US2613389A - Combined foot and spring supported caster - Google Patents

Combined foot and spring supported caster Download PDF

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Publication number
US2613389A
US2613389A US115800A US11580049A US2613389A US 2613389 A US2613389 A US 2613389A US 115800 A US115800 A US 115800A US 11580049 A US11580049 A US 11580049A US 2613389 A US2613389 A US 2613389A
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United States
Prior art keywords
caster
shank
ladder
shanks
members
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Expired - Lifetime
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US115800A
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Roy A Cramer
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Roy A Cramer
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Priority to US115800A priority Critical patent/US2613389A/en
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Publication of US2613389A publication Critical patent/US2613389A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60BVEHICLE WHEELS; CASTORS; AXLES FOR WHEELS OR CASTORS; INCREASING WHEEL ADHESION
    • B60B33/00Castors in general; Anti-clogging castors
    • B60B33/04Castors in general; Anti-clogging castors adjustable, e.g. in height; linearly shifting castors
    • B60B33/06Castors in general; Anti-clogging castors adjustable, e.g. in height; linearly shifting castors mounted retractably
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/18Casters
    • Y10T16/212Spring supported
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/18Casters
    • Y10T16/216Caster guard

Description

Oct. 14, 1952 R A, CRAMER 2,613,389 COMBINED FOOT AND SPRING SUPPORTED CASTER Filed sept. 15, 1949' 3nveutor j Gttornegs Patented Oct. 14, 1952 COMBINED FOOT AND SPRING SUPPORTED CASTER Boy A. Cramer, Kansas City, Mo. Application September 15, 1949, Serial No. 115,800

2 Claims.

This invention relates to a caster-mounted step ladder, and more particularly to a ladder which may be moved freely over a surface and be xed in a certain location when weight is placed on the steps of the ladder as by a person mounting the same.

The device is particularly adaptable for use in stockrooms, libraries, bank vaults and other places having objects inaccessible to a person from the floor.

The principal object of the present invention is to provide cup members on the bottoms of the legs of the ladder adapted to receive spring ten sioned casters and movably retain the same therein so that when no weight is on the ladder, the caster will engage the iioor or other surface where the ladder is used.

Other objects of the present invention are to provide a stepladder so that when the weight of the user is placed thereon, the cup members will engage the floor to prevent slipping of the ladder when in use, and when the weight is removed from the ladder, the spring tensioned casters engaging the floor will lift the cup members so that the ladder is readily movable thereover; to provide shanks on the cup members engageable within the hollow legs of the ladder; to provide said Shanks with recesses adapted to accommodate springs for providing tension on the Shanks of the casters and provide a bearing surface for the Shanks of the casters; to provide means for retaining the casters in the Shanks of the cup members, and to provide a device of this character, light in weight, simple, economical to manufacture and efficient in operation.

In accomplishing these and other objects oi the present invention, I have provided improved details of the structure, the preferred form of which is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of my invention.

Fig. 2 is an elevational view of a cup member and caster shown in disassembled relation with parts of the cup broken away to better illustrate the invention.

Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view through a cup member and leg showing the caster in distended position.

Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view of the cup members showing the caster in retracted position.

Fig. 5 is a cross transverse sectional view taken on the line 5-5, Fig. 3.

Referring more in detail to the drawing:

I designates a ladder embodying the features .therein to form a substantially tight t.

2 of my invention, comprising a frame structure having front legs 2 and rear legs 3. The legs are extended upwardly to form side members 4 and 5 of the ladder. The side members are substantially triangular shaped with the vertex of the triangle rounded as indicated at 6, and the front portion of the triangle being at a slightly greater angle than the rear portions thereof. Located between the side members 4 and 5 are frames 1, and El, which are welded to the side members of the framework structure, or which may otherwise be suitably secured thereto. I preferably form the framework structure of tubular material, substantially square in shape, although I do not wish to be limited to any form of structure. The bottom frame 'I is substantially square with its respective corners secured to the frame and a step I0 is provided at the front portion thereof. The `frame 8 is substantially U-shaped and a step II also provided at the iront portion thereof slightly to the rear of the lower step I0. The top frame 9 is also provided with a step portion I2 also slightly to the rear of the second step, and all of the steps are provided with a non-skid material.

Cups or bell-shaped members I3 are provided for housing casters I4. The cups are provided with shanks I5 adapted to engage in the lower ends of the hollow legs 2 and 3 and are pressed The lower end of the Shanks are enlarged slightly as indicated at I6 (Fig. 4) so that when the Shanks are pressed into the legs the lower end of the legs will be belled slightly as indicated at Il. The shanks I5 of the cup members are centrally bored to provide a recess I8 to receive the shanks or pins I9 of the casters I4. The recess I8 is substantially deeper than the length of the caster pin I9 to accommodate a coil spring 2li having one end bearing against the top of the caster pin and the other against the top of the recess in the shank i5 oi the cup member.

