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Fluent material dispenser and spreader

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Publication number
US2589311A
US2589311A US11780749A US2589311A US 2589311 A US2589311 A US 2589311A US 11780749 A US11780749 A US 11780749A US 2589311 A US2589311 A US 2589311A
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Prior art keywords
base
hopper
secured
end
brush
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Robert W Turner
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Robert W Turner
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H5/00Special paper or cardboard not otherwise provided for
    • D21H5/0005Processes or apparatus specially adapted for applying liquids or other fluent materials to finished paper or board, e.g. impregnating, coating
    • D21H5/0042Processes or apparatus specially adapted for applying liquids or other fluent materials to finished paper or board, e.g. impregnating, coating by pouring or allowing to flow in a continuous stream onto the surface, the entire stream being carried away by the paper
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H23/00Processes or apparatus for adding material to the pulp or to the paper
    • D21H23/02Processes or apparatus for adding material to the pulp or to the paper characterised by the manner in which substances are added
    • D21H23/22Addition to the formed paper
    • D21H23/46Pouring or allowing the fluid to flow in a continuous stream on to the surface, the entire stream being carried away by the paper

Description

MaicTi 18; 1952 R. W. TURNER FLUENT MATERIAL DISPENSER AND SPREADER Filed Sept. 26, 1949 4 Sheets-Sheet l Inventor aban" W. Fume? March 18, 1952 R. w. TURNER FLUENT MATERIAL DISPENSER AND SPREADER 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Sept. 26, 1949 m& mm NE wk WW In ventor mm Tamer 5&2

March 18, 1952 R. w. TURNER FLUENT MATERIAL DISPENSER AND SPREADER 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Sept. 26, 1949 Inventor Robert W. Turner W WM,

R. TURNER FLUENT MATERIAL DISPENSER AND SPREADER March 18, 1952 v 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Sept. 26. 1949 7 95 was ,76

Fig.6.

Patented Mar. 18, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE;

FLUEN'I? MATERIAL DISPENSER AND seamnnm Robert W. Turner, Port Jefferson, Ohiov Apl'fliflfioilfiliffimbfll' 26, 1949-;Serial Neg tive'7 4; Claims.

This inventionrelates to novel-iand-iusefula improvements}; in. fluent material,- dispensers 1 and applicators.

An object-of thisinventionis-to dispenses controlled quantityofgfluent material; as asphalt, tar-,- or mixtures ,thereofemployedin the preparation or roofs, from adischarg'e-end of a hopper; which is controlled by.a,;val,ve,- the. valve having a;link secured. thereto; with" 'a-ispring ree acting on the link and the baseswhich supportsthe hopperso as to resiliently oppose the operation of thelink and, to resiliently press; the valve in t e outlet closing position, and to discharge the fluent material, during oscillationof the hopper, which is pivotally carried by the if and which has a fiexible cable or the like secured.

thereto, which cable extends. around the drum which is to be turned manually for displacing the link against the. biasing force of the spring.

Ancillary objects and features will become apparent in following'the. description of'the illustrated form of. the invention.

In the drawings: H

Figure 1 is a plan view ofthe'device;

Figure 2 is an elevational viewoi th'e device shown in Figure 1, with portionsbeing broken away to illustrate the. detail of construction;

Figure 3 is a sectional view of-a part of the device shown in Figure 1; I

Figure 4 is a bottomview taken substantially on'the line 44 of Figure 2an'd in'jthe'direction of the arrows,'showingthefbrush assembly;-

Figure 5 is anrelevational vie'wofthe device illustrating particularly the operation of the valve and its actuation assembly;.

Figures is a horizontal sectional. vieweoi a part of the device to show the manual transmission actuation control, and;

Figure 7 is a view taken substantially 'on the lirieJ-JI of Figure Biandin the direction of the arrows,, showing the heater and valve. portions of theother structure bein'gremoved- This invention has ialifi'eld of utility similar to 56 over the :outlet I8 for control thereof. Arlink i axle 30 atone endv offthe base.

2 that described in my co-pendi'ng application Serial No. 47,025, which, was filed on, August .31, 1948, now Patent- No. 2,517,057.

The hopper I0 is adapted to maintain a sup ply: of fluent material widely'used in repairing or originally installing asphalt, roofing. The material employed is fluent whenmaintained above; a temperature higherthan normally found.

asclimatic.

The hopper-1 has apairof-sideswithpivot pins 22 and i4 secured thereto. The hopper has an inlet land a, discharge opening or outlet l8.

A heater consisting of heating elements disposed in cases 20 and 22', is secured to the hopper Hi adjacent the outlet l8. Accordingly, while theheater is operative, the-heat is applied to the hopper at the most essential place, namely the discharge opening region. Conventional circuitbreaker type'contr'ol is employed for operation of theheater.

