US2714649A - Vaporizer - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2714649A
US2714649A US322528A US32252852A US2714649A US 2714649 A US2714649 A US 2714649A US 322528 A US322528 A US 322528A US 32252852 A US32252852 A US 32252852A US 2714649 A US2714649 A US 2714649A
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Prior art keywords
receptacle
vaporizer
vapor
body member
socket
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Expired - Lifetime
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US322528A
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Lyle H Critzer
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Lyle H Critzer
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M1/00Stationary means for catching or killing insects
    • A01M1/20Poisoning, narcotising, or burning insects
    • A01M1/2022Poisoning or narcotising insects by vaporising an insecticide
    • A01M1/2061Poisoning or narcotising insects by vaporising an insecticide using a heat source
    • A01M1/2083Poisoning or narcotising insects by vaporising an insecticide using a heat source using a light bulb as heat source

Description

INVENTOR ATTORNEYS L- H. CRITZER Aug. 2, 1955 VAPORIZER Filed Nov. 25, 1952 VAPORIZER Lyle H. Critzer, Pratt, Kans. Application November 25, 1952, Serial No. 322,528 1 Claim. (Cl. 219-19) inserticide, such, for instance, as Lindane into the atmosphere of poultry houses, and of an improvedtechnique of disinfecting poultry houses through vaporization of such insecticide.

An object of the invention is to provide an inexpensive, yet efiicient and safe, electrically heated vaporizer adapted to operate with ordinary lighting current. Another object is the provision of a vaporizer which readily may be conconstant.

According to the present invention, other inventive objects are realized by A perforated cover is also provided for the receptacle to assist in regulation of the rate of vaporization and to prevent non-intended access to the receptacle.

It has been found that the heat from a 7.5 watt light bulb, applied to crystalline Lindane supported in close proximity to the lamp, is sufiicient to generate, in the a poultry house or room having a volume of 20,000 cubic feet. The chemical Lindane is the gamma isomer of hexachlorocyclohexane of purity better than 99 per cent. Control of the rate of vaporizacover member. Thus, in the event a less than maximum output of insecticidal vapor is desired, a suitable proportion of the perforations can be closed, as by the application thereover of an adhesive strip, whereby to reduce the volume of vapor emanating from the device; or, the normal light bulb can be replaced by a light bulb of lesser heating value.

The device of the invention is also adapted to be In the accompanying drawings which illustrate a practical embodiment of my improved vaporizer:

Fig. 1 is view in side elevation;

Fig. 2 is an end view as seen from the right in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a top plan view;

Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 1 but with the vaporizer chamber shown in vertical longitudinal central section;

nitecl States Patent 55cc 2,714,649 l atented Aug. 2, 1955 Fig. 5 is a vertical transverse section taken on line 5 5 of Fig. 4, and

Fig. 6 is an end view of the receptacle element.

With reference now to the various views of the drawings or some other socket providing a end of the body member 10 includes a bulb socket 12 of the screw type A switch is preferably built into the body 1'0 energization of bulb 13 and is controlled by an actuating knob 14 which extends outwardly of the body. The switch (not shown) is of conventional construction and, as is well known, controls the electric circuit between the prongs 11 and bulb 13.

venience in positioning around bulb 13, the left end of the receptacle as viewed in Figs. 1

and 4 1ncludes a yoke Although various kinds of material may be placed in receptacle 15 to be vaporized the illustrated embodiment is particularly well suited solid crystalline insecticide heated passes first through the liquid phase and thence into the vapor phase.

In use, the vaporizer is other socket, a teaspoonful of the Lindane 24 is poured filamentary type produces a considerable amount of heat at approximately 200 P. which serves to convert the crystalline Lindane 24 into the vapor state, the vapor passing outwardly through the perforations and into the closed space to be disinfected, e. g. a poultry house. Lindane vapor kills insects in three difierent ways, (1) by contact with the vapor, (2) by breathing the vapor, and (3) by eating anything that has come in contact with the vapor. The rate of vaporization can be controlled either by using a This may be accomplished simply by closing ofi some of the perforations with adhesive tape.

