US2596280A - Metal covered walls - Google Patents

Metal covered walls Download PDF

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Publication number
US2596280A
US2596280A US73630147A US2596280A US 2596280 A US2596280 A US 2596280A US 73630147 A US73630147 A US 73630147A US 2596280 A US2596280 A US 2596280A
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Prior art keywords
board
boards
flange
groove
wall
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Expired - Lifetime
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Karl T Nystrom
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STANDARD RAILWAY EQUIPMENT Manufacturing CO
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STANDARD RAILWAY EQUIPMENT Manufacturing CO
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups

Description

y 1952 K. T. NYSTROM METAL COVERED WALLS 2 SHEETS--SHEET 1 Filed March 21, 1947 INVEN TOR. QZ/"Z ZUi/ yaimm,

May 13, 1952 NYSTROM 2,596,280

METAL COVERED WALLS Filed March 21, 1947 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 IN V EN TOR.

ffizri 2" 12 530772,

Patented May 13, 1952 METAL COVERED WALLS Karl T. Nystrom, Chicago, Ill., assignor to Standard Railway Equipment Manufacturing Company, Chicago, 111., a corporation of Delaware Application March 21, 1947, Serial No. 736,301

Claims.

The invention relates to means to cover and protect walls which comprise wooden boards provided with tongues on certain boards registering with grooves in adjacent boards, commonly called tongue and groove sheathing or flooring.

The invention is especially adaptable to floors for railway cars, and as far as this disclosure is concerned, a floor is included in the term wall.

The object of the invention is to provide a metallic covering for the aforesaid type of wall to strengthen it and protect it against abrasion by covering a group of boards forming a unit with a metallic sheet and likewise cover another group of such boards forming another unit with another metallic sheet and to form the adjacent margins of adjacent sheets with means to interlock said sheets together. A further object is to provide means on said metallic sheets to engage certain portions of adjacent boards to retain said sheets in engagement with said wall and with each other without the necessity of any additional securing means and preferably independently of means, if any, to secure such wall to associated elements.

As stated before, my improved wall cover is especially adaptable to protect and strengthen the floors of railway cars wherein a plurality of tongued and grooved, or otherwise rabbeted boards, extend crosswise of the car and are supported by the side sills and center sills of the car. My improved cover strengthens the floor to support the lading and loading trucks between such sills, and furthermore, the margins of the metallic covering sheets are formed to engage portions of the boards, as well as each other, to prevent the margins of the sheets from rising upwardly when the lading trucks roll over such margins.

The margins of floor protecting sheets have been known to rise up and form projections, making an uneven floor and causing damage to the lading. Such projections may also trip a workman.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 shows fragmentary parts of a wooden wall of tongue and groove structure with my improved protecting sheets applied thereon.

Figures 2 and 3 show the interlocking flanges of adjacent wall protecting sheets separated to more clearly disclose their respective formations.

Figure 4 shows a plurality of boards assembled as a unit and covered with my metallic protecting sheet.

Figure 5' shows a modified structure wherein the adjacentboards are each rabbeted instead of tongued and grooved.

Figure 6 is a modification of Figure 5 wherein only one of the adjacent boards is rabbeted.

Figure 7 is a further modification wherein the apertures are positioned at the juncture of the flange and reflange.

In the drawings, wall board I is provided along one longitudinal edge with a groove 2, and wall board 3 is provided along one longitudinal edge with a tongue 4, said tongue and groove being normally intended for interengaging relationship. The wall protecting sheet 6 comprises a body portion which rests flatwise over a plurality of boards and is formed along one side margin with a normal flange l which overlaps the grooved edge of the board I and is provided with a plurality of apertures 8 which register with the groove 2. The flange 1 is also preferably formed with an outwardly and upwardly projecting, preferably continuous reflange, portion I0 which, when assembled with a tongued board, extends upwardly and outwardly under the tongue 4 of the adjacent board 3 and preferably engages the lower surface of such tongue.

