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US2608972A - Guide for hypodermic syringes - Google Patents

Guide for hypodermic syringes Download PDF

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Publication number
US2608972A
US2608972A US9349249A US2608972A US 2608972 A US2608972 A US 2608972A US 9349249 A US9349249 A US 9349249A US 2608972 A US2608972 A US 2608972A
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Prior art keywords
needle
cap
fig
end
plug
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Chrigstrom Knut Vilhelm
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Chrigstrom Knut Vilhelm
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D51/00Closures not otherwise provided for
    • B65D51/002Closures to be pierced by an extracting-device for the contents and fixed on the container by separate retaining means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S215/00Bottles and jars
    • Y10S215/03Medical

Description

Sept. 2, 1952 K. v. cHRlGsTRM 2,608,972

GUIDE FOR HYPODERMIC SYRINGES Filed May 16. 1949 #wf/wwe Patented Sept. 2, 1952 empli non HYronEnMIc sYmNGEs n l Knut Villielm Chrigstrm, Hamniarbyhojden,

v :Sweden Appneatiqiucy 16, 1949, serial', No.; sie/,49e InSweden February 23,1948'r tei-ile injection solutionsare often distributed in bottles and other containers" closed by rubber plugs, which are to 'be punctured by means of the needle of the injection syringe, whereupon the solution is drawn into the syringe and the needle is retracted. The aperture made in the 1 Claim; (Cl. 12S- 272) plug is automatically closed owing to the elasticity of the rubber.

However, on piercing the relatively hard rubber plug the syringe needles, which are often very une, are easily bent or damaged, whereafter it may be risky to use the same.

The present invention has for its object the elimination of this drawback. More particularly the invention refers to a device comprising a cap adapted to be applied to the neck of a container and provided with a relatively thick hollow needle intended to entirely or partially pierce the plug, and to serve as a protective guide for the needle of the injection syringe.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which Fig. 1 is a sectional view of a first embodiment of the device as applied to a bottle neck; Fig. 2 is a plan view of the device shown in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a sectional View corresponding to that shown in Fig. 1 of a second embodiment of the device; Fig. 4 shows a modiiication of the device according to Fig. 3

as viewed from above; Fig. 5 is a side view oi the upper portion of the device according to Fig. 4.

ln the drawing reference numeral I designates the neck of a bottle containing the injection solution. At its upper end the neck is formed with a lateral iiange 2. A rubber plug 3 serves to close the bottle, said plug being provided with an annular flange Il extending downwardly into the neck. The rubber plug 3 may be permanently secured to the bottle neck by means of a metal sleeve member 5, the upper and lower edges of which are bent to engage the upper side of the rubber plug t and the underside of the flange 2, respectively.

The middle portion 6 of the rubber plug 3 is relatively thin and is intended to be punctured by a needle at the removal of injection liquid.

According to Figs. 1 and 2 a cap 'l is used which is applied to the bottle neck and which is provided with a central, relatively thick or coarse hollow needle 3. When applying the cap 'I to the bottle neck the needle 8 easily pierces the rubber plug 3 without being bent or otherwise damaged. Through this relatively thick piercing needle 8 the more easily damaged needle of the injection syringe may beintroduced into the bottle for removal of injection solution. During this operpierces the rubber plug 3 ation the piercing rieedleil` serves as a guide and as a straight and unobstructed I passage for" the ne needleof the' injection syringe andprevents the same from being bent or damaged.

A closure may be provided at the upper end of the piercing needle 8. This closure may be constructed in various ways. As an example Fig. 1 shows a lengthened, flat slide 9 provided with an aperture I0 and mounted between the upper surface of the cap i and the underside of an end piece Il, which is threaded on to the cap 1 and which has a central aperture I2. The ends of the slide 9v protrude through openings I3 and e4 in the cylindrical Side wan of the end piece Il and are preferably bent as shown at I5 and I6. directions so that they unmistakably indicate directions so that they unmistakeably indicate the position of the slide and make it possible to see at once, whether the channel in the piercing needle 8 is open or closed. In Fig. l the slide member is shown as displaced to a position in which it uncovers said channel. By pressing the downwardly extending end IG of the slide the latter is displaced to the right, the channel in the piercing needle 8 being thereby closed. By suitably tightening the end piece II the friction at the displacement of the slide maybe adjusted.

The outer surface I'I of the end piece H is preferably made slightly concave so that the same is easy to clean and to dry.

