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US2629907A - Method of making molds - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2629907A
US2629907A US8836449A US2629907A US 2629907 A US2629907 A US 2629907A US 8836449 A US8836449 A US 8836449A US 2629907 A US2629907 A US 2629907A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
metal
mold
model
sprayed
coating
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Richard H Hugger
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Uniroyal Inc
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Uniroyal Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22CFOUNDRY MOULDING
    • B22C9/00Moulds or cores; Moulding processes
    • B22C9/06Permanent moulds for shaped castings
    • B22C9/061Materials which make up the mould
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S29/00Metal working
    • Y10S29/039Spraying with other step
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/4902Electromagnet, transformer or inductor
    • Y10T29/49069Data storage inductor or core
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31678Of metal
    • Y10T428/31681Next to polyester, polyamide or polyimide [e.g., alkyd, glue, or nylon, etc.]

Description

March 3, 1953 R. H. HUGGER 2,629,907

METHOD OF MAKING MOLDS Filed April 19, 1949 mwza #5744 mm .A TTOFNEY Patented Mar. 3, 1953 METHOD- OF MAKING. MOLDS Richard H. Hugger, Ridgewood, N. J assignor to United States. Rubber Company, New York, N. Y., a, corporation? of New Jersey Application April19, 1949, S'erialN0..88;364:

11 Claims.

This invention, relates to the manufacture Qf: molds wherein a metal negative of a mold model is prepared by spraying metal upon the mold model which may be of any suitable material such as rubber, metal, plaster, wood, etc. After building up the metal negative to a suitable thickness and strength, either by continuedspraying of the same metal or of a, diiierent metal or by electro-deposition or in any other suitable man-. ner, the sprayed metal negative is separated from the mold model.

In attempting to. makev molds by the process just described, a number of serious difficulties arise and as a. consequence no entirely satis-. factory method of making sprayed metal molds hasbeen known to theart. The principal diificulty is that of separating the sprayed metal negative from the model; usually the sprayed metal adheres so tightly to the model that separation is very difficult or often impossible. Another diincultyarises from the fact that at the start of spraying the metal does not adhere to the surface ofthe model because of the force.

of the blast and the lack of adhesion to the surface; expressed otherwise, the deposit. efficiency at. the start. of the spraying is objectionably low. Asa result, a great deal of metal is wasted and. an excessive amount of time is consumed.

Because of the foregoing phenomena, it is almost impossible by prior methods to successfully make a sprayed metal negativeon a smooth or highly finished metal model unless resort ishad to complicated and expensive procedures such as use of an intermediate metal covering on the mold model or of a metal mold model which is heated to an elevated temperature. at least until the model has been entirely covered with sprayed metal.

In the-case of rubber mold models, it has been impossible to obtain satisfactory results because the metal spray blows oil so that it is difficult to start the building-up of the sprayed metal layer and because the metal burns and-penetrates the rubber surface with the result that even though separation be effected in spite of great difficulty, the impression surface of the sprayed metal is rough so that it is not satisfactory as a molding surface.

I have made the surprising and remarkable discovery that the foregoing" difficulties in making sprayed, metal negatives of mold models can be completely; overcome in a simple and economical' manner and without any disadvantages by coating the surface of the mold model evenlywith nylon (which is a synthetic linearcondensation 2 polyamide) before beginning the metal spraying. The n onv coa n exh isf he s rp s ng result that the metaLsprayadheres at once and evenly over the area encountered by the metal spray. There isv no tendency for the metal spray to blow off or bounce off. It is well known in prior prac-a ties that hen... a par cleo molten metalv s a surface it splashes; However, when. it strikes a nylon sur a iit. do s. n t plash. o t i tained uniformly at the, instant of contact. As a result, there is no period of lessened deposit efficiency at the start of spraying; thusgreater production is adepo ible.

