US2571183A - Track ballasting - Google Patents

Track ballasting Download PDF

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US2571183A
US2571183A US116335A US11633549A US2571183A US 2571183 A US2571183 A US 2571183A US 116335 A US116335 A US 116335A US 11633549 A US11633549 A US 11633549A US 2571183 A US2571183 A US 2571183A
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plow
track
means
tension
side
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US116335A
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Jr Albert W Banton
Paul E Banton
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Jr Albert W Banton
Paul E Banton
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B27/00Placing, renewing, working, cleaning, or taking-up the ballast, with or without concurrent work on the track; Devices therefor; Packing sleepers
    • E01B27/04Removing the ballast; Machines therefor, whether or not additionally adapted for taking-up ballast

Description

Oct. 16, 1951 A. w. BANTON, JR., ETAL 2,57l83 TRACK BALLASTING Filed Sept. 1'7, 1949 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 52 l Wg A l INVENTORS. M zal Oct. 16, 1951 A. w. BANTON, JR., ET AL 2,571,183

TRACK lBALLASTING Filed se'pt. 17, 1949 2 sheets-sheet 2 Patented Oct. 16, 1951 TRACK BALLASTING Albert W. Banton, Jr., and'Paul E. Banton, Yorktown, Va.

Application September 17, 1949, Serial No. 116,335

8 Claims.

Our invention relates to maintenance of, a railroad right of way and includes among its objects and advantages an improved track ballasting system.

In the accompanying drawings,

Figure l is a side elevation of the novel portion of a track ballasting outfit according to the invention;

Figure 2 is an enlarged side elevation of the plow;

Figure 3 is an enlarged rear end elevation of the plow;

Figure 4 is a plan view of the plow; and

Figure 5 indicates a modified arrangement for controlling the elevation of the plow.

In the embodiment of the invention selected for illustration, the plow IU is a fabricated frame with a smooth bottom adapted to slide over the underlying ground indicated at I2 in Figure l. The front end of the plow is V-shaped, with a slightly concave forwardly facing edge I6, to push earth to either side. In Figure 1 the old bed is indicated at I8, and the ballasting operation involves lifting the track 20 and reconditioning the material upon which the track rests with cracked stone or other suitable materials. To get the parts into operation as in Figure 1, a short section of track 20 is lifted so that the plow I0 can be pushed in place from one side. This is usually done with jacks. After the plow is in place as in Figure l, it is connected to a locomotive indicated at 22, as by means of two cables 23 one at each side of the plow. The top of the plow is provided with spaced slide rails24 positioned to engage the individual ties 26 and support the elevated section 28 of the track. At the front end, the slide rails 24 are curved downwardly as indicated at 30 so that if any ofthe ties are connected to the rails loosely, the inclined sections 30 will still get under the tics and lift them up against the rails. The following ends of the slide rails 24 are also bent down as indicated at 32 to release the tiesv4 gently.

To keep the plow well alignedrwith the track we provide a detachable front axle 34 carrying wheels 36 positioned to ride on top of the track rails 38. A duplicate axle 40 at the rear end of the plow similarly supports the rear guide wheels 42. Both axles must be removable to permit the skid to beinstalled, We have indicated standards 44 for the end bearings of both axles, detachably connected to the plow. Each standard enters a suitable socket in the plow, and is fastened in place by a dowel pin 46. The axle ends 48 may turn in conventional plain bearings 50.

We have indicated adjustable means for connecting the tension cables 23 to the plow, which connection includes an anchor 52 about midway of the side of the plow and a tension arm 54 pivotally connected to the anchor 52. The elevation of the bar 54 may be quickly adjusted from time to time by means of standards 56, each provided with a series of spaced holes 58 to receive a dowel pin or fastening bolt 60.

In use, the operator of a locomotive 22 draws the plow along very slowly while a gang of workmen positioned around the empty space at 62 behind the rear end of the plow throw in the desired amount of ballast and settle the track in place by suitable tamping and other manipulation. The supplies for ballasting can come up on the same track 20 behind the plow, or they can be conveniently dumped in piles from a parallel track. If the plow starts to gouge a little too deeply or not quite deeply enough, the operator of the locomotive gives a little slack on the tension cables 23, and one of the ycrewmen can lower or raise the tension bars 54 quickly and easily to correct the deviation.

