US2690070A - Rotary tumbler cylinder lock - Google Patents

Rotary tumbler cylinder lock Download PDF

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US2690070A
US2690070A US228419A US22841951A US2690070A US 2690070 A US2690070 A US 2690070A US 228419 A US228419 A US 228419A US 22841951 A US22841951 A US 22841951A US 2690070 A US2690070 A US 2690070A
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Prior art keywords
key
tumbler
key plug
tumblers
bar
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US228419A
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Roy C Spain
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Yale and Towne Manufacturing Co
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Yale and Towne Manufacturing Co
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Priority to US228419A priority Critical patent/US2690070A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B29/00Cylinder locks and other locks with plate tumblers which are set by pushing the key in
    • E05B29/0013Cylinder locks and other locks with plate tumblers which are set by pushing the key in with rotating plate tumblers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7441Key
    • Y10T70/7486Single key
    • Y10T70/7508Tumbler type
    • Y10T70/7559Cylinder type
    • Y10T70/7565Plural tumbler sets
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7441Key
    • Y10T70/7486Single key
    • Y10T70/7508Tumbler type
    • Y10T70/7559Cylinder type
    • Y10T70/7588Rotary plug
    • Y10T70/7593Sliding tumblers
    • Y10T70/7621Including sidebar
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7441Key
    • Y10T70/7486Single key
    • Y10T70/7508Tumbler type
    • Y10T70/7559Cylinder type
    • Y10T70/7588Rotary plug
    • Y10T70/7627Rotary or swinging tumblers
    • Y10T70/7633Transverse of plug
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7441Key
    • Y10T70/778Operating elements
    • Y10T70/7791Keys
    • Y10T70/7842Single shank or stem
    • Y10T70/787Irregular nonplanar or undulated
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7441Key
    • Y10T70/7915Tampering prevention or attack defeating
    • Y10T70/7932Anti-pick
    • Y10T70/7944Guard tumbler

Description

Sept. 28, 1954 R, C, 5PA|N 2,690,070
ROTARY TUMBLER CYLINDER LOCK Filed May 26, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 A"rTo'RNEY Sept- 28, 1954 R. c. SPAIN 2,690,070
ROTARY TUMBLER CYLINDER LOCK Filed May 26, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 F /f/ifll nNvENToR TT'ORNEY Patented Sept. 28, 1954 UNITED STATES'PATENT OFFICE ROTARY TUMBLER CYLINDER LOCK Roy C. Spain, Salem, Va., assigner to The Yale &
Towne Manufacturing Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Application May 26, 1951, Serial No. 228,419
(Cl. 'l0-421) 16 Claims. l
tions by a key in order to release the locking means that locks the key plug against rotation. This arrangement preferably includes at least one tumbler that moves longitudinally of the key plug in addition to the rotary tumblers that rotate in a direction laterally of the key plug, and renders the lock exceedingly difficult to pick, since the full locking elect of the locking means will be maintained unless the tumblers are moved in different directions to their particular releasing positions.
Another feature of the invention resides in the compact arrangement of the tumblers whereby the lock may provide an increased number of key changes without a corresponding increase in the size of the Ilock or in the length of the key. This is accomplished by mounting the longitudinally moving tumbler at a location that is within at least one of the rotary tumblers. The longitudinally moving tumbler, therefore, will multiply the key changes obtainable through the rotary tumblers without contributing to the length or the diameter of the lock.
As another feature, the rotating movements whereby the rotary tumblers control the locking means in conjunction with the longitudinally moving tumbler are positive in nature. The rotary tumblers have radially extending shoulders that engage opposite edges of the key, these edges being so bitted that the position and movement of eachrotary tumbler is determined directly by the key independently of any spring action during the time that the key is in the lock. As a further part of this feature of the invention, the manufacture and assembly of the lock is facilitated by mounting the rotary tumblers for rotation upon the key plug, and by forming the radially extending shoulders as ends that define an open side in each rotary tumbler whereby the rotary tumblers may be easily applied to the key plug. 1
I have thus outlined rather broadly the more pose.
