US268017A - Car-coupling - Google Patents

Car-coupling Download PDF

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US268017A
US268017A US268017DA US268017A US 268017 A US268017 A US 268017A US 268017D A US268017D A US 268017DA US 268017 A US268017 A US 268017A
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coupling
car
hook
plate
levers
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61GCOUPLINGS; DRAUGHT AND BUFFING APPLIANCES
    • B61G1/00Couplings comprising interengaging parts of different shape or form and having links, bars, pins, shackles, or hooks as coupling means
    • B61G1/02Couplings comprising interengaging parts of different shape or form and having links, bars, pins, shackles, or hooks as coupling means having links or bars coupling or uncoupling by rotating around a transverse horizontal axis
    • B61G1/06Couplings comprising interengaging parts of different shape or form and having links, bars, pins, shackles, or hooks as coupling means having links or bars coupling or uncoupling by rotating around a transverse horizontal axis and coupling when the coupling halves are pushed together

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  • My invention relates to car-couplin gs adapted to be coupled automatically; and to this end my invention consists of a peculiar-shaped coupling-hook pivoted to the under side ofthe draw-head, having a rod attached to the head thereof, and by which said hook is operated to uncouple the cars, said rod being made to extend rearward beneath the draw-head, and is connected to the center of a spring-plate, which plate extends transversely across the bottom of the car. Behind this spring-plate are arranged two levers, which extend in a parallel direction with said plate, and which are pivoted toward the center of the bottom of the car.
  • Figure 1 will be found to represent an inverted or under side view of twoladjacent railroad-cars with my invention applied thereto, and Fig. 2 alongitudinal central section thereof; Fig. 3, a detached view of thecoupling-hook.
  • a A represent the bottoms of two adjacent Through the under portion of the draw-heads tion.
  • a slot, 0, in which works the coupling-hook D is formed, as shown in Fig. 3, with a curved front, d, through which the bolt 6, which secures the same to the draw-head, is received, and a slanting rear end, d.
  • a rod, E which extends rearward centrally of the car and beneath the same.
  • This rod after extending back some distance, is bolted to the center of a spring-plate, F, which extends transversely across the bottom of the car, and is held in position by loop-bolts or yokes ff at each side of the car.
  • J ustbehind this spring-plate are arranged, in a parallel direction to said plate, two levers, Gr G, pivoted to the bottom of the car by bolts g g.
  • These levers are of such length that the outside ends thereof extend slightly beyond the edges or sides of the car, and are for the purpose of manipulating the coupling-hook to uncouple the cars, as will hereinafter appear.
  • the coupling-hook when in position, rests in an inclined position, the rear end resting within or against the recess 1), formed in the under side of the top of the draw-heads.
  • a stop, 11, is formed withinthe drawheads to prevent the too far insertion of the coupling-links.
  • the coupling-hook is kept in position--that is, with the end 61 up against the top of the draw-head-by the spring-plate F, actin gthrough the connecting-rod E to draw the said hook back.
  • the coupling-link L when entering the draw-head, rides upon and presses against the curved face d of the coupling-hook, and, impinging. against the top of the draw-head, finally forces the hook down, and. then drops behind the same, the springplate F returning the hook to its normal posi- To uncouple the cars or release the couplinghook and permit the withdrawal of the link, one of the levers G is forced back.
  • the inner end thereof coming against the spring-plate F said plate is forced forward, and carrying with it the connecting-rod E, the hook D is raised, as is apparent. This completes the operation of the parts.
  • the object of the levers G is to form a means for uncoupling the cars at the sides thereof.
  • levers may simply slightly project beyond the sides of the cars, as shown in Fig. 1, or a chain or rope may be connected thereto, which, running over pulleys, may be so arranged to enable the uncoupling to be operated or performed from the top, sides, end, or other position of the car. All the couplings may also by this provision be operated by the engineer, and by a simple arrangement of lever pivoted vertically through the bottom of the car and engaging at its lower end with the end of the lever G the couplin g may be operated from the interior of the car.

