US2662477A - Hydraulic time-delay device for high-pressure liquid-fuel-supply pumps - Google Patents

Hydraulic time-delay device for high-pressure liquid-fuel-supply pumps Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2662477A
US2662477A US234268A US23426851A US2662477A US 2662477 A US2662477 A US 2662477A US 234268 A US234268 A US 234268A US 23426851 A US23426851 A US 23426851A US 2662477 A US2662477 A US 2662477A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
pressure
fuel
delay
valve
pump
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US234268A
Inventor
Joseph A Logan
George D Robinson
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Gilbarco Inc
Original Assignee
Gilbert and Barker Manufacturing Co Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Gilbert and Barker Manufacturing Co Inc filed Critical Gilbert and Barker Manufacturing Co Inc
Priority to US234268A priority Critical patent/US2662477A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2662477A publication Critical patent/US2662477A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M37/00Apparatus or systems for feeding liquid fuel from storage containers to carburettors or fuel-injection apparatus; Arrangements for purifying liquid fuel specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M37/0011Constructional details; Manufacturing or assembly of elements of fuel systems; Materials therefor
    • F02M37/0023Valves in the fuel supply and return system
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23KFEEDING FUEL TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS
    • F23K5/00Feeding or distributing other fuel to combustion apparatus
    • F23K5/02Liquid fuel
    • F23K5/04Feeding or distributing systems using pumps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7837Direct response valves [i.e., check valve type]
    • Y10T137/7838Plural
    • Y10T137/7842Diverse types
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7837Direct response valves [i.e., check valve type]
    • Y10T137/7869Biased open