Located substantially near the upper end of the shank I9 of the caster is an annular groove 2i. The lower portion of the hollow leg members are provided with openings 22 and the shanks I5 of the cup members are also provided with I threaded openings 23 adapted to receive a threaded shank 24 of a set screw 25, the inner end of the set screw being adapted to engage in the annular groove 2I in the pin of the caster. The set screw provides a stop limiting movement of the caster pin vertically in the recess of the shank of the cup member and retains the casters in the Shanks of the cup members. i

The caster I4 includes the frame 26 in which the shank I9 is rotatably mounted including ball bearings as indicated at 21 (Fig. 3) retained by the housing 28. A roller 29 is secured in the frame by a, pin 30. The open lower edges 3| of the cups are provided with a non-skid covering 32. While I have here shown a U-shaped rubber member for this purpose, other material may be utilized without departing from the spirit of my invention.

With the structure illustrated and described, the coil springs 20 exert pressure on the top of the recesses in the Shanks of the cup members and on the shanks of the casters eiecting relative movement therebetween moving the cup members upwardly to the limit of the annular groove 2l, thus causing cup members to be spaced from the floor and the roller of the caster to engage the floor so that the ladder may be freely moved thereover. This position of the caster is illustrated in Fig. 3. When weight is placed upon the ladder as by a person stepping on the step members, the cup members will be pressed downwardly into engagement with the licor to prevent slippage thereon. The rubber covering for the bottom of the cups will aid in preventing such slippage.

It would be obvious from the foregoing that I have provided an improved caster mounting for step ladders or the like in which the cup members will engage the floor and prevent rolling of the caster wheels thereon when weight is placed on the ladder, and Will automatically be raised from the oor for rolling movement of the ladder on the casters upon weight being removed from the ladder.

I claim:

1 A caster mounting for an article of furniture having a leg with an opening extending axially thereof, a shank, Vthe lower end of said shank having a thickened portion adapted to engage in said opening whereby forcing of the shank in said opening will center the same therein and prevent rotation thereof, said shank being axially bored and having its upper end closed forming a socket therein, a substantially bell-shaped member secured to the lower end of said shank and having a non-skid member on its lower edge, a caster having a stem rotatably mounted in said socket, the upper end of said stem being spaced from the closed end of the shank, a coil spring having one end engaging against'the 'closed end of said shank and its other end against the upper end of the stem on the caster and normally urging the caster downwardly, and means in said shank and stem cooperating to retain the stem in the socket to limit movement of said caster by said spring and adapted to cooperate with a tubular leg to retain the shank in the opening thereof.

2. A caster mounting for an article of furniture having a leg with an opening extending axially thereof, a shank, the lower end of said shank having a thickened portion adapted to engage in said opening whereby forcing of the shank in said opening will center the same therein and prevent rotation thereof, said shank being axially bored and having its upper end closed forming a socket therein, a substantially bell-shaped member secured to the lower end of said shank and having a non-skid member on its lower edge, a caster having a stem rotatably mounted in said socket, the upper end of said stem being spaced from the closed end of the shank, a coil spring having one end engaging against the closed end of said shank and its other end against the up per end of the stem on the caster and normally urging the caster downwardly, said shank having a threaded opening near its lower end which is adapted to align with a similar threaded opening in a tubular leg, the upper end of said stem having a reduced portion forming an annular groove, and a threaded pin adapted to engage in the threaded opening in such leg and engaging in the threaded opening of the shank and having its inner end engaging in 'said annular groove to retain said stem inthe socket and to limit movement of same therein in response to pressure of the spring.

ROY A CRAMER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED rSTA'IIEJS: PATENTS Number Name Date 282,099 McDonald 1 July 31, 1883 615,155 George 1 Nov. 29, 1898 1,064,244 Neugebauer June 10, 1913 1,152,687 Acton Sept. 7, 1915 1,409,150 Blood Mar. 14, 1922 1,749,751 Bergsten Mar. 11, 1930

US115800A 1949-09-15 1949-09-15 Combined foot and spring supported caster Expired - Lifetime US2613389A (en)

