US2668890A - Device for extinguishing electrical arcs - Google Patents

Device for extinguishing electrical arcs Download PDF

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US2668890A
US2668890A US188148A US18814850A US2668890A US 2668890 A US2668890 A US 2668890A US 188148 A US188148 A US 188148A US 18814850 A US18814850 A US 18814850A US 2668890 A US2668890 A US 2668890A
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arc
plates
space
conductive elements
extinguishing
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US188148A
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Latour Andre
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Merlin Gerin SA
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Merlin Gerin SA
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H9/00Details of switching devices, not covered by groups H01H1/00 - H01H7/00
    • H01H9/30Means for extinguishing or preventing arc between current-carrying parts
    • H01H9/34Stationary parts for restricting or subdividing the arc, e.g. barrier plate
    • H01H9/341Barrier plates carrying electrodes

Description

Feb. 9, 1954 LATOUR' 2,668,890

DEVICE FOR EXTINGUISHING ELECTRICAL ARCS Filed Oct. 5, 1950 3 Sheets-Sheet. l

1 I I I I,

l I 1 I r r lnv entor A dre' LATOUR MM M AH orney Feb. 9, 1954 A. LATOUR DEVICE FOR EXTINGUISHING ELECTRICAL. ARCS 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Oct. 3, 1950 aiti Inventor A n a r LAT o u R Attorney Feb. 9, 1954 LATOUR 2,668,890

"DEVICE FOR EXTINGUISHING ELECTRICAL ARCS Filed Oct. 5, 1950 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Inventor Attorney Patented Feb. 9, 1954 Andr Latour, Grenoble, France, assignor to .The

Etablissements v:Mer hn & Gerin (Societe Ano- .nyme),, Grenoble, .France, a corporation of France Applicationflctober 3,1950, Serial No. 188,148

Claims priority, application France October 13, 1949 7 Glaims.

The invention refers "to circuit "breakers of the type in which the arc is drawn between separable contact members contained in an arc formation chamber provided with means for expanding, until extinction, the are into and within an arc extinguishing chamber contiguous with the arc formation chamber.

More particularly the invention is concerned with a. development of an arc extinguishing chamber which makes possible in a circuit breaker to be employed for heavy currents and high voltages to expand or elongate peripherally the arc to a multiple of its initial length.

It is a further object of the invention to provide such a circuit breaker with are extinguishing means which as to their dimensions are not limited by the dimensions and configuration of the circuit breaker proper but, contrariwise, allow for ready adaptation of the arc extinguishing means to the various requirements of voltage and current or power to be disconnected.

The device of the invention makes use of an arc extinguishing chamber which includes at least two parallel plates of insulating material, spaced apart from one another to leave a narrow space therebetween and disposed substantially transversely of the direction of separation of the contacts .or the initial direction of the arc. It is a particular object of the invention to provide .in this device the plates with linearly extended conductive elements or paths which not only draw a section of the are into th space between the plates and turn it around into a position substantially perpendicular to its initial path but cause the section of the arc to expand peripherally to a loop of a length which is a multiple of the greatest distance between the conductive elements.

The device for extinguishing an electric arc to be drawn between separable contact members thus includes at least two plates of insulating material, spaced apart from each other to leave a narrow space therebetween and disposed substantially transversely of the direction of separation of the contacts, or the initial direction of the arc. Each plate is provided on both its faces with conductive elements or paths so disposed that they not only draw the are into the narrow space, or the arc in sections into the narrow spaces between the plates, but turn the are vention are linearly extended and project into the space between the plates, laterally and along the surfaces of the plates, "and terminate within the space at a point intermediate the entrance and the exit of the spaceand are'so disposed upon opposite faces of each plate and upon the faces oi opposite plates within each space so as to diverge relatively to each other.

Through this arrangement the roots of the are or are sections progress into the space or spaces only part-ways until they reach the terminal points of the conductive elements or paths whereupon the "are or the arc sections will expand peripherally to a multiple of their lengths within the space or the spaces until extinction.

In the arrangement of this are extinguishing device where an arc extinguishing chamber is contiguous to an arc formation chamber wherein the arc is ignite-d or drawn by interruptionof the current, the "arcformation chamber may consist of two parallel insulating plates between which the contacts of the switch are located, the insulating plates with the contacts t-hereb'etween being placed between the branches 'of a magnetic circuit in the shape of 'a horseshoe. This magnet, owing to th narrow air gap within which the contacts are disposed between the insulating plates, is capable of driving the ignited arc with great force into the arc extinguishing chamber.

