US2721090A - Socket retainer for rotary power tools - Google Patents

Socket retainer for rotary power tools Download PDF

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US2721090A
US2721090A US276790A US27679052A US2721090A US 2721090 A US2721090 A US 2721090A US 276790 A US276790 A US 276790A US 27679052 A US27679052 A US 27679052A US 2721090 A US2721090 A US 2721090A
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Prior art keywords
detent
socket
spindle
spring
bore
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Expired - Lifetime
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US276790A
Inventor
Frank A Kaman
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Thor Power Tool Co
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Thor Power Tool Co
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Publication date
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Priority to US276790A priority Critical patent/US2721090A/en
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Publication of US2721090A publication Critical patent/US2721090A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B7/00Connections of rods or tubes, e.g. of non-circular section, mutually, including resilient connections
    • F16B7/04Clamping or clipping connections
    • F16B7/0406Clamping or clipping connections for rods or tubes being coaxial
    • F16B7/0413Clamping or clipping connections for rods or tubes being coaxial for tubes using the innerside thereof
    • F16B7/042Clamping or clipping connections for rods or tubes being coaxial for tubes using the innerside thereof with a locking element, e.g. pin, ball or pushbutton, engaging in a hole in the wall of at least one tube
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B23/00Details of, or accessories for, spanners, wrenches, screwdrivers
    • B25B23/0007Connections or joints between tool parts
    • B25B23/0035Connection means between socket or screwdriver bit and tool
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16DCOUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES
    • F16D1/00Couplings for rigidly connecting two coaxial shafts or other movable machine elements
    • F16D1/10Quick-acting couplings in which the parts are connected by simply bringing them together axially
    • F16D1/108Quick-acting couplings in which the parts are connected by simply bringing them together axially having retaining means rotating with the coupling and acting by interengaging parts, i.e. positive coupling
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B2200/00Constructional details of connections not covered for in other groups of this subclass
    • F16B2200/10Details of socket shapes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/60Biased catch or latch
    • Y10T403/602Biased catch or latch by separate spring
    • Y10T403/604Radially sliding catch

Description

Oct. 18, 1955 2,721,090

F. A. KAMAN SOCKET RETAINER FOR ROTARY POWER TOOLS Filed March 15, 1952 14 i9 16 26 32 29 1 .17 In a3 Z4 Z7 Z: I 0 Z; 13 51;; i Q 36 m k 17 I/ 1 23 ll INVENTOR.

j gawk @Kamm 1 DM LlZ-JAI; HLLLIM- 1N? Z1 26 @9 United States Patent 6 SOCKET RETAINER FOR ROTARY POWER TOOLS Frank A. Kaman, Aurora, 111., assignor to Thor Power Tool Company, Aurora, 111., a corporation of Belaware Application March 15, 1952, Serial No. 276,790

2 Claims. (Cl. 287119) This invention relates to improvements in portable power operated tools and more particularly to a novel and improved socket retainer for such tools.

A portable power operated tool of the rotary impact type is commonly provided with a rotating impact spindle or anvil which extends beyond the forward end of the tool for mounting a tool member such as a nut or bolt-engaging socket or the like. In order to permit Wide flexibility in the use of the tool, it is desirable that the projecting forward end of the spindle be provided with suitable means for securely holding the socket or other tool member on the spindle but at the same time permitting rapid removal of the same when desired. Thus, sockets or tool members of different types and sizes are readily interchangeable to permit use of the same tool for a variety of purposes.

Heretofore, such releasable socket retention has usually been accomplished by means of a depressible detent adapted to project iaterally or radially from the spindle into an aperture in the wall of the socket member. However, the constructions most frequently used have been subject to serious disadvantages. For example, in some cases a heiical spring has been disposed in a diametric or transverse aperture in the spindle and arranged coaxially with the detent to actuate the latter, but this arrangement has not proved to be entirely satisfactory because of the difficulty of permanently retaining the spring in the spindle aperture and also because assembly of the structure is not sufiiciently simple. In other cases, a resiiient rubber plug has been provided in the spindle for coaction with the detent, but the effect and operation are not as satisfactory as with a spring and in time the rubber tends to lose its resiliency.

