US2616216A - Doll - Google Patents

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US2616216A
US2616216A US721175A US72117547A US2616216A US 2616216 A US2616216 A US 2616216A US 721175 A US721175 A US 721175A US 72117547 A US72117547 A US 72117547A US 2616216 A US2616216 A US 2616216A
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lever
carriage
end
frame
doll
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US721175A
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Fraysur Edward
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Fraysur Edward
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS, BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H13/00Toy figures with self-moving parts, with or without movement of the toy as a whole

Description

E. FRAYSUR Nov. 4, 1952 DOLL 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 Filed Jan. 10, 1947 Nov. r4, 1952 E. FRAYsUR 2,513,215

nom.

Filed Jan. 1o, 1947 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 Fl G. 4.

Nb f n EQWARD FRA YSl/R Patented Nov. 4, 1952 -UNETED STATES ATENT QFFECE DOLL Edward Fraysur, Winchester, Ky. Application January 10, 1947, Serial No. 721,175

(o1. Lia- 120) 3 Claims.

This invention relates to dolls, and more particularly to a mechanical doll having provisions, arrangements and mechanism for simulating going to sleep, awakening and accompanying sounds and movements of the limbs, and with substantially the same eiects and occurrences as with a natural live infant.

This application is a continuation in part oi' my application Serial No. 648,622, filed February 19, 1946, now Patent No. 2,565,603.

The special objects and advantages to be attained will be hereinafter more fully explained in connection with the accompanying drawings illustrative of a practical, but non-limiting embodiment of the invention, in which:

Figure l is a View partly inlongitudinal section and partly in elevation of a doll structure having provisions, arrangements and 'mechanism therein according to the present invention.

Figure 2 is an enlarged detail View of the power spring and gearing for operating the eyelids.

Figure 3 is an elongated side elevational view with portions broken away of the spring-operated crank for actuating the arms and legs of the doll.

Figure 4 is a top plan View of the doll with a portion of the body broken away to show the operating parts therewithin and looking down upon the top of the same.

Referring now to the gures, I represents the main body portion of the doll which is hollow and made of any suitable rigid material, or at least semi-rigid and form-retentive in character, and having a head portion II also hollow. Betweenthe body and head portions is a neck portion I2 also hollow to afford a communicating opening `of ample size between the body and head portions.

Legs I3 and arms I4 are constructed so as to haveat least limited movement, although they are integrally attached to the body portion IIJ. Both the legs and arms are hollow to accommodate operating connections. They are preferably constructed of resilient material, but are generally forrn-retentive in.. -`character. -However, at the crotch portion where the inner and outer portions of the legs andarms may be bent, the crotch portions are reduced somewhat in thickness as at 82, to permit readily the bending of the legs or the arms. If desired, the legs and arms lmay be made in articulated or hingedly-connected sections.

Associated with the openings in the head II for eyes |5 are curved and dished lids I6 which are xed to one end of a-lever I9 which is pivotally mounted at within the head. Figure 1.

The pivot I1 comprises a common transverse part or shaft pivotally supported at its opposite ends in the opposite side walls of the head.

The other end of lever I9 extends from the pivot I'l and is pivotally attached, as at 20, to a link 2|. The link 2| may be made of a piece of stii wire and provided at its free end and at a point intermediate its ends with stop portions' 22 and 23 formed by looping the link into eye formations. These stop portions, however, may be formed in any other suitable manner. Within the body I0 is Xed a supporting frame 24 to which the various mechanisms for eiecting the operation of the eyelids and the legs and armsl are connected. Pivoted to the near end of vsupporting frame 24, as at 25, is a long lever 26 con--l nected by an eye formation 21 thereon with the link 2| to operate between the stop portions 22 and 23. By this provision and arrangement of the lever 26, and with the lever 26 in the position shown in Figure l, in which position the eye portion 21 is in contact with the stop portion 23 of the link 2 I, the link 2| has been moved to a position whereby the eyelid I6 is positioned to cover the eye I5. However, when the lever is'tilt'ed on its pivot 25, and its end portion which cooperatively engages the link 2| is raised, the lid I6 is moved to uncover the eye I5. At times during the pivotal movement of the lever 26 between the full opening and closing positioning of the lid I6 there is considerable lost motion between the stop portions 22 and 23 on the link 2|, whereby the lid I6 remains in either its opened or closed position during these parts of the rocking movement of the lever 26. The portion of the lever 26 within the body I0 normally rests upon a pin 3| carried by a control gear 32, such portion of the lever 26 having a transversely extending cam 28 and an outwardly bent release 29 which slips over the pin 3| during each revolution of the gear. The lever 26 is held normally in contact with the pin 3| by a spring element 28 connecting the opposite end portion of the lever 26 with an adjacent wall portion of the doll body and as shown in Figure 1,v the spring connection between the lever'ZI and the doll body is in the region of the neck portion of the body I0. y

On the supporting frame 24 is a longitudinally slidable carriage 33 guided by pins 34 on the frame and extending through elongated slots 35 of the carriage. This carriage 33 may be Worked by either one of the two Weights 36 or 31 pivoted respectively at the upper end and side of the' supporting frame 24.

