US2598408A - Defrosting refrigeration apparatus - Google Patents

Defrosting refrigeration apparatus Download PDF

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US2598408A
US2598408A US148916A US14891650A US2598408A US 2598408 A US2598408 A US 2598408A US 148916 A US148916 A US 148916A US 14891650 A US14891650 A US 14891650A US 2598408 A US2598408 A US 2598408A
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Prior art keywords
tube
cooling unit
evaporator
portion
fluid
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US148916A
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Graham S Mccloy
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CBS Corp
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Westinghouse Electric Corp
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D21/00Defrosting; Preventing frosting; Removing condensed or defrost water
    • F25D21/002Defroster control
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B47/00Arrangements for preventing or removing deposits or corrosion, not provided for in another subclass
    • F25B47/02Defrosting cycles
    • F25B47/022Defrosting cycles hot gas defrosting
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D21/00Defrosting; Preventing frosting; Removing condensed or defrost water
    • F25D21/06Removing frost
    • F25D21/08Removing frost by electric heating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D2700/00Means for sensing or measuring; Sensors therefor
    • F25D2700/02Sensors detecting door opening

Description

May 27, 1952 cc oy 2,598,408

' DEFROSTING REFRIGERATION APPARATUS I Filed March 10, 1950 INVENTOR GRAHAM S. McGLOY ATTORNEY Patented May 27, 1952 'DEFROST-ING-REFRI'GERATION APPARATUS Graham 's'. Mccity; Springfield, Mass; assignor' to Westinghouse 'Electric" Sci-notation, 1 East Pittsburgh-"Pm, a corporation of lemisyltania Application Mal-ch lo, 1950, Serial No.-1l8,916

'3 Claims. 1

This invention relates to refrigerating apparatus and more especially to defrosting devicesfor such apparatus.

In defrostingdevices wherein heat isapplied to controlled by an automatic device it' is also im- 7 portant that the'frost on all portions of theapparatus be melted; for iffanyj frostremainsona. ortioncf the apparatus after a defrosting period,

the frost will thickenduring the next refrigerat ing period. While the nextdefro'stingperiod will -rem'ove' some of the frost on this portion, more willremain than after the previous defrosting period. The frost on this portion wi1l"thus"successively increase until it becomes of such size that it interferes with the proper functioning'of the refrigerating apparatus.

Accordingly, it is an object of thisinvention to provide automatic'means' for terminating the defrosting operation of a cooling unit only afterthe frost on all portions thereof has melted.

It is a further object of this invention to locate the thermo-sensitive element of a thermostat at apluralityofpo'ints on the refrigerating appara'- tus.

Theseand other'objectsa're efiected-by my invention as w-illbe' apparent from the followin description and claims takenin connection with the-accompanying drawingsforming a part 'of' this application; in which:

"Fig. 1- is asomewhat schematic drawing of' a vertical sectional view of a refrigerator embodying' the defrost terminating device ofthis 'inven'- tion: and

Fig.2 isaschematic drawing of elements of the-defrostterminating device.

Referring to the drawings for a description of the invention, the reference numeral Ill designatesa refrigeratorcabinet'havin'g a food storage chamber 12' in the upper portion thereof and: a machine compartment l4 below the food storage chamber. rounded by thermal insulation IS. A sealed casing IS in the machine compartment [4 contains a compressor lfl and an electric motor 22 for driving. thesame. An inlet port 24'ofi the compte'ssor 211 communicates with the "interior of the The food storage chamber I2 is surconducts therefi'igeitant liquid formed in? the condenser-2s t0" a larger tube 3T"IO0ate'd the thermal insulation I For the" cabinet?! 0. The refrigera'nt liquid vap'c'rri'zes in art-fin" the tube" 32 and then flows into an accumulator? 34' forming a part of the 'rapid defrosting device of the fe frl'gei'ator'.

A? second tube" 36 communicates 'at one end "38 with a lower portionof"theaccumulatoru; then rises upwardly above the accumulator 34 androturns' downwardly through" the accinnulator""34 and. at itsotherendi lfl'connects withan"evapo ratorfl.