Accordingly, a primary object of my invention is to provide a novel and improved means for releasably retaining a socket member or the like on a rotating spindle.

Another object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved socket retaining means for a rotary impact tool.

An additional object of the invention is to provide an improved spring-actuated socket retainer for rotary power tools or the like having a self-retaining spring member which cannot be displaced inadvertently during use of the tool.

A further object of the invention is to provide a novel socket retainer structure for a rotary power tool or the like which is characterized by a durable, simple, and inexpensive construction and which can be readily assembled.

Still another object of the invention is to provide an improved socket retainer of the spring-pressed detent type which is characterized by highly efiective spring action, complete support for the detent at all times, freedom from undesirable cocking or sticking of the detent, and a relatively large extent of travel and projection of the detent.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the subsequent detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, wherein:

Fig. l is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional view of the forward end of a rotary impact tool with a socket member mounted thereon and showing one specific embodiment of the retainer means comprising my invention;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken along line 2-2 of Fig. 1 and showing the retainer means in its difierent operating positions;

Fig. 3 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 2 but with the socket member detached from the spindle;

Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view taken along line 4-4 of Fig. 2; and

Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 3 but showing a modified form of the invention.

Referring now to the drawings, Fig. 1 illustrates the forward end portion of a rotary impact tool of the type having an impact spindle or anvil 11 mounted at the end of a drive shaft 12 and extending forwardly beyond the tool housing, indicated at 13. A bushing 14 is provided around the rotating spindle 11 and is retained in place in the housing 13 by means of a set'screw 16. Rotary movement of the spindle or anvil 11 is elfected by means of a pair of impact rods 17 carried in a rotatable hammer member 18, the rods 17 being engageable at their forward ends with complementary impact-receiving surfaces provided in a radially extending flange portion 19 at the inner end of the spindle 11. The general mode of operation of a rotary impact tool of this character will be understood by those skilled in the art and need not be described here in detail. Reference is made to a copending application, Serial No. 81,966, filed March 17, 1949, by Walter G. Mitchell, now Patent No. 2,585,486, issued February 12, 1952 for a more complete description of a tool of this type.

The spindle 11 has a forward end portion 21 of generally square cross-section which is of reduced size adapted to fit into a detachable socket member or other tool member. In Fig. 1 such a socket member is designated generally at 22 and is provided with an attaching portion 23 at one end which is adapted to receive the square end portion 21 of the spindle 11. The opposite end of the socket member 22 has a hexagonal socket portion 24 for engaging a nut or bolt in the usual manner.

In Figs. 2 to 4, the construction and operation of the connecting and retaining means is illustrated in detail. The square end portion 21 of the spindle is formed with an endwise axial bore 26 having an outwardly tapered or flared inlet 27. The end portion 21 of the spindle is also provided with a pair of oppositely disposed apertures 28 and 29 for receiving a shiftable plunger or detent 31. The inner end portion of the aperture 29 has an enlarged diameter whereby to provide a shoulder 32 in the wall of the spindle which coacts with a similar shoulder 33 on the detent 31 for limiting the extent of outward movement of the latter. The outer end of the detent 31 has a rounded or bullet-shaped contour, as indicated at 34, for the reasons hereinafter described.

A generally U-shaped one-piece spring member 36 is disposed within the axial bore 26 of the spindle with the leg portions, indicated at 37 and 38, of the spring extending toward the inlet 27 of the bore 26 and being received in an endwise axial slot 39 (Fig. 4) provided at the inner end of the detent 31. As will be readily seen from the drawing, the leg 38 of the spring member 36 abuts the inner wall of the spindle bore 26 while the oppositely spring leg 37 engages the detent 31 at the end or base of the slot 39 for normally urging the detent into its extended or outwardly projecting position, as illustrated in Fig. 3. The leg 37 has a slight inwardly offset bend 41 so that the portion of the leg 37' which is in engagement with the end' ofthe detent slot 39 is spaced from the adjacent wall of the spindle bore 26 and the bent portion 41 serves to prevent the sprihg 36 from escaping axiallyfrom thebore26.