Furthermore, the; case of rubber mold. models made of ordinary soft vulcanized rubber and coated with nylon, there, is. no burning or the. rubber, so that the. sprayed metalsurfaee ob-.-. tained on separation is smooth and unbroken, and free from; rubber particles, and the rubber mold model is uninjured and can be used again, and again. This is. in marked contrast to the results obtained when, the nylon coating of my inventionis omitted; inisuch case itis so difiicult.

to get. the metal spray to take that the surface of. the rubber; is actually burned. and; decomposed.

before adhesion. begin Also the. use of nylon makes possible easy separation of. the spraYQd metalfrom the mold: model. Thus nylonv exhibits the surprising ad,- antae s ofcausin much bet er a he io o molten metal spray and at the, same time-per-- mitting subsequent; clean, separation,

In addition totheforegoing advantages bro ght about by the use. of anylon coating on, themoldmodel in accordance with my; inyention, 1, 3 .13? other advantages are obtained, The coating; of nylon may be made verythin, and in this way details of'the mold modelare accurately preserved and reproduced in. the sprayed metal negative surface. It would be difiicult to accurately state the exact. thickness 01" the nylon coating applied, for itmay varywithin. very wide limits. Usuallythe coating has a thicknesssuch asis-v obtainedby applying one coating of a: 11% t0,.:20 solution of nylon in a suitable. organic solvent; andevapcrating the solvent.

A nylon coating provides the necessary high film strength and thermal stability: to withstand the impingement of the molten metal, from the metal spray. gun. Nylons. are readily available which exhibit the desired high, soften ng point required to. withstandv the. molten metal spray. I prefer to. employ those nylon polymers which have softening temperatures of. 300 R. or higher in order that. the coating" obtained shall; not-be 3 melted and deformed to an objectionable extent upon the impingement of the molten metal particles.

As a result of the foregoing advantages, a nylon coating gives very remarkable results as a parting agent in the manufacture of sprayed metal molds.

In making sprayed metal molds in accordance with my invention, inexpensive mold models are almost invariably used and in fact are required for commercial production. Such models may be made of plaster, rubber, wood or metal, including metals of low melting point such as lead and low melting point alloys. The mold models used may be rough or may have any surface configuration whatsoever. For example, the method of my invention enables the most minute patterns or structures in the surface of the model to be accurately reproduced, even though the model be made of rubber or a low melting point metal. The invention is equally applicable to highly finished, i. e., smooth, mold models.

In practicing the present invention, I apply a uniform nylon coating over the entire surface of the mold model in any suitable way. I may apply the nylon in any manner which gives an unbroken film of nylon over the face of the mold model. I find it most convenient to apply the nylon in the form of a solution in any suitable organic solvent which can be volatilized by drying at room temperature or at an elevated temperature. The solids content of the solution used may vary as desired according to the mode of application and the thickness of the coating desired. The solution may be applied to the mold model in any suitable manner, as by dipping, brushing or spraying. For brushing, the nylon content of the solution may typically range from 5-15% by weight. For spraying application, a somewhat lower nylon content, say 1-4% by weight is generally desirable.

Any solvent for nylon may be used in making up the solution. I often use an alcohol-soluble nylon polymer and use a solvent comprising a lower aliphatic saturated monohydric alcohol to dissolve it. Very often I use a mixture of solvents.

A single coatin with the nylon solution is sufficient. However, if desired a plurality of coatings may be applied with drying after each application. The thickness of the nylon coating applied should be suflicient to give good parting of .the sprayed metal mold, but not so great as to obliterate the surface detail of the mold model. The coating should be applied in such manner that the surface of the nylon coating accurately conforms to the surface of the mold model.

After application of the nylon solution, it is dried. As soon as the coating is dry, spraying with the molten metal spray can be begun. After a sprayed metal layer of the desired depth has been built up, with Or without further deposition of metal upon the spray deposit in any suitable manner, for example by continued spraying with the same or a different metal or by electro-deposition, the sprayed metal layer is separated from the mold model by simple mechanical separation.

The manner of spraying the molten metal to build up the sprayed metal layer need not be set forth in detail because it is the well-known and conventional method of spraying molten metal. In the case of porous mold models, especially those made of plaster, separation of the metal negative from the model can be facilitated by application of a solvent to the interface through the porous mold model. Any inert solvent for the nylon may be used for this purpose, the lower aliphatic saturated monohydric alcohols, for example isopropyl alcohol, being usually employed.

