US2690661A - Scrubbing and polishing device and fabric therefor - Google Patents

Scrubbing and polishing device and fabric therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
US2690661A
US2690661A US26817352A US2690661A US 2690661 A US2690661 A US 2690661A US 26817352 A US26817352 A US 26817352A US 2690661 A US2690661 A US 2690661A
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Prior art keywords
strands
fabric
sponge
cellulose
figure
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Walter S Briggs
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Walter S Briggs
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L13/00Implements for cleaning floors, carpets, furniture, walls, or wall coverings
    • A47L13/10Scrubbing; Scouring; Cleaning; Polishing
    • A47L13/16Cloths; Pads; Sponges
    • A47L13/18Gloves; Glove-like cloths
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31855Of addition polymer from unsaturated monomers
    • Y10T428/31909Next to second addition polymer from unsaturated monomers
    • Y10T428/31928Ester, halide or nitrile of addition polymer

Description

Oct. 5, 1954 w s BRIGGS 2,690,661

7 SCRUBBING AND POLISHING DEVICE AND FABRIC THEREFOR Filed Jan. 25, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet l max mmzzmwmimmm We??? flaw) If)??? w. s. BRIGGS 2,690,661

SCRUBBING AND POLISHING DEVICE AND FABRIC THEREFOR Oct. 5, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 25, 1952 ,1 ,WFMW

Musk 's I Patented Oct. 5, 1954 SCRUBBING AND POLISHING DEVICE AND FABRIC THEREFOR Walter S. Briggs, Needham, Mass.

Application January 25, 1952, SerialNo. 268,173

10 Claims.

This invention relates to devices-for scrubbing and polishing and to a fabric therefor, and has for an object to utilize the highly absorptive properties of cellulose sponge, while at the same-time employing a structure having substantial strength and softness when moistened, capable of hard usage and offering adequate protection to the hand when the device is worn thereon. To these ends the scrubbing or polishing surfaces comprise a thick mass of strands presenting loose ends and carried by a fabric backing, each strand com prising a reinforcing core of relatively strong textilematerial such'as cotton surrounded by a layer of cellulose sponge intimately bonded tothe core, and each strand secured intermediate its ends to the fabric. The strands comprising the cellulose sponge may be omitted about certain margins of the fabric so that these marginsmay be brought together to form a bagor pouch having the scrubbing or polishing surface on one side only. The fabric is preferably of a thick and soft nature so that when the bag is worn on the hand, the back face free from the sponge material is sufficiently thick and soft to protect the hand of the wearer from injury through accidental contact with other objects.

Referring to the drawings,

Figure 1 is a perspective view showing one form of the device and shown as worn on the hand of the user.

Figure 2 is a sectional view of the device of Figure l on line 22 of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a plan view of fabric with its side margins free from the cellulose sponge and in condition to be made up into the article of Figure 1.

Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional View to a larger scale showing the fabric at the sponge side, the showing of the filler strands being omitted for the sake of clarity.

Figure 4a is a cross sectional view to a larger scale showing the cellulosesponge strand.

Figure 5 is a detail sectional view to a larger scale on line.5-.5. of Figure 3.

Figure 6 isa detail sectional view on line 66 of Figure 5.

Figure 7 is a plan view of the back face of the fabric.

Figure 8 is a view of the front face of the fabric before the loops ofcellulose sponge strand are cut.

Figure 9 is a fragmentary back perspective view showing a fabric of modified construction.

Figure 10 is a view similar to Figure 9, but showing the sponge or front face of the fabric of Figure 9.

2 Figure 11 is a detail sectional view on line H-H of Figure 10.

Referring first to Figures 1, 2 and 3, the scrubbing and polishing device as shown comprises a bag of textile fabric having an open end at I forthe'insertion of the hand of the user. This bag may be folded up from a fabric having a portion 2 intermediate to its margins 3, 4 and5 provided with a surfacing of cellulose sponge strand material, the margins 3, t and 5 being free from such surfacing. The cellulose sponge strand material may be formed with a textile core I (see Figure 4a) reinforced and firmly bonded to a cellulose sponge covering 8, as described in my Patent No. 2,409,660, dated October 22, 1946, for

- Mop Yarn and Mop Made Therefrom. The margins 3, 4 and 5 are brought together and suitably secured as by stitching t to form the flat bag portion having its forward face surfaced with the sponge strand material.

