US2646117A - Storm window structure - Google Patents

Storm window structure Download PDF

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Publication number
US2646117A
US2646117A US84716A US8471649A US2646117A US 2646117 A US2646117 A US 2646117A US 84716 A US84716 A US 84716A US 8471649 A US8471649 A US 8471649A US 2646117 A US2646117 A US 2646117A
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Prior art keywords
sheet
strips
window
strip
casing
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US84716A
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Donald R Hodgins
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SUPERDUCTION Inc
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SUPERDUCTION Inc
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/28Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement with additional removable glass panes or the like, framed or unframed
    • E06B3/285Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement with additional removable glass panes or the like, framed or unframed flexible transparent foils without a proper frame fixed and sealed at a distance from the existing glass pane

Description

July 21, 1953 ,A D. R. HODGINS 2,646,117
STORM WINDOW STRUCTURE Filed March 51, 1949 f C5 M@ Fys cfm;
IN V EN TOR. DONA D 1. HODG/N A TTORNEVS found "to be satisfactory for kmy purpose.
Patented lJuly 21, 1953 vSTORM WINDOW ySTRUCTURE `Dona`ld R. 4Hodgins,'East Cleveland, Ohio, assigner to Supcrduction,1nc., TCleveland, Ohio, a corpo- .rationrof Ohio Application March 31, 1949, serial No. '84,116
1 The 'general object of 'the 'present invention is to provide a temporary A'storm Window structure which will be 'simple vin construction; durable and Weatherproof lfor at least `the cold Weather season 'of a year "in localities where the winter season is relatively `extensive and which canV be applied to a window casing by an unskilled person of average intelligence.
Another object of the present invention is the ,provision of a 'temporary vstorm window 'formed of light Weight weatherproof materials in such manner that the 'product maybe standardized for merchandising purposes and Yyet may be adapted readily to a variety of window casing sizes.
.A still further object of Vmy invention is the provision of a temporary storm Window structure formed of such materials 'as to afford great economy and be readily 'applied to a Window casing .inrsuch manner as to provide 'a moisturef` proof seal of the window opening of a Window casing. n
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent .from the following detailed d'escription of preferred l'forms of embodiment of the invention, reference being made to the accompanying drawings wherein- In Fig. l there is shown in front 'elevation a wooden Window casing to which my temporary storm window structure has been applied;
Fig. 2 is across-section of the Window casing and of my temporary storm window structure .applied thereto and takensubstantially along 'the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig.. 3 is a transverse cross-sectional view taken substantially along the line 3-3 of Fig. l;
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a merchandising package containing the materials comprising my storm Window structure; and
Fig. .V5 is a partial detailed sectional view taken at 5--5 in Fig. 1.
My invention contemplates the utilization 'of light weight and oldable thin plastic sheets of material as the storm window panes which will .remain moisture vproof over a considerable period of `time when exposed to the elements and which, when tensioned, will afford the greatest degree of transparency compatible With my object of the attainment of economy. Any one ofjs'everal plastic or synthetic sheet materials may vbe In the present instance I vhave found that Vinylite film or sheeting material of from one lto three thou- :sandths of an inch 'in thickness will `give the desired results and yet be amenable to the partisular manner of lsecuring the sheeting Amaterial in place over the window opening of the window casing. I have 'shown 'such a sheeting material at II) in Figs. 1, 2 and '8 held or fastened in position on the window casing in the manner hereinafter disclosed.
Due to the thinness and non-self supportability of the sheet material, great and practically yu nsurmountable difficulties would be encountered in attempting to secure the marginal edges of the sheet b'y the use of fly screen lbinder strips and like Well Aknown means. I have devised a strip binder means, however, which when utilized inthe recommended order of procedure re' duces the application of such a lm to the window casing to the simplest steps of manual effort.
To properly secure the margins of such a thin lsheet material tothe window casing Ain a weathertight manner I utilize four marginal strips formed of relatively stiff material, about which the marginal edges of the Vinylite lm may be Wrapped in the yform of two or three convolutions, whereby lthe thin film may be properly tensioned and "be thoroughly secured to the strips.
vThus in Fig. 2, at the top, several convolutions I2 of the sheet material 'are inwardly Wrapped `about a strip core I3, this top strip being secured to the outer top member I4 of the'wooden casing structure with the plane 'of the film lo substantially coincident with the outer vertical plane o'f the casing member I4. Securing means which I prefer to use are large-head tacks I6 which are driven through the convolutions and kthe strip core into the casing member 14. The wrapping and binding strip I3 is madey preferably lof heavy chip board stock, but can be made out of other materials Which would be stifi enough for both lm wrapping and ultimate binding or the nlm edge to the window casing ysur-face in a moisture-tight manner.
