US2633637A - High spot marker - Google Patents

High spot marker Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2633637A
US2633637A US3005748A US2633637A US 2633637 A US2633637 A US 2633637A US 3005748 A US3005748 A US 3005748A US 2633637 A US2633637 A US 2633637A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
wax
marking
sheet
teeth
high
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Victor O Lucia
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DENTISTS SUPPLY CO
Original Assignee
DENTISTS SUPPLY CO
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C9/00Impression cups, i.e. impression trays; Impression methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K6/00Preparations for dentistry
    • A61K6/10Compositions for taking dental impressions

Description

April 7, 1953 v. o. LUCIA HIGH SPOT MARKER Filed May 29, 1948 INVENTOR V/cof? 0. uf/A. y

ATTORNEY Patented Apr. 7, 1 953 HIGH SPOT MARKER Victor 0. Lucia, Teaneck, N. J., assignor to The Dentists Supply York Company of New York, New N. Y., a corporation of New York Application May 29, 1948, Serial No. 30,057

3 Claims. (CD32-19) This invention relates generally to dental devices. More particularly, it is concerned with an improved construction for the types of devices used by dentists for marking teeth in the mouth for the purpose of grinding high spots on the teeth to bring them into occlusion.

In certain types of dental work. such as, for example, the tting of artificial dentures, crowns, bridges and inlays in the mouth, it is necessary to locate and grind olf high spots or cuspal interferences which' prevent opposing teeth from occluding properly. To locate the high spots it has been the practice to employ a sheet of carbon paper, known as articulating paper. Such sheets of articulating paper are held by the dentist with his fingers or with a tool while the patient closes his mouth, biting on the carbon paper and, if necessary, moving the mandible through the usual protrusive and lateral movements employed in the mastication of food, to leave an imprint on the occlusal surfaces of the opposing teeth of any high spots on the teeth which interfere with the desired occlusal contact.

The articulating paper which has been Widely used heretofore has denite disadvantages in that it will smear overall oeclusal surfaces and will show prints where there is nol contact between the teeth by becoming hunched when the teeth are carried through the masticatory movements. 1

One of the main objects of this invention is to avoid these disadvantages and to provide an articulating or high spot marker which does not smear over all surfaces of the `teeth and- Which will mark only the true high spots on the opposing teeth.

A further object of this invention is to pro'- vide a novel marking device of the class described which is clean to handle. which is convenient to use and which can be easily attached to the upper or lower teeth and maintained in position for effective use while permitting the dentist to grind the opposing teeth without 111-, terference or interruption. i

A'still further object of this invention is to provideY a novel dental marking device which is `inexpensive to manufacture and which can be used in the correction of artificial dentures either in the mouth or in an articulator, as well as the correction of natural dentitions and partly articial dentures in the mouth. y 1

Other subjects of my vinvention will herein after become evident from the following descriptionz. Y

This devicev will be more fullydescribed with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which:

Figure 1 shows a plan view in perspective of a laminated high-spot marking wafer embodying this invention, v

Figure 2 is an enlarged view of a section taken along the line 2--2` of Figure 1 looking in the direction of the arrows.

y Figure 3 shows an enlarged sectional appearance of the marking waferduring the biting thereof, a

Figure 4 shows a viewA somewhat similar to Figure l3.

Figure 5 shows an enlarged sectional view similar to Figure 2, but of a modified form ofv my Wafer. Y

Figures 6 and 7 are views similar to Figures 3 andfl but embodying the modified form of my Wafer as shown in Figure 5.

Figures 8, 9 and 10 show plan views of modified `forms of my marking wafers.

