US2621261A - Electroacoustic converter - Google Patents

Electroacoustic converter Download PDF

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Publication number
US2621261A
US2621261A US153888A US15388850A US2621261A US 2621261 A US2621261 A US 2621261A US 153888 A US153888 A US 153888A US 15388850 A US15388850 A US 15388850A US 2621261 A US2621261 A US 2621261A
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United States
Prior art keywords
coil
diaphragm
cylindrical
magnet
core
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Expired - Lifetime
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US153888A
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Karlsson Sture Elis
Skog Stig Rune Lennart
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Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB
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Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R9/00Transducers of moving-coil, moving-strip, or moving-wire type
    • H04R9/10Telephone receivers

Description

Patented Dec. 9, 1952 ELECTROACOUSTIC CONVERTER Sture Elis Karlsson and Stig Rune Lennart Skog,
Hagersten, Sweden, assignors to Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson, Hagersten, Sweden, a
company of Sweden Application April 4, 1950, Serial No. 153,888 In Sweden April 21, 1949 1 claim. 1
The present invention relates to electro-acoustic converters. The device comprises a diaphragm which actuates or is actuated by an electro-dynamical system consisting of a moving coil placed on a cylindrical body, which is fixed to the diaphragm or constituting a part of the same, and a magnetic circuit giving a high induction in an air gap, in which the moving coil is located. The diaphragm is in a well known manner enclosed Within the magnetic circuit.
The present invention relates to such a shaping of the coil in an electro-acoustic converter of the above-mentioned kind, that the space available in the air gap may be better utilized, and the difficulties arising by the installation of a moving coil of general type, due to the thinness of the thread, may be eliminated. This is achieved by a device according to the invention in such a way that the coil may constitute one of the windings of a transformer, the iron circuit of which wholly or partly consists of the magnetic circuit.
The invention will be described more closely with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which Fig. 1 shows in cross-section an embodiment of an electro-dynamic telephone receiver according to the invention and Fig. 2 shows the sensibility of the device as a function of the frequency.
In lfig. 1 a part of a suitable container II) for telephone receivers is indicated. The magnetic circuit comprises a cylindrical central part I, which is fixed in the bottom of a, cylindrical cup 3, the free end of said central part being in magnetic contact with a cover 2 of the cup 3. Both the container I and the lid 2 are provided with holes for the passage of sound waves. Around the central part I there is furthermore a ringshaped magnet I5. The central part I, the cover 2 and the cup 3 are so dimensioned and arranged, that they together constitute a magnetically conducting circuit being suitable for the permanent flux of the magnet I5. In the air gap between the magnet I and the central part I a moving coil 5 is arranged connected with a diaphragm 4. The diaphragm 4 is at its outer edge stretched between the cover 2 and the cup 3. Concentrically to the central part I and between the magnet I5 and the bottoni of the cup 3 a winding I6 is provided. In the space, bounded by the diaphragm 4, the cup 3 and the magnet l5, an inserted member 6 is arranged for producing a suitable volume behind the diaphragm. The inserted member 6 is provided with holes 'I of a certain size, and theserholes are covered by silk cloth 9 of a suitable thickness and density.
A characteristic feature of the device is the embodiment of the moving coil 5. It consists of one short-circuited strip of copper, whereby the space between the magnet I5 and the central part I can be utilized better than if the coil should consist of a, plurality of windings insulated from each other. Thereby the difculties are eliminated, which arise by installation of the wire ends to xed contact plates from a movable moving coil of the general type. This embodiment of the coil 5 is enabled by the insertion of the coil I6, whereby the electrical energy may be fed into the device, respectively derived from the same, by a transformer effect. In order to reduce the losses of the iron circuit of the transformer, the details I, 2 and 3 are formed from a so called free cutting steel, which has been treated in a suitable way. For obtaining a high induction in the air gap the magnet I5 is manufactured of a high retentivity magnetic alloy, such as one of the alloys commercially sold under the trade name Alnico The inserted member 6 made of a non-magnetic material produces a displacement of the self resonant frequency towards a higher value. Also the silk cloth 9 placed in front of the holes I serves to give the device an almost constant sensibility as regards the frequency. In Fig. 2 there is shown how the sound pressure varies as a function of the frequency with an input electrical effect of constant magnitude.
We claim:
In an apparatus for reproducing sound, a cy lindrical pole frame having a closed and an open end, a plate having sound transmitting apertures therein closing the otherwise open end of said cylindrical pole frame, a core positioned centrally of and between the closed end of said cylindrical pole frame and said plate, a diaphragm having a rim secured to the cylindrical pole frame and a cylindrical section surrounding said core, a. voice coil concentrically positioned with respect to the cylindrical section of said diaphragm and said core, a second coil surrounding said core intermediate the closed end of the cylindrical pole frame and the voice coil, and a ring shaped permanent magnet of a high retentivity magnetic alloy within the cylindrical pole frame intermediate the closed end of and cover plate on the latter and having a central aperture therein closely receiving said core and forming with the latter a high intensity gap in which said voice coil is positioned, said ring shaped permanent magnet forming with the cylindrical pole frame, the plate and core a paramagnetic circuit for the Voice coil, and with the cylindrical pole frame, closed end of the latter, and core a parallel parama-gnetic circuit for the second coil, both of said paramagnetc circuits being continuous except for the narrow gap between the. wall of the central aperture in the ring shaped permanent magnet and the core.
STURE ELIS KARLSSON.
STIG RUNE LENNART SKOG.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Arkell Jan. 14, 1930 Kellogg May 13, 1930 Bradbury July 14, 1931 Kuehni July 5, 1932 Moynihan Sept. 7, 1943 Collins Feb. 19, 1946 Quam July 5, 1949
US153888A 1949-04-21 1950-04-04 Electroacoustic converter Expired - Lifetime US2621261A (en)

