US2687639A - Cylinder lock and key - Google Patents

Cylinder lock and key Download PDF

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Publication number
US2687639A
US2687639A US3085448A US2687639A US 2687639 A US2687639 A US 2687639A US 3085448 A US3085448 A US 3085448A US 2687639 A US2687639 A US 2687639A
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Prior art keywords
key
tumblers
keyhole
projections
wing
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Gunnar E Swanson
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Gunnar E Swanson
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B29/00Cylinder locks and other locks with plate tumblers which are set by pushing the key in
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7441Key
    • Y10T70/7486Single key
    • Y10T70/7508Tumbler type
    • Y10T70/7559Cylinder type
    • Y10T70/7588Rotary plug
    • Y10T70/7593Sliding tumblers
    • Y10T70/7599Transverse of plug
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7441Key
    • Y10T70/778Operating elements
    • Y10T70/7791Keys
    • Y10T70/7842Single shank or stem
    • Y10T70/7859Flat rigid
    • Y10T70/7864Cylinder lock type
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7441Key
    • Y10T70/778Operating elements
    • Y10T70/7791Keys
    • Y10T70/7881Bitting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7441Key
    • Y10T70/7915Tampering prevention or attack defeating
    • Y10T70/7932Anti-pick
    • Y10T70/7944Guard tumbler

Description

All@ 3l, 19,54 G. E. swANsoN 2,687,639

CYLINDER LOCK AND KEY Filed June 5, 1948 Fiq 9. 182 |84 JNVENTOR.

/ Flq O Gun/1dr E Swnnson Patented Aug. 31, 1954 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CYLINDER LOCK AND KEY Gunnar E. Swanson, New Britain, Conn.

Application June 3, 1948, Serial No. 30,854

The invention relates to a lock of the cylinder type and to a key therefor, and as to certain of its features it relates to a lock and a key therefor somewhat similar to the lock and key set forth in my copending, now abandoned, application for Lock and Key, Serial No. 724,195, filed January 24, 1947.

One of the objects of the invention is to provide a lock and a key therefor wherein the cross sectional shapes of the keyhole and the key are such as to minimize the possibility of picking.

Another object of the invention is to provide a lock having a longitudinal member or members normally at least partly in the keyhole to obstruct a picking tool but movable out of obstructing relationship upon the insertion of a key.

Another object of the invention is to provide a lock wherein the tumbler projections which are engageable by the key are also engaged by spring means located in part in the keyhole and which tend to hold the tumblers in their normal locking positions.

Various other objects of the invention will be apparent from the drawings and from the following specification and claims.

In the drawings I have shown in detail two embodiments of the invention but it will be understood that various changes can be made from the constructions shown and that the drawings are not to be construed as dening or limiting the scope of the invention, the claims forming a part of this specication being relied upon for that purpose.

Of the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view of a lock embodying the invention, this view being taken along the line of Fig. 3.

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary longitudinal horizontal sectional view of the lock shown in Fig. l, this view being taken along the line 2-2 of Fig. 3 but Ashowng the cylinder in elevation.

Fig. 3 is a front View of the lock shown in Figs. 1 and 2, with the guard in position to close the keyhole.

Fig. 4 is a longitudinal vertical sectional View similar to Fig. 1 but showing a key inserted and showing the tumblers moved to their unlocking positions.

Fig. 5 is an enlarged transverse vertical sectional view taken along the line,5-5 of Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is a front View similar to Fig. 3 but showing the front guard in position to permit the insertion of a key.

Fig. '7 is a detail view of the tumbler controlling bar as shown in Figs. 1 and 4.

16 Claims. (Cl. 'l0- 364) Fig. 8 is a detail front view of the front guard as shown in Figs. 1 to 4 and 6.

Fig. 9 is a side view of a key adapted for use with the lock shown in Figs. 1 to 6' and also adapted for use with the lock shown in Figs.

Fig. 10 is a cross-sectional View of the key shown in Fig. 9, this View being taken along the line Ill-IU.

Fig. 11 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view of an alternative lock which is in many respects similar to that shown in Figs. 1 to 6, this view being taken along the line |||I of Fig. 13 and showing the tumblers in their unlocking positions.

