US2720720A - Fishing device - Google Patents

Fishing device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2720720A
US2720720A US304378A US30437852A US2720720A US 2720720 A US2720720 A US 2720720A US 304378 A US304378 A US 304378A US 30437852 A US30437852 A US 30437852A US 2720720 A US2720720 A US 2720720A
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Prior art keywords
line
fishing
sinker
spool
axle
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US304378A
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William F Landrum
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William F Landrum
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K93/00Floats for angling, with or without signalling devices

Description

Oct. 18, 1955 W, F ANDRUM 2,720,720
FISHING DEVICE Filed Aug. 14, 1952 United. States Patent O FISHING DEVICE William F. Landrum, Kansas City, Kans. Application August 14, 1952, Serial No. 304,378
V3 Claims. (Cl. 4343.11)
This invention `relates to new and useful improvements in fishing devices, and has particular reference to a float device adapted vto permit casting and subsequent fishing at any desired depth. Essentially, the device comprises a buoyant device adapted to be attached to a fishing line at a distance from the hook equal to the desired fishing depth, and about which the portion of line between said device and said hook may be wound and secured releasably, in such a manner that the wound portion of the line is released when the device enters the water.
Other objects are simplicity and economy of structure, ease and eiciency of operation, and adaptability of the portion of the line between the float device and the hook to be reeled in in the usual manner when a fish is caught.
' With these objects in View, as well as other objects which will appear in the course of the specification, reference Will be had to the drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a general elevational view of the fishing and casting device as used during the fishing operation.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged elevational view of the fishing device and associated parts shown in position for casting.
Fig. 3 is a sectional View of the device as shown in Fig. 2, with the associated parts shown in relation thereto for casting.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line IV-IV of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged detail fragmentary sectional view Vof the lower portion of the float member with the parts shown in latched position for casting in solid lines and in dotted lines for releasing the sinker member for movement to the desired fishing depth.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary elevational view of the lower portion of the float member showing the general relation of the fishing line as it is being wound for latching.
Throughout the several views of the drawing like numerals refer to similar parts and the number 10 designates a fishing device comprising a hollow housing 12 made of a body member 14 of substantially hemispherical shape having an internally threaded flange member 16 and an external depending conical spool member 18. A cover member 20 of hollow hemispherical form has an externally threaded flange 22 which is adapted to be screwed into threaded flange 16 whereby to form a chamber 24 suitable for receiving a float 38. An upwardly extending stem 28 is disposed diametrically of said cover member and is normally in axial alignment with spool 18. A longitudinal hole 30 is formed through stem 28, and is restricted intermediate its ends to present a bearing 32. Conical spool member 18 is also provided with a longitudinal hole 34 and is restricted intermediate its ends to present a bearing 36.
Float 38 comprises a spherical member 40 having a diametrically disposed axle member 42 lixed therein for free sliding movement in bearings 32 and 36. Float 40 is shown made of a suitable light material such as cork. Referring to Fig. 3 it will be noted that the bearings 32 and 36 are relatively narrow and that the major portions of axle 42 ICS are loosely mounted in holes 30 and 34. The body of axle 42 is olset at 44 to anchor it in member 40 so that the axle and float will always move longitudinally in unison.
Body member 14 is provided adjacent its lower portion with water inlet openings 46, and cover member 20 is provided with air vents 48 to facilitate proper movement of the oat member in the Water. Stem 28 is of frusto-conical shape and is adapted to receive a head 50 thereon for limited adjustment therealong. Head 50 is substantially of torus shape and has a metal ring 51 embedded therein for reinforcement and to limit the movement of the fishing line from cutting through said head member when it is operated through its usual movements during the shing operations.
Extending axially into chamber 24 to receive axle 42 therethrough is a depending lug 52 and an upstanding lug 54. Float member 46 when not in the water rests on lug 54 with its body member in spaced relation to the inner wall of housing 12, and when positioned in the water, member 4i), due to its buoyancy, will move upwardly to contact lug 52 to move axle 42, whereby it will function to secure certain parts in proper relation and to release them at the proper time as hereinafter described. Conical spool member 18 is externally grooved at 56 to receive a resilient open ring 58. This ring is olfset at 60 to present an opening 62 between 18 and the ring 58 to permit the free movement of the fishing line 68 therethrough.
This fishing device is used on the usual fishing tackle including a fishing pole 64 having eyelets -66- to receive the fishing line 68, which frictionally carries the oat member 10. The outer end portion of line 68 is provided with a sinker or weight 70 fixed on a stem 72 having an upper eyelet 74 and a lower coil 76 through which the fishing line is threaded. TheV extended end of line 68 is attached to one end of a swivel member 78. The other end of swivel 78 receives the iishhook 80.
