US2633085A - Carburetor acceleration pump - Google Patents

Carburetor acceleration pump Download PDF

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Publication number
US2633085A
US2633085A US66170A US6617048A US2633085A US 2633085 A US2633085 A US 2633085A US 66170 A US66170 A US 66170A US 6617048 A US6617048 A US 6617048A US 2633085 A US2633085 A US 2633085A
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piston
pump
carburetor
rod
cylinder
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US66170A
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Robert H Hieger
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Robert H Hieger
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M7/00Carburettors with means for influencing, e.g. enriching or keeping constant, fuel/air ratio of charge under varying conditions
    • F02M7/06Means for enriching charge on sudden air throttle opening, i.e. at acceleration, e.g. storage means in passage way system
    • F02M7/08Means for enriching charge on sudden air throttle opening, i.e. at acceleration, e.g. storage means in passage way system using pumps

Description

March 31, 1953 R. H. HIEGER CARBURETOR ACCELERATION PUMP Filed Dec. 20, 1948 r 6 M MARI M m a w w :5 u i E mH. 3 2 E15 1 m J ccsagcaaaa b M Y Ow 2 w W. w

- BY 6? Q )9, Q ATTORNEY Patented Mar. 31, 1953 UNITED STATES 7 PATENT OFFICE CARBURETOR ACCELERATION PUMP Robert H. Hieger, Detroit, Mich.

Application-December 20, 1948, Serial No. 66,170

Claims. 1

This invention relates to carburetor for internal combustion engines, and more particularly to pump mechanism for supplying acceleration fuel to the engine for acceleration.

Most commercial carburetors as now constructedinclude an acceleration pump actuated whenever the throttle is moved toward open position to force a quantity of fuel, additional to that supplied by the main nozzle, from the fuel reservoir into the induction passage of the carburetor. It frequently happens that, due to defects of design or manufacture, the piston of such a pump becomes misaligned relative to its cylinder, so that it does not operate properly, and with continued use the piston packing becomes worn in such manner that the piston bypasses a considerable amount of fuel.

Such defects of the pump mechanism are difiicult to detect, since commercial carburetors are so constructed that it is impossible (without ap paratus so elaborate as to be commercially impracticable) to measure the quantity and rate of discharge of the pump under various conditions of operation. Also, if defective operation is found or suspected, it is difficult to remedy by means of ordinary shop tools, hence the usual procedure is to return the carburetor to the factory for rea building or reconditioning, supplying to the user a new or reconditioned carburetor, at considerable cost to him.

An object of the present invention is to provide a carburetor comprising improved acceleration pump mechanism not subject to the defects above mentioned.

A further object of the invention is to provide acceleration pump mechanism elements which may be readily installed in existing carburetors in replacement of the corresponding elements with which the carburetor is originally equipped.

Further objects and advantages of the inven-' tion will be apparent from the following descrip tion, taken in connection with the appended drawing, in which: a

Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic view, partly in section, of a carburetor embodying the present invention.

Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional view of the pump "piston and its associated. parts, taken on the line 12- -2 of Fig. 1. I

Fig. 3 is a plan view of the mechanism shown :inFig.2.

Fig. 4 is an exploded view of the piston and its associated parts.

It is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and arrangement of parts illustrated in the accompanying drawing, since the invention is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or carried out in various ways. Also it is to be understood that the phraseology or terminology 2 employed herein is for the purpose of description and not of limitation.

The carburetor shown in Fig. 1 is of the downdraft type commonly used in automobile engines. The carburetor body may be of any known or suitable construction, but as shown comprises a main body section 11!, an air horn section I l, and a throttle body [2. The induction passage of the carburetor comprises an air inlet I4, a venturi I5, and. a mixture outlet l6 designed to be connected to the intake manifold of an internal combustion engine, not shown. The induction passage is controlled in the usual manner by a manually operated throttle 18 which is mounted on a shaft 20 and is controlled by a throttle lever 2| connected to the acceleration pedal of the automobile.

Fuel is supplied to the induction passage from a reservoir 22, whence it flows through passages not shown to a main nozzle discharging at the venturi l5. Suitable economizer mechanism, and also choke valve and idling fuel mechanisms, not shown, will ordinarily be included in the carburetor. The structure thus far described is old.