The accompanying drawing is a vertical sectional view f a mold model upon which a sprayed metal negative has been deposited in accordance with my invention. The mold model is designated by reference numeral I. To model I there is applied a coating 2 of nylon in the manner described above, the thickness of this coating 2 being greatly exaggerated. Thereafter molten metal is sprayed onto the surface of the coated mold model until a layer 3 has been built up. If desired, the application of the sprayed metal layer 3 may be followed by electro-deposition of more metal in order to make a mold of still greater thickness. Alternatively, there may be superimposed upon layer 3 a sprayed metal layer of another metal. For example, it is often highly desirable t have an initial layer of zinc backed by a sprayed layer of aluminum for strength.

The following formulations are typical of those which may be used to form the nylon coating of my invention.

Example 1 Parts by weight Nylon powder (softening point at least 300 F.) Isopropyl alcohol 176 Denatured ethyl alcohol 44 Furfuryl alcohol 10 Water 5 Example 2 Parts by weight Nylon powder (as in Example 1) 2 Isopropyl alcohol 98 Furfural The foregoing ingredients are mixed in the same manner as in Example 1. The resulting formulation is especially suitable for application by spraying.

Example 3 Parts by weight Nylon powder (as before) 5 Isopropyl alcohol 76 Water 19 These ingredients are mixed as before and give a brushing solution which evaporates somewhat more rapidly than the formulation given in Example 1.

From the foregoing description it will be seen that the present invention provides a very successful solution of the problem of making sprayed metal models. The process of my invention is particularly advantageous because of the ease and rapidity of parting of the sprayed metal mold from the mold model and the uniform and unbroken surface of the sprayed metal mold obtained. The process is simple and economical and is such that the operator can consistently obtain excellent molds without special training. Many other advantages of my invention will be obvious to those skilled in the art.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:

1. A method of making a sprayed metal mold which comprises coating a mold model with a thin. continuous, uniform, smooth coating of a synthetic linear condensation polyamide, spraying molten metal upon the polyamide-coated surface obtained until a sprayed metal layer of the desired thickness has been built up, and sub sequently separating said sprayed metal layer from said mold model.

2. A method as set forth in claim 1 wherein said polyamide is applied to said mold model as a solution in an organic solvent which is thereafter volatilized, thereby forming a thin, continuous, uniform, smooth coating of said polyamide accurately reproducing the surface of the mold model.

3. A method as set forth in claim 1 wherein said polyamide has a softening point of at least 300 F.

4. A method as set forth in claim 1 wherein said polyamide has a softening point of at least 300 F. and is applied as a solution in a solvent comprising a lower aliphatic saturated monohydric alcohol which solvent is thereafter volatilized.

5. A method as set forth in claim 1 wherein said mold model is of rubber and wherein said polyamide protects said rubber against thermal decomposition and causes substantially more rapid adhesion of the molten metal spray and formation of a smooth, unbroken surface of sprayed metal over the rubber mold model.

6. The method which comprises spraying molten metal upon a mold model having over a substantial area thereof which is to be reproduced a thin, continuous, uniform, smooth surface coating of a synthetic linear condensation polyamide until a sprayed metal layer has been built up upon said surface coating, and subsequently separating said sprayed metal layer from said mold model.

7. The method of claim 6 wherein said polyamide has a softening point of at least 300 F.

8. A method of making a sprayed metal mold which comprises coating a porous mold model with a thin, continuous, uniform, smooth coating of a synthetic linear condensation polyamide, spraying molten metal upon the polyamidecoated surface obtained until a sprayed metal layer of the desired thickness has been built up, subsequently applying a solvent for said polyamide to the polyamide coating through the porous mold model and thereby softening said polyamide coating, and separating said sprayed metal layer from said mold model.

9. A method as set forth in claim 8 wherein said solvent is a lower aliphatic saturated monohydric alcohol.

10. As an article of manufacture, a mold model, over a surface of said mold model a thin, uniform, unbroken, smooth coating of a synthetic linear condensation polyamide accurately reproducing said surface, and superimposed upon said coating a sprayed metal layer deposited directly upon said coating by a molten metal spraying operation, said metal layer being readily separable from said mold model as a result of the presence of said coating and also having a smooth unbroken surface adjacent said mold model as a result of the presence of said coating.