Description

Dec. 15, 1953 J A. LOGAN El AL HYDRAULIC TIME-DELAY DEVICE FOR HIGH-PRESSURE LIQUID-FUEL-SUPPLY PUMPS Filed June 29 195-1 INVENTORS JbJEPl/A..Z06fl/V AND 650205 fl. Ros/#50 BY 4 7/ ATTORNEYS Patented Dec. 15, i953 HYDRAULIC TIME-DELAY DEVICE FOR HIGH-PRESSURE LIQUID-FUEL-SUP- PLY PUMPS Joseph A. Logan, Hadley, and George D. Robinson, Agawam, Mass, Barker Manufacturing field, Masa,
assignors to Gilbert & Company, West Springa corporation of Massachusetts Application June 29, 1951, Serial N0. 234,268 3 Claims. (Cl. 103--42) This invention relates to an improved hydraulic time-delay device, which is adapted for connection to opposite sides of a pump, such for example, as one used for supplying liquid fuel under high pressure to the atomizing nozzle of an oil burner.
The invention has for its object the provision of a tirne-delay device of comparatively simple and inexpensive construction that can be sold to dealers or distributors of oil burners and attached, without requiring special skill, to oil burners, regardless of make or construction, so long as they utilize a high-pressure fuel-supply pump, and that will materially improve the operation of the burner and enable higher emciency of combustion to be obtained.
More particularly, the invention is adapted to be applied to an oil burner of the pressure-atomizing type, adapted for house-heating service. Such burners customarily have positively-acting fuel pumps, which have a pumping rate far in excess of that at which the fuel is consumed, the major part or" the pumped fuel being bypassed. These pumps, if started simultaneously with the air-supply fan, build up the required high-atomizing pressure, say 1% p. s. i., very rapidly, almost instantaneously, and long before the fan, which is non-positive in action, can get the air moving past the fuel nozzle at the rate necessary to secure good combustion. Consequently, the fuel-air during the starting interval of operation of the burner, resulting in initially smoky operation, unless the burner is adjusted to admit excess air, and in such case the efficiency of combustion, during normal running intervals of operation, will be decreased. The device of this invention is adapted to delay the building up of the rated fuel pressure for a predetermined time, which is long enough, say for example, several seconds, to enable the fan to reach full speed and get the air for combustion movin past the fuel nozzle at the proper rate for good and eilicient combustion.
The invention will be disclosed with reference to an illustrative example of it in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a fullsize sectional-elevational view of a time-delay device embodying the invention, the parts being shown in the positions which they occupy when the fuel-supply pump is stopped, this view also showing, diagrammatically and on a small scale, a fuel-supply system for an oil burner of the class described; and
, Fig. 2 is .a similar view of the time-delay only,
mixture will be over rich the parts thereof being shown in the positions, which they occupy at the end of the time-delay interval on starting the pump.
Referring to these drawings; the time-delay device includes a cylinder l, formed within a tu bular barrel 2, which has heads 3 and i, suitably fixed, one in each of the ends of the barrel. As shown, head 3 has a drive fit in one end of barrel 2 and head i has a threaded portion 5, which is screwed into the interiorly threaded end of the barrel. A gasket 6 seals the joint between the head t and the barrel. Slidable in cylinder l is a piston l. A spring 53, acting between one face of the piston and the head i tends to move the piston into engagement with head 3. As shown. piston i has a circumferential groove, containing an O-ring 9, which may be of synthetic rubher and which prevents leakage past the piston. Inlet and outlet ports is and ii, respectively, are provided for cylinder l and, as shown, these ports are respectively formed in the heads 3 and 4. The inlet port it extends coaxially through head 3 in alignment with a passage i2, 53 which extends coaxially through piston l. The passage portion is is of relatively small diameter, in this case .04 inch. Its cross, sectional area is relatively small in comparison with that of the inlet Hi. Suitably fixed in head t and extending coaxially into cylinder i is a stud i l, having a socket in its inner end, in which socket is fixed a valve disk is of any suitable material and adapted to be engaged by piston when the lat ter is moved against the force of spring 8 into the position shown in Fig. 2, whereby to close the passage 52, it through the piston. The clearance space in the right hand end of cylinder i is connected to outlet port ii by the following passages. A passage is, which extends diametrically through stud is at a location intermediate its ends, is connected at a central point to an axial passage ii in the stud and passage l? opens into an aligned axial passage iii in head i. The radial outlet ii communicates at its inner end with an axial passage is in head l. This passage 59 aligns with the passage but is larger in diameter, thereby providing a shoulder 2d at the intersection of these passages. The outer end of passage ill is closed by a plug 2i, screwed into the outer end of the passage, and a gasket 22. The shoulder afifords a seat for a check valve 23, which is held to its seat by a spring 24, acting against a seat on the closure plug 2|.
The device described finds one advantageous use in connection with the high-pressure positively-acting, fuel-supply pumps used in oil burners, of the mechanical or pressure atomizlng type, for the purpose of delaying the emission of oil from the atomizing nozzle until the motor, which drives the pump and also a non-positively-acting air-supply fan, has acquired high speed, and preferably full speed, to secure the proper rate of air flow to result in good combustion. In Fig. 1, there is shown, diagrammatically and on a small scale, the oil-supply means of such a burner. A pump 25, adapted for connection to a fuel supply by suction pipe 26, forces oil through a conduit 2'! to a casing 28, containing a by-pass valve 29 and from such casing through a conduit so to a casing 34, containing a cut-ofi valve32. The outlet of casing 3!, which is controlled by valve 32, is connected by a conduit 33 to the mechanical or pressure atomizing nozzle 34 of the oil burner. The outlet of casing 28, which is controlled by valve 29, is connected by a bypass conduit 35 to the suction side of pump 25, as, to pipe 2%. The pump 2-5 has a screw plug 35, which may be loosened in order to rid .the system of air, whenever necessary, as for example, initially on installing the burner and whenever the pump, after having stopped because of exhaustion of the oil supply, .is subsequently started.
The cut-off valve 32 is held closed by a spring 31 until the pressure of pumped oil reaches a predetermined minimum value, say for example 100 p. s. i. The by-pass valve 29 is held closed by a spring 33 until the pressure of the pumped oil reaches a predetermined maximum value, say for example, 195 p. s. i. The inlet W of the timedelay device is adapted pressure side of the oil pump between its outlet and the by-pass and cut-off valves and, as indicated by the dot-dash line 39, to conduit 2?. The outlet l i is adapted for connection to the suction side of the oil pump, and, as indicatedby the dotdash line G5! to pipe 26.
In an oil-supply system of the type described, the pump 25 must be vented initially and each time after the fuel supply has become exhausted, in order to rid the system of air. The only cutlets for the pump are closed by valves, such as 2% and 32 which open at relatively high pressures, greater than any that the pump can produce when pumping air alone. For example, in the present case, the greatest pressure which pump 25 can produce, when pumping air is p. s. i. Hence, the valve 32 will not open and allow air to escape from nozzle 34. Therefore, the plug 36 on the pump is provided and this plug, when loosened, will alter-:1 an outlet for the pumped air to escape. As soon as oil appears, the plug 36 is screwed in tightly and the system will then operate in the normal manner.
