above description it will be apparent that the present invention provides a signaling device of general utility which gives instructions for a deiinite period with means to indicate the duration of such definite period so that the observer of the signal may determine his plan of action to the best advantage. Although a specific manner of indicating the time and displaying the signals has been disclosed, applicant intends to cover the invention in the accompanying claims as broadly as possible consistent with the state of the prior art.

lt will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes may be made in the invention without departing from the spirit and scope thereof and therefore the invention is not limited by that which is shown in the drawings nor by that which is described in the specification but only as indicated in the appended claims wherein:

What is claimed is:

l. A walk-wait signaling device comprising a main frame having'a base plate, an inverted U-shaped frame mounted on said base plate and extending upwardly therefrom, a hollow triangular prism open on one face, large diameter pivot means on one end of the prism and pivot means on the other end of said prism providing a longitudinal axis, said pivotsbeing mounted on the legs of the U-shaped frame, a corner bracket mounted on said base plate and abutting one leg of said inverted U-shaped trame, the axis of said prism extending through said corner bracket, an arm projecting from said large diameter pivot, stops mounted on said comer bracket for engagement with said arm to limit movement thereof so that in one position one vsurface of said prism will be vertical and in the other position the other surface of said prism will be vertical, a dashpot mounted on said corner bracket, a crank on said large diameter pivot and con nected to said dashpot whereby the dashpot limits the speed of movement, aspring fixed on said large diameter pivot and at least partially surrounding the same, a leverpivoted Vou saidk corner bracket intermediate its ends and connected at one of its ends to the spring, a solenoid mounted on said bracket, means connecting said solenoid to the other end of said lever, a motor mounted on the bight portion of said U-shaped frame, a pointer on said motor, a front panel mounted on said main frame and having an arcuate shaped window for observation of said pointer and having a rectangular shaped window for observation of the vertical surface of said prism, a lamp bracket mounted on said base plate, a plurality of lamps on said lamp bracket behind said pointer and said prism, a translucent plate between said pointer and said lamps, and said surface of said prism being translucent and V'hav ing indicia thereon, mea-ns to simultaneously energize some of said lamps, said motor and said solenoid causing said motor to move the pointer in one direction and move said prism to its upper position, and means to energize other of said lamps and said motor for causing said pointer to move in the other direction, said prism then returning to its normal position.

2. A signaling device including two opposed instrutions and means to indicate the time in which ythe displayed instruction will be exposed, said instructions being located on two angularly arranged plateswhich are pivoted on an axis parallel to the plate, light sources behind said plates, -and means for moving said angularly arranged plates to expose one plate and the timing means indicating the time of such one plate exposure .and means to expose the other plate, the timing kmeans indicating the time of exposure ,of such other plate.

3. A Signalinadevice including two .opposed .instruct tiens and means movable alternately in opposite direc .tion -to indicateur@ time in` which the kdisplaysd instruction will be exposed, said instructions beingA located on two angularly arranged plates which are pivoted on an axis parallel to the plates, and means for moving said angularly arranged plates to expose one plate when the timing mechanism moves in one directionand to expose l i the other plate when the timing means moves in the traffic instruction signal to be exposed through the second window, and means for moving the pointer in the opposite direction to indicate the time remaining for a second tratic instruction signal to be exposed through the second window, whereby a pedestrain or operator of a vehicle may be apprised of the time remaining for passing through an intersection or for the time of waiting before starting across an intersection.

5. A traic signaling device comprising a housing provided with a pair of windows one of which isarcuate` in shape, a pointer mounted for movement across the arcuate window, plate means carrying opposed signal instructions pivotally mounted in the housing in rear of the other window, means for moving said plate means to expose either signal instruction through the other window, and a motorfor moving said pointer across the arcuate window to indicate the time each signal instruction is exposed through the other window.

6. A trafc signaling device as set forth in claim 5, said motor having means for moving the pointer in one direction to indicate the time interval of exposure of one signal instruction, and in the opposite direction across the arcuate window to indicate the time interval of exposure of the other signal instruction.

