US2701562A - Instrument for retracting the walls of an incision - Google Patents

Instrument for retracting the walls of an incision Download PDF

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Publication number
US2701562A
US2701562A US38090853A US2701562A US 2701562 A US2701562 A US 2701562A US 38090853 A US38090853 A US 38090853A US 2701562 A US2701562 A US 2701562A
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Prior art keywords
incision
walls
band
ring
retracting
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Sidney J Michael
Raymond E Mckinley
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Sidney J Michael
Raymond E Mckinley
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors
    • A61B17/0293Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors with ring member to support retractor elements

Description

8, 1 s. J. MICHAEL ET AL 2,701,562

INSTRUMENT FOR RETRACTING THE WALLS OF AN INCISION Filed Sept. 18, 1953 INVENTORS' SIDNEY 4. MICHAEL.

QAYMOND E.M9K\NLEY United States Patent INSTRUMENT FOR RETRACTING THE WALLS OF AN 1N CISION Sidney J. Michael and Raymond E. McKinley, Erie, Pa. Application September 18, 1953, Serial No. 380,908

4 Claims. (Cl. 128-20) This invention relates to surgical apparatus and more particularly to a device for retracting the walls of an incision.

The primary object of the invention is to retain the sides of an incision in suitably opened condition and to enable a surgeon to work upon the deeper tissues.

Another object is to free the user from employing any effort in retaining the incision open and to yieldingly hold the walls of the incision spread.

The above and other objects may be attained by employing this invention which embodies among its features an extensible elastic band, means carried by the band in encircling relation thereto for supporting said band in encircling relation to an incision, and means carried by the band and engaging the walls of the incision for holding said walls retracted and the incision open.

Other features include straps carried by the band supporting means for securing said band supporting means in position on the body in which the incision has been made, and hooks adjustably mounted on the band and having pointed ends upon which the walls of the incision are impaled with the band under tension so that as the band attempts to return to tension released position, the incision will be held open.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a side view of a surgical implement embodying the features of this invention;

Figure 2 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 22 of Figure l; and

Figure 3 is a fragmentary enlarged sectional view taken substantially on the line 3-3 of Figure 1.

Referring to the drawings in detail, an extensible elastic band has secured thereto for movement circumferentially therearound suitable links 12 which, as illustrated in the drawings, are connected to a relatively large supporting ring 14 which cooperates with the links 12 in holding the band 10 extended and under tension.

Carried by the band 10 for circumferential movement thereon are hooks 16 which releasably engage the band, as illustrated in Figure 3, and carry shanks 18 which terminate at their ends remote from the hooks 16 in return bends 20 carrying pointed ends 22 which are adapted to enter the walls of an incision to hold said walls retracted and the incision open.

In order to support the ring 14 on the body 1 n wh ch the incision has been made, and in proper pos1t1on with the band 10 encircling the incision, suitable snap hooks 26 carried by extensible straps 24 are engaged with the ring 14, preferably at diametrically opposite po nts, though the snap hooks may be removed circumferentlally about the ring. Suitable resilient clamps 28 are carried by the straps 24 remote from the snap hooks 26 for clamping to the body in which the incision has been made to thereby hold the ring 14 and band 10 in proper position about the incision.

In use, the operator engages the clamps 28 with the body in which the incision has been made so as to cause the straps 24 and the snap hooks 26 to hold the ring 14 in encircling relation to the incision with the band 10 encircling said incision. By supporting the band 10 on the links 12, which are carried by the ring 14, the band is held in a somewhat extended position and the user after positioning the ring 14 and the band in proper relation to the incision engages the walls of the incision by the pointed ends 22 of the return bends 20 so that the walls of the incision will be retracted and the incision held open due to the resilience of the band 10. It will be understood, of course, that in engaging the hooks defined by the return bends 20 and pointed ends 22 with the walls of the incision, the band will be extended inwardly toward the incision so that its natural resilience will tend to move the Walls of the incision away from said incision to hold it open.