In the embodiment shown in Fig. 3 the cap 'I is provided with a central short needle 8 which only partially, thus leaving a rubber layer intended to be punctured by the needle of the syringe at the removal of injection solution from the bottle. Said rubber layer, however, is so thin that it cannot damage the iine syringe needle, which is guided by the thick piercing needle 8. rlhe cap 'I may also be provided with an end piece I8 with an aperture and a cylindrical ilange I9. According to the modification shown in Fig. 4 the piercing needle B may also be eccentrically provided within the cap l, the end piece I3 being turnably mounted on the cap and provided with a T-shaped slot 20 in its iiange I9 which slot is engaged by a pin 2l projecting from the cap 'I The end piece I8 is provided with an eccentrically located aperture 22 which in the position of the end piece shown in Figs. 4 and 5 registers with the channel oi the piercing needle 8. By turning the end piece I8 the channel in the needle 8 is closed. The flange I9 is preferably luted as shown in Fig. 5.

If the piercing needle 8 is eccentrically arranged one may, after having pierced the rubber plug 3 at one piace, remove the cap and, after a slight turning, apply the same again to the bottle, the needle 8 then making another aperture in the plug. Since in this case the needle 8 does not entirely pierce the rubber plug, the aperture in the lower portion of the latter, on extracting the syringe needle after filling the syringe With liquid, will be lautomatically closed owing to the elasticity of the material. Thus, there will be no great demand on the tightening between the cap 1 and the turnable closure I8.

Various modifications of the device are conceivable within the scope of the appended claim.

What I claim is:

In a device for facilitating the removal, by means of an injection syringe,'of injection solution from a container whose neck is sealed by means of a member of a pierceable material, a cap adapted to be applied to said neck, a relatively thick hollow needle forming a straight and runobstructed passage secured in an eccentric position to said cap and adapted to pierce said pierceable member and toserve as a protective 4 guide for the one needle ef the injection syringe, and an end piece turnably mounted on said cap and provided with an eccentrically located aperture which may be brought into and out of alignment with the channel of the piercing needle by a turning movement of the end piece.

KNUT VILHELM CHRIGSTROM.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the y iile of this patent:

. UNITED STATES PATENTS Number

US2608972A 1948-02-23 1949-05-16 Guide for hypodermic syringes Expired - Lifetime US2608972A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2797837A (en) * 1954-04-19 1957-07-02 Roberts Charles Buford Stopper for ampoules and the like
US2816550A (en) * 1955-11-14 1957-12-17 Milton A Lapin Dispensing cap
US2818864A (en) * 1955-11-14 1958-01-07 Adapto Inc Guide cap
US3135412A (en) * 1962-03-08 1964-06-02 Cornelius Co Fluid coupling
US3224626A (en) * 1963-01-04 1965-12-21 Nationale Sa Closure construction
US3870183A (en) * 1973-04-09 1975-03-11 Viceroy Mfg Co Closure for liquid containers
US3986962A (en) * 1975-07-10 1976-10-19 Becton, Dickinson And Company Novel assembly for separating blood
US4163500A (en) * 1978-01-23 1979-08-07 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Bottle seal
US4243150A (en) * 1978-01-23 1981-01-06 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Bottle seal
US4673404A (en) * 1983-05-20 1987-06-16 Bengt Gustavsson Pressure balancing device for sealed vessels
US4941517A (en) * 1988-10-20 1990-07-17 Galloway Trust Aseptic fluid transfer apparatus and methods
US5036992A (en) * 1990-03-27 1991-08-06 Mouchawar Marvin L Medicine vial cap for needleless syringe
US5086813A (en) * 1988-10-20 1992-02-11 Galloway Edwin J Aseptic fluid transfer methods
US5343900A (en) * 1988-10-20 1994-09-06 Galloway Company Needle bundle driver and methods
US5891129A (en) * 1997-02-28 1999-04-06 Abbott Laboratories Container cap assembly having an enclosed penetrator
US5904677A (en) * 1995-07-13 1999-05-18 Drummey; Thomas Hartnett Sterile specimen capture device
US5924584A (en) * 1997-02-28 1999-07-20 Abbott Laboratories Container closure with a frangible seal and a connector for a fluid transfer device
US6315145B1 (en) 1995-07-13 2001-11-13 Sticksafe Llc Lid for a specimen container that is adapted to minimize spills and leaks
US6695829B2 (en) 1996-04-22 2004-02-24 Abbott Laboratories Container closure system
US20060108319A1 (en) * 2004-11-24 2006-05-25 Meittunen Eric J Vial attachment to prevent needle sticks
WO2009003563A1 (en) * 2007-06-29 2009-01-08 Merck Patent Gmbh Closure with membrane and rotatable protective cap