The hopper is passed throughan openingin a base generally indicated at 24. This base consists ofstructural members of known description. A pair of wheels -26.an'd 28 are disposed on an A support is formed in two parts and secured to the base. Each part consists of structural members connected together by means of bolts, welding, riveting or the like. The almost vertical structural member 29 has its lower end secured to the base and its upper end secured to a substantially horizontal structural member 3|]. The structural member- 30 is secured at its, other end to, the axle 32. The connecting cross member is secured to the base (see Figure 6) and also .to the substantially horizontal structural members 30. Upstanding portions -36.and 38 of the cross member also form a part of the support.- The upper, ends of the upstanding. portions are secured tothe structural framing members land 4! whichflare legsof the U-shaped member 42. This U-shaped memberhas bearings 44 and .46 secured toits. web accommodating the shaft 48.

The shaft 48 has a knob 50 at one end thereof and a drum 52 secured adjacent the knob. The drum has a flexible member, suchas a cable 54, secured :at one end thereto and at the other end to the upturned end of abar 56. The downturned opposite. end of the bar has aspring 58 secured. theretowhich is also secured to a part of said suDl Ort.

' A valve 60 consisting of aplate having angu larly connected sections is secured to thehopper by means of a hinge .62. Thevalve is disposed (Figures 5 and 7) 64 has its lower transverse end secured in bearings 66 and 68 which are secured to the valve 60. The substantially straight portion 64 has its upper end adjustably secured to the bar or rod 56 intermediate the curved ends thereof. A pair of nuts are employed to adjustably connect the link 64 to the member 56, one nut being disposed on opposite surfaces of the member 56 so that they are employed to lock the link in place.

From the foregoing, operation of the valve is summarized as follows: rotation of the shaft 48 by the knob 50 causes the cable 54 to be wound on the drum 52. pulling it against the opposing force of the spring 58 which is employed normally to maintain the link 64 in one position, that is, the valve closing position. There is suflicient friction in the bearings to hold the valve GI] in the selected adjusted position.

A motor I is disposed on the base and base; shaft projecting therethrough. This shaft has a double sheave, consisting of pulleys I4 and 16 fixed thereto, below the undersurface of the base 24. 'A counter shaft I8 is mounted in a suitable bearing and carried by the base. This counter shaft is rotated by the motor I0 through a transmission consisting of the pulley l and a pulley 80, with a belt 82 entrained around both of these pulleys. The bearing in which the shaft 18 rotates'is on a swinging arm 84 which is pivoted to the base 24. Upon operation of the swinging arm 84, the belt 82 is selectively tightened and allowed to slip, whereby the control of the tran mission operativeness is attained. The swinging arm 84 is passed through an opening 86 (Figure 5) formed in the base 24 having a number of teeth 88 extending therein Theseteeth are engaged by the dog 90 which is fixed to the swinging arm 84 so that selected pivoted positions of the arm 84 may be attained and kept An eccentric 92 (Figure 3) is secured to the pulley 80 and a pitman 94 i secured to the eccentric. The pitman is also secured to a hanger 96 which is carried by the hopper whereby upon operation of the motor, the transmission transfers the torque of saidmotor to oscillatory movemerit of the hopper about the pivot pin I2 and I4 as an axis.

A'handle 98 is secured to the base appropriatelyto manually operate the device.

A brush assembly is disposed at the end of the base opposite from the wheel 26 and 28. This brush assembly consists of a spreader brush Hill which is fixed stationary on a mounted assembly I02. This assembly includes a plate which is bolted to the base and suflicient cross members to actually support th'e brushes. The spreader brush IE0 is stationary and includes a center section together with angularly disposed 'end pieces or brushes, I04 and I06. Another stationarybrush I98 is secured to the mounting assembly I92 but spaced from the brush I00. The brush IE8 is used as a follower brush and is substantially parallel to the brush I00.

Anumber of brushes H0, H2, H4, H6, H8 and I2!) are rotatably mounted on' suitable small shafts on the mounting assembly. Each of-the rotary brushes has a gear secured thereto and the gears are enmeshed. Accordingly, rotation of one brush causes rotation of all of the others of the rotary brush group. y

"Thi rotation is imparted by means of the motor 10. The belt I22 is entrained around the pulley I4 and also around the pulley I24. The

This displaces the member 56,

4 pulley I24 is rotatably mounted on the shaft I26 which is suspended from the bracket I28. This bracket is carried by the base 24.

A pulley I30 is also secured to the shaft I26 and has the belt I32 entrained therearound. This belt is drivingly connected with the pulley I34 which is disposed on the shaft I36. The shaft I36 supports the brush III] of the rotary group, whereby, upon operation of the motor I0, rotation of all the brushes of the rotary group is obtained.

Having described the invention, what is claimed as new is:

1. A-fiuent material applicator comprising a base having wheels at one end and a brush assembly at the opposite end, a fluent material supply hopper carried by said base for oscillation and provided with means for oscillating said hopper, a heater disposed adjacent the discharge end of said hopper, a valve disposed at the discharge end of the hopper and having a manual means for actuating the valve, said brush assembly be-- ing disposed rearwardly of said hopper and including a plurality of rotary brushes with flanking stationary brushes, said hopper oscillating means including a motor secured to said base and a belt and pulley transmission connecting said motor and said hopper, and means secured to said base and operatively connected with said transmission for manually controlling the operation of the transmission.