I have found that the most convenient manner of applying the lm to the Window casing is to rst apply the top strip I3 after having wrapped the top marginal portion of the sheet in the vmanner stated. To facilitate this wrap- 'top marginal edge Iof the sheet to lthe 'sheet whereby 'the marginal portion may be wrapped `in a substantially `tight manner about the core strip. 'To carry out the step, smooth applica- Caution, of course, is to be exercised in forming the convolutions and wrapping of the side securing strips 26 to avoid uneven application or wrinkles.
After one side strip 20 is applied transverse or cross-tensioning of the sheet may be effected throughout the height of the sheet material during the securement of the second wrapped side strip. Details of the resulting structure of a corner are shown in Fig. 5, a top partial sectional view of a top corner. The corner seal resulting l in such a-structure is clearly apparent.
The final step is to Wrap the bottom marginal region of the sheet material about the bottom securing strip 22, whereupon this strip'can be v disposed on the inner side of the sheet material I0, as shown in Figr2, or it may be disposed on the outside, as indicated by thav dot and dash lines and the reference numeral 22a in Fig. 2. For drainage purposes I prefer to have the bottom securing strip disposed on the inside as illustrated in full lines in Fig. 2. During the nal securement of this strip by the use of nails or tacks I6, thesheet of lm material is tensioned in a vertical direction.
It will be found that ink applying the temporary storm window as outlined above the sheet material may be Sufliciently tensioned to eliminate the formation of all wrinkles and present a weatherproof transparent membrane to the elements.
The strips i3, 20 and 22 may be formed of a moisture proof paper board stock 0r heavy cardboard material having a suilicient rosin content for the purpose or they may be dipped in a suitu able weather-proofing solution. The thickness of such board stock is such as to have suiiicient beam strength to firmly press the edge convolutes of the iilm against the surface of the casing` Y structure. However, it should be noted that with proper wrapping the strips practically are waterproofed by the several convolutes of the film material.
In preparing the kit package 40, the strips are made in pairs of maximum length for a maxif' mum window area to be protected and the size of the sheet material is such as to afford this maximum area after the marginal portions thereof have been wrapped about the respective strips to bring the strips into the relative posi-" tions shown in Fig. 1. Any desired sizes less than such maximum can be obtained by cutting off the surplus length from the ends of the strips before the adhesive is wetted. The surplus iilm material.. may be wrapped about the strips or the iirlm sur- 4 amount of trim to be made on the strips and on the height and width of the lm in the package. Apart from obtaining neatness in appearance the corner seals will be obtained when the proper procedure is followed.
While I have shown the preferred manner of applying my temporary storm window structure to the window casing it will beunderstood that it can be an inside job, that is, the top strip IS can be applied to the under upper surface of the casing member i4, as indicated by the dot and dash lines and the reference numeral ita in Fig. 2. The side strips may be disposed on the inside of the transparent lm l5 as indicated by the dot and dash lines and the reference numeral 23a in Fig. 2 and the bottom strip as Ishown in full lines in Fig. 2.
I claim:
1. A temporary storm window structure comprising a thin transparent membrane of moisture resistant sheeting material, four sheet tensioning strips of moisture resistant material tackable to the fiat surfaces of a window casing vand the marginal portions of the sheet being wrapped about the four tensioning strips and the strips serving to substantially uniformly tension the sheet material at the time of application of the temporary storm window structure to a window frame and securing means driven through the wrapped convolutes of the sheet material and the tensioning stripsV and into the window casing.
2. A temporary storm window structure comprising a thin transparent membrane of moisture resistant sheeting material, sheet securing strips of moisture resistant material having an adhesive applied to at least one of the sides thereof, which adhesive is compatible to a bonding relation with the sheet material and with the material of the strips, the marginal portions of the sheet being wrapped about the securing strips and the strips serving to substantially uniformly tension the sheet material at the time of application of the temporary storm window structure to a window frame.
3. A temporary storm window structure comprising a thin transparent membrane of moisture resistant sheeting material, sheet securing strips of moisture resistant material in the form of paper board stock, the marginal portions of the sheet being wrapped about the paper board securing strips to-form a seal relative to the strips and the strips serving to substantially uniformly tension the sheet material at the time of application of the temporary storm window structure to a window frame.
