US2600407A - Protective device - Google Patents

Protective device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2600407A
US2600407A US131885A US13188549A US2600407A US 2600407 A US2600407 A US 2600407A US 131885 A US131885 A US 131885A US 13188549 A US13188549 A US 13188549A US 2600407 A US2600407 A US 2600407A
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United States
Prior art keywords
terminals
protective device
line
member
fuses
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Expired - Lifetime
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US131885A
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Le Roy W Kelsay
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Nokia Bell Labs
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Nokia Bell Labs
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Priority to US131885A priority Critical patent/US2600407A/en
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Publication of US2600407A publication Critical patent/US2600407A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01TSPARK GAPS; OVERVOLTAGE ARRESTERS USING SPARK GAPS; SPARKING PLUGS; CORONA DEVICES; GENERATING IONS TO BE INTRODUCED INTO NON-ENCLOSED GASES
    • H01T4/00Overvoltage arresters using spark gaps
    • H01T4/08Overvoltage arresters using spark gaps structurally associated with protected apparatus
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/738Interface circuits for coupling substations to external telephone lines
    • H04M1/74Interface circuits for coupling substations to external telephone lines with means for reducing interference; with means for reducing effects due to line faults
    • H04M1/745Protection devices or circuits for voltages surges on the line

Description

June 17, 1952 LE ROY w, KELSAY 2,600,407

PROTECTIVE DEVICE Filed Dec. 8, 1949 FIG. 6

LINE TERM 0 W '5 FUSE 4 INVENTOR L. n. KELSAV ATTORNEY Patented June 17, 1952 PROTECTIVE DEVICE Le Roy W. Kelsay, West Point Pleasant, N. J assignor to Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application December 8, 1949, Serial No. 131,885

1 Claim.

This invention relates to protective devices and more particularly to a moisture-proof device, such as disclosed in my Patent 2,058,594, October 27, 1936, for protecting telephone lines from hazards resulting from lightning and exposure to power lines and is an improvement over the protective device.

For the protection of telephone lines, it is customary to install at the subscribers premises, a protective device arranged to aiford protection from high voltages induced by lightning discharges and also, where the occasion arises, afford protection from induced surges or accidental contact with neighboring power lines. Protection against light charges induced by lightning or other surges is afforded by open spaced cut-outs or spark gaps which provide a path to ground for the discharges. In order to protect against heavy lightning discharges or excessive current resulting from contact with a power line, fuse elements are provided to open the circuit when the fiow of current is of an order to present a fire hazard.

One object of this invention is to improve protective devices from the standpoints of compactness and decrease in size without deleteriously affecting the operating characteristics.

Another object of this invention is to facilitate the construction of protective devices.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a protective device constructed of a suitable molded insulating material, in which the components are embedded and connected together in such a manner that they are impervious to the entrance of moisture.

A still further object of this invention is the elimination of a common, large open spaced outout.

The protective device of this invention comprises a body member of molded insulating material, for example a phenolic condensation product, having embedded therein suitable terminals for the connection of fuses thereto. Also embedded in the body member, adjacent certain of said terminals, and connected thereto by conducting straps embedded in said body, are open spaced cut-outs or spark gaps which provide a path to ground for lightning discharges.

Located adjacent certain of the terminals are upwardly projecting bosses having arcuate grooves therein to provide for the accurate positioning of the fuses with respect to their terminals and to provide a gas block if a cover, of the type shown in my Patent 2,058,584, heretofore mentioned, is used.

These and other features of my invention will be clearly understood from the following detailed description when read with reference to the following drawing in which:

Fig. 1 is a plan View of a protective device illustrative of one embodiment of this invention;

Fig. 2 is a rear elevational view;

Fig. 3 is a side elevational view;

Fig. i is a fragmentary sectional view taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 4;

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on line 5-5 of Fig. 1; and

Fig. 6 is a schematic of the open spaced outout and shows the circuit associated therewith.

As shown in the various figures of the drawing, the protective device of this invention comprises a block or body In member of molded insulating material, provided with line terminals lI-Ii, instrument terminals lZ-IZ and a ground terminal 13. Located adjacent the instrument terminals I2l2, and embedded in the body member II) are the open spaced cut-outs I4-l4. These cut-outs, as shown in detail in Figs. 4 and 5, are substantially the same as the protective units shown in my pending application Serial No. 131,884, filed December 8, 1949, and are of the air-gap type and comprise cylindrical shells having mounted therein a carbon block CB which under the influence of a coil spring is held in juxtaposition with respect to the grounded portion of the cut-out.

