US2603486A - Push and pull exerciser - Google Patents

Push and pull exerciser Download PDF

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Publication number
US2603486A
US2603486A US4028148A US2603486A US 2603486 A US2603486 A US 2603486A US 4028148 A US4028148 A US 4028148A US 2603486 A US2603486 A US 2603486A
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Prior art keywords
device
levers
push
lever
end
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Hughes Samuel
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Joseph Borroughs
Brooke Petray
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/22Resisting devices with rotary bodies
    • A63B21/225Resisting devices with rotary bodies with flywheels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/40Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof
    • A63B21/4041Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof characterised by the movements of the interface
    • A63B21/4047Pivoting movement
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/0002Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements involving an exercising of arms
    • A63B22/001Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements involving an exercising of arms by simultaneously exercising arms and legs, e.g. diagonally in anti-phase
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/0048Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with cantilevered support elements pivoting about an axis
    • A63B22/0056Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with cantilevered support elements pivoting about an axis the pivoting movement being in a vertical plane, e.g. steppers with a horizontal axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/03575Apparatus used for exercising upper and lower limbs simultaneously
    • A63B23/03583Upper and lower limbs acting simultaneously on the same operating rigid member
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2208/00Characteristics or parameters related to the user or player
    • A63B2208/02Characteristics or parameters related to the user or player posture
    • A63B2208/0228Sitting on the buttocks
    • A63B2208/0233Sitting on the buttocks in 90/90 position, like on a chair

Description

I July 15, 1952 s, HUGHES 2,603,486

PUSH AND PULL EXERCISER Filed July 23, 1948 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 INVENTOR. 5A MUEL HUGHES A T TOR/VEYS July 15, 1952 s. HUGHES 2,603,486

PUSH AND PULL EXERCISER Filed July 25. 1948 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 SAMUEL l5 #2 Ma W ATTORNEYS i a tented july 155, i952 UNI-TED STATE PUSH AND PULL EXERCISER I Samuel Hughes, Oakland,

Calif.',. assignor to J ose'ph 'Borroughs and Brooke Petray, Oakland,

Application July 23, 1948, Serial No. 40,281

1 Claim. (01. era-79) 1 v This invention relates to an exercising device. The objector thisinvention is to providean exercising device for a human body-which device has means for moving arms, legs and the body of aperson. T

Another object of this invention is to provide a device of the type described in which the legs and the arms of a person may move'in unison or oppositely to one another.

Another object of this invention is to provide a device of the type described which permits vigorous and forceful exercise, and which can be selectively adjusted for a variety of leg and arm motions.

I am aware that some changes may be made in the general arrangements and combinations of the several devices and parts, as well, as in the details of the construction thereof without departing from the scope of thepresent'invention as set forth in the following specification, and as defined in the following claims; hence I do not limit my invention to the exact arrangements and combinations of the said device and parts as described in the said specification, nor do I confine myself to the exact details of the construction of the said parts as illustrated in'the accompanying drawings.

With the foregoing and other objects in view, which will be made manifest in the following detailed description, reference is had to the accompanying drawings for the illustrative embodiment of the invention, wherein:

Fig. l is a perspective View of the device.

Fig. 2 is a longitudinal vertical cross section of the device, some parts being shown in eleva-' tion.

Fig. 3 is a side view of the device with the easing broken off to show the clutch arrangement.

Fig. 4 is a plan view of the device taken on the line 44 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a cross sectional view taken along the line 5-5 of Fig. 4; and

Fig. 6 shows details of the clutch arrangement, in section, the section being taken substantially on lines 6-6 of Fig. 5.

In detail my device consists of a substantially rectangular box I containing a mechanism, said box being supported on a pair of parallel longitudinal frame members 2 extending therethrough. The members 2 are supported at the rear end on a back standard 3 resting on two widely spaced legs 4, and at the front end on a 7 front standard 6, so that the weight of the device is distributed among said legs 4 and the front standard 6, thus rendering the device stable.

The top of the front standard 6 is formed with a horizontal cross bar 1, which rotatably carries a lever 8 on one end and a lever 9- on the other end thereof. The levers B and 9 extenddownwardly from said cross bar 1 and have their extremities bent outwardly at right anglesto form pedals II.

and each has a fork l2 on. its upper end. The outer ends of each fork are spanned by a hand grip roller l3. v