In Fig. 2 the device is shown with the socket member 22 in place. on the spindleand it will be seen that the outwardly extendihg, rounded end: 34 of the detent 31 is received within a radial' aperture 42 in the wall of the socket member 22 so that the latter is securely retained against inadvertent axial movement relative to the spindle. It will be understood that by positive movement of the socket'member 22 axially relative to the spindle, the

V detent 31 can be cammed inwardly against the action of ciently to clear the socket aperture 42, the springleg 371 is pressed toward the opposite leg3f8l The rounded end.

34 on the detent 31v facilitates rapid attachment antidetachment of the socket member 22- by reason of the. cam- ;ming actionof thecurv'ed end' surface against the inner en-d'of'the socket member 22 or the edge of the aperture 42' therein. Thus, the movement of the socket member itself relative to the spindle serves to cam the detent 31 into its fully retracted position during attachment and detachment of the socketmember. This formof detent with the rounded nose istheref'ore particularly adapted for situations in which it is necessary or desirable to make.

frequent changes of the' socket member or other tool member.

l'n Fig; there is'illustrated a modified'form of detent, designated at 43,1wherein the reduced outer end of the detent is'cylindrical in shape, as at 44, andhasa square corner edge rather than the rounded nose shown in Figs. 2 to 4. It will be understood that this type of detent does not provide the camming action described above in connection with Figs. 1 to 4; Consequently,

this form of the device requires' complete depression of the detent by the operator by the insertion of a suitabletool or instrument through the aperture 42. in order to'permit attachment and detachment of the socket member. The Fig; 5' modification of the invention is, therefore, best suited to those uses in which it is unnecessary to change the'socket memberfrequently.

Asher'einbefore mentioned; a highly important advantage of the present invention resides in" the fact that thespring member 36 is self-retaining within the axial bore. 26 ofthe'spindle; In'one type of-spring-pressed detent arrangement heretofore employed, a'helical. spring was" disposed c'oaxially with the detentand in the same bore therewith: One end of the spring acted against the drawings; coactswith the'axial-bore'in the spindle iir such a manner as to avoid inadvertent or unintentional displacement of therspring from the spindle. Con sequently; itwill be-seen that the-inventionprovides a durableand rugged construction which is well adapted to remain in proper operating relation during use of the 1 tool.

Theinvention herein described also has numerous other advantagesas comparedwith-the retainingdevic'es heretoforeproposed. For example, it will beseen" from Fig: 2 that in both the extended" and" retracted positions of the detent; there is complete peripheral support at both ends. of" the. detent inasmuch as theqdetent is in bearing contact with the.apertures28}and 2'9at all times. Thus. there eam-bee no undesirable. loosenessor. lateral:

In my invention, the

play during shifting movement of the detent since it is efieetively' guided'and'snpported at both ends thereof;

Another advantage of the present construction resides in the fact that the elongated construction of the spring member permits a substantially longer path of travel of the shiftable detent between its fully extended and fully retracted positions thereby utilizing the spring effect to full advantage. In addition, the relatively greater degree of permissible travel or movement of the detent allowsa greater degree of outward projection of the outer end of the detent so as to insure a completely effective locking engagement of the detent within the socket aperture.

in described resides in the great ease with which the retainer may be assembled. By reason of the slotted construction of the detent, it will be seen that the detent A 31 can first he slipped into place in the aligned apertures 28' and 29 With the slot '39 in axial alignment within the spindle bore'26, and thereafter the springmember 36 is easily insertedthrough the open end of 'the bore 26 and forced inwardly through the slot 39 into seated position adjacent the base of the bore 26. During insertion of the spring member 36, the outwardly tapered inlet 27 to the bore 26 greatly facilitates the introduction of the spring member, it being understood that the leg portions 37" and 38' are compressed toward each other slightly during insertion of the U-shaped' spring member so that the spring is under tension when the retainer is fully assembled.