The time-delay device of this invention operates by providing a slow leak for oil to flow through the piston 7 from one end to the other of the cylinder. This leak must be closed in order to enable the air to be eliminated from the sys-- tem. To do this automatically, the check valve 23 is provided and its spring 24 has sufiicient force, in this case 25 p. s. i., for example, to hold the valve closed against any pressure that the pump can create, when pumping air alone. Thus, the fuel-feed system may be vented, whenever necessary, in the usual manner unaffected by the time-delay device, which becomes operative only after a predetermined minimum pressure, has been established.
In normal operation, on starting, the parts of the time-delay device will be positioned, as shown to be connected to the H in Fig. 1. The cylinder and all the various passages described will be filled with liquid fuel at zero pressure because, whenever the pump stops, leakage from its pressure to its suction side will cause the pressure to drop to zero. When the pump 25 is started, there will be a very rapid increase in pressure until the minimum pressure necessary to open check valve 23 is produced. Prior to this time, the piston 1 will not have moved because the liquid cannot move until check valve 23 opens. After the latter opens, liquid will flow through the slow leak provided by the passage i2, 53 from the pressure to the suction side of the pump, whereby the building up of the requisite pressure is delayed. Since the area of passage I3 is very small in comparison with that of the inlet pipe (connected to port id) there will be a drop in pressure on the outlet side of the piston and a pressure differential will be created to move the piston slowly to the right against the resistance of spring 8. When the piston abuts valve 15, the outlet of passage l2, 13 will be closed, and the pressure will then build up very rapidly to the values necessary to open valves 29 and 32. In the instant case, the time needed for the piston to complete its travel and engage valve I5, is about six seconds. This time will vary according to the cross sectional area of passage 13, the length of travel of the piston and the resistance offered by spring As herein shown, the oil pressure will rise sharply to 25 p. s. i., then it will slowly increase (in about six seconds) to about to p, s. i., after which the pressure will sharply rise to p. s. i.
When the pump is stopped, the cut-ofi valve 32 closes to stop the flow to the burner nozzle and the outlet and inlet pressures gradually become equalized, due to leakage in the pump, and the piston l is moved back by spring 8 to its Fig. 1 position. The return travel of the piston is relatively slow because the spring 8 has just about enough stress to move the piston back to initial position, when the pressure of the fuel reaches zero. The time-delay device helps, during the stopping interval of operation of the burner. The pump is usually oversize and pumps fuel at a rate much higher than it is consumed. The greater part of the pumped oil is by-passed. After the switch of the driving motor is opened, the pump will make a few revolutions before it stops. Usually, when the cut-off valve 32 closes, the fuel pressure will momentarily rise, causing the cut-off valve to open and emit a squirt of oil to relieve the pressure. The cut-off valve will then close and pressure may again build up enough to open the valve. This action will tend to cause the cut-off valve to flutter, opening and closing several times and emitting oil each time it opens. With the use of the time-delay device, as herein described, when the pressure drops enough to allow the cut-off valve to close, the valve it of the time-delay device will open. A subsequent pressure rise may close valve l5 and it may flutter, opening and closing several times. The fluttering thus occurs at the valve l5, where it does no harm, and the cut-oil valve is prevented from fluttering and emitting the undesired aftersquirts of oil at the atomizing nozzle.
The valve 23 is desirable in that it will automatically close and open whenever needed but it is not necessarily essential for all purposes. The leak, provided by the time-delay device, could be otherwise stopped, as by manual operation of a separate valve. However, the valve 23 does its work, without requiring any attention or effort 2,662,477 on the part of the operator, and its inclusion move the piston to and hold it at one end of its with the time-delay means offers a desirable solustroke near the connection of the inlet passage to tron of the problem. the cylinder, said piston having a passage there- The invention thus provides a hydraulic timethrough at least a portion of which has a cross delay device, which may be used with pumps, and sectional area relatively small in comparison to particularly Wlth the high-pressure fuel-supply the cross sectional area of the inlet passage, a
proper rate of air flow has been established. This Cylinder toward the other end but terminating in device can readily be attached to the fuel line axially-spaced relation with such end, and a valve to secure high eniciency of combustion. a pressure of not less than one-quarter of said What is claimedis: predetermined pressure. 1. A hydraulic time-delay device for a high- 3. Ahydraulic time-delay device for high-prespressure fuel-supply pump, comprising, a tubular sure fuel-supply pumps, comprising, a tubular he c nn c i n f the i l passage to the cylinthe piston against the other head, said piston der, Sa d DIStOII avi a p s therethrough at having a passage extending coaxially thereleast a portion of which has a cross sectional area through and muni ati ith aid pressure relatively small in comparison to the cross secpassage d having a, portion relatively small in tional area of the inl passage, aproje from cross sectional area compared to that of said the barrel at the outlet passage end of the cylinpressure passage a t fixed t t head der extending inwardly into the cylinder toward taining the suction passage and ojectin the oth d thereof but terminating in axially" wardly into the cylinder coaxially thereof and spaced relation with such end, and a valve carried extending toward t terminating h t of th by al projection and located to 01959 the other head, and a valve fixed to the inner end of sage 1n the plston When the latter 1s mved by said stud and adapted to be engaged by said pisliquid pressure into abutment with the valve. ton when the latter is moved by liquid pressure 2. A hydraulic time-delay device for a pump a ainst the force of said s rin and to close said supplying fuel under a predetermined high prespgssage in the piston p g sure, comprising, a tubular barrel aifording with- JOSEPH A LOGAN in it a cylinder having inlet and outlet passages GEORGE ROBIN'TSON communicating with opposite ends thereof, said outlet and inlet passages being respectively References Cited in the m of t t t to the pressure side of the pump. a piston s1id UNITED STATES PATENTS able in the cylinder over a stroke located wholly Number Name Date between the points at which said passages com- 2,330,703 Grise Sept. 28, 1943 municate with the cylinder, a. spring tending to 2,573,864 Moran Nov. 6, 1951
US234268A 1951-06-29 1951-06-29 Hydraulic time-delay device for high-pressure liquid-fuel-supply pumps Expired - Lifetime US2662477A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US234268A US2662477A (en) 1951-06-29 1951-06-29 Hydraulic time-delay device for high-pressure liquid-fuel-supply pumps