A seat I6 is slidably held on av longitudinal bracket I5 on the top of said box I so that it may be adjusted to any position relative to said levers, to accommodate persons of various sizes who maycomfortably rest their feet on-said pedals II and reach the hand grips l3. v T The mechanism inside of the box I consists of a comparatively heavy fly wheel l9 keyed to a stubshaft 2|, the latter being journalledin the lower frame member 2 nearer to the front standard 6. The fly wheel I9 is connected by means of a small pulley 22 also keyed to said stub shaft 2|, and a belt 23 to a large pulley 24. The large pulley 24 is keyed to a shaft 26 rotatably journalled in said lower frame member. The shaft 26 carries on its other end a freely rotating disc 21 which may be operatively-locked to said shaft by any clutch arrangement 28. For the purpose of illustration I have shown said clutch as consisting of a clutch plate 29 rotatable with the shaft 26 and slidable thereon. The plate 29 is provided with a plurality of holes 3| and 32 adapted to be engaged by a pin 33 carried by the disc 21, which pin locks the plate and the disc together. The clutch plate 29 is operated by a yoke 34 having pins 36 engaging a collar 21 on said clutch plate 29.

The yoke 34 is integral with a shifting lever 38 fulcrumed at 39 to a support 4| on the frame member 2, which lever 38 has a handle 43 thereon protruding above the top 44 of said box I. A compression spring 46 between the collar 45 and the clutch plate 29 presses the latter against the wheel 21 and its pressure may be overcome by shifting the lever 38 to the left, looking at Fig. 5, for the purpose of disengaging said clutch plate 29 from the disc 21. The clutch arrangement 28 is provided for the purpose of locking.

the wheel 21 and the pulley 24 together in either of the two relative positions defined by the loca tion of the holes 3l and 32, generally apart. A link 41 has one end thereof journalled on the outer face of the pulley 24 andthe other end thereof to the lever 8.

Said levers also extend upwardly from said bar I substantially the same distance o r 3 An identical link 48 is journalled on the outer face of the disc 21 at one end and on the lever 9 at its other end. The links 41 and 48 are journalled at equal radial distance with respect to the center of rotation of the shaft 26, and also equidistant below the journals of the levers 8 and 9,'which latter are in parallel planes.

The device is operated as follows: a person sits on the seat l6 and adjusts it to a comfortable position. The levers 8 and 9 may be either in parallel direction, as shownin Fig. 3, or angularly offset, as shown in Figures 1 andfl2, depending upon the relative position of the disc 21-to the clutch plate 29. Supposing, that thelever's a and 9 are parallel, the person puts his feet on the pedals I I, takes hold of the hand grips l3 and proceeds to stretch and push his legs against the pedals II and simultaneously to pull the hand grips I3. The combined efforts of his legs and armsv would cause the levers 8 and 9 to oscillate forth and backin unison, slowly atthe beginning asth energydeveloped by said person shall be 'used for gradually increasing the momentum of the flywheel 19. The speed of oscillation increases slowly on account of the inertia of said After exercising for a time desired, the person shall apply considerable effort to stop th'emovement of said levers 8 and 9. When the movement of said levers is stopped the person may, by pushing the handle 43, disconnect the clutch plate 29 from the disc 21 and release the clutch plate 29 after it is turned to change the position of the levers 8 and 9 fromparallel to angular, a's shown in Figures 1 and 2, in which case the pin 33 shall engage the hole 32 in the clutch plate 29. By this arrangement the lever 9 moves oppositely to the I lever 8, thereby forcing the operator to move his legs and arms in a diiferent manner andin different positions than the above described. In

tively at will.

It is to be noted that between the holes 31 and 32 a number of other holes may be provided if desired, and in accordance into what hole the pin 33 is inserted, the lever 9 may take some intermediate position between the positions as shown in Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 and accordin ly provide still a different type of exercise. Also in place of the flywheel a motor may be substituted for exercising by force exerted on legs and arms.

I claim:

An exercising device comprising a frame, a seat on the frame; a pair of oscillating levers journailed to the front end of said machine, said levers having pedals on the lower ends thereof to beiengaged by feet of the operator, and handgrips on the upper ends thereof to be engaged by the hands of the operator a shaft attached to the frame, a disk and a pulley rotatably carried by said shaft, a link connecting one of the levers to a disk, a second link connecting the second lever to the pulley, a clutch between said disk and the pulley for selectively connecting the same in various angular relations to each other, an wheel carried by said frame, and means-operatively connecting said fly wheel with the pulley.

SAMUEL HUGHES."

