US2599211A - Gate - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2599211A
US2599211A US698644A US69864446A US2599211A US 2599211 A US2599211 A US 2599211A US 698644 A US698644 A US 698644A US 69864446 A US69864446 A US 69864446A US 2599211 A US2599211 A US 2599211A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
gate
latch
closed
bolt
post
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US698644A
Inventor
Lyle C Tilbury
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Lyle C Tilbury
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Priority to US698644A priority Critical patent/US2599211A/en
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Publication of US2599211A publication Critical patent/US2599211A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F13/00Mechanisms operated by the movement or weight of a person or vehicle
    • E05F13/02Mechanisms operated by the movement or weight of a person or vehicle by devices, e.g. lever arms, affected by the movement of the user
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/096Sliding
    • Y10T292/1006Gravity actuated
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/68Keepers
    • Y10T292/696With movable dog, catch or striker
    • Y10T292/702Pivoted or swinging
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/20Control lever and linkage systems
    • Y10T74/20576Elements
    • Y10T74/20582Levers
    • Y10T74/2063Stops
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/20Control lever and linkage systems
    • Y10T74/20576Elements
    • Y10T74/20636Detents

Description

GATE
Filed Sept. 23, 1946 5 Sheets-Sheet l I m $00 I M m 2 I j I q n m N M I I I I l N 3 I I a I all u I In I I I I I I I N I N I I I I I I I n I I a; I II N II II a; a I I N Q- 9 v N I I! a PSYWWWM 0 0 o 0-0 f eg ,3 h 5 no I, m If I l ran EN v' June 3, 1952 c. TILBURY 2,599,211
L. C. TILBURY June 3, 1952 GATE 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Sept. 23, 1946 J 3, 1952 c. TILBURY 2,599,211
GATE
Filed Sept. 23, 1946 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 I. u: *4 :l- =fw a .3 n cu- N I! r &
Patented June 3, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE GATE Lyle C. Tilbury, Hunt, Tex. Application September 2 3, 1946, Serial No. 698,644
This invention relates to a gate.
An object of the present invention is to provide a gate for road ways which will be normally maintained in closed position, but which may be readily opened by a motor vehicle, to permit passage of the vehicle and which will automatically close; accordingly the gate has been constructed and mounted so that it may be opened in either direction.
It is another object of the invention to provide what is commonly known as a ranch-type gate and which is necessarily of rather heavy construction, but which includes means for checking, or retarding, the momentum of the gate as it swings toward closed position to prevent injury to the gate should it strike an object while swinging closed.
The invention also embodies a. trolly actuated latching and unlatching device which is mounted on the gate.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a gate of the character described embodying novelly designed and arranged push, or bumper, plates.
The invention also comprehends a novel type of adjustable hinge for mounting the gate.
With the above and other objects in view the invention has particular relation to certain novel features of construction, operation and arrangement of parts an example of which is given in this specification and illustrated in the accompanying drawings wherein:
Figure 1 is a side elevation of the gate shown in closed position and partly in section.
- Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line 33 of Figure l.
Figure 4 is a side elevation of the gate shown in open position.
Figure 5 is an elevational view of a latch post employed.
Figure 6 is a rear elevational view of the gate latching mechanism showing the gate roller approaching latched position.
Figure 7 is a rear elevation thereof showing the roller in final latched position.
Figure 8 is a top plan view of the gate also showing the gate partially open in dotted lines and Figure 9 is a diagrammatic plan view, on a reduced scale, showing the gate closed in full lines and in open and intermediate positions in dotted lines.
Referring now more particularly to the draw- 3 Claims. (Cl. 39-31) ings wherein lik numerals of reference designate the same parts in each of the figures the numerals I and 2 designate the top and bottom bars, respectively, of the gate.
In the present illustration these bars are secured, at their rear ends, to the upper and lower ends, respectively, of the rear end bar 3. The lower end of the bar 3 is extended beneath the bottom bar 2 and is formed into a round spindle 4.
Y The forward ends of the top and bottom bars I and 2 are secured between the upper and lower ends, respectively, of the angle irons 5 which are spaced apart and which form the front bar of the gate.
The parts hereinabove described are preferably formed of metal and may be welded or otherwise secured together.