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US234268A US2662477A (en) 1951-06-29 1951-06-29 Hydraulic time-delay device for high-pressure liquid-fuel-supply pumps

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2662477A true US2662477A (en) 1953-12-15

Family

ID=22880653

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US234268A Expired - Lifetime US2662477A (en) 1951-06-29 1951-06-29 Hydraulic time-delay device for high-pressure liquid-fuel-supply pumps

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2662477A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2974600A (en) * 1956-04-18 1961-03-14 Charles H Rystrom Pumping system
US3446231A (en) * 1966-11-25 1969-05-27 Sundstrand Corp Oil burner valve
US4545736A (en) * 1982-06-09 1985-10-08 Thomas Willett & Co. Ltd. Apparatus for automatically processing slurry
US5782269A (en) * 1997-04-14 1998-07-21 Caterpillar Inc. Soft seal poppet type check valve
US20160053903A1 (en) * 2014-08-22 2016-02-25 Ausco, Inc. Timing valve and kick-down valve

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2330703A (en) * 1941-01-18 1943-09-28 Gilbert & Barker Mfg Co Air separator control for liquid dispensing apparatus
US2573664A (en) * 1947-10-18 1951-10-30 Goodrich Co B F Pneumatic tire package

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2330703A (en) * 1941-01-18 1943-09-28 Gilbert & Barker Mfg Co Air separator control for liquid dispensing apparatus
US2573664A (en) * 1947-10-18 1951-10-30 Goodrich Co B F Pneumatic tire package

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2974600A (en) * 1956-04-18 1961-03-14 Charles H Rystrom Pumping system
US3446231A (en) * 1966-11-25 1969-05-27 Sundstrand Corp Oil burner valve
US4545736A (en) * 1982-06-09 1985-10-08 Thomas Willett & Co. Ltd. Apparatus for automatically processing slurry
US5782269A (en) * 1997-04-14 1998-07-21 Caterpillar Inc. Soft seal poppet type check valve
US20160053903A1 (en) * 2014-08-22 2016-02-25 Ausco, Inc. Timing valve and kick-down valve
US9464723B2 (en) * 2014-08-22 2016-10-11 Ausco, Inc. Timing valve and kick-down valve

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2728547A (en) Mud release valve
US2626655A (en) Jet engine fuel supply system
GB1521065A (en) Fuel injection valve assembly for a reciprocating piston internal-combustion engine
US2662477A (en) Hydraulic time-delay device for high-pressure liquid-fuel-supply pumps
US2215469A (en) Fuel delivery pump system for injection internal combustion engines
US2391808A (en) Fuel atomizer
US1755192A (en) Atomizing valve
US2677417A (en) Time delay device and auxiliary cutoff valve for pressure-atomizing oil burners
US1999967A (en) Valve mechanism
US2662542A (en) Hydraulic control device for highpressure liquid-fuel-supply pumps of pressure-atomizing oil burners
US3492983A (en) Low oil pressure shut-down valve
US1196920A (en) Pump.
US2047489A (en) Unloading mechanism for compressors
US2707921A (en) Primer assembly
US1332293A (en) Air-pump
US1105298A (en) Engine.
US1967970A (en) System for supplying fuel to internal combustion engines
US2082808A (en) Fuel injection apparatus
US3784329A (en) Fuel supply arrangements for gas turbine engines
US3405640A (en) Fluid pressure regulating valves
US922017A (en) Valve.
US3446197A (en) Ignition system for free-piston engine
US2301503A (en) Fuel admission device for internal combustion engines
US2183875A (en) Liquid feed apparatus
US2848951A (en) Fuel injection apparatus