REFERENCES CITED The following. references are of record in the file of this patent: UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 281,489 Girard July 17, 1883 326,247 Root Sept. 15, 1885 7 330,430 Seller Nov. 17, 1885 1,909,002 Oehlbe'rg May 16, 1 933

US2603486A 1948-07-23 1948-07-23 Push and pull exerciser Expired - Lifetime US2603486A (en)

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Cited By (77)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2783044A (en) * 1953-07-28 1957-02-26 Sbarra Dominic Gregory Orthopedic exercising machines
US3704886A (en) * 1970-10-26 1972-12-05 George Kay Exercising machine with spring-return pedals and pull lines
US4077626A (en) * 1974-11-13 1978-03-07 Joe Westley Newman Exercising machine
US4313603A (en) * 1980-10-14 1982-02-02 Simjian Luther G Exercise apparatus
US4390180A (en) * 1980-10-14 1983-06-28 Simjian Luther G Exercise apparatus
US4509742A (en) * 1983-06-06 1985-04-09 Cones Charles F Exercise bicycle
US4586706A (en) * 1985-03-13 1986-05-06 Wen-Kuei Lee Two-stage exercise bike
US4712790A (en) * 1987-04-20 1987-12-15 Schwinn Bicycle Company Cycle exerciser
US4880225A (en) * 1988-07-28 1989-11-14 Diversified Products Corporation Dual action cycle exerciser
US4949954A (en) * 1989-05-04 1990-08-21 Hix William R Jointed bicycle-simulation device for isometric exercise
WO1990010475A1 (en) * 1989-03-16 1990-09-20 Ernst Hans Erik Berg A method for exercising or training muscles and equipment for carrying out the method
EP0403472A1 (en) * 1988-02-29 1990-12-27 John Harry Pitre Resistance exercise apparatus.
US5242343A (en) * 1992-09-30 1993-09-07 Larry Miller Stationary exercise device
US5304108A (en) * 1991-01-14 1994-04-19 Craig Denega Resist/assist exerciser and its use
US5518473A (en) * 1995-03-20 1996-05-21 Miller; Larry Exercise device
US5527246A (en) * 1995-01-25 1996-06-18 Rodgers, Jr.; Robert E. Mobile exercise apparatus
US5529555A (en) * 1995-06-06 1996-06-25 Ccs, Llc Crank assembly for an exercising device
US5540637A (en) * 1995-01-25 1996-07-30 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus having a preferred foot platform orientation
US5549526A (en) * 1995-01-25 1996-08-27 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus
US5562574A (en) * 1996-02-08 1996-10-08 Miller; Larry Compact exercise device
US5573480A (en) * 1995-01-25 1996-11-12 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus
US5577985A (en) * 1996-02-08 1996-11-26 Miller; Larry Stationary exercise device
US5591107A (en) * 1995-01-25 1997-01-07 Rodgers, Jr.; Robert E. Mobile exercise apparatus
US5593372A (en) * 1995-01-25 1997-01-14 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus having a preferred foot platform path
US5595553A (en) * 1995-01-25 1997-01-21 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus
US5611758A (en) * 1996-05-15 1997-03-18 Ccs, Llc Recumbent exercise apparatus
US5653662A (en) * 1996-05-24 1997-08-05 Rodgers, Jr.; Robert E. Stationary exercise apparatus
US5685804A (en) * 1995-12-07 1997-11-11 Precor Incorporated Stationary exercise device
US5690589A (en) * 1995-01-25 1997-11-25 Rodgers, Jr.; Robert E. Stationary exercise apparatus
US5738614A (en) * 1995-01-25 1998-04-14 Rodgers, Jr.; Robert E. Stationary exercise apparatus with retractable arm members
US5743834A (en) * 1995-01-25 1998-04-28 Rodgers, Jr.; Robert E. Stationary exercise apparatus with adjustable crank
US5779600A (en) * 1995-12-19 1998-07-14 Pape; Leslie Rowing simulator
US5916065A (en) * 1998-02-10 1999-06-29 Stamina Products, Inc. Multiple leg movement exercise apparatus
US6045487A (en) * 1996-02-08 2000-04-04 Miller; Larry Exercise apparatus
US6123650A (en) * 1998-11-03 2000-09-26 Precor Incorporated Independent elliptical motion exerciser
US6165107A (en) * 1999-03-18 2000-12-26 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Flexibly coordinated motion elliptical exerciser
US6183398B1 (en) 1998-07-23 2001-02-06 Unisen, Inc. Exercise trainer with a stride multiplier
US6238321B1 (en) 1999-10-14 2001-05-29 Illinois Tool Works, Inc. Exercise device
US20020049122A1 (en) * 1998-07-23 2002-04-25 Fred Mercado Exercise and therapeutic trainer