The gate is hinged to an upstanding post 6 in th following manner: the externally threaded shank I of an eye bolt is extended through the post 6 near the lower end thereof and is clamped thereto by the clamp nuts 8, 8 threaded on said shank I and the spindle 4 is fitted through the eye of said bolt. There is a U-bolt 9 whose shanks are externally threaded and extended through the top of the post 6 and are clamped thereto by, the clamp nuts I0, III which are threaded onto the shanks of the U-bolt 9 as shown in Figures 1 and 8. Welded to the top bar I near its rear end there is a tubular anchor I I and fitted through this anchor there is the outwardly threaded shank of an eye bolt I2 Which is clamped in positionby the clamp nuts I3, I3. The eye of the bolt I2 is elongated as best shown in Figure 8 and the U-bolt 9. is linked through it. This elongated eye allows the forward end of the gate to have alimited range of vertical movement.
Out beyond the. free or forward endof the gate there isthe upstanding gate post I4 which is provided with a rearwardly extended stop I5 and beneath said stop there is a latch plate I6 having an upwardly flared notch I! provided with theguidefaces I8, I8 and on each sideof said 'notch'said latch plate I6 is provided with the downwardly diverging guide ways I9, I9.
The forward end of the bottom bar 2 of the gate is extended beyond the front bar 5 and is formed into a spindle 29 on which the roller 2| is retained by a suitable retainer such as a cottcr key 22.
When the gate is in normal, or closed, position the roller M will rest in the notch II beneath the stop I5,as shown in Figures 1 and 7. Upon lateral pressure being exerted against the gate the roller 2| will ride up along the opposing face l8 and out of the notch l1 and the gate may be swung open. On the other hand as th gate swings toward closed position the roller 2| will ride up along the corresponding guideway l9 correspondingly elevating the forward or free end of the gate. This is permitted by reason of the oblong eye of the eye bolt 12. In order to prevent the momentum of the gate from carrying the roller 2| across the notch ll the stop !5 has been positioned so that the roller 21 will come into contact with it as shown in Figure 6 and the closing movement of the gate will be stopped and the roller 21 will drop down into, and be retained in, the notch IT, as indicated in Figure '7.
Particular attention here called to the double adjustment provided in the top hinge arrangement. The eye bolt I and the spindle 4 forming the lower hinge are set at the desired location relative to the gate and fixed in such a position by the clamp nuts 8 and remain in that position, but it may be necessary to adjust the top hinge arrangement. Therefore the clamp nuts I!) may be loosened and the U-bolt 9 adjusted outwardly so as to carry the hinge point further from the gate post 6 and this will change the angular rep lation of the gate relative to the post, when the gate is open, so that the gate will have a greater gravity momentum when swinging to closed position. On the other hand it may be adjusted closer to the post 6 so that the gate will have less gravity momentum when swinging to closed position. In making these adjustments if the gate should not be exactly horizontal when in its closed position this may be corrected by a suitable adjustment of the eye bolt l2 relative to the anchor ll so as to bring the gate to the desired horizontal position.
The numeral 23 designates a longitudinal tubular track which declines slightly forwardly, when the gate is closed. Welded or otherwise secured to the track are the hangers 24, 25. The hanger 24 is fitted into a socket 26 welded to the rear end bar 3 and the hanger 25 projects between the angle bars 5, 5, at the forward end of the gate, and i clamped in any desired position by means of the clamp bolts 21, 21 extending transversely through said bars. The pitch of the track 23 may be varied as desired by loosening the clamp bolts 21 and adjusting the forward end of the track up or down and then again tightening said clamp bolts.
A trolley frame as 28 embraces said track 23 and mounted therein are the trolley wheels 29, 29 which are grooved to move along said track. The frame is extended each way forming the rear and front bumpers 30, BI.
Extended through the track 23 there is a latch rod 32 whose rear end is formed with the downwardly turned stop 33 and whose forward end is formed with the downwardly extended stop 34 and is extended beyond the stop 34 to work between the angle irons 5 thus forming a latch bolt 35.