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SE2621261X 1949-04-21

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US2621261A true US2621261A (en) 1952-12-09

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3112005A (en) * 1960-07-28 1963-11-26 Ca Nat Research Council Earphones
US3174578A (en) * 1961-10-06 1965-03-23 Kojima Seiichi Contracted horns with least mouth reflection and some wall leakage
US4341930A (en) * 1979-03-14 1982-07-27 Dual Gebruder Steidinger Gmbh & Co. Electrodynamic loudspeaker
US20030217957A1 (en) * 2002-05-24 2003-11-27 Bowman Joseph H. Heat seal interface for a disposable medical fluid unit
US20080199039A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-08-21 Wisdom Audio Corp. Induction motor for loudspeaker
WO2020161669A1 (en) 2019-02-06 2020-08-13 OLTRAMARE, Michel System for cooling the stationary winding of an induction motor

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1743749A (en) * 1928-01-25 1930-01-14 Gen Electric Electroresponsive device
US1758797A (en) * 1926-08-02 1930-05-13 Gen Electric Loud-speaker
US1814119A (en) * 1929-09-03 1931-07-14 Clifford C Bradbury Loud speaking apparatus
US1866361A (en) * 1930-08-14 1932-07-05 Gen Electric Driving unit for loud-speakers
US2328836A (en) * 1942-02-17 1943-09-07 Joseph B Brennan Loud-speaker and circuit therefor
US2395166A (en) * 1942-12-24 1946-02-19 Astatic Corp Transducer
US2475516A (en) * 1944-07-10 1949-07-05 Quam Nichols Company Support clamp for electrodynamic loud-speakers

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1758797A (en) * 1926-08-02 1930-05-13 Gen Electric Loud-speaker
US1743749A (en) * 1928-01-25 1930-01-14 Gen Electric Electroresponsive device
US1814119A (en) * 1929-09-03 1931-07-14 Clifford C Bradbury Loud speaking apparatus
US1866361A (en) * 1930-08-14 1932-07-05 Gen Electric Driving unit for loud-speakers
US2328836A (en) * 1942-02-17 1943-09-07 Joseph B Brennan Loud-speaker and circuit therefor
US2395166A (en) * 1942-12-24 1946-02-19 Astatic Corp Transducer
US2475516A (en) * 1944-07-10 1949-07-05 Quam Nichols Company Support clamp for electrodynamic loud-speakers

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3112005A (en) * 1960-07-28 1963-11-26 Ca Nat Research Council Earphones
US3174578A (en) * 1961-10-06 1965-03-23 Kojima Seiichi Contracted horns with least mouth reflection and some wall leakage
US4341930A (en) * 1979-03-14 1982-07-27 Dual Gebruder Steidinger Gmbh & Co. Electrodynamic loudspeaker
US20030217957A1 (en) * 2002-05-24 2003-11-27 Bowman Joseph H. Heat seal interface for a disposable medical fluid unit
US20080199039A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-08-21 Wisdom Audio Corp. Induction motor for loudspeaker
US8009857B2 (en) 2007-02-15 2011-08-30 Wisdom Audio Corp. Induction motor for loudspeaker
WO2020161669A1 (en) 2019-02-06 2020-08-13 OLTRAMARE, Michel System for cooling the stationary winding of an induction motor

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