The carbon blocks CB, of the cut-outs |4-l4, are at ground potential and are connected to the ground terminal l3 by straps l5 embedded in the block [0, as shown in Fig. 5, while the shells of the cut-outs are connected to the instrument terminals l2--l2 by the embedded conducting straps 16, as shown in detail in Fig. 4. The ground terminal I3 is connected to a suitable ground when the protective device is in service.

Fig. 6 illustrates the manner in which the cutouts l4--I4 are connected in the circuit and also the internal construction thereof. The normal talking circuit may be traced as follows; from the line terminal II, through the fuse FU to one side of the instrument terminal Hi, to the subscribers instrument (not shown). In the event of a lightning discharge impressed on the line, the circuit will be from the line terminal ll, through the fuse FU through the terminal I2, to the shell of the cut-out l4, across the air-gap in the cut-out to the carbon block, thence to ground through the ground terminal l3. When a high sustained voltage is impressed on the line, the fuse FU, will blow and open the circuit.

3 As shown in the drawing, fuses FU-FU are connected between the line terminals l |H and the instrument terminals l2l2 and are held in place by means of the spring clips l1. These fuses are of the well-known tubular type and are provided with one or more vents or slots 18.

Located in the sides of the body member ID, underlying the fuses EU and adjacent the slots [8, are arcuate channels l9 and 20. These channels are provided with upstanding walls 2| and 22, which serve as barriers to protect the terminals from ionized gases when the fuses blow and tend to direct the gases away from the protective unit.

Integral with the body member 10 and projecting from the upper surface thereof are the arcuate shaped bosses 23 and 24; these bosses are adjacent the line terminals H and serve as locating means for the accurate positioning of the fuses and also provide a gas block when, as

shown in my Patent 2,058,594, a cover is used which employs a cap on the interior thereof.

While I have shown and described the preferred embodiment of my invention, it is to be understood that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention.

What is claimed is:

A protective device comprising a body member of insulating material, a pair of line terminals molded in said member at one end thereof and contiguous therewith, a pair of instrument terminals molded in said member at the other end thereof and contiguous therewith, a ground terminal molded in and contiguous to said member at the other end thereof and positioned between said instrument terminals, a pair of air gap arrestors each molded in and contiguous to said member and each adjacent a respective one of said instrument terminals and positioned adjacent said ground terminal, each of said air gap arrestors comprising a metallic shell, a carbon block in said shell but insulated therefrom and spring means positioning said carbon block in spaced juxtaposition to a portion of said shell, a first pair of conductive straps molded in and entirely surrounded by said member electrically connecting said shells to said instrument terminals within said member, a second pair of conductive straps molded and entirely surrounded by said member electrically connecting said carbon blocks to said ground terminals within said member, whereby the electrical connections effected between and by each of said terminals, air gap arrestors and conductive straps molded in said body member are impervious to the entrance of moisture, contact springs on said line and instrument terminals, venting fuses positioned between said springs and extending between said line and instrument terminals, and arcuate naped bosses integral with said body member, extending above the surface thereof, adjacent said line terminals for accurately positioning said vented fuses.

LE ROY W. KELSAY.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the his of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,058,59 Kelsey Oct. 27, 1936 2,2235% Baker Dec. 3, 1940

US131885A 1949-12-08 1949-12-08 Protective device Expired - Lifetime US2600407A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2826661A (en) * 1952-11-06 1958-03-11 Gen Telephone Lab Inc Flash shield
US4333121A (en) * 1980-08-15 1982-06-01 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated Fused station protector
US4335415A (en) * 1980-02-07 1982-06-15 Hooberry William D Antenna lightning arrestor
US4447848A (en) * 1982-05-10 1984-05-08 Tii Industries Inc. Telephone surge protector and housings therefor
US5757603A (en) * 1996-06-21 1998-05-26 Joslyn Electronic Systems Corporation Electrical surge protection device

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2058594A (en) * 1934-08-11 1936-10-27 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Protective device
US2223540A (en) * 1938-11-14 1940-12-03 Cook Electric Co Protector unit

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2058594A (en) * 1934-08-11 1936-10-27 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Protective device
US2223540A (en) * 1938-11-14 1940-12-03 Cook Electric Co Protector unit

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2826661A (en) * 1952-11-06 1958-03-11 Gen Telephone Lab Inc Flash shield
US4335415A (en) * 1980-02-07 1982-06-15 Hooberry William D Antenna lightning arrestor
US4333121A (en) * 1980-08-15 1982-06-01 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated Fused station protector
US4447848A (en) * 1982-05-10 1984-05-08 Tii Industries Inc. Telephone surge protector and housings therefor
US5757603A (en) * 1996-06-21 1998-05-26 Joslyn Electronic Systems Corporation Electrical surge protection device

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