The acceleration pump comprises a cylinder 24 formed in the main body section 10. In the eX- ample shown, the lower or pumping portion of the cylinder is of smaller diameter than the upper portion, the two portions being joined by a frustoconical section; but the cylinder maybe of true cylindrical form if desired. At the bottom of the cylinder an inlet passage 26 controlled by a check valve 28 connects it with the reservoir 22.

'An outlet passage 30 leads from the pump cylinder to a discharge nozzle 32, which may be of the type disclosed in the copending application of Hieger and Keller, Serial Number 47,385, filed September 2, 1948, now abandoned.

The movable mechanism of the acceleration pump comprises a vertically reciprocable rod 34 which passes through a vertical slot in main body section l0 and is connected to the throttle shaft 20' bya lever 36 and'a link 38, so that upon opening movement of the throttle the rod 34 will be moved downwardly to actuate the pump in known manner. The upper end of the rod 34 is formed with a horizontal arm 40 which extends above the cylinder 24. This represents a commonly used type of actuating mechanism; for other types used in commercial carburetors the piston mechanism described hereinafter may be modified where necessary.

The piston mechanism comprises a piston rod 42 having a slotted upper end 44 which fits slidably over'the arm 40, and a reduced lower end 46 forming a shoulder 41. The end 46 fits loosely in an aperture 48 formed by the inturned upper edges of a sleeve 49. The end 46 is secured to the sleeve 49 by a collar 50 which is press-fitted thereon' at such distance from the shoulder 41 as to provide an annular groove in which the sleeve 49 fits with such clearance as to permit rocking and rotary movement of the sleeve relative to the piston rod 82. Said rocking movement is further facilitated by the loose fit of end 46 in the aperture 48, and by the fact that the upper surface of collar 50 is of rounded or part-spherical contour as shown. The connection between piston rod 42 and sleeve 49 may be said to be a universal coupling as well a a swivel.

The sleeve 49 is press-fitted to the enlarged upper end 54 of a stud which is received therein. The lower end 56 of the stud is press-fitted in an axial bore in a piston head 58. A gasket 60 of leather or similar material is retained between the piston head 58 and a washer 62, which is interposed between the stud 54,56 and the piston head 58. The outer edge of the gasket extends downwardly as shown and is held in contact with cylinder 24 by a toroidal spring 64 in known manner.

In assembling the members just described, the washer 62 and gasket 50 are placed on the stud end 56, and the piston head 58 carrying spring 64 is pressed thereon. The sleeve 49 is placed on piston rod end 46, and collar 50 is pressed thereon to retain the same loosely in position. The stud end Ed is then press-fitted to sleeve 49. A compression spring 66 is then placed over piston rod 42 and held in place by a washer 68, and the upper end of the piston rod is slipped over arm at to complete the assembly.

It will be understood that although press-fitting is the preferred manner of securing the parts 45 and 50, 49 and 54, and 56 and 58 to each other they may be secured together in other known manner if desired.

In operation, the pump functions in the usual manner, fuel being drawn into the pump chamber through passage 26 on the upstroke of the pump. If the throttle I3 is suddenly opened, arm 28 is moved rapidly downwardly, compressing spring 66, which in turn moves the piston mechanism downwardly at a somewhat slower rate, giving a sustained discharge of fuel through the discharge nozzle 32. By reason of the universal and swivel connection between piston rod 42 and the piston head the piston can adjust itself to any irregularities in the alignment of the parts, or to any deviations from the usual manufacturing tolerances, and still function without binding or unnecessary friction.

In installing the piston mechanism as a replacement for the piston mechanism in known types of carburetors, the air horn section H is removed, the original mechanism replaced by the mechanism herein described, and the air horn section replaced.

Although the invention has been described with reference to a particular embodiment thereof, it may be embodied in other forms within the skill of artisans in this art, and is not limited except in accordance with the terms of the following claims.

I claim:

1. Acceleration pump mechanism for a carburetor, said mechanism comprising a pump cylinder having walls made of die cast metal, a piston assembly slidably fitted therein; a piston rod; a connection between said piston assembly and said rod, said connection providing for limited axial lost motion between said piston assembly on the rod and lateral movement to provide for rocking of said piston assembly on said rod and free rotation of said piston assembly on the rod through 360 degrees, said piston assembly including a metal piston head and a flanged non-metallic yielding gasket operatively arranged on said head and adapted to prevent any metal-to-metal contact between said head and the cylinder walls and adapted to exert less pressure on cylinder walls during its suction stroke than on its pumping stroke.

