US2704194A - U-bolt locking device - Google Patents

U-bolt locking device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2704194A
US2704194A US287971A US28797152A US2704194A US 2704194 A US2704194 A US 2704194A US 287971 A US287971 A US 287971A US 28797152 A US28797152 A US 28797152A US 2704194 A US2704194 A US 2704194A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
posts
post
uprights
bolt
pallet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US287971A
Inventor
Diamond Harry
Original Assignee
Diamond Harry
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Diamond Harry filed Critical Diamond Harry
Priority to US287971A priority Critical patent/US2704194A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2704194A publication Critical patent/US2704194A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D19/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D19/02Rigid pallets with side walls, e.g. box pallets
    • B65D19/06Rigid pallets with side walls, e.g. box pallets with bodies formed by uniting or interconnecting two or more components
    • B65D19/08Rigid pallets with side walls, e.g. box pallets with bodies formed by uniting or interconnecting two or more components made wholly or mainly of metal
    • B65D19/12Collapsible pallets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00014Materials for the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00024Metal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00014Materials for the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00029Wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00049Materials for the base surface
    • B65D2519/00059Metal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00223Materials for the corner elements or corner frames
    • B65D2519/00233Metal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00283Overall construction of the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00293Overall construction of the load supporting surface made of more than one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00328Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base
    • B65D2519/00338Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base contact surface having a discrete foot-like shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00671Connections structures connecting corner posts to the pallet
    • B65D2519/00676Structures intended to be disassembled
    • B65D2519/00681Hinges
    • B65D2519/00691Hinges separately formed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00671Connections structures connecting corner posts to the pallet
    • B65D2519/00676Structures intended to be disassembled
    • B65D2519/00696Structures intended to be disassembled corner posts maintained connected to pallet by means of auxiliary locking elements, e.g. spring loaded locking pins
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00736Details
    • B65D2519/00935Details with special means for nesting or stacking
    • B65D2519/00955Details with special means for nesting or stacking stackable
    • B65D2519/0096Details with special means for nesting or stacking stackable when empty
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00736Details
    • B65D2519/00935Details with special means for nesting or stacking
    • B65D2519/00955Details with special means for nesting or stacking stackable
    • B65D2519/00965Details with special means for nesting or stacking stackable when loaded
    • B65D2519/0097Details with special means for nesting or stacking stackable when loaded through corner posts

Description

March 15, 1955 H. DIAMOND U-BOLT LOCKING DEVICE Filed May 15,v 1952 2 Shee'ts-Sheet l H. DIAMOND U-BOLT LOCKING DEVICE March 15, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 15, 1 952 INVENTOR. Harry ,Uta/mona? United States Patent O 2,704,194 U-BOLT LOCKING DEVICE Harry Diamond, Elizabeth, N. J. Application May 15, 1952, Serial No. 287,971 4 Claims. (Cl. 248-120) This invention relates to pallets and more particularly to pallets which may be stacked one upon the other when loaded without damage to the packages of merchandise carried thereby but which may be collapsed and stacked one upon the other in a reduced space for storage or when empty. During the past years the use of pallets adapted to carry a series of packages, crates, bags or other containers has increased considerably and it is common practice to strap merchandise to a pallet and ship the entire pallet. After the merchandise has been delivered there is always the problem of recovering the pallets and of shipping them in the smallest space possible.

In my improved construction I provide a pallet that may be made of wood or metal in which in addition to the load carrying surface there are posts with a bearing surface or foot at the top thereof so that one pallet may be stacked upon the other when loaded. I also provide means whereby these posts may be folded onto the surface of the pallet when the pallet is empty so as to make it possible for a great many more pallets to be stacked in a given amount of space than if the posts could not be collapsed.

In addition I provide means wherein the posts may be positively locked in the upright position to prevent any accidental collapsing. Where the distance a loaded pallet is to travel is short and the way smooth, the posts may be leftin the position whereby they are readily collapsible, but if the distance is great and the pallet may be subjected to rough handling, it is desirable to have a positive lock. Moreover, I provide a clamping unit which may be used on a wooden pallet to position said posts and which will positively grip the end beam of the pallet to prevent loosening of the xture and undue strain on the joints.

With these and other objects in view which will become apparent as the description proceeds, reference is had to the following specication and to the drawings in which:

Fig. l is a top plan view of a pallet embodying my structure.

Fig. 2 is a side view of said pallet.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged elevation partly in section taken on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1. t

Fig. 4 is a detailed view taken on the line 4--4 of Fig. 3.

rFig. 5 is a detailed sectional view taken on the line 5--5 of Fig. 6, showing a portion of the clamping fixture.

Fig. 6 is a detailed side elevation of the posts.