Located approximately 90, each way, from the post M there are the check posts 36, 36 which are located in substantial alignment with the upper hinge point of the gate. A crank shaped check latch 3'! is pivotally mounted in a transverse bearing 38 mounted on the forward side of each check post at its upper end. The forward end 39 of this latch is upwardly turned and its other end 40, is downwardly turned and is engageable with a stop 50 on the corresponding post- The downwardly turned, end of the l h 3'! is somewhat heavier than the upwardly turned end so that the forward end 39 will normally stand in verticalrposition. When the gate is closed the trolley will be at the forward or free end of the gate and the front bumper 3|, acting against the forward stop 34 will hold the latch bolt 35 projecting forward as shown in Figures 1 and 8. When the gate is swung open the latch bolt 35 will engage the upturned end 39 which will be retracted by it and the gate will swing on to its entire open position as shown by dotted lines in Figure 9. The trolley will be maintained, by centrifugal force, in said last named position and when the gate reaches its fully open position it will immediately start its return movement and the trolley will still be maintained in said position at the forward or free end of the gate thus holding the latch bolt 35 extended and said latch bolt will engage against the upturned end 39 of the latch 31 and the downwardly turned end 40 will engage against the stop 59 to hold the upturned end 39 in its vertical position and this will stop the return movement of the gate; but in this position the gate will decline toward its hinged end, as shown in Figure 4, and the trolley will travel, under the influence of gravity, down the track 23 and the rear bumper 30 will engage the stop 33 and will move the rod 32 rearwardly thus withdrawing the latch bolt 35 from the upturned end 39, and the gate will then be free to swing on to closed position but the momentum of it will be checked, or retarded, so that the gate will not be liable to suffer any substantial injury should it strike an object While closing. When the gate reaches closed position the roller 2| will drop into the notch I! in the manner hereinabove explained.
The gate is equipped with a novel type of push, or bumper, plates 5|, 5!, one being arranged on each side. At their forward ends they are anchored, in spaced relation to the gate, by means of the front and rear brackets 52 and 53. From the rear bracket 53 the plates converge to the rear end bar 3 to which they are secured.
When a motor vehicle approaches the gate its front bumper 54 will come into contact with the parallel portion of the corresponding bumper plate 5|, as illustrated in Figure 8, and the gate will be forced open. It is to be here noted that these bumper plates decline from the bar 3 to the angle irons 5, as shown in Figures 1 and 4 and as the gate swings open its free end will gradually rise, as indicated in Figure 4,- so as to keep the bumper plate approximately aligned with the vehicle bumper and as the vehicle passes on throughthe gate the end of the bumper on the same side of the road as the gate will come into contact with the rearwardly converging portion of the bumper plate, as indicated in dotted lines in Figure 8, and will impart additional momentum to the gate to swing it fully open and the return movement of the gate will be temporarily checked by the upturned end 39 of the check latch, as hereinabove explained so that the vehicle will have ample time to clear the return path of the gate before the check latch is released by the trolley and the gate swings on toward closed position.
When the gate is closed the trolley will again move to the forward or free end of the gate and will project the latch bolt 35 forwardly as shown in Figures 1 and. 8.
The drawings, and description are illustrative merely while the broad principle of the invention will be defined by the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1. A gate substantially rectangular in shape and having top and bottom bars and end bars, a longitudinal tubular track whose ends are connected to the end bars of the gate, a latch rod slidably mounted in said track and having end stops and one end of which terminates in a latch bolt, a trolley movable along the track and having bumpers thereon engageable with said stops and efiective to move the rod into one position to retract the latch bolt into inactive position and to move said latch rod to another position to extend the latch bolt into active position.
2. The combination with spaced gate posts, of a gate between the posts, means for mounting one end of the gate on one post whereby the gate may swing laterally to open or closed position, a latch bolt projecting from the free end of the gate, a check post, a latch on the check post which is retractable to inactive position by the latch bolt as the gate swings to open position, said latch being arranged to engage the latch bolt upon return movement of the gate to check (7 to contact with said latch and to move the latch to retracted position as the gate moves toward open position, said latch bolt being arranged to engage the latch to check the movement of the gate toward closed position and a trolley on the gate movable by gravity to disengage said latch bolt from the latch to allow the gate to swing on to closed position.