Referring now to the accompanying drawings. wherein like reference characters denote similar elements, it will be observed from Figures A1 and 2 that a wafer I generally consists of a laminated sheet, comprising a carrier sheet 2 for a marking substance which is impregnated with or coated on bothsides with such a substance and lamina'tedbetween two sheets of a soft wax'3 and 4. Thelouter Ylayers 3 and d can be of any desired wax or wax-like material, provided that it be non-tacky and sufficiently soft so that the layers 3 and 4 will conform readily to the object imposed on them or pressed into them by light pressure. Such soft wax layers can be compounded, for example, of a mixture of beeswax and parafn, it may be a microcrystalline wax, paraffin wax, or a similar hydrocarbon wax. It may be a vegetable wax, or it may be one Y of those waxes compounded with a minor amount ofmiscible resin or cellulose. derivative. The

:Wax or wax compound which I utilize for these vouter layers must be suiiciently hard to retain its shape and not soil the fingers when handled gently, Soft enough to conform to the shape of a tooth. orown when subjected to a gentle biting `pressure in the mouth. These wax layers should f haveva thickness within the range of 0.1 mm. to -The substance used as a marking material @may .be either'a vwater-soluble dye or a pigment, Hwhich is^non^toxictohumans and of a strong colori-'prefer tense-black or other dark color tto :give amaximum contrast 4with the white or 2.0 mm.- and preferably 0.9 mm. to 1.5 mm.

yellowish white of natural and artificial teeth. I have found carbon black to be a satisfactory pigment for this purpose. The particular carrier Which is chosen for the sheet i will depend upon which type of marking material is chosen. A sheet of a thin textile material or a thin absorbent paper sheet is suitable for use with a dye. For use with Japigment tfype of marking material,"the"carrierr sheet may be, for example, a thin sheet of a textile material, paper or cellophane.

The wafers in iinished form may be in the form of rectangular strips having the approximate surface area .of the'vco'nventienal articu-v lating paper. Alternatively, l'they "may assume any of the shapes l, I-b, l-c and' l-d'a's illus"- trated in Figures 1, 8, 9 and 10. ,It is to A.beclearly understood that the wafers will be of dimensions such that it is suitable `for use in a patients mouth.

Figures 3 and 4 illustrate-ina vqualitative manner the performance oi the marking Vwafer in accordance with this embodiment of my inven- 'tion -i'n marking high 'spots 'on 'a patients molar teeth when bitten between -those teeth. Thesev iigures illustrate the fashion 'in which the 'soft wax "layers 3 and 4 "conform tto the tooth 'crown and allow any truly high spots on the -erwht'o cut through the wax and fcoine into contact with the marking Asubstar'c'e earried by the intermediate Sheet 2, whileY"efectively shielding th'o'se portions cf the occlusal surface which do `not Vcome into "contact or which come into "c'crrect Contact, from the marking material. As a'fresult 'the high :spots en the eeeiusei surface lare feecurately irlarked, with ric confusing 'markinfgf'or surfaces on which grinding isnot indicated. The upper molar Ytooth shown in Figure 3 has y'a high spot and it will lbenct'ed that this Ahigh spot has cut through the upper layer 'of wax 3 to come in contact 'with the 'markiiig layer -2. -I-n ecntrast to this, the `rri'olar teeth-illustrated `in`Figure '4 which has no -higlrspo'ts yljiave 'caused the wax 3 andi to conform to thefsha'pelof the o'ccln'sal surfaces but have mitpeiietratedientiriythrough "these :vfaxlayer's `'to reach *the marking layer 52.

Figure 5 shows ane ged section view f an `embodirr'ie'ent of myfnarkilng wafer'c'onsisting ci 'a marking layer and a singlelayer ofdwax. this llbodmeilt, 'the Wlf' .l D'rSS i2. :Carrier sheet 2-a impregnated fwith "or e'oated "d n one -side 'witha "marking substance "and laminated "to the sheet ll-"aV of Vva V`wax or wax-like material. When a 'coated ca'rrier 'sheet 2-u is utilized the coated vsuie ef the-sneer is placed'next-to the sheet 4-a of the 'wax'orwax-like material.