Fig. 7 is a perspective view partly in section of the clamping member and post support.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, the pallet 10 may consist of two side members 11 and 12 and a central member 14. These connect the bottom members 16 and the platform members 17 and are so spaced as to receive the fork of a lift truck so that the pallet may be moved from place to place or loaded on a vehicle from the ground. At each corner of the pallet, mounted on the ends of the side members 11 and 12, is a bracket 20 which consists of two side members 21 and 22 secured to the end members by the bolts 23. The members 21 and 22 are provided with an inwardly extending flange 24 which has a series of serrations or teeth 25 adapted to bite into and engage the surface of the wood, as is partly shown in Fig. 5, and to relieve the strain on the bolts 23.

Welded to the clamping members 21 and 22 is a U-shaped member having a base 26 and a pair of uprights 27 and 28. The uprights 27 and 28 are notched at 29 on the upper end thereof and are provided with a slot 30. On the base 26 is welded a retainer block 31. This retainer block is slightly smaller than the inner dimensions of the post 32 and is adapted to form a base for the post. A slot corresponding to the slot extends through the posts at 35 and a second registered opening extends through the plates at 36 and the post at 37, The

2,704,194 Patented Mar. 15, 1955 ICC U-bolt 40 having one end 41 slightly longer than the other and drilled to receive a cotter-pin 42 and a washer 43 is disposed with its longer end in the slot 30 and extending through the slot 35 in the post.

When it is desired to have the posts in a collapsible condition, the shorter end of the U-bolt is turned to rest in the notches 29 and extend through the corresponding opening in the post. The bottom of the post will rest around the retainer block, and the U-bolt extending through the post will prevent collapsing. However, when the post is lifted so that the shorter end 44 of the U-bolt rides out of the notches 29, the post may be collapsed.

Where it is desired to have the posts positively locked against collapse the Cotter-pin 42 and the washer 43 are temporarily removed and the U-bolt is pulled outwardly until the arm thereof 44 clears the opening in the posts as well as the edge of the upright. The U-bolt is then pivoted in the slot 30 and placed through the opening 36 in the plate end 37 in the post. The Cotter-pin and washer are then replaced and the post is in the positively locked position. It will bernoted that in this position the arm 41 of the U-bolt 40 is in the bottom of the slot 30 while in the collapsible position it is in the top of the slot. In the lower position it is not possible to lift the U-bolt to clear the retainer block 31 so that the post is supported at three points.

I claim:

1. A collapsible stacking element for use on a pallet comprising stacking posts, a U-shaped upright supporting said posts, a notch on the top of said upright, a slot in each of said uprights, a U-bolt having one end extending through said upright and said posts, the other end of said U-bolt engaging the notches at the top of said upright and extending through said posts whereby the posts may be collapsed by lifting one end of said U-bolt out of said notches.

2. A collapsible stacking element for use on a pallet comprising stacking posts, a pair of plate members having inwardly extending teeth, a pair of uprights engaged by said plate members, notches in the top of said uprights, a slot in each of said uprights, a U-bolt having one end extending through said uprights and said posts, the other end of said U-bolt in one position engaging the notches at the top of the uprights and extending through said posts and in another position extending through the openings in said uprights and said posts to positively lock them in the upright position.

3. A collapsible stacking element for use on a pallet including a stacking post, a pair of plate members having inwardly extending teeth, a U-shaped upright engaged by said plate members, a retainer block on the base of the upright engaging a post, a notch on the top of said uprights, a slot in each of said uprights, a U-shaped member having one end extending through said uprights and said post, the other end of said U-shaped member engaging the notches at the top of the uprights and extending through said post in one position whereby the post may be collapsed and in another position extending through an opening in said uprights and said post to positively lock it in the upright position.

4. A stacking assembly for pallets comprising a post, a pair of uprights, notches in the top of said uprights, a slot in each of said uprights, a U- bolt having one end extending through said uprights and said posts, the other end of said U-bolt in one position extending through said posts and in another position extending through openings in said uprights and said posts to pivotally lock them in the upright position. 'f

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,102,413 Jensen Iuly 7, 1914 2,356,085 Pfai Aug. 15, 1944 2,471,693 Lilienfeld May 31, 1949 2,495,711 Fletcher Ian. 31, 1950 2,498,414 Gondar Feb. 2l, 1950 2,523,271 Bartel Sept. 26, 1950 2,654,484 Win et al. Oct. 6, 1953

US287971A 1952-05-15 1952-05-15 U-bolt locking device Expired - Lifetime US2704194A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US287971A US2704194A (en) 1952-05-15 1952-05-15 U-bolt locking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US287971A US2704194A (en) 1952-05-15 1952-05-15 U-bolt locking device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2704194A true US2704194A (en) 1955-03-15

