US263472A - Machine for purifying middlings - Google Patents

Machine for purifying middlings Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US263472A
US263472A US263472DA US263472A US 263472 A US263472 A US 263472A US 263472D A US263472D A US 263472DA US 263472 A US263472 A US 263472A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
machine
middlings
distributer
shell
air
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US263472A publication Critical patent/US263472A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B4/00Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents
    • B07B4/02Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall
    • B07B4/025Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall the material being slingered or fled out horizontally before falling, e.g. by dispersing elements

Description

(No Model.)
' 2 Sheets-Sheet 1. F. M. BROWN.
MACHINE FOR PURIFYING MIDDLINGS.
Patented Aug. 29, 1882.
N. FETER$ Phmo-L'flhegmphen Washingmn. QC,
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
F. M. BROWN.
MAGHINE FOR PURIFYING MIDDLINGS.
No. 263,472. Patented Aug. 29, 1882.
m'tzzeaaees- ZZZ/savior,
/6. w Wk/ X aim NY PETERS. PhohrLxXhagnphz-r. waimn mn. n. c.
PATENT FRANCIS M. BROWN, OF UNION CITY, TENNESSEE.
MACHINE FOR PURIFYING MIDDLINGS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 263,472, dated August 29, 1882,
Application tiled April 26,1831. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FRANCIS M. BROWN, of Union City, in the county of Obion, State of Tennessee, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Machines -for Purifying Middlings, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making a part of this specification, in which Figure l is an elevation with the casing or shell partially removed. Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional View on line :20 w of Fig. 1.
The object of myinvention is particularly to separate the light particles from the heavy particles of wheat-middlingsin the process of milling; and my invention consists in an apparatus for separating thelighter particles from the heavier as the mass passes in a thin stream through the machine by means of a gentle aircurrent induced by the formation of a partial vacuum outside of the line offeed, said lighter particles being carried off by means of a rapid air-current, which induces the partial vacuum aforesaid, as hereinafter described and claimed.
In order that those skilled in the art may make and use my invention, I will proceed to describe the exact manner in which I have carried it out.
I construct a shell for the machine by joinin gtogetheraseries of detachable tapering sections, 'A A, the edges of the sections fitting within each other, as shown, and the lower edge of each section being provided with a contracted lip, for the purpose hereinafter described. The top section of this shell is closed at its top, and is provided with a gravity feed-valve, D, located immediately above the apex of the hollow conical distributer O, and is provided with a pipe, Gr, through which is drawn an exhaustcurrent, the end of the said pipe entering the apex of the hollow conical distributer 0. Each one of the sections A is provided with a hollow truncated conical distributer, O C C 0*, sustained by proper supports, b b, leaving between the shell'and the edge of the base of the cone a narrow annular opening, d, this opening bein g of about the same width in all the sections. This arrangement leaves the projecting lips a a in each section slightly below the base of each truncated hollow distributer. The openings in the apexes of the truncated hollow distributers decrease in area toward the bottom of the machine, or in a direction opposite to that of the draft. The lower edge of thelowest section is contracted suddenly, as seen ate.
The operation of the machine is as follows: Middlings are fed through E against the gravity-valve D, which opens when the weight of the middlings becomes suflicient and allows them to flow through in a stream upon the apex of the conical distributerO, over the-surface of which they move in a thin layer. Meantime, through the medium ofaproper fan, an exhaust is drawn at a desired velocity through the pipes G, causing a draft to pass through the machine and meet the middlings in their downward passage. The shape of the truncated conical distributer 0 causes a concentrated blast of high velocity to be drawn through an opening in its apex, whence it passes through the distributer 0 having in its apex an opening of greater area than that of O thence up through distributer 0 having a still greater size of opening, then up through distributer G, which has the largest area of opening in its apex, and, lastly, out through pipe G. As, under wellrecognized laws of fluids, only a given amount of air can be drawn through the apex of O at a given velocity when the exhaust-fan is moving at a certain rate, it is quite apparent that when that same volume of air is drawn by the same fan, without alteration of speed of revolution, through alarger opening, as seen in the apex of 0 there will be a reduction in the velocity of the current in a ratio proportionate to the ditferencein areaof the openings. So,from distributer to distributer, as the air passes, its velocity is reduced as it approaches the point of exit from the machine. When the central air-current passes through the cones it carries with it the air along the exterior surfaces of the cones below the openings, and creating thereby a partial vacuum along the sides of the cones, a small quantity of air is thereby caused to flow through the space 11 to fill this vacuum, as is indicated by the small arrows in Fig. 2. As the middlings pass down over distributer O in a thin layer they strike the up per projecting lip,(t, and are directed away from the sides of the shell. As they fall away from the sides of the shell they are brought within the influence of the gentle current of air passing through the upper opening, d, and by it the lightest particles of the waste are carried toward the apex of distributor G, where they are caught by the main. central current and carried out through the exhaust-pipe. The heavier particles, dropping against the exterior of the cone 0, fall along its face and against another projecting lip, a, which directs them toward the surface of distributer O and passes them across the path ofthe suction-draft, passing between the base of C and the shell; and as the central draft, passing through the top opening of is moving at a higher velocity than thatpassing through 0, the vacuum created along the outer surface of (J is greater than that produced on the outer surface of O, and consequently the draft between the base of the cone U and the shell is stronger than that between the base of the cone 0 and the shell, and heavier particles are carried up through cone 0 and out through the exhaustpipe. Thus from cone to cone, as the middlings fall through the machine, is the separation conducted by a series of gradual steps, until at the lowest cone the contraction ofthe apex is suflicient to create such a draft between the base of the cone 0 and the shell that all the Waste particles which are ofconsiderablespecific gravity, but of less than the middlings, shall be separated, carried up through the machine, and out through the exhaust-pipe.
As there is no moving air above the base of the cone-distributer O the middlings are unaffected by the blast until after they strike the upper proj ecting lip, c.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1.Inamiddlings-purifier,aseries oftruncated conical distributers provided with openings of an area increasing from the bottom toward the top of the inachine,incombination with the'inclosing air-trunk and suitable mechanism for creating an air-current, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.
2. The sectional shell A, provided with the lips (I, a, in combination with the section B, having its sides suddenly contracted, the series of truncated conical distributers, and a suitable mechanism forcreatiug an air-current, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
FRANCIS M. B tOWN.
\Vitncsses:
J'No. L. UONDRON, 11. K. Evans.
US263472D Machine for purifying middlings Expired - Lifetime US263472A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US263472A true US263472A (en) 1882-08-29