Company, Stamford,
important features of my invention in order that the detailed description thereof that follows may be better understood, and in order that my contributio-n to the art may :be better appreciated. There are, of course, additional features of my invention that will be described hereinafter, and which will form the. subject of the claims appended hereto. Those. skilled in the art will appreciate that the conception on lwhich my disclosure is based may readily be utilized as a basis for the designing of other structures for carrying out several purposes of my invention. It is important, therefore, that the claims to be granted me shall be of sufficient breadth to prevent the appropriation of my invention by those skilled in the art.
Referring now to the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a perspective View showing the preferred form of my improved lock.
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view taken substantially in the line 2-2 of Fig. l, showing in elevation the inner parts of the lock and also a key therein.
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2, but showing the key plug and the key in section to further illustrate the tumblers and the side bar.
Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 2, showing the stop washer in one assembled position in which it will limit rotation of the key plug to 180.
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4, but showing the stop washer in another assembled position in which it will limit rotation of the key plug to Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken on the line 6--6 of Fig. 3, but showing the parts in the positions they would assume when the key has been removed from the lock.
Fig. 'l is a cross-sectional view similar to Fig. 6, but showing the key inserted and the tumblers positioned to release the side bar and thus permit rotation of the key plug.
Fig. 8 is a perspective view showing the side bar, the tumblers, and the bitted portion of the key in exploded relationship.
As shown in the drawing, the lock in which my invention is embodied is of the general class having a housing that may take the form of a cylinder I0 and key plug Il mounted in the cylinder. The cylinder I0 is adapted to be mounted in any customary way in a door or other member to be locked, and may have external threads l2 and an outer flange I3 for this pur- The key plug Il is held assembled within the cylinder l0 with its head I4 (Fig. 2) at the forward end thereof. Nut l5 is threaded on a portion It of the key plug and secures a swinging cam il on a square portion lil of the key plug Il for rotation therewith. A stop washer I8 limits the rotating movements of the key plug through a pair of outwardly extending lugs 2t, 2l, adapted to engage an abutment 22 on the cylinder if! (Figs. 4 and 5).
In my improved lock, I employ a novel coristruction wherein both the rotary tumblers, and a further tumbler moving in a direction at an angle to the rotary tunrblers, control a side bar that locks the key plug against rotation. lIhus, I provide a series of rotary tumblers 24 that are of a generally circular U-shape, and that are mounted for coaxial rotation relatively to the key plug li. Preferably, the rotary tumblers 24 are mounted in grooves in the periphery of the key plug li in such a way that the outer surfaces of the tumblers are flush with the surface of the key plug.
The ends of the rotary tumblers 2d are formed to provide radially extending shoulders 25, 2t, that are engaged by bitted edges on the blade of a key K when the key is inserted through the front of the key plug l l into a keyway 2*! formed longitudinally in the lower portion of the periphery of the key plug, as shown in Fig. 7. Because the key K is so bitted as to engage both of the tumbler shoulders 25, 2t, it will be seen that each of the rotary tumblers 24 will be positively moved and held in a predetermined position by the key when it is inserted into the keyway 2l. Preferably the :blade of the key K is laterally concave so as to be generally concentric with the key plug il, the bittings thereon being formed radially of the key plug. It Will also be noted that the ends of each U-shaped tumbler 24 dei-lne an open side in the tumbler which will permit the tumbler to be slipped or snapped over the key plug into one cf the key plug grooves. This feature is quite novel and important.
The rotary tumblers 2d control a side bar 23 for locking the key plug I i against rotation in the cylinder it, the side bar in a locking position lying in one of two beveled grooves, 29, 30, formed longitudinally in the inner surface of the cylinder l0. The key plug il cannot rotate relatively to the side bar 28 because of depending fingers, 3l, 32, 33, and also one elongated linger Sil, that are formed integrally with the side' bar and that are located between the tumblers 24 in a longitudinal slot 35 in the periphery of the key plug. However, the slot is proportioned to receive the entire side bar 28 so as to release the key plug for rotation in the cylinder It. This releasing action of the side bar may occur when the tumblers 24% are rotated by a properly bitted key K to bring tumbler gatings 36 in said tumblers into alignment with the side bar 28, provided the side bar is also released simultaneously by the further tumbler which is to be described.