The evaporator .42isfoiirid'bfs'het brass and is of the generali type" shown in the patentappm catio'ri'of' Jules N. Salter, Serial No. 668;950'," fild 'May I0, 1'9461' which matured into Patent No. 2,5511465, May 1,1951. The'refrigerantpassages 43 the evaporator-42 comprise "groups'ofparalll passages,eaenorwhicngroups is eonnect'di in series. Each" groupfo'f paranerpassage i relatively narrow so that the refrigerant flowing through the cooling" unit is' confined to "a fairly definite path. Thi'spath should" preferably" bein close heat-exchange relationship with =a1l" portions' or the'evapoiat'or'fl,

A smallhole 44' in thetube 36 communicates with an upper portion of? the accumulator 34". During the refi'igeratingoperation' of the 'appara" 13115; the: accumulator 3 4' is filled With refrig rant.

liquid to' the levelof'theli'ol'e' 44, and therefriger'antdiquid and" vapor fi'ow fthrough this "hole '44' and" through the lower portion or the tube 36 into-the evaporator 42.

'A suc'tionltube Y 46""conduits the" vaporized re-v frigerant from. the eVa'JpOiator 42f downwardly to thecasirig l8. The suctiontubelehaisa portion ca rn 'heat tra'nsfer relationship with alportion: 5061'" the" capillary tube '30"and a lowerportion 52in heat tran'sfer' relationship with the pressure conduit zs.

The electric'motor 22" receives its power'from the lines 58 through the leads 69; A thermostatic switch fiz'is'connected inone of the leads 60, and is"cor'itrolled bya temperature-sensitive bulb Iil' located ontlie'evaporator 42'. The bulb Eleontains a Volatile fluid} the vapor pressure bf'whleh is transmitted to the thermostatic switch 62' through "a tube'fifi. The switch 62' and'bulb '64 control the "motor. 22 to maintain the temperature of? thefevaporator 82" at a substantially eon A heater 68 is located adjacent the tube 32 to heat the same and is controlled by a switch 69 located in a controller 70. Leads 72 connect the heater 68 and the switch 69 of the controller 16 in series and this series circuit is connected in parallel with leads 66. The controller 10 is of the type described and claimed in the patent application, Serial No. 143,788, filed February 11, 1950, by the inventor of this invention and comprises a counting device which is actuated through a plunger 14 to close the switch 69 of the controller 10 by means of a push rod 76 when the door 15 of the refrigerator has been opened and closed a certain number of times, such as sixty times.

The closing of the switch 69 bridges contacts 18 to energize the heater 68 provided the switch of the thermostatic switch 62 is also closed.

The defrosting action of this refrigerator is described and claimed in Patent No. 2,459,173, issued January 18, 1949, to the inventor of this invention and is as follows: When the heater '68 is energized, some of the refrigerant liquid in the tube 32 vaporizes so that an abnormal quantity of refrigerant vapor enters the accumulator 34. This vapor is too largein volume to flow through the opening 44 in the tube '36 at the prevailing pressure. Consequently, the pressure in the accumulator 34 rises until the refrigerant liquid is forced from the accumulator 34 through the end 33 of the tube 36. This refrigerant liquid is warmed by the warm vapor generated in the tube 32.

The added refrigerant liquid. transferred to the evaporator 42 from the accumulator 34 floods the evaporator 42 and runs downwardly through the suction tube 46 and through the portion 52 thereof which is in heat-exchange relationship with the pressure conduit 26. The liquid refrigerant is vaporized completely in the portion 52 of the suction conduit 46 by the heated vapor in the pressure conduit 26. This raises the suction pressure in the entire apparatus so that no further vaporization occurs in the evaporator 42 and so that the latter is defrosted by the warm refrigerant issuing from the accumulator 34.