7. A traflic signaling device comprising a housing provided with a pair of windows, one of which is arcuate,` a pointer mounted for movement in rear of the arcuate window, two diterent trac instructions mounted for alternate exposure through the other window, and means for moving said pointer in an arcuate path in one direction to indicate the time interval of one traffic instruction and for moving said pointer in an arcuate path in the other direction to indicate the time interval of the other tratlic instruction. v

8. A traic signaling device comprising a housing provided with two windows, means for alternately displaying two different instructions throughone window, arcuately movable means visible through the second window for indicating the time remaining in which each displayed instruction will be exposed; said arcuately movable means includes a pointer movable in opposite directions, one direction of movement of the pointer occurring when one instruction is displayed andthe reverse direction of movement occurring when the other instruction is displayed.

9. A walk-wait signaling device comprising a frame, a front panel mounted on said frame and having an upper arcuate shaped window and a lower rectangular window, a pointer mounted for movement across the arcuate window, a hollow triangular prism mounted for pivotal movement in rear of the rectangular window, one surface of the prism bearing direction indicia to walk and another surface of the prism bearing direction indicia to wait, a solenoid for pivotally moving said prism to expose alternately the walk and wait indicia through the rectangular window, a motor for moving the pointer across the arcuate window, means to support the prism, motor and solenoid from the frame, and means to simultaneously energize said motor and solenoid to either move the pointer in one direction and pivot the prism to expose the indicia walk, or to move the pointer in the other direction and pivot the prism to expose the indicia wait l0. A walk-wait signaling device comprising a frame, a front panel mounted on said frame and having an upper arcuate shaped window and a lower rectangular window, a pointer mounted for movement across the arcuate window, a pair of plates, one bearing the indicia walk and the other bearing the indicia wait, a solenoid for moving said plates to expose alternately the walk and wait indicia through the rectangular window, a motor for moving the pointer across the arcuate window, means to support the plates, motor and solenoid from the frame, and means to simultaneously energize said motor and solenoid to either move the pointer in one direction and move the plates to expose the indicia walk, or to move the pointer in the other direction and move the plates to expose the indicia wait.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,765,508 Swain June 24, 1930 1,749,390 Olafson Mar. 4, 1930 2,244,675 vCampbell June 10, 1941 2,258,764 Hughes Oct. 14, 1941 2,317,538 Lamar Apr. 27, 1943 2,396,971 Rucker Mar. 19, 1946

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2846663A (en) * 1955-08-23 1958-08-05 Pyle National Co Warning light
US3076178A (en) * 1958-09-25 1963-01-29 Norman R Hastings Pedestrian traffic signal
US4293841A (en) * 1978-08-03 1981-10-06 Detector Systems, Inc. Pedestrian traffic control system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1749390A (en) * 1927-11-18 1930-03-04 Nat Traffic Signal Company Traffic signal
US1765508A (en) * 1929-10-10 1930-06-24 Swam Lois Traffic signal
US2244675A (en) * 1937-10-05 1941-06-10 Charles E Rorrer Traffic control signal
US2258764A (en) * 1939-11-16 1941-10-14 Patrick G Hughes Traffic signal
US2317538A (en) * 1941-10-25 1943-04-27 Alexis L Lamar Signal
US2396971A (en) * 1944-04-26 1946-03-19 Rucker Benjamin Parks Traffic signal

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1749390A (en) * 1927-11-18 1930-03-04 Nat Traffic Signal Company Traffic signal
US1765508A (en) * 1929-10-10 1930-06-24 Swam Lois Traffic signal
US2244675A (en) * 1937-10-05 1941-06-10 Charles E Rorrer Traffic control signal
US2258764A (en) * 1939-11-16 1941-10-14 Patrick G Hughes Traffic signal
US2317538A (en) * 1941-10-25 1943-04-27 Alexis L Lamar Signal
US2396971A (en) * 1944-04-26 1946-03-19 Rucker Benjamin Parks Traffic signal

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2846663A (en) * 1955-08-23 1958-08-05 Pyle National Co Warning light
US3076178A (en) * 1958-09-25 1963-01-29 Norman R Hastings Pedestrian traffic signal
US4293841A (en) * 1978-08-03 1981-10-06 Detector Systems, Inc. Pedestrian traffic control system

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