The actual entry of the side bar 28 into the slot 35 and the gatings Sii will result from the camming action of the beveled sides of the slot 29 or 361, as the case may be, when a rotative force is applied to the key plug Il. The movement of the side bar 28 into the slot 35 will be accomplished against the force of a pair of coiled springs 3l, 38 (Fig. 3), that press against the lower ends of the depending fingers 3l and 33 for the purpose of expelling the side bar from the gatings 36 when the key plug is to be locked. It will be observed at this point that if any great attempt is made to force the rotation of the key plug il when it is in locked condition, the side bar 28 will be crushed or otherwise deformed by the beveled sides of the slot 29 or Sil, and will remain outwardly of the key plug so as to preclude release of the lock.
Although the rotary tumbler and side bar construction described constitutes in itself a valuable contribution to the art, the side bar of my improved lock is preferably controlled through the combined action of the rotary tumblers 24 and the further tumbler hereinbefore referred to, this further tumbler being moved to releasing position simultaneously with the rotary tumblers 2li by the properly bitted key. This further tumbler is indicated by the numeral 39, and is slidable longitudinally of the key plug Il in a channel t formed in the key plug inwardly of the rotary tumblers 24. The further tumbler 3S is normally held in a forward position by a coiled spring il in the channel Il@ behind the tumbler 3a, said coil spring reacting against a base or plug 2 anchored within the channel by a staking t3. The elongated finger 34 of the side bar 28 extends downwardly as viewed in Fig. 3 into proximity with the further tumbler 39, so that release of the side bar cannot occur unless a gating lll in the further tumbler is aligned with the elongated finger Sli. The proper key K, however, has on its concave side a longitudinal ridge that provides an inner hitting or shoulder d5 for engaging a lug or shoulder l5 depending from the further tumbler 39 into the keyway 2l. Insertion of the key K into the keyway will push the further tumbler 3S to align the gating it with the elongated nger Sli of the side bar and thus permit release of the lock.
When the key plug vI! is to be locked and the key K is withdrawn therefrom, the spring il will, of course, move the push tumbler 39 forwardly until the gating lll is no longer aligned with the nger tl, the side bar 23 previously having been projected into one of the cylinder grooves 30, by the springs 3l, 38. In order to insure also that the rotary tumblers 2G are dispersed when the key K is not in the lock, I provide a Z-shapcd wire spring lll (Fig. 2), the opposite legs of which are engaged with the sides of dovetail slots d8, in the peripheries of the rotary tumblers 24. The periphery of the key plug li is provided with a longitudinal groove 49 that contains the spring ttl, and the spring preferably is anchored in position by a small central loop portion 5@ received in an aperture in the bottom of the groove tlg. It will be understood that the force of the Z-shaped dispersing spring 4l is insuicient to interfere with the action of the key K in rotating the tumblers 2li, but will nevertheless be suicient to hold the tumblers in a dispersed condition when the key is not in the key plug.
It will be apparent from the foregoing description that picking of my improved lock will be extremely difiicult because of the fact that a person attempting to pick the lock must not only cope with the two shoulders 25, 26, on each rotary tumbler 24, but must also manipulate the longitudinally moving push tumbler 39 to a particular releasing position before the side bar 23 can be released. In order to render picking of the lock still more diicult, the peripheries of the rotary tumblers 26 preferably have false gatings 5I formed therein which will simulate the action of the true gatings 36 during the picking procedure. The false gatings 5I will allow some movement of the side bar 28, but this movement is insuflicient to permit complete release of the side bar and the alignment of any one of the false gatings with the side bar will prevent release of the'lock.
In assembling my improved lock, the rotary tumblers 24 may be very easily slipped or snapped into place upon the key plug Il because of the open side provided by their U-shape, after which they may be gated in accordance with any particular set of bittings on the key by inserting the key into the keyway 2l so as to position the tumblers 24, and then cutting the gatings 36 in these tumblers along the line of the slot 35 in the key plug ll. The false gatings 5I will, of course, be cut to a shallovver depth at locations offset from the true gatings 3B. The side bar 28 and the Z-shaped dispersing spring 41 will be applied prior to insertion of the key plug I I into the cylinder l0. The longitudinally moving push tumbler 39 that operates in combination with the rotary tumblers 24 is formed with the gating 44 at the proper location 'to receive the elongated side bar nger 34 when this further tumbler is positioned by the inner bitting or shoulder 45 of the key K. The push tumbler 39 preferably is inserted through the inner end of the channel 40, after which the spring l and the plug 42 are inserted and secured by the staking 43.