Fig. l shows the normal position of the fishing tackle during the fishing operation, and with the fishing line fully extended. The lower portion of conical member 18 is transversely notched at 82 to intersect hole 34 and to present an outwardly and downwardly inclined surface 84. Also the opening34 is enlarged just above said notch to produce a recess 86 whereby proper room is provided to permit free movement of the latching parts. The shing line 68 passes from the lishing rod, first between head 50 and stern 28, whereby it is frictionally gripped and whereby the float housing is secured to said line for sliding movement along said line. The line then passes around the hollow housing 12, through ring 58 on spool 18, and thence to the sinker and fishhook as previously described.
When it is desired to prepare the device for casting, a length of fishing line 68 equal to the depth at which it is desired to fish is placed between housing 12 and sinker 7i). This is accomplished by forcibly pulling the line through head 50. The portion of the line between housing and sinker is then wound on spool 18 until the sinker is closely adjacent the spool. The upper eyelet 74 of the sinker is then inserted into notch 82 of the spool, and the cork 40 is lowered so that the lower end portion of axle 42 of said cork extends through said eyelet, as shown, thereby latching the sinker to the housing. To prevent undesired loosening of the windings of the line on the spool, the last turn of the line may be laid through notch 82, so as to be secured therein by axle 42. Casting may then be performed in the usual manner, with the length of line between the float housing and hook forming no obstacle. When fishing at considerable depths, this length of line would otherwise make casting almost impossible. During the initial throwing movement, before the reel has been released to pay out line, the fact that the oat housing is supported from its upper end will cause cenbuoyant.l eyelet 74 of theV sinlter,
V.tothe desired depth, unreelingthe line from `spool 18. When a Yfish is'hookedrand it is desired to reel it in,r Y the operator reels the line in to take'up theV slack in line trifugal forceto hold the cork lirmly in the lower portion of the housing, V,and will hold Vthe sinker irmly latched to ,y
the housing. After the reel has been released to pay out line and during the time the .oat is following its normal trajectory path to the water, there is of course no centrifu- Vgal forceV acting on the cork. v However, during thistime, theV end of the oat to which the sinker is connected leads, due Yboth, to the weight of thesinker Vand to the drag of the line on the'oat, butthe cork itself is not directly affectedby the linepdrag since itis free of the line, and
' thereforedue to itsi inertia pressesvforwardly, or toward its latching position.' When the oat housing enters the water, thecork will immediately rise to the upper portion of the housing, since it is buoyant and the housing is non- This elevates'the lowerY end ,of axle 47. out of The sinker, thus released, sinks .Y What I claim as new and desire to protect by lLetters VPatent is;
1. A iishing device to be used in connection with a lish- Ving line having a sinker attached thereto adjacent its outer end, said device comprising a non-buoyant body member frictionally engageable on said line intermediatera lishing'pole and said sinker, said body member having a de'- pending spool portion adapted to receive windings of said line thereabout, a buoyant lloat member carried movably in said Vbody member, and an axle ixed in said float mem'- ber and'mounted for limited movement in said body memv ber, said axle being normally adapted to engage and secure rsaid sinker in fixed relation to said body member and when deposited in water to release said sinker whereby said sinker will move downwardly to unwind said line` from said spool.
2. A ishing device comprising, in combination, a nonbuoyant body member having at its lower end a depending hollow spool, said spool having a side notch formed there- Vin adjacent the lower end thereof and communicating with 4 f i Y Y the interior thereof, a buoyant float carried movably by said body member, an axle ixed in said iioat and disposed for longitudinal sliding movementvin said spool, said axle being adapted by the movement of said float to be with- Y drawn above or to extend downwardly through said notch, a fishing line attached frictionally intermediate its ends to said body member at the upper end of said body and extending beyond the point of attachment thereto, said extended portion being adapted to be wound on said spool, a sinker attached to the extended end of said line, and
Y an eye member lixed to said sinker and normally extending Y into said notch and being engaged by said axle to secure said sinker to said body member,.said axle being withv drawn from said eye to release said sinker when said iloat Y is caused to rise'rela'tive to said body Vmember by the depositing of said device in water.
' 3. A fishing device comprising, in combination, a non-l buoyant body member having'at its lower end a depending hollow spool, said spool having a side notch formed therein adjacent the lower end thereof and communicatinglwith the interior thereof, a buoyant. oat carried lmovably by said body member, an vaxleixed in said` oat and disposed for longitudinal sliding movement insaid spool, saidvaxle being adaptedV by. themovement of said oat to bewithdrawn above or to extend downwardly through said notch,
a lishing line attached frictionally intermediate its endsfto said body member at the upper end of said body and extending beyond the point'ofvattachment thereto,.said extendedportion being adapted to be wound on said spool with the last turn thereof laid insaid notch, and a sinker attached to the extreme endof said extended line portion, whereby when a portion of said line isy disposedin said notch downward movement of` said oat relative to said body member causes said axleto extend through said notch to secure said line against unwindingrfrom said spool, said axle being withdrawn from said notch to release said sinker when said float is caused to rise relative to said body mem- .ber by the depositing of said device inwater. f
References Cited inthe le ofthisV patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 755,683 YMiller Mar. 29, 1904V 1,296,370 Darling Mar. 4, .1919 2,562,054 MathieuV July 24, 1951 2,607,154V VMartens Aug. 19, 1952
US304378A 1952-08-14 1952-08-14 Fishing device Expired - Lifetime US2720720A (en)

