US2713256A - Votive candle - Google Patents

Votive candle Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2713256A
US2713256A US432848A US43284854A US2713256A US 2713256 A US2713256 A US 2713256A US 432848 A US432848 A US 432848A US 43284854 A US43284854 A US 43284854A US 2713256 A US2713256 A US 2713256A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
candle
projection
adapter
cup
disk
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US432848A
Inventor
Oesterle Frank Dwight
Baillargeon Laurier
Original Assignee
Oesterle Frank Dwight
Baillargeon Laurier
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Oesterle Frank Dwight, Baillargeon Laurier filed Critical Oesterle Frank Dwight
Priority to US432848A priority Critical patent/US2713256A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2713256A publication Critical patent/US2713256A/en
Priority claimed from US67400557 external-priority patent/USRE24423E/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V37/00Details of lighting devices employing combustion as light source, not otherwise provided for; Night lamps; Votive lamps
    • F21V37/0095Night lamps; Votive lamps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G33/00Religious or ritual equipment in dwelling or for general use
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V37/00Details of lighting devices employing combustion as light source, not otherwise provided for; Night lamps; Votive lamps

Description

July 19, 1955 F. D. OESTERLE ET AL VOTIVE CANDLE Filed May 27, 1954 INVENTORY Frank Dwight OESTL PLE Laurier BA/LLAPGL'ON ATTORNEYS United States Patent VOTIVE CANDLE Frank Dwight Oesterle, West Englewood, N. L, and Laurier Baillargeon, St. Constant, Quebec, Canada Application May 27, 1954, Serial No. 432,848

4 Claims. (Cl. 6721) tion of said metal-details cause the succeeding candles to tilt so that the flame is thrown onto the side of the glass cup which results in glass breakage.

Accordingly, the general object of the present invention is the provision of an improved votive candle so constructed as to eliminate glass breakage and the necessity of constant cleaning of the glass cup.

A more specific object of the present invention is the provision of an adapter insertable into a cup for votive candles and provided with means to support the wick of the candle until the latter has completely burnt out thereby leaving no wax or wick residue in the cup and thus enabling a new candle to be inserted into the cup without having to remove the adapter.

Still another important object of the present invention is the provision of an adapter to the character described comprising a non-burning or non-combustible disk with a centrally projecting tube adapted to engage a recess made in the base of the candle body so as to hold the wick in upright position until the latter has completely burnt out.

Yet another important object of the present invention is the provision of an adapter of the character described having a projecting tube provided with lateral openings for admission of combustion air during the last stage of burning of the candle body.

Yet another important object of the present invention is the provision of a votive candle assembly of the character described in which the several component parts are relatively inexpensive and simple to manufacture.

The foregoing and other important objects of the present invention will become more apparent during the following disclosure and by referring to the drawings in which:

Figure l is a perspective view of one embodiment of the adapter according to the invention;

Figure 2 is a longitudinal section showing part of the h cup and the adapter according to Figure l in position in the bottom of said cup;

Figure 3 is a longitudinal section showing how the candle body is inserted into the cup;

Figure 4 is a longitudinal section showing the candle in proper position in the cup;

Figure 5 is a section of a second embodiment of the adapter according to the invention;

Figure 6 is an exploded perspective view of the adapter shown in Figure 5;

Figure 7 is a section of a third embodiment of the adapter according to the invention; and

Figure 8 is an exploded perspective view of the third embodiment.

Referring now more particularly to the drawings in which like reference characters indicate like elements throughout, the letter A indicates a cup shaped container Iii) "ice

made of glass or transparent plastic and preferably coloured. The cup or container A is outwardly tapered to receive the tapered body of fuel or candle B.

According to the invention, the candle B is provided at its base 1 with an annular recess 2 defining a tapered central body projection 3 which depends from the bottom 4 of the annular recess 2 and which has its outer end 5 disposed at a point that is lying above the base 1 of the candle B.

The candle B is provided with a wick 6 extending centrally through the body and through the projection 3 to terminate at the outer end 5 of said projection 3.

A first embodiment of the adapter, according to the invention, is shown in Figures 1 to 4. This adapter consists in a substantially thick disk 7 made of non-combustible material and having a side 8 which may be tapered or straight depending on whether the side of the candle body B is tapered or straight. Said disk 7 has a central hole for receiving a tight fitting short tube 9. The tube 9 is provide with a plurality of lateral circular openings 10, some of them disposed adjacent the outer end 11' of the tube 9 and others disposed adjacent the top face 12 of the disk 7.