Fig. 12 is a fragmentary longitudinal horizontal sectional view of the lock shown in Fig. 11, this view being taken along the line |2-I2 of Fig. 13 and showing the cylinder in elevation.

Fig. 13 is an enlarged transverse sectional view taken along the line |3|3 of Fig. 11.

Fig. 14 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view similar to Fig. 11 but showing a key inserted and showing the tumblers moved to their unlocking positions.

Fig. 15 is a view similar to Fig. 13 but showing certain parts of the lock in reversed positions.

Throughout the following specification such terms as vertical and horizontal will be used to describe the several parts in the positions as shown in the drawings. It will be understood, however, vthat such terms are to be interpreted as merely describing the relationships of parts and that they do not in any way limit the invention as concerns the positions of the several locks in actual use.

Referring to the drawings, particularly Figs. 1 to 10 thereof, |10 represents the casing of the lock, this being provided with a central cylindrical opening having a tumbler recess |2 at one side and having a second tumbler recess I4 at the opposite side. The casing |10 is adapted for location within an aperture in a mounting wall, not shown. The casing is exteriorly threaded and a nut, not shown, serves to hold the casing in fixed position with respect to the wall.

Movably mounted, preferably rotatably, in the casing |10 is a cylinder |12 having a ange 22 which iits within a countersink in the front end of the casing. The cylinder |12 is provided with a longitudinal keyhole which is specially shaped in accordance with the invention. The keyhole includes a guiding opening |14 which has a vertically narrow portion and a vertically wider portion, the said guiding opening being shown as having a dovetail shape. The keyhole also includes a slot |16 which is immediately adjacent the vertically narrow portion of the guiding opening |14 and which projects transversely therefrom in opposite directions. The slot |16 has a substantially flat face at the side thereof opposite the guiding opening |14. The said keyhole has a uniform cross sectional shape throughout its length.

A key |18 is provided, as shown in detail in Figs. 9 and 10. The key has a guiding portion |80 which is adapted to enter and iit the guiding opening |14 of the keyhole, the said guiding portion of the key being shown as having a dovetail shape. The key also has a longitudinal flat wing |82 projecting transversely in opposite directions from the guiding portion |80 and adapted to enter and nt the slot |16 of the keyhole. The key |18 is of uniform cross sectional shape substantially throughout its'eifective length. The major portion of the external faces of the key |18 and of thekeyhole in the cylinder |12 are straight. However, in order to facilitate insertion ofthe key in the keyhole, the inner portion of the guiding portion |80 is beveled, as indicated at 34. The fiat Wing |82 is provided with a generally longitudinal tortuous bitting groove |84 which is open at the inner end of the wing. This groove is in the face of the wing |82 which is opposite the guiding portion |80. The groove |84 is of substantially uniform width throughout and the wing |82 preferably has at least one diagonal guide wall 38 at one side of the groove. 'The grooves |84 of different keys vary in direction and location to provide a variety of bitting changes.

Carried by the cylinder |12 at the rear end thereof is a swivel bolt |98. The cylinder |12 has a rearward integral extension 62 which is of reduced diameter and threaded, this extension projecting through a hole in the bolt |98..

A nut'202 has threaded engagement with the extension 62 and holds the swivel bolt in place.

The cylinder |12 is provided with a plurality of locking tumblers |86 which are transversely movable parallelly with the face of the keyhole slot |16. The tumblers are separated from each other and are guided by interposed walls formed integrally with the cylinder. As shown in Fig. 1, all of the tumblers when in locking positions extend into the same tumbler recess |4 at one side of the casing |10. However, this is not essential and some of them may extend into one recess and others of them may extend into the opposite recess.

Each of the tumblers |86, |86 has a narrow projection |90 which extends transversely of the direction of tumbler movement and into the slot |16 of the keyhole. When the tumblers are in their normal positions as shown in Fig. 1, the projections |90 are so positioned that they can enter the groove |84 of the key when the key is inserted in the keyhole with the wing |82 thereof in the keyhole slot |16. The several projections are so located with respect to their tumblers and the groove |84 is so shaped that, upon complete insertion of the key, all of the locking tumblers have been positively moved to their unlocking positions as shown in Fig. 4.