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2791060A (en) * 1953-07-09 1957-05-07 John A Kender Combined fish hook, float, and sinker assembly
US2799114A (en) * 1955-11-07 1957-07-16 Marion W Turner Bobber with reel and brake therefor
US2807115A (en) * 1955-10-27 1957-09-24 Marion W Turner Bobber with float controlled line
US2887816A (en) * 1956-04-02 1959-05-26 Hudkins Clyde Fishing bobber
US2904923A (en) * 1956-05-08 1959-09-22 Abda J Conyers Fishing float
US2915847A (en) * 1957-12-23 1959-12-08 Charles L Hancock Line holder float
US3063188A (en) * 1961-02-17 1962-11-13 Marion W Turner Bobber with float controlled line
US3106034A (en) * 1962-04-16 1963-10-08 Jonassen Jonas Automatic releasing fishing float
US3144729A (en) * 1962-12-27 1964-08-18 Jonassen Jonas Automatic releasing fishing float
US3149435A (en) * 1963-05-29 1964-09-22 Gerald C Nordeen Fishing gear to position fishhook and line in selected fishing area
US3201892A (en) * 1964-05-25 1965-08-24 Francis E Graham Casting floats
DE1212774B (en) * 1962-02-08 1966-03-17 William Seigle Fishing pose
US4406081A (en) * 1981-07-21 1983-09-27 Garner Donald R Fishing bobber with line release
US4574515A (en) * 1984-03-23 1986-03-11 Garner Donald R Fishing bobber
EP0830812A2 (en) * 1996-06-27 1998-03-25 William James Harmon Improvements in floats and depth finders
US7797877B1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2010-09-21 Gary Bennis Fixed and slip fishing apparatus for bobbers
US20110225869A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2011-09-22 Gary Bennis Stem guides and replaceable cartridges
US20130333269A1 (en) * 2012-06-13 2013-12-19 Arthur I. Preller, JR. Limb Line Fishing Device
US8683736B1 (en) * 2013-05-06 2014-04-01 Robert Perches Casting float with a separation member to retain the casting float in a partially opened condition, which also retains a hook and bait during casting and which fully opens when the casting float hits a body of water
US20140223800A1 (en) * 2011-06-19 2014-08-14 Jon A. Bos Balloon fishing system and method
US20140250761A1 (en) * 2012-06-13 2014-09-11 Arthur I. Preller, JR. Limb Line Fishing Device
US9974293B2 (en) * 2013-03-28 2018-05-22 James Calvin Miller Fishing device
US20190216071A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2019-07-18 Gary Bennis Stem guides and replaceable cartridges
US20190320635A1 (en) * 2018-04-19 2019-10-24 Ralph Stagat Slip Bobber Assembly