This chamber consists of a certain number of insulating plates and conductive elements or paths which in the form hereinafter illustrated are generally in the shape 'of a V, its branches or legs embracing or straddling the individual insulating plates and extending along both sides and faces of the insulating plates which themselves are extended transversely of the initial path of the arc. These conductive elements are so placed that in the space between neighboring plates conductive elements on opposite faces diverge relatively to each other.

In this manner, on its way out of the are 'formaticn chamber, the ignited arc is split into as many sections as there are conductiv elements or paths plus one, and each section on its travel "along the branches or legs of the conductive elements or paths .is turned around an angle of about with relation to the axis of the initial arc. Conductive elements alternating with are sections thus form from that very momenta veritable solenoid which through it's electrodynamic effect brings a powerful blow -out action on each one of the elementary arc-sections which now are easily displaced and extended in the spaces between each two insulating plates.

The invention and its mode of application will now be described more in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a cross sectional view of a device con- :tructed in accordance with the present inven- Fig. 2 is a section taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1; and

Fig. 3 is a schematic representation showing the formation of the solenoid during the blow out.

In Figs. 1 and 2 the fixed and movable contacts are respectively represented by I and 2. The two contacts are located inside the are formation chamber formed by two parallel plates 3 and 4 made of insulating material.

In order to develop the ignited are more rapidly than the movement of the movable contact would allow there may be placed within the arc formation chamber an arcing contact 5 con.-

nected either permanently, as in the embodiment represented in the drawing, or temporarily, to the movable contact 2. The fixed contact I is connected in series with the blow out coil 8 which in its turn is connected to one of the terminals I of the circuit breaker. The coil 6 acts upon the magnetic core 8 whose legs 9 and Ill enclose the arc formation chamber. One may, if necessary, provide, although this is not shown on the drawing, in a symmetrical arrangement a second blow out coil connected to the arcing contact 5.

On the upper parts of plates 3 and 4, thus above the arc formation chamber, there is arranged a set of plates II, transversely of the contacts I, 2, 5, and of the insulating plates 3, 4, and in a space which constitutes the are extinction chamber. Each plate II is provided with a piece of metal I2, generally in the form of a V, formed by two branches or legs I3 and I4 which extend laterally in opposite directions along the front and rear faces, respectively, of each plate II. To this end, the pieces I2 are warped at their apexes and are passed each through a notch I5 of inverted V-shape of the appertaining insulating plate II. The pieces I2 thus straddle each with its apex the notched edges of the insulating plates II. The linearly extended metal elements or conductive paths I3, I4 terminate at points intermediate the entrance into and the exit out of the spaces between each pair of insulating plates. The metal strips may be extended into the arc formation chamber by means of a notched extension It in the shape of a V, for thus securing the centering of the arc in the median plane of the device.

Furthermore, each insulating plate II bears on each of its faces a re-enforcing layer or rib II, the ribs on both faces of a plate being diametrically opposed each other and facing opposite directions. These ribs H or layers constitute at the same time a spacer and an abutment between each two adjacent plates and simultaneously, as Fig. 2 illustrates, a rest or support each for one leg, I3 or I4 respectively, of the V-shaped conductive element. By means of the ribs H, the plates II can be stacked with fixed and regular spacing and the whole stack or set of plates II then be enclosed between two terminal plates I8. Two insulating side plates 2| allow the assembly of the whole device and the closing of the chamber. The plates II are thus held firmly against any displacement and so are, within each of the spaces I9 between successive plates II, the V-shaped conductive elements, secured against downward displacement by the ribs I1 and against upward displacement by means of the edges of the notches I5 which the V-shaped conductive elements straddle. It will be realized that the space I9 between each two successive plates I I of the set encloses simultaneously the laterally and oppositely extended legs I3 and I4, respectively, of the successive conductive elements I2 associated with these two successive insulating plates.