The rate of vaporization is not so high as to require removal or poultry from the enclosure while the Inter is being disinfected. However the material itself is quite toxic and hence the cover 19 also serves to keep the poultry from picking at or eating the granules 24.

Electrical outlets are not always installed alike. Sometimes the slots which receive prongs 11 are found sideby-side on a wall and at other times one above the other. The design of the present construction is such that regardless of the manner in which the slots are arranged, the vaporizer can be so installed that receptacle 15 containing material 24 will always rest bottom down. This desirable feature stems from the fact that receptacle 15 can be rotated about its axis on the body 10 as explained above. If the solid material to be vaporized is one which sublimes, then the attitude of repose of the receptacle is of no consequence. However, if the solid material is one which passes through a liquid phase in the process of being vaporized, which is a customary condition, then it is important always to be able to so support the receptacle 15 that the liquefied material will not spill out and thus become wasted but rather will be collected in a pool at the bottom of the receptacle, from which pool vaporization can take place. The rotatable mounting of receptacle 15 makes the latter possible regardless of the angular disposition of the slots in the Wall socket into which prongs 11 are inserted.

Having now described my invention and illustrated one practical embodiment thereof, I claim:

In a vaporizer device adapted to be plugged into an electrical wall outlet, the combination comprising a body member, a pair of parallel spaced prongs extending outw'ardly at one end of said body member, a socket arranged at the other end of said body member adapted to receive a light bulb, electrical connections between said prongs and socket, said electrical connections including a switch device, an irnperforate cup-like receptacle adapted to receive the vaporizable material, a perforate cover for said receptacle, means securing said receptacle to said body member at the socket end thereof such that the light bulb will be disposed in said receptacle in spaced relation with respect to the latter and with its major axis substantially parallel to the major axis of said receptacle, and securing means comprising a yoke portion on said receptacle having opposed lugs engageable with a transverse peripheral groove in said body member, said cover also including a complemental yoke portion engageable with the groove in said body member, said securing means permitting relative rotation between said receptacle and body member, and means removably connecting said cover to said receptacle.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,988,617 Adams Jan. 22, 1935 2,075,364 Smith Mar. 30, 1937 2,220,583 Schnebly et al. Nov. 5, 1940 2,435,756 Schlesinger Feb. 10, 1948 2,469,656 Lienert May 10, 1949 2,513,919 Costello July 4, 1950 2,595,306 Seaman May 6, 1952 2,611,068 Wellens Sept. 16, 1957.

US322528A 1952-11-25 1952-11-25 Vaporizer Expired - Lifetime US2714649A (en)