US20020160887A1 (en) * 1997-02-18 2002-10-31 Patrick Warner Free wheel clutch mechanism for bicycle drive train
USD473273S1 (en) 2002-03-06 2003-04-15 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise bicycle handlebar
USD474252S1 (en) 1997-02-18 2003-05-06 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise bicycle frame
US6557679B1 (en) 1997-02-18 2003-05-06 Nautilus, Inc. Free wheel clutch mechanism for bicycle drive train
US6626802B1 (en) 1999-12-22 2003-09-30 Robert E. Rodgers, Jr. Stationary type of exercise apparatus that enables movement of the user's feet in a reciprocating motion
US20030224911A1 (en) * 1997-02-18 2003-12-04 Patrick Warner Free wheel clutch mechanism for bicycle drive train
US6689019B2 (en) 2001-03-30 2004-02-10 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise machine
US20040058784A1 (en) * 2001-07-11 2004-03-25 Roberts Robert E. Stationary type of exercise apparatus that enables movement of the user's feet in a reciprocating motion
US20040077463A1 (en) * 2002-02-26 2004-04-22 Rodgers Robert E. Stationary exercise apparatus with pivoting foot platforms
US6752744B2 (en) 1999-10-14 2004-06-22 Precor Incorporated Exercise device
US20040248705A1 (en) * 2003-06-06 2004-12-09 Rodgers Robert E. Variable path exercise apparatus
US20040248711A1 (en) * 2003-06-06 2004-12-09 Rodgers Robert E. Exercise apparatus that allows user varied stride length
US20040248708A1 (en) * 2003-06-06 2004-12-09 Rodgers Robert E. Variable stride exercise apparatus
US20040248704A1 (en) * 2003-06-06 2004-12-09 Rodgers Robert E. Compact variable path exercise apparatus
US20040248710A1 (en) * 2003-06-06 2004-12-09 Rodgers Robert E. Exercise apparatus with a variable stride system
US20050026753A1 (en) * 2003-07-29 2005-02-03 Huang-Tung Chang Surfing exerciser
US20050049117A1 (en) * 2003-08-29 2005-03-03 Rodgers Robert E. Striding simulators
US20050107219A1 (en) * 2003-11-18 2005-05-19 Miller Larry D. Arm motion assembly for exercise device
US20050124467A1 (en) * 2003-12-04 2005-06-09 Rodgers Robert E.Jr. Pendulum striding exercise devices
US20050124466A1 (en) * 2003-12-04 2005-06-09 Rodgers Robert E.Jr. Pendulum striding exercise apparatus
US7025710B2 (en) 1998-07-23 2006-04-11 Unisen, Inc. Elliptical exercise device and arm linkage
US20060100065A1 (en) * 1995-06-30 2006-05-11 Maresh Joseph D Exercise methods and apparatus
US7097593B2 (en) 2003-08-11 2006-08-29 Nautilus, Inc. Combination of treadmill and stair climbing machine
US7169089B2 (en) 2003-06-06 2007-01-30 Rodgers Jr Robert E Compact variable path exercise apparatus with a relatively long cam surface
US7172532B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2007-02-06 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise device tubing
US7175570B2 (en) 1997-02-18 2007-02-13 Nautilus, Inc. Exercise bicycle frame
US7270626B2 (en) 2004-01-23 2007-09-18 Octane Fitness, Llc Exercise equipment with automatic adjustment of stride length and/or stride height based upon direction of foot support rotation
US7361122B2 (en) 2004-02-18 2008-04-22 Octane Fitness, Llc Exercise equipment with automatic adjustment of stride length and/or stride height based upon speed of foot support
US7448986B1 (en) 2004-02-18 2008-11-11 Octane Fitness, Llc Exercise equipment with automatic adjustment of stride length and/or stride height based upon the heart rate of a person exercising on the exercise equipment
US7455626B2 (en) 2001-12-31 2008-11-25 Nautilus, Inc. Treadmill
US7462134B2 (en) 2003-06-23 2008-12-09 Nautilus, Inc. Variable stride exercise device
US20090075786A1 (en) * 2007-09-13 2009-03-19 Merli Christopher R Seated exercise apparatus
US7731636B2 (en) 2006-05-05 2010-06-08 Nautilus, Inc. Resistance system for an exercise device
US7785235B2 (en) 2003-06-23 2010-08-31 Nautilus, Inc. Variable stride exercise device
US20110028277A1 (en) * 2007-09-13 2011-02-03 Christopher Merli Seated exercise apparatus
USRE42698E1 (en) 2001-07-25 2011-09-13 Nautilus, Inc. Treadmill having dual treads for stepping exercises
US8419598B2 (en) 2005-02-09 2013-04-16 Precor Incorporated Adjustable total body cross-training exercise device
WO2013109141A1 (en) 2012-01-20 2013-07-25 Ramdas Saileshkoemar Training device