In addition to the locking tumblers |86, |86 there is preferably provided a guard tumbler |88, and if desired there may be a second guard tumbler |89. The guard tumblers are similar to the locking tumblers and have similar projections |90. They differ from the locking tumblers in that they are normally out of locking 4posi- 75 tions, with their projections closely adjacent one side of the keyhole slot |16. Each guard tumbler is at the front of one or more locking tumblers, and any attempt to manipulate the locking tumblers by a picking tool would result in moving one or both of the guard tumblers into one of the tumbler slots in the casing. Inasmuch as the projections |90 on the guard tumblers are closely adjacent one side-'of the keyhole slot |16, the groove |84 in the key must have guard tumbler portions which are correspondingly close to the side of the Wing of the key, one of these guard tumbler portions being shown at 58. As the key is inserted, the guard tumblers are moved momentarily into locking positions, but when the key is fully inserted the projections |90 on the guard tumblers are in the guard tumbler portions, such as 58, of the groove, the guard tumblers being thus restored to their unlocking positions.

A longitudinally extending element is provided which is normally at least partly within the slot |16 of the keyhole adjacent the several tumblers and in position to additionally obstruct the movement of a picking tool into engagement with the several tumblers. The said element is movable out of its obstructing position by the key upon insertion thereof. Preferably the said element is spring biased into its said obstructing position. As shown in Figs. 1, 4 and 5, the said longitudinally extending element is a bar |92 which engages directly with the before-mentioned projections |90 and serves as the means for holding the tumblers in their locking positions. The bar |92 is normally withing or partly within the slot |16 of the keyhole, being in direct engagement with the projections |90 which are longitudinally aligned. A bow spring |94 engages with the bar |92 tobias -it transversely in the direction to hold the tumblers in their normal locking positions. The bar |92 has a diagonal portion |96 at its front end.

When a key is inserted as shown in Fig. 4, it is guided'by the guiding portion |80 thereof, and

the wing |82 engages the diagonal portion |96 of the bar |92 so that the bar is moved transversely in'opposition to the spring |94 to the position shown. Inasmuch as the wing of the key holds the bar |92 out of engagement with the projections |90, vthe tumblers are free to move as the said projections enter the groove |84 in 'the key." This greatly reduces Wear of the tumbler projections and ofthe key and reduces resistance to key insertion and withdrawal.

'Inasmuch as the bar |92 is moved out of engagement with the tumbler projections by the wing of the key, the spring |94 which biases the said bar can be relatively powerful as it is not flexed bythe engagement of the tumbler projections with the walls of the bitting groove but rather by the'side of the wing of the key.' Thus the lock is very highly resistent to pickingl this being due in part to the guard tumblers which have been described and also due in part to the relatively powerful spring |94 which resists any movement of the tumblers by a picking tool.

The bar |92 lies directly in the keyhole s o as to obstruct a pickingtool and so as to resist movement of the tumblers by a picking tool.

The bar |92 and the spring |94 can be located in reversed positionswithout changing any parts of the lock. When so reversed the bar |92 is engaged, by the bottom of the Wing of the key rather than by the` top of the said-wing. This reversibility of the saidv parts provides additional bitting changes with the same keyhole and cylinder.

A rotatable guard 204 is provided which is vwithin the outer end portion of the opening in the casing, this guard being held in place by a cap 206 carried by the outer endportion of the casing. A gasket 208 is interposed between the guard 204 and the end of the cylinder, being secured to the guard by cementing or otherwise. The guard and the gasket are provided with rectangular openings 2|0, these openings being so located that upon rotation of the guard they can be brought into register with the keyhole, as shown in Fig. 6, or out of register with the keyhole as shown in Fig. 3. The guard may be rotated by inserting a portion 2|| in the bow of the key in the opening 2|0.

The lock as shown in Figs. 11 to 15 is generally similar to that shown in Figs. 1 to 10, but differs as to the spring means forbiasing the tumblers. In lieu of the bar |92 there is provided a bow spring 2|2, a portion of which enters the slot |16 of the keyhole and engages some of the tumbler projections |90. A second bow spring 2|4 is positioned opposite the spring 2|2. A portion of the spring 2|4 also enters the slot |16 of the keyhole and engages some of the tumbler projections |90, |90 at the opposite sides thereof. The ends of the said spring 2|4 also bear on the front and rear tumblers at the end projections |9| thereof, and the said spring lies adjacent the end projections |9| on intervening tumblers to limit the movement of such tumblers. The spring 2 |2 is much heavier than the spring 2|4 and the tumblers are moved by the spring 2|2 in opposition to the spring 2I4.