In Figure 5 the same plow I6 is shown equipped with detachable standards 64 and tension braces 66 near the front end. Two tension cables are provided on each side, an upper tension cable 68 and a lower cable 10. At the rear end of the locomotive 12 the front ends of the cable 68 and 'I0 are connected to the arms 14 of a short equalizer pivoted at 16, which carries a forwardly directed arm 18 and a toothed sector 80. The worm 82 can be manipulated by turning the hand wheel 84 to rotate the equalizer and shift the tension in the cables 68 and 1l). As it is possible to arrange the cable 'l0 so that its line of pull passes well below the center of resistance of the plow, and the parts carried thereby, while the cable 68 is well above the center of resistance, this provides a somewhat more effective and quickly adjustable control of the movement of the skid.

Others .may readily adapt the invention for use under various conditions of service by employing one or more of the novel features disclosed or equivalents thereof. For instance, the cables 68 and 10 might be provided with takeup connections at the plow end also, so thatV the workmen standing beside the plow can control the elevation of it, with or without assistance from the locomotive personnel. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that a substantial portion of the material filled in at 62 behind the plow will be the same material pushed to either side .by the front end of the plow. Such material will lie close beside the space at 62 in a convenient ridge on each side, where it can be sorted over and wholly or partially put back under the track. As at present advised with respect to the present scope of our invention, we desire to claim the following subject matter:

1. Equipment for reconditioning a railroad right of way comprising, in combination: a shallow plow having a large flat bottom adapted to engage and slide on underlying earth; said plow having a pointed breast adapted to thrust to either side all material above the level of its bottom;

said plow being of sumcient width to plow a strip 1 at least as wide as the length of a railroad tie; skids on said plow adapted for sliding engagement with the bottoms of the ties of a previously laid railroad track, to support saidties and the track associated therewith as said plow moves along under said track; positive guide means in the nature of front and rear axles mounted on said plow and positioned above said plow; .each axle carrying a pair of flanged wheels having guiding engagement with the rails ofthe track, whereby said plow is held in alignment with said track as it moves along; tension means extending forward from said plow on each side thereof; said tension means having connections at its front end for connecting it to a locomotive or equivalent traction means; and means for connecting the rear end of said tension means to said plow; said tension means being adjustable to vary the direction of pull of said plow in a Vertical plane; said tension means on each side including an upper cable connected to deliver tension well above the center of resistance of said plow; a lower cable connected to deliver tension well below the center of resistance of said plow; and means at the forward ends of said upper and lower cables for varying the effective length of said cables; whereby any deviation by said plow` in the vertical plane from the desired path abruptly transfers the effective pulling force to a position exerting a strong corrective force on the plow.

2. Equipment for reconditioning a railroad right of way comprising, in combination; a plow having a fiat bottom adapted to engage and slide on underlying earth; said plow having a pointed breast adapted to thrust to either side material above the level of its bottom said plow being of sumcient width to plow a strip at least as wide as the length of a railroad tie skids on said plow adapted for sliding engagement with the bottoms of the ties of a previously laid railroad track, to

support said ties and the track associated therewith as said plow moves along under said track; positive guide means in the nature of front and rear axles mounted on said plow and positioned above said plow; each axle carrying a pair of flanged wheels having guiding engagement with the rails of the track, whereby said plow isheld in alignment with said track as it moves along; tension means extending forward from said plow on each side thereof; said tension means having connections at its front end for connecting it to a locomotive or equivalent traction means; and means for connecting the rear end of said tension means to said plow; said tension means being adjustable to vary the direction of pull on said plow in a vertical plane.

3. Equipment for reconditioning a railroad right of way comprising, in combination: a plow to slide on the road bed and under the track; said plow having a breast adapted to thrust material laterally; guide means on said plow adapted for sliding engagement with the bottoms of the ties of a previously laid railroad track, to support said ties and the track associated therewith as said plow moves along under said track; a second guide means including wheels having guiding engagement with the rails of the track, whereby l 'said plow is held in alignment with said track as it moves along; and tension means extending forward from said plow on each side thereof; said tensionmeans having connections at its front end for connecting it to a locomotive or equivalent traction means.v

4. Equipment for reconditioning a railroad right of way comprising, in combination: a plow to slide on the road bed and under the track; said plow having a breast adapted to thrust material laterallyiguide means on said plow adapted forsliding engagement with the bottoms of the ties of a previously laid railroad track, to support said ties and the track associated therewith as said plow moves along under said track; a second guide means including wheels having guiding engagement with the rails of the track, whereby said plow is held in alignment with said track as it moves along; and tension means extending forward fromsaicl plow on each side thereof said tension means having connections at its front end for connecting it to a locomotive or equivalent traction means; said tensionmeans including an upper cable on each side delivering tension well above the center of resistance of said plow; and a lower cable on each side connected to deliver tension well below the center of resistance of Said plow; whereby any deviation by said plow in the vertical plane from the desired path abruptly transfers the eiective pulling f orce to a position exerting a strong corrective force on the plow.

