US2645206A - Writing pen - Google Patents

Writing pen Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2645206A
US2645206A US3103548A US2645206A US 2645206 A US2645206 A US 2645206A US 3103548 A US3103548 A US 3103548A US 2645206 A US2645206 A US 2645206A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
nib
pen
writing
ink
body
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
David F Mohns
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Parker Pen Co
Original Assignee
Parker Pen Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K5/00Pens with ink reservoirs in holders, e.g. fountain-pens
    • B43K5/18Arrangements for feeding the ink to the nibs

Description

July 14, 1953 D. F. MOHNS WRITING PEN Filed June 4, 1948 INVENTOR. flazjuiff ohns, BY

w w w Patented July 14, 195 3 David F. Mohns, Janesville, .Wis asslgnor to The Parker Pen Company, Jancsville, Wis., a

corporation of Wisconsin Application June 4, 1948, Serial No. 31,035

1 Claim. (01. 120-51) This invention relates to writing pens and has to do particularly with a pen of the so-called' hooded or covered nib type, the pen housing enclosing all of the nib except the extreme writing end thereof.

An object of the invention'is to provide a writing pen of the covered nib type having improved writing characteristics.

Another object is to provide a writing pen of the covered nib type wherein "the nib is so constructed and supported in the pen that it has substantial flexibility and thereby permits substantial variation in the line width of the writing. Another object is the-provision of an improved nib and nib mounting which provides a desirably firm and rigid support for the nib body but permits substantialfiexing of the writing end of the nib. Still another object is to provide a writing pen having a flexible nib and an improved nib mount? ing which insures that the nib' is maintained in wetted condition at all times and does not dry out even when left exposed for long periods of non-use. j

A further object is to provide a writing pen having a flexible nib and an improved nib mounting which provides for delivery of inktothe nib slit both from above and below the nib.

A still further object is to provide a'nib and nib mounting of such construction that the de-, sired positioning of the several members isprothe writing nib to closely adjacent the extreme vided and maintained in such manner that slight ,7 errors in alignment of the parts, such as may occur in the assembly operation or in disalignment such as may occur in use, do not prevent satisfactory operation of the pen.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear from the following description taken in connection with the appended drawings wherein: W i I Figure 1 is a fragmentary side elevational view principally of the forward portion of a fountain pen embodying my invention, certain of the parts being broken away and in section;

Fig. 2 is a view of a transverse along line 2-2 of Fig. l; I

Fig. 3 is a view of a transverse section taken along line 33 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a view of a transverse section taken along line 4-4 of Fig. 1; I v

Fig. 5 is a top plan view of .a nib formed in accordance withthe invention; and 1 Fig. 6 is a side elevational view. of the nib of Fig. 5. Y

, In the so-called hooded or covered nib .types of writing pens, the pen body is extended along section taken 2,223,541, dated December 3, 1940.

writing end or tip thereof in order to enclose the nib or at least the upper surface thereof in order, among other things, to minimize drying out of the ink at the nib slit, and only the extreme tip end of "the nib projects fromv the pen body. It

is important in such pens that the portion of the a body which overlies the nib be disposed closely adjacent'thenib in order to maintain a small body of ink above the nib slit and thus limit the extent of exposed surface of ink in the nib slit to prevent complete drying out. In prior con structions it has been found that the nib is so closely confined between the underlying feed bar and the overlying portion of thek'pen body that the nib does not have sufficient-flexibility to suit the writing style of many persons. Many persons prefer a nib which is flexible and spreads. under writing pressure in order to provide variation in the width of the written line, thus giving more individuality to the appearance of the writing.

'In accordance with the present invention, a pen of the covered nib type is provided wherein the nib is so formed. and so supported withinthe pen body that while the nib is substantially enclosed andthe'advantages of such type of pen are obtained, nevertheless, sufficient flexibility of the writing end of thenib is provided to permit the desired spreading of the nib sections and the resulting variation in width of written line.

The present invention is adapted for application to numerous types of writing pens and is particularly adapted for use in fountain pens and so-called dip pens. For the purpose of i1lustrating the present invention, it is shown in connection with a pen of the general type disclosed in U. S. Letters Patent to Marlin S. Baker, No. It will be understood that the pen may have any suitable type of reservoir, fillingmechanism and feed and consequently, these portions of the pen are not shown or described in detail herein.

Referring now to Fig. 1 of the drawings, the pen includes a pen body or housing which may be formed by abarrel l0 and shell ll attached thereto although the body may, if desired, be formed as a single member. The body is hollow in order to accommodate the necessary internal members and has an opening l2 extending through its forward end which preferably takes the form of a cylindrical bore through which the extreme writing tip of this pen nib" i3, which nib is hereinafter described morein detail, projects.