2. The construction defined in claim 1, with the piston assembly thereof including a metal washer arranged over said gasket to hold the same against the piston head, said washer having an outside diameter sufficiently smaller than that of the cylinder to prevent its contact with the cylinder walls in any operative position of the piston assembly.

3. The construction defined in claim 1, with the piston assembly thereof including a metal washer arranged over said gasket to hold the same against the piston head, said washer having an outside diameter sufficiently smaller than that of the cylinder to prevent its contact with the cylinder walls in any operative position of the piston assembly, and a stud having a stem pressed into the piston head and a head holding said washer against the gasket.

4. The construction defined in claim 1, with the piston assembly thereof including a metal washer arranged over said gasket to hold the same against the piston head, said Washer having an outside diameter sufiiciently smaller than that of the cylinder to prevent its contact with the cylinder walls in any operative position of the piston assembly, and a cup having its open end pressed fitted over the head of said stud and provided with a hole in its closed end adapted to be connected to the piston rod end, with said end having diameter sufilciently smaller than the diameter of said hole to provide for rocking of the cap thereon.

5. Acceleration pump mechanism for a carburetor, said mechanism comprising a pump cylinder having metal walls, a piston assembly slidably fitted therein; a piston rod; a connec tion between said piston assembly and said rod, said connection providing for limited axial and lateral lost motion between said piston assembly and said rod to provide for rocking of said piston assembly on the rod and free rotation of said piston assembly on the rod through 360 degrees, said piston assembly including a metal piston head and a flanged non-metallic yielding gasket operatively arranged on said head and adapted to prevent any metal-to-metal contact between said head and the cylinder walls and adapted to exert less pressure on cylinder walls during its suction stroke than on its pumping stroke; said rod having a slotted upper end adapted to receive a pump-actuating member and providing for axial lost motion and relative rocking of said end and said member in two perpendicular directions.

ROBERT H. .HIEGER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

US66170A 1948-12-20 1948-12-20 Carburetor acceleration pump Expired - Lifetime US2633085A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2726887A (en) * 1953-01-05 1955-12-13 Ajax Iron Works Plunger connection for reciprocating pumps
US2832296A (en) * 1954-10-28 1958-04-29 Milton Roy Co Submersion pumps
US2914307A (en) * 1955-09-29 1959-11-24 Acf Ind Inc Carburetor construction
US3328010A (en) * 1965-12-23 1967-06-27 Holley Carburetor Co Carburetor

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1455584A (en) * 1921-08-03 1923-05-15 Graham Howard Tire pump
US1625099A (en) * 1921-11-23 1927-04-19 Imp Brass Mfg Co Pump
US2048727A (en) * 1932-02-20 1936-07-28 Carter Carburetor Corp Carburetor
US2080569A (en) * 1934-09-15 1937-05-18 Geo M And Earl Holley Engineer Downdraft carburetor
US2141594A (en) * 1927-05-09 1938-12-27 Bendix Prod Corp Carburetor
US2312819A (en) * 1942-08-08 1943-03-02 Victor R Heftler Piston and rod connection for pumps
US2352410A (en) * 1943-07-06 1944-06-27 Rushmer John Robbins Piston valve assembly

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1455584A (en) * 1921-08-03 1923-05-15 Graham Howard Tire pump
US1625099A (en) * 1921-11-23 1927-04-19 Imp Brass Mfg Co Pump
US2141594A (en) * 1927-05-09 1938-12-27 Bendix Prod Corp Carburetor
US2048727A (en) * 1932-02-20 1936-07-28 Carter Carburetor Corp Carburetor
US2080569A (en) * 1934-09-15 1937-05-18 Geo M And Earl Holley Engineer Downdraft carburetor
US2312819A (en) * 1942-08-08 1943-03-02 Victor R Heftler Piston and rod connection for pumps
US2352410A (en) * 1943-07-06 1944-06-27 Rushmer John Robbins Piston valve assembly

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2726887A (en) * 1953-01-05 1955-12-13 Ajax Iron Works Plunger connection for reciprocating pumps
US2832296A (en) * 1954-10-28 1958-04-29 Milton Roy Co Submersion pumps
US2914307A (en) * 1955-09-29 1959-11-24 Acf Ind Inc Carburetor construction
US3328010A (en) * 1965-12-23 1967-06-27 Holley Carburetor Co Carburetor

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