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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2898649A (en) * 1956-11-19 1959-08-11 Elaine T Cassidy Perfume diffuser
US2931880A (en) * 1958-10-13 1960-04-05 Cory Corp Electrical deodorizing device
US2942090A (en) * 1958-11-28 1960-06-21 Charles C Diehl Deodorizer with electrical heating element
US3153137A (en) * 1961-10-13 1964-10-13 Union Carbide Corp Evaporation source
US3248530A (en) * 1964-07-02 1966-04-26 Williams Plasti Chemicals Corp Combination night light and refreshant dispenser
US3748438A (en) * 1972-01-14 1973-07-24 Coswell Products Vaporizer device
US3763347A (en) * 1972-04-13 1973-10-02 Ncr Co Vaporous lamp
US4873422A (en) * 1988-05-05 1989-10-10 Arvin Industries, Inc. Wall mounted heater with plug mount and support
US5647052A (en) * 1995-04-28 1997-07-08 Reckitt & Colman Inc. Volatile substance dispenser and method of dispensing a volatile substance with dissipation indication
US5735460A (en) * 1995-09-05 1998-04-07 United Industrial Trading Corp. Air freshener housing cover
US6381408B1 (en) 2001-07-31 2002-04-30 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Electric fumigator
US6503459B1 (en) 1999-06-17 2003-01-07 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heated volatile dispenser
WO2003011021A1 (en) * 2001-07-31 2003-02-13 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Electric fumigation device
US20080066372A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2008-03-20 Tom Fleming Organic insect extermination lamp
US7458374B2 (en) * 2002-05-13 2008-12-02 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method and apparatus for vaporizing a compound
US7537009B2 (en) 2001-06-05 2009-05-26 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method of forming an aerosol for inhalation delivery
US7540286B2 (en) 2004-06-03 2009-06-02 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Multiple dose condensation aerosol devices and methods of forming condensation aerosols
US7581540B2 (en) 2004-08-12 2009-09-01 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Aerosol drug delivery device incorporating percussively activated heat packages
US7585493B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2009-09-08 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Thin-film drug delivery article and method of use
US20090293341A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2009-12-03 Tom Fleming Organic Insect Extermination Lamp
US7645442B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2010-01-12 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Rapid-heating drug delivery article and method of use
US7913688B2 (en) 2002-11-27 2011-03-29 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Inhalation device for producing a drug aerosol
US8235037B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2012-08-07 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Drug condensation aerosols and kits
US8387612B2 (en) 2003-05-21 2013-03-05 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Self-contained heating unit and drug-supply unit employing same
US20140370450A1 (en) * 2013-06-18 2014-12-18 Nitin Sharma Candle Dispenser
USD733334S1 (en) 2011-10-25 2015-06-30 Tsun-Yu Huang LED lamp

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1988617A (en) * 1935-01-22 Volatile deodorant heater
US2075364A (en) * 1935-02-16 1937-03-30 Marks Products Co Inc Convenience light fixture
US2220583A (en) * 1939-04-04 1940-11-05 Lyndon Products Corp Disseminator for volatile materials
US2435756A (en) * 1945-07-07 1948-02-10 Schlesinger Harry Vaporizing and disseminating device
US2469656A (en) * 1946-04-19 1949-05-10 Peter H Lienert Vaporizer
US2513919A (en) * 1950-07-04 Vaporizer
US2595306A (en) * 1947-09-16 1952-05-06 Ellsworth F Seaman Regenerable desiccator
US2611068A (en) * 1946-04-12 1952-09-16 William H Wellens Pivotally mounted plug and vaporizer

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1988617A (en) * 1935-01-22 Volatile deodorant heater
US2513919A (en) * 1950-07-04 Vaporizer
US2075364A (en) * 1935-02-16 1937-03-30 Marks Products Co Inc Convenience light fixture
US2220583A (en) * 1939-04-04 1940-11-05 Lyndon Products Corp Disseminator for volatile materials
US2435756A (en) * 1945-07-07 1948-02-10 Schlesinger Harry Vaporizing and disseminating device
US2611068A (en) * 1946-04-12 1952-09-16 William H Wellens Pivotally mounted plug and vaporizer
US2469656A (en) * 1946-04-19 1949-05-10 Peter H Lienert Vaporizer
US2595306A (en) * 1947-09-16 1952-05-06 Ellsworth F Seaman Regenerable desiccator