The Weight 36 is pivoted as indicated at 38. and when rocked, as by movement of the doll transversely back and forth, will act through linkage 39 to move a transversely extending slide 4I up and down. This slide has a roller 42 cooperating With one end of the carriage 33 and acting upon an inclined track 43. Accordingly, as the roller 42 is moved up and down on the track 43. the carriage 33 will be reciprocated longitudinally along the supporting frame 24.

As the doll lis rocked by tilting the doll up and down, the weight 31 pivoted at 44 to the side of the frame 24 will act through a pin 45 on the carriage 33 to effect a similar reciprocation of the carriage 33. A return spring 46 will return the carriage to its original position.

The carriage 33 has two dogs-41 and 48. The dog 41 acts upon a ratchet wheel 49 to which is connected a pinion gear 56 for rotation therewith, the gear 50 being in meshing engagement with the control gear 32 bearing the pin 3 I. The gear` 32 has .on itsside opposite from the pin 3| a plurality of circumferentially spaced pins I extending laterally therefrom. These pins 5I are adapted to engage in succession a crank arm 52 having a pawl 53 acting upon a ratchet 54to cause the tightening or winding up of a spring Within the housing 55 of a spring motor, Figure 2, The spring motor is indicated by the reference numeral 56. turned to its original position after a pin 5| has passed by ya return spring E1 to bring the arm 52 against a stop 58.

This spring motor 56 acting through a gear train 59 will causerotation of a pinion 6I having abutment means or three laterally extending pins 62. This pinion 6I will be rotated slowly and as one of its pins 62 abuts a second or pivoted lever 63 on the supporting frame 2li it causes the lever 63 to move laterally. The lever 63 will act upon the cam 28 to move the lever 26 laterally and oi the pin 3| so that the lever 26 will pivot in a clockwise direction under the action of the spring 2S whereby to eiect an opening of the eyelids I6.

When the lever is in its down position, and in order for .theV pin l3| to be moved to theunder edgeof the lever to again raise the lever 26, the pin will pass downwardly through the recess 29 ofthe lever so as to gain access to the under edge thereof. As the gear 32 continues to ro tate, the lever 26 vwill be bodily raised by thepin 3| so as to again be put in a position whereby it can'be released by the lateral movement of the lever 53. During this time the doll will have its'lids closed and they will remain closed to simulate sleeping until a later time when the lever 63 again acts upon the cam 23'. This length of time is dependent upon theratio of the various gears connected to or with the spring motor'.

Connected with the lever 26 is a rod 64 ,bent over the supporting frame and its upper end extending down in the rear of the supporting frame 24 for connection with a bellows arrangement which gives forth a loudrvociferous vsound in simulation of an infant when startled or suddenly awakened. It will be noted that this takes place at the same time that the lids Aare opened bythe clockwise rotation of the lever 26.

In order at .this time that the doll will effect a kicking of the legs and arms to further .show that itis awake there is provided a second spring motor 66 which is tightened or wound up; by the dog 48 ofthe carriage 33. This dog li3 acts upon The crank arrn 52 is ref.

4 a ratchet 61 to rotate the same in a counterclockwise direction. The ratchet 61 is held in a position to which it has been rotated by the dog 48 by a retaining dog 68 held in engagement with the ratchet 61 by a spring 69. Should the spring motor 66 be wound up to its full extent its clutch portion 1I will leave the projection 12 whereby the spring 66 will not at any time be tightened to cause its breakage. Extending from the spring motor B6 is a square shaft`13 Vadapted to operate a'ratchet wheel A14 anda crank 15 connected to the wheel, as indicated at 16. This crank connects with one side of the third lever 11 so as to oscillate the lever 11 to give actuation of the legs and arms I3 and I4 respectively through the .connections with the opposite ends of the lever 11 Aas by cables 18 and 19. Each cable 18 is connected to the'foot portion of the leg, as indicated'at 80, and extends through an eye 8| adjacent the knee of the leg. The foot portion will be raised -and can be returned by the natural resiliency of the leg.