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1526342A (en) * 1922-06-26 1925-02-17 John A Jones Can opener and server
US1599741A (en) * 1924-07-10 1926-09-14 Leitz Inc E Blood-transfusions apparatus
US2121123A (en) * 1936-06-08 1938-06-21 Baxter Laboratories Inc Filtering means for liquid containers
US2157503A (en) * 1936-04-10 1939-05-09 Arthur E Smith Ampoule syringe
US2168270A (en) * 1936-11-21 1939-08-01 Nat Drug Co Hypodermic-injection apparatus
US2231564A (en) * 1939-10-02 1941-02-11 Warren B Cooksey Blood transfusion apparatus
US2276421A (en) * 1939-09-23 1942-03-17 Elliotts & Australian Drug Pty Blood transfusion and storage apparatus
US2547099A (en) * 1948-03-11 1951-04-03 Becton Dickinson Co Injection device and ampoule

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1526342A (en) * 1922-06-26 1925-02-17 John A Jones Can opener and server
US1599741A (en) * 1924-07-10 1926-09-14 Leitz Inc E Blood-transfusions apparatus
US2157503A (en) * 1936-04-10 1939-05-09 Arthur E Smith Ampoule syringe
US2121123A (en) * 1936-06-08 1938-06-21 Baxter Laboratories Inc Filtering means for liquid containers
US2168270A (en) * 1936-11-21 1939-08-01 Nat Drug Co Hypodermic-injection apparatus
US2276421A (en) * 1939-09-23 1942-03-17 Elliotts & Australian Drug Pty Blood transfusion and storage apparatus
US2231564A (en) * 1939-10-02 1941-02-11 Warren B Cooksey Blood transfusion apparatus
US2547099A (en) * 1948-03-11 1951-04-03 Becton Dickinson Co Injection device and ampoule

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2797837A (en) * 1954-04-19 1957-07-02 Roberts Charles Buford Stopper for ampoules and the like
US2818864A (en) * 1955-11-14 1958-01-07 Adapto Inc Guide cap
US2816550A (en) * 1955-11-14 1957-12-17 Milton A Lapin Dispensing cap
US3135412A (en) * 1962-03-08 1964-06-02 Cornelius Co Fluid coupling
US3224626A (en) * 1963-01-04 1965-12-21 Nationale Sa Closure construction
US3870183A (en) * 1973-04-09 1975-03-11 Viceroy Mfg Co Closure for liquid containers
US3986962A (en) * 1975-07-10 1976-10-19 Becton, Dickinson And Company Novel assembly for separating blood
US4243150A (en) * 1978-01-23 1981-01-06 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Bottle seal
US4163500A (en) * 1978-01-23 1979-08-07 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Bottle seal
US4673404A (en) * 1983-05-20 1987-06-16 Bengt Gustavsson Pressure balancing device for sealed vessels
US4941517A (en) * 1988-10-20 1990-07-17 Galloway Trust Aseptic fluid transfer apparatus and methods
US5086813A (en) * 1988-10-20 1992-02-11 Galloway Edwin J Aseptic fluid transfer methods
US5343900A (en) * 1988-10-20 1994-09-06 Galloway Company Needle bundle driver and methods
US5036992A (en) * 1990-03-27 1991-08-06 Mouchawar Marvin L Medicine vial cap for needleless syringe
USRE35167E (en) * 1990-03-27 1996-03-05 Mouchawar; Marvin L. Medicine vial cap for needleless syringe
US6315145B1 (en) 1995-07-13 2001-11-13 Sticksafe Llc Lid for a specimen container that is adapted to minimize spills and leaks
US5904677A (en) * 1995-07-13 1999-05-18 Drummey; Thomas Hartnett Sterile specimen capture device
US6695829B2 (en) 1996-04-22 2004-02-24 Abbott Laboratories Container closure system
US5891129A (en) * 1997-02-28 1999-04-06 Abbott Laboratories Container cap assembly having an enclosed penetrator
US5954104A (en) * 1997-02-28 1999-09-21 Abbott Laboratories Container cap assembly having an enclosed penetrator
US6524295B2 (en) 1997-02-28 2003-02-25 Abbott Laboratories Container cap assembly having an enclosed penetrator
US6610041B2 (en) 1997-02-28 2003-08-26 Abbott Laboratories Penetrator for a container occluded by a stopper
US6635043B2 (en) 1997-02-28 2003-10-21 Abbott Laboratories Container cap assembly having an enclosed penetrator
US5924584A (en) * 1997-02-28 1999-07-20 Abbott Laboratories Container closure with a frangible seal and a connector for a fluid transfer device
US20060108319A1 (en) * 2004-11-24 2006-05-25 Meittunen Eric J Vial attachment to prevent needle sticks
WO2009003563A1 (en) * 2007-06-29 2009-01-08 Merck Patent Gmbh Closure with membrane and rotatable protective cap
US20100176080A1 (en) * 2007-06-29 2010-07-15 Merck Patent Gesellschaft Closure with membrane and rotatable protective cap
CN101687581B (en) 2007-06-29 2012-02-22 默克专利股份公司 Closure means having a septum and a rotatable protective cap

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