A fabric particularly suitable for this purpose is illustrated more in detail in Figures 4 to 8. As shown best in Figure '7, this fabric may comprise rows of relatively soft strands of cotton or the like, the strand of each row being folded alternatively inoppositedirections to form a plurality of folded portions It along opposite margins. These folded portions it] may be interposed between similar folded portions of strands of adjacent rows and these folded portions may be secured together in interlocking relation as by rows of chain stitching at ll. Over that area of the fabric where the cellulose sponge is desired, the cellulose sponge may be secured at one or more points, each being shown herein as secured at two spaced points by portions of the chain stitching'l I.

As shown in Figure 8, the strands of cellulose sponge, each preferably reinforced by a core of textile material, such as cotton, tothe outer face of which the cellulose sponge is firmly bonded, are arranged in nested loop form, as shown, upon one face of the rows of strands l0, so that they are caught by the chain stitching when this is applied. One branch of each loop of the chain of stitching passes around two adjacent branches of the foldedcellulose strand material as shown in Figure 8, so that each branch of the cellulose strand material is secured by two adjacent sets of chain stitching as shown in Figure 8. The'cellulose sponge strands are then cut at their bends as shown by the dotted lines a-w in Figure 8, leaving relatively short strands of the sponge materia1 secured intermediate to their ends to one face of the base fabric and leaving their ends l2 free. When the sponge material is in somewhat moist condition, these free ends present a heavy mass of relatively soft cellulose sponge of high absorbency and which can be used for scrubbing when used with water and a detergent, or when moistened by a relatively small amount of water so as to be soft, it may be used for polishing. When dried out this cellulose sponge material becomes stiff.

The reinforcing textile strand material provides the desired physical strength preventing the cellulose sponge from disintegrating when subjected to rubbing stresses.

Referring to Figures 9 and 10, a different type of fabric is shown which comprises sets of strands 20, 2|, and 22, the strands 2i and 22 being arranged in pairs and extending in one direction, and the strands being single and arranged transversely to the strands 2| and 22. The strands 2| and-22 engage alternately opposite sides of the transverse strands 20, thus interlocking them into a fabric. These strands may be formed of cotton or other suitable textile material. The pair of strands 2| and 22 also engage between them intermediate spaced portions of lengths 23 of strand material, such material comprising cellulose sponge reinforced by a central textile core, as has been previously described in connection with the structure of Figures 1 to 8, inclusive. As in the structure shown in Figures 1 to 8, inclusive, these reinforced cellulose sponge strands are arranged on one face only of the fabric, being secured thereto, as shown, by loop portions 25 and 26 of the strands 2| or 22. These cellulose sponge strands are cut intermediate pairs of points of attachment, their ends being brought out from the face of the supporting fabric material as shown in Figure 10, and form a cellulose sponge covering for one face of the fabric material, the end portions 24 projecting away therefrom. This form of fabric has the advantage over the form shown, for example in Figure 8, in that the cellulose sponge strands may be laid fiat instead of being bent as shown in Figure 8, but when out intermediate to the pairs of fastenin loops 25 and 26, they form the projecting cellulose spong elements which are effective in cleaning and polishing.

From the foregoing description of certain embodiments of this invention it should be evident to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from its spirit or scope.

I claim:

1. A cleaning and polishing material comprising a fabric having strands of cellulose sponge each secured between its ends and to one face only by integral parts of said fabric and projecting from said face.

2. A cleaning and polishin material comprising a fabric having strands of cellulose sponge each reinforced with a central textile cor and secured between its ends and to one face only by integral parts of said fabric and projecting from said face.

3. A cleaning and polishing material comprising a fabric formed of strands secured together by spaced rows of chain stitching, and strands of cellulose sponge secured intermediate to their ends to one face only of said fabric by said chain stitching.

4. A cleaning and polishing material comprising a fabric formed of strands secured together by spaced rows of chain stitching, and strands of cellulose sponge each reinforced with a central textile core and secured intermediate to their ends to one face only of said fabric by said chain stitching.

5. A fabric comprising rows each comprising strands of textile material folded alternately in opposite directions, the folds of the strands of one row being interposed between the folds of the strands of the adjacent rows, chain stitching securing said strands together adjacent to the folds, and strands comprising cellulose sponge secured intermediate to their ends to one face of said fabric by said chain stitching.

6. A fabric comprising rows each comprising strands of textile material folded alternately in opposite directions, the folds of the strands of one row being interposed between the folds of the strands of the adjacent rows, chain stitching securing said strands together adjacent to the folds, and strands comprising cellulose sponge each reinforced with a textile core secured intermediate to their ends to one face of said fabric by said chain stitching.

'7. A cleaning and polishing material comprising a fabric having interlocking strands extending in directions transverse to each other, and strands of cellulos sponge on one face of said fabric and each secured intermediate to its ends by certain of said interlocking strands.