While in the foregoing there has been shown and described the preferred embodiment of this invention, it is to be understood that minor changes in the details of construction, combination and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed.

What is claimed is:

1. An instrument for retracting the walls of an incision comprising an extensible elastic band, a ring encircling the elastic band in spaced relation thereto, links carried by the ring and connected to the band for holding it extended, and means carried by the band for engaging the walls of an incision and holding said walls retracted and the incision open.

2. An instrument for retracting the walls of an incision comprising an extensible elastic band, a ring encircling the elastic band in spaced relation thereto, links carried by the ring for circumferential movement relative thereto, said links being connected to the band for holding it extended, and hooks carried by the band between the links for engaging the walls of an incision and holding said walls retracted and the incision open.

3. An instrument for retracting the walls of an incision comprising an extensible elastic band, a ring encircling the elastic band in spaced relation thereto, links carried by the ring for circumferential movement thereon, said links being connected to the band for holding it extended, hooks mounted on the band for circumferential movement relative thereto, and points on the hooks for piercing the walls of an incision and holding the walls extended and the incision open.

4. An instrument for retracting the walls of an incision comprising an extensible elastic band, a ring connected to the elastic band in encircling relation thereto and holding it extended, means carried by the band for engaging the walls of an incision and holding said walls retracted and the incision open, and means carried by the ring and extending outwardly therefrom for supporting the ring and band in encircling relation to the incision.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,378,050 Morris May 17, 1921 2,313,164 Nelson Mar. 9, 1943 2,493,598 Rozek Jan. 3, 1950

US2701562A 1953-09-18 1953-09-18 Instrument for retracting the walls of an incision Expired - Lifetime US2701562A (en)

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US2701562A US2701562A (en) 1953-09-18 1953-09-18 Instrument for retracting the walls of an incision

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US2701562A true US2701562A (en) 1955-02-08

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Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3970075A (en) * 1974-09-30 1976-07-20 Sindelar Frank J Surgical retractor anchor apparatus
US4037589A (en) * 1975-10-03 1977-07-26 William U. McReynolds Ocular surgical system
US4051844A (en) * 1976-05-07 1977-10-04 Medico Developments, Inc. Telescoping neurosurgical scalp retractor
US4621619A (en) * 1984-03-10 1986-11-11 Plastech Research & Design Limited Retractor having means for attachment to patient's skin
US4932395A (en) * 1988-05-18 1990-06-12 Mehdizadeh Hamid M Hemi-laminectomy retractor attachment device
US5231974A (en) * 1991-05-31 1993-08-03 Giglio Steven R Self retaining retractor
US5582577A (en) * 1995-02-13 1996-12-10 Vance Products Incorporated Surgical retractor including central elastic member
US5947896A (en) * 1996-04-26 1999-09-07 United States Surgical Corporation Heart stabilizer apparatus and method for use
US5951467A (en) * 1999-03-23 1999-09-14 Applied Medical Technology, Inc. Reconfigurable and self-retaining surgical retractor
US5967973A (en) * 1996-04-26 1999-10-19 United States Surgical Surgical retractor and method of surgery
US5976080A (en) * 1996-09-20 1999-11-02 United States Surgical Surgical apparatus and method
US5980569A (en) * 1997-09-19 1999-11-09 United States Surgical Corp. Prosthetic valve holder and method of use
US6102853A (en) * 1998-01-23 2000-08-15 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument
US6190312B1 (en) * 1999-03-04 2001-02-20 Lone Star Medical Products, Inc. Variable geometry retractor and disposable retractor stay clips and method of use
US6200263B1 (en) 1998-01-23 2001-03-13 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument holder
US20030009081A1 (en) * 1999-07-08 2003-01-09 Chase Medical, Lp Device and method for isolating a surface of a beating heart during surgery
US20030216619A1 (en) * 2001-07-13 2003-11-20 Paul Scirica Surgical instrument
US20040186356A1 (en) * 2001-08-08 2004-09-23 O'malley Michael T. Surgical retractor and tissue stabilization device
US20040186353A1 (en) * 2001-08-10 2004-09-23 Palermo Thomas J Vascular retractor and methods of using same
US20050004515A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2005-01-06 Hart Charles C. Steerable kink resistant sheath
US20050043592A1 (en) * 1996-03-04 2005-02-24 Heartport, Inc. Soft tissue retractor and method for providing surgical access
US20050256452A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2005-11-17 Demarchi Thomas Steerable vascular sheath
US20060064054A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2006-03-23 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Longitudinal sheath enforcement
US20070215268A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2007-09-20 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Method of making medical tubing having variable characteristics using thermal winding
US20070260225A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2007-11-08 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Steerable sheath actuator
US20070260125A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2007-11-08 Strauss Kevin R Minimally open retraction device
US20110005661A1 (en) * 2004-01-28 2011-01-13 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Medical Tubing Having Variable Characteristics and Method of Making Same
US20130137934A1 (en) * 2011-11-30 2013-05-30 Abeon Medical Corporation Tissue retractor stay
JP2016083101A (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-05-19 株式会社能作 Retractor aid and retractor system
US9808231B2 (en) 2013-07-09 2017-11-07 Edwards Lifesciences Corporation Tissue retractor