As shown in Figure 2, the top face 12 of the disk 7 is slightly concave and the outer end 11 of the tube 9 is outwardly flared to receive the tapered projection 3, of the candle body B.

into the bottom of the tube 9 may be packed a permanent wicking 13 preferably made of entangled Nichrome wire or a combination of wire and asbestos.

The wick 6 is preferably of a type which burns out completely and leaves no residue.

The adapter 7 remains permanently in the bottom of the cup A. The votive candle B is dropped into the cup A and its projection 3 engages within the tube 9 of the adapter. When the candle B has burnt down to the level of the tube 9, the latter maintains the wick 6 in upstanding position and prevents it from tilting over to cause breakage of the cup A by the flame. During the last stage of burning, combustion air enters the tube 9 through the lateral openings 10. The concave or inclined top face 12 of the disk 7 causes the flow of the melted wax towards the tube and into the wicking 13 where it is burnt. Therefore, burning does not stop until the wax has completely disappeared and the cup is ready to receive a new candle body B because the necessity of cleaning the cup is eliminated.

Figures 5 and 6 show another embodiment of the adapter, according to the invention, which consists in a thin metal disk 14 provided with a central hole 15 for removably receiving a nipple 16 provided with an end flange 17 adapted to abut the edges of the hole 15. The nipple 16 is provided with longitudinally extending slots 18 opening at the outer end 19 of the nipple 16 and extending downwardly to a point adjacent the flange 17. The nipple 16 is surrounded by a coiled wire 20 abutting at one end against the disk 14 and having its outer spiral 21 projecting beyond the outer end 19 of the nipple 16. The outer spiral 21 of the coiled wire 20 serves to guide the tapered projection 3 of the candle body B during insertion of the latter into the cup without scraping the wax of the lateral faces of said projection 3. The longitudinal slots 18 admit combustion air to the wick 6 when the level of the candle B is down to below the outer end of the nipple 16.

Figures 7 and 8 show still another embodiment of the adapter according to the invention. Said embodiment consists in a thin metal disk 22 provided with a central hole 23 adapted to receive the nipple 24 which is provided at one end with a flange 25 for abutting the edge of the hole 23. The nipple 24 is provided with two lateral rectangular openings 26 and 27 for combustion air, which are disposed near the outer end 28 of the nipple 24 and adjacent the disk'ZZ respectively. The adapter embodiments, shown in Figures 5 to ,8, are less expensive to manufacture thanthe adapter embodiment shown in Figures 3' and 4, because it is not necessary to make the holes 15 and 23 and the nipples 16 and 24 with as small toler anc s as those needed for the tube 9' and disk 7, andalso because the disks 14 and 22 need not be as thick as the disk 7.

While preferred embodiments according to the present invention have been illustrated and described it is understood that various modifications may be resorted to with outdeparting from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

.1. In a votive candle in combination, a container, at body of fuel, a wick in said body, the base of said body having an announced recess to define a body projection extending from the bottom of said recess and. containing a part of said Wick, and a plate member adapted to be disposed in the bottom of said container and having an upstanding tubular projection adapted to removably engagesaid bodyrecess and to surround said body projection.

4 V lar projection adapted to engage said body recess and surround said body projection, said tubular projection having lateral openings for admission of combustion air.

3. In a votive candle, in combination, a container, a body of fuel, a wick in said body, the base of said body having a deep annular recess to define a tapered body projection extending from the bottom of said recess to a point short of said base, said body' projection containing a part of said wick, anda plate member adapted to be disposed at the bottom of the container and having an upstanding tubular projection adapted to engage said body recess and surround said tapered body projection, and

havinglateral openings therein for admission of combus tion air. 7

4. In a votive candle, in combination, a container, a body of fuel adapted to be disposed in 'said container, a Wick in said body, the base of said body having a deep annular recess to define abody projection extending from the bottom of said recess downwardly to a point short of the base of said body and containing a part of said wick, a disk having an opening in the center't'hereof, said disk adapted to be disposed in the bottom of the container, and aflanged nipple removably engaging said disk hole and. upstanding Within said body recess to surround said body projection.