Each ,cable 19 extends through an eye V|33 and from thereon intothe arm I4. The connection of the cables 16 andi19 to the lever 11 can be effected in any manner desired. One leg and one arm can be connectedto one side of the lever or both armsor both legs can be connected to one sideof the lever.

In order that the actuation of the arms and legs will be sentinto motion simultaneously with thereleaseof the .lever 26, there is provideda fourth or pivoted lever .84 having one end pointedas indicated at`|$|5,.for Lengagement with a driving ratchet 14. YThe other end of the lever 84- is provided witha projecting lugfwhich underlies the free ,endof the lever 26. As the lever 26 drops down, it will engage thelug 85 of the lever 84, whereby.toreleasethedriving ratchet 14 and permit its rotation-so as to effect the .actuation of the legs and arms. The lever 84 remains out of engagement with vthe ratchet 14 until. by rocking the doll, the Din 3| carried by the control lever'32 liftgthe leverj26. allowing pointed end ISS-to againengage ratchet 14 and stop its'rotation. .Upon continued rocking, the lever 26 is again moved laterally and offthepin 3 I, resulting in the opening of theeyelids I6 and actuation ofthe arms'and legs. In the absence of Yrocking-thereafter, thearms and` legswill move, with the eyes open, until the spring .motor 66 has run down.

It should now be apparent thatthere has been provided Ha doll wherein simulation of sleeping and awakening, as -wellas-voice, can be had.

While various changes may be had Yin the details of the construction, it should be understood that such changes.; shallbe .within the-spiritV and scope of Athe present invention as ,defined bythe appended .,claims.

vIclairn:

l. A simulated sleeping. doll comprising .a body having va head provided withpopena'ble and'clos` able eyelids. a supporting .rrame `secured longitudinaliy withinsaid body, a'carriage disposed longitudinally of .said frame and^mounted on intermediate the ends of the latter and pivotally connected to said frame for longitudinal swinging movement, connecting means between said second weight and said carriage whereby swinging of said weight reciprocates said carriage, an inclined track on said carriage contiguous to said one end of said frame, a rotatable roller on said slide intermediate its ends and engageable with said track whereby said carriage is reciprocated longitudinally by transverse reciprocation of said slide, connecting means between said rst weight and said slide for causing said slide to reciprocate as said rst weight swings, a lever arranged longitudinally of and rcckably supported intermediate its ends on said frame and having one end operatively connected to said eyelids for effecting a closing movement of the latter upon rocking movement of said lever in one direction and an opening movement of the same upon rocking movement of said lever in the opposite direction, a cam on said lever adjacent the other end thereof, a control gear rotatably supported on said frame and having means normally in engagement with said lever for effecting the rocking movements of the latter upon rotation of said control gear, a dog secured to said carriage, ratchet mechanism connecting said dog to said control gear to rotate the gear unidirectionally as the carriage reciprocates, a spring motor wound by said control gear, a pinion rotatably supported on said frame and connected with said spring motor for rotation thereby, abutment means on said pinion, and a second lever arranged laterally of said i'lrst named lever adjacent the other end of the latter and pivotally connected intermediate its ends to said frame and having one end engageable with the abutment means on said pinion and having the other end engageable with the cam on said rst lever to disengage said first lever from said means on said control gear.

2. A simulated sleeping doll comprising a body having a head provided with openable and closable eyelids and movable legs and arms, a supporting frame secured longitudinally within said body, a carriage disposed longitudinally of said frame and mounted on the latter for reciprocatory movement therealong, a slide arranged transversely on said frame adjacent one end thereof and connected to said supporting frame for transverse back and forth movement thereon, a rst weight arranged in parallel spaced relation with respect to said slide and pivotally connected to said one end of said frame for lateral swinging movement, a second weight arranged longitudinally of said frame intermediate the ends of the latter and pivotally connected to said frame for longitudinal swinging movement, connecting means between said second weight and said carriage whereby swinging of said weight reciprocates said carriage, an inclined track on said carriage contiguous to said one end of said frame, a rotatable roller on said slide intermediate its ends and engageable with said track whereby said carriage is reciprocated longitudinally by transverse reciprocation of said slide, connecting means between said first weight and said slide for causing said slide to reciprocate as said rst weight swings, a lever arranged longitudinally of and rockably supported intermediate its ends on said frame and having one end operatively connected to said eyelids for effecting a closing movement of the latter upon rocking movement of said lever in one direction and an opening movement of the same upon rocking movement of said lever in the opposite direction, a cam on said lever adjacent the other end thereof, a control gear rotatably supported on said frame and having means normally in engagement with said lever for effecting the rocking movements of the latter upon rotation of said control gear, a first dog secured to said carriage, ratchet mechanism connecting said dog to said control gear to rotate the gear unidirectionally as the carriage reciprocates, a spring motor wound by said control gear, a pinion rotatably supported on said frame and connected to said spring motor for rotation thereby, abutment means on said pinion, a second lever arranged laterally of said first named lever adjacent the other end of the latter and pivotally connected intermediate its ends to said frame and having one end engageable with the abutment means on said pinion and having the other end engageable with the cam on said iirst lever` to rotate the gear unidirectionally as the carriage reciprocates, a second dog on said carriage, a second spring motor Wound by said second dog, a ratchet carried by said second spring motor, a third oscillatable lever operatively connected to said ratchet and cable means connecting said arms and said legs to said third lever.