Family

ID=23105176

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US287971A Expired - Lifetime US2704194A (en) 1952-05-15 1952-05-15 U-bolt locking device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2704194A (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2942826A (en) * 1958-03-10 1960-06-28 Arrowhead Products Inc Pallet tiering frames
US2991040A (en) * 1959-10-19 1961-07-04 Reflector Hardware Corp Display stand
US3140673A (en) * 1963-05-14 1964-07-14 Saint Gobain Corp Glass buck
US3195481A (en) * 1961-12-20 1965-07-20 Verguin Pierre-Louis Foldable metallic framework
US3208606A (en) * 1962-01-30 1965-09-28 Epstein Arnold Stacking apparatus
US3499398A (en) * 1968-05-02 1970-03-10 Cerco Corp Portable storage rack or pallet
US3565018A (en) * 1969-04-02 1971-02-23 Jarke Corp Storage rack
US3568608A (en) * 1968-08-12 1971-03-09 Cyril Taylor Apparatus for transport of goods
US3802357A (en) * 1971-07-26 1974-04-09 Sea Land Service Convertible flatbed container
WO2008112976A1 (en) * 2007-03-14 2008-09-18 Platform Products, Llc System and method for capturing wood planks
WO2012087213A1 (en) * 2010-12-23 2012-06-28 Crossborder Technologies Ab Attachment for foldable pallet surround or pallet superstructure.

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1102413A (en) * 1913-11-13 1914-07-07 Nels A Jensen Flagstaff.
US2356085A (en) * 1943-04-26 1944-08-15 Jr Henry C Pfaff Radio antenna mast
US2471693A (en) * 1947-09-10 1949-05-31 Lit Brothers Pallet construction
US2495711A (en) * 1945-05-14 1950-01-31 George E Fletcher Pallet stacking guide
US2498414A (en) * 1945-05-10 1950-02-21 Gondar Rudolph Collapsible loading and storing device
US2523271A (en) * 1944-10-25 1950-09-26 Bartel Arthur Load supporting pallet
US2654484A (en) * 1950-08-10 1953-10-06 Win Bernhard Foldable hanger

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1102413A (en) * 1913-11-13 1914-07-07 Nels A Jensen Flagstaff.
US2356085A (en) * 1943-04-26 1944-08-15 Jr Henry C Pfaff Radio antenna mast
US2523271A (en) * 1944-10-25 1950-09-26 Bartel Arthur Load supporting pallet
US2498414A (en) * 1945-05-10 1950-02-21 Gondar Rudolph Collapsible loading and storing device
US2495711A (en) * 1945-05-14 1950-01-31 George E Fletcher Pallet stacking guide
US2471693A (en) * 1947-09-10 1949-05-31 Lit Brothers Pallet construction
US2654484A (en) * 1950-08-10 1953-10-06 Win Bernhard Foldable hanger

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2942826A (en) * 1958-03-10 1960-06-28 Arrowhead Products Inc Pallet tiering frames
US2991040A (en) * 1959-10-19 1961-07-04 Reflector Hardware Corp Display stand
US3195481A (en) * 1961-12-20 1965-07-20 Verguin Pierre-Louis Foldable metallic framework
US3208606A (en) * 1962-01-30 1965-09-28 Epstein Arnold Stacking apparatus
US3140673A (en) * 1963-05-14 1964-07-14 Saint Gobain Corp Glass buck
US3499398A (en) * 1968-05-02 1970-03-10 Cerco Corp Portable storage rack or pallet
US3568608A (en) * 1968-08-12 1971-03-09 Cyril Taylor Apparatus for transport of goods
US3565018A (en) * 1969-04-02 1971-02-23 Jarke Corp Storage rack
US3802357A (en) * 1971-07-26 1974-04-09 Sea Land Service Convertible flatbed container
WO2008112976A1 (en) * 2007-03-14 2008-09-18 Platform Products, Llc System and method for capturing wood planks
WO2012087213A1 (en) * 2010-12-23 2012-06-28 Crossborder Technologies Ab Attachment for foldable pallet surround or pallet superstructure.

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US20150251805A1 (en) Mobile Platform and System and Method of Using Same
US6820752B2 (en) Foldable transport rack and methods of use thereof
US3735713A (en) Cargo transporting device
US3193093A (en) Shipping rack for sheet materials
US3007708A (en) Storage racks
DK2390198T3 (en) Shuttle Pallet System
US2775360A (en) Material handling container
US2956763A (en) Collapsible pallet
US3797727A (en) Collapsible container and assembly method therefor
US3523694A (en) Dismantleable merchandising rack
US6006675A (en) Pallet for storing items with aligned or offset wheels
US3730417A (en) Combined shipping pallet/container
US3995736A (en) Combination shipping pallet/container
US6935500B1 (en) Bulk bag with support system
US4019634A (en) Collapsible shipping container
US4029244A (en) Collapsible receptacle type stand for use in transporting loaded grocery bags
US3476260A (en) Storage rack for cylindrical containers
JP5553453B2 (en) Transportation of goods
US6112672A (en) Selectively arrangeable pallet
AU719605B2 (en) Stackable pallet
US6279763B1 (en) Collapsible pallet rack
US5253763A (en) Collapsible container
US2698696A (en) Shipping unit and lifting skid therefor
US5507237A (en) Lifting apparatus for use with bulk bags
US3753407A (en) Convertible shipping pallet