When on breaking a circuit an arc is ignited between the contacts I and 2, the blow out coil 6 will rapidly draw out or expand the are between the fixed contact I and the arcing contact 5 and guide it towards the top between the walls 3 and 4 of the arc formation chamber. On coming into contact with the extensions I6 of the metal pieces I2, the arc subdivides into sections between successive metal pieces I2 and the arc sections will continue their upward movement along the branches or legs I3 and I4 of the V-shaped metal strips until the roots of the arc sections reach the terminal points of the conductive legs I3, I I, or paths, part-ways within the spaces I9. The are sections between these terminal points or substantially stationary roots will now expand peripherally and elongate as an arc loop of a length which is a multiple of the distance between these terminal points. During this movement and development of the arc sections in the spaces I9, each arc section is turned round an angle of about with regard to the initial path of the are so that each arc section in the space I9 between adjacent plates is approximately in a plane parallel to the two insulating plates II. As soon as the angular displacement is completed the whole of alternating arc sections and conductive elements or paths I2 forms a solenoid which enhance the tendency of each one of the arc sections to expand within the space I9. A considerable elongation of each arc section and, as a result, of the whole of the arc is rapidly achieved.

Fig. 3 illustrates at 20 the final positions of such are sections. For a clearer illustration the insulating plates I I on the drawing are shown to be much i'arther apart than actually. The whole of arc sections 20 and metal pieces or conductive elements, alternating therewith, constitutes, as illustrated, a solenoidal path, the arc portions or are loops of whose convolutions are separated from one another by means of the plates I I.

Having now particularly described and ascertained the nature of my said invention and in what manner the same is to be performed, I declare that what I claim is:

1. A device for extinguishing an electric arc to be drawn between separable contact members, said device including an arc formation chamber and contiguous therewith an arc extinguishing chamber, said are formation chamber containing said separable contact members and means for expanding said are into said are extinguishing chamber, said are extinguishing chamber includ ing at least two parallel plates of insulating material, spaced apart from one another to leave a narrow space therebetween and disposed substantially transversely of the direction of separation of said contacts, each plate provided with a linearly extended conductive element projecting into said space between the plates laterally along the surfaces thereof from the entrance into said space and adjoining said are formation chamber, said conductive elements terminating within said space at a point intermediate the entrance and the exit of said space, the conductive elements disposed upon the opposite faces of each plate diverging relatively to each other; thereby to drawra section of said are into said space, turn ltzround into .a position substantially perpendicular to its initial path, moveitalong said diverging conductive elements and, when it has .reached the terminating points thereof, cause it to expand peripherally within saidspace and between said terminating points until extinction.

2. A device for extinguishing an electric arc to be drawn between separable contact members, said device including an arc formation chamber and contiguous therewith an arc extinguishing chamber, said are formation chamber containing said separable contact members and magnetic means disposed for causing the are drawn between said contact members to expand into said are extinguishing chamber; said are extinguishing chamber including a set of parallel plates of insulating material spaced apart from one another to leave narrow spaces therebetween, said plates disposed substantially transversely of the direction of separation of said contact members; each plate provided with a linearly extended conductive element projecting into the space between adjacent ones of said plates laterally along the surfaces thereof from the entrance into each of said spaces and adjoining said are formation chamber, said conductive elements terminating within said spaces at points intermediate the entrances and the exits thereof; the conductive elements disposed upon the opposite faces of each plate diverging relatively to each other; thereby to draw said are in sections into said spaces, turn said sections round into positions substantially parallel to said plates, move said sections along said diverging conductive elements and, when they have reached the terminating points thereof, cause them to establish within said spaces peripherally expanding arc loops between said terminating points of the conductive elements disposed, within each space, upon the faces of opposite plates.

3. A device for extinguishing an electric arc to be drawn between separable contact members, said device including an arc formation chamber and contiguous therewith an arc extinguishing chamber, said are formation chamber containing said separable contact members and means for expanding said are into said are extinguishing chamber, said are extinguishing chamber including at least two parallel plates of insulating material, spaced apart from one another to leave a narrow space therebetween and disposed substantially transversely of the direction of separation of said contacts, each plate provided with a linearly extended conductive element projecting into said space between said plates laterally along the surfaces thereof from the entrance into said space and adjoining said are formation chamber, said linearly extended conductive elements being of v-shape, each V-shaped element straddling with its legs its plate and with its apex disposed in proximity to said are formation chamber, the legs of opposite V-shaped elements in each space projecting laterally in opposite directions; thereby to draw a section of said arc into said space, turn it round into a position substantially perpendicular to its initial path and cause said are section to expand within said space.