Reicher July 8, 191 9 Wooster Oct. 23, 199

l l i

US432848A 1954-05-27 1954-05-27 Votive candle Expired - Lifetime US2713256A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US432848A US2713256A (en) 1954-05-27 1954-05-27 Votive candle

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US432848A US2713256A (en) 1954-05-27 1954-05-27 Votive candle
US67400557 USRE24423E (en) 1954-05-27 1957-07-19 Votive candle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2713256A true US2713256A (en) 1955-07-19

Family

ID=23717834

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US432848A Expired - Lifetime US2713256A (en) 1954-05-27 1954-05-27 Votive candle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2713256A (en)

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3260075A (en) * 1964-03-16 1966-07-12 Susco Corp Flare protective cap
US3583853A (en) * 1969-07-07 1971-06-08 Richard F Schramm Votive candle holder
US3873263A (en) * 1972-10-09 1975-03-25 Paul Marcel Edmond Decroix Device for adjusting the burning time and luminosity of the flame of a wick-type lighting device such as a candle
US3890085A (en) * 1971-12-27 1975-06-17 Frits J Andeweg Illuminated candle structure
US4759699A (en) * 1987-05-01 1988-07-26 Rubarth Wesley B Plastic cup holder for flaming candle
US4917597A (en) * 1987-11-13 1990-04-17 Schongauer Wachswarenfabrik W. Ewald & Sohn Gmbh Wax candle
US5961318A (en) * 1998-01-16 1999-10-05 The Dial Corporation Method and apparatus for reducing fuel flow to a candle wick
US6036477A (en) * 1997-10-03 2000-03-14 Frandsen; Sue C. Indefinitely reusable candle
US20010005573A1 (en) * 1999-12-21 2001-06-28 Furner Paul E. Melting plate candles
US6375455B2 (en) 1997-10-03 2002-04-23 Sue C. Frandsen Indefinitely reusable candle
US20030150965A1 (en) * 2002-02-14 2003-08-14 Etsuji Kitamura Candlestand
US6780382B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2004-08-24 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Simmer plate dispenser for volatile active materials
US20050037306A1 (en) * 2003-08-16 2005-02-17 Tetsuo Nakatsu Candle system for enhancing burning and improving volatiles performance and a manufacturing method for the same
US7070409B1 (en) 2002-11-07 2006-07-04 Trudi Varrieur Replacement candle insert kit and method for using the same
US7229280B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2007-06-12 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder magnetic retention means
US7247017B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2007-07-24 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Melting plate candles
US7287978B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2007-10-30 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle holder with improved air flow
US7318724B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-01-15 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder and wick assembly for candle assembly
US7413435B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-08-19 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel delivery method for melting plate candle
US7442036B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-10-28 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and wick holder with improved capillary well for ensuring sustainable relight
US7467945B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-12-23 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US7467944B2 (en) 2004-02-17 2008-12-23 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly including a fuel element and a wick holder
US7497685B2 (en) 2005-07-20 2009-03-03 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick-holder assembly
US7524187B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2009-04-28 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder locking mechanism
US7591646B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2009-09-22 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7607915B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2009-10-27 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7654822B2 (en) 2005-07-15 2010-02-02 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly including a fuel element with a locating recess and a melting plate with a locating protrusion
EP2189717A1 (en) 2008-11-25 2010-05-26 Kühle, Raphael Candleholder for completely burning a candle
US7731492B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2010-06-08 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel charge for melting plate candle assembly and method of supplying liquefied fuel to a wick
US20100291499A1 (en) * 2009-04-16 2010-11-18 Jacqueline Elaine Carroll Removable wick
US8573967B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2013-11-05 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US20140016329A1 (en) * 2012-07-12 2014-01-16 Eternal Lite LLC Non-combustible candle apparatus for use in indoor and outdoor settings
US20140154636A1 (en) * 2012-03-15 2014-06-05 Robert Thompson Method and apparatus for generating graphic images with fire

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1309545A (en) * 1919-07-08 Night-light
US1320109A (en) * 1919-10-28 Cauble-wick support

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1309545A (en) * 1919-07-08 Night-light
US1320109A (en) * 1919-10-28 Cauble-wick support