3. A doll according to claim 2 including in addition a fourth lever pivotally supported on said frame and having one end engageable with said ratchet and having the other end provided with means underlying and engageable with the the other end of said first lever.

EDWARD FRAYSUR.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 820,843 Arnold May 15, 1906 1,280,055 McCroskey Sept. 24, 1918 1,395,984 McCroskey Nov. 1, 1921 1,582,778 Parsons Apr. 26, 1926 1,606,716 Munyard Nov. 9, 1926 2,148,010 Bowers Feb. 21, 1939 2,290,801 Dale July 21, 1942

US721175A 1947-01-10 1947-01-10 Doll Expired - Lifetime US2616216A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2953869A (en) * 1955-02-28 1960-09-27 Fritz Collischan Toy figure
US3130518A (en) * 1961-01-13 1964-04-28 Glass Movable figure toy
US3154881A (en) * 1960-12-28 1964-11-03 Product Design & Dev Corp Animated doll
US3496672A (en) * 1968-05-08 1970-02-24 William J Pipa Self-winding doll and mechanism
US3601922A (en) * 1970-07-09 1971-08-31 Essie May Schaffer Swimming doll
US5236385A (en) * 1992-02-07 1993-08-17 California R&D Center, Inc. Mechanical doll assembly capable of simulating sleep
US5399115A (en) * 1992-08-04 1995-03-21 Toy Biz, Inc. Blinking doll with power storage mechanism

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US820843A (en) * 1904-05-03 1906-05-15 Oscar Arnold Doll.
US1280055A (en) * 1918-04-22 1918-09-24 Aubrey D Mccrosky Doll.
US1395984A (en) * 1920-07-19 1921-11-01 Bynum B Mccrosky Doll
US1582778A (en) * 1924-11-06 1926-04-27 Averill Mfg Co Doll
US1606716A (en) * 1926-11-09 munyard
US2148010A (en) * 1937-10-09 1939-02-21 Cecilia E Bowers Animated toy
US2290801A (en) * 1941-04-12 1942-07-21 Mechanical Man Inc Display device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1606716A (en) * 1926-11-09 munyard
US820843A (en) * 1904-05-03 1906-05-15 Oscar Arnold Doll.
US1280055A (en) * 1918-04-22 1918-09-24 Aubrey D Mccrosky Doll.
US1395984A (en) * 1920-07-19 1921-11-01 Bynum B Mccrosky Doll
US1582778A (en) * 1924-11-06 1926-04-27 Averill Mfg Co Doll
US2148010A (en) * 1937-10-09 1939-02-21 Cecilia E Bowers Animated toy
US2290801A (en) * 1941-04-12 1942-07-21 Mechanical Man Inc Display device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2953869A (en) * 1955-02-28 1960-09-27 Fritz Collischan Toy figure
US3154881A (en) * 1960-12-28 1964-11-03 Product Design & Dev Corp Animated doll
US3130518A (en) * 1961-01-13 1964-04-28 Glass Movable figure toy
US3496672A (en) * 1968-05-08 1970-02-24 William J Pipa Self-winding doll and mechanism
US3601922A (en) * 1970-07-09 1971-08-31 Essie May Schaffer Swimming doll
US5236385A (en) * 1992-02-07 1993-08-17 California R&D Center, Inc. Mechanical doll assembly capable of simulating sleep
US5399115A (en) * 1992-08-04 1995-03-21 Toy Biz, Inc. Blinking doll with power storage mechanism

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