In view of the fact that the longitudinally moving push tumbler 39 is located within the rotary tumblers 24, the tumbler 39 multiplies the number of possible key changes without requiring any increase in the dimensions of the lock or in the length of the key. Thus, :for example, if 5,000 changes are possible through the rotary tumblers 24 alone, and it is assumed that the gating 44 may be formed in any one of iive different locations along the length of the push tumbler 39, the number of possible changes will then be 25,000.
I now claim:
l. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a key plug therein, movable means locking said key plug against movement relatively to said cylinder, a key positioned tumbler mounted on said key plug for controlling the movement of said movable locking means out of locking position, a further tumbler mounted on said key plug for movement relatively to said` key plug in a direction angular to the movement of said i-lrst tumbler, and means whereby said further tumbler also controls the movement of said movable locking means out of locking position, both oi said tumblers being moved by a single key to position releasing said movable locking means.
2. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a key plug therein, movable means locking said key plug against movement relatively to said cylinder, a key positioned rotary tumbler mounted on said key plug for controlling by its rotated position the movement of said movable locking means out of locking position, a further key positioned tumbler mounted in said key plug for movement relatively to said key plug in a direction angular to the rotary movement of said iirst tumbler, and means whereby said further tumbler also controls the movement of said movable locking means out of locking position, both of said tumblers being moved by a single key to position releasing said movable locking means.
3. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a key plug therein, a side bar locking said key plug against movement relatively to said cylinder, a key positioned rotary tumbler mounted on said key plug and having a peripheral gating for receiving said side bar whereby to control by its rotated position the movement of said side bar out of locking position, and a further key positioned tumbler mounted for movement longitudinally of said key plug and having a gating for receiving said side bar whereby said further tumbler also controls through its longitudinal movement the movement of said side bar out of locking position, both of said tumblers being moved by a single key to releasing position wherein said side bar enters said gatings.
4. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a key plug therein having a keyway, movable means locking said key plug against movement relatively to said cylinder, a key positioned rotary tumbler mounted for rotation on said key plug and controlling by its rotated position relatively to said key plug the movement of said movable locking means out of locking position, shoulders formed radially on said rotary tumbler for engaging opposite edges of a properly bitted key inserted in said keyway whereby to determine positively the rotated position of the tumbler relatively to the key plug, and at least one of said shoulders coacting with the key for rotating said tumbler to release said movable locking means.
5. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a key plug movable therein, a key positioned rotary tumbler embracing said key plug, means whereby said tumbler controls by its rotated position relatively to said key plug the movement of said key plug in said cylinder, and radially formed ends on said rotary tumbler defining an open side in said tumbler, said open side being shaped to receive said key plug for entry laterally into said tumbler whereby to facilitate application of said tumbler to said key plug in assembly.
6. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a key plug therein, a side bar, means whereby said side bar When in a locking position locks said key plug against movement relatively to said cylinder, a key positioned tumbler mounted for rotation on said key plug and having a gating in its outer periphery for receiving said side bar whereby to control by its rotated position relatively to said key. plug the movement of said movable Side bar out of locking position, and radially formed ends on said rotary tumbler deiining an open side in said tumbler, said open side being shaped to receive said key plug for entry laterally into said tumbler during assembly, said radially formed ends coacting with opposite edges cf a properly bitted key whereby to determine positively the rotated position of the tumbler relatively to the key plug, and at least one of said radially formed ends coacting with the key for rotating said tumbler to releasing position in which said side bar may enter said gating.
7. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a key plug rotating in said cylinder, a series ci tumblers rotating on said key plug, gatings in said rotary tumblers, a push tumbler mounted for sliding movement in said key plug, a gating in said push tumbler, a side bar for llocking said key plug against rotation and movable in and out of locking position relatively to said cylinder, portions of said side bar being movable into said gatings when said gatings are aligned with said portions whereby to release the key plug for rotation, and said rotating tumblers and said push tumbler having portions contacted by a key,to rotate said rotating tumblers and to move said push tumbler to align all of said gatings with said side bar.
8. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder,
a key plug therein, a side bar, means whereby said side bar when in a locking position locks said key plug against movement relatively to said cylinder, a series of key positioned rotary tumblers mounted in grooves in the periphery of said key plug and having gatings in their outer peripheries for receiving said side bar whereby to control by their rotated positions relatively to said key plug the movement of said side bar out of locking position, a further tumbler movable longitudinally of said key plug, said further tumbler having a gating whereby said further tumbler also controls the movement of said side bar out of locking position, shoulders formed radially on said rotary tumblers, and a shoulder on said further tumbler, said shoulders when engaged by a single key moving said tumblers to releasing positions wherein said side bar may enter said gatings.
9. In a combination of the cla-ss described, a cylinder, a key plug rotating in said cylinder, a series of tumblers rotating on said key plug, a push tumbler moving in said key plug in a direction at an angle to the rotating movement ol said rotating tumblers, means through which said tumblers control by their positions the releasing and locking oi' said key plug in said cylinder, a key having edges bitted for moving said rotating tumblers to releasing positions as said key is in serte-d into said key plug, and said key being further bitted for moving said push tumbler to releasing position as said key is inserted into said key plug whereby all of said tumblers are moved simultaneously to releasing position by said key.
10. In a combinationof the class described, a cylinder, a key plug rotating in said cylinder, series of tumblers rotating on said key plug, a push tumbler moving in said key plug in a direction at an angle to the rotating movement of l said rotating tumblers, means through which said tumblers control by their positions the releasing and locking of said key plug in said cylinder, spaced shoulders on each of said rotating tumblers, a shoulder on said push tumbler, a key bitted to engage said spaced shoulders on said rotating tumblers whereby to determine positively the rotated positions of the rotating tumblers relatively to the key plug, and said key coacting with at least one of the shoulders on each rotating tumbler to move said rotating tumblers to re leasing positions as said key is inserted into said key plug, and said key being further bitted for engaging said shoulder on said push tumbler whereby to move said push tumbler to releasing position simultaneously as said rotating tumblers are moved to releasing positions.
l1. In a key of the class described, a blade having opposed edge surfaces to be bitted in accordance with a tumbler combination, and a ridge running longitudinally of said blade and having an end surface at a medial point on said blade, said end surface being bitted in accordance with a tumbler to be pushed by said ridge.
12. In a key of the class described, a laterally concave blade having opposed edge surfaces to be bitted in accordance with a tumbler combination, and a ridge running longitudinally of said blade on the concave side thereof and being bitted in accordance with a tumbler to be moved by said ridge.
13. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a key plug movable therein, a T-shaped side bar, means whereby said side bar when in a locking position locks said key plug against movement relatively to said cylinder, key positioned rotary tumblers mounted on said key plug and coasting with the arms of said T-shaped side bar to control by their rotated positions the movement of said side bar out of locking position, and a further key-positioned tumbler movable relatively to said key plug and coacting with the leg of said T- shaped side bar also to control the movement of said side bar out of locking position,
14. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a key plug movable therein, a key positioned rotary tumbler rotating on said key plug with a portion of its periphery aligned with the periphery of said key plug, means whereby said rotary tumbler controls by its rotated position relatively to said key plug the movement of said key plug in said cylinder, and ends formed on said rotary tumbler deiining an open side in said tumbler, said open side being shaped to receive said key plug for entry laterally into said tumbler whereby to facilitate application of said tumbler' to said key plug in assembly.
15. .In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a key plug movable therein, peripheral grooves in said key plug, key positioned rotary tumblers rotating in said grooves with their peripheries flush with the periphery of said key plug, means whereby said rotary tumblers control by their rotated positions relatively to said key plug the movement of said key plug in said cylinder, and ends formed on said rotary tumblers defining open sides in said tumblers, said open sides being shaped to receive said key plug at the location of said grooves for entry laterally into said tumblers whereby to facilitate application of said tumblers to said key plug and into said grooves in assembly.