Cited By (43)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2898649A (en) * 1956-11-19 1959-08-11 Elaine T Cassidy Perfume diffuser
US2931880A (en) * 1958-10-13 1960-04-05 Cory Corp Electrical deodorizing device
US2942090A (en) * 1958-11-28 1960-06-21 Charles C Diehl Deodorizer with electrical heating element
US3153137A (en) * 1961-10-13 1964-10-13 Union Carbide Corp Evaporation source
US3248530A (en) * 1964-07-02 1966-04-26 Williams Plasti Chemicals Corp Combination night light and refreshant dispenser
US3748438A (en) * 1972-01-14 1973-07-24 Coswell Products Vaporizer device
US3763347A (en) * 1972-04-13 1973-10-02 Ncr Co Vaporous lamp
US4873422A (en) * 1988-05-05 1989-10-10 Arvin Industries, Inc. Wall mounted heater with plug mount and support
US5647052A (en) * 1995-04-28 1997-07-08 Reckitt & Colman Inc. Volatile substance dispenser and method of dispensing a volatile substance with dissipation indication
US5735460A (en) * 1995-09-05 1998-04-07 United Industrial Trading Corp. Air freshener housing cover
US6663838B1 (en) 1999-06-17 2003-12-16 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heated volatile dispenser
US6503459B1 (en) 1999-06-17 2003-01-07 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heated volatile dispenser
US8235037B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2012-08-07 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Drug condensation aerosols and kits
US7645442B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2010-01-12 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Rapid-heating drug delivery article and method of use
US9440034B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2016-09-13 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Drug condensation aerosols and kits
US9211382B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2015-12-15 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Drug condensation aerosols and kits
US7585493B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2009-09-08 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Thin-film drug delivery article and method of use
US7942147B2 (en) 2001-06-05 2011-05-17 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Aerosol forming device for use in inhalation therapy
US7537009B2 (en) 2001-06-05 2009-05-26 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method of forming an aerosol for inhalation delivery
US8074644B2 (en) 2001-06-05 2011-12-13 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method of forming an aerosol for inhalation delivery
US8955512B2 (en) 2001-06-05 2015-02-17 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method of forming an aerosol for inhalation delivery
US9308208B2 (en) 2001-06-05 2016-04-12 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Aerosol generating method and device
US9439907B2 (en) 2001-06-05 2016-09-13 Alexza Pharmaceutical, Inc. Method of forming an aerosol for inhalation delivery
US7766013B2 (en) 2001-06-05 2010-08-03 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Aerosol generating method and device
US9687487B2 (en) 2001-06-05 2017-06-27 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Aerosol forming device for use in inhalation therapy
US6381408B1 (en) 2001-07-31 2002-04-30 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Electric fumigator
WO2003011021A1 (en) * 2001-07-31 2003-02-13 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Electric fumigation device
WO2003011024A1 (en) * 2001-07-31 2003-02-13 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Electric fumigator
US7458374B2 (en) * 2002-05-13 2008-12-02 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method and apparatus for vaporizing a compound
US7987846B2 (en) 2002-05-13 2011-08-02 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method and apparatus for vaporizing a compound
US7913688B2 (en) 2002-11-27 2011-03-29 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Inhalation device for producing a drug aerosol
US8387612B2 (en) 2003-05-21 2013-03-05 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Self-contained heating unit and drug-supply unit employing same
US9370629B2 (en) 2003-05-21 2016-06-21 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Self-contained heating unit and drug-supply unit employing same
US8991387B2 (en) 2003-05-21 2015-03-31 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Self-contained heating unit and drug-supply unit employing same
US8333197B2 (en) 2004-06-03 2012-12-18 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Multiple dose condensation aerosol devices and methods of forming condensation aerosols
US7540286B2 (en) 2004-06-03 2009-06-02 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Multiple dose condensation aerosol devices and methods of forming condensation aerosols
US7581540B2 (en) 2004-08-12 2009-09-01 Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Aerosol drug delivery device incorporating percussively activated heat packages
US8281514B2 (en) * 2006-09-18 2012-10-09 Tom Fleming Organic insect extermination lamp
US20090293341A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2009-12-03 Tom Fleming Organic Insect Extermination Lamp
US20080066372A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2008-03-20 Tom Fleming Organic insect extermination lamp
USD733334S1 (en) 2011-10-25 2015-06-30 Tsun-Yu Huang LED lamp
US20140370450A1 (en) * 2013-06-18 2014-12-18 Nitin Sharma Candle Dispenser
US9541279B2 (en) * 2013-06-18 2017-01-10 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle dispenser

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