When a key such as |18 is inserted as shown in Fig. 14,. the wing |82 of the key engages the springs 2|2 and 2|4 to flex the said springs in opposite directions. With the springs so flexed, the projections |90 are out of engagement with the springs, but the end portions of the lighter spring 2|4 continue to apply limited pressure to the front and rear tumblers by means of the said projections |9| thereon. Thus when the key is inserted the middle tumblers have free motion and the others are restricted only by the light pressure of the spring 2|4.

Fig. is similar to Fig. 13 and illustrates the fact that the springs 2|2 and 2|4 and the tumblers can be reversed in positions, without changing any of the lock parts. This multiplies the number of key changes that can be obtained with the same lock. To facilitate reversal there is also provided a longitudinal bar 2|5 supported by the outer wall and held in position by the spring 2|2. This bar is also reversable and forms a guiding rest for the end portions of the tumblers.

The lock and key as shown and described have several advantageous features. The key has ample mechanical strength notwithstanding the relatively deep bitting slot |84 in the wing thereof. assisting in guiding the key but also for reinforcing the wing |82 which would otherwise be mechanically weak. The shape of the guiding portion |80 of the key and of the corresponding guiding portion |14 of the keyhole constitute an important factor in preventing picking. The guiding opening |14 of the keyhole is necessarily relatively large but only a narrow ing and the keyhole slot |16.

The guiding portion serves not only for 165 makes it practically impossible toymove the turn- .blersby a picking tool inserted in the guiding opening. The guiding opening |14 is shownas having a Adovetail shape and for convenience it is herein so described and referred to, but it will be understood that there may be variations in the shape of the said guiding opening and of the corresponding guiding portion of the key without departing from the invention.

Picking of the lock isv prevented or at least made very diflicult by at least three cooperating features as follows: (a) the narrow space between the guiding opening |14 of the keyhole and the slot |16 thereof as last above described; (b) the guard tumblers |88 and |89; and (c) the bar |92 as shown in Figs. 1, 4 and 5 or the springs 2|2 and 2I4 as shown in Figs. l1, '13, 14 and 15.

What I claim is:

l. A lock for use with a key having a longitudinal guiding portion dovetailed in cross section and having a longitudinal flat wing proa longitudinal keyhole including a guiding opening dovetailed in cross section and shaped to receive and fit the dovetailed guiding portion voi" the key and also including a slot extending transversely in opposite directions from the narrower part of the dovetailed guiding opening and shaped to receive and t the wing of the key which slot has a fiat face at the side thereof opposite the said guiding opening, the said keyhole having a uniform cross sectional shape throughout its length, tumblers carried by the cylinder and transversely movable parallelly with the said flat face of the keyhole slot which l tumblers are normally in locking engagement with the casing, and relatively narrow projections on the respective tumblers extending transversely of the direction of relative tumbler movement and into the keyhole slot which projections are positioned to enter and substantially t the bitting groove of the key upon insertion thereof, the several said projections being so located with respect to their tumblers that the latter are positively moved to unlocking positions by the bitting groove of the key.

2. A key having a straight longitudinal guiding portion dovetailed in cross section and having a straight longitudinal flat wing positioned immediately adjacent the narrower part of the guiding portion and projecting transversely in opposite directions therefrom, the said key being of uniform external cross sectional shape substantially throughout its eiective length and the said wing of the key being provided with a tortuous bitting groove of substantially uniform width in the face thereof opposite the guiding portion which groove is open at its inner end.

3. A. lock comprising in combination, a casing having an opening, a cylinder movable in the casing opening and having a longitudinal keyhole, a yseries of longitudinally spaced tumblers carried by the cylinder and normally in locking engagement with the casing which tumblers have lportions in the keyhole for engagement by an inserted :key'uto l' move lthe'A said tumblers out' of l their -said locking engagement; aan; elementi having -aportion thereof normally -within -theilkey- 'holeland' extending'flongitudinally past each of the 'tumblers of thesai'd seriesinposition-to obstruct t thel movement of' af pickingtool into engagement with the 4'said tumblers, the saidi portion of the @said elementv being transverselyrmovable outnof its said obstructing Apositionl by.l ani inserted. ikey,

A`and means engagingllthe said element to'fprevent longitudinal movement. thereof.