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Cited By (130)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2783044A (en) * 1953-07-28 1957-02-26 Sbarra Dominic Gregory Orthopedic exercising machines
US3704886A (en) * 1970-10-26 1972-12-05 George Kay Exercising machine with spring-return pedals and pull lines
US4077626A (en) * 1974-11-13 1978-03-07 Joe Westley Newman Exercising machine
US4313603A (en) * 1980-10-14 1982-02-02 Simjian Luther G Exercise apparatus
US4390180A (en) * 1980-10-14 1983-06-28 Simjian Luther G Exercise apparatus
US4509742A (en) * 1983-06-06 1985-04-09 Cones Charles F Exercise bicycle
US4586706A (en) * 1985-03-13 1986-05-06 Wen-Kuei Lee Two-stage exercise bike
US4712790A (en) * 1987-04-20 1987-12-15 Schwinn Bicycle Company Cycle exerciser
EP0403472A1 (en) * 1988-02-29 1990-12-27 John Harry Pitre Resistance exercise apparatus.
EP0403472A4 (en) * 1988-02-29 1991-03-13 John Harry Pitre Resistance exercise apparatus
US4880225A (en) * 1988-07-28 1989-11-14 Diversified Products Corporation Dual action cycle exerciser
WO1990010475A1 (en) * 1989-03-16 1990-09-20 Ernst Hans Erik Berg A method for exercising or training muscles and equipment for carrying out the method
US5242351A (en) * 1989-03-16 1993-09-07 Berg Ernst H E Flywheel inertial exercise device
US4949954A (en) * 1989-05-04 1990-08-21 Hix William R Jointed bicycle-simulation device for isometric exercise
US5509878A (en) * 1991-01-14 1996-04-23 Denega; Craig Resist/assist exerciser and its use
US5304108A (en) * 1991-01-14 1994-04-19 Craig Denega Resist/assist exerciser and its use
US5242343A (en) * 1992-09-30 1993-09-07 Larry Miller Stationary exercise device
US5383829A (en) * 1992-09-30 1995-01-24 Miller; Larry Stationary exercise device
US5690589A (en) * 1995-01-25 1997-11-25 Rodgers, Jr.; Robert E. Stationary exercise apparatus
US5527246A (en) * 1995-01-25 1996-06-18 Rodgers, Jr.; Robert E. Mobile exercise apparatus
US5938567A (en) * 1995-01-25 1999-08-17 Ccs Fitness, Inc. Stationary exercise apparatus
US5540637A (en) * 1995-01-25 1996-07-30 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus having a preferred foot platform orientation
US5549526A (en) * 1995-01-25 1996-08-27 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus
US5924962A (en) * 1995-01-25 1999-07-20 Ccs Fitness, Inc. Stationary exercise apparatus
US5573480A (en) * 1995-01-25 1996-11-12 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus
US5813949A (en) * 1995-01-25 1998-09-29 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus having a preferred foot platform orientation
US5591107A (en) * 1995-01-25 1997-01-07 Rodgers, Jr.; Robert E. Mobile exercise apparatus
US5593372A (en) * 1995-01-25 1997-01-14 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus having a preferred foot platform path
US5593371A (en) * 1995-01-25 1997-01-14 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus
US5595553A (en) * 1995-01-25 1997-01-21 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus
US5611757A (en) * 1995-01-25 1997-03-18 Rodgers, Jr.; Robert E. Mobile exercise apparatus
US5772558A (en) * 1995-01-25 1998-06-30 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus
US5637058A (en) * 1995-01-25 1997-06-10 Ccs, L.L.C. Stationary exercise apparatus
US5766113A (en) * 1995-01-25 1998-06-16 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus having a preferred foot platform path
US5743834A (en) * 1995-01-25 1998-04-28 Rodgers, Jr.; Robert E. Stationary exercise apparatus with adjustable crank
US5683333A (en) * 1995-01-25 1997-11-04 Ccs, Llc Stationary exercise apparatus
US5738614A (en) * 1995-01-25 1998-04-14 Rodgers, Jr.; Robert E. Stationary exercise apparatus with retractable arm members
USRE38803E1 (en) 1995-01-25 2005-09-27 Robert E. Rodgers, Jr. Stationary exercise apparatus having a preferred foot platform path
US5518473A (en) * 1995-03-20 1996-05-21 Miller; Larry Exercise device
US5755642A (en) * 1995-03-20 1998-05-26 Miller; Larry Exercise device
US5529555A (en) * 1995-06-06 1996-06-25 Ccs, Llc Crank assembly for an exercising device
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US7344480B2 (en) 1995-06-30 2008-03-18 Maresh Joseph D Exercise methods and apparatus
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