US2605950A - Ladder jack - Google Patents

Ladder jack Download PDF

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Publication number
US2605950A
US2605950A US109937A US10993749A US2605950A US 2605950 A US2605950 A US 2605950A US 109937 A US109937 A US 109937A US 10993749 A US10993749 A US 10993749A US 2605950 A US2605950 A US 2605950A
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United States
Prior art keywords
sleeves
bars
ladder
rack
wall
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US109937A
Inventor
Edward H Colvin
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Edward H Colvin
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Priority to US109937A priority Critical patent/US2605950A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06CLADDERS
    • E06C7/00Component parts, supporting parts, or accessories
    • E06C7/48Ladder heads; Supports for heads of ladders for resting against objects
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/32Articulated members
    • Y10T403/32008Plural distinct articulation axes
    • Y10T403/32091Plural translating connections
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/19Gearing
    • Y10T74/19642Directly cooperating gears
    • Y10T74/1967Rack and pinion

Description

E. H, cdu/1N Aug.. 5, w52

LADDER JACK Filed Aug. 12, 1949 Patented Aug. 5, 1952 UNITED STATES Il=..rs1\uf OFFICE This invention relates to improvements in ladder supports, and more particularly to an improved jack for spacing the upper end of a ladder away from a wall or the like to facilitate working around projecting cornices, eaves and the like, the primary object of the invention being to provide a safe and dependable device of this kind which is more serviceable and easily usable, and which can be made in a rugged and efcient form at relatively low cost.

Other important objects and advantageous features of the invention will be apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings, wherein merely for present purposes of illustration, a speciiic embodiment of the invention is set forth in detail.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a side elevation, showing the jack extended and showing a ladder supported thereby in diiierent angular positions relative to a wall;

Figure 2 is a bottom plan view;

Figure 3 is an enlarged, contracted longitudinal sectional view taken on the line 3--3 of Figure 2; Y

Figure 4 is an enlarged fraznentary longitudinal section taken on the line 4--12 of Figure 2.

Referring in detail to the drawings, wherein like numerals designate like parts throughout the several views, the illustrated device comprises a base composed of a transversely-elongated plate 5 to rest iush against a wall l6 relative to which a ladder I is to be supported, a right angular plate 8 secured along the lower edge of the plate 6 and spaced from its ends. Secured to the upper side of the plate 8 and to the side face of the plate 5 near the ends of the plate are two parallel squared bars 9, 9 having rack teeth I0 formed in their lower edges.

Slidably supported on the rack bars '9 are similar rectangular cross-section sleeves II, which, as shown in Figure 3, have a major portion of the length thereof slidably engaged with the bars, the top wall I2 being engaged with the tops of the bars and the lower walls I3 being engaged with the rack teeth I ii.

The forward end of the lower sleeve wall I3 has a declining portion It closed by an end wall I5 having an opening i5 passing the bar 9, the resultant acting as a housing for the pinion I'I meshed with the 'bar teeth Ii) and iixed on the axle I8 which extends between and through both sleeves Il and has an operating crank I9 on vone end. An opening 20 under the pinion in thewall portion I3 exposes the pinion. A set screw Il locks the pinion Il, as shown in Figurei.

A locking pin 2l on a chain 22 attached to one of the sleeves II is adapted to engage between any two adjacent rack teeth II), through aligned holes 23 formed in the side walls of the sleeve to lock the bars 9 in adjusted position. As shown in Figure 3, the pin also engages the declining lower wall portion I 14.

The rearward ends of the sleeves II have their upper walls I2 rearwardly inclined above the bars 9, as indicated at 24, with accompanying extensions of the side walls, the rearward ends of the sleeves being closed by walls 25 having openings 22 in the lower part thereof passing the rack bars 9.

A transverse brace 21 is fixed to extend between the rearward ends of the sleeves II and rigidly connects the sleeves together.

On the laterally-outward side of each sleeve near the rearward end thereof is a rectangular open stirrups 28 to conformably receive corresponding ones of the stiles 29 of the ladder 1. Riveted pins or bolts 3l, positioned over center on a level above the horizontal center plane of the rack bars 9, secure the stirrups swingably along the outer sides of the sleeves and with suffe cient snugness to make the stirrups work stify to avoid vagrant pivoting thereof. The pivoting of the stirrups 28 enables the device to support the Aladder I securely against the wall 6 in an angular position or in a parallel position, as shown in dotted lines in Figure 1.

I claim:

1. In a ladder jack, a pair of laterally spaced rack bars, a wall engaging base extending between and xed to one of the ends of the, rack bars, a sleeve having a ladder stile engaging means mounted on each of said bars for sliding movement therealong, brace means extending between and xed'to the sleeves at one end of the sleeves, a shaft extending between and journaled in the sleeves at the other ends of the sleeves and having one end projecting beyond one of said sleeves, pinions on the shaft engaged with the rack bars, a crank on the projecting end of said shaft for operating the shaft, and a pin insertable through opposed openings formed in one of said sleeves and engageable between adjacent teeth of the rack bar in the Vlast named one of said sleeves for locking the sleeves in any select position of their sliding movement.

