US2576553A - Electrolytic cells - Google Patents

Electrolytic cells Download PDF

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Publication number
US2576553A
US2576553A US54651A US5465148A US2576553A US 2576553 A US2576553 A US 2576553A US 54651 A US54651 A US 54651A US 5465148 A US5465148 A US 5465148A US 2576553 A US2576553 A US 2576553A
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United States
Prior art keywords
cell
assembly
plates
cells
electrolytic cells
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Expired - Lifetime
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US54651A
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Andreasen Svend Vind
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Power Gas Corp Ltd
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Power Gas Corp Ltd
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Publication date
Priority to GB27916/47A priority Critical patent/GB634893A/en
Application filed by Power Gas Corp Ltd filed Critical Power Gas Corp Ltd
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2576553A publication Critical patent/US2576553A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01GCAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES OR LIGHT-SENSITIVE DEVICES, OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE
    • H01G9/00Electrolytic capacitors, rectifiers, detectors, switching devices, light-sensitive or temperature-sensitive devices; Processes of their manufacture
    • H01G9/004Details
    • H01G9/08Housing; Encapsulation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B11/00Electrodes; Manufacture thereof not otherwise provided for
    • C25B11/02Electrodes; Manufacture thereof not otherwise provided for characterised by shape or form
    • C25B11/033Liquid electrodes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B9/00Cells or assemblies of cells; Constructional parts of cells; Assemblies of constructional parts, e.g. electrode-diaphragm assemblies; Process-related cell features
    • C25B9/30Cells comprising movable electrodes, e.g. rotary electrodes; Assemblies of constructional parts thereof
    • C25B9/303Cells comprising movable electrodes, e.g. rotary electrodes; Assemblies of constructional parts thereof comprising horizontal-type liquid electrode
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B9/00Cells or assemblies of cells; Constructional parts of cells; Assemblies of constructional parts, e.g. electrode-diaphragm assemblies; Process-related cell features
    • C25B9/70Assemblies comprising two or more cells

Description

Nov. 27, 1951 s. v. ANDREASEN 2,576,553
ELECTROLYTIC CELLS Filed Oct. 15, 1948 lwiiiniimmi A M WINVENTOR.
BY Z A TTORNEY Patented Nov. 27, 1951 ELECTROLYTIC CELLS Svend Vind Andreasen, Stockton-on-Tees, England, assignor to The Power-Gas Corporation Limited, Stockton-on-Tees, England, a British company Application October 15, 1948, Serial No. 54,651 In Great Britain October 18, 1947 1 Claim. 1
This invention relates to improvements in electrolytic cells.
An object of the present invention is to provide a vertical assembly of electrolytic cell units connected in series in which the cell units are of the type adapted to employ a liquid metal cathode, said assembly providing readily adjustable electrolysis gaps between the electrodes whilst maintaining the cells gas-tight.
A further object of the present invention is to provide such an assembly of electrolytic cell units in which the electrodes may be readily inspected without necessitating dismantling of the cell assembly.
The invention will now be more particularly described by reference to the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1 is a plan viewof an electrolytic cell assembly, and
Figure 2 is a sectional elevation of the cell assembly on the line IIII of Figure 1.
A plurality of generally rectangular cell units I are arranged one above the other. The bottom of one cell unit and the top of the cell unit immediately below is constituted by a cell plate 2 provided with grooves 3 and 4 in its upper and lower surfaces respectively extending along its longitudinal edges into which side walls of transparent material 5 are inserted; each such cell plate 2 in the assembly is provided with interspaced conductor lugs or ears 6 and supporting lugs I. The supporting lugs I are provided with insulating bushes 8 through which pass threaded supports 9 supplied with turnbuckles l0 by means of which the distance separating adjacent cell plates may be adjusted. Each cell plate is provided on its lower surfaces 2a with a plurality of parallel longitudinally extending members H of anode material. The said members II are of inverted generally T-shaped cross-section in which the stem Ila makes a dovetail connection llb with the cell plate by means of wedge shaped fixing pieces I2 extending longitudinally complementary to the dovetail stems and secured to the cell plate by adjusting bolts Hi. The ends of the cell plates are provided with inlet and outlet pieces (not shown) leaving openings for inlets and outlets of liquids and gases.
By means of the present invention a horizontal electrolytic cell assembly is provided in which the cell plate dividing adjacent cells with or without separate anode material fixed thereto serves as a common electrode for two adjacent cells, in which means are provided when separate anodes are used to fix them to the cell plate by pressurized contacting faces, in which the vertical distance between cell plates is adjustable, in which a substantial pressure or vacuum may be established in the cells and in which one or more of the cell units can be put out of operation by short circuiting the electric current through a conductor or bus bar without interfering with the operation of the remaining cells in the assembly.
I declare that what I claim is:
A vertical assembly of electrolytic cell units connected in series comprising a plurality of electrically conductive plates each having a substantially horizontal but slightly sloping upper face adapted to support and maintain electrical contact with a sheet of liquid metal flowing along its upper face to form the sole cathode of one cell unit and having at least one anode of the cell unit therebeneath electrically connected thereto and depending from a lower surface thereof, said plates having longitudinal grooves at the edges of the upper and lower faces and in vertical alignment, side walls for each cell unit having their upper and lower end portions located in the longitudinal grooves, said grooves having a depth sufficient to allow adjustment of the plates in vertical relation to one another, and support members of vertically adjustable length externally supporting said plates horizontally in vertical spaced relationship to one another and carrying the whole of the weight of said plates.
SVEND VIND ANDREASEN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 587,437 Hurter Aug. 3, 1897 1,030,490 Potter June 25, 1912 1,541,947 Hartman June 16, 1925 1,732,117 Brandt Oct. 15, 1929 1,815,079 smith July 21, 1931 2,055,962 Boss Sept. 29, 1936 2,104,677 Sorensen Jan. 4, 1938 2,430,374 Stuart Nov. 4, 1947 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 17,759 Great Britain Aug. 2, 1913 89,782 Germany Dec. 19, 1896 173,520 Germany July 26, 1906
US54651A 1947-10-18 1948-10-15 Electrolytic cells Expired - Lifetime US2576553A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB27916/47A GB634893A (en) 1947-10-18 1947-10-18 Improvements in electrolytic cells