4. A temporary storm window structure comprising a thin transparent membrane of Vinylite sheet material, sheet securing strips of moisture resistant material having a water soluble adhesive applied to at least one of the sides thereof, which adhesive is compatible to a bonding relation with the Vinylite sheet material and with the material of the strips, the marginal portions of the sheet being wrapped about the securing strips to form tight convolutes cf the sheet material upon the strips and the strips serving to substantially uniformly tension the sheet material at the time'of application of the temporary storm window structure to a window frame.
5. A temporary storm window structure comprising a thin transparent membrane of moisture resistant sheeting material, four sheet securing strips of heavy cardboard material serving as a Wrapping core for the marginal portions of the Ywrapped about the four securing strips and the strips serving to substantially uniformly tension the sheet material at thev timel of application of thetemporary storm Window' structure to a Window frame,` one of the Wrapped strips being secured to the topvertical surface rof a .Window casing with the plane of the sheeting material coincident With that surface, two of the Wrapped y strips being secured to the outer vertical sides of the casing and the fourth strip-being secured to the window sill and with the transverse dimension thereof extending in a direction generally transverse Ato the plane of the tensioned sheet material.
6. A temporary storm Window structure comprising a thin transparent membraneA of moisture resistant sheeting material, four sheet tensioning strips of moisture resistant material tackable to the iiat surfaces of a window casing, the marginal portions of the sheet being Wrapped about the four ysecuring strips With the convolutions about one strip at a corner of the transparent membrane being convoluted about the end portion of an adjacent strip and the strips serving to substantially uniformly tension the sheet material atV the' time of application of the temporary storm Window structure to a Window frame, and securingmeans binding the wrapped convolutes of theA sheet material and the tensioning strips 'onto the Window casing. v
'7. A temporary storm window structure comprising a thin transparent membrane of moisture of the sides thereof, which adhesive is compatible to a bonding relation with the sheet material and with the material of the strips, the sheet material y being of excess dimensions relative to the lengths form a corner seal between the strip ends and the sheet material, and means for securing the convolutions of the sheeting material and the strips to a Window casing.
8. A storm Window comprising a flexible transparent sheet, a relatively stiii taclring strip rolled up in and permanently secured to and extending across onel transverse margin thereof, said strip being substantially shorter in length than the transverse Width of the sheet and being `centered with respect thereto sothat the marginal portions of the sheet overhang the strip at both ends, and additional tacking strips for securement to the other margins of the sheet.
' 9. In a Storm window attached to a framework circumscribing a Window opening, vthe structure comprising a iiexible transparent sheet forming a closure for the said framework, a relatively stiff tacking strip rolled up in and permanently secured to and extending across one transverse margin thereof, said strip being substantially shorter inV length than the transverse width of the sheet and being substantially centered with respect thereto so, that the marginal portions of the sheet overhang the strip at both ends, a second relatively stiff tacking strip rolled up in and extending across the transverse margin of the sheet opposite the rst said margin and being substantially centered with respect thereto, additional tacking strips for securement to the v other margins of the sheet, and fastening means of the strips and the marginal portions of the sheet being wrapped about the four securing strips with non-supported end portions of the convolutions about one strip being Wrapped about passed through said tacking strips and sheet margins for securing the storm Window structure to the said Window framework.
DONALD R. HODGINS.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,970,256' Terrel 'Aug 14, 1934 2,080,394 Ballantyne May 18, 1937 2,150,280 Killian Mar. 14, 1939 2,239,630 Tendrich Apr. 22, 1941 2,297,729 Thomas Oct. 6, 1942 2,321,078 Greene June 8, 1943
US84716A 1949-03-31 1949-03-31 Storm window structure Expired - Lifetime US2646117A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2803299A (en) * 1953-04-23 1957-08-20 Gerrard & Co A J Grain door for a railway car
US2804139A (en) * 1954-04-05 1957-08-27 William F Pfau Storm windows
US2823745A (en) * 1953-08-03 1958-02-18 Lawrence Paper Co Load retaining doors
US2890747A (en) * 1954-06-21 1959-06-16 Gerrard & Co A J Car loading retaining strip and lock therefor
US2925862A (en) * 1956-03-14 1960-02-23 Sundby Kristen Means for attaching an additional plastic window pane to a window frame or sash
US3014526A (en) * 1956-10-25 1961-12-26 Acme Steel Co Grain car door
US3023864A (en) * 1957-10-03 1962-03-06 Elwin G Smith & Company Inc Plastic ventilator
US3087536A (en) * 1955-01-24 1963-04-30 John W Hill Wood grain door backer
US5010941A (en) * 1990-05-10 1991-04-30 Ross Sr Victor Golf cart drop curtain
US20080142168A1 (en) * 2006-12-04 2008-06-19 Itw Australia Pty Ltd Opening protection