5. Equipment according to claim 4, in combination with means for adjusting the lengths of said upper and lower cables to vary the position toward which corrective forces are exerted.

6. Equipment according to claim 5, in which adjusting means operates simultaneously to increase the length of an upper cable and decrease the length of a lower cable, or vice versa.

7. Equipment vaccording to claim 4 in combination with means for adjusting the length of certain of said cables to vary the position toward which corrective forces are exerted.

8. Equipment according to claim 7 in which said adjusting means is located adjacent the front end of the cable to'be adjusted.

ALBERT W. BANTON, JR. PAUL E. BANTON.

AREFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

l UNITED STATES PATENTS.v Number Name Date 966,613 Sparks Aug. 9, 1910 1,083,302 Sparks Jan. 6, 1914 1,929,617 waibridge oct. 10,1933

US116335A 1949-09-17 1949-09-17 Track ballasting Expired - Lifetime US2571183A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2725016A (en) * 1950-07-07 1955-11-29 Fogelberg Tord Ivar Svante Apparatus for lifting railway tracks
US2769172A (en) * 1955-10-07 1956-10-30 Mannix Ltd Ballast sled for use under railway tracks
US2921390A (en) * 1954-06-23 1960-01-19 Mannix Co Ltd Ballast plow for use under railway tracks
US2924897A (en) * 1957-06-27 1960-02-16 Mannix Co Ltd Ballast plow for use under railroad tracks
US2961972A (en) * 1957-03-26 1960-11-29 Mannix Co Ltd Ballast handling devices for use under railroad tracks
US2974429A (en) * 1958-03-14 1961-03-14 Jack C Stein Machine for removing the ballast from beneath railway track sleepers
US3114330A (en) * 1961-02-27 1963-12-17 Mannix Co Ltd Ballast handling devices for use under railroad tracks
DE1222525B (en) * 1960-10-20 1966-08-11 Jack Carl Stein Means the ballast under a track for removing
EP0583210A1 (en) * 1992-08-10 1994-02-16 Hector Carlos Fornari A self-sufficient unit of a bag for coffee infusion and carrying container
US5465666A (en) * 1991-06-24 1995-11-14 Jaakko Niiranen Method for changing railway sleepers and equipment for applying the method
US20020189201A1 (en) * 2001-05-14 2002-12-19 Hart Colin R. Method and apparatus for buffering a flow of objects

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US966613A (en) * 1910-05-24 1910-08-09 Walter F Sparks Track raising, lowering, and ballasting machine.
US1083302A (en) * 1913-05-22 1914-01-06 Walter F Sparks Machine for raising and lowering railway-tracks and applying ballast thereto.
US1929617A (en) * 1932-09-15 1933-10-10 Joseph H Walbridge Ballast removing machine

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US966613A (en) * 1910-05-24 1910-08-09 Walter F Sparks Track raising, lowering, and ballasting machine.
US1083302A (en) * 1913-05-22 1914-01-06 Walter F Sparks Machine for raising and lowering railway-tracks and applying ballast thereto.
US1929617A (en) * 1932-09-15 1933-10-10 Joseph H Walbridge Ballast removing machine

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2725016A (en) * 1950-07-07 1955-11-29 Fogelberg Tord Ivar Svante Apparatus for lifting railway tracks
US2921390A (en) * 1954-06-23 1960-01-19 Mannix Co Ltd Ballast plow for use under railway tracks
US2769172A (en) * 1955-10-07 1956-10-30 Mannix Ltd Ballast sled for use under railway tracks
US2961972A (en) * 1957-03-26 1960-11-29 Mannix Co Ltd Ballast handling devices for use under railroad tracks
US2924897A (en) * 1957-06-27 1960-02-16 Mannix Co Ltd Ballast plow for use under railroad tracks
US2974429A (en) * 1958-03-14 1961-03-14 Jack C Stein Machine for removing the ballast from beneath railway track sleepers
DE1222525B (en) * 1960-10-20 1966-08-11 Jack Carl Stein Means the ballast under a track for removing
US3114330A (en) * 1961-02-27 1963-12-17 Mannix Co Ltd Ballast handling devices for use under railroad tracks
US5465666A (en) * 1991-06-24 1995-11-14 Jaakko Niiranen Method for changing railway sleepers and equipment for applying the method
EP0583210A1 (en) * 1992-08-10 1994-02-16 Hector Carlos Fornari A self-sufficient unit of a bag for coffee infusion and carrying container
US20020189201A1 (en) * 2001-05-14 2002-12-19 Hart Colin R. Method and apparatus for buffering a flow of objects

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