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US755683A (en) * 1902-09-02 1904-03-29 Corwin Fremont Miller Adjustable float for fishing.
US1296370A (en) * 1918-03-28 1919-03-04 Willis Forest Darling Fishing-tackle device.
US2562054A (en) * 1948-03-30 1951-07-24 Manuel S Freitas Sinker release for fishing tackle
US2607154A (en) * 1949-10-25 1952-08-19 Vincent G Martens Bobber

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US755683A (en) * 1902-09-02 1904-03-29 Corwin Fremont Miller Adjustable float for fishing.
US1296370A (en) * 1918-03-28 1919-03-04 Willis Forest Darling Fishing-tackle device.
US2562054A (en) * 1948-03-30 1951-07-24 Manuel S Freitas Sinker release for fishing tackle
US2607154A (en) * 1949-10-25 1952-08-19 Vincent G Martens Bobber

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2791060A (en) * 1953-07-09 1957-05-07 John A Kender Combined fish hook, float, and sinker assembly
US2807115A (en) * 1955-10-27 1957-09-24 Marion W Turner Bobber with float controlled line
US2799114A (en) * 1955-11-07 1957-07-16 Marion W Turner Bobber with reel and brake therefor
US2887816A (en) * 1956-04-02 1959-05-26 Hudkins Clyde Fishing bobber
US2904923A (en) * 1956-05-08 1959-09-22 Abda J Conyers Fishing float
US2915847A (en) * 1957-12-23 1959-12-08 Charles L Hancock Line holder float
US3063188A (en) * 1961-02-17 1962-11-13 Marion W Turner Bobber with float controlled line
DE1212774B (en) * 1962-02-08 1966-03-17 William Seigle Fishing pose
US3106034A (en) * 1962-04-16 1963-10-08 Jonassen Jonas Automatic releasing fishing float
US3144729A (en) * 1962-12-27 1964-08-18 Jonassen Jonas Automatic releasing fishing float
US3149435A (en) * 1963-05-29 1964-09-22 Gerald C Nordeen Fishing gear to position fishhook and line in selected fishing area
US3201892A (en) * 1964-05-25 1965-08-24 Francis E Graham Casting floats
US4406081A (en) * 1981-07-21 1983-09-27 Garner Donald R Fishing bobber with line release
US4574515A (en) * 1984-03-23 1986-03-11 Garner Donald R Fishing bobber
EP0830812A2 (en) * 1996-06-27 1998-03-25 William James Harmon Improvements in floats and depth finders
EP0830812A3 (en) * 1996-06-27 1998-09-09 William James Harmon Improvements in floats and depth finders
US8819986B2 (en) * 2007-02-15 2014-09-02 Gary Bennis Stem guides and replaceable cartridges
US20110225869A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2011-09-22 Gary Bennis Stem guides and replaceable cartridges
US20130145676A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2013-06-13 Gary Bennis Slip Bobber Rig
US20190216071A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2019-07-18 Gary Bennis Stem guides and replaceable cartridges
US20140033599A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2014-02-06 Gary Bennis Stem guides and replaceable cartridges
US10058084B2 (en) * 2007-02-15 2018-08-28 Gary Bennis Stem guides and replaceable cartridges
US8756855B2 (en) * 2007-02-15 2014-06-24 Gary Bennis Slip bobber rig
US7797877B1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2010-09-21 Gary Bennis Fixed and slip fishing apparatus for bobbers
US10813348B2 (en) * 2007-02-15 2020-10-27 Gary Bennis Stem guides and replaceable cartridges
US20140223800A1 (en) * 2011-06-19 2014-08-14 Jon A. Bos Balloon fishing system and method
US9883664B2 (en) * 2011-06-19 2018-02-06 Jon A. Bos Balloon fishing system and method
US20140250761A1 (en) * 2012-06-13 2014-09-11 Arthur I. Preller, JR. Limb Line Fishing Device
US10206385B2 (en) * 2012-06-13 2019-02-19 Arthur I. Preller, JR. Limb line fishing device
US20130333269A1 (en) * 2012-06-13 2013-12-19 Arthur I. Preller, JR. Limb Line Fishing Device
US9974293B2 (en) * 2013-03-28 2018-05-22 James Calvin Miller Fishing device
US8683736B1 (en) * 2013-05-06 2014-04-01 Robert Perches Casting float with a separation member to retain the casting float in a partially opened condition, which also retains a hook and bait during casting and which fully opens when the casting float hits a body of water
US20190320635A1 (en) * 2018-04-19 2019-10-24 Ralph Stagat Slip Bobber Assembly

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