Although the invention has been described in connection with certain specific structural embodiments thereof, it will be understood that various modifications and equivalent structures may be resorted to without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims;

1. In combination, a rotary spindle having an axial bore extending into the end portion of the spindle and a transverse bore intersecting said' axial. bore whereby to provide a pair of aligned transversely apertured portions on opposite sides'. of saidaxial bore, and means for releasablyretaining a socket member on' said spindle comprising" a shiftable detent extending transversely through said apertured portions,. said. detent having an axially" extending slot at one end thereof, and a generally U shaped spring member disposed'in said axial bore with V the leg'portions of the spring member extending through the'slot'in'said detent, one of said leg portions engaging theinterior of said axial bore at opposite sides of said transverse bore and the other leg portion of said spring member engaging said detent'at the base of'said' slot for normally urging the detent outwardly for projectionth'erea of into' an aperture provided in the socket member, said detent being depressible' against the action'of said spring member for disengaging the detent from the'socket aper ture, and said detent being slidably supported atboth endsthereof by'said' apertured portions in both the projected and-depressed positions of the detent.

2 In combination, a rotary spindle having 'an axial' bole extending intofthe endportion of the'spindle and terminating in an end wall and a transverse bore intersecting saidaxial bore in spaced'relation" from said end wall Whereby to'provide a pair of aligned transversely apertured portions'on oppositesides of said axial bore,

generally U-shaped spring-member disposed in said axial bore with the closed end of thezspring member abutting saidendwall and with theleg portions of-the spring member extendingthrough the slot in saiddetent, one of 7 said legportionsengaging the interior. of saidaxial bore at. oppositev sides. of said transverse bore and. the other Another important advantage of the-construction hereleg portion of said spring member having an inwardly offset bend with the outer end of said other leg portion in engagement with said detent at the base of said slot and said bend engaging the inner corner edge at the base of said slot for retaining the closed end of the spring member in abutment with said end wall whereby the spring member is prevented from inadvertent axial displacement from said axial bore and whereby said detent is normally urged outwardly for projection thereof into an aperture provided in the socket member, said detent being depressible against the action of said spring member for disengaging the detent from the socket aperture and said detent being slidably supported at both ends thereof by said apertured portions in both the projected and depressed positions of the detent.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,259,603 Couord Mar. 19, 1918 1,415,354 Jacobs May 9, 1922 1,801,362 Mueller Apr. 21, 1931 1,863,466 Carlson June 14, 1932 2,474,360 Iimerson June 28, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS 98,850 Switzerland Apr. 16, 1923

US276790A 1952-03-15 1952-03-15 Socket retainer for rotary power tools Expired - Lifetime US2721090A (en)