8. A fabric comprising interlockin strands extending in directions transverse to each other, and strands of cellulose sponge on one face only of said fabric and secured intermediate to their ends at a plurality of spaced positions by certain of said interlocking strands.

9. A fabric comprising strands extending in directions transverse to each other, the strands extending in one direction being arranged in pairs with the strands of each pair engaging alternately opposite sides of the transverse strands, and strands of cellulose sponge having portions intermediate to their ends engaged at lengthwise spaced portions between certain of said pairs of strands.

10. A fabric comprising interlocking strands extending in directions transverse to each other, the strands in on direction being arranged in pairs with the strands of each pair engaging alternately opposite sides of the transverse strands, and strands of cellulose sponge each reinforced by a central textile core and on one face only of said fabric and having portions intermediate to their ends engaged at lengthwise spaced portion between certain of said pairs of strands,

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,711,830 Charney May '7, 1929 1,802,337 Decker et a1 Apr. 28, 1931 2,123,805 Richardson et a1. July 12, 1938 2,155,385 Amidon Apr. 25, 1939 2,396,525 Newman Mar. 12, 1946 2,409,660 Briggs Oct. 22, 1946 2,448,928 Stahl Sept. '7, 1948 2,531,? 18 Rice NOV. 28, 1950 2,600,14 Vaughn June 10, 1952

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2727295A (en) * 1955-04-25 1955-12-20 Us Rubber Co Seaming tape
US2875461A (en) * 1954-07-15 1959-03-03 Phillip G Anderson Washing device
US2899813A (en) * 1959-08-18 Knitted pile fabrics
US2968171A (en) * 1958-09-25 1961-01-17 C H Masland And Sons Warp knitting with pile contributing to lay-in weft bind
US2971359A (en) * 1957-07-25 1961-02-14 Firth Carpet Company Inc Method and apparatus for making knitted pile fabrics
US2996744A (en) * 1958-04-21 1961-08-22 Dorothy F Rodgers Combination cleaning swab and septic tank activator
US3196475A (en) * 1963-09-18 1965-07-27 Sally N Brown Dry mops
US4223427A (en) * 1978-10-16 1980-09-23 David Pernick Method of knitting and of processing high pile fabric
US4364144A (en) * 1981-05-18 1982-12-21 Seco Industries, Inc. Duster head and method of making same
US5134746A (en) * 1989-12-11 1992-08-04 Steven William Cleaning material
US5361445A (en) * 1993-02-26 1994-11-08 Sponge Fishing Co., Inc. Scrubber washer apparatus
US5609431A (en) * 1989-12-11 1997-03-11 Innovative Cleaning Concepts, Inc. Cleaning material with material supply
US5938515A (en) * 1997-12-01 1999-08-17 Lake Country Manufacturing, Inc. Foam buffing pad of string-like construction
WO2001033106A1 (en) * 1999-11-01 2001-05-10 Douglas Magyari Infinitely variable transmission
US6312485B1 (en) * 1997-12-01 2001-11-06 Lake Country Manufacturing, Inc. Method of manufacturing a foam buffing pad of string-like members
US20040014414A1 (en) * 1999-12-15 2004-01-22 Yuji Horie Polishing cloth for and method of texturing a surface
US20040016444A1 (en) * 2002-07-25 2004-01-29 Mitchell Larry T. Cleaning cloth having rubber yarn rib elements knitted therein
US20040053570A1 (en) * 2002-09-13 2004-03-18 Markus Naujok Novel finishing pad design for multidirectional use
US20060107482A1 (en) * 2003-08-15 2006-05-25 Krause Aaron C Hybrid fiber-foam buffing pad
US20060160657A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2006-07-20 Douglas Magyari Infinitely variable transmission
US20100186139A1 (en) * 2009-01-26 2010-07-29 Kurtz Nicola Jowett Mitten

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1711830A (en) * 1927-04-15 1929-05-07 Charney Aaron Duster mop and polisher
US1802337A (en) * 1931-04-28 Knitted fabric
US2123805A (en) * 1936-03-19 1938-07-12 Nathan C Richardson Mop
US2396525A (en) * 1944-10-10 1946-03-12 Newman Milton Warp knitted pile rug
US2409660A (en) * 1945-08-11 1946-10-22 Walter S Briggs Mop yarn and mop made therefrom
US2448928A (en) * 1945-09-28 1948-09-07 Libertyville Textiles Inc Rug
US2531718A (en) * 1949-12-22 1950-11-28 Mohawk Carpet Mills Inc Knitted pile fabric
US2600143A (en) * 1947-02-14 1952-06-10 Sidney P Vaughn Cellulose sponge yarn
US9155385B2 (en) * 2011-05-13 2015-10-13 Victor David Williams Display device