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1378050A (en) * 1919-09-15 1921-05-17 Fields J Morris Bag-holder
US2313164A (en) * 1939-11-13 1943-03-09 Walfred A Nelson Self-retaining surgical retractor
US2493598A (en) * 1948-08-06 1950-01-03 Louis M Rozek Self-retaining abdominal retractor

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1378050A (en) * 1919-09-15 1921-05-17 Fields J Morris Bag-holder
US2313164A (en) * 1939-11-13 1943-03-09 Walfred A Nelson Self-retaining surgical retractor
US2493598A (en) * 1948-08-06 1950-01-03 Louis M Rozek Self-retaining abdominal retractor

Cited By (56)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3970075A (en) * 1974-09-30 1976-07-20 Sindelar Frank J Surgical retractor anchor apparatus
US4037589A (en) * 1975-10-03 1977-07-26 William U. McReynolds Ocular surgical system
US4051844A (en) * 1976-05-07 1977-10-04 Medico Developments, Inc. Telescoping neurosurgical scalp retractor
US4621619A (en) * 1984-03-10 1986-11-11 Plastech Research & Design Limited Retractor having means for attachment to patient's skin
US4932395A (en) * 1988-05-18 1990-06-12 Mehdizadeh Hamid M Hemi-laminectomy retractor attachment device
US5231974A (en) * 1991-05-31 1993-08-03 Giglio Steven R Self retaining retractor
US5582577A (en) * 1995-02-13 1996-12-10 Vance Products Incorporated Surgical retractor including central elastic member
US7758500B2 (en) * 1996-03-04 2010-07-20 Edwards Lifesciences Llc Soft tissue retractor and method for providing surgical access
US20050043592A1 (en) * 1996-03-04 2005-02-24 Heartport, Inc. Soft tissue retractor and method for providing surgical access
US5967973A (en) * 1996-04-26 1999-10-19 United States Surgical Surgical retractor and method of surgery
US5947896A (en) * 1996-04-26 1999-09-07 United States Surgical Corporation Heart stabilizer apparatus and method for use
US6537212B2 (en) 1996-04-26 2003-03-25 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical retractor
US6213940B1 (en) 1996-04-26 2001-04-10 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical retractor including coil spring suture mount
US6709389B2 (en) 1996-09-20 2004-03-23 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical apparatus and method
US5976080A (en) * 1996-09-20 1999-11-02 United States Surgical Surgical apparatus and method
US6306085B1 (en) 1996-09-20 2001-10-23 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical apparatus and method
US5980569A (en) * 1997-09-19 1999-11-09 United States Surgical Corp. Prosthetic valve holder and method of use
US6102853A (en) * 1998-01-23 2000-08-15 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument
US6264605B1 (en) 1998-01-23 2001-07-24 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument
US6200263B1 (en) 1998-01-23 2001-03-13 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument holder
US6565508B2 (en) 1998-01-23 2003-05-20 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument
US7294104B2 (en) 1998-01-23 2007-11-13 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument holder
US7744530B2 (en) 1998-01-23 2010-06-29 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Surgical instrument holder
US20040215064A1 (en) * 1998-01-23 2004-10-28 Person Wayne C. Surgical instrument holder
US6610009B2 (en) 1998-01-23 2003-08-26 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument holder
US6190312B1 (en) * 1999-03-04 2001-02-20 Lone Star Medical Products, Inc. Variable geometry retractor and disposable retractor stay clips and method of use
US5951467A (en) * 1999-03-23 1999-09-14 Applied Medical Technology, Inc. Reconfigurable and self-retaining surgical retractor
US6740029B2 (en) 1999-07-08 2004-05-25 Chase Medical, L.P. Device and method for isolating a surface of a beating heart during surgery