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Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2812614A (en) * 1955-04-19 1957-11-12 Edward J Ladyman Suction cup construction
US2819486A (en) * 1955-10-25 1958-01-14 Dick Edison Caster for furniture
US2830545A (en) * 1954-01-21 1958-04-15 Aircraft Tool Engineering Co Castor construction
US2955645A (en) * 1958-12-22 1960-10-11 Harold W Cramer Combined step and stool
US3002761A (en) * 1957-05-20 1961-10-03 Olle M Sundberg Walker
US3216048A (en) * 1963-04-23 1965-11-09 Jespersen Henrik Caster
US3405895A (en) * 1967-01-05 1968-10-15 Hayes P. Perkins Utility christmas tree base
US3493225A (en) * 1967-03-20 1970-02-03 Bernard A Ceraldi Medical examination apparatus
US3641619A (en) * 1970-10-19 1972-02-15 William H Roylance Movable ladder
US3691590A (en) * 1970-06-18 1972-09-19 Drabert Soehne Castors for chairs and other articles of furniture
US3743051A (en) * 1972-02-14 1973-07-03 H Cramer Step stool structure
US3818542A (en) * 1973-02-12 1974-06-25 R Jones Obstacle clearing attachment for caster wheels
US4447012A (en) * 1981-03-12 1984-05-08 Woodruff Harold F Portable reel jack stand
US4700430A (en) * 1985-08-07 1987-10-20 William Raftery Furniture support
US4800910A (en) * 1987-02-24 1989-01-31 The Kendall Company Walker
US5001808A (en) * 1990-03-29 1991-03-26 Chung Chin Fu Shielded castor with spring
US5421636A (en) * 1993-04-14 1995-06-06 Gamble; Carol D. Child stool and high chair
US6125504A (en) * 1998-09-21 2000-10-03 Richards; Tammy L. Chair caster cover
US20030122042A1 (en) * 2002-01-02 2003-07-03 Williams Bill B. Mobile camper support system
US6729826B2 (en) * 2001-06-14 2004-05-04 Joey R. Brehmer Mobile ramp for elevating vehicles
US20050273973A1 (en) * 2004-06-12 2005-12-15 Griepentrog Dennis G Locking roller for an article of furniture
US20050284040A1 (en) * 2004-06-03 2005-12-29 Nippon Light Metal Company, Ltd. Pedestal unit, raised floor skeleton structure, method of installing pedestal unit, and method of producing pedestal frame
US7021324B1 (en) 2003-09-03 2006-04-04 Clay Charles L Walker with cane holder and non-catch castors
US20060145436A1 (en) * 2005-01-03 2006-07-06 Varricchio Domenick R Shopping cart mounted step stool
GB2423113A (en) * 2005-02-15 2006-08-16 Stanley Ernest Harper A platform with retractable wheels
US20080042023A1 (en) * 2006-08-08 2008-02-21 Williams Scott J Roller Foot For An Article Of Furniture
US20150328926A1 (en) * 2014-05-13 2015-11-19 Radoslaw Illing Shield for a Caster Wheel
JP2016504123A (en) * 2013-01-25 2016-02-12 福建施可瑞医療科技股▲ふん▼有限公司 Walking aid
CN105996465A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-10-12 佛山市联智新创科技有限公司 Stably-rotating intelligent automatic-heating dining table
US9585485B2 (en) * 2015-05-15 2017-03-07 Knoll, Inc. Seating device having a tilt mechanism
WO2018051375A1 (en) * 2016-09-15 2018-03-22 Soncin Filippo Carrying stairs with a system to lock the wheels
EP3403850A1 (en) * 2017-05-08 2018-11-21 Wagner System GmbH Castor for furniture
US10271649B1 (en) * 2016-04-25 2019-04-30 Robert M. Bennington Furniture glide and actuating mechanism
US10612302B2 (en) * 2017-02-16 2020-04-07 Wing Enterprises, Incorporated Ladders, foot mechanisms for ladders, and related methods

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US282099A (en) * 1883-07-31 Hugh mcdonald
US615155A (en) * 1898-11-29 Furniture-caster
US1064244A (en) * 1912-06-10 1913-06-10 Kunibert H Neugebauer Disappearing caster.
US1152687A (en) * 1914-12-23 1915-09-07 Robert Acton Step-ladder.
US1409150A (en) * 1919-07-23 1922-03-14 Jewel Phonoparts Company Caster
US1749751A (en) * 1928-02-25 1930-03-11 Bergsten John Furniture caster

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US282099A (en) * 1883-07-31 Hugh mcdonald
US615155A (en) * 1898-11-29 Furniture-caster
US1064244A (en) * 1912-06-10 1913-06-10 Kunibert H Neugebauer Disappearing caster.
US1152687A (en) * 1914-12-23 1915-09-07 Robert Acton Step-ladder.
US1409150A (en) * 1919-07-23 1922-03-14 Jewel Phonoparts Company Caster
US1749751A (en) * 1928-02-25 1930-03-11 Bergsten John Furniture caster