4. A device for extinguishing an electric arc to be drawn between separable contact members, said device including at least two spaced parallel plates of insulating material disposed transversely of the direction of separation of said contact members, said plates having along their faces conductive means disposed and adapted to draw the are into the space between said plates and turn .it round into a position substantially paralleltosaid plates; 'the'conductive means disposed, within :said space, upon the faces "of the oppositeplates diverging relatively to eachother and terminating within said space at intermediate-points thereof, thereby to cause the arc to form a peripherally expanding curved path in :said space.

5. A device for extinguishing an electric arc to be drawn between separable contact members, said device including a setof parallel plates of insulating material spaced *apart from one another to leave narrow spaces therebetween; said plates having conductive linearly extended elements along both their faces and bridging the same, said conductive elements disposed and adapted to draw the arc in sections into said spaces and turn said sections round into positions substantially parallel to said plates; said conductive, linearly extended elements terminating within each of said spaces at intermediate points thereof, opposite elements within each of said spaces diverging relatively to each other, said conductive elements alternating with arc sections thus constituting a composite solenoidal path, the convolutions of said solenoidal path individually extending into the spaces between said plates so as to cause the arc sections to expand therein peripherally in the form of arc loops until extinction.

6. A device for extinguishing an arc between at least two parallel plates of insulating material spaced apart from one another to leave a narrow space therebetween, said plates arranged substantially perpendicular to the initial path of the arc, said plates being provided with conductive elements at their surfaces inside the space for establishing a section of said are between said conductive elements as terminals, said conductive elements being linearly and laterally extended along said plates into said space and disposed so as to terminate at a point intermediate thereof, the conductive elements Within said space and disposed upon the faces of the opposite plates diverging relatively to each other; thereby to guide the displacement of the arc into said space and cause peripheral expansion of the arc therein while turning the are round into a position substantially perpendicular to its initial path; said conductive elements being further shaped and adapted to form with the displaced, turned and peripherally expanding are a looped path inside the space between said plates.

7. A device for extinguishing an arc between a set of parallel plates of insulating material spaced apart from one another to leave narrow spaces therebetween, said plates arranged substantially perpendicular to the initial path of the arc, said plates being provided with conductive elements inside said spaces and disposed at both faces of the plates and bridging the same; thereby to cause said are to establish itself in sections between said conductive elements as terminals; said conductive elements being linearly and laterally extended into the spaces for guiding displacement and expansion Of the arc sections into and within said spaces while turning the arc sections round into positions substantially perpendicular to the initial path of the are; said conductive elements terminating at intermediate points of said spaces, the conductive elements upon opposite faces within each of said spaces being disposed so as to diverge relatively to each other; conductive elements alternating with the dis- 7 placed and turned arc sections thus constituting Number a composite solenoidal path, the convolutions of 1,896,779 the solenoidal path individually extending into 2,167,499 the spaces between said plates so as to cause the 2,306,204 arc sections to expand therein peripherally in 5 2,564,178 form of arc loops until extinction. 2,568,377

ANDRE LATOUR.

References Cited in the file of this patent 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS 8 Number Name Date 1,888,707 Todd Nov. 22, 1932 Name Date Lingal Feb. 7, 1933 Dickinson July 25, 1939 Boehne Dec. 22, 1942 Stroebel Aug. 14, 1951 Zajic Sept. 18, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Switzerland Nov. 1. 1948

US188148A 1949-10-13 1950-10-03 Device for extinguishing electrical arcs Expired - Lifetime US2668890A (en)

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FR291021X 1949-10-13
FR754276X 1953-06-17

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US188148A Expired - Lifetime US2668890A (en) 1949-10-13 1950-10-03 Device for extinguishing electrical arcs
US360299A Expired - Lifetime US2750476A (en) 1949-10-13 1953-06-08 Method and device for extinguishing electrical arcs in circuit breakers
US360300A Expired - Lifetime US2707739A (en) 1949-10-13 1953-06-08 Extinguishing device for electrical arcs
US434801A Expired - Lifetime US2783336A (en) 1949-10-13 1954-06-07 Arc extinguishing chamber

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US360299A Expired - Lifetime US2750476A (en) 1949-10-13 1953-06-08 Method and device for extinguishing electrical arcs in circuit breakers
US360300A Expired - Lifetime US2707739A (en) 1949-10-13 1953-06-08 Extinguishing device for electrical arcs
US434801A Expired - Lifetime US2783336A (en) 1949-10-13 1954-06-07 Arc extinguishing chamber

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US (4) US2668890A (en)
BE (1) BE498021A (en)
CH (2) CH291021A (en)
DE (3) DE975815C (en)
FR (5) FR1000691A (en)
GB (3) GB702834A (en)