The device which terminates the defrosting action and which device is the subject matter of the invention comprises a metal bellows 80 located adjacent the switch 69 and adapted to move the switch 69 to the left through a push rod 82 when the bellows expands. The bellows 80 connects through a tube with a somewhat larger blind metal tube 86 located in heat-transfer relationship with the suction tube 46 and extends for a substantial distance along the suction tube 46 from the evaporator 42. The blind tube 85 contains a small amount of volatile liquid sufficient to wet only a small portion of the blind tube 86.

When the defrosting action is effected by energizing the heater 68., a portion of the refrigerant flowing through the evaporator 42 will bein the vapor phase. This vapor flows through all portions of the evaporator 42 because of the series arrangement and distribution of the refrigerant passages 43. This vapor condenses in the evaporator 42 and thereby gives up heat units to melt the frost. The refrigerant flowing through the evaporator 42 in turn is cooled and as the refrigerant fiows into the portion 88 of the suction tube 46 adjacent the evaporator 42 it reflects the coldest temperature of any portion of the evaporator 42. Thus when the refrigerant in this portion. 88 of the suction tube 46 reaches a temperature of above 32 F., suchas 42F; all portion of evaporator 42 will have been defrosted.

When this temperature is attained the fluid pressure in the blind tube expands the bellows 80 and moves the switch 69 to the left to deenergize the heater 68 and thereby terminate the defrosting action.

During certain conditions of operation, frost may form on the suction tube 46 at a point beyond the portion 88. When this happens, the portion 88 of the suction tube 46 will be defrosted before the more remote portions 96 thereof are defrosted. When this condition prevails, the control point of the blind tube 86 shifts to the coldest portion of the suction tube 46 in contact therewith. This action is caused by the vaporization of the volatile fluid in the warmer portion of the blind tube 86 and its condensation on the colder portion thereof as is Well-understood in the art. The defrosting action of the apparatus, therefore, will be continued until all portions of the suction tube 46 which are in contact with the blind tube 86 are defrosted.

The control element consisting of the blind tube'ils, the tube 84, and the bellows 80 should be so located that a portion thereof which is in heat-transfer relationship with the evaporator 42 or the suction tube 4 6 is at all times colder than any portion of the element which is not in heattransfer relationship with the evaporator 42 or the suction tube 46. Such location is essential during the latter part of the defrosting action so that the defrosting action is not unnecessarily prolonged by the shifting of the control point to a portion of the refrigerator which is not to be warmed to a temperature of 42 F.

It will be apparent from the above that this invention provides a device for terminating the defrosting action of a refrigerator when all frost on the evaporator and on portions of the suction tube remote from the evaporator are defrosted.

It also provides for the prompt termination of the defrosting operation when the evaporator is defrosted and no frost has gathered on the suction tube.

While I have shown the invention in but one form, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that it is not so limited, but is susceptible of various changes and modifications without departing from the spirit thereof.

What I claim is:

1. In a refrigerator including an insulated chamber, a cooling unit for cooling the interior of said chamber, fluid-circulating means located exteriorly of said chamber, first and second conduits connecting said cooling unit with said fluidcirculating means, said fluid-circulating means being adapted to periodically supply a cooling fluid to said cooling unit through said first conduit and withdraw said fluid from said cooling unit through said second conduit, said cooling fluid being adapted to cool said cooling unit to below 32 F., said fluid-circulating means being also adapted to periodically supply a warming fluid to said cooling unit and withdraw said warming fluid through said second conduit, said warming fluid being above 32 F. to melt the frost which may have formed on said cooling unit and said second conduit, and control means for said fluid-circulating means to cause said fluid-circulating means to terminate said supply of warming fluid, said control means including an elongated thermo-sensitive motivating element in heattransfer relationship with said second conduit fromapoint adjacent the connection between said conduit and said cooling unit within said duits connecting said cooling unit with the fluid circulating means, means associated with at least one of said conduits for varying the temperature of the fluid supplied to said cooling unit, said temperature varying means being adjustable to supply fluid at a, temperature below 32 F. for cooling said. unit and at a temperature above 32 for melting frost formed on the cooling unit and said conduits, and control means for adjusting the temperature varying means and effective to terminate the supply of fluid at a, temperature above 32 F. and for initiating the supply of fluid at a temperature below 32 F., said control means including an elongated thermosensitive motivating element in heat transfer relationship with respective portions of one of said conduits within the insulated chamber and exterioriy thereof.