Family

ID=2332747

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US263472D Expired - Lifetime US263472A (en) Machine for purifying middlings

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US263472A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2629491A (en) * 1945-06-11 1953-02-24 Lyons & Co Ltd J Apparatus for winnowing tea
US2739708A (en) * 1951-01-02 1956-03-27 Hall Machinery Of Canada Ltd Separatory apparatus for concentrating asbestos fibers
US2746602A (en) * 1950-04-20 1956-05-22 Hadley R Bramel Separating apparatus
US3024908A (en) * 1957-01-10 1962-03-13 Hartmann Ag Maschf Device for classifying granular material
US3448856A (en) * 1966-10-11 1969-06-10 Continental Carbon Co Apparatus for pneumatically classifying particulate materials

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2629491A (en) * 1945-06-11 1953-02-24 Lyons & Co Ltd J Apparatus for winnowing tea
US2746602A (en) * 1950-04-20 1956-05-22 Hadley R Bramel Separating apparatus
US2739708A (en) * 1951-01-02 1956-03-27 Hall Machinery Of Canada Ltd Separatory apparatus for concentrating asbestos fibers
US3024908A (en) * 1957-01-10 1962-03-13 Hartmann Ag Maschf Device for classifying granular material
US3448856A (en) * 1966-10-11 1969-06-10 Continental Carbon Co Apparatus for pneumatically classifying particulate materials

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1877861A (en) Process of and apparatus for separating materials
US263472A (en) Machine for purifying middlings
US1597261A (en) Grain, fibrous, and other material purifying machine
US1457110A (en) Air separator
US719343A (en) Separator.
US197897A (en) Improvement in apparatus for classifying and concentrating ores
US1135594A (en) Separator.
US1832256A (en) Air classifier
US1306775A (en) Alonzo j
US840724A (en) Pneumatic cleaner and separator.
US1165869A (en) Separator.
US2147911A (en) Pneumatic separator
US234724A (en) F austin prinz
US1165866A (en) Separator.
US688810A (en) Pneumatic separator.
US1787759A (en) Ore separator
US465582A (en) Separating-machine
US417676A (en) Separating-machine
US916257A (en) Ore-concentrator.
US1317015A (en) Separator.
US1165868A (en) Separator.
US868675A (en) Screening collector and separator.
US728473A (en) Air-separator.
US485525A (en) barnard
US546252A (en) Separator