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US2576553A true US2576553A (en) 1951-11-27

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2719117A (en) * 1950-10-04 1955-09-27 Dow Chemical Co Mercury-cathode electrolytic cell
US2895894A (en) * 1955-11-25 1959-07-21 Pintsch Bamag Ag Electrolytic cell arrangement
US3308047A (en) * 1962-10-31 1967-03-07 Oronzio De Nora Impianti Multiple tier inclined mercury cell
US3308043A (en) * 1962-10-31 1967-03-07 Oronzio De Nora Impianti Method of discharging amalgam for inclined plane mercury cells
US3400055A (en) * 1966-05-20 1968-09-03 Oronzio De Nora Impianti Method and apparatus for breaking electric current in flunet conductors

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1051819B (en) * 1954-08-26 1959-03-05 Huels Chemische Werke Ag Cell for the electrolysis of salt solutions with carbon anodes and mercury cathodes

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE173520C (en) *
DE89782C (en) *
US587437A (en) * 1897-08-03 Ferdinand hurter
US1030490A (en) * 1911-06-07 1912-06-25 Henry Noel Potter Apparatus for the recovery of precious metals.
GB191317759A (en) * 1912-08-21 1913-08-28 Jenaer Glaswerk Schott & Gen Improvements in Electrolytic Electrodes.
US1541947A (en) * 1922-03-21 1925-06-16 Electric Water Sterilizer & Oz Electrolytic cell
US1732117A (en) * 1927-11-18 1929-10-15 Brandt Richard Method for oxidizing potassium ferrocyanide to potassium ferricyanide
US1815079A (en) * 1928-07-12 1931-07-21 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Electrolytic cell
US2055962A (en) * 1935-02-16 1936-09-29 John W Boss Apparatus for production of chromic acid and caustic alkali
US2104677A (en) * 1935-10-01 1938-01-04 Oxford Paper Co Electrolytic cell
US2430374A (en) * 1945-08-23 1947-11-04 Hooker Electrochemical Co Electrolytic alkali halogen cell

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE173520C (en) *
DE89782C (en) *
US587437A (en) * 1897-08-03 Ferdinand hurter
US1030490A (en) * 1911-06-07 1912-06-25 Henry Noel Potter Apparatus for the recovery of precious metals.
GB191317759A (en) * 1912-08-21 1913-08-28 Jenaer Glaswerk Schott & Gen Improvements in Electrolytic Electrodes.
US1541947A (en) * 1922-03-21 1925-06-16 Electric Water Sterilizer & Oz Electrolytic cell
US1732117A (en) * 1927-11-18 1929-10-15 Brandt Richard Method for oxidizing potassium ferrocyanide to potassium ferricyanide
US1815079A (en) * 1928-07-12 1931-07-21 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Electrolytic cell
US2055962A (en) * 1935-02-16 1936-09-29 John W Boss Apparatus for production of chromic acid and caustic alkali
US2104677A (en) * 1935-10-01 1938-01-04 Oxford Paper Co Electrolytic cell
US2430374A (en) * 1945-08-23 1947-11-04 Hooker Electrochemical Co Electrolytic alkali halogen cell

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2719117A (en) * 1950-10-04 1955-09-27 Dow Chemical Co Mercury-cathode electrolytic cell
US2895894A (en) * 1955-11-25 1959-07-21 Pintsch Bamag Ag Electrolytic cell arrangement
US3308047A (en) * 1962-10-31 1967-03-07 Oronzio De Nora Impianti Multiple tier inclined mercury cell
US3308043A (en) * 1962-10-31 1967-03-07 Oronzio De Nora Impianti Method of discharging amalgam for inclined plane mercury cells
US3400055A (en) * 1966-05-20 1968-09-03 Oronzio De Nora Impianti Method and apparatus for breaking electric current in flunet conductors

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB634893A (en) 1950-03-29

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