4. "-A -lock `comprising .in combination, ya leasing f'having anl opening,;acylindermovable inthe casing opening and having-allongitudinal keyhole,=aseries of longitudinalspaced tumblers car- -riedby1 thecylindernand normally inK locking en- Jgagement vwith-the casing which tumblers.. have portions in the keyhole for engagementobyan inserted key to move the saidrtumblers out of `5. A lock comprising. in.combination, a casing rhavingan opening, a cylinder movable in the Ycasing opening and havingl a longitudinal key. lhole, tumblers 4carried by the cylinder 4and nor- -mallywin -locki-ng engagement with the casing which tumblers have' portions in the keyhole for f engagement 'by an. inserted key to move the said -tumblers out of their said locking engagement' ,and a longitudinally,extending yspring normally at -least partly Within the keyhole fadjacent the keyfengageable. portions of thel several tumblers andin position to-` obstruct the movement of a Apicking tool intov engagement with the: tumblers Awhich spring is movable Aout of its said obstructing position by an inserted key.

6.A lock comprising .in combination, acasing having anopenng, -a cylindermovable in the .casing -opening .and havinga longitudinal -key- 'nole,l a series of `longitudinally spaced tumblers :carried dby the cylinder and normally in locking engagement-with the casing Whichtumblers have `oppositely facing portions in the keyhole forengagsmentoby anv inserted key to movelthe -said tumblers out of their,.saidlockingengagement, two elements having portions thereof normally within the keyhole and respectively-adjacent the oppositelyfacingkey engageable portions of the tumblers of the said series which elements extend longitudinally past each of the said tumblers in positions to obstruct the movement of a picking tool-into engagement with the said tumblers, the saidv portions ofj the saidelements being transversely movable in opposite directions out of their said obstructing positions by an inserted key, and means engaging the said elements to prevent longitudinal movement thereof.

7. A lock comprising in combination, a casing having an opening, a cylindermovable in the casing opening and having a longitudinal-keyhole, tumblers carried by the cylinder and normally in locking engagement With the casing which tumblers have oppositely` facing portions in the keyholeforengagement by an inserted .keyftormovethesaid tumblers out of vtheir said lockingz engagement, and two'longitudinally extending springs normally at least partly within vthe f. keyhole :and I respectively f adjacent the op- ;positely facing key engageable portions of the :several tumblers andin positions to obstruct the'movement of a. picking tool into engagement `with :the tumblers which springs are movable 'out of their said obstructing positions by an insertedfkey.

v8. A.1ock-for use with a key having a longitudinal iiat wingprovided with a tortuous bit- ,ting groove in one'face thereof which groove is open at its inner end, the said lockcomprising in combiantion, aicasinghaving an opening, a y.cylinder-movable in the casing opening and provided with alongitudinal keyhole including a slot shaped to receive thewing of the key and 4having aflat face adjacent the grooved face of .the said wing, locking tumblers carried by the cylinder and transversely movable parallelly with the said flat face .of the keyhole slot which tumblers are normallyinlocking engagement with the casing, relatively narrow projections on the respective tumblers extending transversely of the direction of relative tumbler movement and into the keyhole slot Awhich l projections enter and substantially t the bitting groove of the key upon insertion thereof, the several said projections being so located with respect to their tumblers l'that the latter are positively moved to unlocking positions by the bitting groove of the key, and means including a spring and engaging the said Yprojections on the tumblers for biasing the tumblers toward their locking positions.

9.A lock for use rwith a key having a longitudinal flat wing provided with a tortuous bitting groove in one face thereof which groove is open at its inner end, the said lock comprising in combination, a casing having an opening, a cylinder `movable in the casing opening and provided with a longitudinal keyhole including a slot shaped to receive the wing vof the key and having a flat face .adjacent the grooved face of thelsaid wing, locking tumblers carried by the cylinder and transverselyv movable parallelly with the said ilat face of the keyhole slot which tumblers are normally vin locking engagement with the casing, relatively narrow projections on the respective tumblers extending transversely of .the direction of relative tumbler movement I and into the keyhole slot 'whichprojectionsventer and substantially fit the bitting groove of the key upon insertion thereof,A the several said projections being so locatedwith respect to their tumblers that the latter lare, positively moved to `unlocking positions .bythe bittingagroove 0f the key, and means n- 'cludinga spring-andrengaging the said projecltionsonthe tumblersfor biasing the tumblers toward their locking positions which means is normally partly within the .keyhole `slot and is positionedfor engagement vby the wing of the key so as to be .moved out .of engagement with the said .projections bythe saidwing when the key is inserted.