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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2945411A (en) * 1957-07-02 1960-07-19 Harry H Hartupee Draw bar pin having a spring operated abutment element
US2979354A (en) * 1959-08-07 1961-04-11 Ingersoll Rand Co Socket retainer
US2987334A (en) * 1959-06-22 1961-06-06 Apex Machine & Tool Company Tool holders
US3072938A (en) * 1961-09-07 1963-01-15 Gen Electric Power operated toothbrush
US3097559A (en) * 1958-07-28 1963-07-16 Aerpat Ag Clevis pin with spring urged detents and means to limit spring movement
US3431542A (en) * 1967-06-23 1969-03-04 Imp Camera Corp Flashcube sockets
US3608936A (en) * 1967-12-08 1971-09-28 Atlas Copco Ab Socket-retaining means for splined drive shafts
US3752514A (en) * 1969-09-26 1973-08-14 Atlas Copco Ab Socket retaining means
US3924493A (en) * 1974-10-21 1975-12-09 John Penner Quick release extension shaft for socket wrenches
US4110886A (en) * 1976-12-23 1978-09-05 Wendler Gunter K Tool for removing injectors from diesel engines
US4508005A (en) * 1983-12-19 1985-04-02 Snap-On Tools Corporation Quick release mechanism for ratchet wrench
US4730509A (en) * 1985-04-24 1988-03-15 Hornady Robert S Breakaway control levers
US4794828A (en) * 1983-12-19 1989-01-03 Snap-On Tools Corporation Quick release mechanism for ratchet wrench
US4828297A (en) * 1988-06-27 1989-05-09 General Motors Corporation Fluid coupling
US4848196A (en) * 1984-10-23 1989-07-18 Roberts Peter M Quick release and automatic positive locking mechanism for socket wrenches and extension bars for socket wrenches
US5214986A (en) * 1991-09-27 1993-06-01 Roberts Peter M Quick release mechanism for tools such as socket wrenches
US5233892A (en) * 1992-10-09 1993-08-10 Roberts Peter M Quick release mechanism for tools such as socket wrenches
EP0684398A1 (en) * 1994-05-24 1995-11-29 Regie Nationale Des Usines Renault S.A. Device for preventing axial movement of a pinion, and reverse gear selector containing such a device
US5501125A (en) * 1992-10-09 1996-03-26 Roberts Tool International (Usa), Inc. Quick release mechanism for tools such as socket wrenches
US5503048A (en) * 1994-09-20 1996-04-02 Link Industries, Inc. Quick release mechanism for tools such as socket wrenches
US5644958A (en) * 1992-10-09 1997-07-08 Roberts Tool International (Usa), Inc. Quick release mechanism for tools such as socket wrenches
US5660491A (en) * 1993-09-22 1997-08-26 Roberts Tool International (Usa), Inc. Universal joint for torque transmitting tools
US5992902A (en) * 1996-10-14 1999-11-30 Masco Corporation Of Indiana Device for the connection of a hydraulic apparatus to an external component
US6267418B1 (en) * 1995-04-05 2001-07-31 General Electric Company Coupling
WO2012166609A1 (en) * 2011-05-31 2012-12-06 Robert Bosch Gmbh Accessory retention device for a rotary impact tool
US20140069237A1 (en) * 2012-09-11 2014-03-13 Aurelio A. Vigil Universal Spare Tire Release Tool Kit
WO2014154400A1 (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-10-02 Atlas Copco Industrial Technique Ab Connection part and power tool including such connection part
US20180207774A1 (en) * 2015-07-27 2018-07-26 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Square tool holder and impact wrench

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1259603A (en) * 1917-09-01 1918-03-19 Eugene L Conord Collapsible tool.
US1415354A (en) * 1920-04-05 1922-05-09 Truck Tractor And Mfg Company Lock for movable parts
CH98850A (en) * 1921-12-08 1923-04-16 Stoessel & Cie Chuck.
US1801362A (en) * 1925-10-26 1931-04-21 Mueller Co Soap dish
US1863466A (en) * 1930-10-03 1932-06-14 Boye Needle Co Loop-forming needle
US2474360A (en) * 1945-08-31 1949-06-28 Ingersoll Rand Co Retainer

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1259603A (en) * 1917-09-01 1918-03-19 Eugene L Conord Collapsible tool.
US1415354A (en) * 1920-04-05 1922-05-09 Truck Tractor And Mfg Company Lock for movable parts
CH98850A (en) * 1921-12-08 1923-04-16 Stoessel & Cie Chuck.
US1801362A (en) * 1925-10-26 1931-04-21 Mueller Co Soap dish
US1863466A (en) * 1930-10-03 1932-06-14 Boye Needle Co Loop-forming needle
US2474360A (en) * 1945-08-31 1949-06-28 Ingersoll Rand Co Retainer