2. In a ladder jack, a pair koi laterally spaced rack bars, a wall engaging base extending between and fixed to one of the ends of the rack bars, a sleeve having a ladder stile engaging means mounted on each of said bars for sliding 3 movement therealong, brace means extending between and fixed to the sleeves at one end of the sleeves, a shaft extending between and journaled in the sleeves at the other ends of the sleeves and having one end projecting beyond one of said sleeves, pinions on the shaft engaged with the rack bars, a crank on the projecting end of said shaft for operating the shaft, and a pin insertable through opposed openings formed in one of said sleeves and-engageable between adjacent teeth of the rack bar'in" the last named one of` said sleeves for locking the sleeves in any select position of their sliding movement, said ladderV REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 10,720 Andrews Apr. 4, 1854 120,543 Smith Oct. 31, 1871 1,522,292 E'rissle Jan. 6, 1925 2,384,939 Lord". Sept.` 18, 1945

US109937A 1949-08-12 1949-08-12 Ladder jack Expired - Lifetime US2605950A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US109937A US2605950A (en) 1949-08-12 1949-08-12 Ladder jack

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US2605950A true US2605950A (en) 1952-08-05

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2739493A (en) * 1951-06-22 1956-03-27 Bethlehem Supply Company Adjustable counterbalance crank
US2741141A (en) * 1951-04-19 1956-04-10 Parkersburg Rig & Reel Co Counterbalances
US3179205A (en) * 1962-01-08 1965-04-20 Claude L Rowlette Ladder bracket
US3675735A (en) * 1970-12-29 1972-07-11 Loren C Bailey Ladder mounting means for chalk line
US3710894A (en) * 1971-03-10 1973-01-16 Ulace J O Dell Ladder platform attachment
US4280590A (en) * 1980-05-29 1981-07-28 Polizzi Enterprises Stabilizing attachment for ladders
US4369860A (en) * 1980-12-03 1983-01-25 Beane Tim E Ladder with bracket attachments
US4698032A (en) * 1984-06-04 1987-10-06 Hill David A Control unit for outboard marine motor assembly
US4766962A (en) * 1986-10-27 1988-08-30 J. I. Case Company Furrow forming apparatus for attachment to a tool bar
FR2660965A1 (en) * 1990-04-13 1991-10-18 Cerda Rene Device for holding and spacing a ladder
FR2791731A1 (en) * 1999-03-30 2000-10-06 Bernard Jean Michel Duthu Safety device for fitting to back of high ladder comprises two arms which can be moved towards or away from each other across width of ladder on rod with thread which reverses half way along and which cooperates with bearing on each arm
US6419047B1 (en) * 1999-08-11 2002-07-16 Harold Frederick Adshead Portable ladder having resistance to slippage
US20090026013A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2009-01-29 Daniel Grenon Adjustable and transportable scaffolding
US20140166397A1 (en) * 2012-12-07 2014-06-19 Chad Reynolds Ladder Stabilization Clamp

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10720A (en) * 1854-04-04 Drop and die forging- and punching machine
US120543A (en) * 1871-10-31 Improvement in sash-balances
US1522292A (en) * 1924-06-17 1925-01-06 Enssle William Attachment for ladders
US2384939A (en) * 1945-01-29 1945-09-18 Byron C Lord Portable ladder and adjustable platform assembly

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10720A (en) * 1854-04-04 Drop and die forging- and punching machine
US120543A (en) * 1871-10-31 Improvement in sash-balances
US1522292A (en) * 1924-06-17 1925-01-06 Enssle William Attachment for ladders
US2384939A (en) * 1945-01-29 1945-09-18 Byron C Lord Portable ladder and adjustable platform assembly

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2741141A (en) * 1951-04-19 1956-04-10 Parkersburg Rig & Reel Co Counterbalances
US2739493A (en) * 1951-06-22 1956-03-27 Bethlehem Supply Company Adjustable counterbalance crank
US3179205A (en) * 1962-01-08 1965-04-20 Claude L Rowlette Ladder bracket
US3675735A (en) * 1970-12-29 1972-07-11 Loren C Bailey Ladder mounting means for chalk line
US3710894A (en) * 1971-03-10 1973-01-16 Ulace J O Dell Ladder platform attachment
US4280590A (en) * 1980-05-29 1981-07-28 Polizzi Enterprises Stabilizing attachment for ladders
US4369860A (en) * 1980-12-03 1983-01-25 Beane Tim E Ladder with bracket attachments
US4698032A (en) * 1984-06-04 1987-10-06 Hill David A Control unit for outboard marine motor assembly
US4766962A (en) * 1986-10-27 1988-08-30 J. I. Case Company Furrow forming apparatus for attachment to a tool bar
FR2660965A1 (en) * 1990-04-13 1991-10-18 Cerda Rene Device for holding and spacing a ladder
FR2791731A1 (en) * 1999-03-30 2000-10-06 Bernard Jean Michel Duthu Safety device for fitting to back of high ladder comprises two arms which can be moved towards or away from each other across width of ladder on rod with thread which reverses half way along and which cooperates with bearing on each arm
US6419047B1 (en) * 1999-08-11 2002-07-16 Harold Frederick Adshead Portable ladder having resistance to slippage
US20090026013A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2009-01-29 Daniel Grenon Adjustable and transportable scaffolding
US20140166397A1 (en) * 2012-12-07 2014-06-19 Chad Reynolds Ladder Stabilization Clamp

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