10. A lock for usewvith a key having a longitudinal iat lwing provided with a tortuous bitting groove in one face thereof which groove is open at its inner end, thetsaid lock comprising in combina'tion, a casing having: anopening, a cylinder movable inthe casing opening and provided with al longitudinal `keyhole including a slot shaped to receivethe` wing of the -ykey and having a flat face adjacent.' the grooved-` face of the said wing,

.-Vlocking'tumblers carried bythe cylinder .and

9 transversely movable parallelly with the said at face of the keyhole slot which tumblers are normally in locking engagement with the casing, relatively narrow projections on the respective tumblers extending transversely of the direction of relative tumbler movement and into the keyhole slot which projections enter and substantially t the hitting groove of the key upon insertion thereof, the several said projections being so located with respect to their tumblers that the latter are positively moved to unlocking positions by the hittingI groove of the key, a transversely movable har normally engaging the said projections, and a spring engaging the bar to bias it in the direction to normally hold the tumblers in their locking positions.

11. A lock for use with a key having a longitudinal flat wing provided with a tortuous hitting groove in one face thereof which groove is open at its inner end, the said lock comprising in combination, a casing having an opening, a cylinder movable in the casing openingand provided with a longitudinal keyhole including a slot shaped to receive the wing of the key and having a at face adjacent the grooved face of the said wing, locking tumblers carried by the cylinder and transversely movable parallelly with the said iiat face of the keyhole slot which tumblers are normally in locking engagement with the casing, relatively narrow projections on the respective tumblers extending transversely of the direction of relative tumbler movement and into the keyhole slot which projections enter and substantially t the hitting groove of the key upon insertion thereof, the several said projections being so located with respect to their tumblers that the latter are positively moved to unlocking positions by the hitting groove of the key, and a transversely movable har normally within the keyhole slot and engaging the said tumbler projections which bar is spring biased for moving the tumblers toward their locking positions' and which har is positioned for engagement by the wing of the key so as to be moved out of engagement with the said projections by the said wing when the key is inserted.

l2. A lock as set forth in claim l1, wherein the bar has a substantially straight portion which normally engages the tumbler projections and has a portion near the outer end of the keyhole and at an angle to the said straight portion for engagement hy the wing of the key when the key is rst inserted.

13, A lock for use with a key having a longitudinal flat wing provided with a tortuous hitting groove in one face thereof which groove is open at its inner end, the said lock comprising in combination, a casing having an opening, a cylinder movable in the casing opening and provided with a longitudinal keyhole including a slot shaped to receive the wing of the key and having a flat face adjacent the grooved face of the said wing, locking tumblers carried by the cylinder and transversely movable parallelly with the said flat face of the keyhole slot which tumblers are normally in locking engagement with the casing, relatively narrow projections on the respective tumblers extending transversely of the direction of relative tumbler movement and into the keyhole slot which projections enter and substantially t the hitting groove of the key upon insertion thereof, the several said projections being so located with respect to their tumblers that the latter are positively moved to unlocking positions by the hitting groove of the key, and a spring Il() directly engaging at least some of the said tumbler projections for biasing the corresponding tumblers toward their locking positions.

14. A lock for use with a key having a longitudinal fiat wing. provided with a tortuous hitting groove in one face thereof which groove is open at its inner end, the said lock comprising in combination, a casing having an opening, a cylinder movable in the casing opening and provided with a longitudinal keyhole including a slot shaped to receive the wing of the key and having a flat face adjacent the grooved face of the said wing, locking tumblers carried by the cylinder and transversely movable parallelly with the said flat face of the keyhole slot which tumblers are normally in locking engagement with the casing, relatively narrow projections on the respective tumblers extending transversely of the direction of relative tumbler movement and into the keyhole slot which projections enter and substantially fit the hitting groove of the key upon insertion thereof, the several said projections being so located with respect to their tumblers that the latter are positively moved to unlocking positions by the hitting groove of the key, and a spring directly engaging at least some of the said tumbler projections for biasing the corresponding tumblers toward their locking positions, the said spring being located at least in part within the keyhole slot and being positioned for engagement by the wing of the key so as to be ilexed out of engagement with the said projections by the said wing when the key is inserted.