3. In a refrigerator including an insulated chamber, a cooling unit within said chamber, condensing means including a compressor located exteriorly of said chamber, means including an expansion device for conveying refrigerant from said condensing means to said cooling unit, a suction conduit for conveying refrigerant from said cooling unit to said condensing means, first control means for periodically energizing said condensing means to supply refrigerant to said cooling unit and Withdraw refrigerant through said suction conduit to cool said cooling unit below 32 F. whereby frost collects on said cooling unit, means for periodically warming the refrigerant flowing through said cooling unit to raise the temperature of said cooling unit to above 32 F. to melt the frost thereon, and second control means for terminating the operation of said refrigerant warming means when said cooling unit has been warmed to a temperature above 32 TL, said second control means including a thermosensitive motivating element in heat-transfer relationship with a first portion of said suction conduit, adjacent said cooling unit and within said chamber, and a second portion of said suction conduit exterior of said chamber.

GRAHAM S. McCLOY.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,081,479 Fink May 25, 1937 2,451,682 Lund Oct. 19, 1948 2,459,173 McCloy Jan. 18., 1949 2,463,105 Andersson Apr. 26, 1949 2,495,228 Berry Jan. 24, 1950

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2661602A (en) * 1951-07-05 1953-12-08 Artkraft Mfg Corp Defroster for refrigerator evaporators
US2681550A (en) * 1951-07-27 1954-06-22 Westinghouse Electric Corp Defrosting refrigeration apparatus
US2688234A (en) * 1952-04-12 1954-09-07 Int Harvester Co Heating device for refrigerator temperature controls
US2697331A (en) * 1952-09-13 1954-12-21 Philco Corp Refrigeration apparatus with plural evaporators and refrigerant flow control
US2718765A (en) * 1952-08-02 1955-09-27 Avco Mfg Corp Defroster-heater and baffle installation for refrigerator

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2081479A (en) * 1932-04-18 1937-05-25 Kelvinator Corp Refrigerator defrosting method and apparatus
US2451682A (en) * 1946-08-09 1948-10-19 Ole B Lund Refrigeration system using gas for defrosting
US2459173A (en) * 1946-02-05 1949-01-18 Westinghouse Electric Corp Defrosting means for refrigeration apparatus
US2468105A (en) * 1948-11-02 1949-04-26 Servel Inc Absorption refrigerating system, including a defrosting arrangement and a control theefor
US2495228A (en) * 1947-07-17 1950-01-24 Gen Electric Reversible regulating valve system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2081479A (en) * 1932-04-18 1937-05-25 Kelvinator Corp Refrigerator defrosting method and apparatus
US2459173A (en) * 1946-02-05 1949-01-18 Westinghouse Electric Corp Defrosting means for refrigeration apparatus
US2451682A (en) * 1946-08-09 1948-10-19 Ole B Lund Refrigeration system using gas for defrosting
US2495228A (en) * 1947-07-17 1950-01-24 Gen Electric Reversible regulating valve system
US2468105A (en) * 1948-11-02 1949-04-26 Servel Inc Absorption refrigerating system, including a defrosting arrangement and a control theefor

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2661602A (en) * 1951-07-05 1953-12-08 Artkraft Mfg Corp Defroster for refrigerator evaporators
US2681550A (en) * 1951-07-27 1954-06-22 Westinghouse Electric Corp Defrosting refrigeration apparatus
US2688234A (en) * 1952-04-12 1954-09-07 Int Harvester Co Heating device for refrigerator temperature controls
US2718765A (en) * 1952-08-02 1955-09-27 Avco Mfg Corp Defroster-heater and baffle installation for refrigerator
US2697331A (en) * 1952-09-13 1954-12-21 Philco Corp Refrigeration apparatus with plural evaporators and refrigerant flow control

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