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3260075A (en) * 1964-03-16 1966-07-12 Susco Corp Flare protective cap
US3583853A (en) * 1969-07-07 1971-06-08 Richard F Schramm Votive candle holder
US3890085A (en) * 1971-12-27 1975-06-17 Frits J Andeweg Illuminated candle structure
US3873263A (en) * 1972-10-09 1975-03-25 Paul Marcel Edmond Decroix Device for adjusting the burning time and luminosity of the flame of a wick-type lighting device such as a candle
US4759699A (en) * 1987-05-01 1988-07-26 Rubarth Wesley B Plastic cup holder for flaming candle
US4917597A (en) * 1987-11-13 1990-04-17 Schongauer Wachswarenfabrik W. Ewald & Sohn Gmbh Wax candle
US6375455B2 (en) 1997-10-03 2002-04-23 Sue C. Frandsen Indefinitely reusable candle
US6036477A (en) * 1997-10-03 2000-03-14 Frandsen; Sue C. Indefinitely reusable candle
US5961318A (en) * 1998-01-16 1999-10-05 The Dial Corporation Method and apparatus for reducing fuel flow to a candle wick
US20010005573A1 (en) * 1999-12-21 2001-06-28 Furner Paul E. Melting plate candles
US7591646B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2009-09-22 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US6780382B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2004-08-24 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Simmer plate dispenser for volatile active materials
US6802707B2 (en) * 1999-12-21 2004-10-12 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Melting plate candles
US7247017B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2007-07-24 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Melting plate candles
US20030150965A1 (en) * 2002-02-14 2003-08-14 Etsuji Kitamura Candlestand
US7070409B1 (en) 2002-11-07 2006-07-04 Trudi Varrieur Replacement candle insert kit and method for using the same
US20050037306A1 (en) * 2003-08-16 2005-02-17 Tetsuo Nakatsu Candle system for enhancing burning and improving volatiles performance and a manufacturing method for the same
US7467944B2 (en) 2004-02-17 2008-12-23 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly including a fuel element and a wick holder
US7287978B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2007-10-30 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle holder with improved air flow
US7229280B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2007-06-12 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder magnetic retention means
US7413435B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-08-19 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel delivery method for melting plate candle
US7442036B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-10-28 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and wick holder with improved capillary well for ensuring sustainable relight
US7467945B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-12-23 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US7731492B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2010-06-08 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel charge for melting plate candle assembly and method of supplying liquefied fuel to a wick
US7524187B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2009-04-28 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder locking mechanism
US7607915B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2009-10-27 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7318724B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-01-15 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder and wick assembly for candle assembly
US7654822B2 (en) 2005-07-15 2010-02-02 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly including a fuel element with a locating recess and a melting plate with a locating protrusion
US20090111066A1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2009-04-30 Kubicek Chris A Wick-holder assembly
US7497685B2 (en) 2005-07-20 2009-03-03 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick-holder assembly
EP2189717A1 (en) 2008-11-25 2010-05-26 Kühle, Raphael Candleholder for completely burning a candle
US20100291499A1 (en) * 2009-04-16 2010-11-18 Jacqueline Elaine Carroll Removable wick
US8668492B2 (en) * 2009-04-16 2014-03-11 Jacqueline Elaine Carroll Removable wick
US8573967B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2013-11-05 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US20140154636A1 (en) * 2012-03-15 2014-06-05 Robert Thompson Method and apparatus for generating graphic images with fire
US20140016329A1 (en) * 2012-07-12 2014-01-16 Eternal Lite LLC Non-combustible candle apparatus for use in indoor and outdoor settings
US9512986B2 (en) * 2012-07-12 2016-12-06 Eternal Lite Llc. Non-combustible candle apparatus for use in indoor and outdoor settings

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4133318A (en) Water pipe
US2324753A (en) Candle lamp and wick holder therefor
EP0420865B1 (en) Disposable liquid fuel burner
EP0441240A1 (en) Candle or the like and method for its manufacture
ES2261481T3 (en) CANDLE UNDERSTANDING A CONTAINER AND A DATE SUSTAINER.
US1195657A (en) Caetdle-holdeb
US20050083682A1 (en) Candle holder adapter for an electric lighting fixture
US4892711A (en) Fragrance dispensing device
US4496307A (en) Candle including flame adjustment means and automatic flame extinguisher means
CA1217067A (en) Wick holder for a liquid-fuel lamp
US4185953A (en) Candle lamp with carrier wick
US4937701A (en) Safety device for burning candles
DE3343595C2 (en)
US6290914B1 (en) Fragrance ring for oil lamps
US779644A (en) Candlestick.
GB2298035A (en) Mounting a miniature light on a tree branch
US4955807A (en) Spiral coil candle holder for pumpkins and other substrates
DE3405824C2 (en) Lighting device for liquid fuels
US1732707A (en) winsboro
US1344446A (en) Candle-holder
JP2003304967A (en) Votive light frame
US6629836B2 (en) Cap for a jar containing a candle and the jar containing the candle and the cap therefore
US4035138A (en) Apparatus for converting a beverage container into a lamp
US3697739A (en) Fuel burning table lamp
US4076014A (en) Solar cigarette lighter