Cited By (40)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2830545A (en) * 1954-01-21 1958-04-15 Aircraft Tool Engineering Co Castor construction
US2812614A (en) * 1955-04-19 1957-11-12 Edward J Ladyman Suction cup construction
US2819486A (en) * 1955-10-25 1958-01-14 Dick Edison Caster for furniture
US3002761A (en) * 1957-05-20 1961-10-03 Olle M Sundberg Walker
US2955645A (en) * 1958-12-22 1960-10-11 Harold W Cramer Combined step and stool
US3216048A (en) * 1963-04-23 1965-11-09 Jespersen Henrik Caster
US3405895A (en) * 1967-01-05 1968-10-15 Hayes P. Perkins Utility christmas tree base
US3493225A (en) * 1967-03-20 1970-02-03 Bernard A Ceraldi Medical examination apparatus
US3691590A (en) * 1970-06-18 1972-09-19 Drabert Soehne Castors for chairs and other articles of furniture
US3641619A (en) * 1970-10-19 1972-02-15 William H Roylance Movable ladder
US3743051A (en) * 1972-02-14 1973-07-03 H Cramer Step stool structure
US3818542A (en) * 1973-02-12 1974-06-25 R Jones Obstacle clearing attachment for caster wheels
US4447012A (en) * 1981-03-12 1984-05-08 Woodruff Harold F Portable reel jack stand
US4700430A (en) * 1985-08-07 1987-10-20 William Raftery Furniture support
US4800910A (en) * 1987-02-24 1989-01-31 The Kendall Company Walker
US5001808A (en) * 1990-03-29 1991-03-26 Chung Chin Fu Shielded castor with spring
US5421636A (en) * 1993-04-14 1995-06-06 Gamble; Carol D. Child stool and high chair
US6125504A (en) * 1998-09-21 2000-10-03 Richards; Tammy L. Chair caster cover
US6729826B2 (en) * 2001-06-14 2004-05-04 Joey R. Brehmer Mobile ramp for elevating vehicles
US20030122042A1 (en) * 2002-01-02 2003-07-03 Williams Bill B. Mobile camper support system
US7021324B1 (en) 2003-09-03 2006-04-04 Clay Charles L Walker with cane holder and non-catch castors
US20050284040A1 (en) * 2004-06-03 2005-12-29 Nippon Light Metal Company, Ltd. Pedestal unit, raised floor skeleton structure, method of installing pedestal unit, and method of producing pedestal frame
US7096533B2 (en) 2004-06-12 2006-08-29 Kruegar International, Inc. Locking roller for an article of furniture
US20050273973A1 (en) * 2004-06-12 2005-12-15 Griepentrog Dennis G Locking roller for an article of furniture
US20060145436A1 (en) * 2005-01-03 2006-07-06 Varricchio Domenick R Shopping cart mounted step stool
GB2423113A (en) * 2005-02-15 2006-08-16 Stanley Ernest Harper A platform with retractable wheels
GB2423113B (en) * 2005-02-15 2008-05-28 Stanley Ernest Harper The scoot along working platform
US7810769B2 (en) 2006-08-08 2010-10-12 Krueger International, Inc. Roller foot for an article of furniture
US20080042023A1 (en) * 2006-08-08 2008-02-21 Williams Scott J Roller Foot For An Article Of Furniture
JP2016504123A (en) * 2013-01-25 2016-02-12 福建施可瑞医療科技股▲ふん▼有限公司 Walking aid
US9283136B2 (en) * 2013-01-25 2016-03-15 Fujian Secure Medical Technology Co. Ltd. Walking aid
US20150328926A1 (en) * 2014-05-13 2015-11-19 Radoslaw Illing Shield for a Caster Wheel
US9539858B2 (en) * 2014-05-13 2017-01-10 Radoslaw Illing Shield for a caster wheel
US9585485B2 (en) * 2015-05-15 2017-03-07 Knoll, Inc. Seating device having a tilt mechanism
US10271649B1 (en) * 2016-04-25 2019-04-30 Robert M. Bennington Furniture glide and actuating mechanism
CN105996465A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-10-12 佛山市联智新创科技有限公司 Stably-rotating intelligent automatic-heating dining table
CN105996465B (en) * 2016-07-05 2018-08-03 佛山市顺德区美迎家具实业有限公司 A kind of automatic heating dining table of the intelligence of spin stabilization
WO2018051375A1 (en) * 2016-09-15 2018-03-22 Soncin Filippo Carrying stairs with a system to lock the wheels
US10612302B2 (en) * 2017-02-16 2020-04-07 Wing Enterprises, Incorporated Ladders, foot mechanisms for ladders, and related methods
EP3403850A1 (en) * 2017-05-08 2018-11-21 Wagner System GmbH Castor for furniture

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