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1970256A (en) * 1932-10-07 1934-08-14 Stephan H Terrel Window dressing
US2080394A (en) * 1936-01-09 1937-05-18 Robert L Ballantyne Window closure
US2150280A (en) * 1937-07-30 1939-03-14 Dan L Killian Window protector
US2239630A (en) * 1940-07-27 1941-04-22 Tendrich Jacob Shower curtain
US2297729A (en) * 1940-03-16 1942-10-06 Harry W Thomas Screen frame
US2321078A (en) * 1940-02-15 1943-06-08 Everett P Larsh Flexible storm window

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1970256A (en) * 1932-10-07 1934-08-14 Stephan H Terrel Window dressing
US2080394A (en) * 1936-01-09 1937-05-18 Robert L Ballantyne Window closure
US2150280A (en) * 1937-07-30 1939-03-14 Dan L Killian Window protector
US2321078A (en) * 1940-02-15 1943-06-08 Everett P Larsh Flexible storm window
US2297729A (en) * 1940-03-16 1942-10-06 Harry W Thomas Screen frame
US2239630A (en) * 1940-07-27 1941-04-22 Tendrich Jacob Shower curtain

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2803299A (en) * 1953-04-23 1957-08-20 Gerrard & Co A J Grain door for a railway car
US2823745A (en) * 1953-08-03 1958-02-18 Lawrence Paper Co Load retaining doors
US2804139A (en) * 1954-04-05 1957-08-27 William F Pfau Storm windows
US2890747A (en) * 1954-06-21 1959-06-16 Gerrard & Co A J Car loading retaining strip and lock therefor
US3087536A (en) * 1955-01-24 1963-04-30 John W Hill Wood grain door backer
US2925862A (en) * 1956-03-14 1960-02-23 Sundby Kristen Means for attaching an additional plastic window pane to a window frame or sash
US3014526A (en) * 1956-10-25 1961-12-26 Acme Steel Co Grain car door
US3023864A (en) * 1957-10-03 1962-03-06 Elwin G Smith & Company Inc Plastic ventilator
US5010941A (en) * 1990-05-10 1991-04-30 Ross Sr Victor Golf cart drop curtain
US20080142168A1 (en) * 2006-12-04 2008-06-19 Itw Australia Pty Ltd Opening protection
US8025091B2 (en) * 2006-12-04 2011-09-27 Itw Australia Pty Ltd Opening protection

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