US20030009081A1 (en) * 1999-07-08 2003-01-09 Chase Medical, Lp Device and method for isolating a surface of a beating heart during surgery
US7137949B2 (en) 2001-07-13 2006-11-21 United States Surgical Corporation Surgical instrument
US20030216619A1 (en) * 2001-07-13 2003-11-20 Paul Scirica Surgical instrument
US20040186356A1 (en) * 2001-08-08 2004-09-23 O'malley Michael T. Surgical retractor and tissue stabilization device
US20040186353A1 (en) * 2001-08-10 2004-09-23 Palermo Thomas J Vascular retractor and methods of using same
US20070260225A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2007-11-08 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Steerable sheath actuator
US20070215268A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2007-09-20 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Method of making medical tubing having variable characteristics using thermal winding
US9675378B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2017-06-13 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Steerable kink-resistant sheath
US20110066105A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2011-03-17 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Steerable kink-resistant sheath
US20060064054A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2006-03-23 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Longitudinal sheath enforcement
US8691035B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2014-04-08 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Method of making medical tubing having variable characteristics using thermal winding
US20050256452A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2005-11-17 Demarchi Thomas Steerable vascular sheath
US7850811B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2010-12-14 Hart Charles C Steerable kink-resistant sheath
US8721826B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2014-05-13 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Steerable kink-resistant sheath
US20070277921A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2007-12-06 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Steerable kink-resistant sheath
US20050004515A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2005-01-06 Hart Charles C. Steerable kink resistant sheath
US8529719B2 (en) 2002-11-15 2013-09-10 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Method of making medical tubing having variable characteristics using thermal winding
US8715441B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2014-05-06 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Medical tubing having variable characteristics and method of making same
US20110005661A1 (en) * 2004-01-28 2011-01-13 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Medical Tubing Having Variable Characteristics and Method of Making Same
US9987460B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2018-06-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Medical tubing having variable characteristcs and method of making same
US8696560B2 (en) * 2006-05-02 2014-04-15 K2M, Inc. Minimally open retraction device
US9131934B2 (en) 2006-05-02 2015-09-15 K2M, Inc. Minimally open retraction device
US20070260125A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2007-11-08 Strauss Kevin R Minimally open retraction device
US9681863B2 (en) 2006-05-02 2017-06-20 K2M, Inc. Minimally open retraction device
US20130137934A1 (en) * 2011-11-30 2013-05-30 Abeon Medical Corporation Tissue retractor stay
US9011325B2 (en) * 2011-11-30 2015-04-21 Abeon Medical Corporation Tissue retractor stay
US9808231B2 (en) 2013-07-09 2017-11-07 Edwards Lifesciences Corporation Tissue retractor
JP2016083101A (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-05-19 株式会社能作 Retractor aid and retractor system

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