The pen nib 13 may be supported by the body in any suitable manner and may either be supported by a member located within the body or directly by the body itself. In the present illustrative example, the nib is supported by an overflow ink collector l4 generally similar to that shown and described in the above mentioned Baker patent, such collector serving also to support a feed bar l5 which may take any suitable form and which constitutes means for defining at least a portion of the ink feed passage leading from the reservoir (not shown) to the nib [3. The feed bar includes a cylindrical body It suitably supported in the collector l4 and a reduced extension I! which extends into the bore [2 and terminates preferably approximately at the forward end thereof. 7 e

The nib l 3, which is shown apart from the pen body in Figs. 5 and 6, includes a body or supporting portion 8 which preferably is transversely arcuate and in the present example is substantially cylindrical and has a slit I9 extending along the bottom side thereof. The slitted cylindrical body I8 has suflicient lateral resilience to permit it to be retained fricti-onally in a seating socket 20 in the collector M (Fig. 1). The body It may be formed with an air inlet notch 2| for the purpose of admitting air into the pen for ink feeding purposes as will be understood and as explained more in detail in the above mentioned Baker patent. A positioning notch 40 may be provided for positioning the nib in a suitable fixture during certain of the operations of forming the nib although this is not essential to the present invention.

Extending forwardly from the body portion I8 is a tapered writing portion 22 having an ink feed slit 23 extending longitudinally thereof and through the forward end thereof to divide the writing portion into two nib sections 24 which are relatively flexible and are capable of being spread apart when writing pressure is applied on the nib in the usual manner. The nib slit 23 is of capillary width and is adapted to draw ink therein and feed it to the writing surface in the usual manner. Rearwardly of and preferably adjoining the rear end of the nib slit-23 is a nib pierce 25 which extends through the nib in the usual manner.

The nib extends through the bore [2 and the extreme writing tips of the nib sections 24 project beyond the end of the opening and are exposed in position for engagement with a writing surface. The extreme forward end of the feed bar I5 is positioned to bear against the nib sections and to support them in the desired initial position. The forward end of the feed bar I 5 may be bent up slightly to effect this engagement; or alternatively, where a feed bar having a straight upper surface is provided, the nib may be so formed that it bears against the forward end of the feed bar as illustrated. The feed bar body and reduced portion I! are ofsuch dimensions and are so located with respect to the nib that an annular space 26 of capillary width is provided therebetween which is in communication with the capillary ink feed passage 27 (a portion of which is shown) leading from the reservoir and is adapted to draw ink therein by capillary action and to maintain ink therein from which space ink is drawn bycapillary action into the adjacent nib slit 23 and pierce 25 in the usual manner.

The forward end portion of the tapered writing portion 22 of the nib is spaced from the upper wall portion of the bore l2 in order to provide a space 28 therebetween whereby the corresponding portion of the nib may move in and up-anddown direction between the feed bar and the upper wall portion of the bore l2 thereby permitting the desired flexing of the nib sections 24 and subsequent spreading of the writing tip ends of the nib sections with a resulting variation in the width of the line of ink deposited on the paper.

In order to provide this movement of the nib sections, spacing means are provided which in the present invention comprises small projections 29 extending upwardly from the nib sections at points spaced rearwardly of the forward ends thereof and preferably closely adjacent the rear end of the nib slit 23. The projections 29 may be formed by indenting the material from which the nib is formed thereby providing outwardly-extending bumps or pimples. It will thus be seen that when the nib is assembled in the pen as illustrated, particularly in Fig. 1, the projections 29 bear against the upper wall surface of the bore [2 and space therefrom the adjacent portion of the nib including the portion which extends forwardly from the projections. The portion of the nib which extends rearwardly of the projections also is spaced from the wall of the bore to provide an arcuate space 30 of capillary, dimension which is a continuation of the space 28 and is adapted to draw ink therein from the nib pierce 25 and to retain ink therein at all times except where the ink may be drawn therefrom and into the nib slit 23. Thus a body of ink stands above the nib slit at all times and is available to maintain the nib slit filled with ink even where evaporation may take place from the nib slit as where the pen is left uncapped for substantial periods of non-use.

The nib may be and preferably is rigidly supported in the bore l2 rearwardly of the nib sections and for this purpose a projection 3| is provided which is generally similar to the projections 29 but preferably is located a substantial distance rearwardly of the projections 29 and in a vertical plane passing longitudinally of the nib and medially thereof. Preferably, the several members of the pen are so dimensioned that when the nib is in the position shown in Fig. 1, the portions 32 at the under side of the nib adjacent the juncture of the tapered writing section and the body (sometimes referred to as wings) bear at their outer surfaces against the lower wall of the bore l2. Thus the nib is positioned in the bore l2 at five bearing points, namely, the two projections 29, projection 3| and the wings 32, thus firmly and accurately positioning the nib relative to the bore l2.

It will be seen from the foregoing that the nib is positioned in the pen body in such manner that while a capillary ink storage space is provided above the ni-b into which ink is drawn by capillary action and retained to prevent drying out of the ink in the nib slit, nevertheless, the forward portion of the nib, constituted by the two nib sections, is permitted to flex sufliciently under writing pressure to provide a substantial degree of spreading of the nib sections and provide the desired variation in width of written line to suit the individuality of the style of writing of the user.