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Description

(No Model.)
s. A.HAU'SER.
GAR COUPLING. I No. 268,017. I Patented Nov. 28, 1882.
Invent-01".-
UNIT D STATES PATENT UFFIQE,
SAMUEL A. HAUSER, OFWINSTON, NORTH CAROLINA.
CAR-COUPLING.
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 268,017, dated November 28, 1882, Application filed May 20, 1882. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, SAMUEL ALEXANDER HAUSER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Winston, in the county of Forsyth and State of North Carolina, have invented certain new and. useful Improvements in Oar-(looplings; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to car-couplin gs adapted to be coupled automatically; and to this end my invention consists of a peculiar-shaped coupling-hook pivoted to the under side ofthe draw-head, having a rod attached to the head thereof, and by which said hook is operated to uncouple the cars, said rod being made to extend rearward beneath the draw-head, and is connected to the center of a spring-plate, which plate extends transversely across the bottom of the car. Behind this spring-plate are arranged two levers, which extend in a parallel direction with said plate, and which are pivoted toward the center of the bottom of the car. The outside ends of these levers project slightly beyond the sides of the car, and the inside ends thereof impinge against the springplate when said levers are drawn back, which operate to force said spring-plate forward and through the rod attached thereto and to the coupling-hook, raise the coupling-hook, .and permit the withdrawal of the coupling-link, the point of invention upon which the claim is based being the combination, in acar-couplin g, with the pivoted coupling-hook having a rod attached to the head thereof, of the springplate and pivoted levers operating against said plate.
Referring to the drawings forming part of this application, and in which similar letters of reference indicate like parts in the several views, Figure 1 will be found to represent an inverted or under side view of twoladjacent railroad-cars with my invention applied thereto, and Fig. 2 alongitudinal central section thereof; Fig. 3, a detached view of thecoupling-hook.
A A represent the bottoms of two adjacent Through the under portion of the draw-heads tion.
is formed a slot, 0, in which works the coupling-hook D. This coupling-hook is formed, as shown in Fig. 3, with a curved front, d, through which the bolt 6, which secures the same to the draw-head, is received, and a slanting rear end, d. To the bottom of the front end, (1, of the hook D is secured a rod, E, which extends rearward centrally of the car and beneath the same. This rod, after extending back some distance, is bolted to the center of a spring-plate, F, which extends transversely across the bottom of the car, and is held in position by loop-bolts or yokes ff at each side of the car. J ustbehind this spring-plate are arranged, in a parallel direction to said plate, two levers, Gr G, pivoted to the bottom of the car by bolts g g. These levers are of such length that the outside ends thereof extend slightly beyond the edges or sides of the car, and are for the purpose of manipulating the coupling-hook to uncouple the cars, as will hereinafter appear. The coupling-hook, when in position, rests in an inclined position, the rear end resting within or against the recess 1), formed in the under side of the top of the draw-heads. Thus an inclined face is presented to the incoming coupling-link, as shown at d. A stop, 11, is formed withinthe drawheads to prevent the too far insertion of the coupling-links. The coupling-hook is kept in position--that is, with the end 61 up against the top of the draw-head-by the spring-plate F, actin gthrough the connecting-rod E to draw the said hook back. The coupling-link L, when entering the draw-head, rides upon and presses against the curved face d of the coupling-hook, and, impinging. against the top of the draw-head, finally forces the hook down, and. then drops behind the same, the springplate F returning the hook to its normal posi- To uncouple the cars or release the couplinghook and permit the withdrawal of the link, one of the levers G is forced back. The inner end thereof coming against the spring-plate F, said plate is forced forward, and carrying with it the connecting-rod E, the hook D is raised, as is apparent. This completes the operation of the parts.
The object of the levers G is to form a means for uncoupling the cars at the sides thereof.
Therefore the necessity to go between said cars is obviated. These levers may simply slightly project beyond the sides of the cars, as shown in Fig. 1, or a chain or rope may be connected thereto, which, running over pulleys, may be so arranged to enable the uncoupling to be operated or performed from the top, sides, end, or other position of the car. All the couplings may also by this provision be operated by the engineer, and by a simple arrangement of lever pivoted vertically through the bottom of the car and engaging at its lower end with the end of the lever G the couplin g may be operated from the interior of the car.
. By thisconstruction and arrangement herein shown and described a simple and effective means is provided for automatically coupling railroad-cars, and one that overcomes the objection of the dangerous practiceof entering between the cars to couple or uncouple the 20 same.
Having thus fully described my invention, its construction, operation, advantages, 850., what I claim as new, and desire to secure protection by Letters Patent of the United States 25 upon, is-
In a car-coupling, in combination with the pivoted coupling-hook, the spring-plate extending transversely across the bottom of the car, connecting-rod, and pivoted levers, con- 0 structed and arranged as hereinbefore described, for the purposes specified.
SAMUEL A. l-IAUSER.
In presence of- CHARLES S. HAUSER, N. S. 000K.
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