The other wall protecting sheet 12 comprises a body portion which rests flatwise over a plurality of boards and is formed along one side margin with a normal flange I3 which is narrower in width than flange l and partially overlaps the tongued edge of board 3. The free edge of said flange I3 is formed with a plurality of outwardly and upwardly projecting parts 14 spaced apart correspondingly to the spacing of openings 8, and which, when assembled with a grooved board having a sheet 6 thereupon, extend through the apertures 8 and into the groove 2 of the adjacent board I. These parts I4 also preferably extend upwardly so as to engage the upper surface of the groove 2.

In the modifications shown in Figures 5 and 6 the adjacent edges of the boards are provided,

with rabbets instead of tongues and grooves. In Figures 5 and 6 the wall protecting sheets 20-2l have substantially the same relationship to each other as heretofore described regarding Figures 1, 2 and 3. In Figure 5 the board 22 is provided with a relatively deep rabbet 23, while the board 24 is provided with a relatively shallow rabbet 25. In Figure 6 the board 28 is not rabbeted at all and the board 29 is provided with a very shallow rabbet 33. The construction of Figure 5 is used where the surface I3 is required to be flush, while Figure 6 may be used when a flush surface is not necessary.

Figure 7 shows how my invention may be applied to adjacent boards 35 and 36 without rabbets, tongues or grooves by positioning the apertures 31 in the wall protecting sheet 38 at the the" two protecting sheets (IE-21) rise up together. One or both sheets are prevented from rising upwardly by the engagement of the flanges with each other and with the tongues and grooves, or rabbets, respectively.

It is contemplated that a single metallic sheet may be formed with a flange l on one side thereof and a flange E3 on the other side thereof to cover a plurality of boards assembled as a unit (as shown in Figure 4) and still come within the scope of the invention.

This application is a continuation-in-part of my co-pending application Serial No. 620,937, filed October 8'; 1945, now abandoned.

The accompanying drawings illustrate the preferred form of the invention, though it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to r the exact details of construction shown and described, as it is obvious that various modifications thereof, within the scope of the claims, will occur to persons skilled in the art, V I claim:

1. In a wallcomprisin boards having substantially abutting edges, the edge of one of said boards being rabbeted providing a surface extending substantial-1y normal to the edge thereof; a

' cover'therefor comprising a metallic sheet overlying one of said boards; said sheet having a flange extending substantially norma1 thereto and overlapping the edge of said one board and having spaced apertures'therein below said surface, and another metallic sheet overlying an adjacent board and having a flange extending substantially normal thereto and overlappin the edge of said adjacent board, said latter flange having spaced outwardly projecting parts passing through said apertures and extending under and engaging the said. surface of said first mentioned board.

2. In a wall comprising boards having substantially abutting edges, each of said edges being rabbeted providing a surface extending su-bstane tially' normal to said edge; a cover therefor comprising a metallic sheet overlying one of said boards; said sheet having a flange extending substantially normal thereto and overlapping the edge of said. one board and having spaced apertures therein below said surface of said one board, and said flange having an outwardly extending portion engaging said surface of an adjacent board, and another metallic sheet overlying said adjacent board and having a flange extending substantially normal thereto and overlapping the edge of said adjacent board, said latter flange 4 7 having spaced outwardly projecting parts passing through said apertures and extending under and engaging the said surface of said mentioned board.

3. In a wall comprising boards with registering L tongue and grooves, a metallic cover therefor comprising a metallic sheet overlying a board having a groove and provided with a flange extending substantially normal thereto and having apertures therein registering with said groove, and another metallic sheet overlying a board having a tongue and provided with a flange extending substantially normal thereto and formed with outwardly projecting parts which pass through said apertures into said groove, said first mentioned flange formed with an outwardly projectingportion extending under the tongue of an adjacent board. a