2. In a fluent material dispenser and spreader, a'b'ase having an opening, a brush assembly disposed at the back end of said base, a motor secured to said base, said brush assembly including a pair of spaced stationarybrushes and a plurality of rotary brushestherebetween, a transmission drivingly connecting said motor and said rotary brushes with manually operable means for controlling the actuation of said transmission, a fluent material hopper mounted for oscillation on saidbase and having a lower discharge end disposed in said opening and located forwardly of said brushes, a valve for said hopper open lower end, a link secured to said valve, and a spring reactingon said base and said link opposing the operation of said link and resiliently biasing said valve to-the closed position, and means drivingly connected with said motor and the lower end of said hopper for oscillating said hopper in unison with the rotation of said brushes.

3. A fluent material spreader and dispenser comprising a base with a support extending upwardly therefrom, a hopper having sides and a discharge outlet, means pivoting said sides to said support so that said hopper i mounted' on said base for oscillation,- a valve secured to said hopper for said outlet, a link secured to said valve and resilient means reacting on said link and said support opposing the operation of said link and maintaining said valve in the closed position, means for overcoming the biasing means to open the valve, a brush assembly secured to and disposed below said base and located rearwardly of and below said outlet, said assembly including a plurality of rotary brushes with at least one stationary brush adjacent thereto, a motor secured to said base, and means including a transmission for connecting said motor with said hopper to oscillate said hopper.

4. in a fluent material spreader which includes a base provided with wheels, said base having an aperture therein, a motor mounted on said base and having a shaft, said shaft being located in part below said base, a support carried by said base, a hopper, means mounting said hopper on said support for oscillation, said hopper havinga lower discharge end located below said bas and a part of said hopper being passed through the aperture in said base, said shaft being provided with means for oscillating said hopper, said oscillating means secured to said hopper adjacent to the discharge end thereof and below said base, a valve operatively connected with the discharge end of said hopper to control the size of the discharge openin in the discharge end of said hopper, a brush mounted for movement below said base and carried by said base, and means for actuating said brush connected with said brush and the said mean for oscillating said hopper.

ROBERT W. TURNER.

6 REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,498,851 Narbett June 24, 1924 1,584,687 Ault May 11, 1926 1,764,546 Burnley June 17, 1930 10 1,795,660 Mayer Mar. 10, 1931 1,927,227 Woods Sept. 19, 1933 2;116,407 Nissly May 3, 1938 FOREIGN PATENTS 15 Number Country Date 556,909 Great Britain Oct. 27, 1943

US2589311A 1949-09-26 1949-09-26 Fluent material dispenser and spreader Expired - Lifetime US2589311A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2669445A (en) * 1950-02-13 1954-02-16 Holcroft & Co Heat-treating apparatus
US3305887A (en) * 1964-11-06 1967-02-28 Turner Applicator Company Coating dispenser and applicator
DE1784642B1 (en) * 1968-08-30 1971-02-18 Werner Bolzen Mobile unit for applying hot liquid adhesive and also for laying roofing felt on a roof surface or the like.
US4457036A (en) * 1982-09-10 1984-07-03 Tennant Company Debris collecting mechanism

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1498851A (en) * 1922-12-28 1924-06-24 James T Narbett Pavement marker
US1584687A (en) * 1924-03-14 1926-05-11 Tennessee Tool Works Inc Machine for marking or painting lines
US1764546A (en) * 1926-10-22 1930-06-17 William B Burnley Street-marking apparatus
US1795660A (en) * 1927-02-09 1931-03-10 Charles W Mayer Street-marking machine
US1927227A (en) * 1928-01-06 1933-09-19 Julia E Woods Surface waxing machine
US2116407A (en) * 1937-04-19 1938-05-03 Walter S Nissly Road marking machine
GB556909A (en) * 1942-03-23 1943-10-27 Paths And Ways Ltd Improvements in or relating to ground-marking machines

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1498851A (en) * 1922-12-28 1924-06-24 James T Narbett Pavement marker
US1584687A (en) * 1924-03-14 1926-05-11 Tennessee Tool Works Inc Machine for marking or painting lines
US1764546A (en) * 1926-10-22 1930-06-17 William B Burnley Street-marking apparatus
US1795660A (en) * 1927-02-09 1931-03-10 Charles W Mayer Street-marking machine
US1927227A (en) * 1928-01-06 1933-09-19 Julia E Woods Surface waxing machine
US2116407A (en) * 1937-04-19 1938-05-03 Walter S Nissly Road marking machine
GB556909A (en) * 1942-03-23 1943-10-27 Paths And Ways Ltd Improvements in or relating to ground-marking machines

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2669445A (en) * 1950-02-13 1954-02-16 Holcroft & Co Heat-treating apparatus
US3305887A (en) * 1964-11-06 1967-02-28 Turner Applicator Company Coating dispenser and applicator
DE1784642B1 (en) * 1968-08-30 1971-02-18 Werner Bolzen Mobile unit for applying hot liquid adhesive and also for laying roofing felt on a roof surface or the like.
US4457036A (en) * 1982-09-10 1984-07-03 Tennant Company Debris collecting mechanism

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