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2945411A (en) * 1957-07-02 1960-07-19 Harry H Hartupee Draw bar pin having a spring operated abutment element
US3097559A (en) * 1958-07-28 1963-07-16 Aerpat Ag Clevis pin with spring urged detents and means to limit spring movement
US2987334A (en) * 1959-06-22 1961-06-06 Apex Machine & Tool Company Tool holders
US2979354A (en) * 1959-08-07 1961-04-11 Ingersoll Rand Co Socket retainer
US3072938A (en) * 1961-09-07 1963-01-15 Gen Electric Power operated toothbrush
US3431542A (en) * 1967-06-23 1969-03-04 Imp Camera Corp Flashcube sockets
US3608936A (en) * 1967-12-08 1971-09-28 Atlas Copco Ab Socket-retaining means for splined drive shafts
US3752514A (en) * 1969-09-26 1973-08-14 Atlas Copco Ab Socket retaining means
US3924493A (en) * 1974-10-21 1975-12-09 John Penner Quick release extension shaft for socket wrenches
US4110886A (en) * 1976-12-23 1978-09-05 Wendler Gunter K Tool for removing injectors from diesel engines
US4508005A (en) * 1983-12-19 1985-04-02 Snap-On Tools Corporation Quick release mechanism for ratchet wrench
US4794828A (en) * 1983-12-19 1989-01-03 Snap-On Tools Corporation Quick release mechanism for ratchet wrench
US4848196A (en) * 1984-10-23 1989-07-18 Roberts Peter M Quick release and automatic positive locking mechanism for socket wrenches and extension bars for socket wrenches
US4730509A (en) * 1985-04-24 1988-03-15 Hornady Robert S Breakaway control levers
US4828297A (en) * 1988-06-27 1989-05-09 General Motors Corporation Fluid coupling
US5214986A (en) * 1991-09-27 1993-06-01 Roberts Peter M Quick release mechanism for tools such as socket wrenches
US5501125A (en) * 1992-10-09 1996-03-26 Roberts Tool International (Usa), Inc. Quick release mechanism for tools such as socket wrenches
US5644958A (en) * 1992-10-09 1997-07-08 Roberts Tool International (Usa), Inc. Quick release mechanism for tools such as socket wrenches
US5233892A (en) * 1992-10-09 1993-08-10 Roberts Peter M Quick release mechanism for tools such as socket wrenches
US5660491A (en) * 1993-09-22 1997-08-26 Roberts Tool International (Usa), Inc. Universal joint for torque transmitting tools
FR2720454A1 (en) * 1994-05-24 1995-12-01 Renault Axial immobilization device of a pinion and reverse control comprising such a device.
EP0684398A1 (en) * 1994-05-24 1995-11-29 Regie Nationale Des Usines Renault S.A. Device for preventing axial movement of a pinion, and reverse gear selector containing such a device
US5911800A (en) * 1994-08-02 1999-06-15 Roberts Tool International (Usa), Inc. Quick release mechanism for tools such as socket wrenches
US5503048A (en) * 1994-09-20 1996-04-02 Link Industries, Inc. Quick release mechanism for tools such as socket wrenches
US6267418B1 (en) * 1995-04-05 2001-07-31 General Electric Company Coupling
US5992902A (en) * 1996-10-14 1999-11-30 Masco Corporation Of Indiana Device for the connection of a hydraulic apparatus to an external component
WO2012166609A1 (en) * 2011-05-31 2012-12-06 Robert Bosch Gmbh Accessory retention device for a rotary impact tool
US8667875B2 (en) 2011-05-31 2014-03-11 Robert Bosch Gmbh Accessory retention device for a rotary impact tool
US20140069237A1 (en) * 2012-09-11 2014-03-13 Aurelio A. Vigil Universal Spare Tire Release Tool Kit
WO2014154400A1 (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-10-02 Atlas Copco Industrial Technique Ab Connection part and power tool including such connection part
US20180207774A1 (en) * 2015-07-27 2018-07-26 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Square tool holder and impact wrench
US10759028B2 (en) * 2015-07-27 2020-09-01 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Square tool holder and impact wrench

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