4. In a wall comprising boards with registering tongues and grooves, a metallic cover therefor comprisin a metallic sheet overlying a board having a groove-and provided with a flange eX-' tending substantially normal thereto and having apertures therein registering with said groove, and another metallic sheet overlying a board having a tongue and provided with a flange extending substantially normal thereto and formed with outwardly projecting parts which pass through said apertures into said groove, said first mentioned flange formed with an outwardly projecting portion'extending under the tongue of an adjacent board and said part engaging the upper surface of said groove and said portion engages the lower surface or" said tongueQ 5. In a, wall comprising boards with registering tongued and grooved edges, a metallic cover therefor comprising a metallic sheet overlyin a board having a grooved edge and provided with a flange, extending substantially normal thereto, overlapping said grooved edge, and having apertures therein registering with said groove, and another metallic sheet overlying a board having a tongued edge, and provided with a flange extending substantially normal thereto, overlappin said tongued edge, and formed with outwardly and upwardly projecting parts which pass through said apertures into said groove and engage the upper surface thereof, said first mentioned flange having an outwardly and upwardly extending reflange engaging the under surface of said tongue.

KARL T. NYSTROM.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

' UNITED STATES PATENTS

US2596280A 1947-03-21 1947-03-21 Metal covered walls Expired - Lifetime US2596280A (en)

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Cited By (40)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3695395A (en) * 1970-05-07 1972-10-03 Armstrong Cork Co Metal-clad acoustical ceiling tile and its manufacture
US4065902A (en) * 1976-10-26 1978-01-03 Sir Walter Lindal Sheetmetal covered roof planks having waterproof joints
US5293728A (en) * 1992-09-17 1994-03-15 Texas Aluminum Industries, Inc. Insulated panel
US20030154682A1 (en) * 2000-05-11 2003-08-21 Luca Liviero Panel structure, particularly for the assemblage of elevated floor
US20050166492A1 (en) * 2002-06-27 2005-08-04 Schiedegger Charles E. Plastic batten shutter
US20060070333A1 (en) * 2002-04-03 2006-04-06 Darko Pervan Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US20070175148A1 (en) * 2006-01-12 2007-08-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Resilient groove
US20080000186A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2008-01-03 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US20080010931A1 (en) * 2006-07-14 2008-01-17 Valinge Innovation Ab Locking system comprising a combination lock for panels
US20080034708A1 (en) * 2005-03-30 2008-02-14 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US20080134607A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2008-06-12 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical Locking of Floor Panels With a Flexible Tongue
US20090133353A1 (en) * 2007-11-07 2009-05-28 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical Locking of Floor Panels with Vertical Snap Folding
US20090193741A1 (en) * 2006-06-02 2009-08-06 Mark Cappelle Floor covering, floor element and method for manufacturing floor elements
US20090193748A1 (en) * 2008-01-31 2009-08-06 Valinge Innovation Belgium Bvba Mechanical locking of floor panels
US20100300031A1 (en) * 2006-07-11 2010-12-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with a flexible bristle tongue
US20100319291A1 (en) * 2008-05-15 2010-12-23 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels
US20110030303A1 (en) * 2008-01-31 2011-02-10 Valinge Innovation Belguim BVBA Mechanical locking of floor panels, methods to install and uninstall panels, a method and an equipement to produce the locking system, a method to connect a displaceable tongue to a panel and a tongue blank
US8499521B2 (en) 2007-11-07 2013-08-06 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical snap folding and an installation method to connect such panels
US8572922B2 (en) 2011-07-05 2013-11-05 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with a glued tongue
US8596013B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2013-12-03 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US8650826B2 (en) 2011-07-19 2014-02-18 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8689512B2 (en) 2006-11-15 2014-04-08 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical folding
US8713886B2 (en) 2009-01-30 2014-05-06 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical lockings of floor panels and a tongue blank
US8733065B2 (en) 2005-05-20 2014-05-27 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8763340B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-07-01 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8769905B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-07-08 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8776473B2 (en) 2010-02-04 2014-07-15 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8826622B2 (en) 2005-03-31 2014-09-09 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor panel having coupling parts allowing assembly with vertical motion
US20140290173A1 (en) * 2011-07-29 2014-10-02 Hamberger Industriewerke Gmbh Connection for elastic or panel-type components, profiled slide, and floor covering
US8857126B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-10-14 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8869485B2 (en) 2006-12-08 2014-10-28 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels
US8887468B2 (en) 2011-05-06 2014-11-18 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for building panels
US8898988B2 (en) 2010-01-12 2014-12-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8997430B1 (en) 2010-04-15 2015-04-07 Spanolux N.V.-Div. Balterio Floor panel assembly
US9216541B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2015-12-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Method for producing a mechanical locking system for building panels
US9260870B2 (en) 2014-03-24 2016-02-16 Ivc N.V. Set of mutually lockable panels
US9366036B2 (en) 2012-11-22 2016-06-14 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9458634B2 (en) 2014-05-14 2016-10-04 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US9725912B2 (en) 2011-07-11 2017-08-08 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US10017948B2 (en) 2013-06-27 2018-07-10 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US872003A (en) * 1906-09-17 1907-11-26 Charles C Carter Imitation brick facing.
US1740534A (en) * 1927-04-22 1929-12-24 Bell William Rex Sectional sign or poster board
US1936238A (en) * 1931-12-12 1933-11-21 Mckay Co Wall structure
US1980906A (en) * 1933-01-12 1934-11-13 Baird Broomhall Metal tiling
US2377211A (en) * 1942-12-10 1945-05-29 Jr William York Cocken Floor structure