11. An article as set forth in claim 10 wherein said polyamide has a softening point of at least 300 F. and wherein said coating is deposited from a solution of said polyamide in a solvent comprising a lower aliphatic saturated monohydric alcohol which is volatilized after application of said solution and prior to the metal spraying operation.

RICHARD H. HUGGER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,179,762 Schoop Apr. 18, 1916 1,688,645 Novotny Oct. 23, 1928 1,796,470 Meyer Mar. 17, 1931 1,813,880 Kraft July 7, 1931 1,928,712 Walsh et a1 Oct. 3, 1933 1,935,916 Ragsdale Nov. 21, 1933 2,024,840 Wright Dec. 17, 1935 2,171,599 Reid Sept. 5, 1939 2,293,571 Stossel Aug. 18, 1942 2,349,290 Loughborough May 23, 1944 2,368,296 Goran Jan. 36, 1945 2,388,701 Nefi Nov. 13, 1945 2,400,518 Kreber et al. May 21, 1946 2,416,041 Austin Feb. 18, 1947 2,440,965 Merril et al. May 4, 1948 2,459,896 Schwarz Jan. 25, 1949 2,479,598 Barber et al Aug. 23, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS 0 Number Country Date 576,875 Great Britain Apr. 24, 1946

Claims (1)

1. A METHOD OF MAKING A SPRAYED METAL MOLD WHICH COMPRISES COATING A MOLD MODEL WITH A THIN, CONTINUOUS, UNIFORM, SMOOTH COATING OF A SYNTHETIC LINEAR CONDENSATION POLYAMIDE, SPRAYING MOLTEN METAL UPON THE POLYAMIDE-COATED SURFACE OBTAINED UNTIL A SPRAYED METAL LAYER OF THE DESIRED THICKNESS HAS BEEN BUILT UP, AND SUBSEQUENTLY SEPARATING SAID SPRAYED METAL LAYER FROM SAID MOLD MODEL.
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Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2816336A (en) * 1955-12-12 1957-12-17 American Steel Foundries Sand mold containing a chill section and method of treating same
US2848774A (en) * 1955-07-21 1958-08-26 Hudson Engineering Corp Sectional molds
US2923041A (en) * 1956-06-18 1960-02-02 Nalco Chemical Co Mold release agents for use in die casting
US2992747A (en) * 1957-10-11 1961-07-18 Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co Protection of surfaces
US3018540A (en) * 1957-11-18 1962-01-30 Sealed Air Corp Methods for making embossing rollers
US3047934A (en) * 1959-02-04 1962-08-07 Gen Tire & Rubber Co Bonding nylon to steel
US3077647A (en) * 1959-07-13 1963-02-19 Gen Motors Corp Parting agent for sprayed metal shells and method for making such shells
US3082516A (en) * 1957-12-03 1963-03-26 Union Carbide Corp Fabrication of metal shapes
US3112539A (en) * 1960-11-17 1963-12-03 Gen Motors Corp Forming articles by arc plasma spraying
US3125787A (en) * 1964-03-24 Method of producing large metal casting cores
US3159012A (en) * 1960-11-25 1964-12-01 Gen Electric Passive transpiration cooling system
US3183289A (en) * 1961-12-15 1965-05-11 Budd Co Method of making a positive face vacuum forming mold
US3204917A (en) * 1960-12-16 1965-09-07 Owens Illinois Glass Co Layered mold
US3401736A (en) * 1963-08-27 1968-09-17 Bridgestone Cycle Ind Co Process for formation of non-abrasive refractory rubbing surface having high thermal conductivity by casting
US3457634A (en) * 1966-03-29 1969-07-29 Sperry Rand Corp Method for fabricating memory apparatus
US3476585A (en) * 1966-10-17 1969-11-04 Weyerhaeuser Co Process of forming coated wood products
US3570400A (en) * 1965-06-08 1971-03-16 Vincent Squitieri Matrix material for molding duplicate printing plates
US3661198A (en) * 1969-01-31 1972-05-09 Roger A Evenson Apparatus for making pontic cores
US3692085A (en) * 1970-05-08 1972-09-19 Lloyd H Brown Process for producing cores by microwave heating
US3751288A (en) * 1971-06-23 1973-08-07 Dow Chemical Co Solidifying a thin layer of metal on plastic film
US3937267A (en) * 1974-01-03 1976-02-10 Kabushiki Kaisha Akita Method of preventing fin occurrence during metal casting
US4027716A (en) * 1974-03-11 1977-06-07 Metallgesellschaft Aktiengesellschaft Method for preparing a continuous casting belt
US4200975A (en) * 1978-05-30 1980-05-06 Western Electric Company, Incorporated Additive method of forming circuit crossovers
DE3320902A1 (en) * 1983-06-09 1985-03-28 Stachniss Vitus Prof Dr Med De Method of producing dental prosthesis parts, especially cast fillings, partial or full crowns
US4562882A (en) * 1984-02-29 1986-01-07 Alleluia Vincent V Method of making a dental prosthesis
US5189781A (en) * 1990-08-03 1993-03-02 Carnegie Mellon University Rapid tool manufacturing
US5383512A (en) * 1993-01-27 1995-01-24 Midwest Research Institute Method for fabricating a substrate having spaced apart microcapillaries thereon
US5619785A (en) * 1995-02-27 1997-04-15 Tambussi; William C. Method of making a metal casket
US5817267A (en) * 1995-11-13 1998-10-06 General Magnaplate Corporation Fabrication of tooling by thermal spraying
US6447704B1 (en) * 2000-05-23 2002-09-10 Gmic, Corp. Thermal-sprayed tooling
US20030034145A1 (en) * 2001-08-03 2003-02-20 Fujitsu Limited Metal object forming method utilizing freezing point depression of molten metal
US20040011495A1 (en) * 2000-05-24 2004-01-22 Jonathon Fischers Mold material processing device, method and apparatus for producing same
WO2004035856A1 (en) * 2002-10-19 2004-04-29 Stephen Anthony Noble Process for metal-coating wood
US20060086474A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2006-04-27 Grigoriy Grinberg Method of venting a spray metal mold
US20110171396A1 (en) * 2010-01-08 2011-07-14 Valerian Pershin Thermally sprayed metal coatings on wood or wood composite surfaces