Figures 6 'and 7 illustrate, in 'a Asomewhateniarged view, the action'ofl this alternative L'ernbodiment of my marking device vwhen bitten the patient. In Figure '6 it will tbe noted that the vlower -molar Vtor'nth 'caif'ries' a `high "spot which lpenetrates vthrcugi-i the wax `or' wax-like lifnateriel to come into contact -Iwith the marking, 2*-fa. Tn

vthe event that this =-rnarking4 sheet/carries a marking substance coated on this surface-'a.iiJ -aceiit to wax or wax-like layer leaf-theupper teeth "will not be marked; alternatively, "if 'the marking layer 2-a is impregnated `with-'a dye 'thefei'tiiie occlusal surfaces fof the 'upper 'teeth 4wi1l fbe markedbut lthis is immaterial since'in'using this type of marker 'the dentist would be concerned 'with only "the 'lower-or the upper'teethfasthe 'c'as'e might beLvat-f-anyeneti'me. Fig-ure 'I lillus- 11er-etes 'the 'fpe'rlferiiianeeef this alternative reim A.ef any-inlandse f-weier'iwiin mittnlbetweenfteetn f '4 which carry no high spots. It will be noted in this ligure that the lower molar tooth has not penetrated entirely through the wax or wax-like sheet 4-a and is not in contact with the marking sheet Z-a and its associated marking substance. To fabricate a wafer, of the type illustrated in Figures l, 2, 3 and 4, utilizing a dye, a thin absorbent sheet 'is 'impregnated with a solution of the dye in'a Vsuitable solvent and the solvent allowed to evaporate to produce a marking layer. Alternately, a sheet is coated on both sides with a pigment suspended in a suitable film-forming vehicle, for example, a molten Wax or a solution of wax in a suitable solvent. The marking sheet is v'then laminated between two sheets of wax or 2. -Wax-like 'material by the application of heat and pressure. The heat and pressure may be applied by pressing the laminate between heated Yplatens l'of a press or by means of hot rolls.

To fabricate a wafer of the alternative type villustrated by Figures 5, 6 vand 'l Vutilizing a dye, a thin absorbent sheet is impregnated with a solution-of Vdye lin Va suitable solvent and the solvent allowed to evaporate to produce a marking layer. marking sheetis then laminated to a sheet of wax or a wax-like material .by the application foi heat and pressure. Alternatively, a vsheet is fcoated on one side with 'a pigment 'suspended in a 4suitable nlm forming vehicle, for example, Va mol- -tenwax ora solution of wax in a suitable solvent. The coated side cf this sheet -is vthen placed Vin contact with 'a sheet of 'wax or v.wax-like material andthe two sheets laminated bythe application roi heat and pressure, When utilizing either of `these -two types of marking sheets the heat 'and pressure may be applied by pressing -the laminate between Aheated Vplatens o'f a press or by passage 'between hot rolls.

In the fabrication of either :of the 'types of high 4spot markers utilizing 'two or three layers, respectively, 'the temperature of the hot platens for rollsasth'e caselmaybeshould -be high enough 'to cause Ylaminatcn but not sufeiently high rto melt the wax or wax-like material. Similarly,

, the pressure applied should be Isuiiicient `'by v'the temperature :employed to cause lamination, ibut insufcient to `create any noticeable `flow Ici the Vwax "or wax=like material.

While I have indicated and described several 'types-ef marking 'Waerconstructicn forcarrying my invention into effect, it will be apparent to 'those-skilled inthe dental 'art that my invention .is by no mean's limited tothe particular'wafers `shown sand described, rbut that many `modifica- ,tionsimay 'bemade Without :departing from the .scope ofimyinvention Las `set forth in fthe appended claims.

:What I claim and desire to vrprotect lby Letters *Patent fare:

l. A laminated dental marking wafer of -asiz fand shape-'adapted to nt into the mouth, comprisring .a relatively'thin `sheet 'carrying a .dark colored smarking-.substance substantially throughout its entireea'rea and laminated between -two relatively thick layers of a seit readilyimoldabletwax,fat leaston'e zof saidwax layers vhaving a thickness vs-'ithinzthe range from-0.9 tmm. -to 1.5 .'mm.

2. A laminated dental :marking wafer of na 'size .fand-shapeiadapted .to .t into'the mouth, com- '.prising 'a 'relatively thin 'sheet :carrying a .dark colored pigment substantially throughout :its entire area, laminated between two :relatively -thick f'layers of -aso'ft wax, said Wax s'being suffi- -ciently-hard to Jretainit's fshape-when .'handlediat room temperature and suiiiciently soft to .'c'onform to the shape of a tooth crown when sub- REFERENCES CITED jected to biting pressure in the mouth.