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1802337A (en) * 1931-04-28 Knitted fabric
US1711830A (en) * 1927-04-15 1929-05-07 Charney Aaron Duster mop and polisher
US2123805A (en) * 1936-03-19 1938-07-12 Nathan C Richardson Mop
US2396525A (en) * 1944-10-10 1946-03-12 Newman Milton Warp knitted pile rug
US2409660A (en) * 1945-08-11 1946-10-22 Walter S Briggs Mop yarn and mop made therefrom
US2448928A (en) * 1945-09-28 1948-09-07 Libertyville Textiles Inc Rug
US2600143A (en) * 1947-02-14 1952-06-10 Sidney P Vaughn Cellulose sponge yarn
US2531718A (en) * 1949-12-22 1950-11-28 Mohawk Carpet Mills Inc Knitted pile fabric
US9155385B2 (en) * 2011-05-13 2015-10-13 Victor David Williams Display device

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2899813A (en) * 1959-08-18 Knitted pile fabrics
US2875461A (en) * 1954-07-15 1959-03-03 Phillip G Anderson Washing device
US2727295A (en) * 1955-04-25 1955-12-20 Us Rubber Co Seaming tape
US2971359A (en) * 1957-07-25 1961-02-14 Firth Carpet Company Inc Method and apparatus for making knitted pile fabrics
US2996744A (en) * 1958-04-21 1961-08-22 Dorothy F Rodgers Combination cleaning swab and septic tank activator
US2968171A (en) * 1958-09-25 1961-01-17 C H Masland And Sons Warp knitting with pile contributing to lay-in weft bind
US3196475A (en) * 1963-09-18 1965-07-27 Sally N Brown Dry mops
US4223427A (en) * 1978-10-16 1980-09-23 David Pernick Method of knitting and of processing high pile fabric
US4364144A (en) * 1981-05-18 1982-12-21 Seco Industries, Inc. Duster head and method of making same
US5134746A (en) * 1989-12-11 1992-08-04 Steven William Cleaning material
US5609431A (en) * 1989-12-11 1997-03-11 Innovative Cleaning Concepts, Inc. Cleaning material with material supply
US5361445A (en) * 1993-02-26 1994-11-08 Sponge Fishing Co., Inc. Scrubber washer apparatus
US5938515A (en) * 1997-12-01 1999-08-17 Lake Country Manufacturing, Inc. Foam buffing pad of string-like construction
US6001009A (en) * 1997-12-01 1999-12-14 Lake Country Manufacturing Inc. Foam buffing pad of individual string-like members and method of manufacture thereof
US6312485B1 (en) * 1997-12-01 2001-11-06 Lake Country Manufacturing, Inc. Method of manufacturing a foam buffing pad of string-like members
US6338692B1 (en) 1999-11-01 2002-01-15 Douglas Magyari Infinitely variable transmission
WO2001033106A1 (en) * 1999-11-01 2001-05-10 Douglas Magyari Infinitely variable transmission
US6964630B1 (en) 1999-11-01 2005-11-15 Douglas Magyari Infinitely variable transmission
US6869340B2 (en) * 1999-12-15 2005-03-22 Nihon Microcoating Co., Ltd. Polishing cloth for and method of texturing a surface
US20040014414A1 (en) * 1999-12-15 2004-01-22 Yuji Horie Polishing cloth for and method of texturing a surface
US7399254B2 (en) 2000-10-20 2008-07-15 Douglas Magyari Infinitely variable transmission
US7704184B2 (en) 2000-10-20 2010-04-27 Douglas Magyari Infinitely variable transmission
US20080269008A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2008-10-30 Douglas Magyari Infinitely Variable Transmission
US20060160657A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2006-07-20 Douglas Magyari Infinitely variable transmission
US20040016444A1 (en) * 2002-07-25 2004-01-29 Mitchell Larry T. Cleaning cloth having rubber yarn rib elements knitted therein
US7013679B2 (en) * 2002-07-25 2006-03-21 Beech Island Knitting Company Cleaning cloth having rubber yarn rib elements knitted therein
US6761620B2 (en) * 2002-09-13 2004-07-13 Infineon Technologies Ag Finishing pad design for multidirectional use
US20040053570A1 (en) * 2002-09-13 2004-03-18 Markus Naujok Novel finishing pad design for multidirectional use
US20060107482A1 (en) * 2003-08-15 2006-05-25 Krause Aaron C Hybrid fiber-foam buffing pad
US7841927B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2010-11-30 3M Innovative Properties Company Hybrid fiber-foam buffing pad
US20100186139A1 (en) * 2009-01-26 2010-07-29 Kurtz Nicola Jowett Mitten

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