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US1796470A (en) * 1927-12-12 1931-03-17 Frederick S Meyer Method for making molds for inlays and crowns
US1813880A (en) * 1927-09-06 1931-07-07 Goodyear Tire & Rubber Method of making molds
US1928712A (en) * 1930-01-11 1933-10-03 Celluloid Corp Mold and the process of making same
US1935916A (en) * 1928-06-06 1933-11-21 Budd Edward G Mfg Co Metal die and method of making the same
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US2349290A (en) * 1941-11-01 1944-05-23 Goodrich Co B F Method of improving the adhesion of nylon to rubber
US2368296A (en) * 1943-10-29 1945-01-30 Allis Louis Co Rotor construction
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GB576875A (en) * 1944-05-18 1946-04-24 Callender Suchy Developments L Improvements relating to electro-deposition of metal on non-conductive material
US2400518A (en) * 1942-06-09 1946-05-21 Printing Plates Res Inc Electrotyping
US2416041A (en) * 1940-10-21 1947-02-18 Du Pont Manufacture of coated fabric
US2440965A (en) * 1943-03-19 1948-05-04 Wingfoot Corp Improved tank for hydrocarbon fuels
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1179762A (en) * 1910-04-01 1916-04-18 Metals Coating Company Of America Metallic coating and process of making same.
US1688645A (en) * 1926-02-09 1928-10-23 John Stogdell Stokes Printing plate and method of making the same
US1813880A (en) * 1927-09-06 1931-07-07 Goodyear Tire & Rubber Method of making molds
US1796470A (en) * 1927-12-12 1931-03-17 Frederick S Meyer Method for making molds for inlays and crowns
US1935916A (en) * 1928-06-06 1933-11-21 Budd Edward G Mfg Co Metal die and method of making the same
US1928712A (en) * 1930-01-11 1933-10-03 Celluloid Corp Mold and the process of making same
US2024840A (en) * 1934-06-18 1935-12-17 Edgar J Wright Printing plate and method of making the same
US2171599A (en) * 1937-09-07 1939-09-05 Metallizing Engineering Compan Process of making negatives in metal of metal objects of substantially smooth surface
US2293571A (en) * 1939-05-22 1942-08-18 Otto Stossel Production of spray metal negatives of models
US2416041A (en) * 1940-10-21 1947-02-18 Du Pont Manufacture of coated fabric
US2349290A (en) * 1941-11-01 1944-05-23 Goodrich Co B F Method of improving the adhesion of nylon to rubber
US2400518A (en) * 1942-06-09 1946-05-21 Printing Plates Res Inc Electrotyping
US2388701A (en) * 1942-07-15 1945-11-13 Neff Wallace Method and apparatus for constructing shell-form structures
US2440965A (en) * 1943-03-19 1948-05-04 Wingfoot Corp Improved tank for hydrocarbon fuels
US2368296A (en) * 1943-10-29 1945-01-30 Allis Louis Co Rotor construction
US2479598A (en) * 1944-04-10 1949-08-23 Hiram L Barber Method of making metal molds
GB576875A (en) * 1944-05-18 1946-04-24 Callender Suchy Developments L Improvements relating to electro-deposition of metal on non-conductive material
US2459896A (en) * 1945-01-18 1949-01-25 Schwarz George Silver impregnation