3. A laminated dental marking wafer of a size l'lef $111150 Iglalgenferences are of record m the and shape adapted to t into the mouth, comprising a relatively thin sheet carrying carbon 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS black pigment substantially entirely throughout Number Name Date its entire area and laminated between two rela- 1,458,062 Keith June 5, 1923 tively thick layers of a soft readily moldable Wax, 1,864,097 Sherman June 21, 1932 capable of being deformed under biting pressure 2,183,624 Schwartz Dec. 19, 1939 Without rupture by properly occluding posterior l0 tooth surfaces and of being pierced under said FOREIGN PATENTS biting pressure by a posterior tooth high spot. Number Country Date VICTOR O. LUCIA. 404,801 Great Britain Oct. 26, 1933

US2633637A 1948-05-29 1948-05-29 High spot marker Expired - Lifetime US2633637A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2633637A US2633637A (en) 1948-05-29 1948-05-29 High spot marker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2633637A US2633637A (en) 1948-05-29 1948-05-29 High spot marker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2633637A true US2633637A (en) 1953-04-07

Family

ID=21852280

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2633637A Expired - Lifetime US2633637A (en) 1948-05-29 1948-05-29 High spot marker

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2633637A (en)

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2644232A (en) * 1950-03-25 1953-07-07 Vahe S Roubian Insulating and medicinal pad for dental cavities
US2674797A (en) * 1951-07-17 1954-04-13 Clawson N Skinner Dentist's tooth-marking chewable body
US2752681A (en) * 1953-11-23 1956-07-03 Jankelson Bernard Wax strip and method of use
US2929143A (en) * 1955-09-12 1960-03-22 Vahe S Roubian Denture adjustment device
US3046658A (en) * 1959-05-25 1962-07-31 Seymour L Joffe Marking device for detecting dental premature contact of opposing teeth
US3421223A (en) * 1967-02-06 1969-01-14 Pascal Co Inc Tooth marking method and means
US3604116A (en) * 1970-01-08 1971-09-14 Harry Shpuntoff Dental impression wafer
US4198243A (en) * 1978-01-19 1980-04-15 Asami Tanaka Coating composition containing a liquid glycol
US4482321A (en) * 1982-09-01 1984-11-13 Tabor Sam H Orthodontists bracket registration wafer
US4547155A (en) * 1984-03-15 1985-10-15 Adler Harold A Shielded dental contact marker
US4654005A (en) * 1985-06-10 1987-03-31 Ohio State University Leaf gage and wafer
DE102004004559A1 (en) * 2004-01-29 2005-08-25 Coltène/Whaledent GmbH + Co. KG Articulating paper with adhesive
DE102004004560A1 (en) * 2004-01-29 2005-09-08 Coltène/Whaledent GmbH + Co. KG Multilayer articulating paper
US20080026345A1 (en) * 2006-07-25 2008-01-31 Jaklinski Jeffrey P Dental device for insertion of a crown
US20080211123A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2008-09-04 Rocky Mountain Morita College Bruxism Evaluating Sheet
EP2626037A1 (en) * 2012-02-07 2013-08-14 Dorothea Prodinger-Glöckl Impression device
US20140099604A1 (en) * 2012-10-08 2014-04-10 Albert J. Kurpis Dental marking product with varying widths and thicknesses for gauging and marking occlusal clearance to facilitate fabrication and installation of a dental restorative element

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1458062A (en) * 1921-06-17 1923-06-05 S H Reynolds Sons Co Dentist's articulating paper
US1864097A (en) * 1927-10-06 1932-06-21 John Q Sherman Manifolding material
GB404801A (en) * 1932-12-23 1934-01-25 Morland & Impey Ltd Improvements relating to copying papers
US2183624A (en) * 1939-12-19 Laminated bite wafer