16. In a lock of the class described, a cylinder, a key plug in said cylinder having a keyway, a side bar locking said key plug against movement relatively to said cylinder, a rotary tumbler mounted on said key plug and having a peripheral gating for receiving said side bar whereby to control by its rotated position the movement of said side bar out of locking position, a further tumbler mounted for movement longitudinally of said key plug and having a gating for receiving said side bar whereby said further tumbler through its longitudinal movement also controls the movement of said side bar out of lockingposition, and said tumblers having surfaces contacted by a key in said keyway of said key plug whereby to be moved by the key into a position with their gatings aligned relatively to said side bar.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED 'PATENTS Number Name Date 212,957 Ludlow Mar. e, 1879 318,861 Brettell May 26, 1385 688,070 Denn Dec. 8, 1901 1,093,817 Williams Apr. 21, 1914 1,463,495 Borelli July 31, 1923 1,616,255 Douglas Feb. l, 1927 2,298,698 Hofman Oct. 13, 1942 2,318,887 Ramsell May 11, 1943
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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US3035433A (en) * 1959-10-30 1962-05-22 Eagle Lock Corp Lock mechanism
US3352134A (en) * 1964-10-07 1967-11-14 Fichet Sa Soc Multiple-combination safety lock
US3367155A (en) * 1966-05-16 1968-02-06 Gen Motors Corp Lock cylinder assembly
US3367156A (en) * 1966-05-25 1968-02-06 Gen Motors Corp Lock cylinder assembly
US3425248A (en) * 1967-04-13 1969-02-04 Independent Lock Co Key ejector lock with anti-pick feature
US3473356A (en) * 1967-01-09 1969-10-21 Niilola Armas K Barrel-operated lock
US3478549A (en) * 1967-06-19 1969-11-18 Schlage Lock Co Pick resistant lock unit
US3485068A (en) * 1967-10-13 1969-12-23 Sigmund Knaul Tumbler locks
US3486353A (en) * 1966-10-14 1969-12-30 Aksel Pilvet Lock mechanisms and keys therefor
US3789638A (en) * 1972-07-28 1974-02-05 Locking Syst Inc Rotary disc tumbler lock construction
US4099398A (en) * 1974-04-18 1978-07-11 Societe Neiman Sa Lock key, method for its manufacture and lock employing this key
WO1980000180A1 (en) * 1978-06-29 1980-02-07 H Rissmann Thief proof screw device for motocycles and mopeds
FR2479316A1 (en) * 1980-03-31 1981-10-02 Marvin Roberts Rotary disc-tumbler lock cylinder - has cylinder removable mounted in lock body to allow inter changing of cylinder to increase security
US4404824A (en) * 1981-02-05 1983-09-20 Lori Corporation Side-bar lock
US4446709A (en) * 1981-07-14 1984-05-08 Chicago Lock Co. Cylinder lock mechanism
US5615566A (en) * 1995-09-18 1997-04-01 Brandt; Greg N. Cylinder lock and key
EP0864715A1 (en) * 1997-03-14 1998-09-16 IKON AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT Präzisionstechnik Cylinder lock
WO2001036768A1 (en) * 1999-11-17 2001-05-25 Ikon Aktiengesellschaft Lock-key system
US6386006B1 (en) * 1993-04-27 2002-05-14 Dewalch Technologies, Inc. Rotation restricted barrel lock and key
US20090241620A1 (en) * 2008-03-27 2009-10-01 Medeco Security Locks, Inc. Cylinder Lock and Auxiliary Locking Mechanism
US20100031716A1 (en) * 2007-05-01 2010-02-11 Diana Teixeira Key and core with side pin
US20110041579A1 (en) * 2009-08-18 2011-02-24 Henry Chen Rekeyable lock assembly with blown cylinder protection
US20120240644A1 (en) * 2007-05-01 2012-09-27 Diana Teixeira Key for use with lock core having side pin
US8720238B1 (en) * 2012-10-29 2014-05-13 Videx, Inc. Electronic access control systems
US20150114059A1 (en) * 2013-10-28 2015-04-30 Camware Holdings Pty Ltd Lock system