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3125787A (en) * 1964-03-24 Method of producing large metal casting cores
US2848774A (en) * 1955-07-21 1958-08-26 Hudson Engineering Corp Sectional molds
US2816336A (en) * 1955-12-12 1957-12-17 American Steel Foundries Sand mold containing a chill section and method of treating same
US2923041A (en) * 1956-06-18 1960-02-02 Nalco Chemical Co Mold release agents for use in die casting
US2992747A (en) * 1957-10-11 1961-07-18 Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co Protection of surfaces
US3018540A (en) * 1957-11-18 1962-01-30 Sealed Air Corp Methods for making embossing rollers
US3082516A (en) * 1957-12-03 1963-03-26 Union Carbide Corp Fabrication of metal shapes
US3047934A (en) * 1959-02-04 1962-08-07 Gen Tire & Rubber Co Bonding nylon to steel
US3077647A (en) * 1959-07-13 1963-02-19 Gen Motors Corp Parting agent for sprayed metal shells and method for making such shells
US3112539A (en) * 1960-11-17 1963-12-03 Gen Motors Corp Forming articles by arc plasma spraying
US3159012A (en) * 1960-11-25 1964-12-01 Gen Electric Passive transpiration cooling system
US3204917A (en) * 1960-12-16 1965-09-07 Owens Illinois Glass Co Layered mold
US3183289A (en) * 1961-12-15 1965-05-11 Budd Co Method of making a positive face vacuum forming mold
US3401736A (en) * 1963-08-27 1968-09-17 Bridgestone Cycle Ind Co Process for formation of non-abrasive refractory rubbing surface having high thermal conductivity by casting
US3570400A (en) * 1965-06-08 1971-03-16 Vincent Squitieri Matrix material for molding duplicate printing plates
US3457634A (en) * 1966-03-29 1969-07-29 Sperry Rand Corp Method for fabricating memory apparatus
US3476585A (en) * 1966-10-17 1969-11-04 Weyerhaeuser Co Process of forming coated wood products
US3661198A (en) * 1969-01-31 1972-05-09 Roger A Evenson Apparatus for making pontic cores
US3692085A (en) * 1970-05-08 1972-09-19 Lloyd H Brown Process for producing cores by microwave heating
US3751288A (en) * 1971-06-23 1973-08-07 Dow Chemical Co Solidifying a thin layer of metal on plastic film
US3937267A (en) * 1974-01-03 1976-02-10 Kabushiki Kaisha Akita Method of preventing fin occurrence during metal casting
US4027716A (en) * 1974-03-11 1977-06-07 Metallgesellschaft Aktiengesellschaft Method for preparing a continuous casting belt
US4200975A (en) * 1978-05-30 1980-05-06 Western Electric Company, Incorporated Additive method of forming circuit crossovers
DE3320902A1 (en) * 1983-06-09 1985-03-28 Stachniss Vitus Prof Dr Med De Method of producing dental prosthesis parts, especially cast fillings, partial or full crowns
US4562882A (en) * 1984-02-29 1986-01-07 Alleluia Vincent V Method of making a dental prosthesis
US5189781A (en) * 1990-08-03 1993-03-02 Carnegie Mellon University Rapid tool manufacturing
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