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US872003A (en) * 1906-09-17 1907-11-26 Charles C Carter Imitation brick facing.
US1740534A (en) * 1927-04-22 1929-12-24 Bell William Rex Sectional sign or poster board
US1936238A (en) * 1931-12-12 1933-11-21 Mckay Co Wall structure
US1980906A (en) * 1933-01-12 1934-11-13 Baird Broomhall Metal tiling
US2377211A (en) * 1942-12-10 1945-05-29 Jr William York Cocken Floor structure

Cited By (119)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3695395A (en) * 1970-05-07 1972-10-03 Armstrong Cork Co Metal-clad acoustical ceiling tile and its manufacture
US4065902A (en) * 1976-10-26 1978-01-03 Sir Walter Lindal Sheetmetal covered roof planks having waterproof joints
US5293728A (en) * 1992-09-17 1994-03-15 Texas Aluminum Industries, Inc. Insulated panel
US20030154682A1 (en) * 2000-05-11 2003-08-21 Luca Liviero Panel structure, particularly for the assemblage of elevated floor
US20060070333A1 (en) * 2002-04-03 2006-04-06 Darko Pervan Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US7841150B2 (en) 2002-04-03 2010-11-30 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US7757452B2 (en) 2002-04-03 2010-07-20 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US7637068B2 (en) 2002-04-03 2009-12-29 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floorboards
US20050166492A1 (en) * 2002-06-27 2005-08-04 Schiedegger Charles E. Plastic batten shutter
US20100319290A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2010-12-23 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US20080066415A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2008-03-20 Darko Pervan Mechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US20080134607A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2008-06-12 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical Locking of Floor Panels With a Flexible Tongue
US20080134614A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2008-06-12 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US20080155930A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2008-07-03 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US9238917B2 (en) 2004-10-22 2016-01-19 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
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US9347469B2 (en) 2004-10-22 2016-05-24 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8341915B2 (en) 2004-10-22 2013-01-01 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with a flexible tongue
US20080000186A1 (en) * 2004-10-22 2008-01-03 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
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US20070175148A1 (en) * 2006-01-12 2007-08-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Resilient groove
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US8959866B2 (en) 2011-07-05 2015-02-24 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with a glued tongue
US8572922B2 (en) 2011-07-05 2013-11-05 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with a glued tongue
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US9874027B2 (en) 2011-07-19 2018-01-23 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
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US8857126B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-10-14 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8769905B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-07-08 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
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US9216541B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2015-12-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Method for producing a mechanical locking system for building panels
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US9951526B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2018-04-24 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for building panels
US9091077B2 (en) * 2012-04-04 2015-07-28 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US20150152644A1 (en) * 2012-04-04 2015-06-04 Välinge Innovation AB Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US9316002B2 (en) * 2012-04-04 2016-04-19 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US9366036B2 (en) 2012-11-22 2016-06-14 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9771723B2 (en) 2012-11-22 2017-09-26 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US10017948B2 (en) 2013-06-27 2018-07-10 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US9260870B2 (en) 2014-03-24 2016-02-16 Ivc N.V. Set of mutually lockable panels
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