US20180266144A1 (en) * 2017-03-17 2018-09-20 United States Postal Service Lock mechanism

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Cited By (35)

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US3035433A (en) * 1959-10-30 1962-05-22 Eagle Lock Corp Lock mechanism
US3352134A (en) * 1964-10-07 1967-11-14 Fichet Sa Soc Multiple-combination safety lock
US3367155A (en) * 1966-05-16 1968-02-06 Gen Motors Corp Lock cylinder assembly
US3367156A (en) * 1966-05-25 1968-02-06 Gen Motors Corp Lock cylinder assembly
US3486353A (en) * 1966-10-14 1969-12-30 Aksel Pilvet Lock mechanisms and keys therefor
US3473356A (en) * 1967-01-09 1969-10-21 Niilola Armas K Barrel-operated lock
US3425248A (en) * 1967-04-13 1969-02-04 Independent Lock Co Key ejector lock with anti-pick feature
US3478549A (en) * 1967-06-19 1969-11-18 Schlage Lock Co Pick resistant lock unit
US3485068A (en) * 1967-10-13 1969-12-23 Sigmund Knaul Tumbler locks
US3789638A (en) * 1972-07-28 1974-02-05 Locking Syst Inc Rotary disc tumbler lock construction
US4099398A (en) * 1974-04-18 1978-07-11 Societe Neiman Sa Lock key, method for its manufacture and lock employing this key
WO1980000180A1 (en) * 1978-06-29 1980-02-07 H Rissmann Thief proof screw device for motocycles and mopeds
FR2479316A1 (en) * 1980-03-31 1981-10-02 Marvin Roberts Rotary disc-tumbler lock cylinder - has cylinder removable mounted in lock body to allow inter changing of cylinder to increase security
US4404824A (en) * 1981-02-05 1983-09-20 Lori Corporation Side-bar lock
US4446709A (en) * 1981-07-14 1984-05-08 Chicago Lock Co. Cylinder lock mechanism
US6386006B1 (en) * 1993-04-27 2002-05-14 Dewalch Technologies, Inc. Rotation restricted barrel lock and key
USRE39364E1 (en) * 1995-09-18 2006-10-31 Stanley Security Solutions, Inc. Cylinder lock and key
US5615566A (en) * 1995-09-18 1997-04-01 Brandt; Greg N. Cylinder lock and key
EP0864715A1 (en) * 1997-03-14 1998-09-16 IKON AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT Präzisionstechnik Cylinder lock
JP2003515018A (en) * 1999-11-17 2003-04-22 イコーン・アクチエンゲゼルシャフト・プレツィジオンステヒニーク Key lock system
WO2001036768A1 (en) * 1999-11-17 2001-05-25 Ikon Aktiengesellschaft Lock-key system
US20120240644A1 (en) * 2007-05-01 2012-09-27 Diana Teixeira Key for use with lock core having side pin
US20100031716A1 (en) * 2007-05-01 2010-02-11 Diana Teixeira Key and core with side pin
US7681425B2 (en) 2007-05-01 2010-03-23 Stanley Security Solutions, Inc. Key and core with side pin
US20110016936A1 (en) * 2007-05-01 2011-01-27 Diana Teixeira Key and core with side pin
US8479545B2 (en) * 2007-05-01 2013-07-09 Stanley Security Solutions, Inc. Key for use with lock core having side pin
US8065897B2 (en) 2007-05-01 2011-11-29 Stanley Security Solutions, Inc. Key and core with side pin
US8186194B2 (en) 2008-03-27 2012-05-29 Medeco Security Locks, Inc. Cylinder lock and auxiliary locking mechanism
US20090241620A1 (en) * 2008-03-27 2009-10-01 Medeco Security Locks, Inc. Cylinder Lock and Auxiliary Locking Mechanism
US20110041579A1 (en) * 2009-08-18 2011-02-24 Henry Chen Rekeyable lock assembly with blown cylinder protection
US8739587B2 (en) * 2009-08-18 2014-06-03 Kwikset Corporation Rekeyable lock assembly with blown cylinder protection
US8720238B1 (en) * 2012-10-29 2014-05-13 Videx, Inc. Electronic access control systems
US20150114059A1 (en) * 2013-10-28 2015-04-30 Camware Holdings Pty Ltd Lock system
US9157256B2 (en) * 2013-10-28 2015-10-13 Camware Holdings Pty Ltd Lock system
US20180266144A1 (en) * 2017-03-17 2018-09-20 United States Postal Service Lock mechanism

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