LYLE C. 'I'ILBURY.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 191,417 Foster May 29, 1877 241,727 Salisbury May 17, 1881 395,370 Wells Jan. 1, 1889 442,093 Bates Dec. 9, 1890 525,297 Taylor Aug. 28, 1894 798,663 Coflits Sept. 5, 1905 1,132,389 Ross Mar. 16, 1915 1,140,562 Bailey May 25, 1915 1,636,571 Liepold July 19, 1927 1,851,968 Classen Apr. 5, 1932 2,010,468 Spencer Aug. 6, 1935 2,086,061 Barr July 6, 1937 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 383,872 Great Britain Nov. 24, 1932 57,062 Norway Sept. 28, 1936
US698644A 1946-09-23 1946-09-23 Gate Expired - Lifetime US2599211A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2685142A (en) * 1952-05-05 1954-08-03 Lewis C Reinebach Remote operated gravity closed farm gate
US2758399A (en) * 1954-08-12 1956-08-14 Youle Flush impact vehicle operated cattle gate
US2793450A (en) * 1953-12-30 1957-05-28 Herbert E Williams Vehicle actuated gravity closed gate
US2810220A (en) * 1954-04-07 1957-10-22 William H Koch Gravity return bump gates
US3331528A (en) * 1963-07-12 1967-07-18 Racek Alfred Fuel container for liquefied gas fuel for lighters
US4263749A (en) * 1979-10-22 1981-04-28 Mcdougle Joseph A Gate support
US5282336A (en) * 1992-10-19 1994-02-01 Walt Tucker Vehicle actuated fence gate
US7538982B2 (en) 2006-06-12 2009-05-26 Quantum Corporation Adjustment system using ball-ended guide rods to align tape drive heads

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US191417A (en) * 1877-05-29 Improvement in gate and door latches and rollers
US241727A (en) * 1881-05-17 Heney salisbuey
US395370A (en) * 1889-01-01 Gate-hinge
US442093A (en) * 1890-12-09 William k bates
US525297A (en) * 1894-08-28 Tilford b
US798663A (en) * 1905-04-14 1905-09-05 John Coffits Gate.
US1132389A (en) * 1914-01-17 1915-03-16 Abraham J Ross Gate.
US1140562A (en) * 1914-06-23 1915-05-25 Leroy E Bailey Gate-latch.
US1636571A (en) * 1926-04-03 1927-07-19 Liepold Leo Gate
US1851968A (en) * 1930-08-27 1932-04-05 John P Classen Vehicle operated gate
GB383872A (en) * 1932-04-19 1932-11-24 John Ernest Morris Means for easing the strain on closed gates and their hinges
US2010468A (en) * 1934-09-05 1935-08-06 Francis E Spencer Gate hinge
US2086061A (en) * 1937-01-21 1937-07-06 Willie L Barr Gate

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US191417A (en) * 1877-05-29 Improvement in gate and door latches and rollers
US241727A (en) * 1881-05-17 Heney salisbuey
US395370A (en) * 1889-01-01 Gate-hinge
US442093A (en) * 1890-12-09 William k bates
US525297A (en) * 1894-08-28 Tilford b
US798663A (en) * 1905-04-14 1905-09-05 John Coffits Gate.
US1132389A (en) * 1914-01-17 1915-03-16 Abraham J Ross Gate.
US1140562A (en) * 1914-06-23 1915-05-25 Leroy E Bailey Gate-latch.
US1636571A (en) * 1926-04-03 1927-07-19 Liepold Leo Gate
US1851968A (en) * 1930-08-27 1932-04-05 John P Classen Vehicle operated gate
GB383872A (en) * 1932-04-19 1932-11-24 John Ernest Morris Means for easing the strain on closed gates and their hinges
US2010468A (en) * 1934-09-05 1935-08-06 Francis E Spencer Gate hinge
US2086061A (en) * 1937-01-21 1937-07-06 Willie L Barr Gate

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2685142A (en) * 1952-05-05 1954-08-03 Lewis C Reinebach Remote operated gravity closed farm gate
US2793450A (en) * 1953-12-30 1957-05-28 Herbert E Williams Vehicle actuated gravity closed gate
US2810220A (en) * 1954-04-07 1957-10-22 William H Koch Gravity return bump gates
US2758399A (en) * 1954-08-12 1956-08-14 Youle Flush impact vehicle operated cattle gate
US3331528A (en) * 1963-07-12 1967-07-18 Racek Alfred Fuel container for liquefied gas fuel for lighters
US4263749A (en) * 1979-10-22 1981-04-28 Mcdougle Joseph A Gate support
US5282336A (en) * 1992-10-19 1994-02-01 Walt Tucker Vehicle actuated fence gate
US7538982B2 (en) 2006-06-12 2009-05-26 Quantum Corporation Adjustment system using ball-ended guide rods to align tape drive heads

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