15. A lock for use with a key having a longitudinal fiat wing provided with a tortuous hitting groove in one face thereof which groove is open at its inner end, the said lock comprisingI in combination, a casing having an opening, a cylinder movable in the casing opening and provided with a longitudinal keyhole including a slot shaped to receive the wing of the key and having a flat face adjacent the grooved face of the said wing, locking tumblers carried by the cylinder and transversely movable parallelly with the said flat face of the keyhole slot which tumblers are normally in locking engagement with the casing, relatively narrow projections on the respective tumblers extending transversely of the direction of relative tumbler movement and into the keyhole slot which projections enter and substantially lt the hitting groove of the key upon insertion thereof, the several said projections being so located with respect to their tumblers that the latter are positively moved to unlocking positions by the hitting groove of the key, a spring directly engaging at least some of the said tumbler projections for biasing the corresponding tumblers toward their locking positions, and a second spring directly engaging at least some of the said tumbler projections at the opposite sides thereof.

16. A lock for use with a key having a longitudinal flat wing provided with a tortuous hittinggroove in one face thereof which groove is open at its inner end, the said lock comprising in combination, a casing having an opening, a cylinder movable in the casing opening and provided with a longitudinal keyhole including a slot shaped to receive the wing of the key and having a flat face adjacent the grooved face of the said wing, locking tumblers carried by the cylinder and transversely movable parallelly with the said flat face of the keyhole slot which tumblers are normally in locking engagement with the casing, relatively narrow projections on the respective tumblers extending transversely of the direction of relative tumbler movement and into the key- 1 1 hole slot which projections enter and substantially t the bitting groove of the key upon insertion thereof, the several said projections being so 1ocated with respect to their tumblers that the latter are positively moved to unlocking positions by the hitting groove of the key, and tvvo oppositely acting springs directly engaging at least some of the said tumbler projections at opposite sides thereof one of which springs serves to bias the corresponding tumblers toward their locking positions, the springs being located at least in part Within the keyhole slot and being positioned for engagement by the Wing of the key so as to be moved out of engagement with the said projections by the said wing when the key is inserted.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Number 12 Name Date Taylor Apr. 19, 1904 Taylor Apr. 19, 1904 Roche Mar. 22, 1910 Christoph Nov. 14, 1916 Epstein Oct. 23, 1917 Christoph Dec. 17, 1918 Bennett Jan. 13, 1920 Lotz Apr. 5, 1921 Leich Dec. 19, 1922 Heyer Mar. 12, 1929 Roehrich May 14, 1929 Brun Mar. 7, 1933 Falk May 16, 1933 Smith July 11, 1933 Biemer Oct. 30, 1934 Molnare Mar. 24, 1936 Svoboda Apr. 28, 1936 Olson May 9, 1939 Jacobi May 2, 1944 Honger Sept. l2, 1944 Olson May 8, 1945

US2687639A 1948-06-03 1948-06-03 Cylinder lock and key Expired - Lifetime US2687639A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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DE1172981B (en) * 1963-02-14 1964-06-25 Voss Kg J Cylinder lock with tumblers plattenfoermigen
US3148526A (en) * 1962-04-06 1964-09-15 Briggs & Stratton Corp Swinging key lever tumbler lock
US5582050A (en) * 1991-12-19 1996-12-10 Assa Ab Cylinder lock-key-combination, a key therefor and a method of producing the key from a key blank
US5819566A (en) * 1997-01-29 1998-10-13 International Security Products, Inc. Cylinder lock and key
US5823029A (en) * 1997-01-29 1998-10-20 International Security Products, Inc. Cylinder lock system
US6105404A (en) * 1998-06-30 2000-08-22 Medeco Security Locks, Inc. Squiggle keys and cylinder locks for squiggle keys
US20030037582A1 (en) * 2001-07-02 2003-02-27 Edwards Billy B. Pick-resistant wafer tumbler lock with sidebars
US20040159136A1 (en) * 2001-07-02 2004-08-19 Master Lock Company Pick-resistant wafer tumbler lock with sidebars
US20060075795A1 (en) * 2004-10-05 2006-04-13 Lurie Alan E Key operated lock assembly with restricted keyway slot and keyblank for forming a key usable therewith
US9127480B2 (en) 2009-10-30 2015-09-08 Schlage Lock Company Llc Lock cylinder and key combination