Cited By (11)

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US2816992A (en) * 1954-11-26 1957-12-17 Westinghouse Electric Corp Circuit interrupters
US2868927A (en) * 1956-05-03 1959-01-13 Ite Circuit Breaker Ltd Solenoid interrupter
US2933574A (en) * 1954-04-26 1960-04-19 Westinghouse Electric Corp Circuit interrupters
US3187123A (en) * 1961-04-03 1965-06-01 Scully Anthony Corp Binary key identifier for machine tools
US3662133A (en) * 1969-02-18 1972-05-09 Westinghouse Electric Corp Space-plate arc-chute for an air-break circuit breaker
US4041356A (en) * 1973-12-20 1977-08-09 Merlin Gerin Air-break circuit interrupter having magnetically-assisted arc-dividing electrodes
US5616898A (en) * 1994-04-22 1997-04-01 Gec Alsthom T & D Sa Medium-voltage or high-voltage circuit-breaker
US6479781B1 (en) * 2000-06-23 2002-11-12 General Electric Company Arc chute assembly for circuit breaker mechanisms
US9845599B2 (en) 2014-04-23 2017-12-19 Nucor Corporation Structural steel decking system and method of securing
US9863146B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2018-01-09 Nucor Corporation Structural panel systems with a nested sidelap and method of securing
US10370851B2 (en) 2016-03-21 2019-08-06 Nucor Corporation Structural systems with improved sidelap and buckling spans

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DE1010606B (en) * 1953-09-01 1957-06-19 Calor Emag Elektrizitaets Ag Magnetic switch for AC and DC
DE1019367B (en) * 1953-12-23 1957-11-14 Siemens Ag Switch with arc extinguishing chamber
US2866043A (en) * 1955-08-23 1958-12-23 Westinghouse Electric Corp Circuit breaker
FR1132254A (en) * 1955-09-22 1957-03-07 Merlin Gerin Improvements to arc chutes for circuit breakers
FR1133074A (en) * 1955-10-04 1957-03-20 Merlin Gerin Improvements to load interrupter switches for
DE1064589B (en) * 1955-11-10 1959-09-03 Licentia Gmbh Electrical switch with arc extinguishing chamber and with magnetic blowout
DE1031866B (en) * 1956-10-20 1958-06-12 Voigt & Haeffner Ag Arc quenching device for electrical switches
US2967220A (en) * 1958-11-18 1961-01-03 Westinghouse Electric Corp Circuit interrupters
DE1146159B (en) * 1959-04-21 1963-03-28 Hugo Miebach G M B H Arc chamber for electric switching devices with permanent blow-out magnets
US3128359A (en) * 1960-01-06 1964-04-07 Westinghouse Electric Corp Circuit interrupters having arc extinguishing means
US3033961A (en) * 1960-05-04 1962-05-08 Ite Circuit Breaker Ltd Serpentine corrugated arc product coolers
FR1269359A (en) * 1960-07-01 1961-08-11 Merlin Gerin Improvements to an arc extinguishing device
FR1269360A (en) * 1960-07-01 1961-08-11 Merlin Gerin Improvements to an arc extinguishing device
FR1269356A (en) * 1960-07-01 1961-08-11 Merlin Gerin Improvements to an arc extinguishing device
FR1269358A (en) * 1960-07-01 1961-08-11 Merlin Gerin Method and arc extinguishing device
US3151273A (en) * 1961-12-27 1964-09-29 Gen Electric Current limiting lightning arrester with porous gap structure
US3151274A (en) * 1961-12-27 1964-09-29 Gen Electric Current limiting lightning arrester using porous material in the gap structure
CH396181A (en) * 1962-11-28 1965-07-31 Bbc Brown Boveri & Cie The spark gap arrangement for surge arresters
US3322995A (en) * 1965-04-26 1967-05-30 Globe Union Inc Electronic component and method of manufacture thereof
US3403239A (en) * 1965-05-24 1968-09-24 Square D Co Electromagnetically-operated air-break, clapper-type high-voltage contactor
GB2084402B (en) * 1980-09-17 1984-05-02 Gec Elliott Automation Ltd Circuit breaker arc chute