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2183624A (en) * 1939-12-19 Laminated bite wafer
US1458062A (en) * 1921-06-17 1923-06-05 S H Reynolds Sons Co Dentist's articulating paper
US1864097A (en) * 1927-10-06 1932-06-21 John Q Sherman Manifolding material
GB404801A (en) * 1932-12-23 1934-01-25 Morland & Impey Ltd Improvements relating to copying papers

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2644232A (en) * 1950-03-25 1953-07-07 Vahe S Roubian Insulating and medicinal pad for dental cavities
US2674797A (en) * 1951-07-17 1954-04-13 Clawson N Skinner Dentist's tooth-marking chewable body
US2752681A (en) * 1953-11-23 1956-07-03 Jankelson Bernard Wax strip and method of use
US2929143A (en) * 1955-09-12 1960-03-22 Vahe S Roubian Denture adjustment device
US3046658A (en) * 1959-05-25 1962-07-31 Seymour L Joffe Marking device for detecting dental premature contact of opposing teeth
US3421223A (en) * 1967-02-06 1969-01-14 Pascal Co Inc Tooth marking method and means
US3604116A (en) * 1970-01-08 1971-09-14 Harry Shpuntoff Dental impression wafer
US4198243A (en) * 1978-01-19 1980-04-15 Asami Tanaka Coating composition containing a liquid glycol
US4482321A (en) * 1982-09-01 1984-11-13 Tabor Sam H Orthodontists bracket registration wafer
US4547155A (en) * 1984-03-15 1985-10-15 Adler Harold A Shielded dental contact marker
US4654005A (en) * 1985-06-10 1987-03-31 Ohio State University Leaf gage and wafer
DE102004004559A1 (en) * 2004-01-29 2005-08-25 Coltène/Whaledent GmbH + Co. KG Articulating paper with adhesive
DE102004004560A1 (en) * 2004-01-29 2005-09-08 Coltène/Whaledent GmbH + Co. KG Multilayer articulating paper
US20080211123A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2008-09-04 Rocky Mountain Morita College Bruxism Evaluating Sheet
US7891976B2 (en) * 2004-12-03 2011-02-22 Rocky Mountain Morita Corp. Bruxism evaluation sheet
US20080026345A1 (en) * 2006-07-25 2008-01-31 Jaklinski Jeffrey P Dental device for insertion of a crown
US7744370B2 (en) 2006-07-25 2010-06-29 Jaklinski Jeffrey P Dental device for insertion of a crown
EP2626037A1 (en) * 2012-02-07 2013-08-14 Dorothea Prodinger-Glöckl Impression device
US20140099604A1 (en) * 2012-10-08 2014-04-10 Albert J. Kurpis Dental marking product with varying widths and thicknesses for gauging and marking occlusal clearance to facilitate fabrication and installation of a dental restorative element

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3224441A (en) Method of forming a teeth protector
US3250272A (en) Mouthpiece
US6848905B2 (en) Method of making a dental tray using a patient's teeth as a template
Pound Esthetic dentures and their phonetic values
US674419A (en) Root-canal filling for teeth.
US4138814A (en) Disposable dental tray for topical application of fluoride gel and other dental medications
US3089487A (en) Protective mouthpiece
US4064628A (en) Disposable dental tray for topical application of fluoride gel and other dental medications
US1137585A (en) Dental appliance.
US4459112A (en) Dental jacket crown, coping and method of forming a crown
US3449832A (en) Artificial ceramic tooth
US3303844A (en) Mouth guard
US20050228066A1 (en) Film extruded denture adhesive liner
Axrup et al. Children with thalidomide emrryopathy: Odontological observations and aspects
Lewy et al. LXXII Teflon Injection in the Correction of Velopharyngeal Insufficiency
Kisling et al. Patterns of occlusion in 3‐year‐old Danish children
US3068571A (en) Dental means
JPS53148389A (en) Manufacture for semiconductor device
US6010A (en) Improvement in the manufacture of hats
US2309447A (en) Display device and method of making the same
US2509519A (en) Toilet mask
AWAZAWA Electron microscopy of human cementum
JPS51129449A (en) Multi-layered polymeric composition
US1300592A (en) Beauty-mark.
Hendrick Macroglossia or giant tongue: Case report