It will be further understood that with the manner of mounting the nib provided by the present invention, ink may be delivered to the nib slit not only from below the nib but also from above the nib. Thus, the arcuate capillary space provided above the nib may itself be connected to feed means (not shown) for delivering 5 ink to such space from the reservoir directly and such ink does not have to pass through the nib pierce. Such ink feed arrangements are well known and it is believed that specific illustration is not necessary herein inasmuch as the details tween the nib and adjacent body portion. Moreover, by reason of the positive spacing provided by the projections, there is little likelihood of the nib becoming disarranged in the bodyfin normal use, to such an extent as to render the pen inoperative. Accordingly, the pen may be assembled by relatively unskilled labor and requires little, if any, attention or adjustment during its normal period of use.

I claim:

A writing pen comprising a pen casing having a bore extending through the forward end thereof, a writing nib mounted in said casing and ex tending through said bore, said nib having a substantially cylindrical, but circumferentially discontinuous, bodyportion in said bore, a flexible, tapered, arcuate writing end portion projecting at its tip endonly from said casing withcircumferentially extending wings between the body portion and writing end portion, said nib having a slit extending inwardly from the free end thereof and providing two nib sections, and a positioning projection extending upwardly from each of said nib sections adjacent the base end thereof and engaging the upper wall portion of said bore to space said nib section therefrom, said nib having a positioning projection extending from the upper surface rearwardly of said slit, all of said projections and said wings engaging the wall portions of said bore to provide a multiple-point support for the nibin'said bore.

DAVID F. MOHN-S.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Hanle Dec. 2, 1947

US2645206A 1948-06-04 1948-06-04 Writing pen Expired - Lifetime US2645206A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2645206A US2645206A (en) 1948-06-04 1948-06-04 Writing pen

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2645206A US2645206A (en) 1948-06-04 1948-06-04 Writing pen

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2645206A true US2645206A (en) 1953-07-14

Family

ID=21857311

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2645206A Expired - Lifetime US2645206A (en) 1948-06-04 1948-06-04 Writing pen

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2645206A (en)

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US13995A (en) * 1855-12-25 Improvement in fountain-pens
US331203A (en) * 1885-11-24 Lazaeus loesee
US730117A (en) * 1902-07-05 1903-06-02 Robert A Hamilton Fountain-pen.
US2223541A (en) * 1939-01-06 1940-12-03 Parker Pen Co Fountain pen
US2289963A (en) * 1940-10-24 1942-07-14 Eagle Pencil Co Fountain pen
US2375770A (en) * 1943-11-19 1945-05-15 Arthur O Dahiberg Fountain pen
US2417861A (en) * 1943-11-19 1947-03-25 Arthur O Dahlberg Fountain pen
US2430023A (en) * 1944-01-27 1947-11-04 Esterbrook Pen Co Writing implement
US2432012A (en) * 1944-11-30 1947-12-02 Eagle Pencil Co Writing pen

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US13995A (en) * 1855-12-25 Improvement in fountain-pens
US331203A (en) * 1885-11-24 Lazaeus loesee
US730117A (en) * 1902-07-05 1903-06-02 Robert A Hamilton Fountain-pen.
US2223541A (en) * 1939-01-06 1940-12-03 Parker Pen Co Fountain pen
US2289963A (en) * 1940-10-24 1942-07-14 Eagle Pencil Co Fountain pen
US2375770A (en) * 1943-11-19 1945-05-15 Arthur O Dahiberg Fountain pen
US2417861A (en) * 1943-11-19 1947-03-25 Arthur O Dahlberg Fountain pen
US2430023A (en) * 1944-01-27 1947-11-04 Esterbrook Pen Co Writing implement
US2432012A (en) * 1944-11-30 1947-12-02 Eagle Pencil Co Writing pen

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3352621A (en) Ball point writing instrument
US3611430A (en) Recording pen
US2681041A (en) Fountain pen
US2158615A (en) Fountain pen
US2101304A (en) Fountain pen
US2603186A (en) Writing instrument
US2521657A (en) Fountain pen
US2430023A (en) Writing implement
US2390636A (en) Writing instrument
US4496258A (en) Writing pen with space behind nib
US3951555A (en) Modular writing pen
US2292381A (en) Fountain pen feed
US5947624A (en) Capillary feed ink marker assembly adapted for making erasable markings on the surface of a substantially non-porous marking substrate
US5957603A (en) Combination support and eraser for a dry erase marker
US2416596A (en) Fountain pen
US2187528A (en) Fountain pen
US4556336A (en) Pen core for writing instrument
JPH04156339A (en) Ink cartridge
US2360297A (en) Fountain pen
US3922100A (en) Writing implement
US3572954A (en) Writing device
US2397229A (en) Writing instrument
US2444004A (en) Writing implement
US3141187A (en) Marking instrument
US3032802A (en) Felt pen