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US2035181A (en) * 1934-04-14 1936-03-24 Dudley Lock Corp Lock
US2039126A (en) * 1934-04-14 1936-04-28 Dudley Lock Corp Lock
US2157142A (en) * 1934-07-09 1939-05-09 Automatic Instr Company Lock key
US2348135A (en) * 1942-09-11 1944-05-02 Briggs & Stratton Corp Pillar lock
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US289284A (en) * 1883-11-27 Thomas lincoln
US758027A (en) * 1903-07-22 1904-04-19 Yale & Towne Mfg Co Pin-lock.
US758026A (en) * 1903-12-18 1904-04-19 Yale & Towne Mfg Co Pin-lock.
US952643A (en) * 1909-11-01 1910-03-22 Eagle Lock Co Keyhole-cover for locks.
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US1244304A (en) * 1917-03-27 1917-10-23 Eli Epstein Cylinder-lock.
US1328074A (en) * 1918-04-17 1920-01-13 Hepburn Ruhl Key-lock
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US1439038A (en) * 1922-05-03 1922-12-19 American Hardware Corp Cover for locks
US1705364A (en) * 1927-01-06 1929-03-12 Yale & Towne Mfg Co Lock
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US1979186A (en) * 1931-03-09 1934-10-30 Biemer Heinrich Lock
US1908701A (en) * 1931-12-22 1933-05-16 Falk Morris Bar holding device for locks
US2035181A (en) * 1934-04-14 1936-03-24 Dudley Lock Corp Lock
US2039126A (en) * 1934-04-14 1936-04-28 Dudley Lock Corp Lock
US2157142A (en) * 1934-07-09 1939-05-09 Automatic Instr Company Lock key
US2358164A (en) * 1941-08-18 1944-09-12 Mefina Sa Cylinder safety lock
US2348135A (en) * 1942-09-11 1944-05-02 Briggs & Stratton Corp Pillar lock
US2375682A (en) * 1943-04-08 1945-05-08 Philip W Olson Cylinder lock

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3148526A (en) * 1962-04-06 1964-09-15 Briggs & Stratton Corp Swinging key lever tumbler lock
DE1172981B (en) * 1963-02-14 1964-06-25 Voss Kg J Cylinder lock with tumblers plattenfoermigen
US5582050A (en) * 1991-12-19 1996-12-10 Assa Ab Cylinder lock-key-combination, a key therefor and a method of producing the key from a key blank
US5819566A (en) * 1997-01-29 1998-10-13 International Security Products, Inc. Cylinder lock and key
US5823029A (en) * 1997-01-29 1998-10-20 International Security Products, Inc. Cylinder lock system
US6105404A (en) * 1998-06-30 2000-08-22 Medeco Security Locks, Inc. Squiggle keys and cylinder locks for squiggle keys
US20030037582A1 (en) * 2001-07-02 2003-02-27 Edwards Billy B. Pick-resistant wafer tumbler lock with sidebars
US20040159136A1 (en) * 2001-07-02 2004-08-19 Master Lock Company Pick-resistant wafer tumbler lock with sidebars
US6978647B2 (en) * 2001-07-02 2005-12-27 Master Lock Company Pick-resistant wafer tumbler lock with sidebars
US20060032280A1 (en) * 2001-07-02 2006-02-16 Master Lock Company Pick-resistant wafer tumbler lock with sidebars
US7225651B2 (en) 2001-07-02 2007-06-05 Master Lock Company Llc Pick-resistant wafer tumbler lock with sidebars
US20060075795A1 (en) * 2004-10-05 2006-04-13 Lurie Alan E Key operated lock assembly with restricted keyway slot and keyblank for forming a key usable therewith
US9127480B2 (en) 2009-10-30 2015-09-08 Schlage Lock Company Llc Lock cylinder and key combination

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