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US1888707A (en) * 1928-07-14 1932-11-22 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Circuit interrupter
US1896779A (en) * 1931-01-24 1933-02-07 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Circuit interrupter
US2167499A (en) * 1937-01-29 1939-07-25 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Disconnecting switch
US2306204A (en) * 1939-10-11 1942-12-22 Gen Electric Electric arc extinguishing apparatus
CH253098A (en) * 1946-07-29 1948-02-15 Bbc Brown Boveri & Cie Horns switch with radio chamber.
US2564178A (en) * 1945-06-08 1951-08-14 Howard M Strobel Deion circuit breaker
US2568377A (en) * 1947-07-14 1951-09-18 Czechoslovak Metal & Engineeri Magnetic switch

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DE444505C (en) * 1925-07-19 1927-05-20 Voigt & Haeffner Ag Switch with blowout
CH138996A (en) * 1928-01-18 1930-03-31 Delle Atel Const Electr blowing shaft for breaking electrical circuits devices.
DE533471C (en) * 1930-04-02 1931-09-12 Ig Farbenindustrie Ag A process for the preparation of Oxydiphenylindolderivaten
CH165267A (en) * 1932-07-29 1933-11-15 Oerlikon Maschf Equipment for arc extinction in switches with horns electrodes.
DE710229C (en) * 1940-04-20 1941-09-08 Aeg Arc extinguishing device for switch
CH230575A (en) * 1941-05-21 1944-01-15 Licentia Gmbh Electrical circuit breaker for high-voltage direct current.
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US2436189A (en) * 1945-09-17 1948-02-17 Gen Electric Arc extinguishing device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1888707A (en) * 1928-07-14 1932-11-22 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Circuit interrupter
US1896779A (en) * 1931-01-24 1933-02-07 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Circuit interrupter
US2167499A (en) * 1937-01-29 1939-07-25 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Disconnecting switch
US2306204A (en) * 1939-10-11 1942-12-22 Gen Electric Electric arc extinguishing apparatus
US2564178A (en) * 1945-06-08 1951-08-14 Howard M Strobel Deion circuit breaker
CH253098A (en) * 1946-07-29 1948-02-15 Bbc Brown Boveri & Cie Horns switch with radio chamber.
US2568377A (en) * 1947-07-14 1951-09-18 Czechoslovak Metal & Engineeri Magnetic switch

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2933574A (en) * 1954-04-26 1960-04-19 Westinghouse Electric Corp Circuit interrupters
US2816992A (en) * 1954-11-26 1957-12-17 Westinghouse Electric Corp Circuit interrupters
US2868927A (en) * 1956-05-03 1959-01-13 Ite Circuit Breaker Ltd Solenoid interrupter
US3187123A (en) * 1961-04-03 1965-06-01 Scully Anthony Corp Binary key identifier for machine tools
US3662133A (en) * 1969-02-18 1972-05-09 Westinghouse Electric Corp Space-plate arc-chute for an air-break circuit breaker
US4041356A (en) * 1973-12-20 1977-08-09 Merlin Gerin Air-break circuit interrupter having magnetically-assisted arc-dividing electrodes
US5616898A (en) * 1994-04-22 1997-04-01 Gec Alsthom T & D Sa Medium-voltage or high-voltage circuit-breaker
US6479781B1 (en) * 2000-06-23 2002-11-12 General Electric Company Arc chute assembly for circuit breaker mechanisms
US9845599B2 (en) 2014-04-23 2017-12-19 Nucor Corporation Structural steel decking system and method of securing
US10465384B2 (en) 2014-04-23 2019-11-05 Nucor Corporation Structural decking system
US9863146B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2018-01-09 Nucor Corporation Structural panel systems with a nested sidelap and method of securing
US10316519B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2019-06-11 Nucor Corporation Structural panel systems with a nested sidelap and method of securing
US10370851B2 (en) 2016-03-21 2019-08-06 Nucor Corporation Structural systems with improved sidelap and buckling spans

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DE1155840B (en) 1963-10-17
FR65047E (en) 1956-01-25
GB702834A (en) 1954-01-27
GB754276A (en) 1956-08-08
CH305648A (en) 1955-02-28
US2783336A (en) 1957-02-26
US2750476A (en) 1956-06-12
DE1014623B (en) 1957-08-29
GB723837A (en) 1955-02-09
FR61399E (en) 1955-04-26
CH291021A (en) 1953-05-31
BE498021A (en)
DE975815C (en) 1962-10-04
US2707739A (en) 1955-05-03
FR72633E (en) 1960-04-22
FR1000691A (en) 1952-02-14
FR62384E (en) 1955-06-14

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